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The Tomahawk. [volume] (White Earth, Becker County, Minn.) 1903-192?, October 09, 1919, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89064695/1919-10-09/ed-1/seq-6/

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{American Committee Organized
to Fight Farmers, Labor,
and Soldiers
Local Organ iration to Defend Prof
iteers Part of a General Wall Street
Drive on ProgressMinneapolis
Alone Raises Over $200,000.
St. Paul, Winn.New tactics of
the American committee, whose
headquarters are In Minneapolis,
have come to light in the last
In addition to raising a slush
fund of $200,000 to fight the Non
partisan league, organized labor
and the World War Veterans ths
special interests who masquerade
under this patriotic title have
formed a new bogus organization
known as the "Loyal American
club" and they are levying what
amounts to forced contributions
from bankers in the Twin Cities.
The American committee itself is
simply a branch of a large Wall
street movement to use the public
schools, universities, churches and
every other available organization
to support standpatism and reac
tionary politics.
A Bogus Organization.
Over 2,000 Minneapolis workmen art
said by the announcements to belong
to the Loyal American club, but care
ful canvass reveals that only two union
men have joined it. The fraud is re
(vealed clearly in a circular sent out
I to the members which reads:
"To back our speakers, we urge up
jon you the necessity to come and also
induce your employes and friends to
turn out to the support of these men."
Minneapolis workmen to the numbei
of 2,000 hardly have "employes" which
they can bring out to cheer reaction
ary soap-boxers in the public squares.
The Letter to Bankers.
The following letter bearing the
name of J. S. Pomeroy, manager of the
'Clearing House association and one of
(the insiders on the American com
mittee, shows a quota levied on each
bank in the same manner as Liberty
1 bonds were apportioned and with a
igood deal more force:
"July 14, 1919.
."Minneapolis Clearing House Asso
"Minneapolis, Minn.
"Gentlemen: The American com
mittee of Minneapolis, of which Mr.
J. H. Ellison is chairman, has raised
a fund of something over $200,000 foi
the purpose of carrying on a sys
tematic and intelligent campaign
against the spread of socialism in this
"The subscriptions to this fund have
'been secured through the efforts of
ths finance committee, composed of
Mr. Joseph Chapman, Mr. F. A. Cham
berlain, Mr. A. F. Pillsbury and Mr.
John Crosby, and the Clearing House
{has pledged $20,000 towards this fund.
Each Bank Has Quota.
"The members of the Clearing
House will be responsible for the
amount, though the Clearing House
committee Is of the opinion that all
banks in this city which are not mem
bers of the association will be willing
to contribute to this cause on a pro
rata basis in .proportion to their as
"I have been asked, therefore, to
{bring the matter to your attention and
the amount apportioned to your bank
lis If you believe in the work
which the committee is endeavoring
[to accomplish, will you please sign
the enclosed pledge and the committee
{will call for the funds at intervals
earinexpenditure, e
the ysar as they are needed,
-lie of this fund will be
(under the close supervision of the ex
ecutive committee.
"Tours very truly,
"J. S. POMEROY, Manager."
Service Msn Attacked.
Here is the diplomatic language in
which banks are generally given or
jders from those higher up, and bank
jers have to regard them a levy for
taxes. It is also reported on reliable
formation that the larger employers
likewise pledged for $2,500 each.
The World War Veterans' associa
tion is opposed by the American com
mittee because it is made up of serv
ice men cooperating with organized
labor and anxious to secure bettei
conditions of livelihood.
"Beware of the World War Veter-
ans," said one of tholr committee
speakers at an open air meeting.
"They are trying to get you a bonus
of $300 to $500, but they won't get
you anything. The American Legion
lis the real organization. We don't
a** anything from the government/
No Gouging Allowed
According to a report of the Amer
ican Trade Commissioner at Mel
bourne, Australia, to the Department
of Commerce, dated June 7, 1919, ths
Australian. Wheat Board has an*
pounced that all sales of wheat and
oar to foreign countries will be mads
by ths Board alone and that charter
Ins of ocean tonnage for fun cargoes
will continue to be mads for the Wheal
Board by the Commonwealth charter*
/lag agents. This arrangement la ex
pected to offset the demand of ship
owners for higher freight rates and ts
decrease the cesspetit**" betwsen the
Farmer Representative Chosen
to Make Leading Oration
on September 1
Walter Thomas Mills Shows That
Farmers and Workers Can Solve
Great Problems Only By Elimi
nating Private Monopoly.
Omaha, Neb."The hour has
passed," declared Walter Thomas
Mills in a great Labor Day address
given in this city, "when rational
people among the farmers in the
country and wage-workers in the
towna can any longer be persuad
ed that they will serve their own
interests best by leaving In pos
session and control of ths great
private monopolists the governing
powers of the state and nation."
Mr. Mills, well known as a lead*
ing reformer throughout the world
and more recently as a popular
lecturer for the Nonpartisan
league, waa chosen by labor for
the oration of the day to show that
labor in Omaha was awake and
that it was rsady to join handa
with ths organized League farm
ers of Nebraska to restore ths gov
ernment to the people.
After pointing out that some dif
ferences naturally arise between town
and country worker, because the first
sells his labor and the latter sells the
products of his labor, Mr. Mills con
Great Gap Between Producers.
"The products of the farmer are sold
to ths final consumer for 70 cents on
the dollar in excess of the 30 cents
received by the farmer, but the town
workers receive only the merest frac
tion of the 70 cents.
"The difference between what the
consumers pay and what ths pro
ducers receive, creates a great sur
plus year by year, which the workers
in town and country have been able
to produce with their labor, but which
they are unable to buy back for their
own use with the incomes they re
"Within every country, as well as
between all countries, the greatest of
all problems as related to those at
home or those abroad, is involved in
the disposal of these surplus goods,
created by the industry of the work
ers, but beyond their purchasing pow
The Only Solution.
"In Justice and in mathematics there
i bu one solution. That solution in
in no way nor to any degree
any injustice to any one. It is this:
The final selling prices of food prod
acts must be lowered. The selling
prices of farm products received by
the fanners and the wages of labor
must be raised until the rewards for
service in production and the final
selling prices of things produced shall
equal and balance each other.
"Then every producer In town or
country will be able to possess him
self of all the wealth he may be able
to create. Then any worker in town
or country can buy out of the market
with his income, values as great aa
he has put into the market with his
labor. Then every service on the farm
or la transportation, in manufacture,
In storage, in final distribution or in
the credit services -tf the banks, will
he amply rewardet-
Abolisn Monopoly,
only erases to suffer w&V be
Secretary of War Baker has
offered the great government ni
trate plant at Nitro, W. Va., for
sale to the highest bidder. This
plant Including all the machinery,
warehouses, land and a city able
to house 20,000 people will be sold
as a unit, and the number of possi
ble buyers is therefore very lim
ited. Only the largest corporation
would be able to pay fair wreck
age price for it not to mention
its value as a going concern.
The secretary of war thus
throws on the scrap heap two
principles which have the support
of all liberals of the nation:
1. The use of the government
owned plants to break the power
of the nitrate trust over our farm
ers. i
2. Government manufacture of
munitions of war to abolish the
greatest vested interest in war and
the vested interest most concerned
in promoting wars everywhere.
With regard to the latter point
it is interesting to note that the
first draft of the league or nations
contained a plank looking toward
removing the manufacture of mu
uitions from private enterprise.
the parasites who add nothing to thei
world's wealth but appropriate,'
through the power of monopoly, many,
millions of dollars' worth of the1
world's productsproducts vastly inj
excess of what the monopolists can*
use and for which no buyers can
found, because the very process by
which the monopolists obtain these)
products exhausts the purchasing!
power of those who otherwise could!
furnish the necessary markets."
Mr. Mills declared that the way to
get balanced production is to do away
with monopoly and waste and the only
way to do away with monopoly is
through public ownership. Wage
earners and farmers must unite to
secure the political power to do this.
"Privately owned monopolies," said
Mr. Mills, "put premium on charg
ing more than ths cost of the service.
Publicly owned monopolies offer the
most rational basis for price-fixing.
It is always ths actual cost of the
"The principle which runs through
them all Is this: Pubic ownership ofj
those greet haSsstrles which, in theiri
nature, are unavoidable monopolise,
and which must be .either prlvasei
monopolies or public enterprises.!
These monopolies are the enemies of,
the farmers. They are the enemies1
of the workers of the towns. It is
they who push down the prices of the
products from the land. It is they
who push down the wages of the work-i
ers in transportation, in mining, in
manufacturing and storage, in the final',
market and through the power of the]
private banks.
A New World Leadership.
"America's leadership of the worst i
must not be a leadership which itself
is led by the exploiters of labor.
America's leadership of the world
must be a leadership vested in the
useful people of Americanot In its
useless parasites.
"The farmers and workers are fight
ing for the same things.
"Divided they can continue to da-.
feat each other.
"United they, can deliver them
"They can push down the coat of
living. They can increase the earn
ing power of labor. They can make
an end of unearned incomes.
"They can deliver our country fresh
the graft of the grafters.
"They can establish Justice.
"They can achieve world leadership
on that foundation, and in that way
they may lay the foundations for a
Jest, worldwide and a lasting
Secrets of Success in Obtaining
High Prices Are to Grade,
Clean and Pack.
Clean, Neat and Attractive Packages
Should Be Used for Shipping and
Covered With Paper During
Severe Weather.
(Prepared by the United skates Depart'
ment of Agriculture.)
An explanation)of why farmers have
not received better prices for their
sweet potatoes is that they have not
used proper methods of handling and
marketing. In many cases the pota
toes are badly bruised and cut in dig'
ging, then are put in bags or rough
barrels without grading, and rushed
on the market when there is an over
supply. The secrets of success in get
ting high prices are te grade, clean
and pack the product carefully and
pot it upon the market when there is
a keen demand. The greatest demand
for sweet potatoes is, as a rule, from
the middle of December to the middle
of March.
Best Type for Market.
The market demands a medium
slea, uniform type of sweet potato,
fjhee from bruises or decayed spots. In
grading, all undersized add the large,
overgrown, crooked, broken, or bruised
potatoes should be kept at home for
feeding or for canning. The best pota
toes will bring mors money than will
both the culls and the primes maCssmt
ed together. Two market grades are
sometimes made, the "extra selects" or
"primes" and the "seconds," but the
Southern farmer will do well to make
just one market grade and keep the
others for* home use or for feeding to
bis live stock.
Attractive Packages.
After carefully grading, sweet pota
toes should be put in clean, neat, at
tractive packages. Bags should never
Sweet Potatoes.
be used, as the potatoes In them be
come badly bruised when handled.
The standard veneer potato barrel
with a burlap cover is often used in
summer or autumn, but for winter
shipment the double-headed stave bar
rel or tight box is often used. The
mall type of package, such as the
bushel hamper, bushel box, or banket.
Is gaining in popularity. A neat and
attractive package of well-graded pota
will bring a good price at almost
any time, even when the market la
overstocked with inferior goods.
Sweet potatoes, when shipped during
the winter, should be protected from
the cold. When a potato becomes
chilled Its quality is impaired and de
cay soon follows. In cold weather the
package should be covered with paper
and the cars heated, in order to pre
vent chilling the potatoes. Some ship
pers report that it pays to line their
baskets and barrels with paper.
mall Amount of Potassium Perman
ganate in Drinking Water*
Is Quits Satisfactory.
If any birds in the flock develop
folds, put as much potassium perman
ganate as will remain on the surface
of a dime into a gallon\ water and
keep this mixture in their drinking wa
ter for several days, or until the symp
toms of the colds have disappeared.
Remove any sick birds from the flock
as soon as they are noted and treat
them in coops by themselves, or kill
and bury them if they are not worth
Mites and Lice Frequently Sap Vitality
of HensPrevent by Thor
ough Disinfection.
Mites and lice frequently sap the W
tallty of the fowl and prevent growth
or lessen the egg production. A thor
ough cleaning of the house, regular ap
plications of disinfectants to the roosts
and nests, and a frequent dusting of
the fowls will control these pests.
Can Be Used to Increase Fertility of
Sell and Ought to Be Carefully
Stored Away*
No matter how small the flock of
poultry the droppings should be care
fully saved, stored and either used as
fertilizer for plants or disposed of te
who can so use them to fes*
the fertility of fee sell,
Natural Earth Makes Better Floor
Than Concrete or Brick.
Care Exercised In Making Frame
Square and Plumb Will Enable
Builder to Get Structure Tight
With Little Labor.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
The size of the storage room should
be determined by the space available
and the amount of material to be
Stored. Natural earth mrikes a better
fleer than concrete or brick, as a cer
tain amount of moisture is desirable.
She walls of the storage room should
be parallel to the walls of the cellar.
tay 2 by 4-Inch scantling flat on the
User and secure them witfi pegs driven
into the fleer or by nailing them to the
top of short posts set la the ground.
Set 2 by 4-inch studding from thjs sill
te the celling, spacing them 16 Inches
apart from center to center. locate
the deer of the storage room at, the
most convenient point, making it large
Floor plan of a storage room in a cor
ner of a basement. The arrangement
of Oie shelving and bins may be
changed to suit conditions. While
the construction of the wall may be
varied, it must be tight,
enough to admit barrels, boxes, etc., a
good size being 2% feet wide by W
feet high. Set the studs en either side
of the door 82 inches apart, which will
allow for the doer and the frame. Put
a header over the door, allowing one
inch for the frame and seven-eighths
of an inch for the sill at the bottom.
Set the studs against file walls where
the cellar walls and storage room walls
meet Care exercised In making the
frame square and plumb will enable
the builder to get the structure tight
wrth a minimum of labor. A good
room Is made by covering the studding
on the outside with tongne-and-groove
material, but abetter way is to sheathe
the outside with plain lumber, tack
building paper en this, and side with
tongue-and^greove material. This con
struction in connection with lath and
plaster or wall board on the inside
nufkes an excellent room.
Animal Can Harvest Various Crops In
More Efficient Manner Than Tran
stent Farm Hand.
'(Prepared by the TJnJIgd. States Depart
ment of Agriculiune.)
Practically every farmer can plant
and ctatlvate a larger acreage than he
can harvest.
When the harvest season comes he
Is overworked.
Also, he has to depend on transient
labor which, many times, is bother
seme and unreliable.
And, after all, a considerable portion
of the crop may have to goto waste be
cause It cannot he gathered in time.
The hog, helped out by cattle and
sheep, when practicable, is an excel
lent labor equaliser.
He. harvests the corn crop more effi
ciently than the transient farm hand
can be expected to do Itand dees net
have to be superintended Jy the owner
of the farm.
Re is equally efficient In harvesting
rye, or clover, or alfalfa, or soy beans,
or cow pens.
When the fanner makes use of the
co-operative quality of the hog he has
mere time for essential tasks, more
time te Idbk out Cor bis own health
and happiness and that of his family,
makes more money on the year's) op
erations, and has better ground for the
next year's crops.
The farm that depends on transient
laborers as harvesters is likely fe grew
nearer year by year. The farm that
sees bogs as harvesters is certain te
grew more fertile with every crop.
Also Advisable to Use It Liberally for
Bedding as It Absorbs
Liquid Manure.
Straw is too valuable to be allowed
te remain unused. Fresh eat straw, as
well as wheat straw, can be used as a
roughage in wintering stock. It is also
advisable to use It laterally as bedding
for farm animals as It adds to their
comfort and absorbs the liquid part of
the manure, which Is the most vain
able portion.
When Rain Washes Over Dried Crop
Hay Loses Mere Than One
Half of Its Value.
Tests conducted at the Ohio expert
anest station In curing alfalfa and de
arer hay show that when rain
ever the dried crop the bay loses
sjsjsj one-half of Its value, dot tie
leacbiif of the rate water.
Don't let that bad back make you
oldl Get back your health and keep
it. You can detect kidney weakness
in its early stages, from the morning
lameness, dull backache, dizzy spella,
nervousness and kidney irregularities.
Taken early, a short treatment with
Doavf* Kidney Pills will usually
correct it. Neglect may lead to more
serious trouble, gravel, dropsy or
Bright's disease. Doan'B have helped
A Minnesota Case
George Davis, 218
W. Thirteenth St.,
N., Falrbault,
Minn., says: "At
times Intense
pains went
through the small
of my back and In
to my loins. I de
cided to try Doan's
Kidney Fills and
to a short time re
ceived a perma-
nent cure for all
those ailments, for
I have no back
ache and my kid
neys have never
shown any signs of disorder since."
GetDean'sat Aa* Store. 60ca Bos
DOAN'S 5aa
rorrauaTLBURN co. BUFFALO, H.Y.
Makes 9 Out off 10
People Suffer
Doctors declare that more than TO non
organic diseases can be traced to Acid
Btornach. Startlnjr with Indigestion, heart
burn, belching, food-repeating, bloat, soar.
Casey stomach, the entire system eventually
becomes affected, every vital organ Buffering
In some degree or other. Ton see these vic
tims of Acid-Stomach everywherepeople
who are subject to nervousness, headache,
insomnia, biliousnesspeople who suffer from
rheumatism, lumbago, sciatica and aches and
pains all over the body. It Is safe to say
that about 9 people out of SO suffer to soma
intent from Acid-Stomach.
If you suffer from stomach trouble or,
iven If you do not feel any stomach distress,
ret are weak and ailing, feel tired and
Iragged out, lack "pep" and enthusiasm and
know that something ts wrong although ypn
sannot locate the exact cause of your trou
bleyou naturally want to get back your
rrlp on health aa quickly as possible. Then
take EATONKX the wonderful modern rem
idy that brings quick relief from pains of
Indigestion, belching, gassy bloat, etc. Keep.
ou stomach strong, clean and sweet. Sea
your general health !mproves-*-how
gulckly the old-time vim, vigor and vitality
comes backI
Get a big BOc boa of BATONIC from your
Irugglst today. It la guaranteed to please
rou"if you are not satisfied your druggist
fe-ui refund your money.
CkvYevSrin Wt^Caticwa
cum 2S. Sample each
free of "Caticjsra,
ForS Color and
toCraraad FededHelr.
aadjCfcat dratrUM.
feet, sjMkes walking *&. Me. by nail or at Drug
gists. Hiaeex Cbosakal Works, facoaocu*. X. T.
Badly Handicapped.
Much against Bob's wishes, his fox
terrier's tail was shortened. Not Ions
after this operation Jip, like all other
playful dogs, was trying to catch hie
tail, but It couldn't be done.
Bob, watching him, said sorrow
fully: "Poor Jip, if they'd left the tall
you was borned with you could catch
it all right"
Lift off Corns!
Doesn't hurt a bit and Freezono
costs only a few cents.
With your fingers 1 Ton can lift off
any hard corn, soft corn, or corn be
tween the toes, and the hard skin cat*
(uses front bottom of feet.
A tiny bottle of "Freesone" costs
little at any drug store apply a few
drops upon the corn or callus. In
stantly It atone hurting, then shortly
yon lift that bothersome corn or callus
right off, root and all, without one bit
of pain or soreness. Truly I No hum
The word "Hlghgate" is derived
from a gate erected over 400 years
ago to receive tolls for the bishop of
London. At one time all travelers
who tarried at Hlgbgate taverns were
required to take an oath never to eat
brown bread while they could get
A man may be poor and proud, bet
who ever heard of a man's being rich
and humble?
Mornin W
eepVbur Ey
aen i
an -Cla.r- Hone*

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