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Justice and Fair Dealing for
every Indian who desires to become a good Citizen. THE TOMAHAWK. Official Organ of the Minnesota Chippewas. BUS H. BEAULIEU, Founder. EdlteUj THE TOMAHAWK PUB. CO, White Earth Agency. Minnesota. Entered at the Postofflce at White Earth, Minn., as mail matter or the second class. SUBSCMPTIOI: 11.50 PER YEAR I I ADIAICt I ROLL of HONOR 6,000 SIX THOUSAND 6,000 Native Americans, Indians if you please, in the Military Service of the United States, and this does not include a large number in the Navy. August 1st, 1918. Chippewa Affairs At Washington. Washington, D. January IT, 1919. Special to THE TOMAHAWK. This has been a memorable week for the Chippewa Indians of Min nesota. For the first time, in the thirty years that have elapsed eince the Chippewa Indians entered irto Agreements with the United States Government pursuant to the Act of January 14, 1889, the members of Congress are getting a real in cite into the affairs of the Chippe wa Indians. It is a story of broken promises and unredeemed pledges. The Indian Bureau, in response to the demands of the IJouse Com mittee on -Indian Affairs, trans mitted a statement showing the total expenditures during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1918 among the Chippewas. This statement shows that during that fiscal year there was expended from the tribal funds $503,392.94 and from the public and other funds $273,426 47, or a total expenditure of more than $776,000.00. This was the first time in all the thirty years that have elapsed since the agreement made in 1889 that any committee of Congress has ever been appraised of the truth of the expenditures from public and trust funds for the alleged support and civilization of the less than twelve thousand members of the Chippewa tribe. JLasc Thursday the House Com mittee OJ Indian Affairs threw its doors wide open and invited the members of the legislative commit tee as well as James I. Coffey and his deceived followers to come be fore it and make known their views with reference to the appropriation asked by the Indian Bureau of $160,000.00 from the trust funds of the Indians to be used for their al leged support and civilization. Frank Beaulieu of White Earth appeared for the General Council, accompanied by the legislative committee consisting of himself, Ben L. Fairbanks, John Carl and John Arten. In a forceful and con cise statement Mr. Beaulieu re viewed the condition in which the fourteen bands of Chippewa In dians were living prior to the agreement of 1889, the objects and purposes of that agreement and the understanding of the Chippewa Indians when they ratified the Act of January 14,1889. He explained to the committee that prior to 1889 when all the Indians were Irving upon separata reservations it cost leas than $30,000.00 per annum to support and civilize them that in 1889 the United States conceded that the Chippewa Indians had ar rived at a condition where they were competent to, assume the duties of full citizenship and ac coadingly passed the act of Janu ary 14, 1889. He explained that since that act was passed the ap propriations for their alleged sup, port and civilization had increased until last year they aggregated the stupendous sum of $776,000.00, $503,392.04 of which was taken from their trust fund. He insisted that the appropriation of $160,000 asked for by the Indian Bureau was in violation of the terras and provisions of the Act of January 14, 1889, as it was explained to the Indians prior to its ratification by them. He pointed out that the In dians had never been able to obtain from the Indian Bureau any state ment showing how ibis money was expended and no such statement had evei been fumUhed the com mittees of Congress from whom the appropriations was aked by the Indian Bureau. He explained to the committee that under Sec. 7 of the act of 1889 the Indian Bureau had at its disposal last year over $75,000 for the support of the schools and that this was abundant to meet those expenses. He ex plained, and supported his explan ation by official statements made by the Indian Bureau officials. That ninety per cent of the allot tees on the White Earth reserva tion were competent and had re ceived their patents in fee and that only ten per cent of about 6000 Indians allotted on the White Earth reservation'were" therefore under the jurisdiction and control of the Indian Bureau. He explain ed to the committee that the In dians allotted off the White Earth reservation were as competent as those allotted on the White Earth reservation and all tolJ there were not more than twelve hundred in competent adult Indians among the Chippewas and that* the expend? tures being made for the alleged support and civilization of the Chippewa Indians of Minnesota were unjustifiable from any point of view. At this point Mr. Meritt, AssistV ant Commissioner of Indian Affairs, interrupted Mr. Beaulieu, and stated to the committee that the appropriation of $160,000 asked for by the Indian Bureau was needed for the support of the schools and in order to enable the Indian Bureau'to take care of the minors, who, Mr. Meritt informed the committee, numbered about six thousand. Mr. Beaulieu ex plained to the committee that the Indian Bureau maintained six boarding schools in which the av erage attendance last year was 472 children that it maintained nine day schools in which the average attendance last year was 157 child ren. He further explained that last year 158 children were educated, boarded and partially clothed in St. Mary's Contract Mission Board ing School, located at Red Lake and St. Benedict's Contract Mis sion Boarding School located at White Earth. That the total cost to the tribe for the education, boarding and clothing of these children during the last fiscal year was $108 00 per child or a total cost of $17,064 00, and that if the 472 children now beingeducated in the boarding schools maintained by the Indian Bureau and the 157 children attending the day schools maintained by the Indian Bureau wf re transferred to the mission schools the total cost of their edu cation, board and clothing per year would be $67,932. He pointed out that it was universally conceded that the mission schools afforded educational facilities to the Indian Vdl. XVI. White Earth, Becker Cutty, Minnesota, Thursday,. January 23, 9919. THE TOJUAHAWK. OFFICIAL ORGAN O THE MINNESOTA CHIPPEWAS. Truth before Favor." children and even Inspector Linnen in his report, recently mnde, recp* amended that the Indian Bureau schools be patterned after tSm mission schools, while there was universal complaint against the schools maintained by the Indian Bureau, and that if the children now being educated in the schools maintained by the Indian were transferred to the mission schools the $75,000 now avajjajple would be sufficient to provide for their education. He also suggested that if the Indian Bureau would take up with the authorities of the State of Minnesota the question of providing additional public schools, public school buildings could be erected at points where they were needed for the, education of Indian children and that in the course of a few years it-would not be neces sary to spend a single dollar of the Indian funds for the education of the Indian children. He made it plain that not a dollar of the $160,- 000. appropriation asked for by tn% Indian Bureau was necessary in connection with the maintanance of tlie schpols. Replying to Assist aet Commissioner Meritt's state ment that it was necessary for the Indian Bureau to have a large ap propriation to properly look after the property of minor children, Mr. Beaulieu explained to the committee that t'nc only fund or property the minor children had were their interest in the-per capita payments which amounted to less than $20.00 per child annually, and their interest in the principal fund when it was divided. He ..state*, that the shares of the minor child ren|did not amount to $160,000 per annum and that it would be foolishness to appropriate $160,000 per annum to see that less than that amount WHS properly expend ed by the parents of the children Mr. Beaulieu made a splendid impression upon the committee. He was followed by James I. Coffey, starting to read along har rangue to the committee directed against the Genera) Council and its legislative committee of which B. L.'Fairbanks wss a member. He was promptly interrupted' by the members of *tbe committee who told him that the only matter they cared to know about was whether the Indians desired the Indian Bureau to expend $160,000 of their trust funds for their alleged sup-' port and civilization during the fiscal year. After great difficulty the committee finally obtained an admission from Coffey that the In dians were opposed to the appro priation. Coffey was asked what percentage of the Indians he rep resented and heegoticaily informed the*committee that he represented one hundred per cent. This statement by Coffey con vulsed the entire committee and member after member pointed at Coffey and remarked, "Look at that wonderful man who repre sents one hundred per cent of his people." Coffey was made the butt of ridicule, but it is doubtful whether in view of his stupend uous egotism and ignorance he re alized that the committee was making fun of him. Every one el?e appreciated the joke and joined in the laughter. As a result of the efforts of the legislative committee the sub-com mittee of the House Committee on Indian Affairs has cut the appro priation to $100,000, and the indi cations are that when the matter is considered by the full committee the entire item will be eliminated in the bil.. If it is not. Congress men Miller and Ellsworth have assured the members of the legis lative committee that they will endeavor to strike the appropria tion from the bill when the matter comes up for consideration on the floor of the House. The Commissioner of Indian Affairs has advised the legislative committee that he will see them and take up with them the various matters in which the tribe is in terested next Saturday evening commencing at eight o'clock. It is Bureau .expected that this will be an inter esting meeting as thisis the first time the Indian Bureau has indi cated a disposition to meet the Chippewa Indians of Minnesota and deal with them all fairly. Next week hearing will commence on the bills conferring jurisdiction on the Court of Claims to hear and determine the claims of the Indians against the United States, the payment per capita to the members of the* Tribe of the principal fund and other bills providing admin istrative relief from existing con ditions. At the insistence of the legisla tive committee the Commissioner has directedSuperintendent inton to deliver to allottees who have received their patents in fee all government bonds purchased with their individual moneys. *This means that upwards of $100,000 worth of Liberty Bonds will be delivered immediately.to ailottees on the White Earth reservation which are now being withheld from them. It also means that between $50,000 and $75,000 worth of Liberty Bonds will be delivered to allottees off the White Earth res ervation. Now is the time to pay that subscription. Early Aid For Lo. Probe of Conditions oi Chippewa Res ervations bj Congress to Bring Acflon. Early action is promised by the Bureau of Indian Affairs at Wash ington to remedy unsatisfactory conditions on the Chippewa reser vations in Minnesota, following hearings before the subcommittee on Indian affairs in Congress. In his report of an investigation of these reservations read before the committee, E. B. Linnen, chief inspector, describes conditions after the legislative committee of the Indians' general council had filed charge* of mismanagement and extravagance by government officials. Mr. Linnen recommends the ap pointment of another agent to re place J. H. Hinton as superinten dent, whom he found "lacking in diplomacy and generally unfitted for the place, though an honest, conscientious ana faithful official." That the conditions among the Chippewas in this state areas bad as represented by the Indians themselves is denied by Linnen. It was said, among other things, that immoral conditions prevailed at some of the Indian schools and that government officials were in volved in these. Linnen denies most of these specificiall, but ad mits that there may have been some truth in the complaints made by the Woman's Civic league of White Earth after an early morn ing visit at the White Earth boarding school. "We found said boarding school When you want the best In Groceries, Dry Goods, Winter Clothing, Footwear, etc., call on us. We're right here every day in the year (except Sunday) to supply you with any and everything you may need in THE BEST AND PUREST GROCERIES IN THE MARKET. TheB.L. Fairbanks Company, White Earth, riinnesota. MINNESOTA mm* 'N,f W* gjg Published in behalf of, and to secure the welfare of the Indians of the United States. 1 No. 40. to have been neglected in mj ly ways," says Linnen in his report to Commissioner Sells. "It had been permitted to run down, the grounds presented a slovenly ap oearance apd there were many things at said boarding school which needed correction."Pion eer Press. We would call attontion to the news from Washington as it is filtered through the sieve of the Washington correspondent of the Pioneer Press. The facts are un doubtedly as they became public before a sitting of a subcommittee of Congress. We are glad that Mr. Lihnen recommends the displacement of Supt Hinton1 tt White Earth, laud in this regard we are in accord with him in his views upon Mr. Hinton's undiplomacy and lack of administrative ability. The super continued on 8th Page,) White Earth Bus and Ex~ press Line. P. C. MARTIN, Prop. Let me do your DRAYINQ oetween White Earth and Ogeiua. My prices are right, and satis faction guaranteed. White Earth, Minn.