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Justice and Fair Dealing tor every Indian who deeiree to become a good Citizen. THE TOMAHAWK. Official Organ of Xhe Minnesota Chippewas. 6US H. BEAUUEU, Fonder. Edited by THE TOMAHAWK PUB. GO, White Earth Agency. Minnesota. Entered at the Poatofflce at White Earth, Minn., as mail matter oi the second class. tlBSMIPTIW: S1.HPEI TEH II AIIAMl J2 ROLL of HONOR. 6,000 SIX THOUSANO 6,000 Native Americans, Indians if yon please, in the Military Service of the United States, and this does not include a large number in .the Navy. August 1st, 1918. The impromptu parvenu part nership of "Ich & Gott," formerly doing bnsiness at Potfidam, has disolved partnership, not by mutual consent however Billy Hohenzollern, once the high and mighty of Pottsdam is now playing the roll of a haunted, craven .'refugee in Holland as plain jBilly be damned. Now that the war is over we would suggest that after peace has been signed or rather that a clause be inserted in the peace stipule* tions to effect that all enemy aliens nod mischief makers, especially such as were interned during the war, be liberated and given 24 hours to get their contemptible carcasses out of this country. All of the food stuff which would be otherwise consumed by these de testable varmints will be needed to feed our returning boys and others worthy our liberal consideration. "LATE COMERS BETTY FLAGS?"i From the Free Press Evening Bulletin, Monday, Nov. 11, 1918, published at Winnepeg, Canada, we quote the following excerpt in an article entitled, "Vive la France," and touching upon the apparent absence of the French flag: "Why is it that the tricolor, the Flag of France, was so little in evidence on our great peace day! The Belgian flag waa plainly visable in the forest of emblems, the .Chinese and Japanese, the flags of the Balkan states, etc^, which those who carried them knew not by, name the beautiful Italian flag was there, and the flags of all the LATE COMERS in the great war, undoubtedly in cluding the Stars and Stripes in the "late comers. Then follows rapturous eulogiums of the British Union Jack and the French tri color and winding up with a eastic allusion to the "new or comers flags as Be ty Flags," in a pitiful attempt to.be droll latesastory: "These newcomers flags may well be called 'Betty' flags. As the story goes, a man and his wife were in their log house on 'their lonely homestead when the husband, sitting smok ing by the fire, looked out the window and saw a beara terrible bear! In a shaking voice he called out to his wife who was poking up (he the fire, 'Betty, there is a bear outside youjiejj better go out and drive him off the place.' Up jumped Betty, poker in hand. rushed out and jabbed at the bear's eyes, ears and head, and just as he opened bis mouth to swallow her she pushed the poker down his throat and twisted its crook around and about till the beast keeled over and fell limp. Just as the last kick was dying out of his off hind leg, out came her good man with the smile of a conqueror lighting up his brave countenance, 'Ha, Betty,' he vociferated, we did him up fine that time, didn't we? It took us to knock him out, didn't it, Betty?' And in the 'glorification' of such victors let the 'Betty' flags be waved. Nevertheless, in the name of common honesty and British jus tice, let the standards of the sacri ficing nations and the true heroes to whom we owe the victory, be borne aloft by loyal hearted and rejoicing citizens as a just tribute. And among these standards what is entitled to a higher place than the colors of FranceLe Tricou leurt 'Vive la France et la Grande Bretagne!" The author of the above article undoubtedly is not very well in formed as to the very prominent part somer of the "late comers"' took in the great world conflict now closed, especially the big Hearted country represented by the Stars and StripesOLD GLORY, contributed in so vast a degree in manpower, foodstuff, money, munitions and other war material, to aid and sustain, mor ally and otherwise, the wavering cause of the allied nations battling against formidable Hunish hordes, or deliberately disdains to tender even courteous comment .in the premises, presumably surfieted with the egotistic assumption that England and France had the Cen tra! Empire, the "big bear," prac tically defeated when the "late comers" with their "Betty" flags, including the United States, put in au appearance, and just-in time to give the Hunish bear a parting kick before he expired. Be this as it may the pitiful egoism is both ungenerous sinister and era' ven. "Late Comers"Betty" flags, indeed! How about St. Mihiohl Salient? one of the most formid able strongholds over which the Huns held sway and possession for a period of four years, notwith. standing the untitod and most vigorous assaults of the allied armies? It remained for "Uncle Sam9* ser- iate and re- Dough boys," charging brilliantly, with gallant Pershing in command and a "late comer flag," Old Glory, leading the way, which finally defeated Hunish greedy motives of a permanent residence and possession of the northern portions of sunny France likewise Belgium and averted threatened Hunish invasion of Is Grande Bretagne. "Late Comers"Betty" Flags? Umpb! well, well, we should smile! For the benefit of people less informed on the subject and history of flags we respectfully take occasion to mention some incidents in the history of aome of these national emblems, especially HS concerns pur own beloved flag, the Stars and StripesOld Glory. On or about Dec. 90th, 1776, the brave and heroic soldiery, fighting under the folds of the Stars and Stripes, cringing Hessian hirelings, "threw down their arms and beg ged for mercy." Fighting under the same trBetty Flag," redoubt able John Paul Jones, on Septem ber 23rd, 1779, came out victor in one of the most streneous naval battles of history. And it was on October 18th, 1781, that the same "Betty Flag" waved triumphant over tyranny and proclaimed liberty and free THE TOJIAHAWK. OFFICIAL ORGAN O THE MINNESOTA CHIPPEWAS. Truth before Favor." dom to a new, free and independ ent cation. And every school boy and girl is conversant with the imortal message of Commo dore Oliver Perry, "We have met the enemy and theyare ours."* The peerless conqueror's ships at Santiago Harbor, and .pro claimed liberty and freedom to fM Address by Arthur C. Parker, before the Albany Institute. There are several sorts of patriot ism and as many kinds of patriots. There is the patriot who shouts at a passing parade, or perhaps leads riie Indian a World Patriot The American Indian to day stands before the worm as a "world potriot." He has pledged all his possessions, the lives of 10, 000 his keenest and most physically sound men, and with them all his ideas of universal justice,to the service of the United States of America and to the cause of world wide democracy. The most conservative of esti mates place the value of Indian possessions in the United SUtee of America at one biliioa dollars. There are three hundred thousand Indians in the country today. Once they numbered more than a mil lion and once they owned a contin ent with all its undeveloped re sources. Yet, notwithstanding, these shrunken figures, an Indian of the Kaw tribe, a United States Senator from Kansas named Char les Curtis, arose in the United St ttet Senate and introduced a bill by which all the funds of the Indi an tribes within the United States held in the Federal treasury were pledged to the financial support of *m White Earth, Becker Cunty, Htnne&oi!*, Thursday, November 21, 1918. the Government. Specifically this Indian in behalf of his kindred by blood pledged $100,000,000 to the Liberty Loan. If every white man had pledged an equal individual amount the first Liberty Loan would have totalled fifty billion flew or waved aloft the Stars and dollars. If dollars pledged ind Stripes. "You may fire when cute any measure of patriotism the measure of the red man of America ready, Gridley," commanded Com modore George Washington U.full and running over. Dewey, on April 30th, 1898, in harbor of Manila. The engage ment added another brilliant vie- understand the moral justice of any tory for the Stars and Stripes and sealed the tyranical sway of op- |j pressive autocracy over the deni zens of the Philippine Archipele go. And on July 3rd, 1898, un der the so called "Betty Flay" the American squodron under Rear Admiral Sampson, with Commo dore Schley as officer in charge annihilated the Spanish squodron ^me Indian patriotism is no new tiring. Once an Indian tribe fully patriotic cause they entered it B0(j freely. There were In- j, dians in the regiments of Washing ton, there were Indians in the first battles of the Revolutionary war, at Lexington and at Bunker Hill, in the campaigns in the Hudson valley and about New York. In every battle of the nation since that tner nav th Queen of the Antilles. Yes, viV ceivede as this nation was conceived. la liberty et la Etas Unis, The American lndiao-4 The World Crisis fits his store has made because ofe this gigantic war for human free- the holiday crowd. Then there isMom, for the establishment of gov- the patriot who, in the primitive sense, loves his native land and be lieves it the greatest in the uni verse loves it because it contains his possessions and because he de rives his livelihood there. There is another sort of patriot who, hold ing himself as merely an indivi dual unit in his country, and more largely an individual of human society, has within himself the con sciousness of bis individual respon sibility lb society, and who recog nizes that his real safety and pro fit come* from the safety and pros perity oi all mankind, not merely himself. Thus, we have with us the shouting patriot, the emotional patriot, who for the sake of the good opinion of his fellows waves the flag we have the selfish patriot who measures patriotism "by his in dividual comfoft and freedom we have the world patriot who pledges his life and fortune that his fellow countrymen and his brothers in the world fellowship may enjoy life, liberty and pursuit of happi ness. been Indian pat riots willing4o lay down their lives for triumph of a nation con- n It was only when Indians were en croached upon and confused as to the policy of the country that they took up arms against it,the only effective way4 which they could protest. Though they have suffered much injustice, though every treaty ..forced upon the Indians has been broken by the Nation, though their lands have bein taken from them, their women and children massa cred by our military units, though they have been repressed and seg ernment of men by the consent the American Indian is loyal to the United States and to the cause of the Allies. There is absolutely no doubt of this. They are in America and with America to the finish. Indian Hero Home Wisconsin Towns Honor and cooperation of the governed, I ception at his agency when re- When you want the best In Groceries, Dry Goods, Winter Clothing, Footwear, etc., call on us. We're right here every day in the year (except Sunday) to supply you with any and everything you may need in THE BEST AND PUREST GROCERIES IN THE MARKET. TheB.L. Fairbanks Company, White Earth, flinnesota. W WWrVWrW ,,v NSOTA HISTORICAL SOGiETV Published in behalf of, and to secure the welfare of the Indians of the United States. Inin dian Invalid Home From French Battle Front. Ashland, Wis.,Among the many Chippewas who enlisted in the present war from the Bad River Indian reservation, were two brothers, John and Joseph Sky, aged 24 and 20 years, respectively, sons of Mr. and Mrs. John Sky, full-blood Chippewas. At the bat tle of Chateau Theirry every officer of their company was either wound ed or killed. Lieutenant Thoreson received fatal wounds, dying in a day or so, Captain Claire Tomkins was put out of business by shell shock, and is still in the hospital. John Sky was killed in the battle and his brother, Joe Sky had his ankle shattered by shrapnel. He was transferred from a French hospital to Rahway, N. J. and thence was invalided home to Odanah. His arrival brought out the largest patriotic celebration ever seen on the reservation. A dele gation of Spanish war veterans from Ashland, a, brass band and practically every person on the reservation met the Northwestern train as it pulled in.Ex. Mr. Jos Sky, soldier in the S. Army, received a befitting re- Read No. 31. turning wounded in the service of this country. His brother John paid the final tribute of his loyalty in the yielding of life upon the field of battle. All honor to John and Joe and this was paid to the returning wounded soldier by members of his band and by a delegation of Spanish War Veter ans, comrades in heart, and bound love by the cords of loyalty. According to Indian office judge ment and echoed no doubt by the officials of the Odanah reservation John in civil Ufe was too incom pent to maintain life without the aid of the wet nurse the Indian. Office. Likewise Joeif Joe has any funds in the hands of the super intendent at Odanah, his manly request for the sitne at this time will undoubtedly be refused or doled out to him in candy purchas ing amounts. Military honors gained are noth ing to civil service employees, and to the_ Commissioner of In dian Affairs who though he loves to talk of the loyalty of the In dian yet refuses to respect his claims for independent manhood. Like Esop's Satyr, the Commis sioner can blow hot and cold with the same mouth. THE TOMAHAWK, $1.50. 52 issues A Slam. Mrs. Noel"My husband has hod Jyspppsln dreadfully lately." Mrs. Nock"I nin so sorry, but I had no '.dea you were without a cook." BlamM It on Tth. According to Paris physician, pre* mature baldness Is due to some trouble with the teeth.