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The Tomahawk. [volume] (White Earth, Becker County, Minn.) 1903-192?, February 06, 1919, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89064695/1919-02-06/ed-1/seq-1/

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Vol. XVI.
S, y*
Justice and Fair Dealing for
every Indian who desire* to
become good Citizen.
Official Organ of the Minnesota
SU$ H. BEAULIEU, Fiwiir.
White Earth A$ecy, Mluestta.
Entered at the Poatofflce at White
Earth, Minn., mall matter or the
second class.
6,000 SIXTHOUSAHfl 6,000
Native Americans, Indians if you
please, id the Military Service of
the United States, and this does
not include a large number in the
Navy. August l9t, 1918.
In our issue of Sept. 26th, 1918,
to took occasion to publish the fact
that "honest" John H.Hinton had,
on Aug. 19th, 1918, started an
illusory propoganda against the1
righteous efforts of the progres
,sive classes of the White Earth
reservation, especially the mem
bers of the Legislative Committee,
General Council, Minnesota Chip
pewa?, who were protesting against
the further appropriation of their
tribal funds stating in his said
letter that only "a very few selfish
mixed-bloods" desired such a pro
ceeding should take place, etc.
On receipt of intelligence of this
pernicious activity ou the part of
"honest" John, members of the
reservation generally signed a
petition which contained hundreds
of names, every person signing his
or her ow& name, including about
80 names of the reservation soldier
boys, vigorously protesting against
the further appropriation of their
tribal funds for the further" con
tinuance or maintenance of agencies
on the Minnesota so-called reser
vations. This petition received
the hearty support of the officials
of both Becker and Mahnomen
counties municipal officials of
Detroit city, and members of the
Becker County Bar Association.
It was also indorsed by many of
Minnesota's leading business and
professional men. These indorse
ments were sent to the members
of the Legislative Committee, at
Washington and who presented
the same to members, of the Min
nesota delegation who employed
the same in their argument before
the House of Representatives. On
January 24th, when the Indian ap
propriation bill came up before
the House for consideration,
Congressmen Ellsworth, Miller,
Knutson and Steenerson each made
most masterly arguments against
the further unjust and unlawful
practice of appropriating Chippe
wa tribal funds to pay Indian
bureau employes salaries and fur
nishing them homes of comfort
and luxury. And when the bill
was submitted for a vote the item
appropriating $160,000 of Chippe
wa tribal funds, was stricken from
the bill by a most decided vote of
32 to 17. And as a fitting climax
to the Minnesota Chippewa* right-
eous contentions, the Minnesota
Senate did, on January 30th, ap
prove, by unanimous vote, the
qualified demands of Minnesota's
red citizens in the premises and as
noted by the following resolution:
(Introduced by Senator Baldwin)
"Resolution of the Senate in
Relation to the Chippewa Indian
Tribal Funds in the Hands of Fed
eral Government.
Whereas, the great majority of
the people of Chippewa Indian
blood residing in the State of
Minnesota are citizens of said
state and perform all the obliga
tions imposed by the state upon
all other citizens and
Whereas, the great majority of
the Chippewa people in the State
of Minnesota are, in the opinion
of the Senate of Minnesota, cap
able of managing and controlling
their property interests and
Whereas, the Government of
the United States through its
Bureau of Indian Affairs has
maintained for a number of years
and is now maintaining a large
force of agents and employes in
connection with the administra
tion of said trust at a very con
siderable expense, which expense
is being paid out of the trust funds
of said Indians and
Whereas, we are of the opinion
that the further maintenance of
this force of agents and employees
at the expense of said trust fund
has become.unnecessary
Now Therefore, Be It Resolved
by the Senate of the State of Min
nesota that the Congress of toe
United States be and it is hereby
requested to discontinue the use of
said trust fund for the purposes
hereinbefore mentioned, and that
it be further requested to enact
such legislation as wilt enable said
Chippewa people to secure a final
settlement of, their tribal affairs
with, the United States Govern
ment, due regard being had for
the well-being of said Indians.
Be It Further Resolved, that the
senators and representatives in the
Congress of the United States
from the State of Minnesota be
requested to assist in carrying out
the purposes for which this resolu
tion is designed.
Be It Further Resolved, that a
duly authenticated copy of this
Resolution be transmitted to the
Speaker of the House of Repre
sentatives, that another be trans
mitted to the President of the
Senate of the Congress of the
United States, and that copies be
sent to each member of the Senate
and House of Representatives from
the State of Minnesota, and that
as so amended the same do pass
Alas for the vain, sinister, illus
ory efforts of "honest" John, too
weak and sterile to stand the
search light of righteous publicity
the erstwhile propaganda, whose
initial purpose wa3 to discredit the
qualified members of the Legisla
tive Committee, General Council,
Minnesota Chippewas, has shrunk
down to the thresholJ of pitiful
oblivion while be, himself, has
been practically relegated to the
silent scorn of "innocuous desue-
tude." Taps.
Subscribe for THE TOMAHAWK
and get all the reservation sews.
$1.50 per year in advance.
that guarantees satisfactory work
or refunds tuition. One month's
tuition free while, you investigate.
Write for catalog.
Defective Page
Truth before, Favor."
Asks that Appropriations
Front Chippewa Tribal
Foods be Stopped.
Remarks of Representative F.
K. Ellsworth, before the Hou8e
Committee on Indian Affairs:
Mr. ELLSWORTH. Mr. Chair
man, this item now included in the
bill at $100,000 is an item which
has been changed in the last four
or five years in nearly every Con
gress, being in some Congresses
entirely stricken out in the- House
and afterwards included in another
body, and coming back, and finally
tfiere being an amount in the bill.
It is an item which has been con
tested since the time the first ap
propriation was made under the
treaty of 1889, whereby the Cbipr
pewa Indians of Minnesota, at that
time some 11,000 or 12,000 in
number, ceded to the United States
some nine or ten millions of acres
of land, with provision for the
disposition of land and of the tim
ber upon the land in order to cre
ate a fund in trust for the tribe, to
be paid out per capita and other
wise under certain specified condi
tions. I want first to refer to this
proposition, that from 1854 to
1874, 20 yearsand 1 spoke of this
in the House yesterday in general
debatethe tribe of Chippewa In
dians, or the Red Lake Band, used
to go to Fon du Lac, at the head
of Lake Superior, every year to
receive an annuity of $1, a condi
tion of famine generally eitstin^
before they got that dollar.
In 1874 the annuity system was
discontinued, and from that .time
until 1889, the time that the Gov
ernment again took under its wing
this bund of Chippewa Indians in
Minnesota, and made the treaty of
1889, under which the Indians
ceded the lands and the Govern
ment agreed to do certain things
and to hold their property in trust
for the Indiansuntil that time,
for 15 years, the Indians of Min
nesota, without any promise or
hope of payment to be doled out
by the government, became prac
tically self supporting, and inter
mingled with the people in the
towns and villages in which they
lived, and went on the even tenor
of their way. Then the Govern
ment took them up again and made
the treaty. And I want to take
time enough to distinguish between
the different kinds of Indian Tribes
to show the differences in the con
ditions affecting these tribes, where
they have tribal funds in the treas
ury, and other tribes where there
are no funds in the treasury, and
where the Government pays out a
gratuity. The amount on credit
now from lands sold, or timber
sold on lands belonging to the
Chippewas nnder the treaty with
the United State**, is some $6,000,-
000. The interest, according to the
treaty provision, is 5 per cent.
The treaty of 1889 provided that
the interest should be paid to the
Indians, three-fourths of the sum
in per capita payments and one
fourth of the sum to be used ex
clusively for school purposes.
The interest cow is about $3,-
00,000, or tv hundred and ninety
odd thousand dollars. The one
fourth of that is about $75,000,
specifically provided for the u*e of
the schools. There were certain
provisions in the treaty which
provided that when the act was
passed by Congress it should not
become a law until after it had
been submitted to the band of
Chippewa Indians, to their general
council, and had been approved
and accepted by them.
Under the treaty arrangements
White Earth, Becker County, Miaaeaoia, Thursday, February 0, 9919.
but upon this
tefore the Chippe
willing to
it'was accep
statement, the
wa Indians w
the provisions of the treaty of
1889, it was to be understood that
none of the principal was to be
used except for certain purposes.
It -.vas understood by the Indians,
and the Supreme Court of the
United States in several decisions
ha.%t- .'!d in this and many other
Indian cases that the understanding
of th Indians at the time of the
signing of the treaty would control,
and it has controlled in the courts.
The CHAIRMAN. The time of
the gentleman from Minnesota has
Mr. KNUTSON. Mr. Chairman,
I ask unanimous consent that my
colleague may have five minutes
The CHAIRMAN. Is there ob
jection to the gentleman's request?
Tliere was no objection.
Mr. ELLSWORTH. The fund
in question is a part of the princi
pal which the Indian Bureau
sought to use, and did use, under
.the provisions of this present bill
for the purposes that I have re
cited here, for building and main
taining and erecting industrial
schools, for the purchase of im
plements, the purchase of stock,
the breaking and fencing of land,
the building of sawmills and flour
mill, was used in that way until
1910, although the purposes for
which this money could be used
had practically ceased to exist years
before. But since that time the
Indian Bureau, always anxious to
reach out and hold on to every
person who had any quantum of
Indian blood in bimone-sixteenth
one thirty second, one sixty-fourth
or one twenty-eighth, if you please,
seeking, therefore, to keep control
adopt-) of the funds of the Indians as a
leading string, has secured the
passage of an act fromfyear to year
"for civilization and self support
and pay of employees of the Indian
Service," the only other similar
case being that of the Com.tnches,
Kiowas, and Apaches in Oklaho
Mr. Chairman, 1 want to go right
to the meat of the subject in the
short time I have. I say, if the
money taken from the tribal funds
of the Chippewa Indians in Min
nesota, or any part of the money
sought to be appropriated in this
item, goes into the civilizing chan
nels, which the treaty signed in
1889 contemplated, to the Chippe
wa Indians who were instrumental
in making the treaty, and where
they felt at.the time it should go,
then not $100,000 but the amount
which the bureau claims, $175,000,
would be just as conscientious and
a more consistent action to take,
and if it does not go into the chan
nel then it seem9 to me that not a
single cent could be appropriated.
If an individual or a bank had a
trust fund and there was provided
interest and also principal$75,-
000 in interest to be first applied
to a specific purpose--it would not
be considered a sufficient account
ing when the trustee came into
court and stated tb*t he had spent
a part of the principal amount for
the certain purpose, but made no
accounting for the interest expen
diture. Seventy five thousand dol
lars was a special fund to be paid
for school purposes. The bureau
baa never made an accounting for
the $75,000 having been spent for
When you want
the best
In Groceries, Dry Goods, Winter
Clothing, Footwear, etc., call on
We're right here every day in the year (except Sunday) to supply you
with any and everything you may need in
The B. L. Fairbanks
White Earth, flinnesota.
Published in behalf of, and
to secure the welfare of the
Indians of the United States.
No. 42.
this purpose or any purpose, but
simply comes in and gives a long
list of figures, in which it sets out
the items for salary and expenses,
and so forth, amounting to some
$183,000, all of which, or practical
ly all of which, is included in ex
penses of agents, inspectors, sup
erintendents of reservations, en
gineers, assistant engineers, disci
plinarians, matrons, and persons
in the Government employmen
who have represented the Govern
ment side of the deal. The mem
bers of all other tribes have re
ceived the services as gratuities,
with a few exceptions of small
amounts, but in the case of the
Chippewa Jndians the bureau ex
pects to take the money out of the
tribal fund, with the statement that
they pay it for schools, when they
have absolutely at no timeand I
say it without fear of contradic
tionthey absolutely at no time
have made any accounting of the
$75,000 to be paid for schools.
Let us see. If you will take
pages 408 and 409 of the hearings
you will find the only! accounting
there is which will throw any light
on it. Take the column for schools
and agency expenses and you will
find about $103,000 ior agencies
and about $62,000 for schools.
And, I say, if you throw a man
into involuntary bankruptcy and
the fefree calls him before him to
make an accounting, and he re
fused to make a statement of his
receipts and disbursements, in
your own accounting as trustee
you would have to take the figures
you have iu hand. That is what we
must do now and from all the- iig*
(Continued on 8th Page,)

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