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Day's Work for Day's Pay," Is Simple
Panacea for Spirit of Labor Unrest
By CHARLES M. SCHWAB
When we get back to the practice of giving an
honest day's work for an honest day's pay, all such
theoretical questions as the high cost of living will
automatically disappear. s*
The engineers of this country have placed this
great country of ours in a pre-eminent position with
everything pertaining to manufacture, matallurgy, and
kindred arts. We are second to none in the work. We
have a great country, which God has endowed with such
riches in coal and natural resources as no other country
in the world but rich as these are viewed by you, the
engineers in the country, there is one thing greater than these resources,
and that is the sturdy character, eneTgy, and integrity of its people, which
will make these great resources of influence in the world's development.
Great as these resources and the energy and integrity of our people,
there is one problem of our engineering that I term today human en-
gineering that is of far more importance than the creation of machines
and methods with which you have been so successful in the past. Of what
value is the skillfully devised machinery, the complex process, unless
.mjmned.and operate4.by people whose heart and soul is in sympathy with
the work which they are doing and who have before them the giving of
a complete day's work for a day's pay?
I am not all in favor of artificial methods to reduce the high cost of
living. There is but one way to do it and that is by economy and secondly
by industry and efficiency, and when we get this throughout our establish-
ments, the high cost of living will by the natural laws of industry adjust
itself to its proper place.
We have won the greatest war, and we must not lose advantage of the
lesson that we have learned by "reason of the war and thai lesson is,
broadly, one that the president proclaimed as the lesson of democracy in
the ordinary sense of the terra, but a democracy that will teach us all that
men are men for what thev are.
Hostel" Plan Is Being Urged to Solve
Vexing United States Maid Problem
By Miss Mary McDowell, Head Resident of University
of Chicago Settlement
"Housekeeping on a business and industrial basis"this is the slo-
gan of household economists who are striving to solve the
The solution, it is the consensus of feminine opinion, is to come from
abroad, in the form of the "hostel."
An interesting experiment is being carried on in England by Lady
Londonderry, who organized the Women's Legion during the war. She
has now undertaken to organize a Legion of Domestic Workers.
Members of the legion will wear the uniform of the order and an
official badge. Each will be qualified and trained for a certain position
and sent out as a specialist who will work by the dayan eight-hour day
or the hour.
There will be a probation period of three months and then work at a
minimum salary. As efficiency increases and the worker becomes expert
in her profession, her salary will be increased.
For each year of service she will receive a service stripe.
The legionaries will live in hostels and may pay for their own
lunches. Accordingly, they will be quite as independent in the kitchen
of a private home as in a factory.
The British Y. W. C. A. has instituted a similar experiment in Lon-
don. A central hotel has been erected as a sort of a club house, and the
maids are distinguished by wearing the blue triangle.
Frenchman Must Pay More Attention
to Physical Development in War
By Prof. Robert Emmett Monroe
I am going back to France to help the French in the devastated
regions, and this is why: The French, with whom I have practically lived
for sir months, have repeatedly told me that they expect another war.
They believe that they will be oppressed again by the same enemy. They
feel that they must fit themselves for such an emergency. How? Well,
they have said to me, these French soldiers: "You Americans were the
better fighterswe were the better soldiers. You were the better fighters
because you Americans were more physically fit. And you Americans have
taught us Frenchmen that we must pay more attention to physical devel-
They are in need of our sympathy. Sometimes I find that our own
Americans do not understand them fully until they are taught to realize
the depth of their sacrifice. The Frenchman does not flaunt it. In fact,
he belittles his troubles and his achievements. He says: "It does one good
to make fun of oneself."
Nation Should Rehabilitate 80,000 Men
Ruined Annually by Their Work
By COL. FRANK BILLINGS
We remove! from civil life an army of millions. We clothed and
fed them and amused them. We took care of them when they wen ill
and when they were disabled through accident or disease we developed
new and remarkably successful methods of rehabilitating them physically
and mentally. We made life hopeful and kindly even for the blind
if they were soldiers. Why not extend this idea to civil life? Why not
recognize the importance of rehabilitating our fallen soldiers of the army
The success of the methods of rehabilitating disabled soldiers under
the supervision of the war department has been so great that I suggest
the initiation of a similar more in industry. The great corporations, the
beat? of great r&iiroads and factories should interest theneelvef in them
THE TOMAHAWK, WHITE EARTH. MINN.
PLUSHES THAT RIVAL FURS
The production of furs appears to
lag a long way behind the demand for
them If on* can judge by prices they
bring today as compared to those of
three or four years ago. In the past
year price and real value appear to
have little relation in fur garments
the most plentiful of pelts, undyed
and undisguised in any way, are. made
up into garments that are as expen
sive as good and substantial furs
ought to be. Really good furs have
soared up and away until they have
passed beyond the horizon for the
woman of modest income. It was in
evitable that plushes should forge
ahead at the same time but in them
real value and price go hand In hand
as they should. Plushes have been
made to Imitate furs very closely in a
group known as fur fabrics and they
are used for all garments that are
made of fur. A good plush is much
to be preferred to a poor fur from al
most any point of view. It is just as
warm, it looks better and wears better.
Furs have been very closely Imitated
In these substantial fabrics,
A short cape-like coatee of moleskin
plush, also a wide scarf of duvetyn
made up with this fur fabric, and a
hat to match, invite consideration as
shown in the picture above. The coatee
does away with sleeves and substitutes
for them pointed pieces that give It
the effect of a cape. There is a full
shawl collar and a belt that slips
through slashes at the back and front
where it fastens with a buckle. This
model has the easy lines of a cape, is
graceful and may be worn slipping off
the shoulders. When its warmth is
needed and it is belted In it sets close
to the figure.
This season has witnessed the return
of long, wide scarfs to favor along
with a great variety of other neck
pieces. Fur fabric and duvetyn are
combined to make the ample scarf pic
tured above long enough to protect the
chest, encfrcle the throat and fall over
the shoulder. The scarf Is the most
easily adjusted of neckpieces and ad
mits of several ingenious arrange
ments. The clever hat to match sug
gests the popular Napoleon shape and
is trimmed with an ornament made of
ostrich flues thaj looks like- a flat
tassel. It has the approved drooping
pose at the side.
SOFT AND STURDY SWEATERS
Soft and sturdy yarns, closely aad
firmly knitted into sweaters and sweat
er coats with little ornamentation and
much warmththese are the outstand
ing style features to this year's prod
ucts. There is a reaction away from
strong contrasts in color, but varia
tions in the weave or Knitting serves
for decoration. Above all the new
sweaters and sweater coats look
warm tr.oir collars take their cue from
those of coats they are ample and
cosy. There is nothing frivolous or
Inconsequential about these new mod
els they are business-like, snug-fit
ting, and neat.
A great many sweaters and sweater
coats are knit with oaps to match.
There are occasional collarless models
provided with a scarf fa a lighter col
or and finished with a fringe of yarn.
Very long sleeves that are rolled back
at the hind, pockets vlnished with a
band in the color of rhi scarf having a
narrow yarn fringe beUw It, and but
tons set close together add dignity to
a handsome sweater of this kind.
There Is a cap to match with a huge
bot flat pompon made of loops of yarn
on the top of it. This is a sweater de
luxe, specially when it Is knit by
The twe models pictured are meant
for good service and entice their wear
ers Into the open air. They are ma
chine kH and made In several eel
era, blue %ad gray bel-us the favoritee,
Very heavy yarns are used for them
and most of them are knit with caps
to match to accompany the sweater,
when skating, tobogganing or other
winter sports engage their wearers.
The sweater coat pictured buttons up
the front with bone buttons and in
provided with patch pockets and a belt
of the knitted material. It has a rolled
collar and depends for ornamentation
and snug fit upon variations In Its
knitting. A border at the bottom,
bands on the pockets and cuffs are all
put in by running the stitches In a
horizontal direction. Worn with a
heavy woolen skirt and a hat this
sweater will- serve for practical wear
on the street In the morning and for
The gray sweater of very heavy
yarn with sailor collar and cap to
match, is meant for sports wear.
Every athletic girl will see Its advan
tages. The new sweaters may be had
in a variety of colors.
Flattens the Hem.
Before hemming napkins by hand
TO* the edges of napkins through the
sewing machine bemmer. It will cm
the hvw straight for (fee hand sewt
|12,000,000 Tunnel for Vehicles and Pedestrians
W YORK.Announcement is made that the contract between the states
New York and New Jersey for the construction of a vehicular tunnel
under the Hudson river, from a point in the vicinity of Canal street. Manhat
tan, to about Twelfth street, Jersey
City, has been signed at the joint office
of the New York state bridge and tun
nel commission and the New Jersey
interstate bridge and tunnel commis
sion. Actual work on the tunnel, It
was said, will be begun In a short time.
Authority to enter into the con
tract by the New York state commis
sion was given in an act of the legis
lature, signed by Governor Smith,
April 11. The tunnel commissions at
once were organized, and an engineer-
ing staff was created, which has been busy since then preparing plans and
The tunnel is to be exclusively for vehicles and pedestrians. No franchise
or right can be given to a public service corporation except with the approval
of the governors and legislatures of both states.
It is estimated that the tunnel will cost $12,000,000.
A schedule of tolls is to be established when the tunnel is finished suffi-
cient to repay to each state within 20 years principal and interest of the
amount advanced for construction. The contract also provides that either
state may submit it to congress for ratification.
Red-Headed "Dan Cupid" Leads Man to Happiness
oLTtr TvnThat the excuse for exorbitant prices for foodstuffs and
o^'nec^smS of Ufe ta rLsy is being Illustrated in this little city in a
^tLtTshowing up the true buying power of a dollar in such a
manner that is snowing up fashion that Brazil is getting some na
tion-wide publicity, while the residents
of the city are benefiting from the
existing state of affairs.
Competition between rival grocers
and proprietors of meat markets is
largely responsible for beating down
the cost of living here and it Is con
tended that one can buy provisions In
Brazil cheaper than in almost any
city of its size to the entire country.
Farmers have been bringing their
apples and pears to the city to sell for
$1.50 a bushel, while sorghum has been oa the market here at $1 a salton
fine strained honey has been selling at 25 cents a pound, the latter aiding
materially during the recent sugar famine, which was on here as to other
about everything in the line of eatables has been at rock-bottom
prices recently, the following are a few of the prices that Pvailed, an
argument that somebody Is profiteering in other cities where higher prices
Boiling beef, pound, 5 cents young roast beef, 81-3 cents beefsteak, 10
cents veal chops, 25 cents veal stew, 20 cents hamburger, 10 cents sausage,
12% cents mutton chops, 22% cents best breakfast bacon, 34 cents hams^35
cents porterhouse steaks, 18 cents potatoes, bushel, $1*0 Kansas flour,
sack, 24 pounds, $1.35 pears, bushel, $1.50 pure lard, No. 5 paU,, J1.35 pork
chops, pound, 33 cents pork steak. 30 cents coal delivered, ton (bituminous^
S3J25: best block coal, delivered, $4.40 cabbage, 10 pounds, 40 cents bread,
standard loaf, 9 cents toilet soap (l¢ cake), 5 cents UTOdry soap, 5
cents rent, modem five-room house, $20 children's shoes,9 to 12 sizes, $1*8
to $2.69 women's shoes, $2.48 to $4.98 men's dress shoes, $2.98 tti $4.98.
Low prices here are not due to low wages. Girls at the furniture factory
are making from $18 to $30 a week and male labor is correspondingly higher.
Chicago Mil Wagon Drivers "Make" $80 a Week
need to speculate longer upon the ^^^f^T*^*^
lordly milkman in Chicago. He earns $56 a week! Federal **J*
Alschuler, acting as arbiter to the stock yards wage controversy, got the facts
direct from headquarters when G* B.
Fitchie, president of the Milk Wagon
Drivers' association, took the stand to
testify In the labor hearing.
"Drivers to the city are working
on an average wage now of $35 a
week," he declared, "and conraHawlons
bring the weekly pay up to about $56
for men peddling milk to residences.
"Of course the men who drive the
big automobile trucks which deliver
the large consignments to hotels, res
taurants, manufacturers, and the like, ,_,
can make more. Sosae of them make a* high as $80 a ^eea.
Judge Alschaler leaned forward to order to make no sststake on ts
ores. Then he smiled. _.. w- t*
"Do they pay yon a commission for these $80-a-week Jobsr ne aaam*
-By no means." protested the association official. That wouldn't 4a
at alL" _._
The witness did not prove enthusiastic In support ef the yard ertverr con-
tention that their work should he placed on an hourly basis ef pay. He
declared It would not be best for the "craft" to Institute an hourly
bet that an increase in the weekly wage for yard drives should be granted.
Police chiefs in charge of patrolmen to the Chicago yards took a stand
against the watchmen's requests for an eight-hour day and hourly rate of pay.
"If an eight-hour day were instituted to our plant," said Chief E. W. Ehey
of the Swift 4 Co, force, "it would require the hiring of additional men and
would result to the discharge of a number of "box pullers* who are to reality
above the age limit for the work. As tt t* these men can hold down their
Chief L. B. Wisher of the Armour peUce fore* was the tost witness csjfet
upon to outline duties of watchmen betore the beartal was adjourned.
$ in the
Cupid" has a self-appointed helper working behind
th money-order windo in the San Francisco post office. His name is
Dan Slattery, and he's steered at least 20 couples of postal employees along
the rosy road of romance. Dan's a
funny little red-headed Irishman, pos
sessed of a pair of bright blue eyes
that twinkle and a broad mouth that's
continually breaking into a whimsical
grin. AUK ~~r~^^^3RENE'
His specialty is "framing" mar- Wi Vfej^V
riages among post office employees, tf 1 M. \\!Tfir*^.
having them meet one another "by
accident" and later acting as best man
at the wedding.
The minute a new girl joins the
post office staff, Slattery sizes her up
and decides what fellow will do best. The girl is "doomedL- Dan noncha-
lantly drifts into her department some day and asks if she don like to
dance. A smile*-goes around the department
The Eirl says "yes." Then Dan remarks casually:
"I'd like to have you drop around to Slattery's hall next Wednesday night.
"Nobody to go with."
The'man Dan* has chosen is there. Dan introduces them and leaves. The
following Sunday he invites them to visit him at the "lodge," a romantic log
shack in San Geronimo, in lovely Marin county.
As a rule after one Sunday spent at the "lodge" the couple can be left
safely, whereupon Dan goes to work on the next pair.
Indiana Merchants Put Skids Under Ol H. C. L.