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nfr Justice and Fair Dealing for every Indian who desires to become a good Citizen. THE,TOMAHAWK. Official Organ of the Minnesota Chippewa*. 6US H. BEAUUEU, Founder. Edited by THE TOMAHAWK PUB. CO, White Earth Agency. Minnesota. Entered at the Poatoffice at White Earth, Minn., as mail matter of the second class. SUBSCRIPTION: S1.50 PER TEAR I I IDIAICl ROLL of HONOR. 6,000 SIX THOUSAND 6,000 Native Americans, Indians if you please, in the Military Service of the United States, and this does not include a large number ini Navy. August 1st, 1918. the i The Indian will not be a true citizen until Congress abolishes ttfe Indian bureau. That would free the Indian and give him his citi zenship, not as an Indian, but on the basis of a man to mam. The high and noble principle of this righteous war must be applied to the Indian race, namely, freedom, equal rights, democracy, humanity and justice God grant that, that day is near.Wassaja. "Americanism against Socialism" was the paramount issue in the last election, yet in spite ef this very serious menace to the safety of democratic institutions- the fundamental principles of the lie public, there were thousands of so called loyal (I) citizens who stay ed at home or their places of busi ness and totally ignored their rights of franchise. And these luke warm citizen? were not confined to the ordinary class citizens only but there were numbered among them persons high in office, salaried government officials and persons who improve every occasion to prate about their loyalty and de votion to God, man and country! A citizen who deliberately ignores bis rights of franchise on election day is no better than a foreigner and deserving the contempt worthy only the political slacker. General Armstrong, a distingui shed friend and educator of the Indians, was fond of telling this story concerning the class of men the government generally ap points to till the position of Indian agent on Indian reservation. Chief Fire Cloud, of the Sioux reserva tion, was selected to make an ad dress at a very large church con ference where were present many good friends of the Indian. Fire Cloud said: "When the white man wants to "raise wheat, he plants wheat when he wants to raise coin he plants corn when he wants to raise potatoes, be plants potatoes, bat when the government wants to raise good Indians bad white meu generally are sent who plant bad seed among us and which raises hell with the Indian generally." And, from past experience, the Minnesota Chippewas, the pro gressives classes especially, know to their sorrow that the latter portion of Fire Cloud speech is Virtually true. "Tie Wir Is Over." This Icng-looked for message was flashed over the country last Wednesday, White Earth getting message at the noon hour. The next day the report was denied. In the meantime the whole country including White Earth, was wildly celebrating. However the good news was not long delayed for on Monday, the 11th. inst., Germany accepted the allied terms and the terrible hostilities which have in volved the world in one of the most destructive, bloodest, cruelest and most monstrous war of history came to an end, with Germany's unconditional surrender. After dinner it was announced that a general holiday bad been pro claimed and that at 3. P. M. busi ness generally would be-suspended and the public invited to take part in a general celebration. Prompt ly at the hour appointed the vill age, school and church bells begun to ring and boarding school whistle joined the tin pan, cow bell brigade the sports came out with their guns and for a full half hour a terrific fusilade was kept up and the din was occasionally increased by the deep booming roar of the anviln from'the village blacksmith shop with an answering echo from the St. Benedict. Mission mortars and everybody smiled, laughed and yelled, in fact it was "a hot time in the old town" and no mistake. In the evening there was a dance in the village hall, an old time Indian dance, and those who at tended enjoyed a bully good time. And all ready the White Earth people are planing On a celebration on a grand scale when the "boys come marching home again" and it wont be on the red flag order either. Indians Oo Not Fight Their Friends. It is a wrong idea that Wassaja or any other Indian is fighting their friends when they speak agaiust the Indian Bureau system. Friends, keep in mind we are speak ing for our freedom and rights of citizenship. You cannot realize our position. We appreciate the good work that has been done for us, but we want you to see that freedom and citizenship ar the paramount objects that we want. You have worked to improve and prepare us for freedom and citizen ship. That looks plausible and well meaning, but the method has been wrong and ruinous. You have sincerely thought we need this and that, when in fact, we did not need them at all. You did for us what we should have done for ourselves. You, can see by so doing you made us weak instead of Self strengthen ing pur faculties and gaining our rights for us. You worked for our spiritual, educational, industrial, property, and domestic wrongs done on the reservations, and neg lected to work for our freedom "Give me liverity or give me death' did not enter your heart in your work for the Indians. Not know ing the status of the Indian you were afraid to antagonize the Gov vernment in its dealing with the Indians. You have gone to the Indian Office and tbey have always given you a favorable answer and they have always sought your aid, and you have worked in harmony with one another. You have con tided with each other. Both of you were seeking the same object of helping the Indians for their best good and preparing them for freedom and citizenship. -The In dian bureau has made you under stand, it will require time and patience, and you have accepted their stand and went On working with them without much thought. Why should you With implicit confidence in the Indian bureau THE TOMAHAWK OFFICJAL ORGAN O THE MINNESOTA CHIPPEWAS. 'Truth before Favor." Redeem Your PledgeFor War Saving Stamps. Patriotic people of Minnesota are out to make a record in the redeeming of pledges for War Saving Stamps. They have already proven themselves loyal by pledg ing approximately $40,000. Of this amount there is still $18,000,000 outstanding in unredeemed pledges. All of these pledges must he re deemed in order to put Minnesota in its proper place among the patriotic States of the Union. The State Committee has just launched a campaign in which a check is being made upon every unredeemed pledge in the State. Special representatives have been assigned to each county, and every place where pledges have been lodged for collection will be visited apd the date in 'connection with unredeemed pledges will be taken by these representatives and same will be investigated through the State Committee with a determin ation by the Committee that there will be no unredeemed pledges outstanding by December 31,1918, at which time the 1918 campaign for the State closes. "Minnesota has enjoyed in most districts a most prosperous year," says State Director Donald S. Culver. "While we have suffered a terrible catastrophe in some of our northern counties, it should be the determination of other counties to absorb the War Sav ings Stamps which normally would have been taken by these counties T.ie cash sales in Minnesota amount to approximately $22,500,- 000 to date, and if each individual at this time redeems any pledge outstanding in bis name, we can. very materially increase these figures. "We are now approaching the season of the year when the thought of giving occurs to all of us, and 1 earnestly hope t^iat a large portion of the money whic*h under normal conditions would be spent for non-essentials and gift" White Earth, Becker Canty, Minnesota, Thursday, November 14, 1918. you worked and worked with them And now here comes the Society of American. Indians, passed in their platform and resolutions con demning the Indian bureau. It appears incredible and very inap preciativcon the part of the Society Well, something had to break soon er or later. Things can go the ex treme. That point has come on In dian matters. A stand had to be made and the Society has taken that stand for the best interest of the Indians To forbear any longer would be unpatriotic when the country is fighting for freedom and all that is just. It is upon that basis we Indians expect to wage our fight for our rights. We see clearly that in order to be free men and New York, Nov. 6Colonel Ed women, we must have the Indian gar Wales Bass, U. S. A., retired, of a nature unbecoming the pres ent conditions, will this year find its way into Uncle Sam's pockets by the liberal purchase of War Savings Stamps. In this way our dollars can be made to double duty and we can rest in the thought of having done something which is strict accordance wiih the Wishes of toe government. bureau that hinders our freedom abolished. To overlook the Indians in this matter is betraying this righteous war. If we have been misled, let us be honest and get in :r-mpit of Venus' expedition to the right road and work as never ,w Zealand in 1874-5, died at before for the emancipation of the f^, home here today in his seventy Indian race. Who has better right to freedom and citizenship, on the American soil, than the In dian race? And yet these vital prin ciples are denied to them. Can you blame' the Society of American Indians, that is composed of Indi ans, for taking the stand they have done? Remember, the Indians freedom will not only help the In dians, but it will help the country. We Indians want to help the coun try and that is why we ask for FREEDOM AND CITIZENSHIP Wassaja. E. W. Bass, For mer Indian Fighter, Dies. at one time professor'of mathe tnatics nt the United States Mili t* Academy and assistant as- t, nomer with the United States a-xth .year. Born at Prairie du Cii.o% Wis Colonel Bass enlisted in the Civil war at the age of 19. Ho was graduated from West Point in 1868, after having served under General Sibley against the Sioux Indians. He was the auth or of several books on mathe matics.Ex. Read THE TOMAHAWK, $1.50. Trr 52 issues \dvertise in THE TOMAHAWK. U^iings reaulta. The PIONEER Store for gro ceries, dry goods, etc. This Means You! Now that the war is practically over don't permit yourselves to slacken interest in the war work. Remember we have some 2,000,000 brave, loyal and noble boys "over there" who have to be provided for and to be returned back to home, families and friends. Then again don't, for a minute, let your liberality waver in the blessed cause of christian philanthropy but let your zeal quicken every ef fort to provide much needed re lief for the millions who are star ving as well as clothing to clothe the naked. Remember too, the throngs of orphan waifs and the legions of wounded and shell torn crippled soldiers. The latter went through the very horrors of hell for the cause of humanity, liberty and world democracy and the as surance of a blessed and lasting peace. Don't waste time in tell ing what should be done but get busy and DO IT, do it now. Give, give liberally and don't shy be hind the craven pretext that you have done "your share," because we can never repay the debt we owe the brave men and for what they did for us. And don't forget to go and get your dinner at the Public School building, Saturday noon, Nov. 16, 1918. A Slam. Mrs. Noel"My husband has had iyspepsla dreodfully lately." Mrs. Nock"I am so sorry, but I had no Idea you were without a cook." Blames It on Tasth. According to a Paris physician, pre mature baldness is due to some trouble rlth the teeth. When you want the best In Groceries, Dry Goods, Winter Clothing, Footwear, etc., call on us. We're right here every day in the year (except Sunday) to supply you with any ana everything you may need in THE BEST AND PUREST GROCERIES IN THE MARKET. TheB.L. Fairbanks Company, White Earth, Jlinnesota. Published in behalf of, and to secure the welfare of the Indians of the United States. No. 30. Testing Pleurisy With Coins. A novel method of diagnosing pleur isy Is described by P. Lereboullet In the Parts Medical. The examtner ap plies his ear to the patient's chest, closing his other ear.-whlle coins are clinked at the patient's back. The sound of the coins coming through a healthy, normally aerated lung seems distant and dull, while through an af fected lung, through solid or homo geneous tissue a clear, silvery, metal-' lie ring Is heard. Truly King of Birds. "Our national bird, the bald eagle, wild in its native haunts. Is so large, so majestic, and flies with an evidence of so enormous strength, that one is Im pressed with the thought that here is the king of birds," writes T. Gilbert Pearson of the Audubon society. "On one occasion while eating my lunch In the shade of a little bush on South ern prairie, I saw one carry off a lamb." Advice for Letter Writers. When sending a stamp In a letter In stead of moistening one corner and sticking it to the paper, moisten a small spot in the centar of the stamp and then affix it to your letter. The removal of Uksmall part of the adhesive substance from the center in no way impairs the usefulness of the stamp whereas it Is often torn if the corner Is fastened. First Artesian Well. The first artesian well to be bored In Europe of which data is available is the tube well at Crenelle, in France, which was sunk by the French gov ernment be!ween 1834 and 1S42, in the hope of obtaining a sufficient supply of water for Paris. The depth Is 1,798 feet, at which level a prolific supply of water was reached. Versatile Windmill. A windmill in Europe grinds grain to flour for baker and then mixes and kneads It Into dough. Hold Up Your Head. A pig's nose Is nearly always In the ground.