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MT* JlN* 1 1 i Justice and Fair Dealing for every Indian who desires to become a good Citizen. THE TOMAHAWK. Official Organ of the Minnesota Chippewas. 6US H. BEAULIEU, Founder. Edited by THE TOMAHAWK PUB. CO, White Earth Agency, Minnesota. SUBSCRIPTION: $1.50 PER YEAR II1DVAKCL Eniered at the Postofflce at White Earth, Minn., as mail matter or the second class. James I. Coffey in his despond ent lamentations over his signal defeat at the Pinehurst council accuses the State and Government officials, presumably Superinten dent Walter P. Dickens and Sheriff Joe IJpness of Mahnomen county, with favoring the pro gressive factions and contributing to the defeat of his wayward and egotistic aspirations. Verily, the way of the transgressor is hard. i Those few deluded mixed-bloods who followed in the misguided wake of James I. Coffey and his secession movement at the Pine hurst council must feel like the proverbial I"13 cents" since they must realize the vain and pitiful attempt of their suicidal folly. But then some people there are who are never supremely happy unless they are humbugged, good aud plenty. Creditable rumors are to effect that the days of the Government system of boarding schools which has been in existence here since the establishment of the reserva tion, are numbered and will soon be a matter of history. And it is highly probable that the more progressive State public school system will, after the end of the present fiscal year, replace the cumbersome and costly govern ment school system, and the present government school plant will be converted into,a consolidat ed public school system and inthe cluding a high school. Verily, the days of progressive reconstruc tioa and democratic self-deter mination are at hand. THEIR MINDS P0IS0NE0 "I am satisfied in my mind that if James I. Coffey and his beliger ent lieutenants, George Walters, William and George Lufkins, had not been so insistent in preaching bolshivism to the so-called full blood faction for about a week be fore the Pinehurst council, a por tion of them would not have bolted the council as they did. In fact the minds of the so-called full-blood faction were warped and poisoned by the foul and vielocal ious antagonistic doctrine of secession as advocated by James I. Coffey and his brush council gang. And I am confident that at a pre concerted understanding, previous ly arranged, that at a given signal, presumably by James I. Coffey, the members of the so-called full blood faction were to bolt and which threy did." This wad the statement expressed by a promin ent gentleman of the village after the conclusion of the Pinehurst council, and which statement is invariably true. Long before the council was called to order it was obviously manifest that a most decided spirit of bitter opposition was manifested bj the members of the bolshivick THE as against the progressive element and the very first step taken by some of the would-be leaders of the bolshivick faction after the council had been called to order was a cowardly attempt to have some of the prominent progressive leaders ejected from the floor of the council chamber and which proved not only a most dismal failure but the "beginning of the end" to their degenerate hopes and a Waterloo to the sinis ter motives of Jrmes I. Coffey and his dispicable tools and henchmen. From many of the leading full bloods who came to White Earth after the adjournment of the Pinehurst council it was learned that a large portion of their faction were not in harmony with the distorted doctrine of secession ad vocated by the bolshevick leaders and, it is probable that had these Indians been properly advised on prevailing conditions, a large ma jority2of them would have sup ported the methods and measures advocated by the progressive leaders and even.now these mislead people are loud in their denounce ment of James I. Coffey and hisdid poltroon policies. After a portion of the bolshevick faction bolted the big council they assembled themselves into the usual brush council and proceeded to select from among themselves del egates to attend the big General Council at Cass Lake on July 8th, 1919. Of course there is no ques tion but that they were advised to do so at the instance of James I. Official Holies of the Seventh Annual Session of the Gen eral Council of the Chippewa Indians of Minnesota. Pursuant to provisions in the Con stitution of the General Council of Minnesota Chippewa Indians whjeh was adopted at Cass Lake. Minn., on the 8th day of May, 1913, and as a-Edward mended by the General Council at its fourth annual session held at Bemidji Minn., July 11th, 1916, the annual meeting of said General Council of Chippewa Indians of Minnesota will be held at Cass Lake Minn., beginning 8th, day of July. 1919.. Your attention is invited to Article 6 of the Constitution which reads as follows: "The basis ot representation to the Councils of this organization shall be one delegate for each one hundred members or fraction thereof, of the White Earth and Red Lake reservations, and reservations ceded under the provisions of the Act of Congress of January fourteenth, eigh teen hundred and eighty-nine (25 U.Jerry S. Stats,, 642). Such delegates shall be elected on the first Tuesday in .Tune of each year, by the Local Conhcils of the said reservations or ceded reservations, Notices shall be posted and given by the proper officersiof said local councils and said notices shall be given and posted in each and every settlement and burg within said reservation or ceded reservation for a period of not less than twenty days, specifying the time and place of the election of such delegates." Where there is no properly organized council it Shall devolve upon the Executive Committee of the reserva tion to call a council for the purpose of electing delegates. Tn respect to Article referred to above, delegates to the General Coun cil must be selected on the first Tues day in June, which will be June 3rd, 1919. Careful attention and good jude ment must be exercised by each and every Chippewa Indian interested, to fully observe the above Article and by so doing avoid any dispute that may arise from irregular appointment which in councils prior to the coming council has so manifestly caused considerable annoyance. Dated at Ked Lake. Minnesota, May 1. 1919- PAUL II. BEAULIEL. Secretary of General Council of Chippewa Indians of Minnesota. Vol. XVII. White Earth, Becker County, Minnesota, Thursday, June 26, 1919. OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE MINNESOTA CHIPPEWAS. Truth befdrr Favor." Coffey and they will probably make an attempt to get recogni tion at the General Council, failing in this they will proceed as they did a year ago at Bernid ji and re solve themselves into a second General Council. However we are advised from reliable sources that the one and only General Council which will be tendered recognition and attention at Wash ington in the. future will be the one which will meet the support and approval of the regularly constituted delegates who were properly and legally appointed at Pinehurst and other reservations on June 17th, 1919. THE TOMAHAWK is gratified to know that from the start to the hour of adjournment th-i members of the progressive element, mixed and many full-bloods, remained passive and while the leaders of the bolshevick faction directed their tirade of abuse and resent ment against the progressive ele ment, especially the members of the Legislative Committee, General Council, such of the progressive members who addressed the council so in the spirit becoming courtesy, proper decorum and democratic chivalry. Delegates Elected, The following named persons of White Earth reservation were elected as delegates to the General Council, Minnesota Chippewas, which will meet at Cass Lake qu July 8th, 1919: John G. Morrison, Jr. Omar Gravelle George Fox John W. Carl Julius H. Brown Frank D. Beanlieu Edward L. Rogers B."L. Fairbanks William D. Smith Frank Brunette Alex McKenzie, Jr Rowley George Aspinwall Jack Rock Jack Skip in the day William T.Warren Peter Skip in the day Joseph Bigbear George Bigbear Turman Beaulieu Thomas Swan, Sr. Fiank Cajune John B. Fairbanks Theo. H. Beaulieu Robert Beaulieu Levi Legoo Selkirk Joe Guyon William A. Fairbanks John Rowley Joseph A, Morrison Colin Campbell Alex iMcDougall Nate Pemberton, Sr. Scott Goodwin John B. Warren E. P. Wakefield George A. Berry Theo. B. Beaulieu Mitchell Vizenor B. S. Fairbanks William A. Brunette George Bellefuille Henry Selkirk Henry Spry Charles Morrison Patrick Parisian Martin Brancbaud Frank Iego Selam Fairbanks Henry Goodwin William Uran Gay bay aii muj wabc John Leecy Fred Beaulieu Gus H. Fairbanks Frank Vanoss Arthur C. Bcsiujieu Charles Vauoss =:i!-5r Louis C-. Uran WiHiara Daily Jim Deut A Bisson Charles Lcith Ah-x St. Clair E. J, Warren -7- Tlft Peace Treaty and file League of Nations. The conjunction of the Peace Treaty with Germany and theby world wide effort to effect a League of Nations as a first step towards abolishing war and thus bringing about universal peace, is a situation upon which statesmen may honestly differ. Ii is a ques tion that is debatable to say the -least, therefore discussion should be welcomed by those who desire to see all things settled upon se cure foundations. do not observe that in other countries directly, interested in relations with Germany arising from the armistice, any great de mand is made for a separation of peace negociations and the large effort to create a league. The question has been raised we might say only in this country and inor spired by parti/unship. From what may be gathered from the reports of correspond ents abroad, it appears that Presi dent Wilson WHS instrumental in bringing about the conjunction of !%i. *w nuestions, This was Enough for the leaders of the po litical party opposed to his, and naturally by reason of the attacks made upon him his party friends replied in no uncertain terms. Perhaps all this is the natural outcome of our participation iu the fever of hatred, jealousy and suspicion which possess the whole world. Germany when she started the war in 1914 opened not only the mouths of cannons but also the mouths ot men, the one deal ing destruction to the body, the other death to the soul if the present state of hatred is kept alive. Aud as to the public of this country, it is being kept alive harragnes in the Senate by partisans on either side. Why, may we ask (and the word "may" as a constant form in Mr. Wilson's address is being ridiculed) why, may we ask cannot discussion up on the conjunction of the two situations be debated without the adjuncts of party hatreds, and therefore cooly logical Perhaps this is asking too much of frail human nature. But how much better if the grey beards of the senate chamber refrained from the fire works and observed the dignity and decorum which popu larly are supposed to when in the senate body. We arcnot committed to any decided opinion upon the merits demerits oi the situation which is gording so many statesmen into violence of speech, but we are in clined to believe that the Big Four have not done amiss in con joining peace treaty and League of Nation covenant. Anyone reading the synopsis of the treaty given out to the public can see no absence of logical sequences in the (Continned on 8th page.) *a0^mmmm0^mman0Vmamahmmamamapmawtmw0tawmmamm0^mmamamm0m0taM^m0m When you want the best In Groceries, Dry Goods, Winter Clothing, Footwear, etc., call on us. We're right here every day in the year (except Sunday) to supply you' with any and everything you may need in THE BEST AND PUREST GROGERIES IN THE MARKET. The B. L. Fairbanks Company, White Earth, Hinnesota. MINNESOTA HISTORICAL SOCBBDf Published in behalf of, and to secure the welfare of the Indians of the United States. High Standard. "I hope I can support her In the style she is accustomed to." "Get wise to that style, though, before you marry her. I never knew my wife's people, but to hear her talk you'd thlalc she was raised In a palace." The Society Of. AMERICAN INDIANS. A NATIONAL ORGANIZATION OF AMERICANS Oryun/fcd at Ohio State Ualvcrslty, APRIL, :i9f I. MEMBERSHIP ActiveIncluding Magazine, $2 annually. Junior ActiveIndians under 21 years of age. Including Maga zine, $1.50 annually. Without Magazine, 50c annually. Application for membership should be made to the Secretary-Treasur er, Society of American Indians, 707 20th Street, Washington, D. C. Information regarding the Society will be cheerfully furnish ed upon inquiry to the Secretary Treasurer, Washington, D. C. Dr. CHARLES EASTMAN, President, Amherst, Mass. Advertise in THE TOMAHAWK it brings results. &. Ho. 10. Careful of Speech. "Is the faculty of your college Well organized?" "Very. We haven't a single professor who would dare to make a statement of fact without first having It approved by a trust magnate ?r a corporation lawyer."Life.