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J- Vol. XVII. Justice and Fair Dealing for Very Indian who desires to become a good Citizen* THE TOMAHAWK. Official Organ of the Minnesota .Chippewas. IttS H. BEADUEU, Filaiif. Elltid THE TOMMAWK POB. CO, WWte tartk Ageicy, Mtuesota. SttlSCBIPTIOI: SI PEA TEM I I AIII9CI Rniered at ihe Pps'toOloe at White Earth, Minn., as hiail matterci $he second class. Pleads fer U. S. Indians. Asserts Ratloi Kit to Cw| Oitstate to Agrawstiti. Washington, t. CT^-Thomas G. Bishop of TaaoroV, Wash., woo has been sent here to urge legisla tion relative to Indian affair*, ha issued the following statement: Since the conclusion of the great war, I am satisfied that Congress is impressed with the need of a just and right solution of the many In dun problems now confronting it. That is what I have found. The fault is wholly withip the manage ment of the Indian Bureau. The Indian Bureau has repeatedly recommended to Congress the spending of Indian moneys with the plea to Congress that, "The Indians can, ifJb*y want to, re aort lo the courts for rejtresi^ "Sow is it possible, while diae is non citizen and without a voice in the courts of Americaf It has rented prira/e Indian property at a much lower rate than offered the Indian owner by applicants neighbors. Is has rented tribal and reserve tiooltdfst a lower rate than couldhav* been secured by appli cants on the tracts. It has shown discrimination in masters of leases to financial loss of the Indian. It lias used the Indian* tribal funds for "stock raising," and shown to us in these experiences its utter failing qualities at stock raising by its own reports, jumbled as they are after three yeara' Mex- perimeoting." It has denied us the sacred right of citizenship, a right and privi lege o dear to Americans, by attaching to every bill looking to ward freeing the Indian trom wardship obnoxious tails, provid ing jobs for its pets. It stubbornly objects to Indians visiting resenrstions for the pur pose of social meetings, contrary to American practices in country and city. It has repeatedly domed we thai all-sacred light, our religious be liefs. It has taagbt our young men dishonesty bar repudiating just debts. It has transferred to other agencies unscrupulous sgenta who were found guilty and unt indful of their just duties for waidb thev were receiving salaries, ft ha* been negligent in its duties towards the Indians, its wards, but faithful to its servants, who find excuses for its "system" in Its nefarious workthe ever pro teetaoo ef "Bereswisin." Is has created end built this ma chinery and protects its "efBci eocy" by support of a body known as "iafectors," sometimes called 'inspectors," whose aole\aak is to do "field duty." Whatever that sBosrai. we may surmise. It has created a commission," whose duty it is to "judge the competent from the incompetent" Indians. Holy Gods! To think of Itare they them selves "competently If sowhy are they Working for a salary! Why not enter into business for themselves) Are they to look into the same glass and judge by themselves the qualifications for applicantsf With, all seriousness, it's enough to make one laugh, were it not so ruinous to the In dian's interest. With friends and people of mine, about six years ago, in the west ern district of the state of Wash ington, we took upon ourselves the study of a practical solution of the "Indian problem." We thenas many d now with thousands of our people, be lieve the oversight of Indian jus tice lay in the fact that either our members of Congress or all the United States senators and representatives lacked interest in our affairs and cared less for the integrity of the government with the first Americans. During 1916 I was sent by my people, to Washington, D. O., for the purpose of studying the situ ation and to Iearu if possible the real cause of the indifferences to the Indian's human rights. After four months, work, I returned home. Again in January, 1918, I came back to the nation's capital to con tinue the work previously begun. My stay has covered a period of 19 months. Now I am ready to submit to my people a report, copy of which I place in your bids. My report would oe very short did it toll of things aocompliehed, tioncj, -aey Uemwflug oppression mpch greater than ever T^e report is mainly my observations and convictions eiuoc coming to Washington to learn if possible the way toV solu tion of the Indian's nonertty under the United States constitution. The wardship idea for the In dian, which started with earnest friends, now has been utilized by a huge political machine, ajo perpetuator to the army of 9,000 employees. It is the Indian bo reau, always seeking first its own interests, recommends to Congress such legislation as it approves. I am satisfied with what I have seen that every member of our state in both the Senate and House of Representatives stands for just and equitable legislation for In dians. In this there is not the slightest doubt. The cause of the Indian troubles is the lndisn bureau. It must preserve itself. It must declare Indians incompetent or else declare itself out of existence. Each year it recommends that so called "In dian Appropriation Bill." It should be called "Indian Bureau Appropriation Bill," as it seems to many of us who know the inside workings of this bureau system. Thus year by year, (be Indians are supposed to be more educated, the Indian bureau instead of de creasing itself hat been increasing its members, from a few hundred to the present army of 9,000 and the appropriations from a few million dollars to $15 000,000. It is strange that Congress looks to this self centered bureaucracy for recommendatiooa on legislation for Indiana It is my belief that when the Aroencse public gat thoroughly aroused on the Indian question, it will have telling effect on Ooogreas as a whole, The Indian bureau hue supplant, ed law with "rules and regula tions'' and superceded laws with personal judgments and opinions. These "oflce rules and regula tkms" are obnoxious in the ex treme to the Indian's welfare. Is this not enough to arouse us OFFICIAL ORGAN O T-fi? MINNESOTA CHIPPEWAS. 'truth beftre Favor." to a sense of our duty! Is it not time to call a bait? Do you uot think it time to raise our voices in protest! Since so many/ If our brothers, sons and sires served so faithfully in the war, do you not think it our sacred duty to inform and our thousands of white friends the\troe situation, and at least assist in a prompt and just solution of these Indian problems! Do you not think it is time to stop serving die enemy by inaction I The time is at hand. We must' act. We must unite and each of us share a-portion of that personal work for the benefit of the cause of the Indian. The time is ripe. The day is at hand Thousands of oar friend* of the dominant race are asking what they can or may. do for our cause. They are asking for a so lution. Can we not give it? der tainly we can. Who knows better what it is to be an Indian than the Indian himself Who know bet ter and can'interpret the needs White Earth, Becker County, Minnesota, Thursday, December 4, 1919, those Indians than- they tbem^f Vul^10u,d A BAD PRACTICE, Thanksgiving Day brought to our notice the fsct that there are certain residents of White Earth who are very active in their efforts to keep the old factional feeling aiive here, notably the fact that there were no less than three or f$u different "Dinners" being rved here on that day by pat-tins who styled themselves "full moods" and "mixed-bloods", and we are hot referring to the dinners given by the different churches. This is a practice that should be Stopped at once. There shouiJ be no such discrimination brought up as mixed-blood*" or "full-bloods", as a matter of fact it is well known that a large number of these self styled full- bloods are in reality mixed-bloods snd their actions in this respect have already cost the Chippewa people in the neighbor ood of six or seven millionb dol-, selves-who can have analyze* ^be Chippewa people are all who can have ana and expressed the woes, the needs and the anperations of their race111 We have a great campaign be fore us. We have a just duty to perform. We who have had the bitter experience in these prob lems owe it to ourselves, to our people and to the great human cause* to bare the situation in its true light, regardless of whom it may hit or sting, or"^the incon veniences it may cause to our selves. 1 We owe it to the hundreds of prisoners on the Indian reServa- dreamed of, and akin to that atrocity we so willingly went "over there" to defeat, spilling onr blood that true democracy may live among men. i Let us get together and by united effort insist upon our recog nition and protection by laws un der the constitution of American. From Tacoma Ledger Bureau. Hold Meeting at Bemidji, Pursuant to order of the Secre tary, the Legislative Committee, General Council, Minnesota Chip pewas, held a meeting last Friday at Bemidji, Minn., at which it was a/ranged to have Mr. John Arteu, member of the Legislative Com mittee from Cloquet, Minn., pro ceed at once to Washington for the purpose of keeping a close watch on Chippewa matters until such time as they will be brought before the Indian* Committees of Congress, when the other mem bers of the Legislative Committee will follow Mr. Arten to the na tion's capital and devote their efforta toward securing the passage of the Knutson Bill, introduced early in this session of Congress by Representative Harold Knutson, and recently published in full in THI TOMAHAWK. This bill covers practically all legislation necessary for a final settlement of Minnesota Chippewa matters. When Visiting Fargo EAT AT Pearl's Lunch 127 IMA IfAT. Just 4 doors north of Ford Building. It Fargo, N. 49. 7 iB,ew striving to attain the same end, that the Chippewas in Minnesota \White Earth and elsewhereare on the same footing and are at present engaged in a determined fight to free themselves from Gov ernment control and Indian Bureau dominance and this practice of certain persons styling themselves as "fall-bloods" and drawing apart from the great majority only tends to increase the fsctional feeling and prolong the fight. The Minnesota Chippewas, through their General Council, are snaking a desperate effort to throw off the yoke of Indian Bu- the best reauism and government wardship and become self-respecting, law abiding citizens of the State and of the Nation, and to this end they should receive the hearty support of every member of the Chippewa tribe in Minnesota. In the future we hope the residents of the village will co operate with each other in their efforts to serve the public and not enter into these festivities with that spirit of antagoniism which only causes il! feeling and pro longs the race for that goal for which the Indians have been striv ing these msny long years, and for which thousands of their young men fought, bled and died on the battle fields of France, namely freedom, world democracy, self determination and citizenship. Subscribe for TUB TOMAHAWK and get all the reservation news. $1.50 per year-in advance. AMERICAN RED CROS3 ^^iiiVV.V^^-'^ In Groceries, Dry Goods, Winter Clothing, Footwear, etc, call on us. We're right here every day in the year (except Sunday) to supply you with any and everything you may need in THE BEST AND PUREST GROCERIES IN THE MARKET. B. L. Fairbanks Company, White Earth, flinnesbta. Published in behalf of, and to secure the welfare of the Indians of the United States. 3= /VJ. 4 JHM- 33. S^ortest^ Railroad. You have heard of shortest railroads before. Always'they're the most, ab breviated ever. But off-hand .one, would grant the prize to Missoula, Mont. It has a railroad only 100 feet long. It connects the Northern Pacific with the C. M. & St. P., and is used as a transfer. It has no equipment, no employes, and no stations, yet the company that owns It gets 50 cents for every car that passes over Its rails. Sixteen thousand have done so thus far. Think of itPopular Science Monthly. The Society 0 AMERICAN INDIANS. A NATIONAL ORGANIZATION OF AMERICANS^ OrgMMUtm ml Omlm Stmt* Umivtmltv. APRIL. \t$ll. MEMBERSHIP $2 ActiveIncluding Magazine, annually. Junior ActiveIndians under'21 years of age. Including Maga zine, $1.50 annually. Without Magazine, 50c annually. Application for membership should be made to the Secretary-Treasur er, Society of American Indians, 707 20th Street, Washington, D. C. Information regarding the Society will be cheerfully furnish ed upon inquiry to the Secretary Treasurer, Washington, D. C. THOMAS I* SLOA.N, President, 322 Mses. Bldg. Sioux City, Iowa.