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The Tomahawk. [volume] (White Earth, Becker County, Minn.) 1903-192?, December 05, 1918, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89064695/1918-12-05/ed-1/seq-1/

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Vol. XVI.
Justice and Fair Dealing for
every Indian who desires to
become a good Citizen.
Official Organ of the Minnesota
6US H. BEAUUEU, Founder.
White Earth Agency. Minnesota.
Entered at the Postofflce at White
Earth, Minn., as mail matter or the
second class.
6,000 SIX THOUSAND 6,000
Native Americans, Indians if you
please, in the Military Service of
the-United States, and this does
not include a large number in the
Navy. August 1st, 1918.
$493.98 was the amount invested
in War Savings and Thrift Stamps
at the White Earth postoffice for
the month of November. Not so
bad for a community of people, a
large number of whom have been
dubbed "incompetent" by the
"incompetent" board.
December 1st to 7th, has been
set aside by the United States
Food Administration as Conserva
tion Week for World Relief., The
jrar is over but there are millions
of people who are actually de
pendent on the bounty of the peo
ple of this great Republic for their
means of subsistence until such
time as conditions will again as
sume normal pwportions. Don't
forget the hungry and starving, a
small denial on your part may
serve to relieve their suffering,
especially during the winter
Roll out the car and take a drive
some dnywhen the roads get bet
ter and the weather, is warmer.
Take the road to Winnipeg, It is a
good broad highway built under
the direction of the state of Min
nesota. For miles you will slide
past magnificent farms, well fenced,
with mommoth barns, and beauti
fufhouses, fiuely cultivated and
highly productive Wheat went as
high and 53 bushels to the acre and
oats more than a hundred on some
of those farms last summer. The
surface is just rolling enough to be
well drained. The soil is deep and
rich. It is a sight to delight the
eye and uplift the soul.
But suddenly you will notice a
change. Instead of well kept fields
end fine homes you will notice
great stretches of virgin prairie,
with here and there weed-grown
patches that have "gone back."
The houses are UDpainted shacks
usually surrounded by a clutter of
broken buggies and farm machin
ery. Instead of sleek Percherons
you will see a few bony ponies.
The towns have the look of having
made an ambitious start, long ago
suddenly arrested. Big buildings
stand unpainted, with broken
windows and untenanted or occu
pied by a few pool tables or a
frowsy "soft drinks parlor."
As woo begin to notice the
change you will wonder the reason.
You will seek it in the soil. But
you will find the same deep, rich
Hack loam. The climate is no
different. You will make up your
Bind that this is still in the pioneer
Uge, think it the northern bound-
Defective Page
ary of older settlement. But pretty
soon your will pass again into a
thickly settled, prosperous terri
tory on the other side.
Then if you are new to Minne
sota you will come back and begin
to inquire. You will be told that
you were "in the Indian reserva
tion." But you have seen other
reservations aad the explanation
does not solve the problem. Then
you will learn of the Clapp amend
ment and its application.
You will learn that here an im
mense territory was occupied by a
few Chippewas. That in order to
permit of its* being settled and put
into cultivation Senator Clapp
succeeded in having passed a bill
permitting the adult mixed blood
Indians to sell their lands or mort
gage them. They will tell you
that the night before the law went
into effect there formed in front
of the banks in the reservation
towns long lines of Indians anx
ious to sell an 80 acres or to bor
row money with which to improve
or buy stock and machinery. And
equally long lines of white men
were about the land agents' head
quarters, ready to buy what was
for sale, Business boomed. Set
tlers went in to possess the prom
ised land. They broke the sod
and started houses and barns and
school houses and churches. Towns
grew and thrived.
Let it. be said that there was
dishonesty in isolated cases on both
sides. Indians were dispossessed
of their lands for slight recom
pense. Indians of full blood swore
they were of mixed blood and de
frauded white men of their money.
For the Indian defrauded there
was recourse. He was protected
by the courts, and proof that he
had received for his lands less than
they were worth made it necessary
for the purchaser to reimburse
him. The white man had no re
course. Let the Indian but swear
he was a full blood and the white
purchaser had lost all his money.
There were such cases on both
sides. But in the main the trans
actions were honest on both sides.
Then suddenly the Indian bureau
stepped in. It was announced
through all the papers that titles
to these lands were worthless
and they were made so. Lis pen
dens were tiled on every title by
the Indian agents. No more sales
could be made by anybody. The
purchasers protested, but their
plaints were of no avail. So the
matter dragged for years. Till at
last here just recently the Indian
office made up after a long and
expensive investigation a list of
the Indians who really are of
mixed blood and those of pure
blood. That was completed only
a few months ago. Now business
can go on again!
On your life it can not. That list
is a secret list in the archives of
the Indian bureau. The man who
bought of an Indian representing
himself to be of mixed blood must
settle with the Indian without
knowing whether the investigation
proves him of mixed blood or of
full blood. Only after the settle
ment is made is the fact made
public that the Indian is of mixed
A typical instance. A man went
into a reservation town. He work
ed hard and faithfully in his own
business and to build up the town
and country surrounding it, Show
ing his faith in the country, he in
vested his savings .in that land
When the crash came he held past sixteen years
deeds to several 80 acre tracts, has been waging an unequal fight,
which had cost him an average of single handed, against the enemies
$5 an acre, all that the land was
worth at that time. Lis pendens
was filed on every one of them.
He had been careful to buy only
of Indians whom be knew to be of
Truth before Favor."
mixed blood. But he was helpless.
He was not permitted to prove
that he bad a right to the land.
He was ruined. The matter drag
ged for years. Finally a few
weeks ago he was called before the
commission. "Do you want that
land!" he wa9 asked. "I certainly
do." You can have the first chance
at it. You may buy of the Indians
to whom it reverted at the ap
praised price?" "About what will
that be*" 'tAbout $18 or $20 an
acre." "Will I be credited with
the amount I originally paid him?"
"Not a doljar" He has not the
money with which to buy again at
present prices, the land of which
lone ago he was roboed. If he
had he could buy equally good
land at the same price elsewhere.
So that is why this immense
territory in a neighboring county
is still an unproducing waste, a
wilderness in the midst of smiling
But the tribal fund of the In
dians has paid during all these
years a horde of special agents
and investigators and commis
sioners and inspectors and the
Lord knows, what.
Many years ago, your grand
father will tell you, a western
tribe was given by the government
an immense fund to be paid in
annuities on consideration of the
tribe leaving the war path and
behaving themselves. But they
broke loose in revoltjustly en
ough perhaps for their money WHS
stolen by crooked agents and
grafters of every sortand laid
waste and massacred. And the
payment, of annuities was with
drawn. Years afterwards there
was elected in one of those states a
senator whose heart bled for those
simple red men. He introduced
and was instrumental in having
passed a law restoring those an
nuitieswith back pay for all that
had been withdeld. It amounted
to many millions. The bill bore a
provision for an attorney fee to be
paid out of the fund. It was for
25 per cent. To whom was it to
be paid? The man was named.
Was he an attorney? He had
never seen the inside of law
book. He was a druggist. He
was the husband of the sister of
the philanthropic senator who was
the friend of the Indians. The
law would not permit the senator
to vote on a bill by which a benetit
was to accrue to a relative. But a
brother-in law is not a relative.
The fact is that the administra
tion of Indian affairs has held back
both the Indian and the white
man, has kept fertile territories
lying waste, kept the Indian a
child in the law and corrupted the
white man who had dealings with
him. It has established and main
tained a horde of petty parasites,
who preyed not less upon the In
than upon the whites. Immense
amounts were appropriated from
the white man's money ostensibly
for the Indians' benetit, only to be
stolen'or squandered by a horde of
Turn the Indian loose. Give
him all he has creditrd him on the
books, make him a citizen with
the duties and powers and respon
sibilities of a citizen, and you will
benefit both the red man and bis
white neighbor Turu the Indian
loose,Detroit Herald.
A better and more prosperous
era is dawning for the people of
White Earth and the Chippewas
of Minnes"ta generally. For the
White Earth, Becker Cunty, Minnesota, Thursday, December 5, 9918.
of Indian rights, justice and liber
ty, including the streneous opposi
tion of the Indian bureau. About
34 years ago its predecessor, the
TBOGRESS, entered the arena and
Before its initial number was put
On the press, the servile henchman
of the Indian bureau, the U. S.
Indian agent, forcibly took posses
sion of the plant, secured orders
of eviction against the publisher
and editor and "smothered the
voice of Justice" for the period of
several months and until the auto
vratlc^agent was forced to appear
4*for the District Court at St.
Paul and show cause for his ar
rogant attempt of "muzzleing the
press." It took an intelligent jury
just fifteen minutes to bring in a
verdict in favor of the pugnacious
publisher and editor of The Pro
gress and the court rendered a
judgment for cost of action and
damages against the coercive aud
contemptible action of the Indian
agent. After three years of
plucky fighting for the rights and
liberty of the Minnesota Chippe
was, the Progress suspended pub
lication, having established the un
deniable fact that the White Earth
reservation was'a part and parcel
of the United States of American
land.that the people thereof were
endowed with certain "unalienable
rights" which were entitled to re
spect before the law and that In
dian agents, instead of being im
perial in authority weret no more
or no less than "the servants of
the Indians."
The great world war just ended
furnished a splendid opportunity
for the Indian, as well as the peo
ple of all nations, to prove the
worth and valor of their manhood.
And the 8,000 or more of brave,
loyal and patriotic sons of the fore
most Americans who took part in
the world conflict, in behalf of
liberty, humanity and world de-
mocracy, is conclusive proof of
the "peerless metal that men are
made of." And the Indian's lib
erality as manifested in the matter
of investment in Liberty Loan
Bonds, contributions to Red Cross,
Y. M. C. A. and other commend
able charitable war organizations
have won the gratitude of the
people of two continents. Concern
ing the Indian's interest in the
matter of charitable war organiza
tions we are pleased to quote,
from "editorial comment," pub
lished in the American Magazine,
which in part is as follows: "One
of the really fine things the In
dians are doing is the publication
of The American Indian Y. M. C.
A. Bulletin,' a paper founded by
a Shawnee Indian at Haskell In
stitute. The Indian boys make
good Y. M. C. A. workers and are
sending men to the battle line to
do work for the Association. One
of these men, L. S. Walkingstick,
who left his junior year at Dart
mouth to enter the service. Per
sonally he is one of thefinest|types
of the modern Indian of whom I
know. He walked into my office in
the Educational Building one day
and told me that he had been called
as secretary of the Y. M. C. A. in
Mesopatamia and was to serve the
British troops there. Is this not a
triumph of Democracy! What
finer illustration could one have of
the new internationalism? Here
we have an American Indian going
to Mesopotamia and contributing
to the spiritual and mental needs
of our aristocratic brother British-
Within the past two years or
more the sentiment of the people
When you want
the best
In Groceries, Dry Goods, Winter
Clothing, Footwear, etc., call on
We're right here every day in the year (except Sunday) to supply you
with any and everything you may need in
The B. L. Fairbanks
White Earth, flinnesota.
Published in behalf of, and
to secure the welfare of the
Indians of the United States.
So. 33.
likewise the public press have
changed materially for the better
and greatly in the Indian's favor.
The days of "the only good Indian
is the dead Indian" are practicrlly
a matter of history. The public
press generally is unstinted with
laudable praise of the "brawery
and loyalty of the native American
soldiery," likewise the unmeasured
liberality of the native American
in the matter of subscriptions to
the several Liberty Loans and con
tributions to the Red Cross and
other Icommendable work. Right
here we wish to express the ap
preciation of the Chippewas gen
erally for the many magnanimous
expressions of loyalty and devotion
tp the cause of justice and fair
play for the Indians, especially
the Minnesota Chippewas, and as
published by Mr. Geo. W. Kelly
in the Detroit Herald. THE TOMA
HAWK regrets to learn that Mr.
Kelly has relinquished the man
agement of the Herald but trusts
that under the management of the
new publishers, especially Mr.
Win. M. Wigham, the "silver
lining," in favor of the rights of
the Chippewas, and which has so
liberally developed in the columns
of the Herald, will continue to
herald the policy of "equality be
fore the law," liberty, humanity
and world democracy to all classes
of people who live within the
gracious precinct of the Stars and
Stripes, and the speedy abolish
ment of all governmental forms
favoring "segregation" in any
shape or form, especially the de
pressing influences of the Indian

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