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Reactionary Move in Montana
and Nebraska Buried by Petitions. MACHINES SAW 1920 ROUT Politician* Succeed in Going Back ta Party Convention Only In Idaho Attempt Made In Nearly Every League State. St. Paul, Minn.Two of the biggest victories for the cause of popular government have juat been won by the Nonpartisan league fn Nebraska and Montana. In both states the referendum has been Invoked successfully against laws enacted by the legis lature to repeal the direct primary. Aa the result of the referendum action, the repeal laws will not go Into effect, but will be brought before the people of the two states for vote at the next general elec tion, In November, 1920. There la no doubt that the repeal lawa will be beaten and the primary preserved when the people have a chance to expresa their wishes. In nearly every state in which the league la organized, attempts were made, at the 1919 legislative sessions, to repeal the direct primary laws. The professional politicians feared that the farmers would gain control la their states, as they had In North Da* kota. In most of the states League mem* bers of the legislature successfully resisted these repeal bills. In three states, howeverIdaho, Montana and Nebraska-the repeal bills war* passed. Petitions Circulated. In Idaho it is Impossible to Invoke the referendum. Nebraska and Mon tana both have the referendum, how ever, aad campaigns for signatures were at enee started in both of these states. Nebraska was the first state to go "over the top" with the required num ber of signatures. In that state it was necessary ta get 22,000 signers to pre vent the repeal law from going into effect Mere than 800 volunteer cir culators of petitions got to work, at the request of the Nebraska state committee. They left their own work, day after day, to circulate petitions to "save the primary." One volun teer, P. O. Mlchelsen, of Friend, Neb., got- 360 signatures alone. The 800 volunteers, combined, got 24,004 signa tures, 2,t#e more than* enough to save the law. The petitions have been filed and counted by the Nebraska secretary of state and accepted as sufficient to prevent the repeal law from going Into effect. How valuable the work of the League has been In Nebraska is shown by the fast that two other organiza tions attempted to refer other laws passed by the last session of the legis lature. In neither case did the sec retary of state accept these petitions. The spirit of the League farmers car ried their movement through to suc cess, where others failed. Montana farmers were up against a more stringent referendum law than that of Nebraska. The Montana law provides that in a majority of the counties of the state the signers must number more than 15 per cent of the voters. The last legislature created a number of new counties, so that it was necessary for the League to so* cure 15 per cent of the voters in 2 counties. Trick Falls In Montana. The Montana repeal act carried a provision for a referendum, cunning ly planned by the legislators to be held in September of this year, when the farmers would be busy with the harvest. It was therefore necessary to secure the signatures before the date set for this special election, in stead of taking the full time allowed otherwise by law. After signatures, amounting to more than 15 per cent, had been secured in a number of counties, the county offi cials refined to accept the petitions. It waa necessary for the League to appeal to the attorney general of the state for a ruling requiring the county officials to accept filing. Petitions were actually circulated in 47 of Che 50 counties of tie state. "Save the Primary" became the slo gan of the League farmers and of or* gahlsed labor. Placards In red, white and blue, bearing these words, ap peared on the windshields of automo biles throughout Montana. The campaign has met 'even a greater success than that In Nebraska. As this is written 30 counties, Instead of the SI required, have so far sub mitted petitions signed by more than 15 per cent of the voters. Petitiona so tar counted show 33,187 signatures, 7,000 more than required. The special election planned for September has been officially called off and the pri mary repeal bill will come before the voters of Montana at the general elec tion of November, 1930, at which time, with a fair vote, it is certain that It will be defeated. Idaho la the only western state in which a law repealing the direct 'pri mary has gone into effect and the fanners and organized workers of that state are confident that despite this handicap they will be able to elect men to the next legislature who will repeal this obnoxious statute and re store the pihmsry law. FACING THE ZERO HOUR. Raid on Farm Products Planned to Protect Profiteers From Storm. QUACK REMEDY A MENACE Farm Prices Below Cost of Production Would Lower Production Next Year and Thua Increase Coat of Living Problem. Washington, D. C.A powerful effort backed by all those great interests anxloua to escape the present storm against the high cost of living, is being made to put the burden of any remedy on the western farmer. The lobbyists for the interests at the eapltol declare that the remedy lies In holding the farmer's wheat down to the minimum, for they say corn, meats and other food products will decline in sym pathy. Little consideration evi dently Is being given aa to wheth er this so-called remedy Is fair to the farmer or whether it will really aolve any problem, for the chief consideration is to weather the temporary storm. Farm representatives point out that wheat lost Its supposed relation to other prices when the government fixed the price in September, 1917. For many years before that time wheat sold on the average for double the price of corn and about 10 times the price of cotton. But for the last two years, wheat has been far under this ratio. On August 1, of this year corn was quoted on the Minneapolis ex change at $1.98 and cotton around 34 cents a pound in New York. These figures, therefore, would warrant a wheat price of |3.40 to $3.84 whereas the very best new wheat is bringing only $2.95 and the bulk of the wheat ta moving at figures very close to the minimum. During 1917 and 1918 even rye at times went over the price of wheat. Price Is Below Cost The farmers also point out that the price set for wheat in September, 1917, was below the cost of produc tion for over half the wheat farmers. Commissioner of Agriculture Hagan, of North Dakota, put the cost at $26.- 56 per acre for that state and the bushel cost as ranging from $2.43 to over $3, depending on the number of bushels per acre harvested. Other testimony at the time from wheat raisers and agricultural experts showed similar figures except that of the department of agriculture which got lower costs by leaving out the acreage which the wheat farmer nor mally has to abandon during the crop year and also the cost of necessary fallowing in some wheat states. Prac tically every item of cost in growing wheat is higher for 1919 than it was for 1917. Such being the ease the farmer rep resentatives point out that the allure to give the fanners any market price obtainable over the minimum would result In impoverishing them still fur ther and in a cutting down of produc tion next year which would make our cost of living problem far worse than It Is now. Flour Runs Wild. Two months ago Director Barnes of the Government Grain Corporation found that the middlemen were re sorting to wild profiteering in flour, and he waa able at that time to lower flour prices somewhat by threatening to sen flour he had bought for, export at $11.60 a barrel. He could have made a good profit for the government at this figure, which was about $2.00 under the market range. At the pres ent time patent new Is priced at THE TOMAHAWK. WHITE EARTH, MINN. 75 to $13 on the lowest jobbing mar ket in the country, that at Minne apolis. Studies made recently by E. H. Rehnke of the Minnesota Appeal Board would show that the Minne apolia millers could pay $2.56 for theh wheat, which is more than the aver age price now and sell the flour at a profit for $10.80 at the mill doors. Chairman Colver of the Federal Trade commission and many other ex perts hold to the view that the solu tion lies in eliminating the profiteering and waste of middlemen and In stimu lating production of mine, factory and farm, but these experts get little at tention from a political congress. NONPARTISAN LEAGUE AND COST OF LIVING ________ Leader* Point Out That Farmer Pro gram Would Have Prevented Problem. St. Paul, Minn.Relative to the high cost of living Nonpartisan League lead ers point oyt that the whole nation is at last awakened to a problem to which the League farmers were giving ear nest attention before we entered the war. With the declaration of war the League announced a program to pre vent war profiteering. Not only was this program, to which the whole coun try is now coming, ignored by govern ment officials but the League waa,faced with disloyalty charges and mob vio lence because of it This program demanded conscription of large incomes and as much sur plus wealth as we needed to meet the cost of the war and thus prevent Infla tion of currency. Instead the govern ment has floated huge bond issues and certificates of indebtedness which nat urally reduced the purchasing power of the dollar and stimulated profiteer ing. As a complementary measure to pro tect the dollar the League urged reor ganization of marketing so that pro duction could be stimulated. Even with the bond issues greatly increased production would have kept prices down. But the government allowed those who manipulate markets for big profits to keep control of production. The facts now ahow that the great war profits were secured by hold-up prices for the same or smaller pro duction. These methods are being continued by the huge trusts built up through war experience to peace time business, and the League holds that the only re lief for the people lies in abolishing these trusts and the stimulating of fundamental production as called for by its program. The Cost of War. From the time our constitution was adopted to 1917 the total cost of our government was 2Q billion dollars. In the two war years, 1917 and 1918, we spent 25 billion not counting doubtful loans to Allies and investments In ships at* munition plants adapted to peace time use. The congress that passed out on March 4, 1919, had ap propriated 52 billions of dollars. Washington reports now bring out that the government guaranteed rail road dividends such as the following during the war: Pennsylvania railroad 8.98 New York Central 12.95 Delaware, Lackawanna and Western 32.90 Philadelphia and Reading 25.70 Illinois Central 11.33 Chicago, Burlington Qufncy.. 22.05 The national convention of the brotherhood of railroad firemen and engineinen has gone on record in fa vor of municipal markets and cold storage houses. Buying by European governments here for their whole people emphasizes the fact that the old market methods should be put in the discard. A few war aims lost somewhere be tween Washington and Paris bar* not yet has Lift off Corns! Doesn't hurt a bit and Freezono costs only a few cents. With yourfingersI Yon can lift off any hard corn, soft corn, or corn be tween the toes, snd the hard skin cal luses from bottom of feet. A tiny bottle of "Freezone" costs little at any drug store apply a few drops upon the corn or callus. In stantly it stops hurting, then shortly yon lift that bothersome corn or callus right off, root and all, without one bit of pain or soreness. Truly! No hum bug I-Adv. He Did but He Didn't. Carl Eisenschimel, one of the police department's handwriting experts, was on the witness stand, and the attorney for the defendant was more or less deeply interested in proving that as a handwriting expert Eisenschimel was a mighty fine bricklayer. "Now, Eisenschimel," he asked, "have you ever made a mistake?" Tes, I have," the witness replied. Ah," the attorney snapped. "Tell us when you made a mistake." "I never made one," said the hand writing expert, "but I don't like to bear a man say he's Infallible. So put it down on the recordEisenschimel once made a mistake. But I never made one let that be clear."San Francisco Chronicle. China'a Trade Growing. The exportation of vegetable oils long used in China as a cheap and sat isfactory substitute for meat fats has become a great industry. The export of eggs Is opening anew market to the farmer and householder. Nearly $15,- 000,000 (gold) worth of fresh, frozen and preserved eggs found their way last year from the farms and villages of China to the bakeries and homes of the United States and Europe. In spite of Inadequate shipping facilities, high freights, Internal dissension, mili tary restrictions and unfavorable ex change, China's foreign trade in 1917 was the highest on record, reaching a total value of more than $1,000,000,000 gold. Cutlcura 8oap for the Complexion. Nothing better than- Cutlcura Soap dally and Ointment now and then as needed to make the complexion clear, scalp clean and hands soft and white. Add to this the fascinating, fragrant Cutlcura Talcum and you have the Cutlcura Toilet Trio.Adv. For Sale, One Obeliak. The obelisk at Oldbrldge, near Grog aeda, which was erected in 1736 to mark the spot where King William's troops crossed the river at the battle of the Boyne, Is for sale. Worse Than Lobster and Cream. Speaking of foods that disagree, the following Is taken from an English menu: "Special today. Boiled Rahbl and Pork." When the last hypocrite dies his sa* tanlc majesty will not have a faithful servant on earth. The more a man doesn't know the rss he doubts. Canto 5 5 5 Valuable Recipe. The schoolmaster had the boys out for a "hike," and stopping near a cer tain tree he said: "Boys, when I was a young lad I stood on this spot and threw a silver dollar to that lnrge rock there." There was a short silence and then Sammle spoke up: "Aw, you couldn't do It now." "Yes, I could," said the teacher. "In fact, I believe I could even throw It farther." "Say, teacher," said Sammle eager ly, "will you please come home with me an' show my mother that trick?" "There is no trick what do you mean?" asked the puzzled teacher. "Why, mother Is always sayln' that she'd give a lot to know how to make a dollar go as far as It used to," ex plained Sammle.Philadelphia Ameri can. The Way of I "In the passage of the fleet through the Panama canal they had to key ex pectation up, didn't they?" '1 suppose they did to negotiate the locks." Once In a while a woman actually believes that her husband knows as much as he thinks he does. It takes a woman to conceal what fihe does not know. Proof that SomeWomen go Avoid Operations Mrs. Etta Dorioo, of Ogdensburg, Wit* tmyst "I suffered from femala troubles which caused piercing paint Uke knife through my back and side. I finally lost all my atrenffth so I had to go to bed. The doctor advised an operation lratTwould not listen to It I ttought of what,1 hadi read aljput Lydla E. Pinkham'e Vegetable Compound and tried It The first btttle brought great relief and six bottles have entirely cured me. 2 women who hare female trouble of any kind should try Lydla S. Plnkham'i Vegetable Compound." How Mrs. Boyd Avoided an Operation. Canton. Ohio.*1 suffered from a female double which caused me much suffering, and two doctors decided that I wooJk^re to go through an operation before I eould ^liTsaothiT. who hadbeen *&&&! han/sVegetableComiwund.advisedmototrybe- for* submittingto an^ration. It wj^ed mafrom /I my troubles/sol can do my OOUM wprk wittout any 4 dlfleulty. I advise any woman who Is afflictedwitt wih/ SinmbS-toadraLyil RPtakham'sVaga 1 Oomso difleulty I adrls any woman who is afflicted femalstimbtatogiTeLydmE.Pl]ikJutm'syega*iV tSeOompound atrial and it will do as much fortlm/ Mrs. UMJUM Born, 1421 6th fit, H. B* Canton, Ohio. Every SickWoma S IYDIAE.PINKHAMS VEGETABLE Before Submitting a package before the war a package during the war a package NOW THE FLAVOR LASTS SO DOES THE PRICE! It is human nature to want to abuse someone occasionally. Silence sometimes gives consent and sometimes it gives offense. EatLessandTake Bifro-Phosphate To W on Flesh A PHYSICIAN'S ADVICE. Frederick S*. Kolle, M. Editor of New York Physicians' "Who's Who." says that weak, nervous people who want Increased weight, strength and nerve force, should take a 6-xraln tablet of Bltro-Phosphate just before or during each meal. This particular phosphate Is the die eovery of a famous French scientist, and reports of remarkable results from Its use have recently appeared in many medical Journals. ,M If you do not feel well If you tire easily do not sleep well, or are too thlsi go to any good druggist and get enough Bltro-Phosphate for a two weeks' sup ply-It costs only fifty cents a week. Eat loss chew your food thoroughly, and If at the end of a few weeks you do not feel stronger and better than you have for months If your nerves are not steadier If you do not sleep better and have more vim. endurance and vitality-, your money will be returned, and the Bltro-Phosphate will cost you nothing. W. N. U., Minneapolis, No. 36-1t1t. ttWAt^oiKHAH moicwtc co. trans,MAI*.