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The Tomahawk. [volume] (White Earth, Becker County, Minn.) 1903-192?, December 18, 1919, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89064695/1919-12-18/ed-1/seq-1/

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Justice and Fair Dealing for
every Indian who desires to
become a good Citizen.
Vol. XVII.
Official Organ of the
White Earth Agency, Minnesota,
Eniered at the Postofflce at White
Earth, Minn., as mail matter or trie
second class.
Memories of the painted savage,
plumed with the full head dress of
war, the echo of his war cry and
the whine of tne flying arrow were
brought back recently when the
skull and bones of tjwo Indians
were unearthed at an excavation
pit at Bryant and Concord streets
St Paul, The skeletons, found
lying facexlownward in the gravel,
are believed to be those of the
Sioux Indians who were killed in
battles with the Chippewas and the
white men nearly half a century
There are vague rumors aflont
to the effect that Franklin Ells
worth has about decided to pass
up his gubernatorial nominations
tnd devote his time to perpetua
ting his congressional connections
at Washington, but such is with
out verification from the Blue
Uarth county man. If Congress
man 'Ettsworth, who is an avowed
.advocate of a tonnage tax, does
not get out such will reduce the
accepted Republican gubernatorial
eligible list to Secretary of State
Scbmahl, M. J. Dowling and
Thomas Frankbon. who has already
filed. Both Mr. Schmahl and Mr.
Dowling are busy adding to their
following, while Mr. Ellsworth
is doing little in that line. This
fact probably accounts for the
withdrawal rumor.
The press of the state, principal
ly the country publisher is facing
acrisisina growing scarcity of
print papr, not to mention a sky
ward leap in the price of every,
thing used in his profession. The
latter he can' partially overcome
by au increase in price of what he
has to sell, for example, an ad
vance in subscription to $2 a year
which dpes- not anywhere near
cover the advance in the price of
paper, but he is truly up against it
in the matter of a paper shortage.
The situation is So serious that
temporary suspension of i publica
tion faces some publishers, and
quite a number are contemplating
a reduction in the size of their
papers. The Morris Tribune
offers a unique reason for the
shortage in print paper. Its editor
holds the excess profits tax re
sponsible. Hundreds and tbous
ands of the great, industrial cor
porations, the Tribuue editor says,
have found that they havesto spend
more money for expenses or pay a
profits tax and accordingly they
have been putting the excess in
advertising space. Inconsequence
the advertising pages of the aver
age publication have doubled many
times and the drain on the paper
manufacturers is beyond capacity
Some of the articles advertised,
not to mention the abuse in the
way of space, are beyond the com
prehension of the average person,
so there must be something to
what the Morris publisher claims.
The Republican gubernatorial
ice has oeen broken. To use a stock' it to soldiers from that
phrase, Thomas Frankson of St.
Paul tossed
Minnesota ^a8
hisshat intto weff and i ready meet all
comers. Who's next is now in or
der, but it is hardly likely that the acres for an even $1,000,- and let it
others will be heard from before go on long time payments, at that.
the 6rstof the year. They include
Julius A. Schmahl of Redwood paid $2,600 for his farm of the
county, M. J. Dowling, Renville same size
county, Franklin Ellsworth of
Blue Earth county and a Nonpar
tisan Leaguer. Contrary to the
usual order of things Lieut. Gov
ernor Franksonthat is his official
just nowdid not accompany
his filing with any statement as to
platform or detail of campaign,
but LodeLobdill of Spring Valley
who. it is said, will do toe man
agerial act for the St. Paul man,
stated that such was in preparation
and would be given the public
about the first of the year. Mr.
Lobdill was confident that Lieut
Governor Frankson still retained
hie original views in the matter of
the infliction of a tonnage tax and
that he was in the game to the
finish. ,'And," added Mr. Lob
dill, "Tom will be a winner."
Further enlightenment by the
Spring Valley manager was to the
effect that the lieutenant governor
had arranged for headquarters in
the St. Francis Hotel in St. Paul,
that additional headquarters would
be opened in Minneapolis and pos
sibly in every congressional dis
trict in the state and that his rivals
would not be permitted to forget
the fact that the lieutenant govern
or was in the game. Relative to
his statement that Mr. Frankson
would be in the race to the finish
Mr. Lobdill gave no further in
formation. The only inference
possible wm -that Mr: Franfcsori
wa9 not to be considered in the
matter of a talked of elimination
convention. The primaries would
be his goal.
Sale of Sioux Indian
Lands Adds Over $1,-
000,0000 to Tribe
The Rosebud Sioux Indians of
South Dakota recently sold $1,
080,000 worth of their reservation
to individual white people. It was
the largest sale of Indian lands the
United States government ever
held and in the three days of the
sale more than 40,000 acres of the
reservation passed into the posses
sion of the white people. The
lands were located in Todd, Mel
lettee, Tripp, Lyman and Gregory
counties, and constituted that por
tion of the reservation which is
not needed for the use of the
Sioux themselves. The $1,000,000
will'be used by the government
for the benefit of the tribe.
This portion of the country was
once alluded tb as "the great
American desert." One-half sec
tion of the "desert," near the town
of Coloroe, sold for $18,000.
Defenders of "Poor Lo" used to
write and talk about how the Rose
bud Sioux had been placed on a
reservation where the land was so
poor they couldn't even raise a
fuss. They used to say that
twenty acres of the land was re
quired for a single steer to graze
upon They used to say the In
dians could not possibly produce
enough on their land to feed them
selver. And recently the entire
40,000 acres brought an average
price of $25 per acre.
The state of South Dakota tried
to purchase 10,000 acres of the
land for the purpose of presenting state who
'Truth before Favor."
were in the big war. But the
the state
could not afford to buy.
Mr. Her Horse Sick sold his 160
the ring price was too high and
But Mr. White Calf Badmarx was
Smoking Woman, another maa,
had 160 acres that was appraised
by the government as being worbl
only $800, but the actual selling
The list of the. property sold
contains some of the proudest
names in the Sioux nation. Re
gardless of the smiles which come
to the face of the white man whew
he sees these names, each means
something^in the lira of the In
dian. The red man didn't inherit
his name from "bis father. He go$
it for himself. Sometimes the
name was given the baby as the
result of the first object to meet
the eyes of the medicine man after
the advent of the pappoose. Later
in life another name was given,,
denoting a very important event
in the bearer of the name.
Here are* some names wbicb.
would have delighted the writers
of the Indian stories of a genera
tion ago. They were all taken
from the list of farm-owners[whose
properties were sold by the gov
ernment, and each name is signifi
cant among the Indians:
Charging Eagle, Hollow Bear,
Yellow Tooth, Red Tomahawk,
Cloth Face, Owns the Sword,'
Medicine Face Woman, Wants
Plenty, Takes Her Leggips Off,
Blue*Horse, Martha Red Wood
pecker, Little Woman Red Horse,
Red Goose, Bird Necklace, Hedwig
Sees Red, etc.
Whep that million dollar, fund
is distributed among the Rosebud
Sioux there's going to be "big
doings" on the reservation.Ex.
While we are not conversant
with the manner or policies fol
lowed by the United States Gov
ernment its dealings with the
Rosebud Sioux, we venture to
predict that if it in any way re
sembles the "rules and regula
tions" that are in use in adminis
tering the affairs of the Minnesota
Chippewas, there will be very
little of the one million dollars re
ceived from the sale of their lands
actually distributed among the
Indians, but that the bulk of the
proceeds will no doubt be used by
the Indian Bureau in the payment
of fat salaries to their hirelings
among the Sioux people.
The Growth of Insanity.
Statistics serve to show a steady
Increase In the number of the insane.
The most reliable statistics known 'to
us, these taken in Massachusetts,
show that in that state the number
of insane in the asylums is Increasing
from 250 to 3W a year, which Is a
much larger proportionate increase
than that of the sane population. Re
ports from other states show similar
results. Some of the more generally
accented causes of the increase of In
sanity are given a* follows: The over
tension of modern life, brought on
by the keen struggle for life the con
gestion and excitement of city life,
and the fact that insanity Is becomlnf
more and more an Incurable disease
White Earth, Becker County, Minnesota, Thursday, December 18, 1919.
We Must Stick Together,
We are gratified to know that
the Indians and the friends of the
Indians are coming together and
understand each other more
thoroughly on what to do for the
best interests of the Indians. It
will not help the Indians to stand
apart when it is our duty to
strengthen our forces by working
price was nearly three times tfaat^
harmony. If you are a genuine
()f th
stand by the Indiansn.S Therle iwsi
half way about it jis the old In
dian beliefthat your are either a
friend or a foe. You cannot bo a
friend and a foe at the same time.
If you are Interested in the In
dian as a man, and you are his
friend, duty to man demands that
you help free him from the shack
les that bind him to doom. If you
are interested in Indian art, and
you are a friend of the Indians,
you* duty demands tint you cut
the cordon knot that binds him in
bondage and. dispair. If you are
interested 'In Indian music and
folklore, and yqu are a friend of
the Indians, that friendship binds
you to come to his aid and free
him, that he may develop and be
come a factor in the world. If
you are interested in his soul as a
missionary and you are brother to
the Indian, God demands that you
be just to the Indian. Let the In
dian live as you do. He is not
different from all mankind.v He is
flesh and blood a* you are. You
may call him "Indian," but that
does not make his soul different.
He still has the same flesh and
blood as yon. You are free and
he is not. Your duty to the -'In-
dians is to see that they are free.
You enjoy the rights and privileges
of American citizenship and the
Indian, who was here before you,
does not. Your duty as a Christ
ian is to bestow unto the Indian
the same rights and privileges
that you enjoy as an American
Original Wedding Service.
Au old-time resident of the pleasant
3ity of Madison relates a story that ha*
a.flavor of originality. One of the early
judges of Madison, Dawson Blackraore,
w:ws called upon shortly after his elec
tion to perform a marriage ceremony
at a private residence. The notice wae
brief and the judge prepared for the
event by studying the marriage cere*
ninny in the Methodist book of disci-
p.i'ue. Fearing to trust to his memory,
he placed the book in his pocket to re
fer to if necessary. When the bridal
party appeared before him he had for
gotten every word of the ceremony,
and feeling in his coat pocket for Mie
book il was gone. A local wag bad
removed it But the judge as equal
to the occasion. Assuiiungan unusual
degree of judicial dignity ho said:
"Hold up your right hands! you and
each of you do solemnly swear you
will perform the duties of husband and
wife to the best of your abilities, so
ftolp you God.P I pronounce you man
uiu wife." Journal.
Rev. C. E. Kline writes to the
Central Christum Advocate that three
years ago the parsonage at Emmets
burg, Icwa, was struck by lightning,
uid he was hit in the breast by a large
piece of plastering knocked from the
veiling. Instantly after being struck
he saw "a great multitude of the most
beautiful children running toward him
tnd waving their hands and shouting
greetings of joy." He felt no pair,
whatever and wondered where be was.
Soon be came to himself :md found his
wife and children weeping over him,
thinking he was dead. He was not
teriously hurt. He says that hv jdiall
down to his grav:* believing thai
at night ho entered Heaven.
When you want
the best
White Earth,
In Groceries, Dry Goods, Winter
Clothing, Footwear, etc., call} on
We're right here every day in the year (except Sunday) to supply you
with any and everything you may need in
B. L. Fairbanks
Published in behalf of, and
to secure the welfare of the
Indiansofthe United States.
Make the Moft of Pleasure.
Few young people make as much as
they should of smell pleasures. For
many years the stundnrds of eijoy
ment have been undergoing a c* ng
and there Is a tendency to think that
we cannot have a good time that does
not cost money. A girl's education is
far'from complete till she has learned
to enjoy herself simply and without
any money expense.Pennsylvania
Advertise in The
it brings results.
The Society
[Orir*fl//ed at Ohio State University.
APRIL. 1911.
ActiveIncluding Magazine, $2
Junior ActiveIndiana under 21
years of age. Including Maga
zine, $1.50 annually. Without
Magazine, 50c* annually.
Application for membership should
be made to the Secretary-Treasur
er, Society of Amoncan Indians,
707 20th Street, Washington, D.
C. Information regarding the
Society will be cheerfully furnish
ed upon inquiry to the Secretary
Treasurer, Washington, D. C.
322 Mass. Bldg.'
Sioux City, Iowa.
wmmmn ti wi
ISo. 35.

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