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SOLVING THE LEISURE HOUR PROBLEM When the leisure hoar problem has been solved the spirit of industrial unrest will disappear. This Is the theory on which the community serv ice, incorporated, an outgrowth of the war camp community service, is pro* ceeding in its national campaign. Or* ganization has been completed for Illi nois and plans for the establishment of the work are under way. "In correcting the apparently un* friendly relations between capital %nd (labor, resources of our communities on lines so broad and democratic as to win the support of all races, creeds and classes. "Community service has been organized on a national basis and has elicited a ready response. Organization has been completed in Indiana. Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Michigan, New York, New Jersey, Ohio and Illinois." Among those Interested in the national movement are John Hays Ham- mond (portrait herewith), Mrs. E. H. Harriman, Cardinal Gibbons, Hugh Frayne, John Mitchell, William Hamlin Childs, John G. Agar and Theodore Roosevelt. A8AINST "JIM CROW" RAILROAD CARS Federal legislation prohibiting Jim Crow cars or other legislation dis criminating against negroes on rail roads or steamships within the United Stftes was urged by Representative Madden of Chicago (portrait herewith) before the house committee on inter state and foreign commerce the other day. Mr. Madden advocated the in clusion of the provisions of a bill In introduced by him in general railroad legislation. A delegation from the Colored American council, which spon sors the bill, was present. Representative Sanders of Louisi ana was the most outspoken in oppo sition to the bill among members of the committee. "We contend that the negro prefers separate accommoda tions," said Mr. Sanders. "Our negroes down South, knowing they aren't wel come in the white man's coach, don't go In." Mr. Sanders asked Mr. Madden If was not true that a great majority of the negroes now live in the South. "Yes," replied Mr. Madden, "but I don't see what that has to do with this bill. We think they should be treated In the South the same as in the North." BRYAN FINDS 1920 GETTING NEAR community service believes II can perform a valuable work by re viving the neighborhood spirit," say the leaders. "This can be done by teaching the foreign born the lessons of Americanization, directing the leis ure of the people along instructional and educational lines, finding a stimu lating substitute for the disappearing saloon, furnishing a gathering place with a healthy atmosphere, organizing the social, educational and recreational William Jennings Bryan is back in the public eye again, this time in the role of assailant of the'National Se curity league. He finds his ammuni tion in the report of the special com mittee to Investigate the National Se curity league, submitted to the house of representatives on March 3, 1919. The house of representatives adopted the report of the committee. Mr. Bryan says this report should be read by every voter, because we are ap proaching the campaign of 1920. Ho says in part: "Here we have it the secret la out. The men connected with the league as supporters or officials rep resented almost every predatory in terest and favor-seeking corporation. The questions indicated that the two things uppermost in the minds of those in charge of the league's activi ties were first, the protection of the meat packers, and, second, opposition to government ownership of the railroads, and to this may be added th transfer of Income tax from the rich to the poor. "The foresight of the league must be admitted the department of Justice has announced its intention to prosecute the packers for violations of the antitrust laws, and the question of government ownership of the railroads Is now before congress." WESTERN MAN MAY SUCCEED REDFIELD The resignation of Secretary of Commerce Bedfield (portrait here with), to take effect October 31, fastens public attention upon him and Ids cabinet place. It is reported In Washington that President Wilson may select a western man as his suc cessor. Announcement of Mr. Redfleld's resignation did not come as a surprise. Since his disagreement with Director General of Railroads Hlnes regarding prices for steel several months ago It had been almost common gossip that he contemplated early retirement Mr. Redfield, however, denied that his resignation was the result of friction between himself and other administra tion officials. "My resignation," he said, "is not the result of any quarrel, disagree ment, chagrin or any other unpleasant occurrence, but is caused solely and entirely by my desire to return to busi ness and give my attention once more to my personal affairs, which for mors than eight years have been subordinated to the public interests." Bernard Baroch of New York and Wilbur W. Marsh of Waterloo, la., have toth been mentioned as possible successors to Mr. Redfield. EVERd r\ THE TOMAHAWK, WHITE EARTH. MINN. visitor to the field of Waterloo knows the Lion Mound, but not one in a thou san is acquainted with its true history, and the great majority of Brit ish tourists at least regard it as the British Lion. In 1829, shortly after its erection, a French visitor named Salntine described It as "the Belglc Lion looking towards and apparently threatening France." That description seems not to have been forgotten, and probably lies at the root of the sug gestion just made in Brussels to turn the lion round so that the threatit needs a very lively Imagination to see any at allin the pose may be divert ed from France In the direction of Holland, writes Demetrius C. Boulger hi the Graphic. What was the origin of the mound and the lion? In the first place, the animal represented is neither a Brit ish ritfea Belglc emblem it is the Dutch lion, and somewhere in a corner, if it has not been obliterated, will be found, I imagine, the motto of Nassau Orange, "Je Maintiendrai." Whatever is done with it, then, the susceptibil ities of neither Belgians nor British are involved. The British government have certainly no inherited claim to a. voice in whatever solution may be adopted. It is not their concern. How the Mound Was Built. In 1826 William I of the Netherlands, the great-grandfather of the present Queen Wilhelmina and one of the most obstinate personages to be found in the whole range of history, conceived that the field of Waterloo required a memorial to establish the heroism of his eldest son, who had received a wound on the occasion. The king was actuated entirely by dynastic consid erations, unless he also wished to pro vide the foundries of Cockerill, In which he was the largest shareholder, with a profitable commission. At all events it is quite dear that the Bel gian people took no interest or part in the matter, which was decided by a vote of the states-general at The Hague. The vote being passed, the governments of Britain and Prussia were then invited to make a contribu tion to the memorial. They complied to a certain limited extent, the British consenting, for their part, to the re moval of certain French cannon In Wellington's Belgian fortresses in or der to provide the material for the proposed lion. By that time William had decided on the form of the memorial. It was to be the erection of an enormous mound some 200 feet above the crest of Mont St. Jean, at the spot where his son, the prince of Orange, had been wound ed, the mound to be crowned by the Lion of the Netherlands. The clay for the mound was brought from the steep sides of the famous "sunken road," which disappeared in the process, by women of "the district, who were paid at the rate of half a franc a banket, and the site marked by Wellington's tree was included within the radius of the elevationso that when the duke re visited the scene in 1829 with his daughter-in-law, Lady Douro, he made the expressive comment, "My battle field has been spoilt." Legend of the Lion's Tail. The memorial, completed in 1828, had been in existence two years when the Belgian revolution broke out in August, 1830. A year later a French army advanced to Louvain to repel a Dutch Invasion. It was said that some of the French corps in that advance crossed the field and took offense, not at the mound or the lion, but at the shape of Its tail, which, erect in the air, seemed to express defiance! The story went on to say that In their wrath they broke off the tail, and that the complaisant Belgians supplied the Hon with a new one, no longer, erect, but made gracefully dependent. I went to considerable pains in 1901 to show that this legend could have no real basis, because the contemporary drawings in the Brussels Museum of Prints showed the lion being hoisted Into its position with the tail in pre cisely the same form as it wears to day. There is no evidence of any change having been made at that time or any other. In December, 1832, the French army rendered a second signal service to the Belgian people by the siege and cap ture of the Antwerp citadel, and once more a French regiment traversed the scene without doing any damage. A proposal was then made in the Belgian chamber by a patriotic leader, M. Gen deblen, to the effect that the na tional gratitude should be evinced by the removal of the lion monument al together. He called it, and justly, as has been shown, "the hateful emblem of the despotism and violence which made us subject for 15 years to the bumlUatlng yoke which we cast off is September, 1830." I could not ask for a more authoritative corroboration of my view that the Lion Mound is a monument to Dutch megalomania with out, any reference to Britons or Bel gians whatever. Certainly the Bel gians would never have thought of erecting such a memorial to themselves, and as to this country, it is not its way. It Js quite clear, then, that the mere reversal of the lion's position affords no adequate solution to the problem of satisfying those French sentiments which M. Salntine expressed 90 years ago, and which I do not doubt are still entertained. Once the matter is taken into consideration, there can be no dis pute that the position and the pose of the Hon are offensive and provocative to the French people, who, on three historic occasions in less than a cen tury, have contributed of their best and bravest to the saving of Belgian Independence. WORKS OF ART PRESERVED Art World Interested in Uncovering of Old Paintings in the Mosque of Saint Sophia. An Important result that may bft looked for whenever Constantinople and the mosque of St. Sophia pass from under the control of the Turks is the verification of a belief, not gen erally known, that the interior walls of the building still hold in practically perfect condition the ornamentation with which the Byzantine nrtists deco rated them, says a writer in Christian Science Monitor. The statement is made with convincing detail by the Italian architect, Fossnti, who was em ployed by Sultan Abdu-ul-Mejid to put the mosque in complete repair. To do this work Fossatl removed the mat ting that lined the walls and took down the huge disks, covered with Arabic Inscriptions, that here and there ornamented them and behind these coverings he found the work of the an* dent Byzantines. Hagia Saphia, taken by the Turks in 1453, was converted to their own uses by the addition of minarets and by covering the walls the religion of its new possessors for bidding them to make or destroy any picture or statue of man. Fossatl, with the ancient glories of the Christian edi fice temporarily uncovered, made the notes for his book, and painted colored facsimiles of some of the mosaics then he sealed them from view by replac ing the coverings. He Might. In summer time the boy scouts rolV down their socks and follow the Scot tish custom of cool knees. Down at Camp Kinneuma, in Sullivan county, the scout executive, who is both very tall and very boyish, follows the cus tom of his boys. It Is plctnresque and the grown-up visitors understand it. but the other night a tiny girl did not She stared at the executive most of the time of her visit. Then when the family started home she turned to her her father. "The chief of the scouts is terribly tall, isn't he?" she asked. "Yes," answered mother. "I suppose other men's pants would be too short for him," she continued. "But don't you believe that if he saved up a lot of money, mother, he could find a pair long enough for Sundays so his knees wouldn't show?"Indian apolis News. Detects Concrete Defect*. An x-ray outfit for Inspecting con crete ships Is stated by A. C. Freeman to weigh about 90 pounds. The radio graphs taken by the apparatus are ex pected to show whether the concrete mixture has been kept uniform and compact to detect any holes or voids in the structure and to reveal any displacement of the reinforcing mate rial. Such defects, when brought to notice in time, can be remedied be fore the work is completed. Blank Expressions. FlatbushI see a recent invention is a hand telephone with a push but ton In one side with which telegraph ing can be done. BensonhurstGood! Now when the voice with a smile tells you the Hoe is still busy, you can use the telegraph button and make a number of blank Harks. The owner of the voice with a smile will know what the blanks mean, all right. Moving Picture ActorIt you don't soon give me a "part" that has a larg er salary connected with It, I shall die of starvation. DirectorIf yon don't die In th next scene you wssit even bars" ft **stV A Side-Show Romance ByJANBOSBORN tCopyrlsht, IMS, hr th# MoClur* ypr Syndicate.) Outside of her improvised tent Mala could hear the voices of the eager young "barker," shrill against the background of jazz music that came from the veranda beyond, and the buzzing of voices of the crowds that she could indistinctly see outlined through the canvas that hid her from the rest of the men and women, girls and boys who had assembled on the Woodmere lawn for the fete that was to raise enough money to tide over one of the local charities through the sum mer. "This way to have your fortune told," went on the persistent young "barker "greatest gypsy in the world. Come and have your fortune told. Learn your past and know your future. This way, ladles and gentle- men." Then another higher pitched boyish voicethe voice of the barker for a rival attraction. "This way to see the wild animals! Greatest menagerie in the world! Largest alligator in captivity. Fiercest bear in the world I Bats 'em alive! Hugs 'em to death! This way, this way. Best show on the grounds." And then the incessant "This way to have your fortune told. Greatest gypsy in the world. Cross her palm with silver and she'll tell you your for- tune." And still Mala sat within her close little tent, none too comfortable be neath the heavy load of chains and tawdry Jewelry that embellished her costume. Moreover her hair was hanging loosely on her shoulders and the mask across her face was oppres sive. But worst of all, she was sit ting there in her tent wasting her time and the vocal energy of her willing young aid with the megaphone outside without having the satisfaction of tak ing in any money. She wondered what she would tell the people when they did come it didn't seem exactly easy. Still, it was all in the day's work, and if Mrs. Stanley Burton chose to keep her on at a graduate nurse's salary to Idle her time away in this fashion, why it really wasn't going to disturb Maia. For Mala had not been back from her long months of Red Cross duty In Frunce many weeks, and even a respite such as this from the more trying sort of nursing was bringing welcome relief to overwrought nerves. She had gone to Woodmere to take charge of Bobby Burton's strained knee, but the ten-year-old Bobby had recovered rapidly. Meanwhile Alicia Barton had flatly refused to sit In the stuffy tent tell ing fortunes, though she had been promised by her mother to the com mittee and duly advertised as one of the "side shows." As a last-min ute substitute Maia, about to return to town, had been urged to stay little longer for the purpose of tak ing Alicia's place. And Alicia had gone sailing and Maia had been put Intd the gypsy costume specially made for Alicia, and Mrs. Barton was sure if Mala kept her mask on no one would know the difference. Meantime Bobby Barton, entirely recovered as to his strained knee and more than enthusiastic over the one who had brought comfort and diver sion to his Irksome days of con valescence, was continuing to "bark" outside her tent. As minutes passed and no shadow darkened the entrance of her tent Main was aware of a slight disappoint ment. Then she heard her barker: "Greatest attraction on the grounds. Fley, why doesn't some one come and set their fortune told?" Apparently Bobby, too, was becoming discour aged. Then through her mask Maia was aware that some one was rapidly making for the tent entrance. She felt an unexpected sense of confusion stage fright, It seemedand she shuffled her fortune cards nervously. She had gone Into the operating room doty often with far less nervousness than this. There was a fumbling at the tent flap, a sidewlse shuffling of the feet and then a dark face was thrust in quiringly In. It wasn't an unkind face nor an especially ferocious one, and its expression was one more of In quisltiveness than anything else, but still one doesn't encounter even gentle brown bears every day and it was with difficulty that Maia changed a shrill scream of terror Into a terrified, "Oh, please somebody do something. The bear!" But somebody and a good many somebodies bad done something. Bobby had seen the vanishing black legs of Bruno, dropped his megaphone and bad seized the trailing rope. "Hey, you menagerie people, your bear's loose," he called to the group of tents across tbe path, and before Maia had time to think just what was the wisest course of action when meet ing a bear single-handed, "the mena gerie" people had come, four or five of them, and had dragged off their en tirely harmless and spiritless beast, who had prowled off in an unguarded moment. But every one In that part of the Woodmere lawn had heard the com motion, and like wildfire spread the Information that a ferocious bear had broken into Alicia Barton's tent, that there had been a narrow that one of the young men from the menagerie teat had performed the rescue and that on the whole the af fair had been very thrilling. That seemed to turn the tide to ward the gypsy's tent. For new they came eagerly, they stood in line out side, and the enger Bobby was more occupied now in timing the applicants to see that no one stayed more than five minutes than in shouting through his megaphone. And Mala, between those five-minute Interviews, noticed that the tambourine in which she put the silver with which her palm was crossed was getting to look very tempt ing, and some of the "silver" was real ly paper. She rather regretted that Alicia Barton would have all the credit, for as yet her mask had not been re moved and she had heard more than one remark from outside that Alicia certainly looked charming in gypsy costume. The afternoon was almost over and Maia was beginning te feel the strain of her unaccustomed work when some one came who caused her heart to beat faster than had the inquisitive bear. "Perhaps you had better knock off. Miss Barton," he began. "You must have had quite a fright from that beast." It was Dr. Rodney Hill Rodney Hill, by whose side Mala had worked during those most trying days and nights in France Rodney Hill, who, when they parted four months ago, had held Maia's hand in his own and had told Maia that she was the pluckiest girl In the world and had told her that he didn't know how he was going te get along with out her. Maia had net heard from Doctor Hill again, and there were times when she had had to confess to herself that in her disappointment there was greater cause for the ex haustion she had felt during these months back In America than was the memory of all the work In France. Maia didn't intend to take off that mask even then, but once she spoke Rodney Hill knew her and he knew it was not Alicia Barton, to whom he had been sent to give any profes sional aid that she might need after the bear episode, which had been get ting more and more interesting as the afternoon passed. He was holding her hand again and telling her that she was the pluckiest girl, and Bobble had been told to give them "double time," which meant ten minutes. "But I didn't know you were one of these peoplemoney and society and all that sort of thing," he told her. "And I never dreamed that you were," she said. "You never seemed like these Woodmere people or that you knew girls like Alicia Barton." "But I'm not, and I don't," pro tested Rodney. "Yon see when I got back from France I'd rather lost my grip. I had just finished medical college when I went over, and ex hausted as I was I wasn't In shape to put up the fight that would be necessary to start in on my own. Then I got In touch with these million aire Dorkinses who wanted a resident doctor for the summer to look after old Dork ins' gout and Grandma Dor kins' bad temper. Well, to tell the truth, It was because of the fat salary that went with it that I accepted It for the summer. "I wanted to make sure I had enough to keep the pot boiling for a year and then I was going to look you up and ask you whether you'd help me to start. I wanted to tell you back there in France, that night when we left, but I knew we had both been through too much to think of ourselves then. Besides, I wanted to have a home to offer you before I asked you. Mala dear" "Ton minutes Is up," called out the cheerful barker outside, nnd then, "This way to see the greatest gypsy in the world. Loam your past and know your future." Instinct in Spiders. Spinning webs Is second nnture with spiders. After they are hatched from the eggs in a cocoon they cling to gether for about a week. Then they separate, but their legs do not carry them very far. Facing the wind and standing on the tips of their legs, the baby spiders raise their abdomens and emit a silken thread. The faintest current wafts the gossamer in the air, and when enough Is let out to permit of aerial flight the Insect drifts away. When it wishes to land it hauls In the thread. Wherever it lands it can spin webs without the slightest instruc tions from older spiders. Older male spiders seem to lose this gift. There are abont 550 species of spiders in America, but only two, the house and garden spiders, are well known. Plume Birds Failing. New Guinea is the home of a large percentage of the world's birds of paradise. The supply of these beauti ful birds is fast failing. Not only do the women of Europe and America demand feathers for their bonnets, says the Savannah News, but the na tives of New Guinea and surrounding Islands make lavish use of the plu mage as headdresses. Some precau tions are now taken to prevent visitors to New Guinea from killing the "most beautiful birds In the world," but the natives are left alone and they con tinue to deck themselves out In capes and headpieces more gorgeous than any seen on our stage beauties or the wives of our millionaires. Literal Minded. Mrs. X. (returning home)"Mercy! However did the child get that awful bump?" Green Girl"You told roe to let him play on the piano, and he fett oft"