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Justice and Fair Dealing for every Indian who desires to become a good Citizen. THE TOMAHAWK. Official Organ of the Minnesota Chippewas. GUS H. BEAUUEU, Founder. Edited by THE TOMAHAWK PUB. CO, White Earth Agency, Minnesota. SUBSCRIPTION: S1.50 PER TEAR I I ADVANCE From latest advises it is probable that the Indian Appropriation Bill will pass in practically the same form as it was reported from con ference committee at the close of the last session of Congress. The most lamentable political Sell of tbe present administration is the Indian Bureau, as its Merrit is of DO earthly consequence to the progressive Indian, especially the industrious and law-abiding Chip pewas of Minnesota. It should be abolished and its 7,000 employees merged into the producing element of world democracy. When the influences of the I. W. W. incite a strike in one of the many big cities of the United States and 200,000 or 500,000 lab orers, mostly recruits from alien shores, begin an indiscriminate destruction of property, employ high explosives to destroy valuable manufacturing plants, in many instances killing policemen and in nocent civilians, the authorities and big newspapers passively style this kind of savagery and moral incompetency as a "strike," but when Mr. Spotted Tail or some other worthy Iudian goes to the agency office and insists on getting what is his or his family's rights and gets to be rather "decided" in his insistence of his righteous de mands the agents immediately wire the Indian Bureau and, in turn, the Indian Bureru generally sends a S. O. S. call to the .War Department-and informs said de partment in a "haste and dread" manner that an "Indian Outbreak" is about to take place.Dr. Chas. A. Eastman. Indians Blocked By Bureau, Charge. Washington, D. C.,May 24 General debate on the $15,000,000 Indian appropriation bill was com pleted last Friday by the House in accordance with the schedule ar ranged by Republicans for rushing through appropriation measures which failed in the last Congress and which must be passed before July 1. The bili will come up to morrow for debate under the five minute rule and for final passage During debate on the Indian appropriation bill Representative Dallinger, Republican, of Massa chusetts, declared the reason the Indian was not given his full rights of citizenship was due to opposi tion of the Indian Bureau, officers of which, he said, would be with out jobs once justice was dine to the Red man. The diicussion as to responsibil ity for failure of large appropria tion measures in the last Congress was renewed during debate on the Indian bill when Representative Fess of Obits Republican, atserted it was not the Senate filibuster of the last fcession which prevented the measures being passed but tb failure of the Democratic mem bers in the bouse to pass the bilU until such a late date they could not be reported ont by tbe Senate committees.Pioneer Press. J**'- Defends the Indian. (Clarence R. Beaulieuin Minneap olis Tribune.) "Your correspondent, Wm. T. Ellis, at Constantinople, arrives at some very improbable, illogical conclusions of international law in his copy right entitled, 'Indians Would Get United States by East ern Logic,' in your morning pa per, dated May 12. He can prove it by Eastern analogy on tbe grounds of 'historical rights.' He says 'the most vociferous claims that are going to Paris from this part of the world are stressing historical rights as a primary ar gument. That is why Armenia says the heart of Turkey should come to her, even though she rep resents but a tenth of the popula tion. For the same reason Greece demands Thrace and Western Anatolia, the Jews want Palestine, Georgians' claim independence and a big slice of the Black sea coast, which in some far-distant day be longed to their ancestors.' He also says just as logically, 'the Indians from the reservation could demand a hearing at Paris and, the return of all the lands over which once their forefathers roamed, but they have no leg to stand on by the principal of majority rule.' Why bring the American Indian into an Eastern controversy in which they are not at all concerned? They are not at the peace table in Paris clamoring for self-determination, which they have a perfect right in equity to assert. Your correspond ent goes on and states, 'Nor can we turn all New York as a mattstdaymust over to the red Indians from up state reservations. Common sense, common interests, common pur poses alone can dominate the world and make it a decent place to live in.' Iu answer to this narrow statement, the writer wants to know by what authority of law or common sense, common interests, common purpose was tbe American Indian relegated to the narrow confines of reservation limits? What does his definition of common sense, interest and purposes really mean? The Ameri can Indians advocate common sense theories, when there are such, and when they are put into practice for^ the benefit of all re gardless of color, race or creed. But they have yet to see these theories put into practice. Ac cording to your correspondent's principle of logic, the majority rules, regardless of tbe conse quences, right or wrong. Ten robbers may trespass upon your correspondent's property and take it away from him and it would be perfectly all right, according to his theory of 'majority rule.' Might is right and the trespass and taking away are two wrongs which make one right. Hue of force, physically if necessary, by majority rule is bis common sense theory. Wbfrh has the greater weight of Christian authority to support it, 'majority rule' or 'his torical right'? No one knows any better than the American Indians do what Western logic is, They see it every day in every fiber of modern civilization. They know that they are not getting their just dues because tbey know that they are in the minority. They know that being relegated to the narrow confines of reservation limits is the neit thing to being sent into Siberia. They VoL XVII. White Earth, Becker County, Minnesota, Thursday, May 29, 1919. their ancestors because someone said again that 'they are wards, incapable of understanding any thing about civil rights." They know that their neighbors do not want their society politically, socially or otherwise, even though these Christian neighbors pretend to assert the contrary. You tell a child that he never was any good, is no good and never will bo any good, and what will you eventual ly have i The above pathetic story is the result of a theory your cor respondent advocates and which finally involved all the countries into armed conflict. The Ameri can Indian has some rights, even though be is in the minority. He generously gave what he could to assist in bringing about a victor iour conclusion of tbe war. His son was on that flaming battlefield to do or die for the sake of free dom and democracy. All that he wants is a square deal and tbe white man's chance. He wants the privilege of becoming a good citizen with equal riffhts and im munities as such. The comments of the press and photo screens have not at all times given the real American a square deal, and your correspondent's article, to say tbe least, is without justification. If the press and alied advertising know1 THE HAWK OFFICIAL ORGAN O THE MINNESOTA CHIPPEWAS. Truth before Pavor." Official Notice of tbe Seventh Annual Session of the Gen eral Council of the Chippewa Indians of Minnesota. Pursuant to provisions in tlie Con stitution of the General Council of Minnesota .Chippewa Indians which was adopted at Cass Lake. Minn., on the 8th day of May, 1913, and an a mended by the General Council at its fourth annual session held at Bernidji Minn., July 11th, 1916, the annual meeting of said General Couneil of Chippewa Indians of Minnesota will be held at Bemidji, Minn., beginning the 8th, day of July. 1919. Your attention ia invited to Article 6 of the Constitution which reads as follows: "The basis ot representation to the Councils of this organization shall be one delegate for each one hundred members or fraction thereof, of the White Earth and Red Lake reservations, and reservations ceded under the provisions of the Act of Congress of January fourteenth, eigh teen hundred and eighty-nine (25 U. S. Stats.. 642). Such delegates shall be elected on the first Tuesday in June of each year, by the Local Councils of the said reservations or ceded reservations. Notices shall be posted and given by the properofficers of said local councils and said notices shall be given and posted in each and every settlement and burg- within said reservation or ceded reservation for a period of not less than twenty days, specifying the time and place of the election ofsuch delegates." Where there is no properly organized local council it shall devolve upon the Executive Committeeof the reserva tion to call a council for the purpose of electing delegates. In respect to Article referred to above, delegates to the General Coun cil be selected on the first Tues in June, which will be June 3rd, 1919. Careful attention and good judg ment must be exercised by each and every Chippewa Indian interested, to fully observe the above Article and by so doing avoid any dispute that may arise from irregular appointment which in councils prior to the coming council has so manifestly caused considerable annoyance.. Dated at Red Lake. Minnesota, Mayl, 1919. PAUL H. BEAULIEU, Secretary of General Council of Chippewa Indians of Minnesota. mediums cannot say anything good that tbey cannot enjoy the free use about the American Indians it I of what little property they have would be better not to say any- I left because someone said they are thing at all these real Americans 'incompetents' incapable of mak- believe in minding th-i own busi ing contracts or handling their own affairs. They knowthat they are not citizens in the country of ness and they wish to work out their own salvation according to modern ideals, without unjust] fin criticism, in the hope that they, too, might aid in making this world a decent place to live in. There's a Nigger in the Woodpile. REASONS Wf THE INDIAN BUREAU VAS NOT BEEN ABOLISHED. (J. j*NDoherty, in the Ashland, Wis.. CALL,.) Ashlandi Wis., May 10, 1919. Editor, Weekly Call: Dear Sir:--I notice in your pub lication of last issue, an article that appears to be a matter of 'in- teresting news, and for that, reason I furnish further comment on samethe abolishment of the In dian Bureau as proposed by. peti tion from the legislature.* This proceedure from that source I be lieve is the first and most proper to attract attention, for proposals for the same results have for the past decede been as common as the yearly North-east wind. And why? It will not require any great stretch of imagination to realize why the failure of the abolishment of tbe Indian Bureau, when you are possessed with the fact that the 7,000 employees who take care of 300.000 Indians up hold the ideas for the continuation of the system and the friends of the Indian appropriation bills which provides for their salaries. I have never heard of any em ployees advocating the discontinu ation of the system. If he did he *r.rely has anew job in sight. J. J. Doherty. Gharges Indians Fleeced. Dr. Charles A. Eastman Asserts Federal Bureau Must 60. Charges that the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs is "squeezing the blood" from the Indians whose affairs it adminis ters, "stealing N whatever they have" and destroying the old high idealistic morality of the race, were made by Dr. Charles A. Eastman, president of the Society of American Indians, who spoke at the "Little Theater" at the University of Minnesota last week. Dr. Eastman, himself a full blooded Sioux and a Dartmouth college man, was in Minneapolis to arrange for the coming con vention there next fall of the Na tional Intertribal convention of the society. The convention, Dr. Eastman said, will be a protest meeting and will call on Congress to abolish (|he Bureau altogether. LOCAL DRUGGISTS MAKE A STATEMENT Local people should know that a fow doses of simple buckthorn bark, glycerine, etc., as mixed in Adler-i ka, often relieve or prevent appen dicitis. Because this simple mix ture flushes the alimentary tract COMPLETELY it relieves ANY CASE constipation, sour stomach or gas. A short treatment helpB chronic stomach trouble. Adler-i ka has easiest and most thorough action of anything we ever sold. I. HAMILTON, DRUGGIST. Ogema, Minn. When you want the best In Groceries, Dry Goods, Winter Clothing, Footwear, etc, call on us. We're right here every day in the year (except Sunday) to supply you with any and everything you may need in THE BEST AND PUREST GROCERIES IN THE MARKET. The B. L. Fairbanks Company, Miite Earth, Hinnesota. Published in behalf of, and to secure the welfare of the Indians of the United States. RURAL MAIL CARRIE AM1NATION. The United States Civil Service Commission has announced an ex amination to fill the positiou of Rural Carrier at Waubun and other vacancies that may occur in the County of Mahnomen, Minn, the examination will be held at White Earth, Minn., on June 28, 1919. Information and application blanks can be had at either the Waubun or White Earth post office^ or by writing the U. S. Civil Service Commission, at Washington, D. C. The Society Of. AMERICAN INDIANS. A NATIONAL OBGANIZAT'ION OK AMERICANS Oiyunlieii mt Ohio Stmte University. APRIL, 11911. MEMBERSHIP \WWWWWWWWWMI $2 ActiveIncluding Magazine, annually. Junior ActiveIndians under 21 years of age. Including Maga zine, $1.50 annually. Without Magazine, 50c annually. Application for membership should be made to the Secretary-Treasur er, Society of American Indians, 707 20th Street, Washington, D. C. Information regarding the Society will be cheerfully furnish ed upon inquiry to the Secretary Treasurer, Washington, D. C. Dr. CHARLES EASTMAN, President, Amherst, Mass.