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Million Drug Addicts in U. S.
Natioi Leads World in Illicit "Dop e" Traffic Report to Government Shows The special narcotic committee appointed by former Secretary of the Treasury McAdoo to investigate the drug traffic in the United States has completed its report and presented it to Secretary of the Treasury Glass. The report is of a most sensational character. It shows the United States as the largest consumer of drugs in the world, with more than a million addicts, and more than $61,000,000 spent annually by drug users to satisfy the habit. It also shows a national organization of "dope peddlers," who carry on a lucrative trade in drugs smuggled from Canada, Mexico and along the Atlantic and Pacific coasts. Although the peace conference has already taken action to protect China'from the spread of the opium habit, the report shows the United States to exceed China and lead the entire world in the consumption of opium., Our annual consumption of opium is so extensive as to be able to furnish 33 grains of opium yearly to every man, woman and child in the country. The committee's table for the per capita consumption by the United States and foreign countries is a grim story in itself. The table follows: Opium total Consump- annual tion, consumption, per Capita,. Country Population. lbs. grains. United States 100,000,000 470,000 33 Holland 6,000,000 3,000 3% France 40,000,000 17,000 3 Portugal 5,500,000 2,000 2 Germany 60,000,000 17,000 2 Italy 33,000,000 6,000 1% Austria 40,000,000 8.000-4,000 l%3-5 Ninety per cent of the drugs consumed in this country are used for other than medicinal purposes, and opium comes in this category, accord- ing to the report. The traffic is increasing by leaps and bounds. Practically all of the larger cities report increase, and one estimate of the nation's number of addicts included in the report is 4,000,500# persons. The committee's figure of 1,000,000 is thereby shown to be conservative. One-quarter of these 1,000,000 drug users, or 350,000, are unemployed. In this respect alone the traffic caused the country an annual loss in wages of more than $150,000,000. It is estimated that 237,655 persons are receiving treatment in an effort to loosen the hold drugs have on them. The strides the peril is taking, though, are shown by the estimate that 18,299,397 narcotic pre- scriptons were filled in the last year. One of the most painful features of the report is that depicting the native-born American as leading in the consumption of drugs. tiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimimiiiiiiimiiiimiiiuiiiH I HENHOUSE HINTS Siiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiinnfi Tour poultry houses should be well ventilated in summer. Every glass door should be left open night and day or removed until cold weather. It will require only a few minutes to do this and It will contribute much toward the comfort and best welfare of your hens, writes D. J. Lambert, Rhode Is land station. During warm weather It .does not matter which side of the house Is open. It would be better if all sides were out. There Is no dan ger from draft during August and Sep tember. Growing chicks will grow best when they can roost where there are clean perches and only a roof over their heads. With this simple arrangement there will be less danger from crowd ing and mites. These mites or spider lice multiply very rapidly when the roosts are neglected. You will find them under the perches and In cracks and crevices of the adjoining wood work. They crawl out of their hiding places at night and suck their All of blood from the birds on the roosts. You can often detect them by a very disagreeable odor which they throw off. In order to get rid of them, the house must be opened tip to the air, brushed and cleaned out thoroughly from cell ing to floor and then sprayed with a solution of cresote oil and water and then with whitewash, so as to know every part of the house has been cov ered. If a dirt floor, five or six Inches of the top must be removed to make a complete job of housecleanlng. Those who keep poultry and neglect to keep them clean and comfortable cannot expect them to be profitable. Displaying the Flag. There is no federal flag law now In force pertaining to the manner of dis playing or hanging the flag, hot cus tom decrees that the union shall be hung to the north or east when the flag is suspended otherwise than from a flagpole, inside or outside of a bond ing. The stripes should be perpen dicular to the ground or floor. These suggestions are embodied In a report on the subject made by the adjutant general of the army. MM SiSMSHSSW*1] WORDS 0FWISE MEN 1 The schemer who flatters an other man condemns himself. Silence is the best response for atl contradiction that arises from Impertinence, vlugarity or envy. Sympathy Is one of the great secrets of life. It overcomes evil and strengthens good. It disarms resistance, meets the hardened heart and develops the better part of human na ture. We lean little by little 'It Is the much. ley swMii** Big Jim Vaughn Has Tackled Pirates Twenty-Eight Times Won Twenty-Three Games Jim Vaughn, the Cubs' big pitcher, wishes that all other National league clubs were as easy for him as are the Pirates. The great southpaw has faced the Pirates 28 times in his six campaigns In the senior major league circuit and has won 23 of these games. He Joined the Cubs in the fall of 1913, but did not work in a game against the Pirates that year. Jim Vaughn. In 1914 he turned the Smoky city outfit back five times in six starts, and In 1915 won three out of four against the Pittsburgh crew. In 1916 he was charged with losing two games to the Pirates, though he entered both of these games In the closing innings, go* Ing to the relief of a team mate. He beat them five times in a row in 1917 and five times out of six In 1918, and came out on the long end of a meeting with the Pirates In the-opening game of the present season. Seven of the 23 victories Vaughn has hung up at the expense of the Pi rates hare been shut-outs, and he al lowed them an average of only six hits per game. $5,249,908,300, Fifth Loan Total The total subscription of the fifth Victory loan was 15,249,908300, an ex cess of f74^08300, or 16.88 per cent over the prescribed quota of $4300,- 000,000. according to final official fig ures tabulated at the treasury la Washington. D. C. All districts except Atlanta and Dallas over-subscribed their quotas. Should Have Confidence. Life is full of mysteries, bat It Is also full of blessed assurances. We need not dwell la the land of questions and shadows, when so many things are dear and plain. We caa hold fast to the things we know, and they will make a place of confidence large enough for our living and dylaf. 1 A MYSTERY ^Phe river hemmed with living trees Wound through its meadows green A low blue line ot mountains showed The open pines between. One sharp, tall peak above them all Clear into sunlight sprang I saw the river of my dreams The mountains that I sang! No clue ot memory led me on But weU the ways I knew A feeling of familiar things With every footstep grew. Not otherwise above its crag Could lean the blasted pine Not otherwise the maple hold Aloft its red ensign. So up the long and shorn foothills The mountain road should creep So, green and low, the meadow fold Its red-haired kine asleep. The river wound as It should.wind, Their place the mountains took The white torn fringes of their clouds Wore no unwonted look. Yet ne'er before that river's rim Was pressed by feet of mine, Never before mine eyes had crossed That broken mountain line. A presence, strange at once and known* Walked with me as my guide The skirts of some forgotten life Trailed noiseless at my side. Was It a dim remembered dream? Or glimpse through aeons old? The secret which the mountains kept The river never told. But from the vision ere It passed A tender hope I drew. And, pleasant as a dawn of spring. The thought within me grew. That love would temper every change, And soften all surprise. And, misty with the dreams of earth. The hills of heaven arise. -WhltUer. Mothers' Cook Book Chicken 8alad Sandwiches. These may be prepared as the pic nic sandwiches and filled with chicken salad, or the chicken salad may be finely minced and spread on buttered bread. Sardine Sandwiches. Cut slices of breed a half-Inch thick, butter after toasting and trim off the crust Bemove the skm and bones from sardines, lay them carefully over the toast and sprinkle with chopped olives and capers mixed. Add a tea spoonful of lemon juice and serve cat In any desired form. Lettuce and Cucumber Sandwich. Butter thin slices of white bread, then cover with a slice of cucumber and a bit of lettuce with salad dress ing. Fruit and Nut Sandwiches. Put through the meat chopper a quarter of a pound of almonds with half a pound of chopped flgs with a cupful of pecan meats, mixing them whUe grinding so that they will be wen blended. Pack the mixture Into round baking powder cans, pressing It in firmly. When wanted dip In hot water to loosen and cut In very thin slices with a shsrp knife. Plsce be tween rounds of buttered bread. Concerning Tax Returns. Nonresidents, Including returning soldiers will have 90 days after the proclamation of peace for flung tax re turns. The extension was announced by Internal Revenue Commissioner Roper. The internal revenue bureau's ruling that salaries of state officials and employees of counties, cities, and other subdivisions of a state, are net subject to federal income taxes, was upheld by Attorney General Palmer. The Duty of JUL When the world blames and slenders as our duty Is not to be vexed with ft. hat rather to'consldcr whether there 11 say foundation, tor It, THE TOMAHAWK. WHITE EARTH. MINN. mm immpmmwmmirmmmmmpmm The poppy biases in the sunshine, she grain fields are ripening Into solden splen dor, and the butterflies and humming birds seemed to have gathered the gorgeous ness of nature's loveUest bues and im prisoned them within their folded wings. Some 8ummer Sandwiches. Sandwiches are a most popular form of food which will be served freely during the warm weather. The fol lowing may be suggestive: Picnic Sandwiches, Take Trench rolls, cut off the top of each and then with a spoon scoop out all the crumb, leaving the shell with a small opening at the top. Mix together four chopped olives, one pickle, a teaspoonful of capers and one large green pepper, chopped fine., Add, three tablespoonfuls of finely chopped boiled tongue and mix with the white meat of a chicken chopped fine. Moisten with mayonnaise dress ing and fill the roll replace the top and arrange In a sandwich basket serving at once. The filling may be added the last minute so that the shells will not become soaked. Potato Sandwiches. Mash four good-sized boiled pota toes, add a teaspoonful of salt, four tablespoonfuls of thick cream and the yolks of four hard-cooked eggs rubbed to a paste, a dash of cayenne and two tablespoonfuls of Alre oil mix well, and when a smooth paste Is formed spread on slices of brown bread. Gar nish the top with cress or lettuce. Will Require 200,000 Men To Harvest Kansas Wheat, Says Labor Service Chief An artsy of more than 200,000 men will be required to harvest the wheat crop in Kansas this year, according to A. L. Barkman, director of harvest work, United States employment serv ice. Sixty thousand of this number must come from outside the state. In making the estimate, he referred to the report of the Kansas board of agriculture, which said that "with a general average condition of 0932 per cent on an estimated total of 10,759,- 000 acres of growing winter wheat, Kansas never had a more flattering prospect for a record-smashing crop." The harvest labor problem In Kan sas is more difficult than In any other state, and 47,000 posters have been dis tributed among government buildings throughout the nation. While 500 let ters a day are received from prospec tive workers, Barkman said most care ful distribution will be necessary to prevent a labor shortage. Wheat cutting usually starts In the south central counties of Kansas about June 15 to 20, reaching the central part of the state ten days later. The demand for men Increases as the har vest district broadens. "Men should, if possible, provide themselves with sufficient funds to tide them over for a few days in case of rains or unavoidable delays in se curing work*," said Barkman. "The harvest fields'do not offer light work, and the sun is often exceedingly hot Therefore, boys and men who are un used to heavy work are handicapped In securing employment in competi tion with able-bodied, experienced men." Missouri can care for its big wheat crop with local labor, Barkman said. Nebraska and states north will be sup plied with harvest labor by the drift of men from Kansas, if that state, the center of the wheat belt, has sufficient supply. Cheap Coffee Is Made From Dandelion Root, According to a Prominent Botanist Much of the "surpassing" cheap brand of coffee Is made from dande lion root, according to Prof. William Trelease of the department of botany at the University of Illinois. Dande lions, he points out, belong to the chicory family, and the root Is used to adulterate coffee much as chicory. It Is also used to adulterate chicory. Pro fessor Trelease believes that the dan delion, which generally is considered a pest to good lawns, Is a vpry useful plant, which has strayed from Its proper place In the garden where It is cultivated. Besides being used for.cheap grades of coffee, the plant yields a milky juice which, In the form of extract. Is used as a medicine. The blanched leaves of the dandelion are often used for salads. They are also used as greens. In America there are two varieties of the dandelion, both of which are weeds. One kind has an olive-colored fruit pod, while the other has a red fruit pod. The latter is not so good for greens, since the leaves are stringy and cook down to almost nothing. There are 57 varieties altogether, most of which are native to Europe. In French gardens where they are cultivated they are delicious, espe cially for salads. The leaves are used to feed silkworms when mulberry leaves are not available. Many people believe that dandelions are used for butter coloring.- This is a mistake, however, as the name dande lion on the package Is a trade mark. The coloring Is made from coal tar dyes. Canning Club Products In Demand, Bring Good Prices and Increase Food Supply Some of the canning club girls or ganised by the home demonstration agents of the United States depart ment of agriculture and the state agri cultural colleges utilise their canning knowledge only to provide the family table with plenty of fruit and vege tables. The larger number, however, not only practice what they have learned for the benefit of their fam ilies, but Increase their incomes by marketing the surplus. The agents who helped during the canning later assist In the marketing of the prod ucts. The uniform excellence of the 4-H brand makes It a comparatively easy task to keep a customer once he has used the products. The agent in Jasper county, Mississippi, has found a ready sale for the canned fruits and vegetables her girls wish to selL One day in March $175 worth were weigh ed, sold and shipped. The demand Is constant, because the buyer reports that the club girls' canned goods are the best he has found on the market. Use Large Granite Slab to Form Marriage Certificate Among the Islanders of Jersey there is a pretty Sat curious marriage custom. As soon as the ceremony la over, and when the happy couple are entering Into occupation of their home, the large granite Slab over the porch Is Inscribed with the Initials of the bride and bridegroom, and between the two a rough representation of two hearts is entwined, the whole thus forming a marriage certificate far all the world to see. It is said that, the couple by nay chance he dtoerced. the hearts are through by am arrow, which hi cat Into Machine Helps Solve the Servant Problem This machine which can be called the "Mechanical Maid," was invented In England to assist housewives In overcoming the servant shortage. Dishes sufficient for a three-course service for five persons can be washed up in this! machine In a few moments. Photo, shows dishes being put Into machine. Intended for the Germans Deadliest Poison Ever Known Wat Made in the U.S. Guarded night and day and far out of human reach on a pedestal at the Interior .department exposition In Washington, D. C, is a tiny vlaL It contains a specimen of the deadliest poison ever known. It Is "Lewisite," product of an American scientist It is what Germany escaped by signing the armistice before all the resources of the United States were turned on her. Ten airplanes carrying "Lewisite" would have wiped out every vestige of lifehuman, animal and vegetable, in Berlin. A single day's output would snuff out the 4,000,000 lives on Man hattan island. A single drop poured In the palm of the hand would pene trate to the blood, reach the heart and kill the victim in great agony. What was coming to Germany may be imagined by the fact that when the armistice was signed It was being man ufactured at the rate of ten tons a day. Three thousand tons of this most terri ble instrument ever conceived for kill ing would have been ready for.busi ness on the American front in France on March 1. "Lewisite" is another of the big se crets of the war Just leaking out. It was developed In the bureau of mines by Prof. W. Lee Lewis of Northwest ern university, Evanston, III., who took a commission as a captain In the army. It was manufactured in a spe cially built plant near Cleveland, call ed the "mouse trap," because every workman who entered the stockade went under an agreement not to leave the 11-acre space until the war was won. Red Cross Issues Warning Against Using of Name and Emblem in Various Schemes The American Bed Cross has Issjgtd a warning to the public against per sons who are using the Red Cross name and emblem for commercial pur poses of various sorts. Any commer cial enterprise that is seeking to push Its business under the Red Gross name la doing so without the consent of the national and divisional headquarters of the organisation. The provisions of Its charter prohibit the use of the Red Cross name or emblem for com mercial purposes. Some of the en terprises named by the Red Cross as unauthorised are the selling of trink ets and war pictures by discharged and wounded soldiers with the state ment that a part of the profits of the sales will be given to the Red Cross, snd the offering for sale of certificates to the families of the men in the serv ice, representing that by such pur chase the family may obtain the speedy discharge of their soldiers and representing that the proceeds of the sale of these certificates will result in benefit for the Red Cross. BRIEF AID BREEZY Praise a man and hell not call you a liar. The average woman finds good looks an expensive habit. The man who lacks polish doesn't always lack humanity. The crab may not be as good eating as the lobster, but hell do In a pinch. The shorter the lee crop Is in the winter the longer the bin is in the |frrrfcrrrf--rrrri\rrrrrrrrrfrMi Community Drier Will Help Save Much Perishable Food Co-Operation Is Suggested Cities or villages confronted with the question of saving surplus perish able crops from home and school gar dens this season may well consider the construction and operation of ai community drier, according to B. L. Kirkpatrick of the Colorado Agricul tural college, who says: "Practically all vegetables, as well as fruits, may be dried or dehydrated and kept in paper bags or paper car tons until needed for use this fall*or winter. "The cost of a satisfactory fan equipped drier with a capacity of from 500 to 1,000 pounds of raw produce per day will be between $250 and $400. The best general-purpose plant is of the combined tunnel and cabinet type, fitted with an exhaust fan at one end and a box heating stove at the other. Pipe from the stove should run below the set of trays or tills throughout the full length of the drier. "Before undertaking the building of a plant, each community should make a thorough survey of the amount of perishable crops available, decide on a satisfactory building for housing tho outfit and formulate a business plan of operation throughout the season." JUST FOR FUN Getting Nowhere. "How long has young Dubson been calling on Miss Peache?" "I can't give you the exact number of nights, but I understand he has heard the family's stock of phonograph records three times over." "TJmph! If she's still playing tho phonograph he Isn't making much progress." Has No Class. "Miss Plain Isn't a society girl, la aher asked Mrs. Outotown. Oh, my, no,**, replied Miss Guy.! "In fact, she Is a| very common per son. She actuallyj listens to the mu sic when she goes to the opera." "A directors' meeting, ehr* "Yea." "A rather dull affair, I presume?* "No. A large dividend wag declared! When there's a Juicy 'melon* to cut, Iff there's any humor in a director's sys-l tern it comes out." Subject exhausted. "Well, why don't you say something?" ask ed the angry wom an after her long harangue. "My dear," re plied her husband meekly, "nothing remains to be "Hubby, I'm Ul today." "I could get my sister to come and nurse you." "Thanks, but I dont feel well to entertain her." v,U- i enough, Cause for Gratitude. He (during the quarrel)-.You i I'm as 'Sjg a fool as I look. SheI think that If you aren't BaT* 2 eTrat deal to be thankful