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Vol. XVII. Chippewas. Justice and Fair Dealing tor every Indian who deeireeto become a good Citizen. THE TOMAHAWK. Official Organ of the Minnesota 6US H. BEAULIEU, Founder. Edited by THE TOMAHAWK PUB. CO, White earth Agency, Minnesota. SIISNIPTIN: Slid PEA TEAR II ADVAICl Entered at the Poatofflce at White Earth. Minn., as1 second class. mail matter ot the Quit Quarreling. Aiian duh betting, of Pine Point, delivered almost Consistent and intelligent address at the local council which was held at the School Assembly Hall here. Tues day, June 3rd, to elect delegates to attend the General Council at Cass Lake this week, this council was, by arrangement between the Commissioner of Indian Affairs and officers of the General Council, reconvened at Pinehurst on June 17th. In substance Auan dub be tung stated: Now, my brethren, we have assembled here for a most potent purpose, to select delegates to represent the White Earth Minne sota Chippewas at the General Council the time has arrived, my brethren, when we must quit quar reting and act as one for the gen eral interests of oor people here tofore we hate spent a great deaf of our time at these councils ii. wrangling and quarreling among ourselves abusing he another as mixed-blood or full-blood some of my kindred say I am a "full blood," then I am likewise a "mixed-blood," because the in terest of one is the interest of all therefore we should quit quarrel ing and work in harmony for the common good. I know that there are some influences working among us which are not friendly to us these influences, or people, are trying to keep us divided and to make us weak. We must not listen to such persons they are only capallers, working for their own selfish interests and not for our good. Beware of them. Let us be united and work together as one because in this way only can we hope to accomplish good re sults." guch sound, logical argument*, especially- from one of the leaders of the so-called full-blood faction, protends most cheering hopes for more harmoniousfellowship among the reservation people- in the future and the speedy develop ments of decided united efforts towards the conclusion of self determination and absolute free dom from the depressing and de moralizing segregated ideals of the Indian Bureau. Yes, let's quit quarreling and work in har mony. Wisconsin Indians Pre test. Green Bay, Wis.Announce roent from Washington that on July 1st the station: maintained at the Oneida reservation west of this city would be closed, the school and farm discontinued and the institution sold has aroused a storm of protest among Indians on the reservation. The Oneida tribe is still the largest in Wisconsin and consists of more than 2,600 people. The reservation originally consisted of 65,000 acres in Brown and Outa gamie counties, but the land has been allotted to the Indians and in part sold to white farmers. The tribe is a remnant of the original five nations in New York who were removed to Wisconsin in 1838. The members have be come civilized and are all farmers, maintaining well stocked barns and with up to date farming equip nient. Following the announcement of the closing of the station, the In dians held a mass meeting and drafted resolutions to Congress asking that the order to sell be set aside and that the' government turn the station over to the Oneida nation. They say the station is on land, which they received in the treaty award and that the govern ment has no right to sell it. A movement has been inaugur ated by agricultural lists of Brown, Outagamie, Oconta, Waupaca and other counties to have the large buildings, which have served as a school and dormitory, converted into an inter-county agricultural school and experiment station. Representatives pf the agricul tural interests of the counties of this section of the state plan to appeal to the Wisconsin legists ture to present a memorial to Congress asking that the buildings of Oneida be turned over to the state of Wisconsin to be used as an agricultural school and experi ment station. A delegation of farmers and agricultural agents of the counties inspected the buildings and found them to be suitable for the pose. Land adjoining the build* ings is adapted for experimenting with crops. C. Hart, Indian agent at Oneida for nearly twenty years, has been 'assigned to the Indian reservation at Pawnee, Oklahoma, and will have supervision of the reservations at Pawnee, Ponca and Otoe. He will report for duty at Pawnee on July 15th. The abandonment of the agency at Oneida is due to the .fact that only a limited number of children have attended the school in the last two years, and also because the Indians have their own town ship government. The townships, Hobart and Oneida, have been formed with Oneida in charge of the govern ment. The Oneida agency will be trans ferred to Keehena, headquarters of the Menominee Indian agency. St, Paul Pioneer Press. We print above in full an ex cerpt from the St. Paul Pioneer Press. Our brethren the Oneidas have come into their own in the release from government over sight. True to its nature howswer the Indian Bureau will not release without a last say and propose to close the institutions and dispose of lands in accordance with its own sweet will. The Indians in their protest propose to have something to say in regard to the final disposition of their institutions and lands. The rightfully claim that both the buildings and the land is their own and ask that the order to sell be set aside and the title to land be conferred to the Oneida nation. This is a just claim and the protest against the government selling the lands and buildings without COJ suiting the Indiana logically arisesThe from it. The Oneida nation would then be at liberty to conduct schools or sell land according to their own views, and as to the matter of a large school under the auspices of several counties of Wisconsin, it men. Nf? THE TOMAHAWK. OFFICIAL ORGAN O THE MINNESOTA CHIPPEWAS. Tfuth before Favor." evidently would be' in accord with the views of the Oneidas. Once the title was national,. the nation we believe could sell on better terms than could the federal government. The federal govern ment would be absessed with the idea that it was disposing of abandoned property and would be disposed to accept any sort of bid. The Oneidas, if they, in and by themselves stood in the position of grantor in esse, could arrange for price and terms on their own initiative. The Oneidas koown to some of our Chippewas, are men of intelli gence and who know to a certainty the value of the land measured by the valuer of neighboring tracts individually owned by white peo pie. If the Oneidas desire to sell land and school buildings, the judgement of such men as Denoi son Wheelock and others would seem the most favorable of prices. Brethren of the Oneidas, stick to your protest and secure your rights by engaging the interest of your senators and congress- Officers ofGeneral Council Hold Speeiel Adjourn- on Monday. B. L. Fairbanks and Theo. B. Beaulieu, members of the execu tive committee, Geaeml Ooane^^^*^^ *ncient cnee Minnesota Chippewas, from this reservation, left last Sunday night for Bemidji, Minn., where a special session of the executive officers of the General Council was. held Oh Monday, at which time the meeting of the General Coun cil was officially adjourned from Bemidji to Cass Lake. This action was necessary in order to conform with the constitution and by-laws of the General Council which was by official notice of its president, John G. Morrison, Jr to meet at Bemidji on July 8th, but which later, in conformity with the re quest of tue Commissioner of Indian Affairs and Congress, was adjourned to Cass Lake. In Probate Court. Citation lor Hearing on Final Ac count and for Distribution. Estate of Kah-kah-be-she-quay or Mary White. State of iunesota, County of Becker, In Probate Court. In the Matter of the Estate of Kali kah-be-shequny or Mary White, Decedent. The State of Minnesota to Louisa L, Lynch, George Lufklns, and Lucy Logan, Whereas, John J. Lynch, ex ecutor of the estate of above named decedent, has filed in this court his final account of his administration of the estate of the atov named deced ept, together with his petition pray for the adjustment and allowance of said final account and for distribu tion of the residue of said estate to the persons thereunto entitled: IT IS ORDERED, that said petition be heard, and that all persons interest ed in said matter be and appear be fore this courton the 28th day of July, 1919, at 10 o'clock A. M., at the Pro bate Court Rooms in the Court House, at the City of Detroit, in said county,'and then and there, or as soon thereafter as said matter can be heard, show cause, if any they liave, why said petition should not be granted and that this citation be served by the publication thereof in Tomahawk, White Earth, Minn., according to law. WITNESS the Honorable K. O. Hanson, Judge of said court, this 27th day of Jane, 1019. E. O. HANSON, Judge. F. I BEAULIEU, Attorney for Petitiorer. White Earth, Becker County, Minnesota, Thursday, July 10, 1919. No. 12. Never Despair. Even as staunch a religionist as King David once for a moment lost heart and exclaimed, "How fong,Oh Lord, how long." The Indian has bad his faith in justice sorely tried his patience shaken, but he has never given way to absolute despair, and wailed aloud to his unseen. |j fie has endured for many a.year, arid as a whole reposing some faith in the Great Father at Washing ton even though now and again fighting the pioneer invading his home. There is this to be said of him, when he and the en croacher came into the encounter of war, the Iudian always came to a decision to trupt again to the promises of the Great Father. But all along he has carried in mind a doubt of the "Big Agent," (the Indian Bureau) never feeling sure of a right outcome because of dislike of the Big Agent's meth ods. For a long period no open rebellion to bureaucratic methods occured, but of late years intense criticism has been shown in coun cils and by the words of leading men. THE TOMAHAWK counts itself a foremost enemy of bureau cracy and has not spoken soft words. It believes that now to gether with men like Dr. Eastman, Father Gordon and Dr. Monte zuma, a breach in the walls of the Indian Office has been made, and $. hope exists that Congress will help the Indian mightly. To in- said, "No use trying as well try rm nmm and milk he sroats with hope of results." The Indian is not try ing to milk he goats in ah effort to get the goat of the Indian Office. Wisconsin Chippewas Sell Lands. Fifty thousand acres of land on the Lac Court Oreille Indian res ervation near Couderay, Wis., was put on the market recently by the Chippewa Indians of Wiscon sin. The state federal highway runs through the reservation. Some time ago the Indian de partment issued authority to the Chippewas to dispose of their holdings in Sawyer county. Most of the reservation which is being opened to white settlers consists of cut-over hardwood lands. Series of Choosing*. Life Is one long series ot chooslngs. This way or thut? Shall we do or leave undone? The questions fill every :our of every dny, and by our wise or foolish answers we write, our hla rory. The Fault Is Yours. Never complain that your confidence hns been betrayed. The fault is VQUrn for pouring unsafe talk into a leaky mind. You do not blame a leaky pnU for leaking. Blame yourself for not knowing it leaked.Life. Cactus Candy. Louisiana has a new product. It Is cactus candy. The cactus is peeled, lipped in hot sirup or molasses and coated with powdered sugar. Read TUB TOMAIIAWX, $1.50. When you want the best White Earth, 52 issue In Groceries, Dry Goods, Winter Clothing, Footwear, etc., call on us. We're right here every day in the year (except Sunday) to supply you" with any and everything you may need in THE BEST AND PUREST GROCERIES IN THE MARKET. The B. L. Fairbanks Company. *"NNBSOTA H^STOK-ICAt Published in behalf of, and to secure the welfare of the Indians of the United States. Encouraging Fact I know of no more encouraging fact than the unquestionable ability of man to elevate his life by a conscious en deavor. Tt Is something to be able to paint particular picture or to carve a stntue, and so to make a few objects beautiful, but it is far more glorious to carve and paint the very atmos phere and medium through which we look, which morally we can do. Thoreau, Now is the time subscription. to pay that The Society Of. AMERICAN INDIANS. A NATIONAL OUGANIMATION OF AMERICANS^ OrtmnlieA mt Ohio Stmto University.". KPHIL, 1911. MEMBERSHIP ActiveIncluding Magazine, $2 annually. Junior ActiveIndians under 21 years of age. Including Maga zine, $1.50 annually. Without Magazine, 50c annually. Application for membership should be made to the Secretary-Treasur er, Society of American Indians, 707 20th Street, Washington, D. 0i Information regarding the Society will be cheerfully furnish ed upon inquiry to the Secretary Treasurer, Washington, D. C. Dr. CHARLES EASTMAN, President, Amherst, Mass. Advertise in. THE it brings results. ^ja^auaMj/mj^ja^m^jjm^^m^hmgff^m IsWfc lesJa StS TOMAHAWK m* mmmtwmmmemmmuwmumt IWK^ ggfr flinnesota.