TURKEY IS OUT
dF WORLD WAR
British Representatives Conclude
Armistice With Ottoman Em
pire at Saloniki.
Terms Said to Include Free Passage
of Dardanelles to AlliesImpos
sible for Sultan to Resume
London, Nov. 1.Turkey, tired ol
waiting for Germany to fulfill promises
of military and financial support,
threatened with defeat at the hands
of the Allies, has thrown up the sponge
and retired from the war as an ally
of the Central powers.
Armistice terms, including the open
ing of the Dardanelles to the Allied
fleets, were signed at Salonika by
representatives of the British and
The truce went into effect im
mediately and the Dardanelles were re
ported to have beer, opened.
Official Announcement Made.
Official announcement of the uncon
ditional surrender of the Ottoman em
pire was made in the House of Com
mons by Sir George Cave, home sec
Sir George said that occupation of
the Turkish forts on the Bosphorus
and in the Dardanelles, and repatria
tion of Allied war prisoners were two
Of the terms of the truce.
One of the ironies of the surrender
was the taking of the offer of Turkish
capitulation to the British naval au
thorities by General Townshend, the
British commander captured at Kut
He was released from captivity sev
eral days ago to carry the offer to
Vice Admiral Calthorpe, in command
of the Allied forces in the Aegean sea.
Armistice Formally Signed.
The Turkish peace envoys arrived
at Mudros early this week and the
armistice was signed Thursday night
by Vice Admiral Calthrope.
It is believed, though not officially
reported, that ships of the Allied fleet
have already entered the Dardanelles.
London, Nov. 1.British representa
tives have concluded an armistice with
Turkey at Saloniki, according to au
thoritative information received here.
The terms are said to include free
passage of the Dardanelles and to be
such that it will be impossible for
Turkey to resume hostilities.
Turkey is thus definitely out of the
The proposals from Turkey are re
garded as tantamount to unconditional
The actual terms of Turkey's peace
proposals have not yet reached Lon
To Withdraw from Italy.
Vienna, Nov. 1.Austrian troops
fighting on Italian soil will be with
drawn, according to an official state
ment issued by the war office. The
statement reads: "Taking into ac
count the resolve so often expressed
to bring about a conclusion of an
armistice and peace, putting an end
to the struggle of nations, our troops
fighting on Italian soil will evacuate
GENERAL MARCH IS PLEASED
Surrender of Turkey Referred to As
Washington, Nov. 1."Big doings,"
was the enthusiastic exclamation of
Chief of Staff March when informed
of the capitulation of Turkey and the
reported appeal for an armistice on
the field of battle of Austria-Hungary.
And War department officials indi
cated they expected more "big doings"
RAILWAYS ARE DISORGANIZED
Chaotic Conditions Prevail in Austria
London, Nov. 1.Conditions in the
Interior of Austria-Hungary virtually
preclude a continuance of fighting, ac
cording to news reaching London. The
railways necessary for the mainte
nance of the military forces of the
dual monarchy have become utterly
disorganized. ESTIMATED TEUTON LOSSES
Casualties Placed at 2,600,000 Men
Sines January 1.
London, NOT. 1.German losses
since Jan. 1 were semi-ofliclally esti
mated at 2,500,*#0, of which one mil
lion ware permanent.
Of the ten thousand German guns
operating July 15, the Allies have cap
tured a third.
Holy Land Needa Relief.
Washington, Nov. 1. Relief work
on a far greater scale than now is
being administered by ,the American
Rod Cross* among the civilian popula
tions of the Holy Land is immediate
ly necessary if thousands of men,
women and children are to bo saved,
smid a cablegram received at Red
Cross headquarters from Dr. John *H.
FInley, Red Cross commissioner for
Palestine. One-third of the population
of Lebanon has died of starvation am
due to lack of nourishment.
TAKE SERIES OF KILLS
Americans Also Capture Village
Resistance by the Germans Consists
Principally of Machine Gun
Washington, Oct. 31. Aincreville
has been captured by American troops
operating north of Verdun and they
have established their line north of
that village, General Pershing reports.
After capturing Aincreville the
Americans advanced north of the town
and established a new line on the
series of ridges in that region.
The big American guns all were
active, bombarding cross roads and
railway junctions far and wide.
By the occupation of Aincreville
the Americans have brought within
their lines a series of hills and natural
positions dpmlnating the country for
miles. Aincreville was taken with but
little opposition, the resistance being
principally from machine guns.
TRANSMITS AUSTRIAN NOTE
President Sends Latest Peace Reply
to the Allies.
Washington, Nov. 1.Austria's re
newed plea for an armistice and peace
negotiations will be transmitted to the
Allied governments by President Wil
Secretary Lansing announced that
there would be no formal reply to
Austria's latest note, but that the
Swedish minister would be told verb
ally that the Austrian appeal had
taken "the usual course" and had been
communicated to the Allied chan
cellories. GENERAL TOWNSHEND FREED
Liberated by Turks to Carry Request
Paris, Nov. 1.General Townshend,
commander of the British Mesopotam
ian force which surrendered at Kut-el
Amara, was the messenger who bore
the Turkish request for an armistice
to the Allies, it was officially an
nounced. General Townshend was
forced to lay down, his arms April 29,
1916, and was sent as a prisoner to an
Island in the Sea of Marmora.
VON BERNSTORFF IS SAFE
Germany Recalls Its Ambassador to
Basel, Switzerland, Nov. 1. The
Frankfort Zeitung says Count von
Bernstorff, German minister to Tur
key, has arrived in Berlin, having been
recalled from the Constantinople em
bassy, less on account of recent events
In Turkey than the necessity to have
some oiie in Berlin especially ac
quainted with American matters.
AMERICA IS NOT INVOLVED
Merely Severed Diplomatic Relatione
Washington, Nov. 1.For several
weeks after the United States de
clared war on Germany, Turkey took
no action but on April 21, 1917, she
severed diplomatic relations. How
ever, there has never been a declara
tion of war either by the United States
New Jap Envoy to China.
Tokio, Nov. 1. Baron Gonsuke
Hayashi, Japanese minister to China,
has resigned and TorUdichi Obata has
been named to succeed him. Baron
Hayashi has been Japanese minister
to- China since 1116. Recently he has
been severely criticised because of
hjs Chinese policy.
Power Dome Endangered.
Knoxville. Ten., Nov. 1.With a
record-breaking October flood racing
down the French Broad river from
mountains in North Carolina aad from
the Virginia water shod, the Tennes
see river has reached a flood sr/age of
unusual proportions. High waters on
the Little Tennessee river are endan
gering several concrete dams near
Alcoa, N. C, which furnish power to
the big aluminum plant at Marysville.
Washouts are reported on the South
ern railroad en the French Broad
SOLDIER INFLUENZA PATIENTS IN WASHINGTON
Influenza patients in government hospitals are given every opportunity to absorb fresh air and sunlight. They
are Isolated from all other patients and partly protected from contact with each other by cloth partitions. The
patients shown here are wounded soldiers in Walter Reed hospital, Washington.
WIN BIG VICTORY
Defeat Austrians From Mountain
Region to the Plains of
PLEADING FOR PEACE
Vienna, Realizing That Her Military
Forces Are Beaten and With Chaos
Reigning in Dual Monarchy,
Asks for Truce.
London, Nov. 1.With Turkey out
of the war, Germany's remaining ally,
Austria-Hungary, badly defeated on
the field of battle, her battleline cut
in two' and with chaos reigning inside
THE TOMAHAWK. WHITE EARTH. MINN.
Germany Would Aid Wilson.
Copenhagen, Nov. 1.The German
government, according to the Frank
fort Zeitung, dispatched its latest
memorandum to the government at
Washington for the purpose of en
abling President Wilson more clearly
to understand the alterations recently
made in the German constitution.
May Seise Polish Provinces.
Paris, Nov. 1.General Skoropod
ski, Ukrainian hetman. according to a
Zurich dispatch to the Journal dee De
bats, has sent three Ukrainian divi
sions to the Polish frontier with the
object of occupying the districts of
Cholm and Podlachia, which were
given to the Ukraine, to the prejudice
of Poland, by the Brest-Lltovsk treaty.
The Ukrainians intended to move into
Poland whenever the Germans and
Austrian groups withdrew. German
authorities in the Ukraine, it la added,
support General SkoropodskL
DISLIKES TO ABDICATE
German Emperor Says Time Has
Not Yet Arrived.
Kaiser Says He Will Step Down When
Interests of Nation De
London, Nov. 1. "If the moment
comes when the interests of Germany
demand it, I should abdicate without
hesitation, but the moment does not
seem to have come."
Emperor William is quoted as having
said this in an address to a number of
members of the German Reichstag, ac
cording to a dispatch to the Exchange
Telegraph from Amsterdam, quoting
advices from Berlin.
The emperor said the people must
not think that he had decided to re
her border, is pleading for a truce. I erally believed In Berlin that if the
Thus far her importunities have re
ceived no better answer than the re-
the throne at all costs.
Tn dispatch adds that it is gen-
doubling of the efforts of the Allies German crown prince,
to crush her warriors.
The capitulation of Turkey is be-' HA S
lieved to have been an unconditional ____
one the victories of the Allied forces
over the Austro-Hungarians threaten
to send what remains of the enemy
armies reeling back to their border
line shattered and completely van
More than 50,000 prisoners have
been taken by the Italian, British,
French, American and Czecho-Slovak
forces, and everywhere, from the
mountain region to the plains of
Venetia, the enemy is being sorely
In the mountains, where stiff re
sistance had been offered to keep the
foe from entering the back door of
Austria, the enemy's front is crack
ing under the violence of the attacks
and important strategic positions are
Wedge Driven Into Line.
To the east of the Piave the Allies
have driven in a sharp wedge to the
northeast of Belluno, some 20 miles
from their original pointtof departure,
and severed connection/ between the
armies in the north and those on the
Over the plains leading to the Aus
trian frontier at the Isonzo river the
invaders everywhere are in full flight,
with the Allied troops pressing them
hard. Here the debacle seems to be
The enemy in his flight is leaving
behind large numbers of, guns and
great quantities of war stores as he
endeavors to reach the passages over
the Tagliamento river.
It seems not improbable that on the
plains and in the region east and west
of Belluno large numbers of the en
emy are destined to be captured.
Brilliant Aerial Work.
On the western battle front there is
still little fighting of a violent charac
ter, but the intensive operations of
the airmen seems to presage an early
return of battlo of major importance.
In Belgium both the British and
Belgian troops have made slight gains,
while the French on the southern part
of the line" in France have advanced
their line and taken prisoners.
Aside from reciprocal artillery duels
and continued aerial raids by the
abdicates it will be in honor
prince William, eldest son of the
TROOP SHIPS ENOUGH
CZECHS TAKE OVER PRAGUE
National Committee Comes Into Pos
session of Bohemian Capital.
Copenhagen, Oct. 31.The Czech na
tional committee has taken over the
local government at Prague, the Bo
hemian capital, marking the final step
in its successful revolution there, ac
cording to a telegram from Berlin to
the National Tidende. The city offi
1 cials have taken an oath of fidelity to
1 the Czech state. The general com
manding the Prague garrison placed
the entire armed forces in the city at
the disposal of the Czech national
and continued aerial raws tn rtaecrn
Americans and Germans, the American NEW YORK TOWN IS GAddtU House of Commons, but, he added,
sectors east and west of the Meuse there have been attacks on other
have been comparatively quiet. Gets Taste of
Get Tast of War Material Owin
Poughkeepsie, N. Y., Nov. 1.Nine
cars loaded with chloride gas were
on the New York Central
NO GRAFT EXISTS
Findings of Aircraft Investiga
tion Are Laid Before the
MUCH MONEY WASTED
Defective Organization and Serious
Lack of Competent Direction Are
Given as Main Reasons
for Delay and Waste.
Washington, Nov. 1.The aircraft
investigation report, conducted in the
last five months by Charles E. Hughes
and Attorney General Gregory, was
placed before President Wilson by the
Attorney. GeneraT*and at once made
"Delays and wastes, of the produc
tion program," the report declares,
"were due chiefly to the defective or
ganization of the work of aircraft pro
duction and the serious lack of com
petent direction of that work by tho
responsible officers of the signal corps.
Civilian Personnel Exonerated.
No fault is found with the manage
ment of aircraft affairs since the reor
ganization of last May, which placed
John D. Ryan in charge. The civilian
personnel of the aircraft production
board is exonerated of any wrong do
Attorney General Gregory, in a let
ter transmitting the report to Presi
dent Wilson, says he is in "substan
tial accord** with tho findings by Mr.
The report finds no "graft" in the
generally accepted sense, "but makes
recommendations for proceedings
against army officers held guilty of
dealing with corporations in 'which
they were interested.
About $24,000,000 Wasted.
The chief waste from the original
appropriation of 1691,851,866, the re
port says, was in the abandonment of
two" types of airplanesone of them
the Bristoland a failure to salvage,
aggregating about $24,000,000.
The figures show that last May, of
that great appropriation, $134,000,000
actually had been disbursed, and that
up to, Oct. 1 the expenditure had
reached about $140,000,000 for all avia
tion purposes. This did not include
expenditures of the sales department,
Government Can Transport Army of which buys material and resells it to
4,000,000 Overseas. manufacturers and advances for build
ing plants. Contracts let, however,
committed about $470,000,000 of the
The figures are given in answer to
the general charge that the sum had
all been expended with practically no
The attorney general concludes in
his letter of transmittal that "no such
profits have been allowed as to Justify
a charge of bad faith."
Washington, Oct. 31.A $60,000,000
contract.. awarded to the Bethlehem
Union shipyards of the Bethlehem
Steel company at Alameda, Cal., has
been canceled by Chairman E. N. Hur
ley of the shipping board. Action was
taken by Chairman Hurley as part of
the program of concentrating ship
building in eastern yards. The ship^
ping board, it is said, has vessels in
service and nearly complete sufficient
to meet all demands for troop move
ment on the 80 division plan, which
contemplates the placing of over 4,000,-
000 men in France by June of next
LOSES ITS GRIP IN PACIFIC
German Control Over Hawaiian Sugar
New York, Nov. 1.Elimination of
German control over the Hawaiian
sugar industry by the purchase by
Americans of the powerful Hackfeld
company was announced by A-. Mitch
ell Palmer, alien property custodian.
The purchase of the German con
cern was arranged by Mr. Palmer.
As a result of this, transfer, the.
center of pro-German propaganda in
the Pacific has been destroyed and the
German hold on the principal industry
of Hawaii permanently broken.
GENERAL B0R0EVICf REMOVED
Archduke Joseph Ferdinand Now
Italian Headquarters on the Piave,
Oct. 31.It is reported that Archduke
Joseph Ferdinand has replaced Gen
eral Boroevic as the Austrian com
mander on the front along the Piave.
Since the beginning of the Italian
attack the Austrians have put up a
strong resistance. It is believed, how
ever, that the fighting spirit of the
troops is due mostly to the iron dis
cipline maintained' by the officers.
When surrounded the enemy soldiers
show little desire to continue the com*
bat. FOE PRESS BUREAU CLOSED
Berlin Papers Accused It of Giving
Out False Reports.
Washington, Oct. 31.The press bu
reau at German general headquarters
has been dissolved, according to an
official dispatch from Switzerland.
The dispatch says that some of the
Berlin newspapers declared the bureau
was responsible for spreading false
news regarding the military power of
the Central empires.
SUBMARINES STILL ACTIVE
Material Owing too steamers in the last week.
J,VV seph, a second cousin of the Austrian
railroad near Chelsea on Hudson, ac- emperor, has issued a proclamation do-
cording to telephone advices from that
hamlet. A call was received at a
factory here for gas masks.
It was said the gas had spread over
a wide area.
Work on Gun Plant to Go On.
Washihgton, Nov. 1.Work on the
mammoth ordnance plant at Neville
Island, near Pittsburgh, will go on. It
was learned at the War department
that this project is being pushed de
spite peace prospects. The work will
go on rapidly, it was stated. Besides,
it was pointed out. one of the main ob
jects of the new phut was its use
after the war to make America self
sufficient in the matter of heavy ord
nance. It was planned to have this
large factory turn out big guns for
both army and navy.
Passenger Ships Have
London, Oct. 31.For tho time be
ing there has^*w been a cessation of
U-boat attacks on passenger steamers,
Andrew Bonar Law announced in the
Independence Is Promised.
Amsterdam, Nov. 1.Archduke Jo-
daring that Emperor Charles has
charged him to effect complete inde
pendence of Hungary which would
join the League of Nations, according
to a Budapest dispatch received hero.
Hotels Use Women Waiters.
New York, NOT. 1. Tho Hotel
Astor began hiring women waitresses.
following the strike called by male
waiters at the McAlpin, Waldorf
Astoria and Clarldge hotels. Hun
dreds of young women hurried to the
McAlpin, Waldorf-Astoria and Clar
ldge hotels to secure the Jobs aban
doned. The management said the ex
periment with women waitresses had
resulted in "improvement of dining
room conditions." and said they ex
pected to keep the women perma
nurses are installed
eight miles in tin
rear of the fighting
lines "over there.''
Right here at hom|
should learn nurs*
ing to take care of
the sick or, in
wounded. You can
learn a great deaf
by obtaining the
a book of 1,000
pages, bound in cloth, containing chap*
ters on First Aid, Bandaging, Anatomy,
Hygiene, Sex Problems, Mother and Babe.
200 prescriptions for acute and chronio
diseases: profusely illustrated by wood
cuts ana colored plates. Ask your drug*
gist or send 50c. to Publisher, 663 Main
Street, Buffalo, N. Y.
If a woman is nervous or has dizzy
spells, suffers from awful pains at regu
lar or irregular intervals she should turn
to a tonic made up of herbs, and with*
out alcohol, which makes weak women
rtrong and sick women well. It is Dr.
Tierce's Favorite Prescription.g Then,
for the liver and bowels nothing is so
good as Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets.
"For a number of years
I suffered with woman's
weakness. At times my
suffering was almost
unbearable. I had pain
in my back which
would run down
through my' sides. I
i could not seem to find
any medicine that
would Rive me the
least relief until I be*
i inm IIIIIH'
LIFT OFF CORNS!
With fingers! Corns and cal
luses lift off. No pain!
Magic! Just drop a little Freezone
on that touchy corn, instantly it stops
aching, then you lift the corn off witbj
the fingers. Truly! No humbug!
Try Freezone! Your druggist sells a
tiny bottle for a few cents, sufficient to
rid your feet of every haroScorn, soft
corn, or corn between the toes, and
calluses, without one particle of pain,
soreness or irritation. Freezone is tho
discovery of a noted Cincinnati genius.
"Do you understand what Prussians
mean by the word 'kultur?*"
"No," replied the man of sincere re
sentiments "and whatever they say
they mean by it, I don't believe it."
"Did your garden help things along?**
"Yes," answered the patient man,
"it helped the neighbors to raise soma
of the finest chickens I ever saw."
"They say his intelligence and men
tal grasp are something wonderful."
*T should say so. Why, he filled out
his questionnaire all by himself."
Surnames cannot be traced farther
back than the latter part of the tenth
New York will compile a history of
all lbs soldiers who fall in war.
TO INSTANTLY RCUEVC
Stop Losing Calves
Yon can StSSp
of TOUR HERD aad
talons Dr. Pierce's
pletely cured me of
became the mother of
fine baby boy and he, as well aa myself, was ia
the best of health. This medicino did wendcro
for me and I am only too glad toxecommend it to
weak and ailing women."
Mr*. E. D. Wadtwcrth. Jfoule 2.'
An American soldier in a French
hospital raised on his pillow and sur
veyed his neighbor.
"Say, what outfit are you out of,
buddy?" he asked. "Your mug looks
kind of familiar and I've been trying
to place you."
"Company I, th Infantry," said he
of the bandaged head.
"So am I. Who the deuce are you?""
"I," said the other, "am the cap-
By theme of
B. as *ggg5g*=*
Coneult Da. DAVID KOBFKTS
f^F^ about ell
1 for FKC
SSOT of The Genie 9*wc Mb*" rHk fsDjgOg
5SSS.1??.A*!2ri" Is **H T*
tTDUTfAKY 00. Crsad Asa, TAi
W. N. U, Minneapolis, No. 44-tt1t
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