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F0R0R0UTHFARMER North Dakota League Congress man Urges $5,000,000 Appropriation. FEED AND SEED ARE NEEDED Crop Failures in Several Large Sec tions Threaten Next Year's Farm Production Unless Special Aid -v Is Provided. Washington, D. C.Special aid to farmers who have suffered from drouth during the present crop season is planned In a bill Intro* duced by Congressman J. H. Sin clair, the new Nonpartisan league member from North Oakota. The new farmer congressman would have the federal govern ment appropriate the sum of $5,- 000,000 to advance feed and seed to farmers who have lost their crops and other feeds through drouth conditions. Montana, parts of Wyoming, and western North Dakota have suffered heavily, and there arc drouth sections in sev eral other states. Principal opposition to the measures comes from the machine republicans who are anxious to make a showing of so-called economy for political pur poses. For this reason the bill was referred to the Deficiency committee Instead of the Agricultural committee where it really belongs. Not a New Principle. The present drouth conditions are not nearly so serious as those in 1917 when Congressman John M. Baer made his fight for aid to the amount of $50,000,000, but they are serious enough to demand attention if con gress wants to keep up agricultural production and thus keep down the cost of living. Baer succeeded in get ting his principle recognized in spite of opposition from the Secretary of Agriculture and an appropriation of one-tenth of the sum asked. Western North Dakota has compar atively little need of. the federal aid because the farmers' government there already has relief machinery at work, but the other states have nothing. The state owned bank of North Da kota has placed as much of its public funds as possible with the banks in the drouth areas. It is ready to dis count loans made to farmers so that banks will not have to refuse loans from lack of funds. Also the state two years ago empowered counties to bond themselves for feed and seed loans to needy farmers. Full Text of Bill. The full text of the Sinclair bill reads as follows: "Be it enacted by the senate and house of representatives of the Unit sd States of America, in congress as sembled, that the secretary of agri culture is hereby authorized, for the crop of 1920. to make advances of loans to farmers and stockmen in the drouth-stricken areas of the United States, where he shall find special need for such assistance exists, for the purchase of wheat, oats and bar ley for seed purposes, and of feed for livestock, or, when necessary, to pro cure such feed and seed and sell same to such farmers. "Such advances, loans or sales shall be made upon such terms and condi tions and subject to such regulations as the secretary of agriculture shall prescribe, including an agreement by each farmer to use the seed and feed thus obtained by him for the produc tion of grain. A first lien on the crop to be produced from seed obtained through a loan, advance or sale made under this section shall, in the dis cretion of the secretary of agriculture, be deemed sufficient security therefor. "The total amount of such advances, loans or sales to any one farmer or stockman shall not exceed the sum of 1500. All such advances or loans shall be made through such agencies as the secretary of agriculture shall desig nate. For carrying out the purposes of this section there is hereby appro priated, out of any moneys in the treasury not otherwise appropriated, the sum of $5,000,000, available im mediately." Republicans Split on Big Issue. The action of 40 republicans in bolt ing the plan laid by party leaders to discredit the secretary of war, has all the appearance of a big political shake-up and a real split between atandpat and progressive congress men. The bolters were not interested particularly in aiding the democratic secretary, but they were anxious to see a workable plan devised for sell ing the great stores of army foods to the people. When Congressman Kelly of Pennsylvania, an independent, pre sented t!ke bill for sale through the post office department, the 40 repub licans voted for it with the democrats. It is significant too that nearly all the "40 are men who owe little or, no allegiance to the republican machine. Close observers expect similar splits on issues between the dominant ma chine and the people. final N. D. Results. Official returns from the special North Dakota election on June 26 show that Hie farmers' new industrial legis lation carried 42 counties oat of 53. *!1 revr-n of tho laws referred by the anticarrier interests in the hope of securing their defeat, passed by ma jorities ranging from 6,814 to 13,256 NOTHING TO SEPARATE. PACKERS TO LOSE BI6 PAPER GRAFT Senate Passes Bill to Compel Net Weight Dealings in Meats. KENY0N WINS BATTLE Iowa Senator Submits Figures Show ing Profit of 400 Per Cent on Wrapping and StringMeans 2 to 3 Cents a Pound. Washington, D. C.A profit of $5,000,000 a year is to be lopped off the annual earnings of the Big Five packers, according to present Indi .tions in congress. This profit, representing a net gain of 400 per cent, is made by selling brown paper at the market price for ham, bacon and other meat products. It Is estimated that the plan now before congress will mean a reduction of 2 to 4 cents a pound to the consumer. The. agricultural appropriation bill which recently passed the sen ate, carried a ''rider" amendment which provided that "wrapped meat enclosed in paper" shall be construed as a "package" and so be brought undsr ths pure food act of 1913. That mssns that the packers will be forced to stsmp the net weight of ths meat exclu sive of the wrapping en the out side of each package sf bacon, ham and other meat products and can not charge meat prices for meat, paper and string. What this means to the packers Is shown by the following figures, pre pared by an expert and quoted by Senator Kenyon when the bill was be fore the senate. 400 Per Cent Profit. "There are about 45,000,000 wrapped hams and pieces of bacon that receive government inspection yearly," he said. "The average weight of the wrappings of each of these packages is six ounces or three-eighths of a pound. "With a paper cost of 8 cents a pound, the wrappings on each of these packages costs the packer 3 cents. "The average selling price for the paper (at the price per pound of the meat within] is 16 cents, or a gain of 13 cents per package. Cost to packers of paper, 45,000,000 packages at 3 cents 11,350,000 Packers' selling price of same paper at 16 cents a pound 7,200,000 Gross gain for packers.... $5,850,000 Less wrapping expenses, freight and overhead $ 450,000 Net gain $5,400,000 "This gain of $5,400,000 on cost of the paper is Just 400 per cent, all of which is passed on to the consumer. la addition to this the packers prob ably clean up another $1,000,000 on perk loin paper which costs them around 4 cents and sells for 36 cents." Packer Defense Fails. The packers have been doing this for years, and when protests were made, were permitted to continue the graft by a ruling of the chemistry bu reau of the department of agriculture. When the agricultural bill with the "package" rider reached the senate there was pretty contest. Senator Smoot of Utah rose and moved to strike out the rider. '1 wish it distinctly understood," he said, "that I am not here speaking for the packers. I am speaking for the consumers of meat who already i have to pay such enormous prices for hams and bacon." Senator Sherman of Illinois backed up Smoot in a long speech and things THE TOMAHAWK. WHITE EARTH. MINN. SOLDIERS HAVE STRONG PROGRAM The "World War Veterans," an association of soldiers, sailors and marines which in many sections is getting members more rapidly than the American legion of more aristocratic origin, has announced the following program*. 1. We demand that the United States government shall at once enact legislation to provide em ployment on public work for all demobilized soldiers, sailors and marines. We demand a fair op portunity, for employment for all at a fair living wage. We oppose the exploitation of patriotism and loyalty by any group of people for their selfish interests. We do not want to be used as scabs in case of a labor strike, nor do we want to be used as a lever to force down the wages of other citizens. Nor do we in tend to starve or beg. Uncle Sam and all his nephews have been blessed with an inex haustible supply of natural re sources and there is ample oppor tunity for all to work if the gov ernment will only let down the bars of monopoly and privilege. 2. We demand that Congress should at once take the necessary action to review all the court mar tial cases, and to relieve all the military prisoners and return all fines of those soldiers, sailors and marines who were court martialed by incompetent officers tor lnsig nificant and petty infraction of military regulations. 3. We request that the soldiers insurance be so changed as to en able the beneficiary to receive a lump sum Instead of small pay ments. 4. We demand government ac tion to put a stop to unjust prof iteering, and to bring about lm mediate reduction of the high cost of living. 5. We are opposed to universal military training. 6. To tide over the change from military to civilian life we ask Congress to appropriate from $300 to $500 to be paid to each honorably discharged service man. We re-affirm the Declaration of Independence, and the Constitu tioa sf tl United States of Amer lea, rust the re-establishment of the rights of free speech,' free press and freedom of assembly, guaranteed by that Constitution. seemed going very well for the pack ers when suddenly Senator Kenyon of Iowa arose and remarked: "Mr. President, as I introduced this amendment in the committee, I want to say Just a word against its assas sination by the senator from Utah and the senator from Illinois." Kenyon then handed out the facts previously quoted. They exploded like a bomb under Senators Smoot and Sherman, and the "rider" was passed by the United States senate. The Wisdom of Armour. Armour and Company have issued a beautiful booklet under the title of "The Livestock Producer and Ar- mour," which Is supposed to make a psychological- hit with the public at the present psychological moment as the advertising experts would say. In it Armour informs his dear brother in the livestock business, that is the fanner, that "It costs no more to raise a 1,200-pound wellbred steer than a 600-pound scrub." This is about as near the truth as an Armour state ment of profits given to the public by means of beautifully constructed ad vertising. Too bad Armour doesn't try raising his own wellbred steers on scrub steer rations. We now discover that the Shantung 'agreement is not a violation of our promise to protect the rights of small nations. The population of Shantung peninsula is about 40,000,000 or nearly that of England itself or that of Japan. "BAYER CROSS" ON GENUINE ASPIRIN "Bayer Tablets of Aspirin" to be genuine must be marker' with the safety "Bayer Cross." Always buy an unbroken Bayer package which con tains proper directions to safely re lieve Headache, Toothache, Earache, Neuralgia, Colds and pain. Handy tin boxes of 12 tablets cost but a few cents at drug storeslarger packages also. Aspirin is the trade mark of Bayer Manufacture of Monoacetlc* acidester of Salicyllcacid.Adv. Newfoundland's Memorial Day. Newfoundland celebrated July 1 thla year, but not as Canada does. It was observed throughout the Island as Me morial day, in honor of those who laid down their lives during the war. Next year it is proposed to hold the com memoration earlier in the season. AS YOUNG AS YOUR KIDNEYS _The secret of youth is ELIMINA- TION Or POISONS from your body. This done, you can live to be a hundred and enjoy the good things of life with as much "pep" as you did when in the ssriagtime of youth. Keep your body in good condition, that's the secret. Watch the kidneys. They filter and purify the Hood, all of which blood passes through them once every three minutes. Keep them dean and in proper working condition and you have nothing to fear. Drive the poisonous wastes and deadly uric add accumula tions from your system. Tske GOLD MEDAL Haarlem Oil Capsules and you win always be in good condition. You wfll feel strong and vigorous, with steady nerves snd elastic muidei. COLD MEDAL Haarlem Oil Capsules are imported direct from the labora tories at Haarlem. Holland. They are a reliable remedy which his been used by the sturdy Dutch for over 200 /ears, and has helped them to develop fhto one of the strongest Semnearthiest id races of the world. Get from your druggist Do not take a substitute. In sealed packages three sixes.Adv. No Way to Beat the Game. There is no way to dodge the high cost of living. Once we thought there was. It was a fine plan and we determined to try it out Meat was too expensive. So we would quit eating meat. Therefore we ordered cabbage nnd asparagus and spinach and beets. Im mediately the price of vegetables went up. We found you couldn't fool the food man. He has a sure system. The price is high on whatever you want to buy. You can switch from one dish to another as often as you choose, but the littl old price tag will beat you to It. One Drawback. Washington is a colored man and he follows the profession of cleaning up back yards. Also he was the first man to think of wrapping a horse's fore legs with fly paper, keeping the flies off their legs and catching Mr. Fly at the same time. One of the women he was working for said to him: "Washington, your fly paper is a success. I see that by the great number of flies there are on the paper." "Yes! Yes!" said Washington, "but once in a while that horse gets his legs too close together and they stick apd I has to pull 'em apart for him." Fltty-Fifty. First YeggMoney is plentiful. Second YeggSo is cops so what's de use? How superior an old codger with eight hairs on his head looks at a bald-headed man. Choice bits of veal, creamery butter and fresh eggs combine with other tempting ingredients to give Libby's Veal Loaf its delicate, appetizing flavor. Order a package from your grocer today. Libby, M?Neffl & Libby, Chicago DUEL INDEFINITELY PUT OFF How Wisconsin Congressman Turned Challenge to Deadly Combat Into Matter of Ridicule. The story of the Potter-Pryor duel, the famous challenge of Civil war times whereby a Wisconsin congress man by ridicule put dueling in disre pute, recalled by the death of one of the participants, Is told in interesting style in the June number of the Wis consin Magazine of History, quarterly publication of the State Historical so ciety. Roger A. Pryor, the Virginia con gressman who figured In the episode, died a few months ago in New York city. It was he upon whom John Fox Potter of East Troy, Walworth county, then representative of the First con gressional district of Wisconsin, dur ing April, 1860, brought nation-wide ridicule In answer to a challenge ton duel. Congressman Potter offered to fight with bowle knives at a distance of four feet, but Pryor refused because they were "so demuitlon vulgar." Most of Mr. Potter's bowle knives, Including the one he purchased for the duel and others sent to him after the affair, are now on exhibit in the State Historical museum, Madison. Parchmented Leather Valuable. Parchmented leather has greater strength while lacking the elasticity of tanned leather, and the'belting of M. Felice Gilardiri of Turin Is designed to combine these special qualities. The hide being Impressed deeply with a trelllswork pattern, the compressed portions are unaffected by tanning agents, while the Interior of the meshes Is tanned in the usual way. The product'has the required elasticity and is claimed to be BO strong that belts may be much narrower than the ordinary. Verdict Against House Cat The department of agriculture has pronounced the house cat an enemy to mankind and has recommended Its extermination. It expresses the opin ion that the cat destroys more wild birds and young poultry than all their natural enemies combined, that it does not even keep the rats away, that It spreads disease, that it does much harm and little good. As a substitute for horsehair In up holstery the waste from cleaning Ba hama sisal fiber Is being used. The expected moy happen unex pectedly. 25 Cents will buy a big package of POSTUM CEREAL weighing over a pound, net What are you paying for coffee 81am at the Gentle Sex. "If dor was any sho'-'miff beautiful mermaids," said Uncle Eben, "a lot o* human ladles would git jealous an' drown delrse'fs tryin* to imitate 'em* Cutlcura Soothes Baby Rashes. That Itch and burn with hot baths of Cutlcura Soap followed by gentle anointings of Cutlcufa Ointment Nothing better, purer, sweeter, espe cially if a little of the fragrant Cutl cura Talcum is dusted on at the fltt* lsh. 25c each everywhere.Adv. Golf Bugs. His father had taken him out te the golf course. That evening he seemed to be HI nt ease. "Willie," said his mother, "what Is the matter with you? I wish you'd stop scratching yourself." "I don't know what's the matter, but I guess I must have got some of those golf bugs on me," was Willie's reply. Agreed With the Doctor. Mr. Griflln had spent an anxious aft ernoon at the oflicc anil hurried home ut nn unusually early hour. "How do you feel, dear? What did the doctor say?" he asked his wife. "Oh, he asked me to put out my tongue," she murmured. "Yes?" "And after looking at It he saidI 'Overworked Mr. Griflln heaved an audible sigh of relief. "I have perfect faith In that doctor," he sold firmly. "You will have to give It a rest." Exit Dishtowels. No more sticky plates and no more dishes dried on dishtowels. These are two of the things foe which the Y. M. O. A. training schools for home assistants Is standing. The school was started In answer to the demand for home assistants on the new domestic service plan which have come Into the central branch employ* raent bureau. Within the last six months 600 calls for home assistants have come In, and 170 have been sue* fully filled. "There should never be a sticky, plate after the home assistant has fin ished the course," Miss Grace H. White, placement secretary, says. "The girls are taught how to make their own soda preparation for cleansing the Ice box, the kitchen closets, etc., and how to clean a sink and a kitchen range so that It shines. "Dishes arc never dried with a dish towel, but always scalded and allowed to dry without a streak*."