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The Tomahawk. [volume] (White Earth, Becker County, Minn.) 1903-192?, October 09, 1919, Image 5

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I
SOLVING THE LEISURE HOUR PROBLEM
When the leisure hoar problem
has been solved the spirit of industrial
unrest will disappear. This Is the
theory on which the community serv
ice, incorporated, an outgrowth of the
war camp community service, is pro*
ceeding in its national campaign. Or*
ganization has been completed for Illi
nois and plans for the establishment
of the work are under way.
"In correcting the apparently un*
friendly relations between capital %nd
(labor,
resources of our communities on lines so broad and democratic as to win the
support of all races, creeds and classes.
"Community service has been organized on a national basis and has
elicited a ready response. Organization has been completed in Indiana.
Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Michigan, New York, New Jersey, Ohio and
Illinois."
Among those Interested in the national movement are John Hays Ham-
mond (portrait herewith), Mrs. E. H. Harriman, Cardinal Gibbons, Hugh
Frayne, John Mitchell, William Hamlin Childs, John G. Agar and Theodore
Roosevelt.
A8AINST "JIM CROW" RAILROAD CARS
Federal legislation prohibiting
Jim Crow cars or other legislation dis
criminating against negroes on rail
roads or steamships within the United
Stftes was urged by Representative
Madden of Chicago (portrait herewith)
before the house committee on inter
state and foreign commerce the other
day. Mr. Madden advocated the in
clusion of the provisions of a bill In
introduced by him in general railroad
legislation. A delegation from the
Colored American council, which spon
sors the bill, was present.
Representative Sanders of Louisi
ana was the most outspoken in oppo
sition to the bill among members of
the committee. "We contend that the
negro prefers separate accommoda
tions," said Mr. Sanders. "Our negroes
down South, knowing they aren't wel
come in the white man's coach, don't
go In."
Mr. Sanders asked Mr. Madden If
was not true that a great majority of the negroes now live in the South.
"Yes," replied Mr. Madden, "but I don't see what that has to do with this
bill. We think they should be treated In the South the same as in the North."
BRYAN FINDS 1920 GETTING NEAR
community service believes II
can perform a valuable work by re
viving the neighborhood spirit," say
the leaders. "This can be done by
teaching the foreign born the lessons
of Americanization, directing the leis
ure of the people along instructional
and educational lines, finding a stimu
lating substitute for the disappearing
saloon, furnishing a gathering place
with a healthy atmosphere, organizing
the social, educational and recreational
William Jennings Bryan is back in
the public eye again, this time in the
role of assailant of the'National Se
curity league. He finds his ammuni
tion in the report of the special com
mittee to Investigate the National Se
curity league, submitted to the house
of representatives on March 3, 1919.
The house of representatives adopted
the report of the committee. Mr.
Bryan says this report should be read
by every voter, because we are ap
proaching the campaign of 1920. Ho
says in part:
"Here we have it the secret la
out. The men connected with the
league as supporters or officials rep
resented almost every predatory in
terest and favor-seeking corporation.
The questions indicated that the two
things uppermost in the minds of
those in charge of the league's activi
ties were first, the protection of the
meat packers, and, second, opposition
to government ownership of the railroads, and to this may be added th
transfer of Income tax from the rich to the poor.
"The foresight of the league must be admitted the department of Justice
has announced its intention to prosecute the packers for violations of the
antitrust laws, and the question of government ownership of the railroads Is
now before congress."
WESTERN MAN MAY SUCCEED REDFIELD
The resignation of Secretary of
Commerce Bedfield (portrait here
with), to take effect October 31,
fastens public attention upon him and
Ids cabinet place. It is reported In
Washington that President Wilson
may select a western man as his suc
cessor.
Announcement of Mr. Redfleld's
resignation did not come as a surprise.
Since his disagreement with Director
General of Railroads Hlnes regarding
prices for steel several months ago It
had been almost common gossip that
he contemplated early retirement Mr.
Redfield, however, denied that his
resignation was the result of friction
between himself and other administra
tion officials.
"My resignation," he said, "is not
the result of any quarrel, disagree
ment, chagrin or any other unpleasant
occurrence, but is caused solely and
entirely by my desire to return to busi
ness and give my attention once more to my personal affairs, which for mors
than eight years have been subordinated to the public interests."
Bernard Baroch of New York and Wilbur W. Marsh of Waterloo, la., have
toth been mentioned as possible successors to Mr. Redfield.
EVERd
r\
THE TOMAHAWK, WHITE EARTH. MINN.
visitor to the field of
Waterloo knows the Lion
Mound, but not one in a thou
san is acquainted with its true
history, and the great majority of Brit
ish tourists at least regard it as the
British Lion. In 1829, shortly after
its erection, a French visitor named
Salntine described It as "the Belglc
Lion looking towards and apparently
threatening France." That description
seems not to have been forgotten, and
probably lies at the root of the sug
gestion just made in Brussels to turn
the lion round so that the threatit
needs a very lively Imagination to see
any at allin the pose may be divert
ed from France In the direction of
Holland, writes Demetrius C. Boulger
hi the Graphic.
What was the origin of the mound
and the lion? In the first place, the
animal represented is neither a Brit
ish ritfea Belglc emblem it is the
Dutch lion, and somewhere in a corner,
if it has not been obliterated, will be
found, I imagine, the motto of Nassau
Orange, "Je Maintiendrai." Whatever
is done with it, then, the susceptibil
ities of neither Belgians nor British
are involved. The British government
have certainly no inherited claim to a.
voice in whatever solution may be
adopted. It is not their concern.
How the Mound Was Built.
In 1826 William I of the Netherlands,
the great-grandfather of the present
Queen Wilhelmina and one of the most
obstinate personages to be found in the
whole range of history, conceived that
the field of Waterloo required a
memorial to establish the heroism of
his eldest son, who had received a
wound on the occasion. The king was
actuated entirely by dynastic consid
erations, unless he also wished to pro
vide the foundries of Cockerill, In
which he was the largest shareholder,
with a profitable commission. At all
events it is quite dear that the Bel
gian people took no interest or part in
the matter, which was decided by a
vote of the states-general at The
Hague. The vote being passed, the
governments of Britain and Prussia
were then invited to make a contribu
tion to the memorial. They complied
to a certain limited extent, the British
consenting, for their part, to the re
moval of certain French cannon In
Wellington's Belgian fortresses in or
der to provide the material for the
proposed lion.
By that time William had decided on
the form of the memorial. It was to
be the erection of an enormous mound
some 200 feet above the crest of Mont
St. Jean, at the spot where his son,
the prince of Orange, had been wound
ed, the mound to be crowned by the
Lion of the Netherlands. The clay for
the mound was brought from the steep
sides of the famous "sunken road,"
which disappeared in the process, by
women of "the district, who were paid
at the rate of half a franc a banket, and
the site marked by Wellington's tree
was included within the radius of the
elevationso that when the duke re
visited the scene in 1829 with his
daughter-in-law, Lady Douro, he made
the expressive comment, "My battle
field has been spoilt."
Legend of the Lion's Tail.
The memorial, completed in 1828,
had been in existence two years when
the Belgian revolution broke out in
August, 1830. A year later a French
army advanced to Louvain to repel a
Dutch Invasion. It was said that some
of the French corps in that advance
crossed the field and took offense, not
at the mound or the lion, but at the
shape of Its tail, which, erect in the
air, seemed to express defiance! The
story went on to say that In their
wrath they broke off the tail, and that
the complaisant Belgians supplied the
Hon with a new one, no longer, erect,
but made gracefully dependent.
I went to considerable pains in 1901
to show that this legend could have no
real basis, because the contemporary
drawings in the Brussels Museum of
Prints showed the lion being hoisted
Into its position with the tail in pre
cisely the same form as it wears to
day. There is no evidence of any
change having been made at that time
or any other.
In December, 1832, the French army
rendered a second signal service to the
Belgian people by the siege and cap
ture of the Antwerp citadel, and once
more a French regiment traversed the
scene without doing any damage. A
proposal was then made in the Belgian
chamber by a patriotic leader, M. Gen
deblen, to the effect that the na
tional gratitude should be evinced by
the removal of the lion monument al
together. He called it, and justly, as
has been shown, "the hateful emblem
of the despotism and violence which
made us subject for 15 years to the
bumlUatlng yoke which we cast off is
September, 1830." I could not ask for
a more authoritative corroboration of
my view that the Lion Mound is a
monument to Dutch megalomania with
out, any reference to Britons or Bel
gians whatever. Certainly the Bel
gians would never have thought of
erecting such a memorial to themselves,
and as to this country, it is not its
way.
It Js quite clear, then, that the mere
reversal of the lion's position affords
no adequate solution to the problem of
satisfying those French sentiments
which M. Salntine expressed 90 years
ago, and which I do not doubt are still
entertained. Once the matter is taken
into consideration, there can be no dis
pute that the position and the pose of
the Hon are offensive and provocative
to the French people, who, on three
historic occasions in less than a cen
tury, have contributed of their best
and bravest to the saving of Belgian
Independence. WORKS OF ART PRESERVED
Art World Interested in Uncovering of
Old Paintings in the Mosque of
Saint Sophia.
An Important result that may bft
looked for whenever Constantinople
and the mosque of St. Sophia pass
from under the control of the Turks
is the verification of a belief, not gen
erally known, that the interior walls
of the building still hold in practically
perfect condition the ornamentation
with which the Byzantine nrtists deco
rated them, says a writer in Christian
Science Monitor. The statement is
made with convincing detail by the
Italian architect, Fossnti, who was em
ployed by Sultan Abdu-ul-Mejid to put
the mosque in complete repair. To do
this work Fossatl removed the mat
ting that lined the walls and took
down the huge disks, covered with
Arabic Inscriptions, that here and there
ornamented them and behind these
coverings he found the work of the an*
dent Byzantines. Hagia Saphia, taken
by the Turks in 1453, was converted
to their own uses by the addition of
minarets and by covering the walls
the religion of its new possessors for
bidding them to make or destroy any
picture or statue of man. Fossatl, with
the ancient glories of the Christian edi
fice temporarily uncovered, made the
notes for his book, and painted colored
facsimiles of some of the mosaics then
he sealed them from view by replac
ing the coverings.
He Might.
In summer time the boy scouts rolV
down their socks and follow the Scot
tish custom of cool knees. Down at
Camp Kinneuma, in Sullivan county,
the scout executive, who is both very
tall and very boyish, follows the cus
tom of his boys. It Is plctnresque and
the grown-up visitors understand it.
but the other night a tiny girl did not
She stared at the executive most of
the time of her visit. Then when the
family started home she turned to her
her father. "The chief of the scouts
is terribly tall, isn't he?" she asked.
"Yes," answered mother.
"I suppose other men's pants would
be too short for him," she continued.
"But don't you believe that if he saved
up a lot of money, mother, he could
find a pair long enough for Sundays
so his knees wouldn't show?"Indian
apolis News.
Detects Concrete Defect*.
An x-ray outfit for Inspecting con
crete ships Is stated by A. C. Freeman
to weigh about 90 pounds. The radio
graphs taken by the apparatus are ex
pected to show whether the concrete
mixture has been kept uniform and
compact to detect any holes or voids
in the structure and to reveal any
displacement of the reinforcing mate
rial. Such defects, when brought to
notice in time, can be remedied be
fore the work is completed.
Blank Expressions.
FlatbushI see a recent invention
is a hand telephone with a push but
ton In one side with which telegraph
ing can be done.
BensonhurstGood! Now when the
voice with a smile tells you the Hoe
is still busy, you can use the telegraph
button and make a number of blank
Harks. The owner of the voice with a
smile will know what the blanks mean,
all right.
Moving Picture ActorIt you don't
soon give me a "part" that has a larg
er salary connected with It, I shall die
of starvation.
DirectorIf yon don't die In th
next scene you wssit even bars" ft
**stV
A Side-Show
Romance
ByJANBOSBORN
tCopyrlsht, IMS, hr th# MoClur*
ypr Syndicate.)
Outside of her improvised tent Mala
could hear the voices of the eager
young "barker," shrill against the
background of jazz music that came
from the veranda beyond, and the
buzzing of voices of the crowds that
she could indistinctly see outlined
through the canvas that hid her from
the rest of the men and women, girls
and boys who had assembled on the
Woodmere lawn for the fete that was
to raise enough money to tide over one
of the local charities through the sum
mer.
"This way to have your fortune
told," went on the persistent young
"barker "greatest gypsy in the
world. Come and have your fortune
told. Learn your past and know your
future. This way, ladles and gentle-
men."
Then another higher pitched boyish
voicethe voice of the barker for a
rival attraction.
"This way to see the wild animals!
Greatest menagerie in the world!
Largest alligator in captivity. Fiercest
bear in the world I Bats 'em alive!
Hugs 'em to death! This way, this
way. Best show on the grounds."
And then the incessant "This way
to have your fortune told. Greatest
gypsy in the world. Cross her palm
with silver and she'll tell you your for-
tune."
And still Mala sat within her close
little tent, none too comfortable be
neath the heavy load of chains and
tawdry Jewelry that embellished her
costume. Moreover her hair was
hanging loosely on her shoulders and
the mask across her face was oppres
sive. But worst of all, she was sit
ting there in her tent wasting her time
and the vocal energy of her willing
young aid with the megaphone outside
without having the satisfaction of tak
ing in any money.
She wondered what she would tell
the people when they did come it
didn't seem exactly easy. Still, it
was all in the day's work, and if Mrs.
Stanley Burton chose to keep her on
at a graduate nurse's salary to Idle
her time away in this fashion, why it
really wasn't going to disturb Maia.
For Mala had not been back from
her long months of Red Cross duty
In Frunce many weeks, and even a
respite such as this from the more
trying sort of nursing was bringing
welcome relief to overwrought nerves.
She had gone to Woodmere to take
charge of Bobby Burton's strained
knee, but the ten-year-old Bobby had
recovered rapidly.
Meanwhile Alicia Barton had flatly
refused to sit In the stuffy tent tell
ing fortunes, though she had been
promised by her mother to the com
mittee and duly advertised as one
of the "side shows." As a last-min
ute substitute Maia, about to return
to town, had been urged to stay
little longer for the purpose of tak
ing Alicia's place. And Alicia had
gone sailing and Maia had been put
Intd the gypsy costume specially
made for Alicia, and Mrs. Barton was
sure if Mala kept her mask on no one
would know the difference.
Meantime Bobby Barton, entirely
recovered as to his strained knee and
more than enthusiastic over the one
who had brought comfort and diver
sion to his Irksome days of con
valescence, was continuing to "bark"
outside her tent.
As minutes passed and no shadow
darkened the entrance of her tent
Main was aware of a slight disappoint
ment. Then she heard her barker:
"Greatest attraction on the grounds.
Fley, why doesn't some one come and
set their fortune told?" Apparently
Bobby, too, was becoming discour
aged.
Then through her mask Maia was
aware that some one was rapidly
making for the tent entrance. She
felt an unexpected sense of confusion
stage fright, It seemedand she
shuffled her fortune cards nervously.
She had gone Into the operating room
doty often with far less nervousness
than this.
There was a fumbling at the tent
flap, a sidewlse shuffling of the feet
and then a dark face was thrust in
quiringly In. It wasn't an unkind face
nor an especially ferocious one, and
its expression was one more of In
quisltiveness than anything else, but
still one doesn't encounter even gentle
brown bears every day and it was
with difficulty that Maia changed a
shrill scream of terror Into a terrified,
"Oh, please somebody do something.
The bear!"
But somebody and a good many
somebodies bad done something.
Bobby had seen the vanishing black
legs of Bruno, dropped his megaphone
and bad seized the trailing rope.
"Hey, you menagerie people, your
bear's loose," he called to the group
of tents across tbe path, and before
Maia had time to think just what was
the wisest course of action when meet
ing a bear single-handed, "the mena
gerie" people had come, four or five of
them, and had dragged off their en
tirely harmless and spiritless beast,
who had prowled off in an unguarded
moment.
But every one In that part of the
Woodmere lawn had heard the com
motion, and like wildfire spread the
Information that a ferocious bear
had broken into Alicia Barton's tent,
that there had been a narrow
that one of the young men from the
menagerie teat had performed the
rescue and that on the whole the af
fair had been very thrilling.
That seemed to turn the tide to
ward the gypsy's tent. For new they
came eagerly, they stood in line out
side, and the enger Bobby was more
occupied now in timing the applicants
to see that no one stayed more than
five minutes than in shouting through
his megaphone. And Mala, between
those five-minute Interviews, noticed
that the tambourine in which she put
the silver with which her palm was
crossed was getting to look very tempt
ing, and some of the "silver" was real
ly paper.
She rather regretted that Alicia
Barton would have all the credit, for
as yet her mask had not been re
moved and she had heard more than
one remark from outside that Alicia
certainly looked charming in gypsy
costume.
The afternoon was almost over and
Maia was beginning te feel the strain
of her unaccustomed work when some
one came who caused her heart to
beat faster than had the inquisitive
bear.
"Perhaps you had better knock
off. Miss Barton," he began. "You
must have had quite a fright from
that beast." It was Dr. Rodney Hill
Rodney Hill, by whose side Mala
had worked during those most trying
days and nights in France Rodney
Hill, who, when they parted four
months ago, had held Maia's hand in
his own and had told Maia that she
was the pluckiest girl In the world
and had told her that he didn't know
how he was going te get along with
out her. Maia had net heard from
Doctor Hill again, and there were
times when she had had to confess to
herself that in her disappointment
there was greater cause for the ex
haustion she had felt during these
months back In America than was the
memory of all the work In France.
Maia didn't intend to take off that
mask even then, but once she spoke
Rodney Hill knew her and he knew
it was not Alicia Barton, to whom he
had been sent to give any profes
sional aid that she might need after
the bear episode, which had been get
ting more and more interesting as the
afternoon passed.
He was holding her hand again and
telling her that she was the pluckiest
girl, and Bobble had been told to give
them "double time," which meant ten
minutes.
"But I didn't know you were one
of these peoplemoney and society
and all that sort of thing," he told her.
"And I never dreamed that you
were," she said. "You never seemed
like these Woodmere people or that
you knew girls like Alicia Barton."
"But I'm not, and I don't," pro
tested Rodney. "Yon see when I
got back from France I'd rather lost
my grip. I had just finished medical
college when I went over, and ex
hausted as I was I wasn't In shape
to put up the fight that would be
necessary to start in on my own.
Then I got In touch with these million
aire Dorkinses who wanted a resident
doctor for the summer to look after
old Dork ins' gout and Grandma Dor
kins' bad temper. Well, to tell the
truth, It was because of the fat salary
that went with it that I accepted It for
the summer.
"I wanted to make sure I had
enough to keep the pot boiling for a
year and then I was going to look you
up and ask you whether you'd help
me to start. I wanted to tell you back
there in France, that night when we
left, but I knew we had both been
through too much to think of ourselves
then. Besides, I wanted to have a
home to offer you before I asked you.
Mala dear"
"Ton minutes Is up," called out the
cheerful barker outside, nnd then,
"This way to see the greatest gypsy
in the world. Loam your past and
know your future."
Instinct in Spiders.
Spinning webs Is second nnture with
spiders. After they are hatched from
the eggs in a cocoon they cling to
gether for about a week. Then they
separate, but their legs do not carry
them very far. Facing the wind and
standing on the tips of their legs, the
baby spiders raise their abdomens and
emit a silken thread. The faintest
current wafts the gossamer in the air,
and when enough Is let out to permit
of aerial flight the Insect drifts away.
When it wishes to land it hauls In the
thread. Wherever it lands it can spin
webs without the slightest instruc
tions from older spiders. Older male
spiders seem to lose this gift. There
are abont 550 species of spiders in
America, but only two, the house and
garden spiders, are well known.
Plume Birds Failing.
New Guinea is the home of a large
percentage of the world's birds of
paradise. The supply of these beauti
ful birds is fast failing. Not only do
the women of Europe and America
demand feathers for their bonnets,
says the Savannah News, but the na
tives of New Guinea and surrounding
Islands make lavish use of the plu
mage as headdresses. Some precau
tions are now taken to prevent visitors
to New Guinea from killing the "most
beautiful birds In the world," but the
natives are left alone and they con
tinue to deck themselves out In capes
and headpieces more gorgeous than
any seen on our stage beauties or the
wives of our millionaires.
Literal Minded.
Mrs. X. (returning home)"Mercy!
However did the child get that awful
bump?" Green Girl"You told roe to
let him play on the piano, and he fett
oft"

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