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Justice and Fair Dealing for every Indian who desires to become a good Citizen. THE TOMAHAWK. Official Organ of Chippewas. the Minnesota GUS H. BEAUUEU, Founder. Edited by THE TOMAHAWK PUB. CD, White Earth Agency, Minnesota. Entered at^the Postoffice at White Earth, Minn., as mail matter ot the second class. SUBSCRIPTION: $1.50 PEB YEAR I I ADVAiiCL Ever.v time we appropriate money from the Chippewa tribal fund we do so unlawfully.Hon H. Steenerson, M. C. The trouble with the Indian Bureau is that there is 90 per c nt administration and 10 per cent civilization.Hon. W. W. Hast ings, M. C. For several years we have at tempted diliigently to find out what Indian Inspectors did, and it seems that they were a sort of committes that went out and OVERLOOKED the situation, if they went at all.Hon. H. P. Snydor, M. C. Inspectors are really represcn a" tives of the Indian Office out in the field* and they go there as representatives of the lncfian Office and inspect the Indian service and make confidential.Hon. W. W. Hastings, M. C. AUTOCRACY. When a temporary power comes to that conclusion that he is God Almighty power, and begins to misuse and abuse his position to satisfy his power (as the Kaiser did), then it becomes intolerent and a nuisancH It is better that it should die rather than to exist t.j mislead and destroy. The Indian bureau stands in that same light in relation with the Indian race Des potically without consent of the Indians, the Indian race was forced into the hands of the military de partment and political parties, as prisoners of war and later to be used as stool pigeons in the hands of politics. It is a shame that twelve million dollars is blood money, bled out of the people un der the name of Indian appropria tions, when the Indians do not even get a smell of it. This idea of beautifying, en larging and systemaizing Indian schools, the un-American idea of segregating, going away from de mocracy, and doing for the In dians what they ought to do for themselves. It requires twelve millions of dollars to pay the exexcuse penses of those connected with the Indian Bureau who are degrading and using the Indian in every way tot beneficial to the Indians. Every branch of the Indian Bu reau is working might and main to keen intact the system that defies back and harmful to the Indians.!abolished, ^^-ggnuMj HBBHHHHHH3 HHHHHBHflHH B8MHHHH8HH HHHHMHHBHH0HI reservation system be remedied? it is as easy as rolling off a log. Free and citizenize them all at once. Give to each Indian what belongs to him, and let them go to sink or swim. This great move must be made sooner or later, and "Wassaja" believes the sooner the better. When the Indians stand on the brink of freedom and citi zenship we hear the worn out excuses: "Let us wait until we can get the status of the Indians. Do not go too fast we must not forget Indian treaties. What about Indian education? The Incross dians have not enough money to educate their children. Now, 'Moo tezuma fad,' don't be -too hot headed and abolish the Indian Bu reau. We believe that the Indian Bureau has a duty to perform in these matters before any agitation can be made in regard to Indian freedom and citizenship We beplatoon lieve in constructive and not a destructive platform upon which the Indians may move, have their being, before abolishing the Indian Bureau. Radical way of doing things is not safe. There are ob ligations due the Indians from the United States before we can come to any just consideration of abol ishing the Indian Bureau." These ideas are nuts to crack. A hard nut is hard to crack, but a false nut is easy. The above reasons of our good friends are false nuts. The status of the Indians is known, he is a WARD. The ma chinery of the Indian Bureau TURNS OUT WARDS AND NOTHING ELSE. Has Indian treaties done any good for the In dians? Not at all. It has been as a lead around the Indians' neck. The pale faces have broken the treaties and also the Indians' necks. Far better were there no Indian treaties. Treaties held the Indians to one side and they were not counted in with the people of the country. Now, let us touch upon the edu cation of the Indian children? Higher education will come after they have finished the public schools. The public school system of the United States is the best system of education in the world. It is the cement which unites races into one common family it is that which has helped to conquer the world for peace and brotherly love. Patriotic is he who upholds the public school system. The Indian Bureau is a draw back to the public schools for the Indian children. One of the duties of the Indian schools is to keep the In dian children from entering the public schools. You can see their policy for doing so. Public schools for the pappooses WOULD MEAN DEATH TO THE INDIAN SCHOOLS. Indian schools were instituted HS make-shift for the public schools, as the Indian reservation were too remote from civilization. No such can be madeuow, for res ervations and Indian boarding schools are surrounded in the midst of public schools. If public schools had been encouraged for Indian children by the Government fifty years agoin two genera tionsthis question would not at- the rights of ma?. If there is a tract any at'ention at all. The In- system that ke-p the Indians dj:in children would be coming from what is light and just, it is and going to the public school* the Indian B.ureau. with the children of all races. The A reservation enviroment is "Outing System" which General everything but elevating. More Pratt originated at the vice is introduced than high and lisle Indian School had for its noble virtues. To keep a race object the public schools, but that you are proving upon a home- within an inclosure without the is dead now. There is suclra thing stead, your time in the army counts general current that makes pro 'as a resurrection. It has come to as time spent on the homestead, gress and thriftines is a draw this, that the Indian Bureau must be How can such a condition as the must be given their freedom andfi1.50. and that the Indians] Read White Earth, Becker County* citizenship, then the Indian THE TOMAHAWK OFFICIAL ORGAN OF Tnt MINNESOTA CHIPPEWAS. Truth bgftrj-e Favor." reu will-recite in the public school rooms of the country. Let us pray this will come soon.* Wassaja. Red Lake Indian Awarded Distinguished Service Gross. Soldiers' Civil Rights. The soldier in theUunited States service has certain rights which he and his family should know. When you get back from the army, if you find that the court has ren dered against you, do not worrj about it. You still have a chance to be heard if you apply ^to the court in person or through an at torney, within ninety days after your discharge. The court may stay any judgement rendered against you or your property. If payments on a mortgage have been overdue, the property cannot come forclosed until three months after you have been discharged. Your taxes or assessments may have become overdue. If your family riled a statement of the case, the property would not be sold for unpaid taxes. Even if such sale took place you can redeem the property by paying frix per cent interest. This must be done with in six months after the President's proclamation that the war is over. The Red Cross Home Service will be glad to advise ou on thcae matters. Debts contracted before you went into the army are still due, with interest, and you will, of course pay them as soon as you are ab'e to do so. AH our gov ernment guarantees is that your late Car- absence on military service will 1 not count against you in court. If THE TOMAHAWK, Minnesota, 1 chili The first distinguished service awarded a Beltrami county soldier by Geneial 'Pershing has been won by a Red Lake agency Indian, Sergeant Joseph La Jen nesssee, D. company, Sixtith in fantry, for extraordinary heroism in action near Cuel, France, Oct. 14, 1918. Sergeant La Jennessee retained the command of his after he had. received a severe gunshot wound in .the leg,minder maintained* the organization of Lis platoon under heavy fire, and directed it in the overcoming of several machine gun positions. He consolidated bis position on thecommemorates line held by the company, and remained on post thirty six hours until ordered evacuated on account of his wqund. We congratulate Sergeant La Jennessee upon his achievement on the battle field and its due recognition by General Pershing. In the army an Indian is recog nized as a competent and in La Jennessee's case signally so. As a Red Lake Indian under the Commissioner of Indian Affairs the only eross he ever got was Jkte^ double-cross. And by the way has the Com missioner himself done anything in his field of duty that would warrant a bestowal upon him of any mark of distinction. Speaking impersonally, the bureau under his management would suffer court martial if certain congressmen could act as a trial board, and we know what the result would be. 52 issue Thursday, March 27, 1919. The Right Kind of Min nesota Soldiers' Memorial. Minnesota plans a state memorial to its boy8 who have served in the great war It should have a mem-the jiril,nd it should not stint in ouilding it any more than its boys have stinted their gift of service and sacrifice at the call of their country. What kind of a memorial A committee appointed by the gov ernor to investigate andadvisc^im and the legislature is working on that question now, and will soon make a report The issue lies between a building that will be purely a memorial, only something to look at as a' re of the military service of Minnesota's sons, and a building that will at once be a memorial and something that, in itself, will serve the public use, as the men it have served. Can tiwre be more than one answer to that question? By all means, the memorial should be a building not only beautiful to look upon, and therefore fitted to what it commemorates, but a building that will he of large public use and benefit, that the people may be reminded of what it seeks to remind them not only by its ap appearance, but by the service it will yield to them as long as it gtands. No cold, stilted structure, tomb like and useless no matter how beautiful, should be bnilt as a memorial to men who have givei? the noblest service soldiers ever rendered to mankind. The memoiial should be in the Twin Cities because they are cen tral and because there are more people there, of course. And the plan suggested by the alummi of the state university is by all odds the best: to put the building on university campus, and to make it take the form of a mem orial auditorium, for the use of the university and the public The university needs such a building, and the state will soon have to build it anyway. Moreover, placed there it would be situated so that rooms in it could be set apart as headquarters for the various or ganisations of veterans of the great war that will be formed, and as a meeting place for them. All soldiers' memorials should be something that will always be of public service, because they are errected to commemorate a gnat service. In no way, we feel sure, could Minnesota better meet this need than by building its soldiers' memorial on the university compus and by making it a building that will be of the widest possible use to the soldiers and the public. The fact that one-sixth of Minne sota's soldiers in the great w:tr and one-third of its officers were men of the university is an additional reason for making thisdecision. Ex. Subscribe for THE TOMAHAWK and got all the reservation sows #1.50 per year in advance. When you want the best In Groceries, Dry Goods, Winter Clothing, Footwear, etc., call on us. We're right here every dy in the year (except Sunday) to supply you with any and everything you may need in THE BEST AND PUREST GROCERIES IN THE MARKET. The B. L. Fairbanks Company, White Earth, Hinnesota. Published in behalf of, and to secure the welfare of the Indians of the United States. No. 49. Series of Choosinjis. Life Is one long series ot choosings. jhi* way or that?questionswe Shall dev..rp onve unti'OPe? fill Th lour of every day, and by our wise foolish ans\\'&3 we write our hi ory. .The Fault Is Yours. Never complain that your confld\?.ce ins boon betrayed. The fault ts yourSSfc for pouring unsafe talk into a leaky mind. You do not blame a leaky pall for leaking. Blame yourself for not knowing It leaked.Life. Cactus Candy. Louislnna has a new product. It Is cactus candy. The cactus Is peeled, dipped In hot simp or molasses aud coated with powdered sugar. White Earth Bus and Ex press Line. P. C. MARTIN, Prop. Let mo do your DRAYINQ oetween White Earth and Ogema. My prices are right, and satis faction guaranteed. White Earth, IMMMIMMMSMMIMM Minn.