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The Tomahawk. [volume] (White Earth, Becker County, Minn.) 1903-192?, November 28, 1918, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89064695/1918-11-28/ed-1/seq-4/

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lion i turn out Your Toes
Or You'll Get Flat Feet
High Heels No Guarantee
Do you turn your toes out farther
than necessary when yon walk? A
good many people do, asserts an ex
pert, and there are two reasons why
the practice Is a bad onefor one
thing. It gives an awkward and affect
ed gait, which may even be a mincing
gait if the habit is very pronounced
for another thing, it Is apt to produce
flatfoot, that unsightly and often pain
ful disability.
One hears a good deal about flat
foot these days, and it Is shocking
bow many otherwise able and efficient
'candidates for the army have to be
turned down by physical examiners
because of this disabilityflatfoot. So
much attention is being paid to the
welfare of the foot now that flatfoot
is likely to be far less prevalent in
the next generation, but those who
have been fortunate enough to escape
the trouble so far in this generation
should be very careful not to let it
come upon them.
The common causes of flatfoot are
Improper shoes and faulty ways of
walking or standing. Flatfoot will not
be prevented, as many women seem to
fancy, by the continuous wearing of
high heels. There are people who
wear healless tennis shoes all summer
long without injury to the arch of the
foot. It all depends on the way one
steps. Barefoot people for the most
part walk with the toes pointing
straight forwardif anything a trifle
inward. The Indian always walks in
this way soIf you will notedoes
the barefoot lad in the country. The
toes in this method of walking get a
firm grip on the ground and help to
propel the body forward.
To avoid-flatfoot wear supple, roomy
shoes and take care not to toe out ex
cessively. Make all the toes do their
Work in propelling the body forward.
German Birth Rate Shows
a Drop of Forty Per Cent
Since Beginning of War
The birth rate in Germany for 1910
fell off 4*0 per cent from the figures for
the year 1913, according to Dr. Charles
Greene Cumston of the University of
Geneva, writing in the New York Med
ical Journal.
Doctor Cumston's figures are taken
from a report prepared by the Intelli
gence department of the local govern
ment board of Switzerland. 'Doctor
Cumston says in part:
"During the war there has been a
heavy fall in the German birth rate.
The first three years of the war alone
reduced by more than 2,000,000 the
number of infants who would have
been born had peace prevailed. I
would add that the infantile death rate
has been kept well down, but Is 50 per
cent higher than in England.
The birth rate, which had risen from
86.1 per 1,000 inhabitants in the decade
1841-1850, to 39.1 in the period 1871-
1880, fell in the succeeding decides to
86.8, 36.1 and 31.9. The rate for the
last year of the decade J901-1910 was
80 per 1,000 Inhabitants, and the con
tinuance of the fall brought the rate
as low as 28.3 In 1912. In 1913 there
were 1,839,000 live births. In Ger
many, In 1916, there were only 1,103,-
'000, a decrease of 40 per cent as com
pared with 1913."
Musical Notes.
Some musicians have sharp
eyes and flat feet.
Of course the sharp eyes are
the more essential. Unless a
fellow can natural he may
play off key.
Most any musician can pass a
double bar without stopping if
he is pressed for time.
Bill Shakespeare must have
been at least af dub musician or
he couldn't have written "Meas
ure for Measure."
Man Is like a violin. Some
body Is always stringing him.
And he is also like the string
soon broke.
Must Purchase Sugar Every
15 Days Instead of Weekly
Approximately 20,000,000 pounds of
sugar will be saved per year by a
new ruling of the food administration
which will prevent anyone from ob
taining more than two pounds of sur
gar per month. Many people were un
consciously breaking the regulations
regarding the distribution of sugar
by purchasing their sugar on the basis
of one-half pound per capita per Week.
On this basis of four weeks to the
month there would be only 48 weeks
to the year, or 336 days. This would
leave 29 days, or practically another
month, during which sugar would be
consumed on a basis of two pounds
per capita. With a population of 100,-
00,000 people this would require
about an additional 200,000.000 pounds
of sugar. The new regulation requires
consumer to purchase his allot
ment of sugar every fifteen days, or
etnt-monthly, rather than every week.
Increases of Food Prices.
Retail prices of food Increased 4
per cent from August 15 to September
^5 14 per cent from September, 1917,
tn September, 1918. and 72 per cent
from September. 1913. to September,
3918. the bureau of labor statistics an-
*IHIW*M1. Tli** Increases were deter-
ii---".' frrvn r*-r-+ by retail dealers
Potatoes Feed die World
Different Ages and Sizes of Tubers Demand Special Prepara
tion and Aid in Keeping Body Tissues Alkaline
The general use of potatoes in the average family and the better customs
prevailing in many homes in preparing the tubers for food are based on
sound economic and dietetic reasons, according to specialists of the office of
home economics of the United States department of agriculture.
Potatoes are easy to cook in a variety of ways. From the point of view
of dietetics, they furnish starch in one readily digestible form, contain mineral
substances of importance to the body, anda fact less generally known
tend to make the tissues and fluids of the body alkaline, so counteracting the
tendency of meats, eggs, fish and like foods to create acid conditions. Since
the body does its work, best when its condition is either neutral or slightly:
alkaline, potatoes, like most vegetables, perform an important function in
the diet besides furnishing energy-producing material. This scientific fact
justifies the custom that is prevalent in many families of serving a goodly
supply of potatoes or other vegetables with each helping of meat.
Potatoes, however, while a valuable addition to a mixed diet, alone are
not suited to meet the needs of the body because of their poverty in proteins
and fat. Of these latter important elements protein Is furnished in meats,
eggs, fish, milk, beans and similar foods, and fat in butter, bacon, table oils
and the fats and oils used in cookery.
Greater care than commonly Is exercised should be taken in peeling
potatoes. Very often 20 per cent of the potato is pared away. This results
not only In the waste of considerable potato but also in the loss of one of the
most valuable portions of the tuber, since the soluble mineral salts are present
In the material near the skin, which should be removed and thrown away.
These salts can be preserved by a more careful removal of the skin, as by
shallow paring or rubbing, and also by boiling or baking the potatoes in their
Paring before boiling, however, may be the most desirable method of
cooking potatoes, which through an undue exposure to light may have ac-
quired a bitter taste, or those which have been kept until late in the spring,
since in this way more of the disagreeable flavor is eliminated. Such potatoes
may also be soaked before cooking.
While these methods may be desirable with potatoes which have been
exposed to light, they result in the loss of considerable food value without
compensating advantages when applied to new or well-matured potatoes. If
such potatoes are boiled after paring, they should be dropped into boiling
water instead of being placed on the stove in cold water. By the latter
method there is twice the loss of protein, or tissue-building elements, result-
ing from the former. The loss of mineral matter is about the same by each
method. There is no loss of starchy material in boiling unless portions of the
Practically the only loss when potatoes are baked In their skins is of the
water which escapes as steam. The more or less common custom of pricking
holes in the skin of baked potatoes or breaking them is explained by the
fact that unless the steam which Is formed Inside the skin is allowed to
escape it will change back into water and produce sogginess.
Potatoes which have turned green and sprouting tubers have present a
considerable quantity of solanln, an acrid poisonous substance which, though
not" dangerous In the quantities ordinarily met with, gives a disagreeable
flavor.' It is best, therefore, to avoid such potatoes or to cutout green or
sprouting portions.
Balloons and Pigeons Were
Used to Carry Mail During
Siege of Paris in 1870-71
Although airplanes were unknown in
1870, balloons played an important
part in the siege of Paris, relates a
writer in New York Evening World.
So closely were the Prussian lines
drawn about the city that communica
tion with the odtslde world was cut
off. The military authorities called
upon the aeronaut Durouf to make a
balloon flight from Paris. Carrying
250 pounds of letters, he made the at
tempt, and after flight of three noun*
landed at Bvreaux, far beyond the
zone of Prussian control. A regular
mall service was then established, and
though many flights ended in disaster,
It continued until the surrender of the
City. It was in this way that Gambret
tu, the statesman, made his escape
from Paris to Tours, where he recruit
ed a new army, which offered a des
perate but vain resistance to the in
The balloon service was maintained
throughout the Investment, from Sep
tember 23, 1870, to January 28, J871.
Letters to be sent "par bablonmote"
were written on very thin paper, and
among the most interesting relics of
the siege are the letter journals, in
vented by Le Petit Journal. The news
of the besieged city was printed in
very small type on one side of a thin
letter sheet and the other side of the
sheet was left blank for personal com
munications. About a score of Paris
papers issued these novel sheets, and
practically all letters were written on
Getting letters into the beleaguered
city presented a more difficult problem,
but this was partlaly solved by send
ing carrier pigeons out with the bal
loons. Letters and dispatches were
photographed and so reduced that a
single pigeon Ittmlng Its way to Paris
often carried thousands of dispatches
in a quill attached to Its tall. One
pigeon carried to Paris dispatches rep
resenting 300,000 francs in postage.
Why Troops of the Kaiser
Were Given Title of "Huns"
Because of the
Germans' brutality and wanton de
structiveness in the present war they
have been called Huns.
Gives $1,432,374 for Belgians.
For relief Work In Belgium during
the ten months ending last June SO,
the American Red Cross appropriated
$1,432374 and it has set aside S1.947.-
325 for the remainder of the present
Salt From Salt Lake.
iki'iV i ,ii
Working Friend Wife.
Jinks was always complaining of his
wife's memory. "She can never re*
member anything," said he. 'It's aw-
"My wife was Just as bad," said
Brown, "till I found a capital recipe."
"What was it?" asked Jinks eagerly.
"Why," said Brown, "whenever
there's anything particular I want the
missus to remember I write It on a slip
of paper and gum it on the looking
Jinks is now a contented man.
War Sharpened His Wit*
Tommy (just off train, with consid*
erable luggage)-/Cabby, how much is
it for me to Latchford?
CabbyTwo shillings, sir.
TommyHow much for my luggagel
CabbyFree, sir.
TommyTake the luggage. I'll
In the Making.
BoardOThis tea is very weak.
LandladyI buy only the best tea,
BoarderDoubtless! Its weakness
is wholly structural, I believe.
In Right Class.
"So your friend
the baker has en
listed. What part
of the service has
he joined?"
"I don't know,
but I guess he's
gone with the
The- Huns were a, brutal race of
savage people who Invaded Europe
about 350, slaughtering the Inhabi
tants and destroying property. When pnraglngly at that man? He stood np
the kniser sent his troops to China.
July 27, 1900, he said to them: "Use
your weapons in such a way that for
a thousand years no Chinese dare look
upon a Gorman askance. Be as terri
ble as Attya's Huns.v
PatienceWhy do you look so dls
for you at the meeting the other night
when you were being abused.
PatriceYes, I know he did. But
I came up on the same trolley car with
him tonight and he wouldn't .stand up
for me there.
May Find Priceless Tables
With the Ancient Furniture
There Is.a tremendous demand to
day for old mahogany or oak tables.
If there are any historic associations
attached to these tables they brtof
fabulous prices. There are plenty of
tables in the country possessing real
historic interest, but none of them is
ia the least likely at the moment to
come on the open market. The table
on which Napoleon signed his_al
Hon may be priceless. In
The inhabitants of Palmyra get all there Is a mahogany table which, fcrj-
._ .,it K. .llnnlni Hnolrats. ntr thf 1 dlttOA SSyS, WaS Washed UP OS
their sal, by. dipping, bucket into the dltion
neighboring salt lake and allowing the, coast of Clare after the wreck of
water to evaporate. {Spanish
Familiar Faces.
"Did you ever
have the feeling
that you have met
a person before
and perhaps had
an unpleasant ex
perience in the
dim past?"
"I often have
that feeling In hir
ing a cook."
The knife blade of this electric cutter
revolves at the rate of 6,000 times a
minute. With an efficient, modern
machine of this kind garments can
be cut so rapidly that hundreds of
workrooms can h* supplied with
materials for sewing.
Up to August 81 of this year, the
American Bed Cross had sent to
France 10,637.201 hospital garments
made in Bed Cross workrooms through
out the country and by Bed Cross
workers. That such a great number of
these Important garments were turned
out in just about a year, is due large
ly to the use of machinery, not only in
the sewing, but in the cutting.
The accompanying illustrations
show the machines used in marking
nnd cutting the patterns, and which
are operated by electricity. The gar
ment material is placed, layer upon
layer, several hundred deep, then an
electrical perforating machine marks
Be no longer a chaos, but a world. Pro
duce! Produce! Were it but the pitiful
est infinitesimal fraction of a product,
produce it! in God's name! 'Tis the ut
most thou hast in thee out with it, then.
Up, up! Whatsoever thy hand And to do,
do it with thy whole might.Carlyle.
Cranberry Frappe.
This is especially good with a tur
key dinner. Stew the berries and add
the sugar as for sauce or Jelly. Cool
and add the Juice of two lemons and
freeze to the consistency of mush.
Serve in sherbet cups with chicken
or turkey.
Baked Cranberries. Machineiy of Mercy1
Helps in Production of American Red Got* Garments
Choose a wide earthen dish to bake
the berries, large enough to take a
pint of berries to cover the bottom.
Pour over them a sirup made with two
cupfuls of sugar and one of water.
Place In a slow oven and bake until
done. Take from the oven but do not
stir until cold, when each berry will
be coated with Jelly and when piled
in a pretty glass dish look like candled
cherries. These may be dried on waxed
paper nnd used in place of cherries
as a garnish.
Mock Venison.
Lay a leg of mutton in a dish of di
luted vinegar, one-fifth vinegar and
four-fifths water add two small sliced
onions, six peppercorns, six cloves,
dozen allspice, four bay leaves and
a tablespoonful of crushed Juniper
berries. Roast the mutton after it has
laid In this solution four days. Use
the vinegar to baste the meat while
Veal Kidneys With Cider Sauce.
Remove all fat and fibers from three
veal kidneys. Add a tablespoonful of
hot fat to. a frying pan with a heap
ing tablespoonful each of chopped
parsley and onion then drop In the
kidneys and steam, well covered, for
fifteen minutes then pour over a half
cupful of dder. When hot add season
ing to taste and serve.
Cape Cod Pudding.
Cream half a cupful of butter sub
stitute, add gradually one cupful of
sugar and three well-beaten eggs.
Mix and sift three and a half cupfuls
of flour with two teaspoonfuls of bak
ing powder add a half capful of milk
and one and a half cupfuls of chopped
cranberries. Turn Into a buttered
mold and steam three hours. Serve
with thin cream and powdered sugar,
flavored with nutmeg.
An electrical stencilling machine burns
little holes to mark the pattern so
quickly that with it and the cutting
machine the department Is able to
cut garments at the rate of 70,000
yards for every 5l/2
days' work.
the pattern, burning tiny holes into the*
cloth. After this stencilling machine,
as it is called, has marked the pat
tern, the chalking machine comes Into
use. This contains either white or
black chalk, to contrast with the mate
rial in use at the time. It is moved
over the holes burned by the stencilling
machine to accentuate the outlines of
the pattern.
The cutting of the material is done
with a ten-inch blade. It is estimated
that this machine saves from three to
Seven cents on each garment. The
knife blade on the cutter revolves at
the rate of 6,000 revolutions a minute.
The combined machinesstencilling,
chalking and cuttingare able to con
vert 70,000 yards of material into gar
ment sections, ready to% sew, every five
and one-half days.
2,399,000 18-45 Men to Be
Called Before July 1Over
2,000,000 Will Be Fighters
Draft calls for men who have passed
their thirty-seventh birthdays are ex*
pected to begin about March 1. Plans
for bringing the older class of new
registrants into camp have not been
completed, but the approximate date
of the first call was recently disclosed
by publication of testimony by Provost
Marshal General Crowder before the
house military committee.
In all, General Crowder told the
committee, 2,399,000 newly registered
men between eighteen and forty-five,
will be called before July 1, and of
that number more than two million
will be physically fit fighting men. The
calls for general service will be di
vided as follows:
October, 345,000 November, 204,000
December, 197,500 January, 147,500
February, 244,000 March, April, May
and June, 344,000. These men will
supply both the army and the navy
and the marine corps.
In addition, 20,000 men for limited
service will be called each month.
General Crowder said the work of
classifying new registrants Should be
completed by January 1.
Do You Khow That
No Jew may purchase land in
The only maritime country in
Europe without a navy Is Bel
Out of every hundred of the
population In England and Wales
seventy-eight live in towns.
An Englishman used to eat
more butter than any man of
any other nationality. His year
ly average was thirteen pounds.'
Important Improvement in
Snow Sheds for Railways
Important improvements were intro
duced by the Southern Pacific rail
road in the design of their snow sheds,
says Popular Mechanics Magazine.
One of these consists of telescoping
unlfs having a maximum length of 96
feet which make it possible to divide
long sheds into Isolated sections as a
means of protection against the spread
of fire, or for other purposes. Each
unit Is made with removable outside
braces and Is mounted on rails, so
that a locomotive can draw it into the
adjoining structure, purposely made
larger to receive It
Portugal's Former Name.
Portugal was formerly known as
Lusitania. The present name Is de
rived from Port Callo, the ancient
name of the town now known to us
as Oporto.
Where are the swallows fled?
Frozen and dead
Perchance upon some bleak and Stony
O doubting heart!
Far over purple seas
They wait, in sunny ease.
The balmy southern breeze,
To bring them to their northern homes
once more.
Why must the flowers die?
Prisoned they lie
In the cold tomb, heedless of tears or
O doubting: heart!
They only sleep below
The soft white ermine snow
While winter winds shall blow.
To breathe the smile upon you soon
The sun has hid its rays
These many days
Will dreary hours never leave the earth?
O doubting heart!
The stormy clouds on high
Veil the same sunny sky
That soon (for spring is nigh)
Shall wake the summer into golden mirth.
Fair hope Is dead, and light
Is quenched in the night.
What sound can break the silence of
O doubting heart!
The sky is overcast,
Yet stars shall rise at last.
Brighter for darkness past,
And angels' silver voices stir the air.
Adelaide Anne Procter.
Don't Be Ashamed to Carry An
Unwrapped Parcel
The good American housewife
should go shopping with a basket. It's
the fashion! No longer can you be
ashamed to carry an unwrapped par
cel, thinking perhaps the market bas
ket will mark your snobbishness. The
war Industries board has made an ap
peal for co-operation to the American
women to help the retail stores comply
with the recent order for discontinuing
the wrapping of package merchandise
so do not protest when your dealer
asks you to carry home your.cabbage,
your beets or carrots, your fancy
cracker box or lurid sirup can unwrap
ped. Put your pride in your pocket
and your unwrapped parcels in your
basket and trudge home cheerfully
with them. It is the fashion!
Disdain the paper bag that you real
ly doi not need. Only bread, pastry,
sugar, tea and such things are entitled
to be wrapped Just now.
Save paper and help gas,the Hun,
for it means more gas for Fritz every
time you say, "Don't wrap it."
At no time has It been more impor
tant to cull the flock carefully than
now. A good hen is returning to its
owner a good profit a poor one, a cor
responding greater loss. With the gen
eral purpose breeds the pullet year is
the most profitable. In fact, It will
take two pounds more feed to produce
a pound of eggs with hens than it will
with pullets. No farmer can afford to
keep any hen of the general purpose
type after she has passed through the
second laying season. All females
which have passed the first year of
laying should be marketed unless they
arelo be kept for next year's breed
ers. If the farmer cannot tell the age
of his hens, he can avoid future guess
work by putting a ring on the legs of
the pullets.
Some features that will help the
farmer distinguish hens that have
been good egg producers have been
noted by the University of Missouri
College of Agriculture. In October
the poor layers will have yellow
shanks, a small dull comb, pin bones
close together, and will have com
pleted molting. The good layer, will
be In the molt, will have pale or al
most pink shanks, will be ragged in
appearance and, if laying, the pin
bones will be well spread apart The
good layer, even though in the molt,
will start laying just as soon as the
early molter. The good layer will
have a' soft velvety skin while that of
the poor layer will be thick and
It will pay to cull the flock If the
culling is done right
One of Several Theories as
To Origin of Wedding Ring
Among several theories as to the
origin of the wedding ring is one
which is to the effect that before the
time of mints and coinage the gold
money in Egypt was made in the form
of a ring, usually worn on the finger
as a convenient method of carrying
and safe-keeping. The men and wom
en, therefore, had all their gold or
wealth made into rings, and for the
majority of people these rings were
no larger than the plain gold bands of
today. Thus, when the groom placed
the ring on the bride's finger, he meant
exactly what the modern service
makes him sayhe did exactly endow
his bride with all his worldly goods.
Amber and Jade Mines.
It is at the sources of the Cbindwen,
or western branch of the-Irrawaddy,
that the famous amber and jade mines
are which have supplied China with
these much prised stones for centuries,
Microbes on the Screen.
Apparatus with which it is possible
to make motion pictures of living mi
crobes has been perfected by a Cali
fornia scientist
,M M._

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