SiGNEO BY ALLIES'
AND THE GERMANS
Big Covenant Is Made Reality at
Versailles in Record Time.
FOES FIRST TO FIX NAMES
President Wilson Is Second, Followed
by Qlemenceau, Lloyd George and
Many Other EnvoysCere
I mony Is Most Imprcs
slve in History.
Versailles. June 28.The peace
treaty has been signed.
The world war, which for more
(than four years ravaged the greater
'part of Europe, was ended officially
at 3:45 o'clock today, when cannon
boomed, announcing that the last
plenipotentiary to the conference had
affixed his signature to the peace
The delegates, in addition to sign*
lng the world peace treaty, also af
fixed their signature to the Rhine
protocol and the Polish undertaking.
Germans First Sign.
The meetingepochatoin the world's
historyin the Hall of Mirrors in the
Chateau Louis XIV, began at 3:10
o'clock, and the German delegates,
the first to sign, had affixed their
names at 3:13.
The signing was done within a few
yards of the spot in the same hall
.where William I had himself been
crowneu emperor of Germany on Janu
ary 1& 1871, and where the German
empire was proclaimed.
Wilson Affixes Signature.
The .American delegates, headed by
President Wilson, were the second to
sign, the American executive placing
his name below that of Dr. Johannes
Bell, the second of the German en
Then the plenipotentiaries of Great
Britain, Its colonies, France, Japan,
and Italy signed, followed by repre
sentatives of the minor powers In al
phabetical order, with Belgiuman the
China Refuses to Sign.
Three incidents of moment marred
the signing of the treaty.
China's delegates did not attend,
declining to sign because they were
not permitted to make reservations.
The plenipotentiaries had written
Premier Clemenceau,' president of the
pence conference, that they would not
be present and that they were await
ing instructions from their govern
Smuts Enters Protest*
Gen. Jan Christian Smuts, one of
the delegates representing the Union
of South Africa, signed under protest.
He objected to certain territorial set
tlements, declaring that the indemni
ties stipulated could not be accepted
without grave Injuries to the indus
trial revival of Europe.
He declared it would be to the In
terests of the allied and associated
powers to make the stipulations more
tolerable and* moderate.
Unknown to the public, but "of great
moment, was a protest by the German
delegates. Herr Haniel von HalmhnU
sen, secretary cf the German delega
tion, declared to Colonel Henri, French
liason officer, that "we cannot admit
that the German delegates should
enter the hall by a different door than
the entente delegates: nor that mili
tary honors should be withheld. Had
we known there would be sch ar
rangements before the delegates would
not have come."
After a conference It was decided as
a compromise to render military hon
ors as the Germans left.
Premier Clcmenceau's opening re
"The session is open. The allied and
associated powers, on the one side,
and the German commission, on the
other side, have come to an agreement
on the conditions of peace.
"The text has been completed and
dra/ted and the president of the con
ference has stated in writing that the
text that is about to be signed now is
to be signed now Is Identical with the
200 copies that have been delivered to
the German delegation.
"The signatures will be given now,
and 'hey amount to a solemn under
taking faithfully and loyally to exe
cute* the conditions embodied hy this
treaty of peace.
"I now invite the delegates of the
German relch to sign the treaty."
The credentials of the new German
delegates were approved by the peace
conference authorities during the fore
noon and everything was virtually in
readiness here at an early hour for
the reaiony set for three o'clock In
ithe afternoon. The morning had been
cloudy one, but shortly before mid
day the clouds began to break and the
Indication were that the afternoon of
ithe momentous ceremony would be
bright and sunny.
Last minute changes were made In
the program to expedite the signing of
The treaty was signed under the
"watchful eyes of stalwart American
tdougbtoys, French Pollus and British
iTomniios, the real "artisans of the
jpeace'* which has been slowly taking
definite form daring the long months
Mf the Paris conference.
Mars! ils and generals of the allies*
armies took the first places on the
benches provided for the privileged
guests Invited to the ceremony, but the
15 privates from each of the principal
armies stood within the inclosure re
served for the plenipotentiaries and
high officials of the conference as the
visible 6ign of their role in bringing
Into heing a new Eurorie.
Soldiers Stand Near Foeh.
The soldiers stood in the embrasures
of the windows overlooking the cha
teau park, a few feet from their com
mander in chief, Marshal Foch, who
was seated. with the French delegation
at the peace table.
A change In the program was Intro
duced as a result of the attitude taken
by the German government, press and
public toward the execution and bind
ing validity of the treaty. The Ger
man plenipotentiaries, instead of be
ing regarded from the moment of sig
nature as representatives of a formally
friendly power with which diplomatic
relations have been renewed, left the
hall after the signature separately by
the, floor through which they entered,
noT joining the general procession of
delegates to the terrace of the chateaji
to watch the playing of the great
fountain of VersajUes.
Oniy Formality to Germans.
For the Germans peace was regard
ed as concluded from the moment of
ratification, since-the German govern
ment had announced that it would sign
the treaty only under protest and Ger
man political leaders had declared
their Intention to work to undermine
the provisions of the treaty.
The peace tablea huge hollow rec
tangle with Its open side facing the
windows in the hallhad tawny yel
low coverings blending with the rich
browns, blues and yellows of the an
tique hangings of the room and the
rugs covering the dais. The mellow
tints of the historical paintings on the
arched roof of the long hall completed
The great horseshoe-shaped table
held the representatives of every
power which banded together to
stamp out militarism and absolutism
from the earth.
In the center of the great horseshoe
sat Clemenceau, the French premier.
At his right sat President Wilson. On
his left was Lloyd George. the^British
Across the room and Just In front of
the section reserved for the guests the
German delegates were seated. The
contrast was very sharp. The old
Prussian arrogance was not revealed
by the members of the German cabi
net who had assumed the duty of salv
aging what was left of their country.
Seating of Envoys.
The seating arrangement of the
delegates was as follows:
On President Wilson's side of the
Secretary Lansing, Colonel House,
Henry White, General Bliss, and after
them the French, Italian, Belgian and
Swinging around the horseshoe were
the Polish, Portuguese, Roumanian,
Czecho-Slovaklan, Siamese, Cuban and
Chinese delegates. At the left of Pre
mier Lloyd "George were the other rep
resentatives of Britain and her domin
ions and the Japanese. Swinging
around the corner were the represen
tatives of Germany, Brazil, Bolivia,
Uruguay, Peru, Panama, Nicaragua,
Liberia, Honduras, Haiti, Guatemala
Marshal Foch was seated among the
French delegates. He was not a peace
plenipotentiary and did not sign the
Of the Italian delegation only three
were presentBaron Sonoino, M. Ira
erlall and Cresi. The others bad not
arrived at a late hour.
Paris was en fete for the occasion.
A holiday was proclaimed throughout
the city. From every building hung
the flogs of the allied nations. Thou
sands of persons in holiday attire
gathered along the roads leading to
The streets, as usual, were, heavily
guarded by troops. Through packed
lanes -of humanity the delegates
passed, one by one, their motors
flounting the flags of practically all
nations except those which made up
the central powers and the few neu
trals not represented.
Great Crowd at Versailles.
The greatest crowd that has assem
bled in Versailles since the days of the
French revolution .swarmed in from
Paris early today for the ceremony
attending the signing of peace by the
allied and German delegates in the
historic Palace of Versailles.
Long before down throngs began
pushing their way into the city and
surging up against the lines of
French cavalry and infantry guarding
all approaches to the palace and the
Hotel Reservoir, a block away, where
the headquarters of the German peace
mission awaited the arrival of Foreign
Minister Mueller and the new peace
delegates from Berlin.
The magnificent old chateau that
housed the kings of France before the
revolution had been gorgeously fitted
for the occasion. Bare tapestries, rich
carpets and superb furniture were
placed in all the apartments through
which the aiyed and German delegates
and the 600 guests and newspaper cor
respondents were to make their ap
proach to the hall.
Strikers Parade In Rio Janeiro.
Bio Janeiro, Brazil, June 30.Fif-
teen thousand men and women, em
ployes of manufacturing industries
who are on strike, held a mass meet
ing to show the public that statements
published in some newspapers that
the strike had terminated wore un
true. After the meeting several thou
sands of the strikers paraded through
the streets. The parade was orderly.
AT FERGUS FALLS
Citizens Making Provision for
Material with Which to Re
pair Shattered Dwellings.
STATE TO GIVE FUNDS
Calamity Board to Meet to Authorize
Emergency ExpendituresList of
Dead Remains at 54Seriously
Injured Are Recovering.
Reconstruction is going forward at
Fergus Falls. With the task of re
moving debris well on the way to corn-
THE TOMAHAWK. WHITE EARTH, MINN.
t. :_ -flffl
^*wfe**l6$p3KV -x. '-*& -i:
Many of those whose recovery seemed
in doubt have passed the crisis safely.
The state calamity board will, be
called shortly, Governor J. A. A. Burn*
quist announced, lo authorize state
emergency expenditures for the relief
and benefit of sufferers in the tornado.
The amount to be authorized re
mains to be considered and fixed, but
probably will be, proportionate to that
of $30,000 allowed for the benefit of
Tyler tornado sufferers last fall.
Depressed by the tornado, Henry
Maire, of the firm of Maire & Bell,
hardware dealers, committed suicide.
Mr. Mairo's home was partially
wrecked by the storm, but he and his
brother remained there while the rest
of the family went to another home.
Maire went to bed late at night When
his brother arose in the morning he
found the bed empty. At noon Maire
failed to appear and anxiety began to
be felt. Guards, called in and ques
tioned, reported they had heard a shot
shortly after midnight in the neigh
borhood of the Maire home. Two hun
dred National Guardsmen were sent
to make a thorough search. The body
Ruins of Zion Church.
pletion householders are given time
to think of their own needs and to
make provision for the lumber and
was found in a wrecked building with
a revolver beside it.
A collection for the relief of tor-
Ruins of Church of Our Lady of Victory,
other building materials with which to nado sufferers was taken among the
repair their own shattensd dwellings.
No more bodies have been recov
ered from the ruins. The list of dead
Typical Scene In Residence Section,
remains st 54. The injured are being, Paulson family sought shelter in the
well cared for in the state hospital
and Wright's and SC Luke's hospitals,
which were untouched by the tornado.
i*~-*- -^5 ''iv*
thousands of motorists who visited the
city last Sunday.
When the tornado struck, the P. G.
basement. The basement windows
crashed in and the floor was soon cor*
ered with water.
Near Northern Pacific Depot
,SSSffiSg I faglteStoiMcfeandBogwjy
Copy of Wrapper.
The earl of Dunmore said at a fare
well dinner in New York:
"Democracy does away with snob
bishness. I called one afternoon on a
Chicago lady, and her little son was
presented to me. The urchin studied
me curiously as I drank my tea. At
length he said:
'Why are you a lord, mlstert Was
you bora in a manger?'"
8HAKE INTO YOUR 8HOE8.
Allan's Foot=Kaae. the antiseptic powder
to be shaken Into the shoes and sprinkled
In the foot-bath. It relieves painful, swol
len, smarting: feet and takes the stinsout
of corns and bunions. Allen's Foot=saa
is a certain relief for sweating callous,
tired, aching feet, and makes walking a
delight Sold everywhere.Adv.
At a recent Sunday school entertain
ment one of the primary pupils posed
tn a tableau as the "Infant Samuel."
In a surplice, at his teacher's knee,
hands clasped as if In prayer, the ef
fect would have been most reverent
If Billy, the "Infant Samuel's" partner
in marbles, had not been holding forth
on the front seat. In the hush that
followed the raising of the curtain
"Prayln* 'bout that swell agate of
mine you went and copped, are you?"
"The lightning played a good Joke
on my boy, Blister, tuther day," re
lated Gap Johnson of Rumpus Ridge.
"He was feeling around under a tree
when It began to rain, and the next
thing a bolt of lightning tore a big
limb off'm the tree and slammed it
down on Blister. You ort to have
heered him r'ar and cuss as he dug
his way out from under It. Made him
madder than a scalded cat, to be fit
by something he couldn't fight back
at."Kansas City Sar.
Buy a Farm Now.
Because land fa cheeper then It will ever
fee rln. The U. 8. Railroad Administration
Is prepared to famish free information to
homeaeekcrs regarding* farming opportuni
ties. We have nothing to sell no money to
lend? only Information to give. Write me
fully with reference to your needs. Name
the state you want to learn about. J. I*
Edwards, Manager, Agricultural Section,
V. 8. Railroad Administration, Room 10,
Washington. O. C.adv.
RobsonWhy are you offering such
a thumping big reward for that
wretched-looking cat of your wife's?
DobsonOnly to please the wife,
RobsonBut such a big reward will
certainly bring the brute back, and
then you'll look jolly sick.
DobsonDon't worry, my boy. The
beast won't come back. Tou see, I
drowned It myself.Boston Post.
Tor Infants and Children.
Mothers Know Thai
Hammer and Tongs.
Bishop Elllston Caruthers of Savan
nah, Ga., was talking about Russia.
"Poor Russia Is in a bod way," ho
said. "Bolsheviks and cadets, maxi
malists and Cossacks are going for one
another hammer and tongs. Instead
of uniting to defeat the common en
emy, they squabble likelike the par
son and the choir.
"The parson, you know, thought to
get the better of the hostile choir one
Sunday morning by announcing at the
end of the first anthem:
'Our text, brethren, will be "And'
after the uproar was ceased."
"But the choir got back at the par*
son by singing for the closing anthem
at the sermon's end:
'Now It is high time to awake out
of sleep.'"Cincinnati Enquirer.
Not 8o Much.
"Got any Jack with you, rantey?"
asked the gob. "Spilt it 00-50 with
me, will yer?'\
"Can't do it, old pal. I ain't got
that much."Indianapolis Star.
In Bed Twelve Weeks From
Rheumatic Trouble. Now
'Tor twelve weeks I lay abed, unable
to move a muscle," .says Mrs. Gost
Johnson, 654 Seventh St., Red Wing,
"The pains that shot through my
entire body seemed
more than any human
being could stand. My
hands and arms sad
lower limbs were pat
in splints to stop them
from twisting into
knots. Every ligament
seemed ready to snap.
I can't understand how
I endured such agony.
agreed that I had in
tism, but their medi
cine didn't give me any
folks wanted to take me to a hospital,r~
but I would not let them. The doctors
said that nothing could be done for me.
"I had been an invalid now for two
years, befcte I finally decided to resort
to Doan'a Kidney PttU. I used twelve
boxes and they surely did prove their
wonderful merit. It is a year smce.
and I have enjoyed the best health of
all my life. I weigh nearly 170 pounds
and am like a different person in eroy
respect. I shall always praise Doaw*
Sworn to before me,
HAROLD V. PETERSON,
GatDsearsatJsafSfem,S0c a Bsa
SOSnsteBaUUMI CO. BUFFALO. N.T.
W. N. U., Minneapolis, No. 27-1919.
One Crop Often Pays for the Land
xml | txt