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Over By MAY BELLEVILLE BROWN Copyrigh't 1919, by the McClure News paper Syndicate.) When Maxwell Brltton came home that- night, it was too late for one to see how shabby the bungalow looked. Indoors the living room borrowed a home-like look from the lamplight, and from the woman who sat sewing within its circle, but the lamplight was also a tell-tale, for it showed walls hung with a faded paper, mended curtains and de crepit furniture. "Ah, there, Patience!" Maxwell sa luted his wife Jauntily. "I hope you did not mind my not coming home to supper, but Smithers gave me a ticket to the bowling match at the athletic club, so I took a lunch and went right over. Great little match it was, too." His wife sewed on, serene and silent. Presently the man made another con versational attempt. """Looks awfully cozy in here tonight. I tell you I appreciate this nice little home of mine!" Patience raised her eyes and looked at her husband. She was a fair woman, with broad, white brow and well-set head. Tonight her brown eyes nnd full-lipped mouth were gravely se rious as she announced quietly: "Then you will be sorry to give It up!" "Wha-at?" the question faltered into something resembling a bleat. The manhandsome he was, with a trace of weakness, with full, blue eyes and silky black hairdropped his lip and stared. The woman gazed Intently at her husband, .choosing her words. "We have been married ten years, Max, and you have never had more than a fair salary. For five years we were only two, and everything was new, so our expenses were not large, but we saved nothing. Except for a lew weeks when Dorsey came, I have done my own housework. Up to that time I spent about a hundred dollars He Turned to Listen. a year on myself. Since then I have earned her clothes and mine with my needlemaking clothes for the chil dren of the neighborhood." Injured innocence sat on Maxwell Britton's countenance as he pulled himself erect. "A pretty tirade! Just because, after working hard all day I took a little relaxationon a free ticket, too, madanieI have to be raked over the coals!" His indignation grew with speech. "Since this is my welcome, I will go back, and yon may expect me when you see me P* "Max!" her voice was low, but he urned at the door to listen. "I am speaking for your sake and my own and for Dorsey. You have failed to make good with usperhaps you can do better without us. I will not work any harder to support myself and her than I have done heretofore, so I have decided to take her and go for a year at leastthe future depends upon you." The man leaned against the door, his face white. "Do you mean It, Patty?" he whis pered. "I mean It, Max, and nothing can change me." "But Patty, I have always been true to you!" "True In the sense of relations with other women, but in the sense that yon owe it to me and the children I might bear you to make the most of yourself as a citizen and as a business man, yon have been false." It was a strange colloquy. The man Mustered, at times wept, pleaded, scolded but the woman's face scarcely changed its expression, and her voice was as unwavering as her purpose. "The house Is mine by deed of trust from my father, through Dorsey to me," she told him. "I want nothing rise. Use your salary to further your own position and I will look after my self nnd Dorsey. I only ask a little time to get ready. I have been laying by some money, and will sew here until I get the boose ready for a tenant and I will ask you to keep on paying such bills as yon hava met before. Thorn I stall open parlors la a nowntowB apartment and liye there with Dorsey." From that time life was lived on peculiar terms in the bungalow on Park Heights. Maxwell was despond ent but uncommunicative. Patience Has calm, yet went abojit her work with sadly inscrutable eyes. Ther was a guarded, wistful friendliness be tween the two, and a shying off from each other, as though to avoid mention ing the situation. The painters and carpenters came and went, transforming the shabby house into charming freshness. Max well began regular work on the lawn, turning its rough surface into green velvet, cutting dead sprouts from shrubs and trees and training #vines. For years he had spent his evenings downtown on the plea that he needed relaxation. Now he never left the place except to go to his work, and in the long twi lights Patience, with the light hand work which she saved for evenings, took a strange comfort in knowing that he was busy near her. Dorseythe child's own contraction of the "Doro thy" which was given at her christen ingscracely had been acquainted with her father, but now she reveled In the company of "daddy," and trotted after him like a frolicsome puppy. Her father enjoyed It, too, and Patience would hear their merry dialogue out side until bedtime. The Inside of the house had Its meta morphosis. Patience had the living room done over inexpensively In soft browns, and made the dining room, with its ivory enamel and blue walls, seem as though Intended for the blue china inherited from her mother. Up stairs the rooms were freshened with white paint and fresh walls, and the house stood transformed. "I want to tell you, Max," announced Patience, one evening, "that, now that the house Is ready, and the lawn Is at Its best, I feel that it should be put on the market. There Is really nothing to hinder my going now!" Max looked at her fixedly for a mo ment, then turned and left the room. She had scarcely time to wonder until he was back. "Here!" He held out the gilt let tered "Dressmaking" sign which for some time had been at the side en trance. "Maxwell, what do you mean?" she asked. Was this the easy-loving, in different husband, who had been de generating into a loafer, this decided man whose blue eyes flashed so darkly, and whose mouth was so firmly set? "It means that, all the time you have been making over this house, you have been making me over, too, and that now I am ready to take the Job off your hands!" Patience, her hands clasped over her heart, did not speak. It was his hour and he should dominate It. He went on: "Every word yon said that night was trueonly I had blamed every one else and excused myself. It has taken three months of hard work on your part to put me on the right track. I have not told you that I have been promoted twice since you brought me up standing!" He laughed tremulously in his ex citement, but mastered Ids voice. "Today they made me assistant man ager in my department. Next year they are going to enlarge the company, and will take me inthey say they need a Britton in the. firmimagine!" With a single motion, he broke the sign and threw It on the table. "That's kindling wood, and nothing moreever!" he declared masterfully. "From now on, for the rest of the year, you may use your needle for your own and Dorsey's frills. Next year you are to hire some one to do it for you. Pa tience I" his victorious voice took on a* note of pleading "your old shiftless husband is goneforever! Won't yon give the new one a trial?" The resolute, self-controlled woman had disappeared, leaving behind a sob bing creature who clung to Maxwell, trembling at his touch like a maiden with her first love. "I hoped that If I showed you what our home might be, you would not let me destroy it," she sobbed "every stroke that has gone to make It lovely has been for yonand Dorseyand to keep ns together!" The little home, dreaming cosily In its green setting, seemed to smile with happiness under the still moon, for it was safe. Tho Birth of a Bang. Regimental bands piped the French into Colmar and Strasbourg to the tune of "Vous n'aurez par 1'Alsace et la Lorraine." It Is one of the few airs which have survived from the multiplicity born of that period "of storm and stress following upon the Franco-German war. "Vous n'aurez pas" was the result of a flash of In spiration on the part of Its author, Ben Tayou, just as was Rouget de l'lsles's "Marseillaise," Patriotism was the mother of both, and though "La Marseillaise" will be sung long after "Vous n'aurez pas" has been forgot ten, Ben Tayon's song will have been the song of stirring and happy days of French history. Silk Hats Again. The reappearance of the tall hot in London has been duly chronicled. It Is not a new tall hat, but a rmre or less worn article that went into In ternment toward the close of 1914. In the absence of the silk hat, the Horn burg (Stetson) hat has obtained al most complete domination as a cover ing for the heads of such London men as do not affect caps. The cloak room of a London dub showed four silk hats, fifty Hom borgs, half a dozen, bowlers, and a bat of straw. As the Horabirg has com* to stay, its matt bo changed. HOWTOUSERAW BOCK PHOSPHATE May Be Used Profitably as Re enforcement to Stable Ma nure or Plowing Under. PROFITABLE AS PLANT FOOD When Immediate Results Are Desired Add Phosphate Is Preferable Raw Rock Is Used as Absorb ent In Dairy Barns. (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) As a cheap and satisfactory source of phosphoric acid, raw rock phos phate merits extensive use on farms In localities where the material Is available. Nowadays when all com mercial fertilizers are abnormally ex pensive Is the time to make liberal nse of raw rock as a re-enforcement of stable manure, as a material to be dis tributed and plowed under with greea cover crops and as a profitable plant food for direct application to soils that are rich in organic matter. The relative unpopularity' of raw rock phosphate in the past has result ed from Incomplete and unsatisfactory experimental work. Recently the farm use of raw rock has expanded to 91,- 000 tons annually, worth approximate ly $750,000. Of course when Immediate results are desired, the more costly acid phos phate Is preferable as Its plant food Is readily soluble and suitable for rush order use. Raw rock phosphate, al though it' contains twice as much phos phoric add as the average acid phos phate, slowly releases its stores of food for crop use. It costs about $6.50 Raw Rock Phosphate Can Be Used Profitably to Re-enforco 8table Ma nure. a ton In carload lots now at the mines. For practical results, it Is essential that the raw rock be finely ground to the extent that 90 per cent of the ma terial will pass through a sieve having 100 meshes to the linear inch. How to Spread. Where the raw rock phosphate la used as a re-enforcement for stable manure, It may be spread at the rate of 50 to 00 pounds over each ton of manure as It Is hauled from the barn or stable yard to the fields. A much better practice, however, Is to compost the rock with the manure for a period of a month or more before spreading on the fields. On account of Its ad mirable absorptive qualities the raw rock is used as an absorbent in* dairy stables. The common practice Is to spread about a pint of the material daily behind each cow In the stable. Where a green cover crop, such as cowpeas or soy beans, is to be turned under. It Is valuable practice to spread about 1,000 pounds of raw-rock phosphate an acre over the green stuff before the plowing Is begun. Products are developed during the decomposi tion of the organic matter which are efficient in liberating the plant food that Is slowly available In the raw rock. Where the raw-rock phosphate Is applied in half-ton doses an acre to a soil that Is very rich in organic mat tei the same beneficial results are slowly notable as obtained where the fertiliser Is turned under with the green crop. Best Form of Add. The presence of decaying organic matter In the soil Increases the effec tiveness of raw, ground rock phos phates due probably both to greater bacterial activity and the higher con tent of carbon dioxide in such soils. From a similar standpoint, the effec tiveness of raw rock phosphate Is usu ally Increased after remaining In the soil for a year or more. Most crops respond more quickly to applications of acid phosphate than to bone, basic slag or raw-rock phosphate. Accord ingly, where the early stimulation and quick maturity of the crop' are the main considerations, acid phosphate Is probably the best form of phosphoric add to apply. The question of whether increases tn. yield ordinarily can be produced more economically by applications of soluble or relatively insoluble phos phates, must be considered in a meas ure an Individual problem for each farmer, since it depends on a number of factors of which the most important are the nature of the soil, the crop system employed, the price of the va rious phosphates in each particular locality and the length of the gi owing season. The Best Breed. No one question comes to the ex tension poultryman more often than "Which Is the best breed?" and the only justifiable answer, and the one we have made hundreds of times, a\ There Is no best THE TOMAHAWK. WHITE EARTH, MINN. SEE ANTI-LEAGUE PLOT Similar Bills Introduced in All Northwest Legislatures. Repeal of Primary Laws Creating State Constabulary No Mere Co- incidencePolitical Control From Outside Apparent. St. Paul, Minn.A striking feature of the legislative sessions of 1919 in the Northwestern states has been the similarity of the bills that have been introduced by reactionary legislators. In every Northwestern state, with the sole exception of North Dakota, bills were introduced to go back to the corrupt convention system of nom inating candidates for office, thus kill ing the direct primary, for which the people carried on a battle for years. In Idaho the bill repealing the direct primary has been enacted into law and signed by the governor. In Minne sota the bill has passed the lower house, Governor Burnquist's forces are urging its passage by the senate and the governor stands ready to sign it as soon as it is passed. For Constabulary. The governors of Minnesota, Mon tana, Idaho, Washington, Colorado, and Nebraska, with great unanimity, all recommended the establishment of state constabularies, thus continuing militarism and giving employers a powerful club to use in coercing em ployes in case of labor troubles. Min nesota and Idaho, which take the lead in reactionary legislation, both have approved the constabulary bills. It Is probable that they will be killed in other states. Red flag bills, criminal syndicalism bills, drawn in similar language, have also been introduced and passed in most of the Northwestern states. Most of these bills probably were intended by the men who introduced them, to enable the authorities to put down law lessness, but many of them, notably the so-called Minnesota red flag bill, were drawn so as to prohibit farmers' organizations from showing any insig nia of their own. Some of the bills gave such broad powers that they could easily have been used by unfair officials to bar any kind of action by labor'or farmers' organizations during a political campaign. No Coincidence. There is such a marked similarity between the programs of the reaction aries in the various states that it can not be put down as a mere co Incidence. The evidence points unmis takably to a political control outside of the Northwest, that has induced 11 the governors to urge state con stabularies, that has sought to have all the legislatures deny the voters the right to select their own candidates and that has tried to use the name of patriotism to hoodwink the people. TO FORM LABOR PARTY Illinois Unions Vote 10 to 1 to Join Movement. Chicago.Union labor In Illinois has "placed Itself almost solidly behind the labor party movement, according to an announcement at the offices of the secretary of the Illinois Federation of Labor. In the referendum sent out by the federation on the question of endorsing the labor party, the returns show the following: In the state at large, 354 locals de clared in favor of the labor party, while 35 locals were against the move menta 10 to 1 decision. Al. Towers, assistant secretary, was highly elated over the results. He declared it to be a splendid victory for the cause of union labor. "It shows that union labor down state is realizing that it must unite for a political as well as economic fight," said Mr. Towers. "In all of the campaigns which are now in the past, our people have been entirely too in different on this subject. We have seen union labor get the worst of It so often that the spectacle became rath er commonplace." No one of the big nations ever took possession of a weaker nation except for "the good of the people." This charitable, unselfish purpose is well summed up in the phrasethe white man's burden. Nor should we over look the modern Improvement here on the gospel of Christ. Our modern statesmen carry His principle of service to others to the point of fighting for a chance to ren der It SHERIFF PAYS GILBERT Former League Man Collects Damages for Kidnaping. Martin County Official Settles Out of CourtCase Started What George Creel Terms "Reign of Terror" In Minnesota. St. Paul, Minn.Sheriff Carver of Martin county, who was sued by Jo seph Gilbert, former organization di rector of the National Nonpartisan league, as an aftermath of the kidnap ing of Gilbert a year ago, has settled the case out of court and paid Gilbert $200. The Gilbert kidnaping case started what George Creel, chairman of the United States committee on informa tion, terms "the reign of terror" in Minnesota. Although Gilbert was at liberty un der bond fixed by the Ramsey county district court, pending trial on a case in Martin county, which has since been dismissed, Sheriff Carver, acting under instructions of Albert It. Allen, then county attorney of Martin coun ty, came to St. Paul with William Roepke, his deputy, and placed Gilbert under arrest. A writ of habeas cor pus was at once applied for, but be fore the writ could be issued, Gilbert had been spirited out of town by Roepke. The former league employe was taken to Fairmont, the county seat of Martin county, over 100 miles away, and lodged in jail. He was re leased tho next day, when Sheriff Carver wired Allen that a writ of habeas corpus had been issued. HAYES TOJIO 6, 0. P. National Chairman Visits Minne sota to Restore Harmony. Burnquist Spoils Chance of Healing Breach in Party by Making Vitu perative Attack on Creel for Story in Everybody's Magazine. St. Paul, Minn.As a result of tho split in the party ranks due to the blunders made by Governor J. A. A. Burnquist of Minnesota, Chairman W. H. Hays of the national republican committee was forced to come to the Twin Cities the other day In the hope of restoring harmony. Any hope of harmony was destroyed however, when Governor Burnquist at a large raUy in the St. Paul auditori um renewed his attacks on the Nation* al Nonpartisan League and In vitu perative language gave the He to George Creel chairman of the United States committee on public informa tion. Creel's article In the March number of Everybody's magaslne, de scribing the reign of terror In Min nesota, placed the responsibility for near lynchings and tar and feather parties on Governor Burnquist and the Minnesota Public Safety commission. Mr. Hays spoke at a luncheon and a reception In Minneapolis, before the Minnesota senate and at the rally In the evening. Others Also. Agitators! Agitators! That Is one of the cries raised against the Nonpar tisan league. If by the term agitator Is meant the people who believe that the present order of affairs can be im proved upon and have set about by the most perfect and effective means to secure a change of legislature to bring about this reform, then the farmers and the laborers are agitators. In the same sense George Washington was an agitator so was John Adams so was Benjamin Franklin. For that matter, Christ himself was an agitator. He was not satisfied with the conditions of his times and he was finally cruci fied. It does not necessarily imply that a person is undesirable because he is not satisfied with the conditions as he finds them. Progress comes that way. The progressives make the world pro gress. The standpatters are perfectly satisfied to have things stand as they are. Let's progress.Norman County (Minn.) Post. Those terrible league legislators In North Dakota have taken the "Social ist-Bolshevik" position again by In dorsing Wilson's 14 peace (arms. COMBINE WOULD BEAT N. 0.LAWS Grain Interests in Minnesota! Hope to Use Federal Courts. PLAN REFERENDUM** Independent Voters' Association Male* Ing Preparations to Refer Back to People Laws Passed by Legisla- tureBelieved Plan Will Fail. Grain interests of Minnesota, realiz ing that they have no chance to beat the Nonpartisan League program be fore the people of North Dakota, are planning to fight the North Dakota laws before the federal courts. Owners of elevators all over the Northwest are receiving letters from Minneapolis headquarters, asking them to contribute funds toward making this effort to head off the people's program. Attorneys say there is no prospect that the federal courts will attempt to enjoin the state of North Dakota from carrying out measures with tho people of that state want .passed. The only chance of the grain trust to havo the federal courts take jurisdiction is in regard to the railroad rate law, on account of the railroads now being under government control. However, as the supreme court of the United States has upheld the Minnesota rate laws, upon which the North Dakota rate law is based, there is no ground for believing that the opponents of the League will be successful in this re spect. I The "Independent Voters' associa- tion," an organization formed in North Dakota to fight the Nonpartisan league and financed by the bitterest farmer haters In the state, is frankly up in the air as to its own course. The associa tion wants to Invoke the referendum on virtually all the bills of the League program but knows that such a course would arouse resentment and defeut its own object. The course that prob ably will be decided on will be to at tempt to refer a few of the measures, on the theory that a light vote at a special election might result in de feating one or more of these and thus make the rest of the League program unworkable. The League men are perfectly will ing that such an election should be held. While the North Dakota con stitution requires 30,000 signers to an Initiative petition to 'force a special election, Governor Frazler lias prom ised to call a special election If only half this number sign. The League farmers are confident that at a special election they can give their opponents a final beating that will settle for all time whether the people want the program that they have been seeking for years. INCOME TAX ANALYZED Washington, D. C.More than three-quarters of tho Income which goes to the rich people of the United States, is in the form of rent, Interest and profits. Tho United States department of internal revenue has just published a summary of statistics of Income based on the Income figures for 1916. At that time there were 429,401 peo ple who received "taxable" incomes. That is, incomes in excess of $3,000 for single persons and $4,000 for mar* rled persons. The total amount of "gross" income received by these people was $8,350,- 000,000. One fifth of this total was Income from personal services, either in the form of salaries or of profes sional fees. Three-tenths was income from business in the form of profits. The remainder (46 per cent) was "Income from property," divided a follows: Rents, $602,000,000. Interest, 1668,000,000. Dividends, $2,136,000,000. These three Items with certain mis cellaneous Incomes from property brought the total In this class up to $3,861,000,000. People with smaller Incomes re ceived three-quarters of their income from personal services and from busi ness profits. People with the higher incomes received one-third of their in come from personal service and busi ness profits and two-thirds from prop erty. In the case of those individuals hav ing incomes between $500,000 and 81,- 000,000 a year (there were 376 of them) the division was as follows: $11,600,000 in salaries and $94,000,000 in business profits $8,000,000 in rents $23,000,000 as interest and $136.. 000,000 as dividends. The total income from property of these 376 persons was $200,000,000. Pass Cossack Bill. Charleston, W. Va.The state sen ate has passed a constabulary bill de spite strenuous opposition of organ ized labor. Trade unionists declare that the senate's action is in line with the anarchy that Is being established in various sections of the state by em ploying interests. It Is stated that In Davis and Piedmont workers have been denied the right of assemblage, and in McDowell county deputy sher iffs are denying miners the right to hold meetings or join the miners* union. Similar conditions exist in Lo gan county and other sections of the state while the legislature in passing red flag laws and other legislation "im check the growth of boUhevlsau"