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The Tomahawk. [volume] (White Earth, Becker County, Minn.) 1903-192?, April 10, 1919, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89064695/1919-04-10/ed-1/seq-3/

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A Making
Over
By MAY BELLEVILLE BROWN
Copyrigh't 1919, by the McClure News
paper Syndicate.)
When Maxwell Brltton came home
that- night, it was too late for one to
see how shabby the bungalow looked.
Indoors the living room borrowed a
home-like look from the lamplight, and
from the woman who sat sewing within
its circle, but the lamplight was also a
tell-tale, for it showed walls hung with
a faded paper, mended curtains and de
crepit furniture.
"Ah, there, Patience!" Maxwell sa
luted his wife Jauntily. "I hope you
did not mind my not coming home to
supper, but Smithers gave me a ticket
to the bowling match at the athletic
club, so I took a lunch and went right
over. Great little match it was, too."
His wife sewed on, serene and silent.
Presently the man made another con
versational attempt.
"""Looks awfully cozy in here tonight.
I tell you I appreciate this nice little
home of mine!"
Patience raised her eyes and looked
at her husband. She was a fair
woman, with broad, white brow and
well-set head. Tonight her brown eyes
nnd full-lipped mouth were gravely se
rious as she announced quietly:
"Then you will be sorry to give
It up!"
"Wha-at?" the question faltered into
something resembling a bleat. The
manhandsome he was, with a trace
of weakness, with full, blue eyes and
silky black hairdropped his lip and
stared.
The woman gazed Intently at her
husband, .choosing her words.
"We have been married ten years,
Max, and you have never had more
than a fair salary. For five years we
were only two, and everything was
new, so our expenses were not large,
but we saved nothing. Except for a
lew weeks when Dorsey came, I have
done my own housework. Up to that
time I spent about a hundred dollars
He Turned to Listen.
a year on myself. Since then I have
earned her clothes and mine with my
needlemaking clothes for the chil
dren of the neighborhood."
Injured innocence sat on Maxwell
Britton's countenance as he pulled
himself erect.
"A pretty tirade! Just because,
after working hard all day I took a
little relaxationon a free ticket, too,
madanieI have to be raked over the
coals!" His indignation grew with
speech. "Since this is my welcome, I
will go back, and yon may expect me
when you see me P*
"Max!" her voice was low, but he
urned at the door to listen. "I am
speaking for your sake and my own
and for Dorsey. You have failed to
make good with usperhaps you can
do better without us. I will not work
any harder to support myself and her
than I have done heretofore, so I have
decided to take her and go for a year
at leastthe future depends upon
you."
The man leaned against the door, his
face white.
"Do you mean It, Patty?" he whis
pered.
"I mean It, Max, and nothing can
change me."
"But Patty, I have always been true
to you!"
"True In the sense of relations with
other women, but in the sense that yon
owe it to me and the children I might
bear you to make the most of yourself
as a citizen and as a business man, yon
have been false."
It was a strange colloquy. The man
Mustered, at times wept, pleaded,
scolded but the woman's face scarcely
changed its expression, and her voice
was as unwavering as her purpose.
"The house Is mine by deed of trust
from my father, through Dorsey to
me," she told him. "I want nothing
rise. Use your salary to further your
own position and I will look after my
self nnd Dorsey. I only ask a little
time to get ready. I have been laying
by some money, and will sew here until
I get the boose ready for a tenant and
I will ask you to keep on paying such
bills as yon hava met before. Thorn I
stall open parlors la a nowntowB
apartment and liye there with
Dorsey."
From that time life was lived on
peculiar terms in the bungalow on
Park Heights. Maxwell was despond
ent but uncommunicative. Patience
Has calm, yet went abojit her work
with sadly inscrutable eyes. Ther
was a guarded, wistful friendliness be
tween the two, and a shying off from
each other, as though to avoid mention
ing the situation.
The painters and carpenters came
and went, transforming the shabby
house into charming freshness. Max
well began regular work on the lawn,
turning its rough surface into green
velvet, cutting dead sprouts from
shrubs and trees and training #vines.
For years he had spent his evenings
downtown on the plea that he needed
relaxation.
Now he never left the place except
to go to his work, and in the long twi
lights Patience, with the light hand
work which she saved for evenings,
took a strange comfort in knowing that
he was busy near her. Dorseythe
child's own contraction of the "Doro
thy" which was given at her christen
ingscracely had been acquainted
with her father, but now she reveled
In the company of "daddy," and trotted
after him like a frolicsome puppy. Her
father enjoyed It, too, and Patience
would hear their merry dialogue out
side until bedtime.
The Inside of the house had Its meta
morphosis. Patience had the living
room done over inexpensively In soft
browns, and made the dining room,
with its ivory enamel and blue walls,
seem as though Intended for the blue
china inherited from her mother. Up
stairs the rooms were freshened with
white paint and fresh walls, and the
house stood transformed.
"I want to tell you, Max," announced
Patience, one evening, "that, now that
the house Is ready, and the lawn Is at
Its best, I feel that it should be put on
the market. There Is really nothing to
hinder my going now!"
Max looked at her fixedly for a mo
ment, then turned and left the room.
She had scarcely time to wonder until
he was back.
"Here!" He held out the gilt let
tered "Dressmaking" sign which for
some time had been at the side en
trance.
"Maxwell, what do you mean?" she
asked. Was this the easy-loving, in
different husband, who had been de
generating into a loafer, this decided
man whose blue eyes flashed so darkly,
and whose mouth was so firmly set?
"It means that, all the time you have
been making over this house, you have
been making me over, too, and that
now I am ready to take the Job off
your hands!"
Patience, her hands clasped over her
heart, did not speak. It was his hour
and he should dominate It. He went
on:
"Every word yon said that night
was trueonly I had blamed every one
else and excused myself. It has taken
three months of hard work on your
part to put me on the right track. I
have not told you that I have been
promoted twice since you brought me
up standing!"
He laughed tremulously in his ex
citement, but mastered Ids voice.
"Today they made me assistant man
ager in my department. Next year they
are going to enlarge the company, and
will take me inthey say they need a
Britton in the. firmimagine!"
With a single motion, he broke the
sign and threw It on the table.
"That's kindling wood, and nothing
moreever!" he declared masterfully.
"From now on, for the rest of the year,
you may use your needle for your own
and Dorsey's frills. Next year you are
to hire some one to do it for you. Pa
tience I" his victorious voice took on a*
note of pleading "your old shiftless
husband is goneforever! Won't yon
give the new one a trial?"
The resolute, self-controlled woman
had disappeared, leaving behind a sob
bing creature who clung to Maxwell,
trembling at his touch like a maiden
with her first love.
"I hoped that If I showed you what
our home might be, you would not let
me destroy it," she sobbed "every
stroke that has gone to make It lovely
has been for yonand Dorseyand to
keep ns together!"
The little home, dreaming cosily In
its green setting, seemed to smile with
happiness under the still moon, for it
was safe.
Tho Birth of a Bang.
Regimental bands piped the French
into Colmar and Strasbourg to the
tune of "Vous n'aurez par 1'Alsace et
la Lorraine." It Is one of the few
airs which have survived from the
multiplicity born of that period "of
storm and stress following upon the
Franco-German war. "Vous n'aurez
pas" was the result of a flash of In
spiration on the part of Its author,
Ben Tayou, just as was Rouget de
l'lsles's "Marseillaise," Patriotism was
the mother of both, and though "La
Marseillaise" will be sung long after
"Vous n'aurez pas" has been forgot
ten, Ben Tayon's song will have been
the song of stirring and happy days of
French history.
Silk Hats Again.
The reappearance of the tall hot in
London has been duly chronicled. It
Is not a new tall hat, but a rmre or
less worn article that went into In
ternment toward the close of 1914. In
the absence of the silk hat, the Horn
burg (Stetson) hat has obtained al
most complete domination as a cover
ing for the heads of such London men
as do not affect caps.
The cloak room of a London dub
showed four silk hats, fifty Hom
borgs, half a dozen, bowlers, and a bat
of straw. As the Horabirg has com*
to stay, its matt bo changed.
HOWTOUSERAW
BOCK PHOSPHATE
May Be Used Profitably as Re
enforcement to Stable Ma
nure or Plowing Under.
PROFITABLE AS PLANT FOOD
When Immediate Results Are Desired
Add Phosphate Is Preferable
Raw Rock Is Used as Absorb
ent In Dairy Barns.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
As a cheap and satisfactory source
of phosphoric acid, raw rock phos
phate merits extensive use on farms
In localities where the material Is
available. Nowadays when all com
mercial fertilizers are abnormally ex
pensive Is the time to make liberal nse
of raw rock as a re-enforcement of
stable manure, as a material to be dis
tributed and plowed under with greea
cover crops and as a profitable plant
food for direct application to soils
that are rich in organic matter.
The relative unpopularity' of raw
rock phosphate in the past has result
ed from Incomplete and unsatisfactory
experimental work. Recently the farm
use of raw rock has expanded to 91,-
000 tons annually, worth approximate
ly $750,000.
Of course when Immediate results
are desired, the more costly acid phos
phate Is preferable as Its plant food
Is readily soluble and suitable for rush
order use. Raw rock phosphate, al
though it' contains twice as much phos
phoric add as the average acid phos
phate, slowly releases its stores of
food for crop use. It costs about $6.50
Raw Rock Phosphate Can Be Used
Profitably to Re-enforco 8table Ma
nure.
a ton In carload lots now at the mines.
For practical results, it Is essential
that the raw rock be finely ground to
the extent that 90 per cent of the ma
terial will pass through a sieve having
100 meshes to the linear inch.
How to Spread.
Where the raw rock phosphate la
used as a re-enforcement for stable
manure, It may be spread at the rate
of 50 to 00 pounds over each ton of
manure as It Is hauled from the barn
or stable yard to the fields. A much
better practice, however, Is to compost
the rock with the manure for a period
of a month or more before spreading
on the fields. On account of Its ad
mirable absorptive qualities the raw
rock is used as an absorbent in* dairy
stables. The common practice Is to
spread about a pint of the material
daily behind each cow In the stable.
Where a green cover crop, such as
cowpeas or soy beans, is to be turned
under. It Is valuable practice to
spread about 1,000 pounds of raw-rock
phosphate an acre over the green stuff
before the plowing Is begun. Products
are developed during the decomposi
tion of the organic matter which are
efficient in liberating the plant food
that Is slowly available In the raw
rock. Where the raw-rock phosphate
Is applied in half-ton doses an acre to
a soil that Is very rich in organic mat
tei the same beneficial results are
slowly notable as obtained where the
fertiliser Is turned under with the
green crop.
Best Form of Add.
The presence of decaying organic
matter In the soil Increases the effec
tiveness of raw, ground rock phos
phates due probably both to greater
bacterial activity and the higher con
tent of carbon dioxide in such soils.
From a similar standpoint, the effec
tiveness of raw rock phosphate Is usu
ally Increased after remaining In the
soil for a year or more. Most crops
respond more quickly to applications
of acid phosphate than to bone, basic
slag or raw-rock phosphate. Accord
ingly, where the early stimulation and
quick maturity of the crop' are the
main considerations, acid phosphate Is
probably the best form of phosphoric
add to apply.
The question of whether increases
tn. yield ordinarily can be produced
more economically by applications of
soluble or relatively insoluble phos
phates, must be considered in a meas
ure an Individual problem for each
farmer, since it depends on a number
of factors of which the most important
are the nature of the soil, the crop
system employed, the price of the va
rious phosphates in each particular
locality and the length of the gi owing
season.
The Best Breed.
No one question comes to the ex
tension poultryman more often than
"Which Is the best breed?" and the
only justifiable answer, and the one
we have made hundreds of times, a\
There Is no best
THE TOMAHAWK. WHITE EARTH, MINN.
SEE ANTI-LEAGUE PLOT
Similar Bills Introduced in All
Northwest Legislatures.
Repeal of Primary Laws Creating
State Constabulary No Mere Co-
incidencePolitical Control From
Outside Apparent.
St. Paul, Minn.A striking feature
of the legislative sessions of 1919 in
the Northwestern states has been the
similarity of the bills that have been
introduced by reactionary legislators.
In every Northwestern state, with
the sole exception of North Dakota,
bills were introduced to go back to
the corrupt convention system of nom
inating candidates for office, thus kill
ing the direct primary, for which the
people carried on a battle for years.
In Idaho the bill repealing the direct
primary has been enacted into law
and signed by the governor. In Minne
sota the bill has passed the lower
house, Governor Burnquist's forces
are urging its passage by the senate
and the governor stands ready to sign
it as soon as it is passed.
For Constabulary.
The governors of Minnesota, Mon
tana, Idaho, Washington, Colorado,
and Nebraska, with great unanimity,
all recommended the establishment of
state constabularies, thus continuing
militarism and giving employers a
powerful club to use in coercing em
ployes in case of labor troubles. Min
nesota and Idaho, which take the lead
in reactionary legislation, both have
approved the constabulary bills. It
Is probable that they will be killed in
other states.
Red flag bills, criminal syndicalism
bills, drawn in similar language, have
also been introduced and passed in
most of the Northwestern states. Most
of these bills probably were intended
by the men who introduced them, to
enable the authorities to put down law
lessness, but many of them, notably
the so-called Minnesota red flag bill,
were drawn so as to prohibit farmers'
organizations from showing any insig
nia of their own. Some of the bills
gave such broad powers that they
could easily have been used by unfair
officials to bar any kind of action by
labor'or farmers' organizations during
a political campaign.
No Coincidence.
There is such a marked similarity
between the programs of the reaction
aries in the various states that it
can not be put down as a mere co
Incidence. The evidence points unmis
takably to a political control outside
of the Northwest, that has induced
11 the governors to urge state con
stabularies, that has sought to have
all the legislatures deny the voters
the right to select their own candidates
and that has tried to use the name of
patriotism to hoodwink the people.
TO FORM LABOR PARTY
Illinois Unions Vote 10 to 1 to Join
Movement.
Chicago.Union labor In Illinois has
"placed Itself almost solidly behind the
labor party movement, according to
an announcement at the offices of the
secretary of the Illinois Federation of
Labor. In the referendum sent out
by the federation on the question of
endorsing the labor party, the returns
show the following:
In the state at large, 354 locals de
clared in favor of the labor party,
while 35 locals were against the move
menta 10 to 1 decision. Al. Towers,
assistant secretary, was highly elated
over the results. He declared it to be
a splendid victory for the cause of
union labor.
"It shows that union labor down
state is realizing that it must unite
for a political as well as economic
fight," said Mr. Towers. "In all of the
campaigns which are now in the past,
our people have been entirely too in
different on this subject. We have
seen union labor get the worst of It so
often that the spectacle became rath
er commonplace."
No one of the big nations ever took
possession of a weaker nation except
for "the good of the people." This
charitable, unselfish purpose is well
summed up in the phrasethe white
man's burden. Nor should we over
look the modern Improvement here on
the gospel of Christ.
Our modern statesmen carry His
principle of service to others to the
point of fighting for a chance to ren
der It
SHERIFF PAYS GILBERT
Former League Man Collects
Damages for Kidnaping.
Martin County Official Settles Out of
CourtCase Started What George
Creel Terms "Reign of Terror"
In Minnesota.
St. Paul, Minn.Sheriff Carver of
Martin county, who was sued by Jo
seph Gilbert, former organization di
rector of the National Nonpartisan
league, as an aftermath of the kidnap
ing of Gilbert a year ago, has settled
the case out of court and paid Gilbert
$200.
The Gilbert kidnaping case started
what George Creel, chairman of the
United States committee on informa
tion, terms "the reign of terror" in
Minnesota.
Although Gilbert was at liberty un
der bond fixed by the Ramsey county
district court, pending trial on a case
in Martin county, which has since
been dismissed, Sheriff Carver, acting
under instructions of Albert It. Allen,
then county attorney of Martin coun
ty, came to St. Paul with William
Roepke, his deputy, and placed Gilbert
under arrest. A writ of habeas cor
pus was at once applied for, but be
fore the writ could be issued, Gilbert
had been spirited out of town by
Roepke. The former league employe
was taken to Fairmont, the county
seat of Martin county, over 100 miles
away, and lodged in jail. He was re
leased tho next day, when Sheriff
Carver wired Allen that a writ of
habeas corpus had been issued.
HAYES TOJIO 6, 0. P.
National Chairman Visits Minne
sota to Restore Harmony.
Burnquist Spoils Chance of Healing
Breach in Party by Making Vitu
perative Attack on Creel for Story
in Everybody's Magazine.
St. Paul, Minn.As a result of tho
split in the party ranks due to the
blunders made by Governor J. A. A.
Burnquist of Minnesota, Chairman W.
H. Hays of the national republican
committee was forced to come to the
Twin Cities the other day In the hope
of restoring harmony.
Any hope of harmony was destroyed
however, when Governor Burnquist at
a large raUy in the St. Paul auditori
um renewed his attacks on the Nation*
al Nonpartisan League and In vitu
perative language gave the He to
George Creel chairman of the United
States committee on public informa
tion. Creel's article In the March
number of Everybody's magaslne, de
scribing the reign of terror In Min
nesota, placed the responsibility for
near lynchings and tar and feather
parties on Governor Burnquist and the
Minnesota Public Safety commission.
Mr. Hays spoke at a luncheon and a
reception In Minneapolis, before the
Minnesota senate and at the rally In
the evening.
Others Also.
Agitators! Agitators! That Is one
of the cries raised against the Nonpar
tisan league. If by the term agitator
Is meant the people who believe that
the present order of affairs can be im
proved upon and have set about by the
most perfect and effective means to
secure a change of legislature to bring
about this reform, then the farmers
and the laborers are agitators. In the
same sense George Washington was an
agitator so was John Adams so was
Benjamin Franklin. For that matter,
Christ himself was an agitator. He
was not satisfied with the conditions
of his times and he was finally cruci
fied. It does not necessarily imply that
a person is undesirable because he is
not satisfied with the conditions as he
finds them. Progress comes that way.
The progressives make the world pro
gress. The standpatters are perfectly
satisfied to have things stand as they
are. Let's progress.Norman County
(Minn.) Post.
Those terrible league legislators In
North Dakota have taken the "Social
ist-Bolshevik" position again by In
dorsing Wilson's 14 peace (arms.
COMBINE WOULD
BEAT N. 0.LAWS
Grain Interests in Minnesota!
Hope to Use Federal
Courts.
PLAN REFERENDUM**
Independent Voters' Association Male*
Ing Preparations to Refer Back to
People Laws Passed by Legisla-
tureBelieved Plan Will Fail.
Grain interests of Minnesota, realiz
ing that they have no chance to beat
the Nonpartisan League program be
fore the people of North Dakota, are
planning to fight the North Dakota
laws before the federal courts.
Owners of elevators all over the
Northwest are receiving letters from
Minneapolis headquarters, asking them
to contribute funds toward making
this effort to head off the people's
program.
Attorneys say there is no prospect
that the federal courts will attempt
to enjoin the state of North Dakota
from carrying out measures with tho
people of that state want .passed. The
only chance of the grain trust to havo
the federal courts take jurisdiction is
in regard to the railroad rate law, on
account of the railroads now being
under government control. However,
as the supreme court of the United
States has upheld the Minnesota rate
laws, upon which the North Dakota
rate law is based, there is no ground
for believing that the opponents of the
League will be successful in this re
spect. I
The "Independent Voters' associa-
tion," an organization formed in North
Dakota to fight the Nonpartisan league
and financed by the bitterest farmer
haters In the state, is frankly up in the
air as to its own course. The associa
tion wants to Invoke the referendum
on virtually all the bills of the League
program but knows that such a course
would arouse resentment and defeut
its own object. The course that prob
ably will be decided on will be to at
tempt to refer a few of the measures,
on the theory that a light vote at a
special election might result in de
feating one or more of these and thus
make the rest of the League program
unworkable.
The League men are perfectly will
ing that such an election should be
held. While the North Dakota con
stitution requires 30,000 signers to an
Initiative petition to 'force a special
election, Governor Frazler lias prom
ised to call a special election If only
half this number sign.
The League farmers are confident
that at a special election they can
give their opponents a final beating
that will settle for all time whether
the people want the program that they
have been seeking for years.
INCOME TAX ANALYZED
Washington, D. C.More than
three-quarters of tho Income which
goes to the rich people of the United
States, is in the form of rent, Interest
and profits.
Tho United States department of
internal revenue has just published a
summary of statistics of Income based
on the Income figures for 1916.
At that time there were 429,401 peo
ple who received "taxable" incomes.
That is, incomes in excess of $3,000
for single persons and $4,000 for mar*
rled persons.
The total amount of "gross" income
received by these people was $8,350,-
000,000. One fifth of this total was
Income from personal services, either
in the form of salaries or of profes
sional fees. Three-tenths was income
from business in the form of profits.
The remainder (46 per cent) was
"Income from property," divided a
follows:
Rents, $602,000,000.
Interest, 1668,000,000.
Dividends, $2,136,000,000.
These three Items with certain mis
cellaneous Incomes from property
brought the total In this class up to
$3,861,000,000.
People with smaller Incomes re
ceived three-quarters of their income
from personal services and from busi
ness profits. People with the higher
incomes received one-third of their in
come from personal service and busi
ness profits and two-thirds from prop
erty.
In the case of those individuals hav
ing incomes between $500,000 and 81,-
000,000 a year (there were 376 of
them) the division was as follows:
$11,600,000 in salaries and $94,000,000
in business profits $8,000,000 in
rents $23,000,000 as interest and $136..
000,000 as dividends.
The total income from property of
these 376 persons was $200,000,000.
Pass Cossack Bill.
Charleston, W. Va.The state sen
ate has passed a constabulary bill de
spite strenuous opposition of organ
ized labor. Trade unionists declare
that the senate's action is in line with
the anarchy that Is being established
in various sections of the state by em
ploying interests. It Is stated that In
Davis and Piedmont workers have
been denied the right of assemblage,
and in McDowell county deputy sher
iffs are denying miners the right to
hold meetings or join the miners*
union. Similar conditions exist in Lo
gan county and other sections of the
state while the legislature in passing
red flag laws and other legislation "im
check the growth of boUhevlsau"

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