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Monroe and Hay Doctrines Practically
Identical in Their Principles 6 7 Representative JULIUS KAHN of California The United States during its comparatively brief history has formulated two distinct fundamental for eign policies. One is known as the Monroe doctrine the other, the Hay doctrine. In principle the two doc trines are practically identical. One refers to the coun tries of Central and South America, the other to China. The Monroe doctrine was intended to protect the Latin American states against European aggression. It was never intended to obstruct cr to regulate the commerce or social relations between the republics on the western hemisphere and the countries of Europe and Asia. As a matter of fact the European countries in many instances have developed a much more extensive trade with Latin America than has our own country. Under the Monroe doctrine our citizens are not given any superior cr preferential position in regard to the commerce of the financial and social relations of the nations of the western hemisphere. The Hay doctrine was intended to prevent injustice to China. It attempted to preserve the territorial integrity of the Chinese empire and secure the maintenance of the principle of equal commercial opportunity for all nations that might desire to secure trade in China. The latter prin- ciple became known to the world as the policy of the "open door." There was never any attempt either in the Monroe doctrine or the Hay doctrine to secure special privileges for ourselves in the countries of Latin America or China. On the contrary, we as a nation have always intended that all maritime countries should enjoy commercial, financial and industrial rights, opportunities and privileges in the countries included in the Monroe doctrine and the Hay doctrine. Doughboys Have Learned Benefits of Athletics Must be Shared by All By J. A. PIPAL, A. E. F. Athletic Coach The first effect of war on athletics was registered when our military examiner discovered that from 33 to 50 per cent of the recruits were found wanting in the physical test set for them by Uncle Sam. Fortunately for us, however, we have learned that the fault was not with our methods of physical education and athletics but in the lack of an organization and a system that would bring our athletic methods into more general use. The result of Uncle Sam's "athletics for all" program was that our doughboy caught the spirit of play and vigorous competition and entered into the athletic contests and recreational games with thorough enjoy- ment. He developed from a slab-sided, stoop-shouldered, hollow-chested and meager or flabby-muscled youth into a vigorous, well-set-up, well- developed, self-respecting young man "raring to go." And when this young man did go over the top he did it in such a masterly way that the European world is still marveling at his adapt- ability. And the interesting thing about it is that our allies so generally attrib- ute a large share of our military success as fighters to our athletic pro- gram that several of them have already asked for our experts to introduce American games and athletic methods into their armies and also their school systems. This history-making athlete, having in mind the benefits he derived from his athletic opportunity while in the army, will demand the same opportunity in civilian life, and especially for his progeny. Thus the after effects of war on athletics will be a strenuous demand for a system and an organization in our schools, colleges, industrial cen- ters and communities in general that will make it possible for the benefits of recreational and competitive athletics to be shared by all. Everything Should Be Regarded From Viewpoint of Children's Welfare By MRS. FRANK R. LILLIE, Chicago I cannot hide the fact that the Crane family is getting every year encrmous sums of money from the labor of others without anything like commensurate returns to society for it. There is no good act or generous deed of any member of the Crane family that at all will or should invali- date this conviction. I have no dogma to impose upon society, but I see that children are injured by modern industrial conditions, which have molded the lives of us all. In my opinion everything should be regarded from the point of view of our children's welfare, for upon them depends the entire future of the state. If a thing is good for them it is good, and if it is bad for them it is bad. But society doesn't take this attitude. Instead of looking at the world from the child's point of view we take the point of view of business. Edu- cation, politics, industrial conditions, housingin all these matters busi- ness comes first and our children come second. It is business which dictates, and after it has made the rules we try as well as we can to adapt the welfare of our children to them. But the day will arrive when, if a method or project is good for business but bad for the children it will be rejected. That is one of the reasons why I favor the strike of the employees of the Crane company. They want a shorter workday. If they get it the father will be able to spend more time at home with his children. The father's influence upon his children is just as important as that of the mother. If the father is prevented from spending a certain amount of time with his children there is something definite lacking in their rearing. Senator Thomas of ColoradoIt may be possible to reach the goal of uniformity in the conditions of labor, but I question if that can be done otherwise than by making the standard of the lowest and leveling down to it If this be so, then strict uniformity in world labor conditions can be attained only at the expense of the American wage earner. His supe- rior skill, intelligence, productive capacity and opportunities can trail him but little. THE TOMAHAWK, WHITE EAHTH, MINN. The Fashion Show, which is more jorrectly called a style promenade, }s an established institution now. Gar ments for all the seasons, spring, summer, autumn and winter make their debut at these promenades, when practiced and keen eyes pass upon their merits and the acid tests of the buyers send them on their way to successor relegate them to oblivion. New fabrics, new silhouettes, new style features have their tryouts at these promenades and the questions, as to what Is to be presented to the public, are settled by those who seem to have an intuition In the matter of coming fashions. Two striking garments that chal lenged comparisons at a recent style promenade in New York, are shown above. They invite attention to new style features that have made a suc cess and have an assured future, Wool velvet, which goes by several names, with fur for trimming, is the fabric used In them and their lines indicate what Is acceptable to Ameri can women. At the left of the plctufe there Is a handsome top coat In a very dark gray with cross-bars In white, which is a new adventure in velvet coatings. A photograph cannot convey the smartness and Rich and Warm forWinter richness of this material, but 11 sets forth plainly the style of the luxurious and practical garment. It has a wide muffler collar and deep cuffs of caracul fur and a narrow belt of the velvet that buttons at the sides in the most nonchalant manner. Aside from the interest that centers in the novelty of the material used in this coat, the wide, bias band of the goods which appears to be but toned around the front of it about eight inches above the bottom, seized the attention of spectators and was credited with being a fine bit of cleverness In designing. ""Paris took kindly to tailored suits this season and has furnished us with models that have a distinctly French flavor. They are less plain and less simple than the usual American crea tions and certain of our own design ers have adopted the French Ideas. But Paris decreed the very short skirt and America rejected It, and for once Paris changed Its decree. We agree on longer skirts and two-third length coats and have a fine example of these features in the velvet suit shown at the right of the picture. It Is at least reminiscent of the Russian blouse, having all the verve and style of that persistent inspiration. Fine Feathers Are Back The powers that be in the world of millinery have made a league in fa vor of feathers for trimming winter hats. Having decided that the mid winter hat should be characteristic of the midwinter season and bear lit tle resemblance to Its predecessors for fall, the designers have evidently set tled on feathers as the great feature of the styles. Ostrich has come back and endless wings, cockades and fancy.feathers are fluttering across the millinery horizon. Ostrich, curled and uncurled, reap pears to such advantage that we all wonder how fashion could ever have banished it. Yet it was absent for several seasons. Soft quills and long sprays of artificial aigrettes sweep and swirl about brims. There is a great vogue for shaggy, ragged ef fects, with coque feathers and burnt goose in turbulent, unsymmetrlcal ar rangement about brims and -crowns. Then there are single long feathers and the most brilliant and precise wings to contradict what seems the careless placing of the scraggy feath ers. It will take a season to tell all tfie story of feathers. Most sure of welcome from many quarters are the beautifully made wings and mourures like those shown in two of the hats pictured above Besides these there are some small shapes entirely covered with feathers and among them appear turbans in which groups of tiny wings spring out about the hat like small bouquets of feathers. The hat at the center of the group has a narrow drooping brim covered with shirred velvet and a coronet of the same across the front. A pair of wings Joined by a breast make an ef fective ornament set in behind the velvet coronet and sweeping In grace ful lines backward. The feather band, terminating in wings, in the hat be low, Is used on velvet or feather cov ered turbans. In this case the turban Is covered with small, soft feathers and the wing at the left side Is con siderably larger than that at the right These hats, made of or trim med with rich feathers, placed In many eccentric ways, are suited to matrons and mature women. For young women and girts the tarn of velvet shown at the left of the picture has a place in all representa tive displays of millinery. CHICAGO.Asample BOISE, $KWE$^Jfr BALTIMORE.Humanbob To See What Her Own Death Notice Looked Like nature may not have changed in all the ages, but some queer people up nowadays. Katharine McPhail of Baltimore would get the Maryland record for queerness, probably, If it came to a vote in the state. Inserting, or causing to have inserted, notice of her own death in an afternoon paper Just to see how it looked in print and to find out the actual number of friends who cared for her, Katharine, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. James McPhail, 2511 St Paul street Baltimore, caused her parents considerable worry. Katha rine Inserted the following advertise ment in an afternoon paper: '"McPhailOn August 18, 1910, Katharine, aged nineteen years, be- loved daughter of Mr. and Mrs. James L. McPhail. Funeral at her parents' residence, 2511 St Paul street, on Wednesday afternoon at 2 p. m." Miss McPhail then left for Clifton Park and went in bathing. Relatives and friends lost no time hi calling up the McPhail home. An aunt of the girl, Mrs. Oliver F. Byan of Baspeburg, who read the notice hastened to the McPhail residence, believing her niece had actually died. Mrs. Byan told of having considered a floral design to be sent to the McPhail residence, and also of writing to La Crescent, Minn., to an uncle of the girl. Neighbors were startled by the announcement and made inquiries, only to learn that the whole affair was a jokeor at least was so considered by the girt Passing of Two Pioneers Shows How Young We Are BLOOMINGTONanILL.Thesurvivinof death Lafayette and Jacob Funk, sons of Iaiac Funk, oldest members of one of the most noted pioneer farming families in the history of Illinois, within three hours of each, other, serves to emphasize how young Is this nation. In the lifetime of these two men Illinois has had its develop ment and Chicago has grown from nothing. Their father came to Illinois In 1S24 and settled at Funk's Grove, where he became the .owner of 25,000 acres. Isaac Funk reared eight sons, all of whom attained success In agri culture, In business, and in politics. In September, 1915, Lafayette and Jacob Funk, traveling by motorcar, made a historic trip from Bloomlngton to Chicago, following so far as possible an old trail over which 70 years before they had driven cattle and hogs to the old Bull's Head stock yards, located at West Madison street and Ogden avenue. In the outskirts of the great city which they had known as a frontier village they found well-remembered landmarks. When Lafayette and Jacob Funk visited Chicago in the early days it took them nearly two weeks to make the Journey over the old trail, riding in farm wagons behind plodding ox teams. They had a fund of interesting reminis- cences concerning pioneer times in Illinois. As growers of seeds and Immense crops of corn the fame of the Funks of Illinois spread to all parts of the United States. They also were noted as raisers of prize herds of cattle. Overall Salesman "Strikes It Rich" With a Club How Dr. Frank Billings Got His Bearskin Rug IDAHO.Guests at the home of Dr. Frank Billings hi Chicago this winter will be escorted In state to the library. "What d'ye think of that for a fine specimen?" the host will ask. The company, properly impressed, will gaze on a shaggy cinnamon bear skin, the fangs gleaming savagely in the firelight "Some bear!" they'll say. Then politeness will prompt them to ask the doctor how he bagged It "Shot the old fellow out In Idahofrom the front seat of an auto," Doctor Billings will chuckle. "Want to hearthe story?* The story will be something like this: A. S. Trude, a noted Chicago |awyer, has a ranch at Rea. He was entertaining a party of very prominent Chicagoans, including Doctor Billings, C. K. G. Billings and Roger Sullivan. They were out motoring and were not loaded for bear. Doctor Billings car- ried a shotgun in case any small game, such as grouse, appeared. Suddenly a big cinnamon bear Jumped from the sagebrush Into the road Just ahead of the car. Doctor Billings was in the front seat He blazed away at bruin. This is the way Mr. Trude tells the rest of It: "At first the bear gained on us, though we tore along as fast as the chauffeur could make the car go, but after a while we gamed on the bear, and the doctor fired a full charge Into his neck, Just back of the head. This caused it to fall and roll partly over, but it recovered and resumed its Journey, bear fashion, down the trail, with the auto at full speed in pursuit Jumping over badger holes and ruts and with the doctor getting in a shot as often aa he could. "I sat In the rear seat hanging on and yelling to the doctor to soak him again, which he did by landing a full charge of shot Just back of bruia'a shoulder." Some stales have laws forbidding shooting game on highways and from automobiles. Evidently Idaho is not one of these states. ^0.-o few weeks ago the futtir* of Robert Wachman seemed circum- scribed by lots of blue denim overalls. It was by selling overalls that he had eked out a modest livelihood for his wife and family at 4439 South Michigan avenue. But today his busi ness is to evade interested capitalists and wealthy mining engineers who would make him their guest at ban quets, dinners and theater parties. And he prays for deliverance from his, newly mobilized army of "friends, who seek to express their admiration of him by many artless methods. For Robert Wachman has "struck it rich." He is a potential millionaire, owner of a mining claim that is ex pected to prove one of the richest on the North American continent Wachman decided a few weeks ago that a complete rest and vacation was just what he needed. He had staked out a little patch of land near Dryden, Ont, a year or so ago. Gust Larson, a veteran prospector of the region, had recommended the claim. -And, more to make a home for Gust than for any other reason, he had purchased a strip of 160 acres. While scratching around in the rugged hillsides that abound in his claim, Wachman and his friend Gust happened on a rusty spur of quartz Jutting up from the ground. Striking the protruding Jet of ore with a club, glittering particles of gold were found In the fragments of quartz. Quick work with a pick and shovel soon revealed a ledge of gold ore that is ten feet deep and graduates from a width of 12 inches at the top to 30 inches at its lowest depth.