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i. ,-iSwKfS Justice and Fair Dealing for every Indian who desires to become a good Citizen, THE TOMAHAWK. Official Organ of the Minnesota Chippewas. BUS H. BEMLIEU, Fowler. Edited IJ THE TOMAHAWK PUB. CO, Watte Earth Aocscy. Mlstcsata. Entered at the Poetofflce at White Earth, Minnr, as mail matter ot the second class. SmeMr-TIOI: S1.5I fEft-ttil AMAIC i %m "3= HOI-t of HONOR. ,000 SIX THOUSAHD 6,000 Native American*, Indians if you please, in the Military Service of the Unite* States, and this does not include a large number in the Navy. August 1st, 1918. The egotistic bunch of the In dian effice and field service have a wonderful idea of the. fitness of things. The Idea is this each in dividual-egotist when he dies and t-eeoroeras the angles of heaven, should be endowed with a spread of wing right up to the measure of the greatest inter*.tics in spare, and that he should be given trumpet exceeding in volume of tone that of the Angel Gabriel. The tired Chippewas think otherwise, their idea is thit Con gress should place them in a row each to receive %ne" in thel. BOLSHEVISM,. Tbe WaltersCaswellLufkins triumirate, an impromptu branch of the James I. Coffey cabal and brush council herd, were very busy here during the past week in efforts to collect money to deray the expenses of a HO-called dele-, gation which left on junket to Washington recently. From what we can understand the above trio, especially Walters and Lufkins, called upon such persons, old people mostly, who have funds to their credit in the agency office, ana" persuaded them under plausible (but not possible) prospects of the so-called delega tion accomplishing most wonder results for the especial benefit of the full-blood and non progressive elements of the Minnesota Chip pewss and in opposition to the regularly appointed delegates of the General Council of said Chip pewas, and that whatever funds were loaned to* them ould be re funded, but just bow was not defi nitely stated. It is reported that one of the peculiar features of this manner of collecting money is that aonie one of these three collectors above mentioned was possessed with a list of such people as have funds to their credit in the agency office and just how and by whom this list was furnished baa not been clearly established. Hereto fore we have been informed that tbe agency office bas been very, very discreet in conveying knowl edge of tbe amount and names of each persons as possessed trust funds to their credit and very exacting as,to the manner of such expenditures. But the most singular circum stance in connection with this sinister proceeding is the fact that ooe'of tbe moat active participant* of tbe trio and would be delegate, William Lafkios, is a reputedl refugee from justice. This man was arrested on or about October 29th, 1016, for flagrant violation of the reservation liquor law by Special Officer Dudley Fairbanks he eleuded his captors at Ogema, while waiting for the train, and escaped. From which date he has been missing from this section of the country until about a month when he again made bis appear ance on the reservation. Whether or not there is still a warrant pending for his arrest has not yet been definitely ascertained. This muchjs known however that since his return here, especially during recent dates, he seems to have en joyed unusual freedom and courtesy in and about'the agency office. For the benefit of refreshing the mem ory of pur readers concerning this man's past record we take occasion to republish the circumstance of his arrest and escape as published in THB TOMAHAWK of November 2nd, .1916, and we leave it to the judgement of the reservation people as Co whether or not they approve of such/ an element to transact their tribal affairs we don't think they do. (From Tux TOMAHAWK of November 2nd, 1816.) Wfl. lifkiis Arrested. But Escipis "William Lufkins, a notorious blind pigger and all-round violator of law, was arrested enroute to Ponsford lsst Sunday with a large supply of whiskey which he was no doubt going to sell to Indians. While waiting to take the train at Ogema the Special Officer "Dudley Fairbanks who arrested htm and nad him in charge left the room for a few minutes and when he returned Lufkins was.not in sight, anu*up to this time has not been caught. "For several years Lufkins has been generally known as a violator of United States liquor laws, but as bis brother, George Lufkins, was captain of Indian police, he plied his trade without interrup tion. "For their capture cf Lufkins the special officers are entitled to much credit, and it is hoped that when he is caught, regarding which there is no doubt will be the final result, the court will, if he is found guilty, give him the full penalty, so as to punish him' for his many misdeeds in the past. "Several years ago William Luf kins induced Ain deence to let him have a sufficient amount of money to purchase a bouse near Ogema which he used as a disreputable resort for women he imported into the reservation, and the place be came so notoriously bad that even the most ignorant Indian could not be induced by Lufkins to go there "Lufkins has had unusual advan tages, and be is one of the many graduates of Carlisle who has.not made good use of his education. By trade he is a printer. Had he devoted as much time and energy to his trade as he has in selling whiskey and violating laws gener ally, he undoubtedly would have, made a success of it." Just what representations were offered to exact money from such people as possessed trust funds in the agency office has not been definitely ascertained, suffice it is that this much is known an1 which reflects undue activity by official* of jthe agency office in tbe premises: On Tuesday, Deccember 17th, 1918, Bejamin Caswell, a servile henchman of the LinnenWads worthHinton triumverate, cashed several government checks, issued by agency officials and on the evening of the same day tbe so called delegation is reported to have departed for Washington. Now the-questiorn arises, by what authotity were these trust we B0T O checks, mentioned above, issued, and what Warrant, if any, is the money so loaned or appro priated, to be refunded. THE TOMAHAWK OFRCIAL ORGAN Of TH^ CHIPPEWAS. Sells Lauds Indians, Trutf befjtfMINNESOTA Favor. White Earth, Becker Cunty, Minnesota, Thursday, December 26, 1918. f|ft 8,009 JtlMd Colors, Riei Ow Boil for Eiori Mopktr will the not begrudge Mr. Sells his adaptation of the nursery rhyme and will lot him sing his own praise. We take theoattitude wn Washington, D. C.Tho Ameri can Indian by enlisting in the army and navy, by subscribing liberally to the Liberty loans, by increasing field the production of foodstuffs on In dian lands and by contributing to relief agencies greatly aided the United States and the Allies in winning the war, declared Cato .Sells, leommissioner of Indian affairs, recently, in his annual re port. Mr. Sells said that out of 33,000 eligible for military duty more than 6,500 entered the army, 1,000 enlisted in the navy anc 500 were in other war work. More than 6,000 of the enlistments were- vol- untary. Liberty bonds were bought, Mr. Sells said, until In dians now hold the equivalent of one $50 bond for every man, woman and child ot their race io4 the nation. Through it ail, Commissioner Sells declared, anew view of life and his responsibilities is coming to the Indian. "J- The-policy adopted in 1917, of giving control of their own affaire to as many of the Indians a* possi ble, has proved successful and fully justified, the report declares. Ex. "Little Jack Horner Sat in a corner Eating a bit of pie, He put in his thumb And drew out a plume, *See what a brave boy am I." Mr. Sella has assumed a Horner ian attitude and dates his begin ning pf exaltation from 1917* This assumes that his previous record held nothing therein, to boast upon. We agree with him here if his date tells a story of pre-war achievement in behalf of the In dians. We will go further how ever and say that since 1917 And up to this time he has done tooth ing for the Indian of self -respect. Instead of giving him control of his own affairs he has persistently tried to keep him attached to lead ing strings. He probably has done something for the non-progressive by feeding him dog biscuit from the warehouse. We are willing to concede him a* paternalistic solicitude and care for the lodian who is content to live in the atmosphere of past ages. Mr- Sells give* figures of what the loyal Indian has done by voir untary enlistment and large sub scription to Liberty Loans, an^ we here give full credence to bis statistics. "Through it all." declares Mr, Sells, "a new view of life and his responsibilities is coming to the Indian." The better Indian has long had high views of life and its serious responsibilities, and has, Io these mauy years, endeavored to bring the Indian Office to his poiut of view. Io this he has not met with the success be merited. Mr. Sells has been as reactionary as his predecssors, having inherited the traditions of tbe Bureau end met with the persistencies of, ring within, a body of chiefs of divisions constituting an "empire within an empire." Of late Congress hss seen fit to assist the Indian to realise life, and to shoulder responsibilities, and when the Indian bas bis day it be doe to Congress and not to Indian Office. In the meantime we 'will of th Yorkshireman being ridiculee for allowing his wife to beat him around, said: "It pleases she and don't hurt I." It pleases Mr. Sells to sing a song of self adulation and it does'ot hurt us. The honorable commissioner and forces may continue their self plaudits in such words as Mr. 3ella has enunciated, but we refuse to swallow tbe libretto of their grand opera in any view of serious ness, while we allow the jingle of the tune. This Indian's Name is on Your Liberty Bond. The next time you get to feeling morbid about your modest income and your boastful expenses, go get your Liberty bond and study it carefully. On the face thereof you will find only two signatures one, that of Secretary of the Treasury William G. McAdoo the other, that of Register of the Treasury Houston B. Teehee Be hind this lattername lies the story of an American Indian and his struggle towards success which should bean inspiration to even the humblest of us, The name Teehee is not right fully a name at all. It is a nick name. When Mr. Teehee's father fought for the Union in the Civil War, his companions hnd difficulty in pronouncing his Indian name "Di-hi-bi" (meaning killer), so tbey compromised by calling bim "Teehee." And this became tbe family name. Hence we have Houston B. Teehee entering the world via the unpromising surroundings of a Cherokee Indian Reservation in Sequoyah County, Oklahoma, on October 31st, 1874, with not much to commend him to fortune but himself. Not only was his very name picked up from the patois of a battlefield, bat the American Government branded bim, in com mon with all his brethren, unfit M.,d incompetent to m-tnage his own affairs,, and- said Mr. Teehee at his office in Washington the other day. "For, though I was right as though I were io the heart of France or some other foreign land, When you want the best In Groceries, Dry Goods, Winter Clothing, Footwear, etc., call on us. We're right here every day in the year (except Sunday) to supply you with any and everything you may need in THE BEST AND PUREST GROCERIES IN THE MARKET. The B. L. Fairbanks Company, White Earth, riinnesota3 Published in behalf of, and to secure the welfare of the Indians of the United States. set a guardian over bim in the guise of *a com missioner. When the boy got old enough to think it over, he resented this treatment, and determined to show tbe Government where, in his case at least, it was wrong. He took all the schooling he could get at the government classes in the old Cherokee Nation during the eigh teen years he spent on Jiis father's farm. There was English spoken on the reservation, and it was an extremely difficult study for him to master, but young Teehee stuck to his lessons and won his coveted knowledge. At eighteen be went to the Cherokee National Male Seminiry, studied there two years, tbej plunged into the English-speaking world about him via Fort Worth University at Fort Worth, Texas. Learning the English language was t^e most difficult thing I had to do/1 WOWMi soaeir No. 36. *o far as the English language was concerned The only way I Joould continue the study of my country's language after leaving the school room in tbe evening was by read iufi. This 1 did." Backed by the knowledge he had gained in the grade school, young Teehee tllerked in a store on the reservation during his spare time until he hud saved enough for his year at Fort Worth. After that he went back to the store, where he plugged along at a few dollar* a week until 1906, when he got a job as cashier in a local bank and began to study law. In 1910 Teehee informed the Secretary of the Interior that he considered himself quite capable of getting along without a govern ment guardian, and, on proving this to the secretary's satisfaction, the restrictions on the management of his own affairs were removed and with what result you may see by glancing over your Liberty Continued on 8th. Page.) TO TRAPPERS AND TRADERS. FUR Send us your raw furs this sea son. It will be to your interest to deal with us. We have a most ex cellent outlet for furs, which en* ables us to pay the very highest price. On shipments of fifty dol lars and over we will wire valua tion, If so desired by shipper. Write us for price list and tags. Ingval Redalen & Son The fastest growing fur house in the Northwest Lanesboro, Minn. Adv.