Monroe and Hay Doctrines Practically
Identical in Their Principles
6 7 Representative JULIUS KAHN of California
The United States during its comparatively brief
history has formulated two distinct fundamental for
eign policies. One is known as the Monroe doctrine
the other, the Hay doctrine. In principle the two doc
trines are practically identical. One refers to the coun
tries of Central and South America, the other to China.
The Monroe doctrine was intended to protect the
Latin American states against European aggression.
It was never intended to obstruct cr to regulate the
commerce or social relations between the republics on
the western hemisphere and the countries of Europe
and Asia. As a matter of fact the European countries in many instances
have developed a much more extensive trade with Latin America than has
our own country.
Under the Monroe doctrine our citizens are not given any superior
cr preferential position in regard to the commerce of the financial and
social relations of the nations of the western hemisphere.
The Hay doctrine was intended to prevent injustice to China. It
attempted to preserve the territorial integrity of the Chinese empire and
secure the maintenance of the principle of equal commercial opportunity
for all nations that might desire to secure trade in China. The latter prin-
ciple became known to the world as the policy of the "open door."
There was never any attempt either in the Monroe doctrine or the
Hay doctrine to secure special privileges for ourselves in the countries of
Latin America or China. On the contrary, we as a nation have always
intended that all maritime countries should enjoy commercial, financial
and industrial rights, opportunities and privileges in the countries
included in the Monroe doctrine and the Hay doctrine.
Doughboys Have Learned Benefits of
Athletics Must be Shared by All
By J. A. PIPAL, A. E. F. Athletic Coach
The first effect of war on athletics was registered when our military
examiner discovered that from 33 to 50 per cent of the recruits were
found wanting in the physical test set for them by Uncle Sam.
Fortunately for us, however, we have learned that the fault was not
with our methods of physical education and athletics but in the lack of
an organization and a system that would bring our athletic methods into
more general use.
The result of Uncle Sam's "athletics for all" program was that our
doughboy caught the spirit of play and vigorous competition and entered
into the athletic contests and recreational games with thorough enjoy-
ment. He developed from a slab-sided, stoop-shouldered, hollow-chested
and meager or flabby-muscled youth into a vigorous, well-set-up, well-
developed, self-respecting young man "raring to go."
And when this young man did go over the top he did it in such a
masterly way that the European world is still marveling at his adapt-
And the interesting thing about it is that our allies so generally attrib-
ute a large share of our military success as fighters to our athletic pro-
gram that several of them have already asked for our experts to introduce
American games and athletic methods into their armies and also their
This history-making athlete, having in mind the benefits he derived
from his athletic opportunity while in the army, will demand the same
opportunity in civilian life, and especially for his progeny.
Thus the after effects of war on athletics will be a strenuous demand
for a system and an organization in our schools, colleges, industrial cen-
ters and communities in general that will make it possible for the benefits
of recreational and competitive athletics to be shared by all.
Everything Should Be Regarded From
Viewpoint of Children's Welfare
By MRS. FRANK R. LILLIE, Chicago
I cannot hide the fact that the Crane family is getting every year
encrmous sums of money from the labor of others without anything like
commensurate returns to society for it. There is no good act or generous
deed of any member of the Crane family that at all will or should invali-
date this conviction.
I have no dogma to impose upon society, but I see that children are
injured by modern industrial conditions, which have molded the lives
of us all.
In my opinion everything should be regarded from the point of view
of our children's welfare, for upon them depends the entire future of the
state. If a thing is good for them it is good, and if it is bad for them
it is bad.
But society doesn't take this attitude. Instead of looking at the world
from the child's point of view we take the point of view of business. Edu-
cation, politics, industrial conditions, housingin all these matters busi-
ness comes first and our children come second.
It is business which dictates, and after it has made the rules we try
as well as we can to adapt the welfare of our children to them. But the
day will arrive when, if a method or project is good for business but bad
for the children it will be rejected.
That is one of the reasons why I favor the strike of the employees
of the Crane company. They want a shorter workday. If they get it the
father will be able to spend more time at home with his children. The
father's influence upon his children is just as important as that of the
mother. If the father is prevented from spending a certain amount of
time with his children there is something definite lacking in their rearing.
Senator Thomas of ColoradoIt may be possible to reach the goal
of uniformity in the conditions of labor, but I question if that can be done
otherwise than by making the standard of the lowest and leveling down
to it If this be so, then strict uniformity in world labor conditions can
be attained only at the expense of the American wage earner. His supe-
rior skill, intelligence, productive capacity and opportunities can trail
him but little.
THE TOMAHAWK, WHITE EAHTH, MINN.
The Fashion Show, which is more
jorrectly called a style promenade, }s
an established institution now. Gar
ments for all the seasons, spring,
summer, autumn and winter make
their debut at these promenades, when
practiced and keen eyes pass upon
their merits and the acid tests of the
buyers send them on their way to
successor relegate them to oblivion.
New fabrics, new silhouettes, new
style features have their tryouts at
these promenades and the questions,
as to what Is to be presented to the
public, are settled by those who seem
to have an intuition In the matter of
Two striking garments that chal
lenged comparisons at a recent style
promenade in New York, are shown
above. They invite attention to new
style features that have made a suc
cess and have an assured future,
Wool velvet, which goes by several
names, with fur for trimming, is the
fabric used In them and their lines
indicate what Is acceptable to Ameri
can women. At the left of the plctufe
there Is a handsome top coat In a
very dark gray with cross-bars In
white, which is a new adventure
in velvet coatings. A photograph
cannot convey the smartness and
Rich and Warm forWinter
richness of this material, but 11
sets forth plainly the style of the
luxurious and practical garment. It
has a wide muffler collar and deep
cuffs of caracul fur and a narrow
belt of the velvet that buttons at the
sides in the most nonchalant manner.
Aside from the interest that centers
in the novelty of the material used
in this coat, the wide, bias band of
the goods which appears to be but
toned around the front of it about
eight inches above the bottom, seized
the attention of spectators and was
credited with being a fine bit of
cleverness In designing.
""Paris took kindly to tailored suits
this season and has furnished us with
models that have a distinctly French
flavor. They are less plain and less
simple than the usual American crea
tions and certain of our own design
ers have adopted the French Ideas.
But Paris decreed the very short skirt
and America rejected It, and for once
Paris changed Its decree. We agree
on longer skirts and two-third length
coats and have a fine example of
these features in the velvet suit shown
at the right of the picture. It Is at
least reminiscent of the Russian
blouse, having all the verve and style
of that persistent inspiration.
Fine Feathers Are Back
The powers that be in the world of
millinery have made a league in fa
vor of feathers for trimming winter
hats. Having decided that the mid
winter hat should be characteristic of
the midwinter season and bear lit
tle resemblance to Its predecessors for
fall, the designers have evidently set
tled on feathers as the great feature
of the styles. Ostrich has come back
and endless wings, cockades and
fancy.feathers are fluttering across the
Ostrich, curled and uncurled, reap
pears to such advantage that we all
wonder how fashion could ever
have banished it. Yet it was absent
for several seasons. Soft quills and
long sprays of artificial aigrettes sweep
and swirl about brims. There is a
great vogue for shaggy, ragged ef
fects, with coque feathers and burnt
goose in turbulent, unsymmetrlcal ar
rangement about brims and -crowns.
Then there are single long feathers
and the most brilliant and precise
wings to contradict what seems the
careless placing of the scraggy feath
ers. It will take a season to tell all
tfie story of feathers.
Most sure of welcome from many
quarters are the beautifully made
wings and mourures like those shown
in two of the hats pictured above
Besides these there are some small
shapes entirely covered with feathers
and among them appear turbans in
which groups of tiny wings spring out
about the hat like small bouquets of
The hat at the center of the group
has a narrow drooping brim covered
with shirred velvet and a coronet of
the same across the front. A pair of
wings Joined by a breast make an ef
fective ornament set in behind the
velvet coronet and sweeping In grace
ful lines backward. The feather band,
terminating in wings, in the hat be
low, Is used on velvet or feather cov
ered turbans. In this case the turban
Is covered with small, soft feathers
and the wing at the left side Is con
siderably larger than that at the
right These hats, made of or trim
med with rich feathers, placed In many
eccentric ways, are suited to matrons
and mature women.
For young women and girts the tarn
of velvet shown at the left of the
picture has a place in all representa
tive displays of millinery.
To See What Her Own Death Notice Looked Like
nature may not have changed in all the ages, but
some queer people up nowadays. Katharine McPhail of Baltimore
would get the Maryland record for queerness, probably, If it came to a vote
in the state. Inserting, or causing to
have inserted, notice of her own death
in an afternoon paper Just to see how
it looked in print and to find out the
actual number of friends who cared
for her, Katharine, the daughter of
Mr. and Mrs. James McPhail, 2511 St
Paul street Baltimore, caused her
parents considerable worry. Katha
rine Inserted the following advertise
ment in an afternoon paper:
'"McPhailOn August 18, 1910,
Katharine, aged nineteen years, be-
loved daughter of Mr. and Mrs. James L. McPhail. Funeral at her parents'
residence, 2511 St Paul street, on Wednesday afternoon at 2 p. m."
Miss McPhail then left for Clifton Park and went in bathing.
Relatives and friends lost no time hi calling up the McPhail home. An
aunt of the girl, Mrs. Oliver F. Byan of Baspeburg, who read the notice
hastened to the McPhail residence, believing her niece had actually died. Mrs.
Byan told of having considered a floral design to be sent to the McPhail
residence, and also of writing to La Crescent, Minn., to an uncle of the girl.
Neighbors were startled by the announcement and made inquiries, only to
learn that the whole affair was a jokeor at least was so considered by the
Passing of Two Pioneers Shows How Young We Are
death Lafayette and Jacob Funk, sons of
Iaiac Funk, oldest members of one of the most noted
pioneer farming families in the history of Illinois, within three hours of each,
other, serves to emphasize how young
Is this nation. In the lifetime of these
two men Illinois has had its develop
ment and Chicago has grown from
nothing. Their father came to Illinois
In 1S24 and settled at Funk's Grove,
where he became the .owner of 25,000
acres. Isaac Funk reared eight sons,
all of whom attained success In agri
culture, In business, and in politics.
In September, 1915, Lafayette and
Jacob Funk, traveling by motorcar,
made a historic trip from Bloomlngton
to Chicago, following so far as possible an old trail over which 70 years before
they had driven cattle and hogs to the old Bull's Head stock yards, located at
West Madison street and Ogden avenue.
In the outskirts of the great city which they had known as a frontier
village they found well-remembered landmarks.
When Lafayette and Jacob Funk visited Chicago in the early days it took
them nearly two weeks to make the Journey over the old trail, riding in farm
wagons behind plodding ox teams. They had a fund of interesting reminis-
cences concerning pioneer times in Illinois.
As growers of seeds and Immense crops of corn the fame of the Funks of
Illinois spread to all parts of the United States. They also were noted as
raisers of prize herds of cattle.
Overall Salesman "Strikes It Rich" With a Club
How Dr. Frank Billings Got His Bearskin Rug
IDAHO.Guests at the home of Dr. Frank Billings hi Chicago this
winter will be escorted In state to the library. "What d'ye think of that
for a fine specimen?" the host will ask. The company, properly impressed,
will gaze on a shaggy cinnamon bear
skin, the fangs gleaming savagely in
the firelight "Some bear!" they'll say. Then
politeness will prompt them to ask the
doctor how he bagged It "Shot the
old fellow out In Idahofrom the
front seat of an auto," Doctor Billings
will chuckle. "Want to hearthe story?*
The story will be something like
this: A. S. Trude, a noted Chicago
|awyer, has a ranch at Rea. He was
entertaining a party of very prominent
Chicagoans, including Doctor Billings, C. K. G. Billings and Roger Sullivan.
They were out motoring and were not loaded for bear. Doctor Billings car-
ried a shotgun in case any small game, such as grouse, appeared.
Suddenly a big cinnamon bear Jumped from the sagebrush Into the road
Just ahead of the car. Doctor Billings was in the front seat He blazed away
at bruin. This is the way Mr. Trude tells the rest of It:
"At first the bear gained on us, though we tore along as fast as the
chauffeur could make the car go, but after a while we gamed on the bear, and
the doctor fired a full charge Into his neck, Just back of the head. This
caused it to fall and roll partly over, but it recovered and resumed its Journey,
bear fashion, down the trail, with the auto at full speed in pursuit Jumping
over badger holes and ruts and with the doctor getting in a shot as often aa
"I sat In the rear seat hanging on and yelling to the doctor to soak him
again, which he did by landing a full charge of shot Just back of bruia'a
Some stales have laws forbidding shooting game on highways and from
Evidently Idaho is not one of these states.
few weeks ago the futtir* of Robert Wachman seemed circum-
scribed by lots of blue denim overalls. It was by selling overalls
that he had eked out a modest livelihood for his wife and family at 4439 South
Michigan avenue. But today his busi
ness is to evade interested capitalists
and wealthy mining engineers who
would make him their guest at ban
quets, dinners and theater parties.
And he prays for deliverance from his,
newly mobilized army of "friends,
who seek to express their admiration
of him by many artless methods.
For Robert Wachman has "struck
it rich." He is a potential millionaire,
owner of a mining claim that is ex
pected to prove one of the richest on
the North American continent Wachman decided a few weeks ago that a
complete rest and vacation was just what he needed. He had staked out a
little patch of land near Dryden, Ont, a year or so ago. Gust Larson, a
veteran prospector of the region, had recommended the claim. -And, more to
make a home for Gust than for any other reason, he had purchased a strip of
While scratching around in the rugged hillsides that abound in his claim,
Wachman and his friend Gust happened on a rusty spur of quartz Jutting up
from the ground. Striking the protruding Jet of ore with a club, glittering
particles of gold were found In the fragments of quartz. Quick work with a
pick and shovel soon revealed a ledge of gold ore that is ten feet deep and
graduates from a width of 12 inches at the top to 30 inches at its lowest depth.
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