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The Tomahawk. [volume] (White Earth, Becker County, Minn.) 1903-192?, October 16, 1919, Image 1

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89064695/1919-10-16/ed-1/seq-1/

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second class.
Justice and Fair Dealing for
every Indian who desires to
beoome a good Citizen.
Official Organ of the Minnesota
60S H. BEAUUEU, Fowler.
White Earth Agency, Minnesota.
Eniereeai the Postofflce at White
Earth, Minn., aa mail matter of the
Minnesota's "War for Health",
which is being climtxed this Fall
by an intensive campaign to raise
$250,000 through the sale of Red
Cross Christmas Seals, is to be
directed by a "general staff" of
thirty-four of the state's promin
ent men and women citizeus.
The intensive campaign to sell
Minnesota's allotment of Red
Cross Christmas Seals will be con
ducted from December 1st to 10th.
State Auditor Preus, State Treas
urer Rines and Adjutant General
Rhinow, the board named to
distribute the soldiers' bonus have
organized and their troubles "have
commenced. The first line of grief
was the weeding out of incompe
tents from about 500 applicants
for clerical positions, but this line
of trouble is not a marker to what
is to come. The board hopes to be
able to meet some of the claims by
The State Highway Association,
recently organized to boost the
good roads constitutional amend
ment is cleaning house Its mem
bers are weeding out the growing
tendency toward extravagance iu
its expenditures. The association
recently incorporated with the
state and from now on its financial
activities will be under the clone
scrutiny of aboard of audit. The
association to date has done mag
nificent work in arousing the state
the need of better and perman
ent roads, county after county has
been enrolled in the movement and
those concerned intend that it
hall so continue. Only the un
forseen can head off the passage of
the good roads constitutional
amendment. True there is some
opposition, but it is of a character
not regarded as harmful. In the
country the press is giving the
amendment unqualified support.
They say that boose is coming
back to its own for a short period
and in anticipation of the brief
time it will be on earth in a legal
way the attorney general's office is
being floded with inquiries re
garding the licensing of its
Interpreting the bone dry law
passed by the last legislature. At
torney General Hilton is inclined
to hold that all liquor licenses in
the state expired with the enact
ment of the federal act fordidding
the sale of intoxicants until the
war is completed and the army
demobilized. This means the
issue of new licenses and accord
ingly many applications for li
censes nave been received by the
licensing authorities in the popu
lation centers. In St. Paul alone
over 200 applications have been
filed. In Minneapolis the number
is greater. Word received by
saloon keepers generally is that
the ban will be lifted the latter
part of the month. Many whole
salers are taking orders for Octo
ber delivery.
Indians Propose Legal
War on U.S. to Escape
Bonds of Ward System.
Chippewas Bring lodictient Against
Reservation Agencies Say Stats
Is Held Back.
Waging of legal war against a
branch of tne United States gov
ernment was determined on at the
closing meeting of the Society of
American Indians in Minneapolis
October 4th. Five attorneys were
named to go before congress and
demand abolition of the Indian
bureau. Resolutions to this effect
were passed unanimously By the
150 delegates present
To the general charges of in
efficiency and exploiting the res
ervation Indians, the convention
added a specific indictment based
on the experience of the Minneso
ta Chippewas. The government
is accused of failing to keep faith
under its agreement of January.
14, 1889, when by the Kelson set,
the Indians ceded to the United
States all their lards on 10 reser
vations in Minnesota, except
enough for allotments on the Red
Lake and White Earth reserva
The resolutions adopted cite
this agreement, under which the
government was to sell the ceded
land at $1.25 an acre, and place
this and the proceeds of air timber
sales in a fund bearing interest for
50 years, three-fourths of the in
terest to be paid annually to the
Indiansand one-fourth to maintain
Indian schools. In violation of
the agreement, the Indians charge:
No allotments have been made
from the 500,000 acres in Red
Lake reservation.
Timber on the ceded lands has
been set apart as forest reserves
without compensaiing the Indians
for it, including 200,000 acres in
Cass, Beltrami and Itasca counties,
and a large reserve an the Red
Lake reservation in Beltrami and
Clearwater counties.
The Leech Lake, Fond du Lac
and Grand Portage reservations,
though ceded under the Nelson
act, are still occupied and main
tained as reservations.
Heavy appropriations from the
Indian trust funds have been made
for 30 years to maintain six
agencies among the Chippewas,
on the assumption that the 12,000
Indians are "incompetent and in
capable of managing their own
affairs," while 90 per cent are as
capable of roacagingtheir property
as the white people of Minnesota.
Agents and employees have kept
crative employment for them
Ives by preventing development
of a large part of Minnesota, pre
veuting extension of the state's
public school system to the Indians,
have used $75,000 a year in main
taining "boarding schools," con
trary to the agreement, have pre
vented eetablishment of new towns,
and "have held practically the en
tire membership of the Chippewa
tribe in a state of bondage."
The resolutions were supported
in fiery addresses attacking the
Indian bureau as a cause of stegea
tiun and degradation among In
dians on reservations all over the
country. Full rights of citizen
ship, it was held, should be ex
tended to the Indiana.
Scenes their ancestors took part
in were reproduced in the form of
a pageant, "Conspiracy of Pon-
tiac," by 50 Indiana at the Audi
Truth Favor."
VoL XVII. White Earth, Becker County, Ml Thursday, October 16, 1919. No. 26.
toriurn. The pageant was written
by Dr. Charles Eastman. Dr.
Eastman played the role of Chief
Pontiac Dr. Carlos Montezuma
was the Indian medicine man.
Nell .Oouchois, a Sioux, gave a
recalistic dagger dance, and each
of the 50 members of the cast,
from small Julia Pero to the 80
year old "Grandma Otherd,"
entered into the general dance of
victory with real Indian spirit.
Rev. R. J. Clarkson of the*
Yankton Sioux spoke in his native
language through an interpreter.
He told his people's story a
parable, which iathe.Icdian,s fav
orite way of expressing himself.
"My brothers," he said, "there
was a farmer who had a cow and
calf, and every day the farmer
would milk this cow and drive the
calf away. The calf became very
hungry, for the farmer fed hitu
only skimmed milk while he drank
the cream and became very fat.
So it is with us. The cream has
been taken away from us by the
agency and we are growing poorer
each day, like the calf. We must
have citizenship."
D. R. Morrison of the Chippe
was saiJ:
We cannot expect to
gain our cause until each and every
white man and Indian has a per
fect understanding of the position
of the American Indian."
"I get a little money when 1
make howl around the door," said"
Simon Kasiquote, chief of the
Pottawattomies, by means of an
interpreter.Minneapolis Journal.
Citizenship for tin In
In the Minneapolis Tribune of
October 3rd, appears a communi
cation from one Rev. Axel Lunde
berg, in which he objects to the
views taken by a correspondent of
the Tribune in regard to full citi
zenship for American Indians.
The Rev. Lundeberg is evidently
a true friend of the Indian and
when he says that citizenship
should be granted to all American
Indians, he no doubt knows
whereof be speaks.
Rev. Lundeberg'8 communica
tion to the Tribune follows:
To the Editor of The Tribune:
One of your correspondents ob
jects to the Indian's claim to the
full privilege of American citizen
ship. He think3 that the Indian
ought to be satisfied with status
quo. I beg to differ from this
writer. I know from personal
experience and acquaintance with
educated Indians that this race as a
whole suffers very deeply from
the pressure of the present situa
tion of the Indian question. A
young Indian, graduate of two
colleges, one in the United States
and one in Paris, told me that
while he had studied law and was
fully qualified to practice this vo
cation still he could not get ad
mitted to bar as he was not a citi
zen. He added that bis applies
tion for citizenship had been pend
ing for 12 years. "Any uneduca
ted foreigner," be said, "who has
spent five years in this country
can become a citizen. Why
shouldn't I, a native American,
with a good education and full
knowledge of American institu
tions*" I feel fully assured that
if a vote could be taken fully 99
per cent of the American people
would gladly accord full and com
plete citizenship to every Indian
now living within the borders of
the United States. Why not do
full justice to the still surviving
few aborigines of this continent!
During the week of October
20-27 there will be a nation-wide
campaign to secure funds for the
purpose of establishing a memorial
to Theodore Roosevelt.
It is the plan to give every
American an opportunity to con
tribute to the memorial, and the
week will be devoted to campaign
of Americanism, patriotism and
the teachings of the principles for
which the Colonel stood during his
Forerathers Had No Luxuries.
People who complain because tlir-.j
cannot get some of the little luxuries
they used to enjoy before the vni
might do well to remember that their
forefathers lived without sugar till the
fourteenth century, without coal till
the fourteenth, without butter on tbeir
bread'W the fifteenth, without to
bacco and potatoes till the sixteenth,
without ten, coffee and soap till the
seventeenth, without umbrellas nnd
Simps.till the eighteenth, and without
.trains, telegrams, telephones, gas.end
"machines till the nineteenth.
State of Minnesota
State Auditor's Office.
St. Paul, Minn., Sept. 27.9119.
Notice is hereby given that on Nov.
5, 1919, at 10 o'clock a. m., in the office
of the county auditor, at Detroit,
BeckeV county, in the State of Minne
sota, 1 will offer for sale certain un
sold state lands and also those state
lands which have reverted to the
state by reason of the nonpayment of
Terms of Sale:
Fifteen per cent of the purchase
price is payable to the County Treas
urer at the time of sale. The unpaid
balance is payable at any time in
whole or in part within forty years
from the date of sale, interest rate of
four percent per annum,due on June
1st, of each year provided, that the
interest can be paid at any time with
in the interest year without penalty.
In effect, this means thai the interest
money may be paid any time between
June first and May thirty-first with
out penalty.
The appraised value of timber,
when so stated, must be paid iu full
at the time of sale.
All mineral rights are reserved to
the State by the laws of the State.
All lands are sold subject to any
and all ditch taxes thereon.
Lands on which the interest has
become delinquent may be redeemed
at any time up to the hour of sale, or
before resale, to the actual purchaser.
Such lands arc listed under the cap
tion: "Delinquent Lands."
No person can purchase more than
320 acres of land, provided, however,
that State lands purchased previous
to 1905, are not charged against such
Agents acting for purchasers mtist
furnish affidavit of authority.
A ppraisers' reports showing quality
and kind of soil are on tile in this
Lists giving legal descriptions of
lands to DC offered may be obtained
of the State Auditor or the Immigra
tion Commissioner at St. Paul, and
of the County Auditor at the county
State Auditor.
Now is the time
When you want
the best
White Earth,
Published in behalf of, and
to secure the welfare of the
Indiansofthe United States.
to pay that
In Groceries, Dry Goods, Winter
Clothing, Footwear, etc., call on
i We're right here every day in the year (except Sunday) to supply you3
with any and everything you may need in
The B. L. Fairbanks
In Probate Court.
Order Limiting Time to File Claims
And For Hearing Thereon.
State of Minnesota. County of Becker
In Probate Court.
In The Matter of the Estate of Fred
Casebeer, Decedent.
Letters of administration this day
having been granted to Joseph H.
IT IS ORDERED, That the. time
within which all creditors of the above
named decedent mty present claims
against his estate in this court, be,
and the same hereby is. limited to
six months from and after the date
hereof and that MonUa}', the 20th
day of April, 1920, at 10 o'clock. A.
M., in the Probate Court Rooms, at
the Court House, in the City of De
troit, Minnesota, in said County, be,
and the same hereby is, fixed and ap
pointed as the time and place for
hearing upon and the examination,
adjustment and allowance of such
claims as shall be presented within
the time aforesaid.
Let notice hereof be given by the
publication of thisorderin The Tom
ahawk, a weekly newspaper printed
and published at White Earth, Minne
sota, as provided by law.
Dated Oct. 14th, 1919.
(SKAL) Probate Judge.
Frank D. Beaulieu.
Attorney for Petitioner.
The simple mixture of buckthorn
bark, glycerine, etc., known as Ad
ler-i-ka, astonishes local people.
Because Adler-i-ka flushes the ali
mentary tract COMPLETELY It
relieves ANY CASE constipation,
sour stomach or gas. It removes
such surprising foul matter that a
few doses often relieve or prevent
appendicitis. A short treatment
helps chronic stomach trouble. The
INSTANT easy action of Ad'er-1-ka
Is astonishing.
Ogema, Minn.

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