WORLD LEAGUE IS
Peace Treaty Without Covenant
Mere Scrap of Paper, Says
President to Senate.
DELIVERS HIS MESSAGE
Galleries Ignore Rule and Rise to
Cheer Wilson When He Enters
Borah Calls for Shantung
Washington, July 11.In present
ing the peace treaty with Germany
to the senate, President Wilson de
clared that "a league of free nations
had- become a practical necessity," to
Which the framers of the treaty felt
bilged to turn "as an indispensable
Instrumentality for the maintenance
of the new order it has been their
purpose to set up in the world."
When the president entered the sen
ate chamber, escorted by a committee
of senators, the crowded galleries rose
and cheered for a minute in disregard
of the senate rules. The president,
mounting to the vice-presideat's seat,
spoke briefly with Vice-president T. R.
Marshall as the cheering continued.
Says League Solved Problems.
"The most skeptical" of the peace
conferees at Paris, the president said,
had turned more and more to the
league as discussion progressed In
seeking solution of the problems that
arose in framing the terms of the trea
"The fact that the covenant of tho
league was the first substantive part
of the treaty to be worked out and
agreed upon," the president said,
"while all else was in solution, helped
to make the formulation of the rest
Became Counsel of Necessity.
Mr. Wilson said the agreement on
the covenant had given the confrees a
feeling that their work was to be per
manent and that the most practical
among them "were at last the most
ready to refer to the League of Nations
the superintendence of all Interests
which did not admit of Immediate de
termination of all administrative prob
lems which were to require a continu
"What had seemed a counsel of per
fection," said the president, "had come
to seem a plain counsel of necessity.
The League of Nations was the prac
tical statesman's hope of success In
many of the most difficult things he
Borah Calls for Shantung Papers.
Immediately after President Wilson
left the Senate chamber, Senator
Borah, Idaho, introduced a resolution
asking the president to send to the
senate, "if not incompatible with pub
lic Interest," letters and protests from
members of the peace commission rela
tive to Shantung. The resolution asks
particularly for a letter of protest al
leged to have been written to the
president by General Tasker H. Bliss
on behalf of himself, Secretary Rob
ert Lansing and Henry White of the
The president was also asked to
submit any memorandum available
which would indicate that Japanese
attempted to coerce Chinese delegates
In the Shantung matter.
The resolution went to the foreign
relations committee without debate.
Holds Reservations Need Two-thirds.
President Wilson is understood to
take the'position that a two-thtrds ma
jority will be required to adopt any
senate reservations in ratifying the
peace treaty. The impression of op
position leaders in the senate has been
that only a simple majority would be
WANT LOWER LIVING PRICES
"Merciless Exploitation" by Private
Profiteers Is Charged.
London, July 11.The government
Is called upon to make a definite
pledge to reduce the cost of living or
to resign, in a resolution passed by
the national executive committee of
the labor party. The resolution de
clared the government had failed to
prevent "merciless exploitation" of the
public by private profiteers who are
charged with taking "ruthless" advan
tage of the shortage in supplies and
FIVE DROWNED AT IOWA PARK
Two Inch Rainfall at Dubuque Has
Dubuque, Iowa. July 11.Seven per
sons were killed and several others
seriously injured as a result of two
Inches of rain falling in Dubuque coun
ty. Five were drowned when a pa
vilion at Union park was undermined
by the heavy rain and fell. Six bridges
were washed out In Dubuque county,
crops were ruined and trains were de
layed by washed-out tracks.
Judge Lindsay Given Appeal.
Dearer, July 11.Judge B. B. Lind
awy obtained permissios from the state
upreme court to appeal to the United
States supreme court from the recent
decision of the state supreme court
staining a fine of $500 against him
em a contempt charge.
Ritchie Abandons Boxing
Baa Francisco, July 11.Declaring
he la through with boxing. WUlie Bit
chle has wired Philadelphia
aa offer to Beat Lew
MOVIES IN CHURCHES
Methodist Ministers Approve Use
of Educational Films.
Several Protests Are Voiced by Both
Clergy and Laymen During the
Columbus, Ohio, July 10.More than
100 Methodist ministers in session at
the Centenary exposition approved
the introduction of motion pictures in
to their churches as a religious and
spiritual. and educational movement.
Several protests were made by
both ministers and laymen. It was
said that motion pictures in the
churches defeated the purpose for
which the Sabbath was created and
changed it from a day of rest to a
day of pleasure seeking. It was also
brought out that Methodists were con
tradicting themselves in permitting
pictures in their churches, especially
on Sundays, when they were opposed
to motion picture houses keeping open
"I approve pictures to create an at
mosphere in' the church," said Dr.
Charles F. Reisner of New York,
"which could not otherwise be ob
tained. They should not be made
paramount but rather incidental to re
ligious teaching, however."
SALES DIRECTOR TESTIFIES
Declares Surplus Army Canned Goods
Washington, July 10.Millions of
pounds'of meat and canned vegetables
delivered to the war department are
deteriorating while the American peo
pie "need every ounce of food," C. W.
Hare, director of sales for the depart
ment, told the house committee in
vestigating war expenditures.
This food, he said, consists of 75,-
000,000 pounds of bacon, 580,000
pounds of ham, $60,000,000 worth of
canned meats and '$100,000,000 worth
of canned vegetables.
SUPPORT PETROGRAD DRIVE
Said Allied Powers Will Furnish As
sistance to Finns.
Paris, July 10.Approval of a plan
for concerted attack upon Petrograd
by Finnish troops and the forces of
the Kolchak government at Omsk has
been given by the Council of Five.
A Joint note has been sent the mil
itary attaches of the United States,
Great Britain, France and Italy at
Helsingfors instructing them to sup
port the Finnish government If it de
cided to accede to the request of Ad
miral Kolchak to assist him in the
TURKEY IS FACING REVOLT
Rebels May Form New Government in
Paris, July 10.The formation of a
separate Turkish government in Asia
Minor by Mustapha Kernel Pasha and
Essed Pasha is indicated as a possi
bility in dispatches received in peace
conference circles from Greek sources.
lame Pasha, who Is reported to have
troops with 47 heavy guns and
many machine guns, is said to have re
fused to comply with an order from
the government in Constantinople to
return to the capital.
Y. M. C. A. SECRETARY KILLED
Loses Hie Life In Airplane Accident
Prague. July 10.James Ceary, a sec
retary of the American T. M. C. A.,
was killed and an Italian aviator in
jured when a machine in which they
were flying over the Wysehrad bridge
tell. Tht pilot was dome circus tricks
with the airplane and Ceary operating
a moving picture apparatus when the
plane tell and was wrecked.
French Officials to Get Raise.
Paris, July 11.Increased pay to all
government officers, agents and other
employes' was decided upon by the*
cabinet. The increases are effective
from July 1. In no case shall they
exceed 150 per cent.
Wissel Quits German Cabinet.
Copenhagen, July 11.Heir Wissel,
minister of economics in the German
cabinet, has resigned because of the
opposition of other members of the
to his plans which were on
to free trade.
These wounded American soldiers at Gun Hill Road base hospital were having a lot of fun with a mock marriage,
all members of the bridal party being casualties. The wedding procession was made with the aid of crutches and
TREATY IS JUST
President Believes Peace Pact
Will Safeguard World From
SPEAKS AT NEW YORK
Chief Executive Takes Mild Fling at
Opponents by Saying They Have
Been Listening to Their
New York, July 10.In his first
speech delivered on American soil
since the peace treaty was signed,
President Wilson declared that the
peace concluded at Paris was a "just
peace, which, if it can be preserved,
will safeguard the world from unneces
The only reference the President
made to his political opponents was.
when in referring to the. negotiations
at Paris he said:
"I am afraid some people, some per
sons do not understand that vision.
They do not see it. They have looked
too much upon the ground. They have,
thought too much of the Interests that
were near them and they have listened
to the voices of their neighbors,
have never had a moment's doubt as
to where the heart and purpose of this
Croat Ovation at Washington.
Washington, July 10.President Wil
son, returning to Washington after an
absence of four months at the Paris
Peace conference, told Washington
citizens who greeted him at the union
station, that he came home "confident
that the people of the United States
were for the league of nations."
A crowd estimated at 100,000 greet
ed the President at the station. It
included District of Columbia officials,
members of congress and representa
tives of the army and nary.
Immediately after the welcoming
ceremonies, President and Mrs. Wilson
went to the White House. Aa they
passed down Pennsylvania avenue
they were welcomed by thousands,
and a large throng greeted them, in
front of the White House.
Responding to an address of wel
come from J. H. Ralston, head of the
District citizens' committee, the Pres
"This very beautiful reception is a
very gratifying surprise and it makes
me grateful to you all. I came home
confident that the people of the United
States were for the league of nations,
but to receive this immediate assur
ance of it is particularly pleasing to
me. It' makes my homecoming just
that much the more delightful. I
have never been quite so eager to get
home as I was this time, and every
thing I have seen since I sighted land
unt^l now has' made me gladder and
gladder that I am home.,
"No. conntry can possibly look so
good as this country looked to me."
The trip from New York to Wash
ington was made without incident.
HEAVY LOANS TO FARMERS
Banks Advanced Money ae Result of
Washington, July 10.Senators G. M.
Hitchcock, Nebraska, and Charles Cur
tis and Arthur Capper of Kansas said
their folks hack home wanted the
wheat price guaranty to remain for
the present. Those opposing the re
peal sajd banks had loaned heavily on
the strength of the guaranty aad if it
were done away with, a financial
crisis might result.
Win Lift Commercial Censorship.
Parts, July 11. Decision was
reached by the council of five to lift
thfe commercial censorship on com
mnnicatioas with Germany simultane
ously with the lifting of the block
ade. The decision will not affect mat
ters of a political nature.
Gold Will Go to Spain.
New York, July 11.GoM to the
amount of $3.75,000 has been with
drawn from the subtreasnry here for
THE TOMAHAWK, WHITE EARTH. MINN.
WOUNDED, BUT HAVEN'T LOST THEIR SPIRIT OF FUN
STATES IRISH POLICY
Secretary MacPherson Preparing
New Home Rule Bill.
Government Shelves Present Measure
Because It Is Unacceptable
London, July 10.The first authori
tative announcement on .the adminis
tration's Irish policy has been made
by Sir James Ian MacPherson, chief
secretary for Ireland.
declared the govern
ment had decided to shelve the pres
ent home rule bill because it was
unacceptable to the Irish people. He
said he was preparing a substitute
measure which would be submitted
"We must act within six months,"
he declared. ."However, the British
government will never agree to domin
ion rule in the sense it is possessed
by Canada. Whatever form of gov
ernment finally is applied in Ulster,
under no' circumstances will she be
coerced to enter any jurisdiction re
pugnant to her."
Questioned with regard to the ef
fect of possible recognition of Irish
independence by the American sen
ate, Sir James said:
/'Such actfon undoubtedly would
lead to a break in diplomatic relatione
between Britain and the United States.
Personally I cannot.conceive of this
happening. It would' be an unthink
able breach of international comity."
TOTAL CASUALTIES 297,147
War Department Issues List Corrected
Up to July 2.
Washington, July 10.Total casual
ties in the American Expeditionary
Forces, including all corrections and
alterations published to July 2, were
given in an official report as 297,147.
This was a net increase of 1,565 over
the last report on June" 25. Battle
deaths increased 321, to 60,150, and
total deaths, 6,400, to 78,917. The
wounded aggregated 216,309 and the
missing 1,921,* a decrease of 281 from
the last total reported.
RESOLUTION SEEKS FACTS
Senate Measure Asks President About
Alleged Secret Treaty.
.Washington, July 10.President Wil
son was asked in a resolution intro
duced by Senator H. C. Lodge to trans
mit to the senate, "if not incompatible
with the public interest," a copy of
an alleged secret treaty made be
tween Japan and Germany and infor
mation as to whether -this alleged cov
enant has been abrogated.
The resolution Was referred to the
foreign relations committee without
discussion. MEMORIAL SERVICES HELD
Britain Pays National Tribute of
Honor to Cspt. Fryatt.
London, July 10.A national tribute
of honor was paid to the memory of
Captain Charles Fryatt, executed by
the Germans in 1916 for attempting to
ram a U-boat. The body was escorted
by a naval detachment to St Paul's
Cathedral where a memorial service, a
repetition of that in memory of Miss
Edith Cavell, was conducted.
BURLESON DENIES REPORTS
Postmaster General Bays He Has Net
Washington, July 10.Poetmaater
General Burleson declared there was
no foundation for reports that he had
sent his resignation to President
A report was circulated that Mr.
Burleson's resignation was in the
hands of President Wilson.
AIMos tend Austria Three Notes.
Paris, July 11.The Allies sent
three notes to the Austrian govcm
ment dealing With the league of na
tions, the repatriation of Austrian dip
lomats In South America and economic
questions involved in the peace set
Kaiser la Closely-Watched.
London, July 1LSteps have been
taken to prevent the escape of the
former kaiser, Andrew Bonar Law de
clared in tike bowse of
TERMS OF PEACE
Assembly at Weimar Adopts Res
olution Accepting Conditions
VOTE IS 208 TO 115
Foreign Minister Mueller Plaintively
Declares Germany Is About to-En
ter Upon a Forty Years' March
Through a Desert.
Paris, July 11.Herr von Lers
ner, of the German peace delega
tion, has officially notified Colonel
Henry, French liaison officer, that
Germany had ratified the treaty.
Von Lersner also announced that
the German reparations commjs*
sion, numbering 18, would arrive
at once and begin its session in
Versailles. Weimar, July 11.The German na
tional assembly, by a vote of 208 Id
115 adopted the resolution ratifying
the peace treaty. Ninety-nine depu
ties abstained from voting.
The text of the ratification resolu
tion, as introduced in the National as
sembly, consisted of two clauses,,read
ing as follows:
"The Peac Treaty between Germany
and the Allied and associated powers
signed on June 28, 1919, and the pro
tocol bekjaging thereto as well as the
agreement relative to the occupation
of the Rhineland signed the same day,
are agreed to.
"This law comes into force on the
day of Its promulgation."
Blockade Lifting Next Step.
The German assembly, by ratifying
the treaty, makes it possible for the
Allied and Associated powers to raise
the blockade. Official notification was
sent Germany June 29 that the block
ade would be raised when the treaty
Most of the ministers were present
at the meeting of the National As
sembly and there was a full atten
dance of deputies.. Dr. Hermann
Mueller, foreign minister, in introduc
ing the government bills, explained
that the hastening of the ratification
order would bring about the lifting of
"We are about to enter upon a 40
years' march through a desert," he
said. "I can find no other term for
the path of suffering which fulfillment
of the treaty prescribes for us."
Accept Under Compulsion.
Dr Peter Spahn, leader of the
Catholic Center party, waid: "We
agreed to the treat/under "hard com
pulsion, to save ourselves from an*
archy and to preserve the fatherland
from internal ruin."
Heir Kreisig, Socialist Professor
Schuecking, democrat, Dr. Traub, Na
tional party, and Herr Kahl, People's
party, all violently protested the in
justice of the treaty, the impossibility
of its fulfillment and declaring that
the day of Germany's liberation would
These speeches were greeted with
such turbulent applause and handclap,
ping that the president of the As
sembly, Herr Fehrenbach, called at
tention to the fact that handclapping
was against the rules and threatened
to have the galleries cleared. The de
bate, however, proceeded, with similar
speeches by other members and similar
WAR BILL IS 30 BILLIONS
Secretary Glass Says Further Bond
Issues Are Unnecessary.
Washington, July 11.The war cost
the United States 130,177,000,000 up to
Secretary Glass made this estimate
in submitting to the Congressional" Ap
propriation committees the prelimin
ary statements of the Treasury on the
condition of the nation's finances.
Further Issues of bonds, Mr. Glass
said, will not be necessary before the
maturity or redemption of the Victory
Notes, which have four years to run.
KEEPS PRESIDENT AT HOME
Bill In House Would Prevent Him
Washington, July 11.The Presi
dent of the United States would not
be permitted, during bis term of office,
to leave the country to perform .the
duties of his office, except at Wash
ington, under bill introduced by Rep
resentative Campbell of Kansas, chair*
man of the House rules committee.
Czechs In California Camp.
San Diego, Calif., July llA-One thou
sand Czechoslovak soldiers who ar
rived at Camp Kearney last Thursday
from Siberia win leave here the latter
part of this week for Washington en
rente to Newport News, Va., where
they will embark fey France. From
France the soldiers will go by rail to
their home la Boh
French Electoral Reform Bill.
Paris, July 11.The electoral reform
btn with amendments was adopted by
the chamber of deputies. The most
important feature provides for the
election of members off the tense off
deputies by department* Instead off
London, July 1LThe board or
trade has Issued a general license
afjthorisittg the payment off patent and
trade mark registration fees fa enemy
countries or.on behalf off enemy na-
What Lydia E. PinkharoV
Vegetable Compound Did
For Ohio Woman.
irregularities, pains inrayside andwas
so weak at times I
could hardly get
around to do- my
work, and as I had
four in my family
and three boarders
itmade it very hard
for me. Lydta E.
to me. I took it
and it has restored
my health. It is
-certainly the best
medicine for woman's ailments I ever
saw."Mrs. SABA SHAW, R. NO. 1,
Mrs. Shaw proved the merit of this
medicine and wrote this letter in order
that other suffering women may
relief as she did.
Women who are suffering as she wan
should not drag alongfrom day to day
without giving this famous root* and
herb remedy, LydiaE. Pinkbam'sVege
table Compound, trial. For special
advice in regard to such ailments writ*
toLydiaE. PinkhamMedicine Co.,Lynn,
Mass. The result of its forty yearn
experience is at your service.
HOME OF THE WATERMELON
Monticetlo, in Florida, Rightly Claims
to Be World's Greatest Market
for the Seed.
"Jefferson county, Florida, of which
Montlcello Is the founty seat, is the
home of the watermelon seed indus
try of the United States," declares the
Montlcello News. "It could be said
that this Is the home of the industry
for the world, for this county grown
more watermelons for seed purposes
than any other section, and more wa
termelons are grown In North' Amer
ica than anywhere else."
The News gives some figures on the
proposition and no doubt a good max
people Would be surprised to know
that of the ten thousand acres utilized
In the United States for growing wa
termelons for seed, Jefferson county,
Florida, has more than eight thousand
acres busy toward that end. It Is the
only place in the world where an or
der for a carload of watermelon seed
can be filledand such orders are
often filled and the cars go out of
Florida Is a wonderful state. The
balance of the country might be able
to get along without us, but they
wouldn't have nearly as good a time
as they do now.Florida Times-Union.
few Is me Hew Is Get Bid of Tests U|Iy apsis
There's Mlmw tat aUsbteat seed of feclfs*
o* jour frecklei. Othlnedouble
treatteto gaaraataed to remore the** homely
Simply get aa ounce of Othlaedouble
itreagtkfrom your Sraggtet, and apply little,
of It night aad morals* yon should aooa
that are* the wont frecklea hare begun to dis
appear, walla the lighter ones have vaaiahed
ttrely. It la seMoaa that more thaa oae ammo
Is needed to completely clear tho akin sad sal*
a beautiful clear complexion.
Be aura to ash for the double atreagth Othtae.
ae thla is sold under guarantee of money baeg~
If It falle to remoTo freckles.Adr.
"This s^yle." said the polite haber
dasher, lifting a gaudy tie from the
counter, "is very popular this season
It is called the 'Slacker's Delight.'M
"What an odd name?' we cried.
"Why do you call it thatr
"Well, you see," lie explained, "It is
yellow and It runs."Stray Stories.
Slop That Backache!
Those agonizing twinges across the
small of the back, that dull, throbbing
ache, may be your warning of serious
kidney weakness stripes, 3 neglected,
for it might easily lead to gravel, stone
in the kidney, bladder inflammation,
dropsy or fatal Bright't disease. So if
am suffering with a bad back, have
spondent attacks or disordered kidney
action, get after the eat
Kidney Fills, then
been tried out foryou by tl
George Darls, XU
W. Thirteenth St N.,
says: "At times In
tense pains went
through the small of
my bachaad late my
loins decided to
and in a short
time received a per
maat cure of an
those sitmonta, for I
have had no back
ache and my kidneys
hews never shown
any atens of disorder
at I DM S
"WWt TOVn WONKY witheert harass
Am the baa*he: far remraeU. Witt-
a* ahem, established enterprise paylas
the rate ot 24% annuallyC% quarterly.,
wtth Mr possibilities of increase in aaaiha*
also. Fourteenth dividend Check htass
matted. FULL INFORMATION Fr.KB. Act
immediately aad set roar dividend ovary
quarter. Address R. QTLL.TXO ft oo (estaa
Hahed 1911). 1(4 Federal St.. "Boston, Mass
mans and commercial references. We eenc
T arret to: "WHAT THE BANKS BARN.
win ran nomr OF van FCS&JRV
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