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Justice and Fair Dealing for every Indian who desires to become a good Citizen. THE TOMAHAWK. Official Organ of the Minnesota Chippewas. 6US H. BEAULIEU, Founder. Edited by THE TOMAHAWK PUB. CO, White Earth Agency, Minnesota. SUBSCRIPTION S1.50 PER TEA I ADURCl Entered at the Postofflce at White Earth, Minn., as mail matter or the Indians Receive United States Citizenship. 5,000 In Oklahoma Recelie Retard for Sendee of Race In War. In recognition of the Indians' war services more than 5,000 In dian wards of the government liv ing in Oklahoma are released from all government restrictions to take their places as independent citizens under an order issued recently by Commissioner of Indian Affairs Cato Sells. The order provides that all members of the so called Five Civilized Tribes of-Indians more than 21 years of age and not mentally deficient shall be removed from all supervision by the Fed eral government and that their possessions hefcl by the govern ment shall be delivered to them. The order affects the Cherokees, Creeks, Seminoles, Choctaws and Chickaaaws, representing a com-, bined population of about 100,000- Indians. Many of tbem have al ready won complete citizenship, and more than 5,000 are directly affected by the order, Mr. Sells says.Ex. We have always advocated citi zenship for all Indians in the Unit ed States, more so, since the beginning and duration of the war. We know that every tribe of In dians in the United States was represented in the world war, and we hope that Mr. Sells will deal with all such Indians the same as he proposes to do with the Indians of the Five Civilized Tribes. The Gbippewa Indians of the .State of Minnesota have always been regarded on a par with the most civilized and progressive In dians of the United States, and they are rightfully entitled to the same blessings of citizenery as is proposed to give the Oklahoma Indians. Mr. Sells cannot now afford to hold in bondage over 1500 Indians of the State of Min nesota, who are not citizens, he should insist that they too must become citizens, receive their al lotments of land and be removed from further minute government supervision. He should further insist that all the 12,000 Indians of the State of Minnesota receive the same consideration as is pro posed to give the Oklahoma In dians, namely a full and complete settlement with regard to their possessions. Just what does the word citizen ship mean? Let us go to the dictionary for trie primary meaning of the term. The Standard Dictionary says, 'The status of a citizen with its rights and privileges." Who is a citizen? "One owing allegiance to, and entitled to pro- THE tection from a government op posed to alien." The Indian occupies a peculiar, an anomalous position, politically he is an alien, geographically be is not. From what we know of him he has lived from time out of mind in this country, (here we have in mind only the North American Indian), therefore locally he ha& no other country. It all amounts to this, that through military and economic conquest the Caucasian has reduced him to the status of subject, so that in that part of the globe which according to his tradi tion was given to him by the creator of the upiverse, he lives here only tolerance. Subjec tion may have had its excuse in the middle ages and near past periods, though this we won't ad mit, under the doctrine of the eternity of liberty, but granting for the sake of argument that the ethics of past ages were suited to their times, all this has disappear ed under the spirit of modern days. Under an irresistable law of evolution more and more is perceived the equality of man politically, and the right -of eco nomic freedon. By world-wide thought this has been emphasized in the words "self-determination," a situation which is part of President Wil son's fourteen points and which is ideal, and yet in practicality has been accepted the world over and made the basis of real democracy. And yet, this country committed as it is to democracy and the prin ciple of self-determination, has signally failed to be consistent Unlike some European people who are striving for absolute antomony on geographic and ethnic lines, the North American Indian's cry is for inclusion in the mass politic, -in other words he asks for American citizenship for protection by the country of his individual rights, and those prop erty rights belonging to him as a member of a tribe while yet the tribe was under paternalistic care He asks us for the right to appear in court on his own initiative, with out waiting for special jurisdic tional acts by Congress. The Mille Lac case is in point, he obtained justice here by special permission of Congress but it took him years to get this permission to go before the Court of Claims, and the "vexed delays of law" created extra cost in the securing of a judgement. The Chippewas viewed as a corporation might have fared better than they finally did. And then the Indian soldier felt that he had a right to exclaim if he fell upon the battle field (as many did), "It is sweet to Jie for ones country," the right to en tertain the patriotic joy of a citizen. The North American Indian boys19,000 of themno -doubt felt the sense of American ism because they live in the United States and know no other country. They felt a patriotism lorn from associations and took pride in it. This country took pride in the valor and. res|onsiveness of its "wards" but bow pitiful that it could not say, Oh, my sons, my sons. Gerard, in the Minnapolis Jour nal, praises the American Indian Cnd the important part he played in the great world war, and he ex presses his wonder in the words, "And here is the strange part of it, our beneficent laws deny to many Indians even the right of citizenship. Thus the Indians fought for Old Glory, but not for their country, because they havent any." LJ this country, the best on the MHHHilK' Vol. XVII. White Earth, Becker County, Minnesota, Thursday, August 21, 1919. Bill Unjust Is i r OFFICIAL ORGAN O TISE MINNESOTA CHIPPEWAS. Truth before Favor." =535 face of the earth, going to continue in passivity by witholding econom ic and political rights, by indiffer ence to the altrnistic love of the land and its social machinery which the Indian entertains in spite of all adverse things. GIVE EVERY INDIAN CITI- ZENSHIP. tn Indians,d.Generalthe Charge. Apache Leader Attacks "Rider" Prodd ing For Mining Land Leases, Says Appropriation Will Never Reach Red Men. Chicago, III."The latest In dian appropriation bill just passed by Congress calling for $15,000\- 000, is but one more injustice to the American Indians," declared Dr. Carlos Montezbma, a full blooded Apache, a leader of the Society of American Indians, to a representative of the Christian Science Monitor. "The injustice of this bill lies in the rider at tached, which authorizes the Sec retary of the Interior to lease for mining purposes 30,000,000 acres of Indian lands. "This bill was passed without the consent of the Indians," said Dr. Montezuma, "and without the knowledge of the Indian Bureau, which is the Indians' avowed guardian. Was the Indian Bureau on the watch? Well, had thety been, this bill would not have passed Congress so quickly. "As for the $15,000,000 so called reimbursement appropria tion, the Indians have little hope of seeing any of it. Last winter an emergency bill was put through Congress for $25,000 to feed and clothe starving Indians. Less than $9 of this actually reached the starving Indians. This is typical, and this latest one will go the same way. "What the government should do is to let the Indians become citizens and take care of them selves. The Indian has no voice. He automatically nods "Yes," as he has been taught to do for the past 50 years by the government. The Indian, confined in reserva tions which are little more than prison camps, is shut off from contact with modern progress and civilization, and is being ruined by idleness and having everything done for him, without his consent, by the government. "In the past two years the In dian has kept silent about his wrongs because of his patriotism he did not want to make trouble for this country while it was fighting injustice in Europe. "Stealing from the Indian is just as great today as ever. The people of the United States would not permit it to go on if they knew, but the press does not give them the facts. Now that its agitation would no longer hinder the country at war, the Society of American Indians is going to do everything it can to bring before the American people these wrongs so that they may be corrected. "The Indian should be made a citizen, so that he may lease his own lands if he wants to, and not have everything done for him." Dr. Montezuma is an editor of the American Indian Magazine and publishes a monthly paper of his own called Wassaja, bis Indian name, meaning Signal.Christian Science Monitor. Subscribe for THK TOMAHAWK and get all the reservation news. 1.50 per year in advance. Returred Soldiers For State Fair Employment. Some time ago Mr. Theo. H. Beaulieu of this village took up the matter of employment of returned Chippewa soldier boys with the Manager and Superinten ent of Minnesota State Fair and the results, so far, have ex ceeded the expectations of the promoter. In a letter to Mr. Beaulieu the SecretaryGeneral Manager, Mr. Thomas Caufield, a former Lake Park, Becker county resident, states as to the matter of engaging soldiers and sailors: "That is what we have done for the past six months. Wo expect to give them the preference for some time in the future," etc. And Mr. Frank E Millard, superintendent of the admission department, states: "As I remember the figures the State of Minnesota furnished about 198,000 men fr the army and if distributed the patronage of the Fair in proportion it would give your Chippewa boys about one-half of one man, I will, how ever, try to do better than that by them and use as many as 1 can, probably three or four, possibly half a dozen." And it is probable that some of our boys will find place in the police department of the State Fair. The matter of employment in this department has been taken up with Mr. James 11. Hickey, supervisor of the police department, as also Major Hart, superintendent of the latter de partment. The broad, favorable consider- White Earth, ation and democratic liberality manifested by several of the State Fair Board as also by Governor J. A. A. Burnquist, in the matter of employing returned Chippewa sol dier boys in the State Fair service, is worthy of far more than passing comment. It is another striking example that the Minnesota Chip pewa's patient efforts toward pro gressive civilization their persis tent strife to shake off the depress ing restricted existence as wards. of the Government "their stable utility as law abiding citizens, and last but not least their spontaneous loyal response to the country's call for men and money, voluntarily on their part, has found a warm response of appreciation in the Nation's heart and gratitude. We venture the prediction that if some of our White Earth boys should find employment in the State Fair service that they will acquit.themselves with the samo commendable credit which marked their distinguished valor and brav ery in the terrific onslaught of the Mouse-Argonne-Bois de Fays and other like sanguinary offensives and when the Central powers of Europe were striving for world dominance against the allied forces of humanity and world democracy. When Visiting Fargo EAT AT MRS. CLARA RAKER'S Lunch Room 527 BROADWAY. Junt 4 doors north of Ford Building. Fargo, N. D. When you want the best In Groceries, Dry Goods, Winter Clothing, Footwear, etc., call on us. We're right here every day in the year (except Sunday) to supply you* with any and everything you may need in THE BEST AND PUREST GROCERIES IN THE MARKET. The B. L. Fairbanks Company, MiNNJ&cr -l HISTOfc, Published in behalf of, and to secure the welfare of the Indians of the United States. No. 18. There la more Catarrh hi this section of, the country than all olher diseases put together, and until the last few years was supposed to" be Incurable. For- a focalt :rea many years doctors pronounced It a disease and prescribed local reme dies, and by constantly failing to cur* with local treatment, pronounced it incur able. Science has proven Catarrh to be a constitutional disease, and therefore re quires constitutional treatment. Hall* Catarrh Cure, manufactured by r. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo, Ohio, is the only Constitutional cure on the market. It W taken Internally. It acts directly on the blood and mucous surfaces of the system. They offer one hundred dollars for any case It fails to cure. Send for circular* and tesUmonials. Address: F. J. CHENEY ft CO., Toledo, O. Sold by Drug-Rista. 76c. Take Hall's Family rills for constipation. The Society Of AMERICAN IN MAN si A NATIONAL OUGANIZATION OF AMBUMJANS Orgmmltcamt Ohio Slmte University.'. ArttlL, 1911. MEMBERSHIP ActiveIncluding Magazine, $2 annually. Junior ActiveIndians under 21 years of age. Including Maga zine, $1.50 annually. Without Magazine, 50c annually. Application for membership should be made to the Secretary-Treasur er, Society of Amoncan Indians, 707 20th Street, Washington, D. C. Information regarding the Society will be cheerfully furnish ed upon inquiry to the Secretary Treasurer, Washington, D. C. Dr. CHARLES EASTMAN, President, Amherst, Mass. Read THK TOMAHAWK, 52 issue $1.50. Hinnesota.