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$ GIVES MESSAGE TO LEGISLATORS Governor Burnquist CoversVaried Subjects and Makes Many Recommendations. MUCH WORK IS AHEAD flust 8trive to Secure Equal Oppor tunities for Every Citize So Or der, Individual Freedom and Justice Will Prevail. St. Paul.The text of Governor Burnquist'a message to the legislature follows: Gentlemen of the Senate and House of Representatives: Since the last Legislative Session our Commonwealth has shared in the world's baptism of blood. We have seen the eyes of our people, although fired with a righteous determination to win, dimmed with tears of sorrow and pride as their boys have marched away to do and to die. During the past two years many of Minnesota's sons and daughters have lost their lives in their country's service. Others Injured upon fields of battle will re main crippled and maimed for life. Nobly and heroically they have played their part la the great war tragedy which has required the sacrifice of mil lions of lives and unspeakable agony that the ambitious, arrogant and mer-/ ciless military leaders, bent upon world dominion, might be overcome. In a soil so stained with blod and tears there must now be planted the seed of abetter world, or the sacrifices of those who have so suffered and died will, in a large measure, have been of no avail. The issues for which they fought have, through a glorious yictory, been transferred from the scenes of war to a council of peace, where adequate means should be de vised for the just punishment of those responsible for this, the most monu mental crime of history, and where such international measures should be adopted as will forever hereafter pre vent the shameless and barbaric viola tion of human rights by a few mili tarists, who ought never to be clothed with the power to declare war. Our nation entered the conflict with the high purpose of assisting in put ting an end to the horrible European slaughter and if possible to all future wars of a similar nature. Now that the war is won we should nott lose sight of this purpose, but should ad vocate and actively favor the adop tion of some practloal plan intended to make international struggles be tween civilized and orderly govern ments hereafter impossible. We of this generation owe it to the count less dead, to the peoples now living, to our children and children's chil dren not to let the present situation go by without attempting in good faith to establish among those nations that will tolerate neither Kaiserism nor Bol shevism such a form of international court and police power as will have for its purpose the rinsing out of an age of war and the ringing in of an age of peace. In the name, therefore, of present and future civilizations, this Legisla ture and every Legislature throughout the land ought, at the earliest possible moment, to go on record, in a me morial to Congress, demanding in un mistakable terms that all men in posi tions of responsibility should encour age the American representatives at the world's peace table to do every thing within their power to secure the establishment of an international tri bunal of justice and the elimination to the greatest extent possible of the causes for and the danger of future wars. Activities During the War. Before making certain legislative recommendations, I wish te give you a short resume of some of the activi ties of the Minnesota Commission of Public Safety, which was created by the last Legislature. The members of this Commission have been in session one hundred days since it was organ ized. It has adopted forty-nine orders pertaining to many different subjects, and appointed directors in all the coun ties of the state. Bach oounty has been organized Under such directors, with representatives in each township. Nearly 4,000 snch appointees repre sented the Commission in the different sections and localities of the state. Women's Department. There was also organised, under said Commission, a Women's Depart ment with approximately 1,200 mem bers. This last named organization has done a vast amount of important work in arousing the interest of wo men in their war duties. Under the efficient leadership of its director, many lines of activity have been fol lowed through the co-operation of numerous ^women's organisations throughout the state. The Commis sion has also assisted in procuring a survey of the number of women in our different industries and the kinds of employment in which they are now engaged. Publicity. Soon after Its organisation the Com. mission saw the need of the mobiliza tion of public opinion. It made ar rangements for a weekly publication to give its directors throughout the state and citizens) generally informa tion with respect to needed activities in connection with the war. Much patriotic and informative literature, published in many different languages, has been circulated throughout the state. A speaker's bureau was early established to assist in the assignment of speakers to various localities. Home Guard. Under the order adopted April 28, 1917, with comparatively little expense to the state, there has been maintained a home guard of 334 officers and 7.373 enlisted men. The compensation, after five days service, was made $1.06 a day for the men and $2.00 a day for the officers. Loyal citizens from every section of the state have joined this organisation. They have shown.their willingness to serve in so many ways and have done so much work in such an able manner that they are entitled to the gratitude of the whole state. Peace Officers. The appointment of peace officers without uniform was also authorized. These men have been of much assist ance in securing evidence of disloy alty and have voluntarily made inves tigations as to such oharges. Six hun dred have been appointed since the organization of the Commission. Motor Corps. One of the best institutions organ ized under the Safety Commission is what is known as the Minnesota Motor Corps. Our state is the only state in the country that has a uniformed, armed and organized military body of this kind. It is composed of 124 of ficers and 2,450 enlisted men. Nearly all of them are professional and busi ness men, who have unselfishly given their time and the use of their Cars without expense to the state. They have furnished their own uniforms and equipment. The services performed by these officers and men at the time of the Tyler tornado and during the recent forest fires are well known. The war has not developed in Minne sota a more useful body of men for all emergencies than the Motor Corps. Police Regulations. On testimony and recommendations of police officials and en voluminous evidence procured through commis sions appointed for that purpose the Safety Commission has from time to time adopted police regulations with reference to the liquor traffic. Ship ments into dry territory have been ordered stopped and saloons closed throughout the state from ten p. m. to eight a. m. Regulations of public dance-halls, billiard and pool halls have also been adopted. Orders Pertaining To Aliens. The registration of aliens has been required by the Commission, through the office of the State Auditor 200,000 such persons have registered. A per manent file of this information has been made up and lists have been sent to each county auditor.. Illegal voting and illegal holding of lands were there by detected. One result of the pass age of such order is the promotion of the naturalization of a large number of citizens who, through negligence, had failed to become naturalized. Labor Bureau Established. A labor bureau was early estab lished to assist in solving the question of farm help during the busy seasons. Twenty-five thousand men have been placed through the service of this bureau, and more than 6,000 of these on farms. Members of the Commis sion have been active in securing ade quate prices for grain and a modifica tion of the present grain grades. The taking of a farm labor and crop cen sus at a very little cost to the state has been of much value in showing the labor needs of the agricultural districts, and in supplying useful agricultural statistics. The Commis sion has voted funds te assist in the eradication of black rust, which threat ened the destruction of the wheat crop in some sections of the state. An order providing that every male per son should be engaged in some useful occupation- was adopted, increasing thereby the supply of labor. Lockouts and Strikes. The Commission has been opposed to both lockouts and strikes during the war. In accordance with an amee ment, entered into between represen tatives of labor and employers' organ* izations, an order was adopted for the settlement of disputes through the submission of matters in controversy to the State Arbitration Board. Be tween thirty and forty disputes were saticiactorily settled by this board under said order. The Commission very early took steps te rid the state of certain anarchistic agitators by re questing cities and villages of the state to define such persons as va grants and providing for their suitable punishment. Such ordinances, where enacted, have had the desired effect. The Commission, having acquired in formation with reference to disloyal activities of such professional revolu tionists, sent its attorney to Washing ton to communicate tho faots in its possession to the Legal Department of the Federal Government, requesting the Federal Government to take ac tion against this lawless aad anarchis tic element. Food Regulations. Food regulation was early taken over by the Federal Government. Prior to that time the Minnesota Com mission made the so-called bread and milk investigations, redseing the price of each to the lowest reasonable fig ure. In co-operation with the state timber department and different coun ties and villages, steps have been tak en to make available for fuel the great supply of fire-wood en state lands. A potato market was established in the Twin Cities under the supervision of one of the Commission's agents. A marketing committee was appointed to assist the rural districts secur ing cars and in other ways te facilitate the marketing of products. The Board of Control and the Game and Fish Commissioner was appointed agents to supply state fish to state institutions and to the public at a reasonable rate. Under this arrangement about 1,500,- 000 pounds of fish have been caught and the business thus eendacted, al- faoHg no profit was intended, has netted the state about $15,000, snd re duced tbe price of ish to oensumers In this state abcut fifty per cent. In August, 1916, when It appeared that there was a great shortage of oeal, the Commission secured 1ST Minnesota an adequate supply. Other Activities. Among other activities that have been carried on under the direction 67 the Safety Commission, or in co-opera tion with it, are some of these of the Americanization Commission, the Fed eral Fuel and Food Administrations, the Training Camps Association, the War Industries Board, the War Rec ords Commission, the Highway Trans port Committee, and the Child Wel fare Commission. Termination of Commission. In regard to tbe continuation of the Commission, I would say that the Council of National Defease, the Sec retary of War, and the Secretary of the Navy, have requested the contin uance of state councils of defense dur ing the demobilization period. Of the many departments established and or ders adopted by tbe Commission, there are some which the Legislature shduld make permanent. The termination of the Commission as a legal body would make inoperative all these orders and Defective Page proceedings. As soon as the Legisla ture has acted upon -the proposed permanent establishment certain re quired departments and upon the sug gested enactment into law of certain necessary orders and the Federal of ficers no longer require their services, the members of the Commission desire to be relieved of their duties. GENERAL WORK. As the war work has been upper most in the minds of the people and public officials for the past two years there has largely been a cessation in state building, public improvements and general "state development. The reports of the different state depart ments and commissions show to what extent they have been able to be ac tive along other lines during the war period. National Amendments. There are certain legislative mat ters to which I wish at this time to call your special attention. The Na tional Congress has, since the, last session of our Legislature, passed a iomt resolution referring to the states the. question of amending the Fed eral Constitution so as to prohibit the manufacture or sale of intoxicants in the United States. I urge this Legisla ture to ratify this amendment by prop er resolution at the earliest date pos sible. I recommend the immediate adoption of a resolution memorializing Congress to submit the Woman Suf frr.ro mondment to the states, and its ratification by the Legislature when so submitted. Land Settlement Policy. A communication from the Secre tary of the Interior, pertaining to land settlement for soldiers, requests the Governor to make a recommendation that a proposed bill, of which he sends a copy, be passed by this Legislature. It is questionable, as to whether the State of Minnesota can, under our constitution, transact all of the busi ness which would be required by' the passage of such a bill. It will, how ever, be transmitted to the Legisla ture with the request that it be re ferred to the proper'committees of the House and Senate and with the hope that amendments can be prepared in such a way as to result in the desired cooperation between the Federal and State governments in this matter. Agricultural Legislation. All of our institutions should be built up on a sound, economic basis. With the same amount of ability, in vestment and hard work, farming should be made as profitable as any other business or occupation. The farmers, in the same manner as busi ness men and laboring men, have a right to and should unite for the pur pose of doing everything possible to bring this about and to improve con ditions generally in connection with their occupation. To obtain that to Which they are entitled, co-operation on their part is necessary. Artificial agencies which are not useful or eco nomically advisable in the distribution of farm products, unnecessary and harmful speculation, unnatural price control, unjustifiable profits and all other practices which are claimed to be injurious to.the farmer should be carefully investigated and studied with a viow to the elimination of those found to be detrimental. All middle men who perform a needed service should receive fair profits, but mono polistic control of the market so as to result unfairly in the lowest price to the producer and the highest price to the consumer should not be tolerated. Co-operation of Farmers. Laws should be enacted which will enable farmers to co-operate in an effl oient and just manner. Such co-opera tion should be based on a spirit of justice and not on that of class hatred. Farm ownership is necessary to secure the highest development of our lands, but land tenantry has been rapidly increasing. Laws providing for the establishment of land credit systems, to enable tenants to buy lands and make the neceseary investments for proper equipment, are extremely de sirable. Farmers should be encour aged in their right to form co-operative enterprises for the purpose of com peting with any institutions that are detrimental to their interests. The law, however, should provide greater protection against attempts on the part of others tc organize farmers for the purpose of taking advantage of certain alleged situations for selfish or fraudulent purposes. Rural Schools. More attention should be paid to the rural schools of our state. Dis tribution of state aid has been made in such a manner that the farmer has paid for this purpose more than his proportionate share. Schools, espe cially in the poorer districts of our commonwealth, should receive your most earnest consideration. What is necessary is a readjustment of the state aid to our public schools, both rural and city, in order that all of our children, In so far as it is possible to do so, shall be given by their state equal opportunities in the obtaining of educational advantages. Siokness in Rural Districts. The legislature should also devise some plan for taking care of the rural health situation, especially in certain portions of this state, where there Is a lack of medical aid. The same fight against preventable diseases that is made in cities should be made in the rural districts. More health inspec tors should be provided for the country, and in communities where hospital facilities are needed they ought to be provided by the state to a greater extent than heretofore. Isolated Communities. If settlements are to be promoted by the state, such settlements should be made on a group basis, enabling a larger number of people to be located in the same community. If the state government doesn't have sufficient power now to deal effectively with its own lands in this manner, a constitu tional amendment should be submitted so as to acquire that authority. Inventory and Survey. The state needs an inventory of its lands and a soil survey so it will be in a position to give people who de sire land reliable information. Pri vate enterprises should not be permit ted to represent that conditions are different from what they really are. The returning soldiers should not be deceived as to land conditions in our state, but should be given accurate in formation and assistance which will enable them to locate on farms if they desire to do so. Industrial workers should also be encouraged to settle on lands, but we cannot expect either of these classes to take a greater interest THE TOMAHAWK. WHITE EARTH. MINN. in farm life now than heretofore un less farm life is i^de more attractive to them. Department of Agriculture. In order that the state may devote a greater amount of study to agricul tural problems, take more interest in matters pertaining to the rupal com munities and land settlement and pay more attention to grievances of those, engaged in tbe farming occupation, a department should be established by the legislature to assist in securing for the farmers of Minnesota the larg est amount of benefits possible and consistent with that which is just. A department of this kind should bo composed of no less than five non-sal aried members with a salaried execu tive secretary. It should largely have the same relationship to the state that* the Federal Agricultural Department has to the nation. Instead of creating a new department, the immigration board should be abolished and the du ties of that board and tbe proposed land settlement board should be as signed to the suggested Department of Agriculture. If necessary it could be divided into bureaus as the work re quired. Good Roads. The foundation, however, of state development, proper land settlement, incentive to consolidation of rural schools, advancement of community life in the country and the delivery of products to markets is the construc tion of good roads. If the roads to be constructed are properly located, mil lions of dollars will be saved to the farmers in the marketing of products. We have here an agricultural state and owe it to both the producers and consumers to establish the best trans portation facilities possible for the de livery of the farmers' products to mar ket. The loss entailed on motor ve hicles by the wear and tear caused by bad roads amounts to millions of dol lars annually. As this would be large ly eliminated by the construction of permanent highways machine owners could well afford to have their taxes increased for this purpose. The state as a whole, with its many lakes and wonderful opportunities for witings, will draw to itself tourists from all over the country. This will mean the expenditure of millions of dollars in Minnesota and increase by so much the business of all living therein. Fu ture generations will be benefited by permanent construction and ought to pay a portion of the cost thereof. The Constitution should, therefore, at the earliest opportunity, be so amended as to permit the bonding of the state for a sufficient sum with which to begin the construction of this much needed improvement. This course is being followed by the most progressive states. The well considered plan, pro posed by the state highway commis sioner, should receive the earnest con sideration of every member of the legf islature, Prompt action i3 necessary for the traffic is becoming too groat for the" type of road now in use. Fur ther delay will only mean poor high ways and the waste of millions for their maintenance. Drainage. Drainage is a state matter in some what the samo manner as the building of roads. In road building we have a central authority, the highway com missioner. In drainage matters we should also have a centralized authori ty. The legislature enacted a measure at its last session intended to bring this about to a greater degree than heretofore, but no money appropria tion was made to carry out the provi sions of that measure! Such appropri ation ought to be made by this body, during the present session, and in ad dition there should be enacted a law abolishing the drainage commission as now constituted. The powers of the present drainage commission should be vested in a state drainage engineer. If, in connection with this official, it is desired that an advisory board be appointed, the members of said board ought to be engineers familiar with drainage matters and serve with out compensation. Drainage Veto. In this connection, I wish to refer to tho drainage vetoes at the close of last session. I was of the opinion at that time that thr veto of the drainage appropriations would be the best meth od of calling the state's attention to the fact that Minnesota has permitted too much draining of its lands in cer tain localities. It is a well known fact that the drying up of the peat bogs through excessive drainage has increased the fire risk in some sections of northern Minnesota. In certain lo calities the destruction of forests by fire is attributed to drainage, needless when made. When we take into con sideration the fact that it is estimated* that there are in Minnesota nearly seven billion tons of merchantable peat, which is valued at 93.00 per ton, the destruction of the peat itself would cause an enormous loss to the state. Another reason for vetoing said drain age items is the failure on the part of the state to protect itself against the possibility of unjust assessments of state lands. If the policy of per mitting state assessments, in the con struction of county and judicial ditch es, is to continue as heretofore with out any appropriation of money by the legislature before the work is author ized, the law ought to be so amended as to provide for service of notice on the state auditor in order that the state might protect its Interests. Be fore drainage assessments on state lands are paid the legislature ought to investigate the situation and make provision for a safe-guarding of the rights of the state in the future. Forest Fires. The greatest calamity that has be fallen the state in its history was the forest fires which raged in northern Minnesota, in the month of October, 1918, in which more than 500 lives were lost and twenty million dollars worth of property was destroyed. Shortly after the occurrence of said fire a commission was appointed to* investigate the causes thereof and to make recommendations for legislative action. The roport and the recommen dations of said commission are at tached to this message. Everything that the state can toward the re habilitation of this devastated coun try, the restoration of lost homes and the future prevention of the loss of lives of our settlers ought to be done by the legislature. Consolidation of Offices. In making appointments last year, several offices were consolidated by appointing the same person to more than en" office, with the understand- ing that only one salary should be paid. The law pertaining to the ap pointment of surveyors general should be modified as the work can be handled by one man. The law now provides for appointments in districts where there is no further need for such an office. The offioe of state oil inspector and that of the fire marshal should be abolished and the duties of these two positions transferred respectively to the state dairy and food commissioner and the insurance commissioner. Oil Inspection. The present system of oil inspection should also be modified. The law should provide for a proper testing method and for the inspection of oil at tho place where it is sold to the onsumer. If this is not done, the department should be abolished, for it is absurd to retain such a system for the sole purpose of creating public po sitions without giving adequate pro tection to the public. The oil inspec tion department can be and ought to be made of much use to the public, but as it is now operated it is of ex ceedingly small value. Public Health Boards. In the matter of public health ad ministration, there should also be further consolidation. It was suggest ed to the last legislature that the pow ers and duties of the State Advisory Commission should be placed in a new division under the State Board of Health. The measure thus recom mended was passed by both houses of the legislature, but died in a con ference committee. Past friction be tween these bodies has been detrimen tal to the administration of both de partments. The law should be so changed as to abolish the Advisory Commission and transfer its activities to a separate department directly un der the State Board of Health. Social Hygiene. By reason of the war, state authori ties in 1917 created a department for the handling of venereal diseases. A division for this work was established under the State Board of Health. This legislature should provide ample ap propriations to permit the continu ance of the department so established. Party Provisions. Opportunity should be given by law for political parties to legally assem ble by selecting delegates at primary elections to attend conventions to dis cuss party principles and adopt plat forms advocating measures pertaining to the welfare of tha state and through joint party action endeavor to secure the enactment thereof. For the state to do this in a way which will accom plish the best results, the legislature should be put on a party basis. To go back to the old convention system is unthinkable, but the primary laws should be so amended as to prevent, if possible, minority nominations and enable the members of political par ties to adopt platforms so as to create party rather than personal Issues in the conduct of campaigns. Vagrancy Law. It is apparont that professional agi tators, frequently and for their own benefit, mislead groups of laboring men most often composed of foreign ers unable to speak the English lan guage and unfamiliar with our insti tutions. Wo have a Labor Depart ment in Minnesota, whose duty it is to investigate labor conditions within our state. If enough is not done along that line by this department, it should be enlarged and required by law to do more, but misrepresentations and ma licious practices of agitators, which i are intended to create class feeling, disturbances of the peace and indus trial unrest, are extremely detrimental to the laboring men themselves and to the public. Such activities should bo, made a crime and adequate punish ment provided by law. Labor Legislation. We all desire for laboring men an adequate reward fer services rendered. We are anxious to secure for them the best possible working conditions. The only basis, however, upon which prep ress can be made Is the recognition of the sacredness of agreements. labor ing men have the unquestioned rlghO to organize, but for the benefit of la bor itself the form of organization ought to be such as to carry with it proper responsibility. This could be procured by incorporation under the laws of the state enabling the labor corporation so fbrmed to provide ade quate guarantees for the performance of obligations assumed. Without somo such provision, the cause of unionism is weakened and tho dignity of organ ized labor Is lowered. Legislation which will protect both employes and employers in the carrying out of their contracts would be for their mutual benefit and for the stability of the in dustry In which they are both en gaged. This Legislature should provide methods whereby the persons injured and maimed can be properly trained for somo particular trade. A Com mission appointed to make recommen dations for this purpose, has made a preliminary report as to the best meth ods to be pursued. Workmen's Compensation Act. The workman Is entitled to laws which will furnish hfm certain and prompt payment of claims arising un der the state compensation act. Em ployers should be compelled to lnssre in companies approved and regulated by state authority or furnish sufficient bonds to secure the payment of the compensation to which employes are entitled under the law. Self insurance, on the part of employers, should bo permitted only under safe guarantees. Laws for Women and Children. Child labor laws should be made more stringent and ^ould be more strictly enforced. Children until prop erly developed and educated belong in school and not in our Industries. Wo men should, I believe, be kept out of factories to tho greatest extent pos sible, but when obliged to work there in the laws should give them proper and ample protection. The experience of different industries has shown that as a rule an eight hour day produces the most satisfactory results. In the employment of laborers by the state, the eight hour day should obtain. Red Flag Menace. Practically all of our laboring peo ple are patriotic and law abiding, but we find some among them and among others with revolutionary tendencies, who pre'er the emblem of anarchy to the symool of America. The red Bag has no place In this land where liberty and justice are maintained through law. Advocating the application of force ror the purpose of destroying our free government. Its citizens and their property should not be tolerated unoer the guise of freedom of speech or lib erty of the press. A law should, there fore, be enacted which will prevent the display of the red flag in parade or otherwise, on any street or highway or in any public place, or from any building or premises, or in any other maner in public within the State Of Minnesota, and which will more clear ly define the law as to Illegal assem blies and prevent the holding of any meetings advocating revolutionary de struction of our governmental agen cies through force. The recent red flag demonstrations, where threatened destruction of life made it necessary to call out members of the Home Guard and Motor Corps, but especially the services of these men at the time of tho Tyler tornado and the forest fires of northern Min nesota, have taught us the necessity for the permanent maintenance of, these organizations. It is impossible to know when catastrophes of the kind above named, or of other kinds, may occur, or when further red flag demonstrations, riots or.disorder may be attempted. These Voluntary or ganizations, consisting of mature, level-headed and patriotic men, who have no other purpose in view than to see order and justice prevail, should be authorized by the state. Disloyalty. As a whole, our people, during the past two years, have shown remark able self-sacrifice and patriotism. Tho loyalty of laboring men, farmers, busi ness men and of all classes of citizens cannot be too highly commended. The amount of patriotic work that they have done and the enthusiasm with which it was done have been marvel ous. We have all boon amaaed at what our people have shown they can accomplish when they set their minds to the performance of a particular task, but the attitude pursued by some shows that there is need of a law defining more 'clearly the meaning of sedition and disloyalty and providing a more adequate punishment therefor. No one disloyal to this government should be permitted te hold property or any office within cur state. The re cent decision of our Supreme Court, holding that the present laws are In sufficient to permit the removal of a judicial officer who la In sympathy with the warring enemies of this coun try, should at once be corrected b^r fb' i Aglslature so as to moke It im possible for such a situation to exist uuruutier. Proper Eduoational Training. It is to our schools that we must mostly look for the future planting and propagation of those ideas which will result in a greater appreciation of our country and a better under standing of Its tde ds. Through them, all of our citizens of tomorrow should bo taught to willingly serve the state and the nation. They must be made (o realize more fully that frhey cannot expect tho state or Use nation to do ovcrything for them and that they do' nothing in return. To secure tho best results, tho regular instruction in pub lic and private schools shonW be giv en in our own language and In no othor. Foreign languages should be permitted as cultural studies, but not othorwiae. Section 2700 of Minnesota Statutes of 1913, our present law up on this subject, should he modified and so extended as to bo made to apply not only to public schools, but also to all educational institutions within tho state. School Aid Deficit. The Legislature should pass laws granting generous aid te the schools for the money so appropriated will bo dlstributod in a proper, fair, and Just manner. Bocause I felt that the school aid was not distributed on a proper basis, I vetoed the item of $1,070,000 of the more than $6,000,000 appropriation for school aid made by the last legislature. It was my belief at the time of the veto and as held by the Attorney Genera! that the 11.070,000 school aid ssoclt could be paid out of the more than $5,000,000 appropriation available in August, 1917, which, not withstanding my veto, was nearly a million and a half more than was ever before appropriated for a like porlod. As a majority of the Supreme Cdurt reversed the Attorney General, I recommend that this Legis lature make an appropriation for tho payment of tho said dsfleit. Larger Salaries for School Teachem. One feature to bo recognized In the giving of state aid is the tact that the salaries of school teachers of our state, although larger than in many states, aro entirely too low. Men and women who have spent a largo portion of their lives in order to become ef ficient teachers get proportionately much nmaller pay than those In otiher lines of work. Some are paid such 'ridiculously lew salaries that thny are continually worrying about their living so that they ore unable to gtve to the state the service that they could otherwise give. Tho salaries of all those In the teaching profession should be put on such a basis that the teachers can give to the state and na tion the best that there is In them. Conclusion. Thus lek us together endeavor, in harmony and in good will, to build up this state, a future eitlsenry that shall be typically American. May we so educate our children that all future Minncsotans shall be heart and soul for the American Republic that they shall ever appreciate and take ad vantage of the opportunities under oyr state and nation that they shall al ways realize the sacredness of con tracts and be made te understand that the honest accumulation of property is not a crime, but something that should be encouraged in order that every eit isen may strive to acquire a homo and make adequate prevision for him self and those dependeat upon him and thus help to strengthen the very foundation upon which a true civiliza tion must be built. Recognizing the fact that the righto of humanity have a greater claim up on us than the rights of property, but that the privilege to acquire private property is one of the greatest incen tives to human development, the only Intelligent course for all of us to pur sue is to strive through harmonious and sensible co-operation to secure as far as p-mslble equal opportunities for every citizen, for wo ace not living under a government of 'lasses, but In a state where order, tadivMual free dom and justice must prevail and where it is incumbent upon us. as rep resentatives of all of onr people, to do oar duty as God has given us tho power to see it.