American War Service Organizations
Help Soldiers of France and Italy
By MRS. RHETA CHILDE DORR. Author and Trawler
A big contribution which the United States has
made to our fighting allies is the war service work
among the troops of the nations affiliated with America.
None of the war service organizations was known in
France or Italy until we came into the war. Before
the war ends they will be as familiar there as they
When the Y. M. C. A., TL of Jewish Welfare
and Salvation Army huts were established in France
the native population was mildly interested but little
curious. They thought /the huts were canteens for
American soldiers, a sort of an offshoot of the Bed Cross, with which they
were already acquainted. But soon the American soldiers began to rater-
izewith the French poilu and the latter, after visiting the huts, spread
the tale of the many and varied conveniences and necessaries provided for
the Americans. Moving pictures and entertainments, books, writing
materials, banking facilities, athletics and games, educationa long list.
The K. of C. and the Jewish Welfare board care for all-allied soldiers
in the^same huts maintained for American fighters. The Y. M. C. A. has
established a special Service for the Poilus with the approval of the French
government, which has military supervision over them. "Foyers des sol-
dats" they call' themliterally, homes for soldiers. They need homes,
jfchese brave, tired, unconquerable French poilus. After four long years
of terrible fighting they are dog-tired and need diversion. Between bouts
with the invading Huns they love to drop into their foyers for a cup of
hot chocolate, a smoke and a comradely talk. Their slender pay, a franc
1(20 cents) a day, does not permit them the extravagance which marks
the American soldier. But chocolate, coffee, bouillon, cakes, pencils, post-
cards and the like they can buy. Ten centimes (two cents) is the maxi-
mum charged for these articles.
The most celebrated of the foyers, the Foyer du President Wilson, is
an underground cavern at Fort Douaumont, northwest of immortal Ver-
dun. Other foyers in the area over which the fighting has been most fierce
have been lost to the Germans, but of these, 47 have already been replaced
and the others will be, for the French government sees in them great pos-
sibilities for education of the soldiers.
This brings us to the other newly established American institution,
the public library. The library war service of the American Library asso-
ciation has established in "Y" huts, Knights of Columbus huts, Red
Cross houses, Y. W. C. A. hostess houses and other stations overseas, cir-
culating branch libraries with a constant supply of books and magazines.
These are not entirely fiction libraries, although of course good fiction is
included. The American fighting man reads to improve his status as a
fighter/to help him in his special line of work, and to get him a better
job after the war. The library war service provides him with technical
textbooks and with every kind of trade and professional work, from law to
The French government has viewed this* service with admiration. A
commission recently was formed, with President Poincare as chairman,
to study the American public library system and to establish it throughout
France. Already the system has been established in the foyers des sol-
dats^ The library war service sends libraries of fifty to one hundred books
to each foyer, and the department will soon be enlarged, as the French
government has requested that agricultural and other works be added.
The war department has asked for moving pictures illustrating scientific
farming, forestry, manual training, machinery, playgrounds and recrea-
American institutions, American secretaries like these are spreading
from France southward into Italy. The K. of C. has ordered 100 secre-
taries to Italy, where ten huts are being constructed. At almost four
hundred points the Y. M. C. A. has established its work'. Soon Italy will
have its homes for soldiers. Wherever the American flag goes to help
in the war for liberty there also will go the war service agencies, the help-
Seven of these agencies have been authorized to work abroad and at
home for the soldier, sailor and marine. These are the Y. M. C. A., the
.T. W. C. A., the National Catholic War council and Knights of Colum-
hus, the War Camp Community service, the Jewish Welfare board, the
American Library association and the Salvation Army. To maintain their
efficiency a great deal of money is necessary, and the week of November
11-18 has been set apart to collect the sum of $170,500,000 to be divided
among the seven.
Who contributes to the sum helps our men in every camp, cantonment,
aviation camp, naval station, warship and transport in this country and
in Europe. He helps the French and the Italian soldier. He helps to
maintain the fighting morale of the allied armies. He helps to beat the
unspeakable Hindenburg, the bloody-handed Von Tirpitz, the mad maniac
of Potsdam. Every dollar given to that fund helps to win the war
quickly and to bring back the men for whom millions of hearts yearn.
Geftian Newspaper Is One of Most
Pernicious Agencies of War
By Dr. P. A. DICKIE of DerasM SocMty
Quite frequently it has been stated that the German newspapers should
he retained for what they can do in teaching patriotic principles to our
American citizens who only speak German and thjs reason has been
advanced by intelligent American men and women. That the principles of
American patriotism can be taught by means of the German language is as
reasonable to expect as that the principles of Christianity can be imparted
through the agency of satan.
There is another reason popular among a certain lot of people when
ther want an excuse for their advocacy of the retention of the German
newspapers. This has almost become a joke on account of its frequent
use. is that of the old German lady whom the party knows-atrange
to say it is never an old man-Hgho cannot be deprived of the great com-
fort her paper is to her.
Those who are opposing the suppression of the German newspapere,
whatever may be the reasons they gir* are, *^^J^*"*
Irirtuallystabbing our boys in the back who are fighting our oattles for as
and risking their lives.
TTpermit without a protest the existence of a I*^^^
it is generally known that the German newspaper is one f^
.aost^niicious agencies we have to contend against is to lengthen the war
and increase the number of our boys who will not come back to us.
THE TOMAHAWK, WHITE EARTH. MINN.
The Court House in Rosario.
N THE broad and majestic
Parana, sweeping southward
toward the sea, stands Argen
tina's second metropolis, Ro
sarlo, about 300 miles distant from the
Atlantic. Unlike many other large
South American cities, Rosario is
neither the capital of a state nor the
capital of a nation. Its importance,
therefore, is not closely allied with
the vagaries of provincial or federal
politics it stands upon the solid foun
dation of commerce and industry.
Across the river, and eastward from
the city's busy streets, lies the rich
Argentine province of Entre Rlos,
writes William A. Reid, in the Bulle
tin of the Pan-American Union. To
westward stretches the level pampa,
Seemingly into endless space, over
which the harvester garners the gold
en grain or the cowboy rides with the
growing herdsindustries so vast in
extent that foreign nations constantly
send forth their ships to trade with
this famous depot of supplies. Many a
man is familiar with the great capital
of the Argentine nation, and with it he
associates enormous quantities of
products, a very true presumption
but fewer people hear of Rosario, more
or less overshadowed by the larger and
more palatial city, but, nevertheless, a
place that in recent years has largely
expanded its commerce, grown in gen
eral prosperity, and heeded the call of
Rosario is situated on the west bank
of the Parano, the latter, under dif
ferent names and tributaries, coming
from sources far away in the heart of
a continent. For 200 years Rosario
has existed but for the last few de
cades it has been growing. These two
words are typical of the city's prog
ress, and it is of the latter-day growth
that we write but at the came time
it must be remembered that the unset
tled condition of the world during the
last few years and the lack of ship
ping facilities have retarded the prog
ress of Rosario as well as other im
portant commercial cities.
On a Level Plain by the River.
Rosario Is located in the southern
part of the Province of Santa Fe. In
this section of the province the land is
slightly undulating, but as one travels
from the city he realizes the vast area
of level plain by which he is surround
ed the soil is fertile, the pasturage is
usually ample for the stock, while the
absence of trees, save here dnd there
the solitary "Ombu," reminds one of
the agricultural regions of Kansas and
Iowa. On this vast level plain, by the
river's side, the early builders of Ro
sario made a beginning. The plain
where the city stands is from 50 to
300 feet above the waters of the river,
and at certain seasons of the year
heavy rains in the interior of the con
tinent swell the Parana, which rises
considerably, often overflowing its
The region about Rosario being com
paratively level, there was little diffi
culty in planning streets, avenues and
public parks. The streets generally
run westward from the river and are
crossed at right angles by others, mak
ing about as perfect a checkerboard
plan as any city can show. Approxi
mately 2,000 acres of land are occu
pied by business streets and buildings,
and the city's population is about 235,-
000. Pleasing features of construction
are the wldeness of avenues and
streets, the liberal number of parks,
and the general openness contrasting
with the older section of Buenos Aires
and its narrow streets.
As seen from approaching river
steamers the city Is rather disappoint
ing. The flatness of the plain and the
line of bluffs along the western shore
prevent sightseeing at Its best. Should
we enter Rosario by rail, however,
conditions are reversed and one gath
ers a very fair Impression of outlying
districts and the thousands of low
buildings which boose worklngmen
and their families. JElght railroad
lines enter the city from as many di
rections, though most of these reads
come from the westward-lying grain
fields.- Noticeable la the suburbs of
Rosario are the growing number of
small agricultural patches and truck
gardens which are now supplying the
markets of Rosario, Buenos Aires and
other cities with'vegetables, dairy and
other products. A decade or more ago
when the writer visited Rosario for the
first time this industry was not so no
ticeable as today and it indicates
some of the smaller industries that
gradually develop in newer countries
amounting on the, whole to valuable
sums and the products themselves re
sponding to modern demands.
Some Features of the City.
Rosario's first bank was established
In 1857, and tflb same year saw the
organization of a chamber of com
merce of 100 members, and a shipping
society the latter was responsible for
the construction of the mole "castel-
lano," which served shipping Interests
for many years thereafter.
Being neither federal nor state capi
tal, Rosario's public buildings are not
so numerous as those of a city of both
political and commercial Importance
but the latter interests are responsible
for the construction of many fine edi
fices for innumerable purposes, a few
of which are shown in the illustra
tions. Private residences, as a rule,
partake of Spanish architecture, with
the ever-loved patio and its flowers
and birds as special features.
Horse-drawn street cars were com
pletely withdrawn from Rosario in
1908, and today there are modern elec
tric cars operated on 52 or more miles
of tracks, and all of the cars trans
ported 27,000,000 passengers in a re
cent year. The fare is 10 centavos, or
the equivalent of about 4 cents In
United States currency.
The port of Rosario is a busy place.
The Socledad Anonima, a French or
ganization, operates the port under
regulations prescribed by the federal
government. The company Is credited
with a capital of about $2,000,000 and
has outstanding bonds for $20,000,000,
bearing interest at per cent. Its con
cession covers a large area and ap
proximately three miles of wharf,
along which It operates 30 miles of
railway. Much of the proposed work
of Improving and modernizing has al
ready been accomplished more is to
be done. Cargo is handled by steam
and electric cranes, the latter power
being generated by the company's pri
vate plant. The company also operates
a large grain elevator. During the
last normal year (1913) Rosario's ex
ports amounted to 3,012,970 metric
tons imports, 1,307,681 metric tons.
This commerce was carried by 2,076
steamers and 977 sailing vessels, which
entered or cleared the port.
Many Small River Steamer*.
Aside from the activities of seagoing
commerce the small trading vessels
that come down to Rosario from man/
far inland points are interesting and
significant. For instance, the little
Bolivian port of Suarez, 1,500 miles or
more northward on the Paraguay,
sends a regular trader to Rosario the
bqats from the Alto Parana, the Pilco
mayo, the Bermcjo, and other rivers
also make Rosario their southern ter
minus. With ocean and river craft of
all descriptions anchored for several
miles along the WHter front, with sail
ors and river boatmen speaking varied
languages, handling cargoes curious
nnd Interesting, a commercial picture
is presented that merits the attention
of a gifted painter.
The city of Rosario is supplied with
water for domestic purposes by on
English corporation, which obtained a
franchise In 1888 lasting for 70 years.
The water is obtained from the Para
na above the city, and after passing
through filtering and clearing reser
voirs Is distributed through the city by
about 220 miles of pipe line. Taking
1913 as an average year there were
more than 23,300 firms and Individuals
taking this water, and the receipts to
the company for the same period
amounted to $588,000.
Rosario's system of sewerage la
modern and efficient, and since 1910
the operating company has been ex
tending sewers to more remote sub
urban districts. The net revenue In
1914 amounted to $211,000, and this
sum allowed the payment of a 8 per
cent dividend to stockholders. Sew
erage rates are about 4 per cent of
the rental value of property.
Tank Riding Social Fad.
Tank riding Is the latest society
"wrinkle" in London. It's just as
fashionable as ballooning used to be
years ago. Lady Hamilton of Dalsell
sat In "Julian" the other day while he
demolished some old buildings just for
Humble "Tabby" Important Feature of Fur Trade
the fur business?" asked one of the passengers on a
trolley the other day. "Fine," said his friend "I have just got back from
St Louis, where they had the greatest fur auction In the history of the trade."
"St. Louis?" said the other man
"I thought the big fur business was
all done in London."
"The war has changed all that,"
said the fur man "St. Louis was
picked as the new fur market because
it is a real center and the furs can be
sent there, from all parts of the world
with the least trouble."
"Anything especially interesting
at the sale?"
"Well, the total reached $0,000,-
000 and that's some money, even In
these days. By the way, it may surprise you to learn that the common house-
cat has become quite an important feature of the fur trade."
"I have suspected it right along," said the inquisitive man "otherwise
how could every-glri you meet, even shopgirls earning $7 a week, wear what
looks like a genuine fox around her neck?"
"Well, I'm not giving away any of the secrets of the trade," said the fur
deafer^ "but the fact remains that at the St. Louis sale no less than 13,000
house-cat skins were sold, and at prices that were 30 per cent, higher than
those of last spring."
"I klnda thought I hadn't heard quite so much yowling around my back
Downpour of Wine Shocked Staid Hotel Guests
flowed from the ceilings of one of Milwaukee's most
domestic and decorous family hostelrles, and its atmosphere was heavy
With the odor of Burgundy. It trickled down upon the shining pates of
sober-minded gentlemen, enjoying aft
er-dinner moments in the lounge. Best
bonnets were baptized with the vin
tage, and even white ribbons were
spattered with its drops.
After the sparkling fluid had
dripped down unregarded for a
moments, guests of the hotel began to
sit up nnd take notice.
"Bless my soul!" exclaimed nn old
gentleman with horn-rlmmed glasses,
"what's this, what's this?"
The crimson spot on the velvet
carpet grew larger and an agitated clerk hastened forward with a receptacle
to avert disaster.
Afterward the thrifty were heard to remark that the wine might better
have been caught In.tankards and used ns a cure for influenza.
Prospective guests about to engage rooms for a season sniffed the air
suspiciously the wine poured down in a larger stream speculation was rife.
Gradually the truth concerning the dripping leaked out.
The family occupying a suite Just over the hotel lobby hnd thought to
entertain a few friends, and had bought a gallon of wine for the purpose.
The hostess,, preparing for the party, picked up the decanter from the
closet floor, where it had been reposing, started to carry it to the table, and
dropped it en route.
For a few exciting moments, therefore, wine flowed like water at this
home of the sedate, though the people for whom it had been intended felt
that the flow was directed in the wrong direction.
Possibly "Mr. Barnes" Lost the Farmer's Currency
ANSAS CITY."Chief, some slickers robbed me of $15,000. Will you help
me catch them?" A Swede farmer living In Iowa asked the question of
Chief of Detectives Robert Phelan at police headquarters. He said he was In
Excelsior Springs a month ago- recov-
erlng from nn Illness. While there he
became acquainted with two well
dressed young men in a hotel lobby
who pointed out to him middle-aged
man, who had just entered the lobby.
"That's Barnes, wheat king," one
of the men said. "He's got severul
million dollarsmade it all speculat
ing In wheat since the war began. He
gets inside dope on which way the
market Is going."
"Why, I know him!" ie other
young man said. "We used to chum together at college. Do you wont to meet
the wheat king?"
The Iowa farmer was introduced. He went to dinner that night with the
three men. "Barnes" paid all bils, Including a visit to a wine garden and
taxlcab expenses. "Barnes" agreed t6 let the others in on his money-making
scheme. "Because you are good guys," he added.
A meeting at Shawnee, OkIa., was arranged for the following week.
The farmer cashed a draft for $15,000, which money he gave to "Barnes,"
with instructions to operate In the wheat market until the money was tripled.
"Barnes" told the farmer to meet him In two weeks In St. Louis, where the
money obtained from the "killing" would be divided. He waited at a St.
Louis hotel a week after the date of the appointment, but "Barnes^' failed
to appear. Then he went home, where the sheriff told the farmer he had
been victimized by "con game sharks."
Chief Phelan showed the farmer many pictures In the rogues' gallery at
police headquarters. The farmer could identify none of them.
Spoiled Youngsters' Dream of Royal Good Time
LOUIS.Two little boys with bristly hoircuts got off a train at the union
depot one day last week. Before they got anywhere at all they had to
answer a lot of questions asked by Pat O'Connell, who gets paid for hanging
around the depot because he Is, bar
none, the most Inquisitive policeman
in the city.
The children went to a hotelVnd
More suspicions were encountered
at the hotel and another policeman
was called in to ask questions.
"We're on our way to see our
aunty In Chicago," said the larger boy.
"We've never been there, but we'll
find the way all right Thanks Dor
bothering." The next day these same
boysbrothers they said they were, and they looked the partcalled at the
station and asked politely for their baggage. Pat O'Connell descended upon
them with a cry of triumph.
"Here they are again I" he shouted. 'Tve got a notion. Let*s look in tha
The desk sergeant did, and found two complete outfits of little girls*
Then the sergeant consulted a telegram from Tulsa, Okla., and wired
bdek to Frank Petersen, a consulting engineer, to come on and claim hla
Dorothy Petersen, thirteen (the big "boy" admitted she had cashed a
check for $115, made out to her mother's order, and had traveled from Tulsa
to St Loots with her sister, Helen, eight stopping on the way to gat the heir*
eat and the clothes that made brothers out of the sisters.
Dorothy had $27.50 left
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