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Justice and Fair Dealing for every Indian who desires to beoome a good Citizen. THE TOMAHAWK. Official Organ of the Minnesota Chippewas. 60S H. BEAUUEU, Fowler. Edited by THE TOMAHAWK PUB. CO, White Earth Agency, Minnesota. SUBSCRIPTS: SI .10 FEB TEAR II AOIIICl Eniereeai the Postofflce at White Earth, Minn., aa mail matter of the Minnesota's "War for Health", which is being climtxed this Fall by an intensive campaign to raise $250,000 through the sale of Red Cross Christmas Seals, is to be directed by a "general staff" of thirty-four of the state's promin ent men and women citizeus. The intensive campaign to sell Minnesota's allotment of Red Cross Christmas Seals will be con ducted from December 1st to 10th. State Auditor Preus, State Treas urer Rines and Adjutant General Rhinow, the board named to distribute the soldiers' bonus have organized and their troubles "have commenced. The first line of grief was the weeding out of incompe tents from about 500 applicants for clerical positions, but this line of trouble is not a marker to what is to come. The board hopes to be able to meet some of the claims by Christmas. The State Highway Association, recently organized to boost the good roads constitutional amend ment is cleaning house Its mem bers are weeding out the growing tendency toward extravagance iu its expenditures. The association recently incorporated with the state and from now on its financial activities will be under the clone scrutiny of aboard of audit. The association to date has done mag nificent work in arousing the state the need of better and perman ent roads, county after county has been enrolled in the movement and those concerned intend that it hall so continue. Only the un forseen can head off the passage of the good roads constitutional amendment. True there is some opposition, but it is of a character not regarded as harmful. In the country the press is giving the amendment unqualified support. They say that boose is coming back to its own for a short period and in anticipation of the brief time it will be on earth in a legal way the attorney general's office is being floded with inquiries re garding the licensing of its sale.* Interpreting the bone dry law passed by the last legislature. At torney General Hilton is inclined to hold that all liquor licenses in the state expired with the enact ment of the federal act fordidding the sale of intoxicants until the war is completed and the army demobilized. This means the issue of new licenses and accord ingly many applications for li censes nave been received by the licensing authorities in the popu lation centers. In St. Paul alone over 200 applications have been filed. In Minneapolis the number is greater. Word received by saloon keepers generally is that the ban will be lifted the latter part of the month. Many whole salers are taking orders for Octo ber delivery. Indians Propose Legal War on U.S. to Escape Bonds of Ward System. BREACH OF FAITH IN ALLEGED. MINNESOTA Chippewas Bring lodictient Against Reservation Agencies Say Stats Is Held Back. Waging of legal war against a branch of tne United States gov ernment was determined on at the closing meeting of the Society of American Indians in Minneapolis October 4th. Five attorneys were named to go before congress and demand abolition of the Indian bureau. Resolutions to this effect were passed unanimously By the 150 delegates present To the general charges of in efficiency and exploiting the res ervation Indians, the convention added a specific indictment based on the experience of the Minneso ta Chippewas. The government is accused of failing to keep faith under its agreement of January. 14, 1889, when by the Kelson set, the Indians ceded to the United States all their lards on 10 reser vations in Minnesota, except enough for allotments on the Red Lake and White Earth reserva tions. The resolutions adopted cite this agreement, under which the government was to sell the ceded land at $1.25 an acre, and place this and the proceeds of air timber sales in a fund bearing interest for 50 years, three-fourths of the in terest to be paid annually to the Indiansand one-fourth to maintain Indian schools. In violation of the agreement, the Indians charge: No allotments have been made from the 500,000 acres in Red Lake reservation. Timber on the ceded lands has been set apart as forest reserves without compensaiing the Indians for it, including 200,000 acres in Cass, Beltrami and Itasca counties, and a large reserve an the Red Lake reservation in Beltrami and Clearwater counties. The Leech Lake, Fond du Lac and Grand Portage reservations, though ceded under the Nelson act, are still occupied and main tained as reservations. Heavy appropriations from the Indian trust funds have been made for 30 years to maintain six agencies among the Chippewas, on the assumption that the 12,000 Indians are "incompetent and in capable of managing their own affairs," while 90 per cent are as capable of roacagingtheir property as the white people of Minnesota. Agents and employees have kept crative employment for them Ives by preventing development of a large part of Minnesota, pre veuting extension of the state's public school system to the Indians, have used $75,000 a year in main taining "boarding schools," con trary to the agreement, have pre vented eetablishment of new towns, and "have held practically the en tire membership of the Chippewa tribe in a state of bondage." The resolutions were supported in fiery addresses attacking the Indian bureau as a cause of stegea tiun and degradation among In dians on reservations all over the country. Full rights of citizen ship, it was held, should be ex tended to the Indiana. Scenes their ancestors took part in were reproduced in the form of a pageant, "Conspiracy of Pon- tiac," by 50 Indiana at the Audi 4 i THE TOMAHAWK OFFICIAL ORGAN O TH^MINNESOTA CHIPPEWAS. Truth Favor." 3* VoL XVII. White Earth, Becker County, Ml Thursday, October 16, 1919. No. 26. SB toriurn. The pageant was written by Dr. Charles Eastman. Dr. Eastman played the role of Chief Pontiac Dr. Carlos Montezuma was the Indian medicine man. Nell .Oouchois, a Sioux, gave a recalistic dagger dance, and each of the 50 members of the cast, from small Julia Pero to the 80 year old "Grandma Otherd," entered into the general dance of victory with real Indian spirit. Rev. R. J. Clarkson of the* Yankton Sioux spoke in his native language through an interpreter. He told his people's story a parable, which iathe.Icdian,s fav orite way of expressing himself. "My brothers," he said, "there was a farmer who had a cow and calf, and every day the farmer would milk this cow and drive the calf away. The calf became very hungry, for the farmer fed hitu only skimmed milk while he drank the cream and became very fat. So it is with us. The cream has been taken away from us by the agency and we are growing poorer each day, like the calf. We must have citizenship." D. R. Morrison of the Chippe was saiJ: We cannot expect to gain our cause until each and every white man and Indian has a per fect understanding of the position of the American Indian." "I get a little money when 1 make howl around the door," said" Simon Kasiquote, chief of the Pottawattomies, by means of an interpreter.Minneapolis Journal. Citizenship for tin In dian. In the Minneapolis Tribune of October 3rd, appears a communi cation from one Rev. Axel Lunde berg, in which he objects to the views taken by a correspondent of the Tribune in regard to full citi zenship for American Indians. The Rev. Lundeberg is evidently a true friend of the Indian and when he says that citizenship should be granted to all American Indians, he no doubt knows whereof be speaks. Rev. Lundeberg'8 communica tion to the Tribune follows: To the Editor of The Tribune: One of your correspondents ob jects to the Indian's claim to the full privilege of American citizen ship. He think3 that the Indian ought to be satisfied with status quo. I beg to differ from this writer. I know from personal experience and acquaintance with educated Indians that this race as a whole suffers very deeply from the pressure of the present situa tion of the Indian question. A young Indian, graduate of two colleges, one in the United States and one in Paris, told me that while he had studied law and was fully qualified to practice this vo cation still he could not get ad mitted to bar as he was not a citi zen. He added that bis applies tion for citizenship had been pend ing for 12 years. "Any uneduca ted foreigner," be said, "who has spent five years in this country can become a citizen. Why shouldn't I, a native American, with a good education and full knowledge of American institu tions*" I feel fully assured that if a vote could be taken fully 99 per cent of the American people would gladly accord full and com plete citizenship to every Indian now living within the borders of the United States. Why not do full justice to the still surviving few aborigines of this continent! During the week of October 20-27 there will be a nation-wide campaign to secure funds for the purpose of establishing a memorial to Theodore Roosevelt. It is the plan to give every American an opportunity to con tribute to the memorial, and the week will be devoted to campaign of Americanism, patriotism and the teachings of the principles for which the Colonel stood during his lifetime. Forerathers Had No Luxuries. People who complain because tlir-.j cannot get some of the little luxuries they used to enjoy before the vni might do well to remember that their forefathers lived without sugar till the fourteenth century, without coal till the fourteenth, without butter on tbeir bread'W the fifteenth, without to bacco and potatoes till the sixteenth, without ten, coffee and soap till the seventeenth, without umbrellas nnd Simps.till the eighteenth, and without .trains, telegrams, telephones, gas.end "machines till the nineteenth. ii MINN ESQ! A H1STORK SOG1E SALE OF SCHOOL AND OTHER STATE LANDS. State of Minnesota State Auditor's Office. St. Paul, Minn., Sept. 27.9119. Notice is hereby given that on Nov. 5, 1919, at 10 o'clock a. m., in the office of the county auditor, at Detroit, BeckeV county, in the State of Minne sota, 1 will offer for sale certain un sold state lands and also those state lands which have reverted to the state by reason of the nonpayment of interest. Terms of Sale: Fifteen per cent of the purchase price is payable to the County Treas urer at the time of sale. The unpaid balance is payable at any time in whole or in part within forty years from the date of sale, interest rate of four percent per annum,due on June 1st, of each year provided, that the interest can be paid at any time with in the interest year without penalty. In effect, this means thai the interest money may be paid any time between June first and May thirty-first with out penalty. The appraised value of timber, when so stated, must be paid iu full at the time of sale. All mineral rights are reserved to the State by the laws of the State. All lands are sold subject to any and all ditch taxes thereon. Lands on which the interest has become delinquent may be redeemed at any time up to the hour of sale, or before resale, to the actual purchaser. Such lands arc listed under the cap tion: "Delinquent Lands." No person can purchase more than 320 acres of land, provided, however, that State lands purchased previous to 1905, are not charged against such purchaser. Agents acting for purchasers mtist furnish affidavit of authority. A ppraisers' reports showing quality and kind of soil are on tile in this office. Lists giving legal descriptions of lands to DC offered may be obtained of the State Auditor or the Immigra tion Commissioner at St. Paul, and of the County Auditor at the county eat. J. A. O. PREUS, State Auditor. Now is the time subscription. When you want the best White Earth, Published in behalf of, and to secure the welfare of the Indiansofthe United States. to pay that In Groceries, Dry Goods, Winter Clothing, Footwear, etc., call on us. i We're right here every day in the year (except Sunday) to supply you3 with any and everything you may need in THE BEST AND PUREST GROCERIESIN THE MARKET. The B. L. Fairbanks Company, In Probate Court. Order Limiting Time to File Claims And For Hearing Thereon. State of Minnesota. County of Becker In Probate Court. In The Matter of the Estate of Fred Casebeer, Decedent. Letters of administration this day having been granted to Joseph H. Casebeer IT IS ORDERED, That the. time within which all creditors of the above named decedent mty present claims against his estate in this court, be, and the same hereby is. limited to six months from and after the date hereof and that MonUa}', the 20th day of April, 1920, at 10 o'clock. A. M., in the Probate Court Rooms, at the Court House, in the City of De troit, Minnesota, in said County, be, and the same hereby is, fixed and ap pointed as the time and place for hearing upon and the examination, adjustment and allowance of such claims as shall be presented within the time aforesaid. Let notice hereof be given by the publication of thisorderin The Tom ahawk, a weekly newspaper printed and published at White Earth, Minne sota, as provided by law. Dated Oct. 14th, 1919. E. O. HANSON, (SKAL) Probate Judge. Frank D. Beaulieu. Attorney for Petitioner. WELCOME NEWS FOR LOCAL PEOPLE The simple mixture of buckthorn bark, glycerine, etc., known as Ad ler-i-ka, astonishes local people. Because Adler-i-ka flushes the ali mentary tract COMPLETELY It relieves ANY CASE constipation, sour stomach or gas. It removes such surprising foul matter that a few doses often relieve or prevent appendicitis. A short treatment helps chronic stomach trouble. The INSTANT easy action of Ad'er-1-ka Is astonishing. L. I. HAMILTON, DRUGGIST. Ogema, Minn. IVww%Ww%r%^W^KIM riinnesota.