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TRAINING PLANS Secretary of War Desires Mili tary Course in Universities and High Schools. GENERAL STAFF BUSY Baker Declares That Men in the Army Ghould Be Trained in Educational and Vocational Matters as Well as War Science. Washington, May 31.Secretary of War Baker, before the house military affairs committee, advocated military training in connection with universi ties and high schools. Although he did not give specific details of his plans, Baker stated he hopes to see the army an "institution of education." Men in the army should he. trained in education and vocational matters, as well as military science, he said. Baker said he had instructed the general staff to begin development of the educational plan immediately. Kahn to Push Bill. Chairman Julius Kahn of the house military affairs committee expects to give his peace time military program to the house next Monday. Kahn plans to push through a mili tary appropriation bill, since it should be passed before July 1, without any reference to military policy, then give the latter phrase extensive considera tion later. Demobilization, "rapid as it has been," has not changed financial needs of the war department esti mated last December, Mr. Baker said. Provision for an army of 509,000, agreed on by the committee last ses sion, had been reported again, Mr. Baker said. This "average" army for 1919-20 and "certain continuations pro posed by the department," would* re quire the $1,117,000,000 carried by the bill, Baker added. Purchase of Fields Planned. As representative of "continua tions," Baker said, it was planned to purchase and complete the Dayton Wright flying field. He suggested also completion of "Langley field as a per manent station for the air service." "We have not made use of all moneys appropriated for the emer gency," Baker said. "We do not pro pose to use them without further au thorization. Our policy since the armistice has been to save on all plans except where, by arresting war work, an economic disturbance would result." The war department will not begin return of bodies of American soldiers who died in Prance "sooner than six or seven months," Baker said. WAR CLOUDS GROW DARKER Costa Rica and Nicaragua May Un sheath Sword. Washington, May 31.-Oeneral Joa quin Tinoco, brother of the president pf Costa Rica and minister of war in the Cota Rican cabinet, has returned to his command of 5,006 men in the province of Guanacaste on the Nicar guan frontier and is waiting to cross the boundary on word from San Jose that Congress has declared war on the neighboring state, advices received through official channels by the Nicar aguan legation said. General Tinoco left his command last week and went to the capital where he urged upon his brother, the president, and upon Congress, the de sirability of declaring war on Nicar agua.. SALE OF SURPLUS SUPPLIES War Department Will Dispose of Canned Meats. Washington, May 31.First steps by the War department looking to disposi tion of part of the enormous surplus stock of canned and cured meat held by it were taken with the mailing of invitations for bids to some 1,200 of the larger state and municipal hospi tails, asylums and charitable and penal institutions. At conferences recently between War department officials and the in dustry it was agreed to export as much of the 142,000,000 pounds of surplus meat as possible. MAY PREVENT GREAT FIGHT Bill Is Made Special Order in Ohio House for June 17. Columbus, May 31.Legislature ef forts to' stop the Wilard-Dempsey heavyweight prize fight to be held at Toledo, July 4, will be centralized in the house of representatives June 17, Representative .Dunn's bill giving the governor authority to stop prize fights was made a special order of business for that time. Holland to Aid France. Washington. May 31.The council of state at the Hague has introduced a bill providing for a five-year credit Of $5,000,000 from the Dutch treasury to the French government for use in the restoration of the devastated por tions of France. Ssker Renews Army Plea. Washington, 2Iay 31.Secretary Baker renewed before the house mili tary committee his recommendation that congress provide a temporary of 509,000 raen. SELECT GEN. ANGELES Mexican Rebels Declare Him Provisional President. Carranza Officials Deny Persistent Reports That Chihuahua City Has'Been Surrounded. Dallas, Texas, May 31.General Felipe Angeles has been declared provisional president of Mexico by Villastas a/id Francisco Villa has been proclaimed secretary of war, according to confidential informa tion received here by Darlo W. Silva, formerly a member of Villa's staff. Juarez, Mex., May 31.Concentra- tion of Mexican federal forces at Juarez continued with the arrival from Villa Ahumada of 200 troops of the 4th regular cavalry, commanded by Colonel Ceddalloa. Persistent reports that General Vil la and General Angeles have surround ed Chihuahua city and have cut off the market supply there are denied by Mexican authorities here. They admit, however, that no trains will be run between Juarez and.Chi huahua city. Resolution In Senate. Washington, May 31. Senator George H. Moses, Republican, New Hampshire, Introduced a resolution designed to prohibit transfer of Car ranza troops across United States ter ritory without authorization by con gress. The resolution recited that if troops were permitted to cross Ameri can soil, such permit "would be con strued by Villa forces as justifying reprisals against the lives and prop erty" of Americans in Mexico. The measure was referred to the foreign relations committee. STUDYING GERMAN ANSWER Allies Will Make Final Reply as Soon as Possible. Paris, May 31.The representa tives of the Allied and associated pow ers now have before them the answer of Germany to the peace terms. Under the procedure adopted by the Peace congress the reply of the Ger mans to the various clauses of the treaty, consisting mainly of counter proposals seeking to lessen the sever ity of the Allied terms, will be con sidered by the members of the council of four, who will digest the views of the enemy and report back their deci sion as quickly as possible. This de cision is to be final and Germany then will be compelled either to sign or reject. In case of a declination to sign, British, French and American troops are prepared to take such steps as Marshal Foch .may deem necessary, while at sea the blockade against Germany is ready to be tightened again. STRAIN DROVE MEN INSANE Several Thousand Hun U-Boat Sailors Lost Their Reason. Basle, May 31.Germany lost 198 submarines during the war, acording to statistics published in the Berlin Vossisclie Zeitung. This number in cluded seven submarines interned in foreign ports and 14 destroyed by their own crews. More than 3,000 sailors lost their lives in the submarine sinkings, the statistics show, while several thou sand others lost their reason and had to be committed to lunatic asylums. MANY. MEN SECURING WORK Growing Demand for Farm Labor Given as Reason. Washington, May 31.A growing de mand for farm labor is decreasing the amount of unemployment over the country, the United States employ ment service reported in presenting a summary for the week ending May 24, showing 227,425 persons classed as un employed, against 247,365 the previous week. Over half the unemployed were reported in New York city, where the estimate ran that from 100,000 to 125,- 000 were seeking work. BRITISH DEBT TO AMERICA House of Commons Told Amount la $4,260,000,000. London, May 31.J. Austen Cham berlain, chancellor of the exchequer, announced in the house of commons that the present indebtedness of the British government to the American government is $4,260,000,000 while the various American departments owe the British departments roughly $210,- 000,000. Pioneer Rifleman Dead. Milwaukee, May 31.John Mennier, 85, pioneer Milwaukeean and noted American sharpshooter, is dead. In 1866 he won the national snapshoot ing honors at Chicago and in 1872 de fended his title against all comers at Highland, 111. During his career he won 76 gold medals and many silver trophies. Suit Against Ty Cobb. Detroit, Mich., May 31.Ty Cobb fa defendant in a $10,000 damage suit filed April 26 by Ada Morris, a ne gress. The plaintiff alleges Cobb kicked her following an altercation in a Detroit hotel April 25. Australian Champion Beaten. Vancouver, B. C, May 31.Frank Barrieau, Canadian middleweight champion, was awarded the decision at the end of a 15-round match here with Mickey King, Australian cham pion. THE TOMAHAWK, WHITE EARTH, MINN. GERMAN ENVOYS AFTER GETTING TERMS Count von Brockdorf-Rantzau and other German envoys leaving the Tri- anon palace, Versuilles, after the conditions of peace were read to them. FRENCH SPEAKER DEFENDS TREATY Captain Andre Tardieu Asserts Peace Terms Given to Ger many Are Honest. AGREE WITH PROGRAM Declares Conditions Are Efficient, for in That World Which Is Incited to Peace They Make Germany Truly Harmless. Beaune, France, May 31.In an ad dress at the closing exercises of Beaune university, where 10.000 Amer ican student soldiers have been study ing since the armistice was signed, Captain Andre Tardieu, member of the French peace delegation and for mer head of the general commission for Franco-American war matters, de fended the treaty of peace, Treaty Honest, First of All. He said in discussing the treaty: "First, it is honest, it agrees with our program of war, with our public en gagements and with our conception.of international life. To find matters for reproach in this character is to un derstand altogether what ideas have contributed to our victory and to strip us in peace time of one of our greatest forces in the war. "Besides it is common to us both and vouched for in every one of its articles by the whole hearted adhe sion of your and of the Allied govern ment. While he is studying and dis cussing this same treaty, the enemy well knows that he has a block of granite in front of him. If anyone tries to belittle this solidarity he thereby confesses that he has learned nothing from the lessons of the war or from the creative greatness of our union. "Finally it Is efficient, for in that world which it Invites to peace it make's Germany truly harmless. It forces her to repair everything which she could and can repair everything which the universal conscience of the world demands that she should repair. Warns Against Intrigues. "To challenge the need of such a guarantee is to confess to having lived for Ave years outside of humanity and to ignoring the martyrdom which such aggression has inflicted on it." Captain Tardieu warned the Ameri cans against intrigues at home and abroad which he said tended to break down the friendship between America and France and might "befog the con science of the people." BREAKS LAUNCHING RECORD Five Large Freighters Take Water at Hog Island. Philadelphia, May 31.Never again will the United States be guilty of the folly of trusting its foreign commerce to the ships of other nations or of quitting the shipbuilding industry, de clared Secretary of the Navy Josephus Daniels at Hog Island shipyards. The occasion was the successful launch ing of five steel freightersthe great est single day's launching in the his tory of any yard in the world. The five vessels added 39,000 tons to the American Merchant Marine. Hurley to Reconsider Order. Washington, May 31.Pacific coast shipbuilders obtained from Chairman Hurley of the Shipping board a prom ise to reconsider cancellations of steel ship contracts in their yards, with a view to reinstating of substituting new work if injustice had been done. Tin Restrictions to Be Raffed. New York, May 31.Import restric tions on tin ore and tin concentrates are to be removed July next. RUSSIANS GIVEN FOOD American Red Cross Ship Fur nishes Supplies. British Relief Expedition Arrives al Archangel and Creates Fine Impression. Archangel, May 31.The first Amer ican unit to sail for home will be a battalion which has held the Vologda railway front. The few American in fantry and engineer detachments still in the front line positions are fighting in continuous daylight. There is no midnight sun, but for two or three hours after 11 o'clock at night there is hazy twilight over Northern Russia. The inhabitants of villages along the Kola peninsula have been relieved from starvation by an American Red Cross ship which has returned here after penetrating the ice floes. This ship commanded by Capt. J. R. Cle well of Bellingbam, Wash., was the first craft to visit the villages since the American Red Cross ship, was there last autumn. Large crowds, including many Amer ican and Russian soldiers, witnessed a parade of the British relief force which arrived here. All the British soldiers are picked men and created a fine impression. They were agree ably disappointed to find, instead of the expected Arctic conditions, warm, bright sunshine and green grass. LYNCHING MAY BE PROBED Congress Asked to Investigate Mob Action at Lamar, Mo. New York, May 31.The nation wide campaign for a Congressional in vestigation of lynching has been in augurated as result -of the mob mur der of Jay Lynch, a white man at La mar, Mo., the national association for the advancement of colored people an nounced. Authorities having been prov en unable and in many cases unwill ing to cope with mob violence, the as sociation said, Congressional action was necessary to set in motion ma chinery for ending "this threat to civil ization." PETITIONS IN CIRCULATION National Prohibition Is Being At tacked in 11 States. San Francisco, May 31.With the circulation of referendum petitions against the national prohibition amendment actually begun in Okla homa and Nebraska, eleven wet states now are attacking the amendment by referendum. Theodore A. Bell, at torney for the California Grape Pro tective association, was informed. The other states where petitions are being circulated are California, Wash ington, New Mexico, Colorado, Mis souri, Ohio, Arkansas, Michigan and Maine, Mr. Bell said. FAVOR IMMEDIATE REPEAL Two-thirds of House Members Oppose Daylight Saving. Washington, May 31.Two-thirds of the house members favor immediate repeal of the daylight saving law, ac cording to polls, Chairman P. P. Camp bell of the rules committee stated. Meanwhile protests against the re peal were made before the rules com mittee by Henry Sterling, legal repre sentative of the American Federation, of Labor. Yukon Passes Liquor Law. Dawson. Y. T May 31.The terri torial legislature has pa*sso a lawi forbidding the sale of liquors within Yukon territory after Sept. 1. A plebi scite on the future liquor policy will be held early next year. France to Kite Tobacco Tax. Paris, May 31.The ministry of finance, it became known, proposed to increase the tax on imported tobacco 100 per cent. The tax on French to bacco will be raised 25 per cent Bemidji.Attorney P. J. Russell will be Memorial day orator here at the services to be held at the Grand thea ter during the afternoon. Sauk Rapids.Nearly $3,000 was realized at the recent bazar of the Catholic church. Preparations for the srection of a new parochial residence are. under way. Moorhead.Plans for a co-operative advertising campaign by the mer chant's were discussed at the annual meeting of the Merchants' association following a banquet in Masonic hall. East Grand Forks.Reconstruction work on the stone paving of De Mers avenue, next to the bridge, has been completed. This paving has been in very bad shape for a number of years. East Grand Forks.The Sullivan Brothers Land company of East Grand Forks announce they have a number of garden plots that will be given to any one who will apply at their office. Bemidji. W. G. Schroeder, pro prietor of the Alfalfa dairy farm, an nounces that his thirty Holstein cows are producing 500 quarts of milk daily, a record production for this season of the year at his dairy. Mankato.The body of John Otto was found hanging in a barn at the rear of his home. He had committed suicide by hanging with a clothesline to one of the rafters in the barn. Ill health and despondency are thought to have prompted the act. St. Paul.Orders for 27,000 tons of coal in the new supply of 125,000 tons for state institutions'were placed by the state board of control. The first purchase is for institutions in the northern half of the state and Is all dock coal bought f. o. b. Duluth. St. Paul.Two masked men entered and robbed the St. Anthony Park State bank here of $2,000 shortly after lpm. Two women, a bookkeeper and an assistant cashier were the only persons in the bank at the time. The robbers escaped in an automobile. St. Paul.First to organize under the new Minnesota law relating to co operative corporations, the Buffalo Lake Cq-operaiive store of Buffalo Lake filed articles in the office of the secretary of state. It is capitalized at $40,000, to engage in any lawful mercantile, manufacturing or agricul tural business. St. Paul.Robert L. Scott of Clay county was elected president of the Minnesota Seed Potato Inspection and Certification board at the organization meeting held at the state farm. Dean Thatcher of the state agricultural col lege was elected secretary, and A. J. Tolass, chief inspector.. Bemidji.Dr. R. C. Norcross of Bemidji suffered a severe cut in his left leg when the steering wheel of his Ford broke and his car was ditched. The doctor, accompanied by Dr. H. F. Billings, was near Scribner, en route to Red Lake on a business trip, when the accident occurred. Chisholm. Chisholm's celebration of the Fourth this year will be made notable by the presence of the famous One Hundred and Fifty-first artillery, or Gopher gunners' band, fresh from overseas, a chamber of commerce com mittee having signed up the noted organization for the day. Returned soldiers will figure prominently in the day's events. St. Cloud.The sixty-second anni versary of the First M. E. church was marked by a banquet of over 200 guests. The pastor, Rev. George E. Tindall, spoke briefly of the church's history and introduced Rev. W. C. Lee, the district superintendent, who presented Dr. F. E. Ross of Columbus, Ohio, a former pastor of the church, the chief speaker. Slayton.A commission company for the sale of grain handled by the farmers' elevators in this state was organized here by representatives of farmers' elevators in the counties of Murray, Cottonwood," Nobles and Pipestone. The association will be state-wide, with headquarters in St. Paul. A district meeting to further the organization will be held at Man kato In the near future. St. P'aul.The state forestry board has discussed proposed purchases of lands to enlarge Itasca State park and also the improvements to be made this year at Douglas lodge, a summer re sort maintained in the park. Itasca park now contains a tract seven miles long and five miles wide and the 1919 legislature authorized the purchase of additional land to make the park area seven miles square. Options already obtained on many pieces in the tract probably will be closed soon. St. Paul. Thrifty housewives can have fancy fish fresh from the lakes delivered anywhere in Minnesota at wholesale prices, under an offer made late yesterday by Carlos Avery, state game and fish commissioner. The plan will bring state fishing operations a step nearer consumers toward reduc ing the cost of living, the commis sioner said. While the smallest ship ment made is twenty-five pounds, housewives may club together, Mr. Avery explained, and purchase state caught fish, well packed and iced and all charges paid at -reasonable prices. St Paul.State Auditor J. A. O. Preus has returned from a Washing ton conference with federal and state representatives on land utilization, pri marily toward providing lands for re turning soldiers. The secretary of agriculture was urged by the confer ence to investigate at once the adapt ability of more than 15,000,000 acres of cut-over lands in Minnesota, Wiscon sin and Michigat for utilization in various ways. Much of this vast acre age, the resolution ttates. is fit now for agriculture, while another percent age is adopted for grazing and re forestatios Slayton.Murray County will ex pend $100,000 on its roads this year, exclusive of work done on the state roads. St. Cloud.Joseph P.Heltemes, aged 66 years, one of the well known pio neer settlers in this section of the state, died suddenly at his home. Rush City.Frank Hanson of Rush City has been appointed deputy state oil inspector for the district, including1 Pine, Chisago and Kanabec counties. Tenstrike.One thousand selected ewes purchased of L. H. White, the North Dakota sheep grower, will be brought to Tenstrike next week to be placed on the A. E. Gibson farm in the town of O'Brien. Walker.Judge C. W. Stanton of this city will be the principal speaker at the Walker high school commence ment, the evening of May 30. In the morning Judge Stanton will be tho Memorial day orator at Laporte. Blackduck.Farmers of the Black duck territory are to form a Potato Growers' association, and at a meeting to be held the organization will be per fected. A. W. Aamodt, agriculturist, will assist in forming the association. Bemidji.A. P. Ritchie, local post master, was notified by the postal de partment that the rural mail route to be operated in the territory north west of Bemidji, to be known as No. 4, has been established and will start June 16. Two Harbors.Iron Range railroad section men reported that forest fires in the vicinity of Mile Post 88 are all out. The fires at Mile Post 60 are smouldering and are not considered at all serious. Stories of bad fires are much exaggerated. Sebeka Mrs. W. H. Wilson of this village has received word from the war department that her brother, Wil liam Smith, whe was wounded on or about July 15 and reported missing, has not yet been located, and it is fear ed that he is dead. Aitkin. Llewellyn Rice, butter maker at the Al Zoerb creamery, was seized with a coughing spell in a thea ter, and as he attempted to leave his limbs became useless. He was taken to the N. P. Hospital at Brainerd and is suffering from paralysis. Hibbing.The 13-months-old child of Mr. and Mrs. E. Coppar was stricken with infantile paralysis and the home was quarantined. There were five cases of infantile paralysis in the township last year. Two new cases of it were reported this week, but the total number of cases at the present time is less than six. Warren.Warren has been chosen for the 1920 district convention of the Federation of Women's clubs. Officers for the coming year are: Mrs. C. C. Selvig, Crookston, president Miss An na Tennant, vice president Mrs. G. P. Rice, Breckenridge, recording secre tary Mrs. E. S. Jenkins, Ada, treas urer Mrs. Bernard, Warren, secretary. Winton.The teachers and pupili of the Winton school gave a short pro gram on the lawn at the school grounds when a new flag was raised. As the flag was being raised the chil dren sang "The Star Spangled Ban- ner," then all recited the flag salute. A short address by Supt. H. E. White and the singing of America closed the exercises. Eveleth.The fuel possibilities of the peat bogs of Northern Minnesota and the proposition of finding a mar ket far such product if this enormous resource of St. Louis county and the northern part of the state can be com mercialized were discussed at the last meeting of the Engineers' Club of Northern Minnesota, held in the Oli ver clubrooms here. Winona.The six weeks' strike ef employes of the Interstate Packing company was settled by compromise effected by. Mayor J. H. Protz. The company raises the men's wages five per cent in addition to the ten per cent increase offered just be fore the strike. The hours remain the same, the new union Is not recognized, the packing plant remains an open shop and the company reserves the right to exclude men chiefly active in ,the recent strike. St. Paul.The fifty-third annual ses sion of the Minnesota State Homeo pathic institute held here elected H. O. Skinner of St. Paul, president Ethel Hurd, Minneapolis, vice president G. M. Schmidt, Lake City, secretary, and Margaret Koch, Minneapolis, treas urer. George Haywood of Minneapo lis was named on the censor board, and George B. Hamlin, William E. Leonard and D. A. Locke, also of Min neapolis, were chosen members of the executive committee. Minneapolis.Determination of Dr. Marion L. Burton of the university to bar from the teaching staff all expo nents ot radical principles or of So cialistic tendencies was seen at the meeting of the board of regents. The decision was obvious in Dr. Burton's announcement of fifteen new profess ors, associate professors, assistants and instructors, who were accepted by the regents. To make sure that radical theories would not be brought to the university by the new men, Dr. Burton made a tour of the country this month and had personal inter views with all Ihe men selected. In submitting the list to the regents he gave them his guarantee that each of the fifteen could be depended upon for 100 per cent Americanism. St. Paul.Higher standards of sani tation will be effected in Minnesota ice cream stands, confectionery shops and other refreshment parlors, W. A. Wittebecker, state hotel inspec tor, said, through enforcement of new laws governing these places of busi ness and already operative. General cleaniness will be rigidly insisted up on in all instances, the inspector as serted and three deputies will be as signed to enforce the law. Proprie tors operating now without state li censes, for which the fee is $3.50 a year, are subject to prosecution undaa the Uw.