Early Hatched Barred Plymouth Rock.
cold, hunger and thirst, foul air and
dampness, and diseases and parasites.
4. Keep standhrd-bred, utility stock.
There are five good breeds for the
farm: Plymouth' Rock, Rhode Island
Bed, Leghorn, Wyandotte and Orping
ton. Varieties of these have been bred
for heavy egg production. There are
other good breeds for those who pre
5. Breed from the best, both male
and female. There are many signs of
vigor and high production.
6. Sell unprofitable stock.
7. Market graded products. Maxi
mum returns are secured from graded
-products. Markets demand a constant
supply, and this calls for community
These seven steps will load to suc
History of America's Part
in War Kept in Diary Form
The history of the operations of the
American army In France will be writ
ten with a detail never possible In any
previous war. Provision for obtaining
the most intimate information of the
action of each unit of the army was
made by the war department in order
ing "war diaries" to be kept by desig
nated officers of each unit. The in
formation thus obtained. General
March, chief of staff, said would fur
nish a day-to-day and hour-by-hour his
tory of the war so far as the American
expeditionary forces are concerned,
i "The historic public narrative," Gen
eral March said, "will be so complete
that It will be Impossible for anybody
to add to It. It will be a day-by-day
and hour-by-hour record of all actions
Bringing Back" Victims of Shell Shock
Stvenuou* Training Adopted at Fort Sheridan Hospital to Return
Sanity of Men Afflicted on Battlefields
The medical department of the array is entering Im* one of the biggest
reconstruction problems that ever has confronted it. It is the problem of
reclaiming "shell shockers" by means of physical training and development.
The practice is being tried out at the new Fort Sheridan reconstruction hos-
pital. It is under the direction of Lieut. Col. Theodore S. Proxmire, head of
the hospital. Maj. George W. Woodnick is the athletic director of the
hospital and Charlie White, lightweight prize fighter, is in charge of the exer-
cises. Capt. F. A. Walters is in charge of the shell-shock ward.
Already 40 cases have been received from France. All of these men
were in some stage of temporary insanity as a result of shock. The theory
on which the work is being done is that physical development first and mental
development later will bring about recovery.
The first exercise, the men are put through is rope skipping. Then comes
handball. This is strenuous. After that comes light work in basket ball,
boxing and the like. Every day the amount of work is Increased until finally
the man will be getting the same amount of work as a boxer in training for
a big match.
In some cases recovery is effected in as short a time as ten days. This
has been the fact in a number of cases at the new base. The men are then
sent home on a furlough to rest up.
Of the 40 cases In the hospital only a small percentage are violent. But
even these work out under guard. Some will only work to music. Some
prefer ragtime, while others show a liking for the classics.
Meanwhile work is going forward at a rapid rate on the new buildings of
the hospital, which will be equipped to care for 1,600 men. The final capacity
Is to be 5,000. Buildingstemporary wooden structuresare being built all
over the historic parade grounds.
I STEPS TO SUCCESS
|N POULTRY CULTURE!
1. Keep accurate records. Little
progress can be made without this first
step. The average monthly and yearly
egg production, cost of feed and in
come from the flock should be known.
2. Feed a properly balanced ration.
Such a ration furnishes nutrients for
growth, maintenance, fattening and
eggs. The production of eggs must be
a constant aim.
a. Give proper care and comfort by
good housing and management. Dis
comforts are: Extremes of heat and
Metals in small coins.
The nickel 5-cent piece Is made of
an alloy of 25 per cent nickel and 75
per cent copper. In a 1-cent piece
there is 95 per cent copper and 5 per
cent tin and sine.
People seldom appreciate any
thing they can afford.
A cheek of brass enables
many a man to acquire gold.
It's useless to be In a hurry
unless you can make it conta
It isn't always the best cook
who prepares the fanciest
Money makes the mare go and
the automobile makes the money
Many a man would never be
heard of were it not for his oblt
Conservation of Fuel May
Be Made By Using Furnace
Fire to Cook Some Dishes
An easy way to conserve fuel in
cooking is by utilizing the furnace
fire. Dishes that can be cooked in a
casserole are becoming more and more
popular and the furnace offers an
economical way of preparing them.
Every furnace has, just within the
coaling door, a wide ledge capable of
holding a good-sized Vessel. This
ledge is an excellent plade for cook
ing dishes which require slow baking
or a sort of stewing. Beans as pre
pared in New England are deliclously
cooked on this ledge. For them an
earthen pot is even better than a cas
serole. It should be large enough to
contain an extra amount of water, for
the evaporation is more rapid in so
highly-heated a place than in a stove
or range oven.
A bean-pot, an earthenware vessel
with a handle making it look almost
like a mug, is the best kind of uten
sil as it has something by which it
can be moved.
The shape nnd size of the benn-pot
leaves space on the ledge for.some
other vessel. Puddings and escnlloped
dishes can be well-cooked and soup
can be made to simmer if the fire is
at a low temperature. Casserole cook
ery also adapts Itself to furnace prep
aration especially In the unglazed for
eign casseroles. The glazed articles
may crock In time under such heat as
glows in a furnace.
1,500,000 Habitual Users of
Narcotics in Country Despite
Harrison Antinarcotic Law
No report of recent years will sur
prise the casual reader so much as
that made to the United States con
gress by a special committee investi
gating the use of narcotics, observes
a writer in the Houston Post.
According to that report there are
no fewer than 1,500,000 habitual user*
of narcotics In this countryand this
in spite of the Harrison antinarcotic
law in force for several years.
The Investigators say that 1,000,000
people are known ns users of drugs
and that 500,000 are. secretly addicted
to the habit.
They say that within the former
draft ages of twenty-one to thirty-one
are found 200,000 known users of the
drug In the state of New York among
the men alone.
They sny that thousands formed the
habit after they were drafted (p. or-,
dor to Insure their rejection from
They sny that in spite of all pres
ent laws the use of morphine, co
caine, heroin and similar medicines
and drugs is increasing more rapid
ly than ever before in the history of
They say that it is necessary imme
diately to pass more stringent laws
for the protection of people from the
Flying Tanks Prove Strong
Factor in Ending World War
The flying tank was a strong fac
tor In ending the war. An armor
plated scout machine,- Invulnerable
against ordinary ground fir?, speedy
and with remarkable climbing power,
it was used almost exclusively for
ground-strnfingthe most demoralis
ing of any form of warfare. The
"flying tank" got far behind the Ger
man lines to where great bodies of the
retreating German forces were waiting
or moving. Wherever they attacked
they demoralized the enemyand with
the minimum of danger to the fliers.
Where Cotton Grows Best
Cotton grows best in low coastal land
in tropical latitudes. It is a native of
Asia, likes light soil in warm, frost
less climates, and requires plenty of
moisture and salt.
Potatoes in High Altitude.
Throughout the Andean plateau po
tatoes are cultivated at altitudes where
even the hardest grains and vegetables
will not grow.
Salt Lake Is 75 Miles Long,
30 to 50 Miles Wide, and Has
An Average Depth of 20 Feet
Perhaps no salt ponds anywhere la
the world possess so many natural ad
vantages as the Great Salt. Lake, says
Stanley W. Todd, in Popular Me
chanics Magazine. Lying as it does in
one of the great valleys of the Rock
ies, on the eastern edge of the great
basin, the lake extends north and
south for 75-miles, while its width va
ries from 30 to 50 miles. It has an
average depth of 20 feet and is 4,218
feet above the sea level. There is lit*
tie rainfall throughout the year, and
the ever-present sun, together with the
1 1 at shores, contribute to the ideal con
ditions of summer operation.
The lake has no .outlet and the water
is as nearly saturated with salt as it
con be without crystallizing. Great
strides have been made in recent years
in the methods of making high-grade
salt, both by the grainer and vacuum
pan processes. Solar evaporation and
grainer methods are used at Salt Lake,
the mill being located at a place call
ed Saltair. During the season when
the harvesting is under way, the water
is pumped from the'lake at the rate
of from 10,000 to 12,000 barrels a day,
the pumping being,carried on from ten
to 14 hours.
Hieroglyphics to Be Found
in California Are Believed
Older Than Those in Egypt
Amateur* archeologlsts of Bishop,
Cal., are endeavoring to Interest profes
sional scientists, of the East in the
epigraphs which abound on the rocks
of Round valley, not far from that
city, and which are believed to be as
old, If not older, than the hieroglyphics
of earlier Egypt, to which they bear a
It is believed by mdny that the
strange markings constituted the
names by which ancient tribes marked
the sources of water supply for the
benefit of those of their number who
lived, roving lives.
Thtflte hieroglyphics have never been
deciphered, although they are matters
of record in the leading museums of
the country, It is said. The Indian
tribes now living in their vicinity de
clare they are the work of the In
dians of North America and that they
antedate all aboriginal lore.
Some whp have examined the
strange markings in the flinty bowlders
say the hieroglyphics closely resemble
those of earliest Egypt and may re
place the latter as. the first written
language of humanity.
They are found always in the vi
cinity' of water supplies.
i I 1 t"H 1 111 111 lilt III
Mother's Cook Book 5
Ffin inn HI*
And you the marble statue all the time
They praise and point at as preferred to
Yet leave for the first breathing woman's
Meals for the Family.
It Is a wise plan to have a dozen o*
more ways of using stale bread crumbs
where they may be easily referred to,
in order to avoid repealing the same
dish until it becomes tiresome.
Any crusts or small bits of bread if
placed in the warming oven to dry
may then be put through the "meal
grinder and are ready for countless
THE TOMAHAWK, WHITE EABfH, MINN.
Crumb Ice Cream.
Take one quart of medium crean\
one tablespoonful of vanilla, one tea
spoonful of almond extract and on*/
and a half cupfuls of strained honey.
Chill and freeze until thick and mushy,
then open the freezer and add one
cupful of brown bread crumbs. Con
tinue freezing until firm. Remove the
dasher and pack to ripen.
With the need for careful saving of
flour somewhat* over we will still use
other cereals because we have learned
their value and because they lend va
riety to our diet.
For the hot griddle cake to servs
for the morning meal there is none
which Is better liked than that made
from corn flour. If one is fortunate
enough to have on hand plenty of but
termilk the cakes wtil be still better.
Beat one egg, add enough buttermilk
to make a batter with corn flour suf
ficient to satisfy the family, adding a
teaspoonful of soda for each pint f
buttermilk nhd salt enough to make
them palatable. Beat weli and fry on
a lightly greased griddle. Cook them
as thin as possible.
Queen of Puddings.
Soak one cupful of stale but no*
dried bread crumbs in three cupfnli
of hot milk, add two tahlespoonfuls of
butter, the yolks of four eggs beaten
with one-half cupful of sugar, and a
teaspoonful of vanilla with a cupful
of corn sirup. Pour Into a buttered
baking dish and bake forty-five min
utes or until set. When the pudding
is done spread it with a layer of Jelly
or Jam and cover with a merlngne
using the whites of the eggs and a lit
tle powdered sugar. Brown and serve
hot or cold.
Bread Crumb Griddle Cakes.
Take one and a half cupfuls of bread
crumbs, two cupfuls of sour milk and
let stand over night In the morning
add an egg. a teaspoonful of soda,
half teaspoonful'of salt and corn flour
to make's thin batter beat well and
fry on a hot greased griddle.
Dried Fruits Instead of Candy
Br Ae United Stales Department of Agriculture
A HANDY HOME-MADE DRYER.
Home cook-stove dryers in Oregon are considered a very necessary piece
of furniture by the women In home-demonstration agent counties, where they
hv learned of the many uses. In one section dainty boxes of home-dried
fruits have been prepared for Christmas gifts and to send to the boye in
camps. Instead ofcandy, the children of this same section use the dried fruits
to satisfy their natural craving for sweets.
Enormous Sum Raked in United
War Work Campaign
Total subscriptions to the United
War Work campaign were $203,179,-
038, or 932,679,038 in excess of the
amount originally asked by the seven
war relief organizations, for their
work during demobilization of the ar
my and navy, according to an official
announcement by the national cam
paign committee. This is the largest
sum ever raised as an outright gift In
the history of the world.
Fourteen states pledged 15 per cent
in excess of their quotas, Arizona
heading the list with 248 per cent.
A feature of the campaign was the
manner In which men of the army and
navy themselves, and the inhabitants
of foreign countries contributed to the
fund. The army and navy gave $618,-
136. China gave $1,000,000 Russia,
$11,000 Cuba, $275,000 Japan, $360,-
000 Mexico, $114,000, and Porto Rico,
Sodium Fluorid Found to Be
Most Effective Substance to
Kill the Bothersome Roaphes
Government entomologists, by study
of the habits of roaches, have found
that these insects frequently cleanse
their legs and antennae when any dirt
or powder comes in contact with these
appendages. These are at once drawn
through the mouth parts of the Insects
and in this way cleaned. As a result,
a certain amount of any powdered
substance applied directly to a roach
or through which it may crawl is taken
Into the mouth and presently, wheth
er distasteful or not, finds its way
Into the stomach. Therefore It is not
necessary to mix a stomach poison in
powdered form with an attractive bait,
since the chances are much greater,
that the poison will reach the stomach
through Its habit of cleansing Itself
than through the eating of poison
Sodium fluorid, according to the
United States department of agricul
ture, was found to be the most rapid
killer of roaches of all the substances
tested. Pyrethrum powder, pure,
killed practically all roaches within
48 hoars, but Its effectiveness wss
greatly reduced when sl|ghtly diluted.
Borax was found to he very slow and
was only partially effective in kitch
en tests. Thirty-eight miscellaneous
materials were found to he Ineffective.
More Than 8,000,000 Red
Cross Workers During War
American Red Cross workers dur
ing the war knitted 14/169,000 gar
ments for the army and navy, accord
ing to a report made public by the
headquarters of the organization, in
addition the workers turned out 25,-
193,000 surgical dressings 22^55,-
000 hospital garments, 1,444,000 refu
gee garments. The work was done un
der the direction of 3370 chapters of
the Red Cross with more than 31,000
branches and auxiliaries, embracing
more tban 8,000,000 workers.
Electrically operated, a com
bined brush and vacuum ma- 5
chine has been Invented for
cleaning blackboard erasers. 2
Tubes made of glass have been
invented in Europe for handling
petroleum, gasoline and some 9
gases in place of rubber tubing. $
The heating value of one cord
of season xl hickory, oak, beech,
birch, hard maple, ash, dm, lo
cust or cherry wood about equals
that of one ton of coaL
Plan on Foot to Reclaim
Dismal Swamp, Picturesque
Haunt of the Naturalists
Dismal swamp, which lies just south
of Norfolk, Va., partly In that state
and partly In North Carolina, is one of
the most picturesque wildernesses in
the eastern United States. Although
it may be reached from the busy port,
of Norfolk within a few hours by a
boat which plies dally up and down a
small canal, the Dismal swamp re
mains an unspoiled wilderness where
black bears and panthers still roam,
while the smaller creatures of the wild
exist in abundance.
The thick jungles and bottomless
bogs at once offer perfect hiding
places for .the wild things and ob
stacles to the hunter which are often
impassable. Then, too, the swamp is
alive with snakesthe deadly copper
head and moccasin being especially
abundantand this fact alone detracts
considerably from the popularity of
the place as a pleasure resort.
It is nevertheless regularly visited
by some hardy hunters, and is the de
light of naturalists and scientists of all
kinds, who here find what they most
loveunspoiled primitive nature.
The Dismal swamp has great possi
bilities of future usefulness. In the
first place, it contains some of the
deepest and richest deposits of peat
in the United States, and this fuel is
undoubtedly tb be used in this coun
try in the near future. Furthermore,
engineers say that the swamp can be
drained, and, that it will then beconie
one of the richest bits of farm land in
America. Indeed, one man has al
ready demonstrated this by draining
a few hundred acres of the swamp and
raising phenomenal crops on it.
Peat Is Used in Place of
Cotton Surgical Dressing
Peat is so antiseptic and absorbent
that it is used as a dressing for
wounds, and is an excellent substitute
for medicated cotton. This fact was
recognized many years ago in Europe,
where sphagnum peat is now exten
sively used in preparing surgical,
dressings. According to a scientist
who has made a detailed study of peat
deposits in the northern United States,
there are many square miles of sphag
num bog in the northern counties of
Minnesota, Wisconsin and Michigan
that would supply material suitable
for antiseptic applications, it will not
be necessary to Incur the expense of
deep excavation, for immense quanti
ties of sphagnum can be taken from
the upper parts of the deposits. Sphag
num peat is also abundant in Maine,
and some is found in New York and
More Storms in Midwinter.
According to the records of the
weather bureau storms are not especi
ally prevalent at the time of either
the vernal or the autumnal equinox.
The greatest number of storms occur
in midwinter and the fewest in mid
summer and the number at the time
of the equinoxes Is about midway be
tween these extremes.
Cleanest Town in tne World.
It Is stated that the cleanest town
in the world is Brock, in Holland. It
has been famous for its cleanliness
from time immemorial. The yards and
streets, are paved with polished stones
intermingled with bricks of various
Alaskan Red Cross.
In the last membership campaign
conducted by the Red Cross, Alaska
obtained as members 94 per cent of
the entire population, this being fully
twice the percentage secured by sny
Alaska College Will Train
Its Graduates te Develop
Agriculture and Mining
The new Alaska Agricultural college
and School of Mines under construc
tion at Fairbanks, Alaska, about 109
miles from the arctic clrele, will train
its graduates to help develop Alaska
along its two main linesagriculture
and mining. Authorities assert this
northern soil holds big things in both
food and metals.
Both United States government and
Alaska territorial funds are being used
by the college. Congress, in 1915, des
ignated a site for the school and set
aside agricultural and mining lands in
the Tanama valley for the support of
the institution. Legislature voted $60,-
000 for the construction and purchase
of equipment. An annual congression
al appropriation of $50,000 is expected
to help maintain the school.
The Fairbanks United States gov
ernment agricutural station, now lo
cated on the college site, will become
part of the new institution and will
continue to draw its revenue pr sup
port from the federal government.
The site is high on a hill overlook
ing the city of Fairbanks, the Tanana
river and the railroad, the United
States government is building between
Seward and Fairbanks.
Great mother of a new-born nuje.
All earth shall be our dwell&iffftlaee
Democracy, thy holy name
Shall set the continents aflame,
Shall thrill the islands of tbfeea,
And keep thy children ever sfee.,
From God's eternal universe
Shalt thou remove the primal, curse
Which man upon his fellow-man
Imposed since first the world began
Away with slaves, deprived o? rights,
And lily-fingered parasites!
For thus the new-world purpose we
Can, step by step, unfolded see
Columbus sailed, at God's fceh&ot,
From lands by wicked kings omressed
His messenger, to search the earth
And find the place for Freedom's* birth.
Then rose up peerless Washington,
With many another a dauntless son.
Whose spirit, caught beyond the blue.
Encompassed France, and Europe, too.
Until the purpose of the Lord
Was plainly written with the sword.
Out of It allDemocracy!
The final word of God's decree.
To carry out his cherished plan
Of peace on earth, good wiH to man.
Therefore, arise, ye people, slug
This heaven-born and glorious thftip?
William Mill Butler.
Pershing Had No Promotion
For Seven Years After His
Graduation Front West Point
For seven years after his gradua
tion from West Point Pershing re
ceived no promotion.
Nevertheless, with customary grit,
he applied himself to master his pro
fession. He became an authority on
military tactics, and was sent t6 West
Point as an instructor. He was there
when the Spanish-American war broke
out and immediately applied for a
command.'' The war department sent
him to the Tenth cavalry, a negro
troop, as a first lieutenant, and then
his rise began, His troop went to'
Cuba. He led It at the battle of El
Caney, and came out of that engage
ment a captain "for gallantry ifl ac-
tion." Then he went to the Philip
In 1906,. in recognition of his abil
ity, President Roosevelt made him a
brigadier general and jumped him
over the heads of 862 men. The boy
who had won his way to West Point
by one point, the young man who had
been given no promotion for seven
yearsthink of that, you fellows whs
grumble- that nobody takes notice of
how hard you workhad at last'come
Into his own.Boys* Life.
IT IS TO SMILE 1
HI iimmimum ir*
Iffr The Difference.
"Young Knowitall says he earns $200
a week nt that job."
"What a good salary
"Oh, his salary Is only fSO a month.**
The Cheerful Optimist.
"Shall we ever
the distant piaa
"Sure. I expect
to see people com
moting as far as
Time to Cease.
"What are you going to say about
Flubdub's new novel?"
-Nothing," replied' the critic.
"There's been enough wilt paper
wasted as it is." The Cause.
"There is some
thing very queer
about this oyster
stew. Can yon
tell what isr
"rm not sure,
but I think I no
ticed some oysters
A Word of Warntos.
"Have you Aesop's Fables?"
"I hear the book is good. Pretty
"It's a good book of its kind," re
plied the salesman. "However, I must
warn yon that it la sot written Is
xml | txt