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I t\ Labor Must Now Have the Opportunity to Enjoy the Good Things of Life By LORD SHAUGHNESSY, Canadian Pacific Railway I have just returned from England. There the situation of labor is a cause of anxiety. Nominally the problem between labor and employers is a question of hours and rates of pay. To my mind, and it will be so here, there is something beyond that now. It is not only a question of hours and rates of pay, but of the actual status of men who are performing such a large portion of the work of building up indus tries and making themselves as strong an influence as the capitalists and employers. It is a question of what their social status is to be in the future. "We may take it for granted beyond question that the working man of the future, the working man Of today, must be permitted and enabled and assisted, lie and his wife and children, to lead quite a different existence to that of the past. They must not be confined to the narrow, sordid lives that have been theirs hitherto. They must have the opportunity to enjoy the good things of life that those in higher positions have enjoyed. Paternalism Is Sure in Time to Kill Spontaneity of Human Intellect By DR. FRANKLIN H. GIDDINGS, Columbia University The intellectual life can prosper only where liberty of conscience and of thinking are cherished. It has seemed to some among us that of late our American life has drifted too strongly toward paternalism. Possibly this drift has been caused in part by the inconvenience and dangers of social disorder and anarchistic propaganda. But let us not in our war upon these perils forget that, while they may violently destroy, paternalism will inevitably stifle and in time will kill all spontaneity and outrcaching of the human intellect. Americanism then at last comes down to this: We want an Ameri- canism that will produce men and women that are not only self-reliant in the practical sense,'but who also are self-reliant, strong, outreaching, fear- less, creative in the spiritual sense, and such men and women can live and do their part in the world if we have a particular kind of law and a particular kind of liberty, a liberty-making law and a law-abiding liberty. Like the Pilgrims and the Puritans who created our institutions, like the patriots who made us an independent nation, like the men who saved and consolidated our Union, and like the men who now have given their lives to save the whole fabric of civilization, we must continue to make and to safeguard such law and such liberty. ..,,_ Personal Issue to Every American: The United States Constitution By JAMBS M. BECK, Former An't U. & Attorney GUMIBI Unless the present tendency to change the Constitution of the United States by amendment, interpretation or usage is checked by a sound public opinion, it will one day become a noble and splendid ruin like the Par- thenon, but, like the Parthenon, useless for practical purposes and an object of melancholy interest only. Let all patriotic Americans take up the cry: "Save the Constitution!" This nation has spent its treasure like water, and the blood of its gallant youth to make "the world safe for democracy." The task is accom- plished, but in the mighty reaction from the supreme exertions of the war it is now apparent to thoughtful men that a new problem confronts man- kindand that is to make democracy safe for the world. Kaiserism has been haled to the bar of civilization and has been con- victed and sentence of execution pronounced. And now the world is slowly perceiving that democracy is also on trial, charged by its foes with unduly restraining the will of the majority to inflict their will upon the inalienable rights of the individual, and, oy its friends, with inefficiency. In this period of popular fermentation, the end of which no man can predict, the Constitution of the United States, with its fine equilibrium between efficient power and individual liberty, still remains the best hope of the world. If it should perish the cause of true democracy would receive a fatal wound and the best hopes of mankind would be irreparably disappointed. The Braver of Mother Love Knows Not I Age, Race,Creed or Social Degree I By JOHN KENLON, New York Fire Chief 1 Braveryand who are the bravest of the brave? Forsooth how can one say who is the bravest when all firemen are brave? But if one is to talk of the bravery of a woman fighting flames and smoke and falling Tafters and glowing, crumbling walls to rescue her youngah! there is something to talk about! Men are brave, certainly. Bravery from the soldier or the fireman is quite an ordinary thing. It is expected oMiim just as earning a living for his dependents is expected of the head of a family. But a woman will cheerfully wade through all the flames of the seven circles of hell to save her baby the pain of a scorched thumb. She ii capable of looking with dear, understanding eyes into the blaring mouth of certain death and then walking into the flames if she thinks that by so doing there is one chance in a thousand of her protecting her children from death by fire? A man Is, after all, only an ordinary mortal, even when his own aw in danger, but a mother becomes a uperwoman when her Kttle ones art in peril. Hen in such a case is the bravery that will suffer crucifixion, the faggot and the stake with only a smile for the pain. The same spirit is manifested throughout the raosa of tha wflfM. It knows not aft, race, creed or social degree. THE TOMAHAWK, WHITE EARTH, MINN. N TH E IHCU0H *7 FOREST SERVICE UN0ER ATTACK Henry S. Graves Is forester Of the forest service, the bureau of the department of agriculture which con trols the national forests. Bills have been introduced in congress providing for the repeal of the act of 1905 which transferred the national forests from the interior department to the agri cultural department. The national forests were created out of the public domain in 1905, and the forest service was established to apply to them the principles of scientific lumbering and grazing. It was believed that the na tional forests would soon become self supporting. The forest service now gets an appropriation of about $6,000,- 000 a year and its deficit is about $2,000,000 a year. The agricultural department has been waging a campaign to get the control of the national parks trans ferred to It from the interior depart ment. The interior department has evidently counter-attacked. The national forests and the national parks are diametrically opposite in purposethe former being entirely commercial and the latter entirely recreational. Back of the bills to restore the national forests to the interior depart- ment are said to be charges that the forest service 1 developing national forests as-recreational centers, thus shutting out permanent settlers and cur- tailing grazing space. By duplicating legitimate activities of the national park service of the interior department It Is wasting millions. Unofficial national park enthusiasts openly charge that the forest service has secretly* opposed all national park legislation and is the biggest and smoothest-working political machine in the United States. Women must work together, says Mrs. Lloyd George. Her views In clude these points: "During the war it was the wom en, working together, who bound up the wounds of their soldiers who did battle for them. Now we are at peace, but there is still many a. rent to be mended in our social fabric, and war's waste and ravage yet to be repaired. And women must still work together in this labor of reconstruction. "But if we are then to go on and build in the light of the new con ceptions which, learned from war, we are embodying in our peace, then our whole social fabric must be renovated, if not rewoven. "There are immense social prob lems, and for us they can be met suc cessfully only if we bring to bear on them the finest thought of the best minds. Many of these questions are primarily women's questions, and I feel the time has come when women can and should play a larger part In national and International affairs. "Yes, the war has brought our men closer together, and it has brought aur women closer together, too. They have worked shoulder to shoulder in war, and now they must work together In peace. "Peace has her problems no less acute than war. And the gracious tact and sympathy and unfailing loyalty of women are needed to help solve these problems." IS IT MAINTENANCE OR INCOME? Mrs. Howard H. Spaulding, Jr., formerly Miss Catherine Barker, "the $30,000,000 heiress," through her for mer guardian, James B. Forgan, has brought suit against Julius F. Smie tanka, collector of internal revenue in Chicago, for a refund of $4,472.37 paid as income tax and for $10,000 addi tional. The suit dates back to 1916, when the internal revenue office "by duress" collected $4,472.37 from the First Trust and Savings bank, which holds in trust the estate left by her father. Mr. Forgan is seeking the re fund on the ground that Mrs. Spauld ing does not derive an income from her father's estate until she becomes twenty-six years old. The trust fund stipulates, it is as serted that she be paid certain sums as maintenance, and these sums, It is contended, cannot be classed as in come. The Income of the estate, the bill recites, is paid back into the trust fund and becomes a part of the prin- cipal, and is therefore not subject to income tax. The additional $10,000 asked for is for trouble and expense Incurred and to cover costs. Mrs. Spaulding's father was John H. Barker, car manufacture er of Michigan City, Ind. PRINCE AAGE, COUSIN OF ROYALTY HAPPE CITIES tawfftffiSgC WAUKEGANo CHICAGO.One HONOLULU."On 3 Working in the Chicago stock yards has one advantage. The pel son busily engaged in slicing up out pets is sure to have his toll lightened dally by distinguished visitors from all over the world. Take the other day. Who do you think looked on as one pig after another joined his an cestors? None other than his Danish highness, Prince Aage, cousin of the king of Denmark. Royal persons visit this country for different reasons some for po litical purposes, some, perhaps, to re lieve dull care, and a few to keep an eye on the great and growing Indus tries of this free and glorious United States of America. That is why Prince Aage drove up. He and Capt. H. Stymer, in his party, are studying the military and Industrial development during and since the war. So the prince and the captain have skipped lightly over the country on this trip, hesitating only at great industries, such "\mea canners in Chicago. They also visited Great Lakes, but they did not trifle at the BOO nor did they stay dance at the Casino dub. Prom Chicago they went to Detroit and Washington. They have also "stadied" Pittsburgh. DENVER,Miss Wisconsin Now Has a Gretna Green in Waukegan DLL."Do you want to get married?" This is a salutation common the ears of couples strolling along the streets of Waukegan. For Waukegan has come to be the Gretna Green for Wisconsin. hree hun- dred marriages In June Is the record. Competition for business has be come so heated at the Chicago, Mil waukee and North Shore Electric Rail way station that some score of so licitors for the marriage ceremony fre quently come near to fisticuffs over the patronage of a couple that step off the train, J. P.-ward bound. It seems that the justices of the peace, the doctors and the jewelers all contribute a dollar each to the taxlcab drivers and others who bring the cou ples to them. The J. P. unites the pair, the jeweler supplies the ring, and the doctor examines the men from Wisconsin, who fear a conflict with the eugenics law of that state. Waukegan ministers are complaining because the civil authorities are taking away their trade, and Waukegan youths are complaining of being accosted on the street at all times when in company with girls by "agents" of the marriage mart. Meanwhile Wisconsin couples are evading their home state law, which necessitates a five-day notice before marriage. The enterprise of the solicitors may be embarrassing at times, but it is recommended to bashful swains. THIS"??1 DEJT OffWlM WTOWtf Grateful Woman Tips Off Bank Robbers to Police bitterly cold night last February Patrolmen James Cole- man and Peter Vernacchl made this entry in the blotter Of the South Clark street station: ''Found woman in doorway. Hungry and almost frozen. Fed her. Gave her night's lodging." The other night the telephone bell at the South Clark street station rang and a woman's voice asked the desk sergeant: "Is Coleman or Vernacchl there?" She was told that Coleman was on a tour of duty. She reached him after two hours' effort. "Listen," she said "you rescued me from certain death last winter. I promised myself to requite you some timeand I never forget. On June 14 five men tried to hold up the First State bonk at Tolleston, Ind. They didn't get -anything, but they killed Herman W. Uecker, the cashier. I'm going to tell you who they were." She did. And Coleman and Vernacchl, with Patrolman John Lonnon and Lie Michael Hughes of the detective bureau, arrested Lee Spiers, 0035 South Morgan street, and James Harry (Red) Parker of 0515 South Fairfield avenue. They made admissions which led to the arrest of Thomas nnd Albert Batchler, 755 West Seventy-ninth street and Daniel and Nicholas Trkulja of Gary, Ind. All have confessed participation In the attempted bank robbery save Nicholas Trkulja, who had knowledge of it but was not Involved. Batchler admitted he fired the bullet that killed Uecker, when the latter made a motion as If to ring a police alarm. The men fled without obtaining anything. They used Daniel Trkuljn's automobilea stolen flivver. They have also admitted that, when not robbing saloons nnd groceries nnd holding up pedestrians, they engaged In stealing automobiles, specializing In flivvers. These they would deliver to the Trkulja brothers In Gnry, who would sell them. They estimate they stole 20 cars in six months. After the attempted bank holdup Daniel Trkulja, in his role of sympathetic mortician, conveyed the widow of the cashier, Mrs. Herman W. Uecker, and other mourners to the cemetery. Batchler, Parker and Daniel Trkulja were found guilty within 24 hours after confession- and will die in the electric choir. "On That Beach at Waikiki" Romance Never Ceases that beach at Waikiki" romance never censes. The latest spell woven by the magic sands enmeshed Paul Stuart Wlnslow yf Auvergne Lodge,'River Forest, 111., and Miss Ruth Anderson of Honolulu. Wlnslow met her in February. Moon light, palm trees, the beach, nnd the soft strains of Hnwailan music fol lowed. Their engagement is now an nounced. Wlnslow met Miss Anderson while he was the guest of her brother at the Anderson home In Honolulu. Both men were officers In the same air squadron in France. When the war ended the two men, who were very close friends, planned to visit each other. Lieut. Robert Alexander Anderson, the girl's brother, spent a month with Wlnslow at tne letter's home in River Forest. Then they sailed for Hnwali, the beach anrt romance. Wlnslow stayed three months. Three minutes, he said, was long enougn to convince him that he had found the "only girl" there on the beach at Waikiki. Soon he Is coming back to Honolulu to be married. The couple will live In River Forest. -_,*,.. Wlnslow and Anderson were attached to the Fifty-sixth British squadron. Anderson was shot down over the German lines and made prisoner. He es- caped, however, the first American to free himself from a prison camp. Wlns- low is credited offlclnlly with two planes. His brother Is Lieut. Alan Irancla Wlnslow, famous nlrmnn, who lost an arm In a buttle with a Hun plane. Miss Anderson Is the daughter of Dr. and Mrs.'Robert Anderson. Her mother was born In Hawaii. Her grandfather is Alexander Young, famous 08 an American pioneer in Honolulu. She was educated in Honolulu nnd San Francisco. Business and Professional Women Now Organized Lena Phillips, an attorney from New York city, the only honor graduate from the law department of the University of Kentucky '!a that Institution ever had, has been here in the interests of the National Federation for Business and Profes sional Women, of which she Is execu tive secretary. This Is the biggest thing that has ever been launched for the business women of the country," says Miss Phil lips, who started the movement in New York city, where clubs have already federated. "The movement is spread ing nil over the country and behind It are some of our most prominent wom en. The movement was begun last February and has progressed rapidly, covering nenrly the entire country it Is strange that it did not begin before, inasmuch as there are at least 12,000,000 working women in the United States, of which at least half are engaged In business or the professions. There form a large army of women who can work together for the promotion of legl-lntivc measures which will promote women in businessone of the great purposes of the federation. It is our object to bring about a solidarity of feeling among women throughout the country and to gather and give out information relative to vocational opportunities. We will publish a magazine and a series of bulletins which will keep all the women of the United States ta touch with each otLer, thus broadening their visions." "As a federation, we ask equal opportunities with the men and equal pay. Vrc do not ask for the privileges of women and the rights of men." Miss Philllpa, who has traveled In all the larger cities from coast to coast, was antenoded to tod women engaged in occupations which are ordinarily flirt far men.