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11 I HE National Parks association Is ^V^ I something "new under the sun." I I despite the dictum of the adage. I It Is organized by unofficial JL I friends of the national parks to enter a field of the national "ark movement which It Is not the function of the federal gov ernment to occupy. This na tional park movement is the livest cause which is not primarily a cause grow ing out of the great war. Our entrance into war in 1917 caused temporary postponement of the plans then well under way for the organization of this association. In its place the National Parks Educational committee was formed to hold the ground already gained and to organize the asso ciation at a propitious time. The committee has done its work and the National Parks association is now doing business, with headquarters in the Union Trust building, Washington, D. C. The purpose of the association is splendidly patriotic. Wholly Independent of the federal gov ernment, it will closely co-operate with the na tional park service, the new bureau of the depart ment of the interior established by congress to administer the national parks. It is nonpolltical and one of its purposes is to keep politics out of the national parks. It stands for the outdoor life, for recreation amid scenic beauty for "See America First for the development of the national parks as great economic assets of the nation for keeping bil lions of American dollars at homebefore the war something like $500,000,000 a year was spent by American tourists abroad in sightseeing, of which Switzerland alone got more than $200,000,- 000. Yet, notwithstanding these many activities, the main purpose of the association is educational. It says to the people of the nation who are to use these public playgrounds: "Do you know that our national parks are na ture's great laboratories and museumsthat the splendid spectacles which our national parks present are not only 'wonders,' not merely 'scenery,' but also the conspicuous exhibits of a passing stage in the eternal progress of creation that they show us, upon a mighty scale, the proc esses by which she has been and is making Amer icathat you may double your pleasure in these spectacles by comprehending their meaning and that an intelligent study of them win introduce you to a new and wonderful world? Let us know America, and let us really know it, Let us know its natural as well as its national history. Let us differentiate and distinguish and appreciate. Then only shall we know." The purposes of the National Parks association may therefore be concisely summed np thus: To interpret the natural sciences which are illus trated in the scenic features, flora and fauna of the national parks and monuments, and circulate popular information concerning them in text and picture. To' encourage the popular study of the history, exploration, tradition and folk lore of the national parks and monuments. To encourage art with national parks subjects, and the literature of national parks travel, wild life'and wilderness living and the Interpretation of scenery. To encourage the extension of the national parks system to represent by consistently great examples the full range of American scenery, flora and fauna, yet confined to areas of significance so ex traordinary that they shall make the name na tional park an American trademark la the compe tition for the world's travel and the development of-the national monuments into a system Illustra tive of the range of prehistoric civilization, early exploration and history, land forma, American forest type, wild life, etc To enlist the personal services of individuals and die co-operation of societies, organizations, schools, universities, and institutions In the cause of the national parks and monuments. The National Parks Educational committee con sisted of 25 members. Charles D. Walcott, secre tary of the Smithsonian institution, was chairman. The vice chairman was William Kent, former Congressman from California and the donor of Huir Woods National monument -to the nation. Henry B. I". Macfartaad of Washington was chair- man of the executive committee and the secretary was R. S. Yard of the national parks service. Among the outdoor men were Belmore Browne, explorer, author and artist Henry O. Bryant, ex plorer and president of the Geographical society of Philadelphia William E. Colby, president of the Sierra club George Bird Grlnnell of the Boone and Crockett club and Glacier National park pio neer George D. Pratt, president of the Camp Fire club, and*Charles Sheldon, explorer, hunter and author. The American Game Protective and Propagation association and the American Bison society were represented by their presidents, John B. Burnham and Edmund Seymour. George F. Kunz, president of the American Scenic and Historic Preservation society, was a member. The colleges contributed W. W. Atwood, department of physiography at Harvard President John H. Finley of the Uni versity of the State of New York E. M. Lehnerts, department of geology of the University of Min nesota and a pioneer in national parks classes. Others well known were Arthur E. Bestor, presi dent of the Chautauqua Institution Dr. J. Walter Fewkes, chief of the bureau of American ethnol ogy LaVerne W. Noyes, president of the board of trustees of the Chicago Academy of Sclencea, and Mrs. John Dickinson Sherman, conservation chairman of the General Federation of Women's clubs (the only woman). This personnel assures the co-operation of many public-spirited organizations, popular and learned, from the beginning. The officers of the associa tion are: President, Henry B. F. Macfarland of Washington, D. C. Vice presidents, Nicholas Mur ray Butler, president of Columbia university John Mason Clarke, chairman of geology and pale ontology, National Academy of Sciences William Kent of California Henry Suzzallo, presi dent of the University of the state of Washington. Treasurer, Charles J. Bell, president of the Amer ican Security and Trust company of Washington. Executive secretary, B. S. Yard. Chairman ways and means committee, Huston Thompson. Congress conceives the national parks as con crete possessions of the people. As such, it pro vides for the protection, maintenance and develop ment of the parks. What use the people will make of them is for the people to determine. Here, then, is where the National Parks associa tion finds its work. It is, in effect, an organiza tion of the people themselves to enable them to use effectively the magnificent reservations which congress creates and the national parks service maintains and develops. It will be seen that, while the functions of the governmental bureau and the popular association do not overlap, they are nevertheless intimately associated. In a practical way the two are'part ners, each with its Individual duties, both working toward a common end. To emphasize this Individuality, the National Parks association Is entirely separate and distinct from government. The association is nongovern mental and nonpartisan. The association purposes to be of use to its members. It will, among ether things, Issue a series of beautifully .and usefully illustrated popular-science papers upon the scenery and the wild life of the national parks and monuments issue bulletins reporting national parks develop ment, state and other movements affecting na tional parks, progress of significant hfUs befors congress, and the progress of association activi ties place members* names oa bureau lists to re government publications concerning aa- THE TOMAHAWK, WHITE EARTH. MINN tlonal parks and popular science keep members Informed concerning new books on American travel, exploration, archaeological research, plant and animal life, and the meaning of scenery refer travel and route inquiries vfrom members to that governmental or other agency, railroad, or auto mobile association, which will give each inquiry the kind of attention it needs. The association has prepared an elaborate plan of popularizing natural science through universities and schools, public libraries, writers and lecturers and artists, and motion picture activities. A fea ture of its work will be the assembling of material by intensively studying the parks, through com mittees, separately and as a system, especially their history, nomenclature, folklore, geology, fauna and flora by collecting this material in ready reference shape as the basis of a practical library by compiling a working bibliograph, by park and subject, of material of every sort avail able especially in the library of congress and the scientific libraries of the government departments. The association will establish volunteer working committees of scientists, professors, students and other public-spirited members, and will utilize, as far as possible, the machinery already established and In operation by university and school organi zations, state and county educational organiza tions, state park organizations, scientific Institu tions, the national government, public-spirited or ganizations of nil sorts, automobile and highway associations, business organizations, like railroads, automobile manufacturers and national parks con cessioners, whose business will be helped by the work of the National Parks association. The executive committee Is assured of one sub scription of $5,000 it Is planned to secure five year pledges amounting to a minimum of $10,000 a year. It also expects at least 3,000 members at $3 a year. The association already reports results. The University of the City of New York has prepared sets of national parks lantern slides. The Uni versity of Minnesota has been sending study classes to the national parks for two years Chi cago sends one to Rocky Mountain National park this summer and Columbia will send one next year. Columbia has also included a lecture course on the meaning of scenery in this season's sum mer school. A prominent studio has arranged film stories to show how glaciers work on Mount Rainier, how the Grand canyon was cut how water carved the Yosemite valley, etc. If well handled, the National Parks association, with a large membership, may do a great work It has a large field and a great opportunity. It may even succeed In forcing congress to adopt a consistent park policy. About 500,000 people now visit the national parks every year and the Increase promises to be very large. There is, therefore, a body of national parka enthusiasts numbering several millions. While the association Is organized on a nonpo lltical basis. It will presumably have to go Into politics to accomplish Its ends, since the agricul tural department is waging a campaign to secure the control of the national parks from the interior department and is setting up the national forests and the forest service as scenic and recreation rivals of the national parks and the national parks service. Also, in its plans to increase the national parks system It will encounter both the open and secret opposition of the forest service, the biggest and smoothest running political machine la the United States. tr-[ MjXiilll Jilted by the Girl He Saved From Firing Squad BOSTON, MASS.Miss Gertrude Barlsh, Simmons college girl, is being sued for $10,000 in the Suffolk superior court for alleged breach of promise by Leonard A. Swarthe, draughtsman in the signal corps, Northeastern depart ment. Swarthe says he saved the gla from imminent death at the hands of a Russian firing squad, paid her pas sage to the United States and loaned her $1,700 to pay her living expenses and tuition at Simmons college, only to have her jilt him for a handsomer man. He wants the $1,700 back and also $10,000 for a broken heart. The plaintiff says they met in Rus sia about a year ago. The girl had got Into trouble with the authorities because of her political views and was sentenced to be shot. Swarthe, falling in love at first sight, rescued her, hid her and with her came to America. During the escape he asserts they planned to be married, but decided to delay the ceremony until they saved some money. This decision made, Swarthe claims he loaned Miss Barlsh $1,700 and she began her studies at Simmons college. He called on her at intervals, but at length noted that her attitude toward him was different from what it had been during the dismal Journey across the Atlantic. He asserts that she became enamored of another man. Finally, he says. In the presence of the third member of ti Is eternal tri- angle, she told him that she loved the other man, and that the engagement between herself and Swarthe was broken. /AH'YOU LOVE ffc MOREVI AU. IVE DONE? Seattle Woman "Hoboes" to New York on a Wager N EW YORK.Mrs. J. M. Franklin of Seattle hoboed her way here from that city in 28 days at a cost of $23 on a wager of $2,000. She and Miss Eva Wilcott bet they could get to New York for one-third of the railroad fare. Miss Wilcott quit at Ogden. Utah. "I have won the wager fairly and c ME* squarelyand I shall give the. money ***/&- 11 HOP E tt to the American Red Cross," said Mrs. Franklin. "I agreed that I would not ride on any trains that I would not ask for a ride on any vehicle, nor would I accept any proffered ride un til I had been Invited twice, and that I would not accept food or lodgings for which I did not work or pay. Also I had to report to the chamber of com merce in every city through which I passed. Altogether I walked but 432 miles. I don't think there is any make of automobile that I have not had a ride In. I rode In hay wagons, In limou- sines, in flivvers, trucks, milk wagons, one-horse shays, and motorcycles. And every blessed 'lift' I had was accepted after the second invitation. "In places where a dear, motherly soul would refuse payment for a night's lodging, I paid my way by chopping wood or wnshing dishes or milking cows, or doing any odd chores about the house." Mrs. Franklin's khaki uniform of breeches, blouse, and jacket and her high tan boots show the strain of the journey considerably more than she does. She Is twenty-eight years old and wears her hair bobbed. "I couldn't bother fussing with it," she explained. "All I carried was my 18-pound camping out* fit and a change of linen." Goose That Laid the Golden Egg Outclassed Here A CROSSE, WIS.Here is the egg-laying record of a three-year-old White Rock hen owned by Gus Rhodes, a farmer near West Salem. On May 3 she laid four eggs May 4, three May 5, four May 6, five May 7, six May 8, four May 0, three. She laid no more eggs until May 20, when she started on a new series with five and then the record ran: May 21, none May 22, six May 27, nine May 28, eleven May 29, ten May 30, four teen May 31, fourteen June 1, one June 2, sixteen June 3, eleven June 4, one. Now this hen had picked out a nest in a manger in the barn to which no other hen had access and she re- fused to lay any other place. She would wait for Mr. Rhodes to come home and unlock the barn at noon so she could sneak into her chosen refuge and carry on her magic unmolested. When her wonderful performances were reported neighbors were skeptical and when the reports were carried to expert poultrymen In distant cities they, too, refused to believe them, so J. H. Benson of LaCrosse was appointed to go to the Rhodes farm and make obser- vations. He remained two days and watched the hen closely. On the second day he saw her with his own eyes lay thirteen eggs in four hours out of a total of sixteen laid by her during the day. He went before the county judge and made affidavit to the fact and it is on record for any doubting Thomas to see. Mr. Rhodes also made afildavit that be watched the hen while she laid three or four eggs at a sitting. The eggs laid by this hen are not freak eggs in any way. A number of them were set and found fertile. If the progeny of this hen should run true to type they will pot the egg trust out of business in a few years. Not Assembled According to the Orthodox Method HICAGO.The anatomical tribulations of H. W. Matthias are something enormous. Back in the seventies Mr. Matthias was not assembled accord- ing to orthodox plan. No one knew exactly just what the matter was. The ambitions M. D.s of Goodnow, where Matthias dwelt amid his progeny, /*"*\10UR HfAJtl) looked him over at several dollars per inspection and shook their heads. Then It occurred to some one that he might have appendicitis. So he came to Chicago Heights, where a medic explored in the usual vicinity of the "worm" and drew forth an alleged appendix. Mr. Matthias felt no better. "Try Doctor Waterman up at the Hotel Sherman," suggested a sympa thetic friend after several years had passed. They tell me he's considerable anatomical sleuth." Matthias packed his grip, kissed his wife and children, and locomotived ts Chicago. There Doctor Waterman gave him the professional stare and felt him over. Then he applied an Inquiring ear upon the left sector of his che*& "Your heart's stopped." he gasped, reaching for the pulmotor. "No, hasn't, either. Here it is, over on your right side." An X-ray examination followed, with the discovery that the Hver was also en the wrong side and the colon piled up in a knet^on the right Moreover, his spleen wss out of place and his lungs transposed. The patient was iaken to the American hospital, 850 Irving Park boulevard, and Dr. Max Thorek made the second trip In search of that elusive appendix. He found It this time, way over on,the left side of Mr. Matthias* person. "What did they get on that first operation when they thought they had] your appendixI* the patient was asked, happened.