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39S Early Hatched Barred Plymouth Rock. cold, hunger and thirst, foul air and dampness, and diseases and parasites. 4. Keep standhrd-bred, utility stock. There are five good breeds for the farm: Plymouth' Rock, Rhode Island Bed, Leghorn, Wyandotte and Orping ton. Varieties of these have been bred for heavy egg production. There are other good breeds for those who pre fer them. 5. Breed from the best, both male and female. There are many signs of vigor and high production. 6. Sell unprofitable stock. 7. Market graded products. Maxi mum returns are secured from graded -products. Markets demand a constant supply, and this calls for community ^o-operation. These seven steps will load to suc cess. History of America's Part in War Kept in Diary Form The history of the operations of the American army In France will be writ ten with a detail never possible In any previous war. Provision for obtaining the most intimate information of the action of each unit of the army was made by the war department in order ing "war diaries" to be kept by desig nated officers of each unit. The in formation thus obtained. General March, chief of staff, said would fur nish a day-to-day and hour-by-hour his tory of the war so far as the American expeditionary forces are concerned, i "The historic public narrative," Gen eral March said, "will be so complete that It will be Impossible for anybody to add to It. It will be a day-by-day and hour-by-hour record of all actions until demobilization." Bringing Back" Victims of Shell Shock Stvenuou* Training Adopted at Fort Sheridan Hospital to Return Sanity of Men Afflicted on Battlefields The medical department of the array is entering Im* one of the biggest reconstruction problems that ever has confronted it. It is the problem of reclaiming "shell shockers" by means of physical training and development. The practice is being tried out at the new Fort Sheridan reconstruction hos- pital. It is under the direction of Lieut. Col. Theodore S. Proxmire, head of the hospital. Maj. George W. Woodnick is the athletic director of the hospital and Charlie White, lightweight prize fighter, is in charge of the exer- cises. Capt. F. A. Walters is in charge of the shell-shock ward. Already 40 cases have been received from France. All of these men were in some stage of temporary insanity as a result of shock. The theory on which the work is being done is that physical development first and mental development later will bring about recovery. The first exercise, the men are put through is rope skipping. Then comes handball. This is strenuous. After that comes light work in basket ball, boxing and the like. Every day the amount of work is Increased until finally the man will be getting the same amount of work as a boxer in training for a big match. In some cases recovery is effected in as short a time as ten days. This has been the fact in a number of cases at the new base. The men are then sent home on a furlough to rest up. Of the 40 cases In the hospital only a small percentage are violent. But even these work out under guard. Some will only work to music. Some prefer ragtime, while others show a liking for the classics. Meanwhile work is going forward at a rapid rate on the new buildings of the hospital, which will be equipped to care for 1,600 men. The final capacity Is to be 5,000. Buildingstemporary wooden structuresare being built all over the historic parade grounds. MM"i"l"M'1i 'M'l'l'4"fr't"t"i"l"l"M"Mi'l' I STEPS TO SUCCESS |N POULTRY CULTURE! 1. Keep accurate records. Little progress can be made without this first step. The average monthly and yearly egg production, cost of feed and in come from the flock should be known. 2. Feed a properly balanced ration. Such a ration furnishes nutrients for growth, maintenance, fattening and eggs. The production of eggs must be a constant aim. a. Give proper care and comfort by good housing and management. Dis comforts are: Extremes of heat and :i Metals in small coins. The nickel 5-cent piece Is made of an alloy of 25 per cent nickel and 75 per cent copper. In a 1-cent piece there is 95 per cent copper and 5 per cent tin and sine. SHORT SAYINGS People seldom appreciate any thing they can afford. A cheek of brass enables many a man to acquire gold. It's useless to be In a hurry unless you can make it conta gious. It isn't always the best cook who prepares the fanciest dishes. Money makes the mare go and the automobile makes the money go. Many a man would never be heard of were it not for his oblt notice. Conservation of Fuel May Be Made By Using Furnace Fire to Cook Some Dishes An easy way to conserve fuel in cooking is by utilizing the furnace fire. Dishes that can be cooked in a casserole are becoming more and more popular and the furnace offers an economical way of preparing them. Every furnace has, just within the coaling door, a wide ledge capable of holding a good-sized Vessel. This ledge is an excellent plade for cook ing dishes which require slow baking or a sort of stewing. Beans as pre pared in New England are deliclously cooked on this ledge. For them an earthen pot is even better than a cas serole. It should be large enough to contain an extra amount of water, for the evaporation is more rapid in so highly-heated a place than in a stove or range oven. A bean-pot, an earthenware vessel with a handle making it look almost like a mug, is the best kind of uten sil as it has something by which it can be moved. The shape nnd size of the benn-pot leaves space on the ledge for.some other vessel. Puddings and escnlloped dishes can be well-cooked and soup can be made to simmer if the fire is at a low temperature. Casserole cook ery also adapts Itself to furnace prep aration especially In the unglazed for eign casseroles. The glazed articles may crock In time under such heat as glows in a furnace. 1,500,000 Habitual Users of Narcotics in Country Despite Harrison Antinarcotic Law No report of recent years will sur prise the casual reader so much as that made to the United States con gress by a special committee investi gating the use of narcotics, observes a writer in the Houston Post. According to that report there are no fewer than 1,500,000 habitual user* of narcotics In this countryand this in spite of the Harrison antinarcotic law in force for several years. The Investigators say that 1,000,000 people are known ns users of drugs and that 500,000 are. secretly addicted to the habit. They say that within the former draft ages of twenty-one to thirty-one are found 200,000 known users of the drug In the state of New York among the men alone. They sny that thousands formed the habit after they were drafted (p. or-, dor to Insure their rejection from the army. They sny that in spite of all pres ent laws the use of morphine, co caine, heroin and similar medicines and drugs is increasing more rapid ly than ever before in the history of this country. They say that it is necessary imme diately to pass more stringent laws for the protection of people from the "dope" vender. Flying Tanks Prove Strong Factor in Ending World War The flying tank was a strong fac tor In ending the war. An armor plated scout machine,- Invulnerable against ordinary ground fir?, speedy and with remarkable climbing power, it was used almost exclusively for ground-strnfingthe most demoralis ing of any form of warfare. The "flying tank" got far behind the Ger man lines to where great bodies of the retreating German forces were waiting or moving. Wherever they attacked they demoralized the enemyand with the minimum of danger to the fliers. Where Cotton Grows Best Cotton grows best in low coastal land in tropical latitudes. It is a native of Asia, likes light soil in warm, frost less climates, and requires plenty of moisture and salt. Potatoes in High Altitude. Throughout the Andean plateau po tatoes are cultivated at altitudes where even the hardest grains and vegetables will not grow. Salt Lake Is 75 Miles Long, 30 to 50 Miles Wide, and Has An Average Depth of 20 Feet Perhaps no salt ponds anywhere la the world possess so many natural ad vantages as the Great Salt. Lake, says Stanley W. Todd, in Popular Me chanics Magazine. Lying as it does in one of the great valleys of the Rock ies, on the eastern edge of the great basin, the lake extends north and south for 75-miles, while its width va ries from 30 to 50 miles. It has an average depth of 20 feet and is 4,218 feet above the sea level. There is lit* tie rainfall throughout the year, and the ever-present sun, together with the 1 1 at shores, contribute to the ideal con ditions of summer operation. The lake has no .outlet and the water is as nearly saturated with salt as it con be without crystallizing. Great strides have been made in recent years in the methods of making high-grade salt, both by the grainer and vacuum pan processes. Solar evaporation and grainer methods are used at Salt Lake, the mill being located at a place call ed Saltair. During the season when the harvesting is under way, the water is pumped from the'lake at the rate of from 10,000 to 12,000 barrels a day, the pumping being,carried on from ten to 14 hours. Hieroglyphics to Be Found in California Are Believed Older Than Those in Egypt Amateur* archeologlsts of Bishop, Cal., are endeavoring to Interest profes sional scientists, of the East in the epigraphs which abound on the rocks of Round valley, not far from that city, and which are believed to be as old, If not older, than the hieroglyphics of earlier Egypt, to which they bear a strange resemblance. It is believed by mdny that the strange markings constituted the names by which ancient tribes marked the sources of water supply for the benefit of those of their number who lived, roving lives. Thtflte hieroglyphics have never been deciphered, although they are matters of record in the leading museums of the country, It is said. The Indian tribes now living in their vicinity de clare they are the work of the In dians of North America and that they antedate all aboriginal lore. Some whp have examined the strange markings in the flinty bowlders say the hieroglyphics closely resemble those of earliest Egypt and may re place the latter as. the first written language of humanity. They are found always in the vi cinity' of water supplies. i I 1 t"H 1 111 111 lilt III Mother's Cook Book 5 Ffin inn HI* And you the marble statue all the time They praise and point at as preferred to l"e. Yet leave for the first breathing woman's cheek. Meals for the Family. It Is a wise plan to have a dozen o* more ways of using stale bread crumbs where they may be easily referred to, in order to avoid repealing the same dish until it becomes tiresome. Any crusts or small bits of bread if placed in the warming oven to dry may then be put through the "meal grinder and are ready for countless dishes. THE TOMAHAWK, WHITE EABfH, MINN. 't Crumb Ice Cream. Take one quart of medium crean\ one tablespoonful of vanilla, one tea spoonful of almond extract and on*/ and a half cupfuls of strained honey. Chill and freeze until thick and mushy, then open the freezer and add one cupful of brown bread crumbs. Con tinue freezing until firm. Remove the dasher and pack to ripen. With the need for careful saving of flour somewhat* over we will still use other cereals because we have learned their value and because they lend va riety to our diet. For the hot griddle cake to servs for the morning meal there is none which Is better liked than that made from corn flour. If one is fortunate enough to have on hand plenty of but termilk the cakes wtil be still better. Beat one egg, add enough buttermilk to make a batter with corn flour suf ficient to satisfy the family, adding a teaspoonful of soda for each pint f buttermilk nhd salt enough to make them palatable. Beat weli and fry on a lightly greased griddle. Cook them as thin as possible. Queen of Puddings. Soak one cupful of stale but no* dried bread crumbs in three cupfnli of hot milk, add two tahlespoonfuls of butter, the yolks of four eggs beaten with one-half cupful of sugar, and a teaspoonful of vanilla with a cupful of corn sirup. Pour Into a buttered baking dish and bake forty-five min utes or until set. When the pudding is done spread it with a layer of Jelly or Jam and cover with a merlngne using the whites of the eggs and a lit tle powdered sugar. Brown and serve hot or cold. Bread Crumb Griddle Cakes. Take one and a half cupfuls of bread crumbs, two cupfuls of sour milk and let stand over night In the morning add an egg. a teaspoonful of soda, half teaspoonful'of salt and corn flour to make's thin batter beat well and fry on a hot greased griddle. |MP^ Dried Fruits Instead of Candy Br Ae United Stales Department of Agriculture A HANDY HOME-MADE DRYER. Home cook-stove dryers in Oregon are considered a very necessary piece of furniture by the women In home-demonstration agent counties, where they hv learned of the many uses. In one section dainty boxes of home-dried fruits have been prepared for Christmas gifts and to send to the boye in camps. Instead ofcandy, the children of this same section use the dried fruits to satisfy their natural craving for sweets. WORLDS LARGEST GIFT Enormous Sum Raked in United War Work Campaign Total subscriptions to the United War Work campaign were $203,179,- 038, or 932,679,038 in excess of the amount originally asked by the seven war relief organizations, for their work during demobilization of the ar my and navy, according to an official announcement by the national cam paign committee. This is the largest sum ever raised as an outright gift In the history of the world. Fourteen states pledged 15 per cent in excess of their quotas, Arizona heading the list with 248 per cent. A feature of the campaign was the manner In which men of the army and navy themselves, and the inhabitants of foreign countries contributed to the fund. The army and navy gave $618,- 136. China gave $1,000,000 Russia, $11,000 Cuba, $275,000 Japan, $360,- 000 Mexico, $114,000, and Porto Rico, $82,000. Sodium Fluorid Found to Be Most Effective Substance to Kill the Bothersome Roaphes Government entomologists, by study of the habits of roaches, have found that these insects frequently cleanse their legs and antennae when any dirt or powder comes in contact with these appendages. These are at once drawn through the mouth parts of the Insects and in this way cleaned. As a result, a certain amount of any powdered substance applied directly to a roach or through which it may crawl is taken Into the mouth and presently, wheth er distasteful or not, finds its way Into the stomach. Therefore It is not necessary to mix a stomach poison in powdered form with an attractive bait, since the chances are much greater, that the poison will reach the stomach through Its habit of cleansing Itself than through the eating of poison bait. Sodium fluorid, according to the United States department of agricul ture, was found to be the most rapid killer of roaches of all the substances tested. Pyrethrum powder, pure, killed practically all roaches within 48 hoars, but Its effectiveness wss greatly reduced when sl|ghtly diluted. Borax was found to he very slow and was only partially effective in kitch en tests. Thirty-eight miscellaneous materials were found to he Ineffective. More Than 8,000,000 Red Cross Workers During War American Red Cross workers dur ing the war knitted 14/169,000 gar ments for the army and navy, accord ing to a report made public by the headquarters of the organization, in addition the workers turned out 25,- 193,000 surgical dressings 22^55,- 000 hospital garments, 1,444,000 refu gee garments. The work was done un der the direction of 3370 chapters of the Red Cross with more than 31,000 branches and auxiliaries, embracing more tban 8,000,000 workers. ItUttteteHWWHtMtIi* POPULAR SCIENCE Electrically operated, a com bined brush and vacuum ma- 5 chine has been Invented for cleaning blackboard erasers. 2 Tubes made of glass have been invented in Europe for handling petroleum, gasoline and some 9 gases in place of rubber tubing. $ The heating value of one cord of season xl hickory, oak, beech, birch, hard maple, ash, dm, lo cust or cherry wood about equals that of one ton of coaL Plan on Foot to Reclaim Dismal Swamp, Picturesque Haunt of the Naturalists Dismal swamp, which lies just south of Norfolk, Va., partly In that state and partly In North Carolina, is one of the most picturesque wildernesses in the eastern United States. Although it may be reached from the busy port, of Norfolk within a few hours by a boat which plies dally up and down a small canal, the Dismal swamp re mains an unspoiled wilderness where black bears and panthers still roam, while the smaller creatures of the wild exist in abundance. The thick jungles and bottomless bogs at once offer perfect hiding places for .the wild things and ob stacles to the hunter which are often impassable. Then, too, the swamp is alive with snakesthe deadly copper head and moccasin being especially abundantand this fact alone detracts considerably from the popularity of the place as a pleasure resort. It is nevertheless regularly visited by some hardy hunters, and is the de light of naturalists and scientists of all kinds, who here find what they most loveunspoiled primitive nature. The Dismal swamp has great possi bilities of future usefulness. In the first place, it contains some of the deepest and richest deposits of peat in the United States, and this fuel is undoubtedly tb be used in this coun try in the near future. Furthermore, engineers say that the swamp can be drained, and, that it will then beconie one of the richest bits of farm land in America. Indeed, one man has al ready demonstrated this by draining a few hundred acres of the swamp and raising phenomenal crops on it. Peat Is Used in Place of Cotton Surgical Dressing Peat is so antiseptic and absorbent that it is used as a dressing for wounds, and is an excellent substitute for medicated cotton. This fact was recognized many years ago in Europe, where sphagnum peat is now exten sively used in preparing surgical, dressings. According to a scientist who has made a detailed study of peat deposits in the northern United States, there are many square miles of sphag num bog in the northern counties of Minnesota, Wisconsin and Michigan that would supply material suitable for antiseptic applications, it will not be necessary to Incur the expense of deep excavation, for immense quanti ties of sphagnum can be taken from the upper parts of the deposits. Sphag num peat is also abundant in Maine, and some is found in New York and Pennsylvania. More Storms in Midwinter. According to the records of the weather bureau storms are not especi ally prevalent at the time of either the vernal or the autumnal equinox. The greatest number of storms occur in midwinter and the fewest in mid summer and the number at the time of the equinoxes Is about midway be tween these extremes. Cleanest Town in tne World. It Is stated that the cleanest town in the world is Brock, in Holland. It has been famous for its cleanliness from time immemorial. The yards and streets, are paved with polished stones intermingled with bricks of various colors. Alaskan Red Cross. In the last membership campaign conducted by the Red Cross, Alaska obtained as members 94 per cent of the entire population, this being fully twice the percentage secured by sny Alaska College Will Train Its Graduates te Develop Agriculture and Mining The new Alaska Agricultural college and School of Mines under construc tion at Fairbanks, Alaska, about 109 miles from the arctic clrele, will train its graduates to help develop Alaska along its two main linesagriculture and mining. Authorities assert this northern soil holds big things in both food and metals. Both United States government and Alaska territorial funds are being used by the college. Congress, in 1915, des ignated a site for the school and set aside agricultural and mining lands in the Tanama valley for the support of the institution. Legislature voted $60,- 000 for the construction and purchase of equipment. An annual congression al appropriation of $50,000 is expected to help maintain the school. The Fairbanks United States gov ernment agricutural station, now lo cated on the college site, will become part of the new institution and will continue to draw its revenue pr sup port from the federal government. The site is high on a hill overlook ing the city of Fairbanks, the Tanana river and the railroad, the United States government is building between Seward and Fairbanks. I Democracy Great mother of a new-born nuje. All earth shall be our dwell&iffftlaee Democracy, thy holy name Shall set the continents aflame, Shall thrill the islands of tbfeea, And keep thy children ever sfee., From God's eternal universe Shalt thou remove the primal, curse Which man upon his fellow-man Imposed since first the world began Away with slaves, deprived o? rights, And lily-fingered parasites! For thus the new-world purpose we Can, step by step, unfolded see Columbus sailed, at God's fceh&ot, From lands by wicked kings omressed His messenger, to search the earth And find the place for Freedom's* birth. Then rose up peerless Washington, With many another a dauntless son. Whose spirit, caught beyond the blue. Encompassed France, and Europe, too. Until the purpose of the Lord Was plainly written with the sword. Out of It allDemocracy! The final word of God's decree. To carry out his cherished plan Of peace on earth, good wiH to man. Therefore, arise, ye people, slug This heaven-born and glorious thftip? William Mill Butler. Pershing Had No Promotion For Seven Years After His Graduation Front West Point For seven years after his gradua tion from West Point Pershing re ceived no promotion. Nevertheless, with customary grit, he applied himself to master his pro fession. He became an authority on military tactics, and was sent t6 West Point as an instructor. He was there when the Spanish-American war broke out and immediately applied for a command.'' The war department sent him to the Tenth cavalry, a negro troop, as a first lieutenant, and then his rise began, His troop went to' Cuba. He led It at the battle of El Caney, and came out of that engage ment a captain "for gallantry ifl ac- tion." Then he went to the Philip pines. In 1906,. in recognition of his abil ity, President Roosevelt made him a brigadier general and jumped him over the heads of 862 men. The boy who had won his way to West Point by one point, the young man who had been given no promotion for seven yearsthink of that, you fellows whs grumble- that nobody takes notice of how hard you workhad at last'come Into his own.Boys* Life. *MiiiniinnnM. IT IS TO SMILE 1 HI iimmimum ir* Iffr The Difference. "Young Knowitall says he earns $200 a week nt that job." "What a good salary "Oh, his salary Is only fSO a month.** The Cheerful Optimist. "Shall we ever communicate with the distant piaa etsr "Sure. I expect to see people com moting as far as Saturn." Time to Cease. "What are you going to say about Flubdub's new novel?" -Nothing," replied' the critic. "There's been enough wilt paper wasted as it is." The Cause. "There is some thing very queer about this oyster stew. Can yon tell what isr "rm not sure, but I think I no ticed some oysters in it" A Word of Warntos. "Have you Aesop's Fables?" "Yes." "I hear the book is good. Pretty snappy, eh?" "It's a good book of its kind," re plied the salesman. "However, I must warn yon that it la sot written Is T* If w W miiinmm t'