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The Tomahawk. [volume] (White Earth, Becker County, Minn.) 1903-192?, June 26, 1919, Image 4

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89064695/1919-06-26/ed-1/seq-4/

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New Map of the World
Outlines Sail Far From Perfect
We can get some idea already of
the new map of the world, though its
outlines are still far from perfect, ob
serves a writer in the Providence Jour
nal. Along Germany's western fron
tier Alsace-Lorraine goes uncondition
ally to France, with the Sarre basin
also ceded to her for 15 years, the
mines of that region given over as par
tial indemnity to French ownership
and a plebiscite 15 years hence pro
vided for. Luxemburg Is freed from
German control. Belgium gets a small
area, part outright and part subject to
popular vote, and a plebiscite will de
termine whether the inhabitants of
Schieswig prefer to be Included within
Germany or Denmark for the future.
Germany will retain nominal control
of the valley east of the Rhine, but it
Is to be permanently demilitarized.
German Austria becomes an Independ
ent state, along with the new Czecho
slovakia, Jugo-Slavla and Poland.
Danzig will be a free city with Polish
Affiliations and Germany is forced to
recognize the new states of western
In Africa the Immense German hold
ings go to the allied and associated
powers as mandatories. Japan agrees
to return to the Peking government all
'the territory on the Chinese mainland
which she has lately acquired, but will
'have Tslngtno in perpetuity. The vari
ous German islands of the Pacific go to
Japan, Australia and New Zealand as
mandatories, which means that in all
human probability those countries will
be permanently installed there under
'the convenient fiction of the league of
motions language. Even the OeVmaa
slice of the Antarctic continent is to
be yielded to the entente. Will It be
necessary to give anyone a "mandate"
Cor this frigid and uninhabited region?
There are still so many details to be
worked out that it may be some time
before the authentic new atlases can
be Issued.
Whisky floats more trouble
than it drowns.
The more promises a man
gives the fewer he keeps.
If there ever was a fool killer
he must have retired from busi
Many a man's reputation de
pends on what Isn't found out
about him.
When one boy sees another
eating something he always gets
Love, fire and a bad cough
are three things which cannot
be hidden.
Taxis and Other Motor
Vehicles Must Pay Tax
Taxlcabs, jitney buses and other
passenger automobiles operated for
hire are subject to special government
taxes under regulations Issued by the
International revenue bureau inter
preting the provisions of the revenue
act. An automobile with a seating ca
pacity of from three to seven is taxed
$10 a year, and buses capable of car
rying more than seven are taxed $20.
Two-passenger cars are exempt The
regulations provide that "bus lines, au
tomobile stages and jitneys operating
over regular routes" and cars operated
by sightseeing companies are liable
to the tax. The tax Is assessed against
the car and not the owner, so that If
a man sells a car be may not transfer
the tax to another car. This tax be
effectlre January 1.
AnOldKissing Custom IsRevived
An old kiMing custom, for long time considered obsolete, has been
revived at Hurgerford, England. The "tuttimen," or collectors of tithes,
executed their rights by going from house to house and demanding either a
kiss or a penny from each woman. This photograph shows the tuttimen at
the workhouse, where the aged women inmates paid the kiss penalty.
He hobbles down the quiet street,
A youthful veteran
Who** heart Is still attuned unto
The drum's wild rataplan.
Whose ears are deafened even yet
By battle's dread alarm,
Whose halting: step depends upon
The crutch beneath his arm.
His good right leg la goneafar
In Flanders mud It lies.
But there's a smile upon his lips.
For atiU Old Glory dies.
And though a slow and painful gait
His mundane progress mars.
Behold! his spirit vaults the clouds
And strides among the stars.
Washington's sword and Franklin's staff
And Lincoln's pen shall be
Embossed forevermore upon
The shield of Liberty
And lo! the doughboy's battered crutch.
Through Time's eternal flight,
Will stand a signpost on the road
To Freedom's mountain height.
Minna Irving in New York Sun.
Cape Prince of Wales Is
Said to Be the Stormiest
Region in All the World
The stormiest place In all the world
is said to be Cape Prince of Wales,
which Is the westernmost point of
Alaska. It is marked by a considerable
mountain 2,210 feet high, and fierce
winds blow there perpetually. Storms
from the Arctic ocean assail this in
hospitable region all the year round.
Prank Hess of the government geo
logical survey says that August 30 he
found himself in the midst of deep
snow on Cnpe Prince of Wales, with a
wind blowing so hard that he had to
get behind a rock to avoid being blown
into the sen.
The weather for the moment was
clear and he could see the coast of Si
beria, across Bering strait, 40 miles
away. Here and there were rocks that
bore curious masses of snow crystals,
which stood out horizontally, having
beet thrown and compacted by wind.
It was bitter cold, but down below
were vast fields of beautiful forget-me
On the south side of the mountain
Mr. Hess soys that he came across
Eskimo dwellings"igloos'* dug un
derground and walled and roofed with
timbers. No trees grow In that re
gion, but the natives of far northern
Alaska have always a plentiful supply
of driftwood, carried from the Yukon
river by an ocean current that skirts
the coast
The underground Igloos (construct
ed to escape the storm and wind) were
so built as to form connecting rooms,
with communicating doors that were
mere holes through which the occu
pants were obliged to crawl on bands
and knees. The only ventilation was
afforded by the vertebrae of a whale
(which served as on alrtube), thrust
up through the roof.
Great Bodies oHfaler Not
Classed Under "Seven" Seas
"What are the' "seven seas?"* a
subscriber asks, and adds: "I can find
no explanation about them In cyclo
pedias or dictionaries." There is in
deed a great paucity of information
about this familiar expression, which
is the title of one of Kipling's books.
A note, however, in the Oxford Eng
lish Dictionary under "seven" reads:
"The Seven seasthe Arctic, Ant
arctic, North and South Pacific, North
and South Atlantic, and Indian
oceans." Curiously, this dictionary
does not mention the seven seas under
the word "seas," but gives instead
"the four seasthe seas bounding
Great Britain on the fonr sides."
Where Cork Sinks.
In spite of its buoyancy, cork will
not rise to the surface from a depth
of 200 feet below the ocean's surface,
owing to the great pressure of water.
At any depth .short of that it will grad
ally work its way to the surface.
Thrush Has Own Method of
Slaughtering the Shelled
Snails to Get the "Goody"
In districts where shelled snails are
abundant it is no rare thing, says a
writer, to come across a stone utilized
as a slaughter block by some particu
lar thrush. Even If the bird la' not
caught in the act, numerous broken
and empty shells scattered in the
neighborhood betray the place wbere
the mollusks have been done to death.
The method adopted by the thrush
Is simply that of dropping a snail
from a height time and again until
the shell la broken and the succulent
body within Is exposed to the captor's
beak. But the anvil Is sometimes
made use of in a different way and
with a different end In view. The
other day, In the depths of a Highland
birch wood, an observer came upon
such a sacrificial stone, at which a
thrush was busily occupied. Field
glasses made evident .that not a mail
but a common black slug was his cap
tive. This he grasped by the middle
with his beak, dashing It repeatedly
with resounding smacks upon the
stone, whence it occasionally rebound
ed, only to be caught and hammered
once more.
Subsequent examination of the
stone revealed with what effect the
operation had been carried out. But
what of its purpose? Here was no
shell to be broken. It may be that
the thrush simply wished to kill its
prey, but the fact that thrushes swal
low wriggling worms without hesita
tion renders this explanation Improb
able. It is more likely that the skin
of the slug was too thick and coarse
to be palatable and that the thrush
was simply endeavoring to dash out
the edible portions within or that It
was attempting to render the skin
more tender by a methodi analogous
to the domestic "baiting" of a steak.
Music, of All Arts, the One
Most Intimately Interwoven
With Ethical Consciousness
Of all arts, music is the one most
Intimately Interwoven with the eth
ical consciousness of our own time.
The oratorios of Handel and of
Mendelssohn so blend the sacred text
and the divine music that we think of
the two together, and almost as of
things so wedded by God that man
must not seek to put them asunder.
When I have sat to sing In the chords
of the "Messiah," and have heard the
tenor take up the sweet burden of
"Comfort ye my people!" I have felt
the whole chain of divine consolation
which those historic words express,
and which link the prophet of pre
Christian times to the saints and sin
ners of today. In far-off Palestine I
have been shown the plain on which
It is supposed that the shepherds
were tending their flocks when the
birth of the Messiah was announced
to them. But as I turned my eyes to
view it, my memory was full of that
pastoral symphony of Handel's, In
which the divine glory seems just
muffled enough to be intelligible to
our abrupt and hasty sense. Nay, I
lately heard a beloved voice which
read the chapter of Elijah's wonder
ful experience in the wilderness.
While I listened, bar after bar of
Mendelssohn's music struck Itself off
in the resonant chamber of memory,
and I thanked the Hebrew of our own
time for giving Intensity to that
drama of insight and heroism.Julia
Ward Howe.
On the Face of It.
"I can read a man's character by bis
features. Now I know the man yonder
is fond of proposing to every girl he
"How can you tell It?"
"By his 1MP eyes."
Baared by Regulation.
"Yon can't take
your dog In there*
air, with you."
"Why not? ..I
see other dogs
Tea, air, but,
begging your par
don, sir, there's a
strict rule against
expectoration, and
your dog la
nit*-'' "frfttJjfo
"There Is one thing which I suppose
It Is only natural for motorists to
"What Is thatr &
"Horse sense."
Odd Happening.
"William alwaya goes to pieces
when he tries to apeak in public"
"Well, If he's any kind of a Bill hi
ought to be able to collect himself."
Out of the Running.
"Tour atout
friend is barred
from the sprint-
ing match."
Why is thatr
"Because It la a
sport wherein a
fat man has but a
slim chance."
Natural Antipathy.
"Queer, but my little dog growls
whenever be sees me take my medi-
"Maybe he 11 rngnleaa the baric fe
your tonic."
Youth, however, Is the springtime of
life, and springtime is the season when
the human family, and the birds and
the locusts and the organ grinders,
seem most disposed to make a more
or less harmonious noise. Therefore,
It is among the farm youth in the
springtime of life that yon will find
the most singing of and at their dally
tasks. The boys' and girls* clubs, or
ganized under the direction of the
United States department of agricul
ture and the state agricultural col
leges, have more songs than you can
shake a stick at. And how they can
sing 'em I
Imagine that you are sitting In the
shade of an old apple tree in the green
fields of Virginia or Maryland, my
Maryland, or some place like that.
Down the road comes a bunch of gar
den club boys-and girls, with spades
and rakes on their shoulders and the
light of achievement ra their eyes.
They are singing, and the strains are
the same as in that "Over There" sons
that Avent from Broadway to Chateau
Thierry arid back again. Listen:
Johnnie, get your hoe, get your hoe. get
your hoe
Mary, dig your row, dig your row, dig
your row.
Down to business, girls and hoys,
Learn to know the gardener's Joys.
Uncle Sam's in needpull the weed, plant
Whlle the sunbeams lurk, do not shirk,
get to work.
Chickens and fruit make a combi
nation hard to beat. Plum trees do es
pecially well In the Xponltry yard.
Chickens are a benefit to any orch
ard. There are heard complaints that
fruit trees did not do well In the chick
en yard, but In every case the owner
of the yard had set out trees without
regard to their suitability for the lo
A man who la willing to buy fruit
trees as he would lumber need not ex
pect to get good results anywhere. The
purchase of fruit trees la a matter for
study and Investigation. Find out from
the neighbors what varieties of apples,
pears, plums, peaches and cherries do
well in your locality. Then choose a
reliable nurseryman and take bis ad
vice on varieties and location. Ask
your college or the horticultural de
partment. A man who doesn't know
what varieties to buy and says so, will
get the benefit of the experience of
those who know. Whereas, a man who
doesn't know and will jgfc fi&nJk is
not likely to be satisfied with his plant
iM.anjllfhehas planted In the chick
erf yard wffl find this chickens handy
as a scapegoat 8fcJ52SSP3ST
-^Chickens^ are a by-product on mosf
farm For that reason, It la some
times best to have colony bouses al
together for summer use, and move
the chickens where they can pick up
the most food. A permanent poultry
house requires yard room of 80 feet.
William Sooy Smith Built
the First All-Steel Bridge
Songs of the Qub Workers
Of course, the poets and writers of
light opera are all wrong when they
try to make out that farming is a busi
ness wherein the jovial harvesters
join hands with the merry villagers
and dance around a Maypole, singing
roundelays. They are taking too liter
ally Shakespeare's observation that
"All the world's a stage." There Is
something about routing out the cows
In the morning before sunup, and
something about piloting' a plow
through heavy soil and salty sweat,
that does not conduce to song.
But there are farm songs, and farm
ing songs. The country heard a lot
of them last fall when volunteer help
ers went out from the cities to help
meet the situation created by heavy
yields and few harvesters. Most of
that singing was done on the way to
and from the fields, but it was pretty
good singing, anyway. And then there
are songs heard mostly
By toe U. S. PspitasBBjol Agneonm.
farm bu-
reau meetings and the like. All that
Is necessary to prove that farmers can
sing when they want to Is to hear a
dozen or a hundred of them join in
this, using the tune of "Old Black
Joe:" Gone are the days when my farm return
ed no par,
Oone are the folks who used to call me
Gone are my debts for the better crops I
I hear my neighbors" voices calling,
"Farm Bureau."
William Sooy Smith, builder of the
first all-steel bridge In the world and
Inventor of the pneumatic caisson, waa
born in Ohio July 22, 1830 graduated
at West Point In 1858 resigned from
the army, but served daring the Civil
war, and later became eminent as a
civil engineer and bridge builder. His
invention of the pneumatic caisson rev
olutionised deep river bridge building,
and he was the first one to overcome
uicksands in making foundations.
Be was also a pioneer In moving big
buildings and in the construction of
skyscrapers. He was retired from the
army with rank of brigadier general,
sal died Janaary It, VOX
All the lads must spade the ground
All the girls must hustle 'round!
All together in the chorus:
Over there, over there
Bend a word, send a word, over there.
That the lads are hoeing, the girls are
The crops are growing everywhere.
Each'a garden must prepare
Do your bit, so that all of us can share,
With the boys, with the boys
Who will not come back 'till it's over,
over there!
Their fresh young voicesah, If all
vegetables were as freshdie away in
the distance. But from over the bill
another group of boys approaches.
Yon know they are pig club boys, for
to the tune of "Row, Row, Row Your
Boat" they are singing
Grow, grow, grow a pig
Fatter every day.
Merrily, merrily, cheerily, cheerily
Half our work is play.
And here comes some rosy-cheeked
girls, all dressed up In white aprons
and snowy caps, and everythingthey
catch what the boys are singing, and
they reply:
Can, can, all you can
Can and put it away.
Merrily, merrily, cheerily, cheerily
Half our work la play.
Close behind them are some sewing
club girls, and now they are singing:
Sew, sew, sew a seam
Sew the time away.
Merrily, merrily, cheerily, cheerily
Half our work is play,
And over in that field, can those chil
dren be the Little Bo-Peeps and Little
Boy Blues of today?
No nothing Mother Goose-like about
them nothing but the sheepand
their song:
Little Bo-Peep.
Come raise some sheep
And you do it, too.
Little Boy Blue.
So it goes with yon In the shade of
the old apple tree, listening to the
club boys and the club girls as they
tell in song the merits of their respec
tive avocations. And then, Just like
in a show, they all troop back again,
and, like the grand chorus in an opera,
to a tune you recognize, this rises:
There were club boys on the hillside.
There were club boys on the plain.
And the country found them ready
At the call for meat and grain.
Let none forget their service
As the club boys pass along,
For, although the war Is over,
They are singing still this song.
The chorus comes like a cataract:
Keep the home cow milking.
And the club corn silking
Tell the idle boys and girls
To work for Home.
There's a club pig growing.
While the grain we're sowing
Boost the club work night and day
Till we "Live at Home."
Reverses as Business Man
Credited With Making Mark
Twain a Successful Writer
Mark Twain's failure as a business
man is said to have made him a great
er writer, instead of having discour
aged the humorist in his work. It
was in 1804 that bis publishers
crashed, after having published "The
Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" and
"The American Claimant." The first
work was a success, but the second
met with reverses. When the pub
lishers found themselves In difficulty
they saddled the whole burden, on
Twain, and be took It without a mur
Had he hot failed in business
Twain might have been content to
rest on his laurels. Instead he went
about paying his debts. His tour
around the world waa undertaken
expressly for that purpose. It was a
very successful tour, crowds turning
out to bear the famous American.
A product of his tour was "Follow
ing the Equator," which was a finan
cial success. Having abandoned bis
desire to become a business man he
then. setQed down to writing, la
}SS& hf "published I'PudJ'nheaS Wil-
son," and "The Personal Becollec
tlons of Joan of Arc" came out In
1807. His critical essays and "Auto
biography" were noteworthy pro
ductions, written in a different vein
than his works before he devoted
bis entire life to writing.
Twain always hated sham or pre
tense. He was a lover of the frank,
open-hearted man, which explains bis
great bold on his public
A gaunt brute bites sore.
French proverb.
The bladder may be dipped,
but never drowned.Sibyl proph
ecy of Athens.
The blade of the saltan's
saber grows until It overtakes
the offender.Turkish proverb.
According to the arm be the
Blessed be St. Stephen, there
is no fast upon his even.
Blessings are not valued un
til they are gone.
A Mind hen can sometimes
find com.French proverbs.
Guy Morton Promises to
Put Cleveland Indians in
Limelight This Season
Guy Morton of the Cleveland In
dians bids fair to prove the sensation
of the American league. Early In the
season he pitched two full games with
out allowing a run.
Before the American league season
opened he shut out New Orleans and
Several years ago Morton suffered
an injury to his arm. It was feared
he would never be useful on the mound
He pitched well late last year. And
this spring he showed in New Orleans
Guy Morton.
on the training trip that he had re
gained his old-time form.
Cleveland has been generally picked
as one of the contenders for the Ameri
can league pennant this season. The
only apparent weakness of the Indians
in the before-season dope was the
pitching staff.
With Morton in form to help the
ever-consistent and effective Stanley
Covaleskie, Cleveland looms up as ex
tremely dangerous. In fact, the club
that beats the Indians should win the
Mother's Cook Book.
The sweetest lives are those to duty wed.
Whose deeds, both great and small,
Are close-knit, strands of an unbroken
Where love ennobles alL
During the warm weather salad Is
one of the main features of every din
ner. Sandwiches are always popular
and during the picnic season Indispen
sable. The unusual always appeals
and the following wiU at least excite
enough Interest to try it2
Poppy Seed Salad.
Orate a little sage cheese over some
fresh head lettuce after It Is dried and
finish by sprinkling over it some fresh
ly roasted poppy seed, which adds an
unusual flavor. Serve with French
Potato Salad.
This is a well-liked salad and may
be prepared in so many ways that It
Is always a delight. Cut up the cold
boiled potatoes in small cubes and mix
with a small finely minced onion add
some corn oil and vinegar, salt and
paprika and let it stand until nearly
time "to serve, then add a small cu
cumber and a spoonful or two of any
well-seasoned boiled dressing. A
Uttle peanut butter and cream added
.to the dressing will give a piquant fla
vor, or lacking that add a dozen or
two of minced peanuts. A spoonful or
two of canned corn also adda much to
the flavor, or a finely minced green
pepper. One may vary the seasoning
and always have a new salad.
Summer Salad.
Cook a quart of lima beans, drain
and chill them. Peel and dice two
crisp, tart apples, add twosweet green
plppei lnel|lhreJJed\mlx wIth may
onnaise nothing will Improve a veg
etable salad like onion Juice.
Nuts and Green Peas Salad.
Take a cupful of cooked green peas
and add one-third of a cupful of wal
nuts. Serve on lettuce with any de
sired dressing.
Banana and Pineapple Salad.
Place rings of pineapple on crisp
lettuce and in the center place a small
cone of banana, by cutting the end of
each carefully and setting It candle
like on the pineapple. Sprinkle gen
erously with paprika on top and serve
with a boiled dressing, adding chopped
nuts to the dressing If desired.
Olive and Celery landwfchoa.
Chop equal quantities of heart cel
ery and stuffed oUvea, moisten with
salad dressing and spread on well
buttered bread.
Mint as
Slice cucumbers and sprinkle with
minced mint, dip French dressing?
or add a bit of any boiled dressing
place between slices of battered bread.
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