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The Tomahawk. [volume] (White Earth, Becker County, Minn.) 1903-192?, December 25, 1919, Image 1

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89064695/1919-12-25/ed-1/seq-1/

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Justice and Fair Dealing for
every Indian who desires to
become a good Citizen.
Vol. XVII.
the Minnesota
Official Organ of
White Earth Agency, Minnesota.
Eniered at ihe Postofflce at White
Earth, Minn., as mail matter ot the
second class.
Inclusions and Amendments
Asked by Chippewa Indians.
The Chippewa Indians have re
spectfully requested the inclusion
of the followiug items in the In
dian Appropriation Bill omitted by
the Department in its estimates for
the next fiscal year, and the follow
ing amendments to the items es
timated by the Department:
Amendment No. 1.
At the end of the item appear
ing on page 454 of the Book of
Estimates and reading as follows:
For the support of school or
schools for the Chippewas of the
Mississippi in Minnesota (art. 3,
tra ty of Mar. 19, 1867) $4,000.
add the following:
Provided that all of said appro
priation, together with or.e third
of the funds arising under Section
7 of the Act of Jan. 14, 1889 (25
Stat, at L. 642), and set aside by
said Act of 1889, exclusively for
the ''establishment and mainten
atice of a system of free schools
among said Indians" shall be ex
pended under the direction of the
Secretary of the Interior in aiding
in the establishment and mainten
ance of public schools in connec
tion with, and under the control of,
the public school system of the
State of Minnesata, at places where
such schools are needed for the
proper education of Chippewa
children, under rules and regula
tions to be prescribed by the sec
retary of the Interior.
Proper school facilities for the
Chippewa Indian children are more
important to the Chippewa people
than the entire Indian Service now
being maintain-d by' the Indian
Reference to the explanatory
statement of the expenditure of
this appropriation this fiscal year,
which appears immediately follow
ing the $4,000 item (Book of Es
timates, p. 454) shows that it is
NOT being used for school pur
poses. $3,888.34 of the $4,000 ap
propriated for this yetor is being
expended in salaries of regular
agency employes wholly discon
nected with the school service, un
less it can be claimed that the
"Superintendent" is so connected,
which is true in theory but only
remotely true in fact. The "Sup
erintendent" is the Agent at White
Earth and as such Agent there are
under his jurisdiction three smtlL
day schools located at Pine Point,
Round Lake and Twin Lakes,
claimed to have a total average at
tendance of 91 children. It will
thus be seen that practically not a
dollar of this $4,000 appropriation
"for the support of a school or!
schools for the Chippewas" is be pewae*generas Indian of Minnesota, or-
incr expended for school purposes. ganized in May 1913, and to pay
i the expenses of said general coun-
B.V section of the act of
I 14, 1889 (25 Stat, at L. 642), one-j^
trust fund created-by that act was
set aside to be "devoted exclusive
ly to the establishment and main
tenance of a system of free schools
among said Indians, in their midst
and for their benefit."
The boarding school at White
Earth, which was the largest
boarding or day school maintained
among the Chippewas, became so
unsatisfactory that arrangements
were made this year whereby the
tax payers of Becker county, the
majority of whom are Chippewa
Indians, took Over the schooj and
made it a part of the public school
system of the State. For the first
time the Indian children at and
near White Earth have been afford
ec good school facilities by this
This school had previously -cost,
under departmental control, more
than $25,000 per annum. The ex
penses were paid que of the school
fund of the Indians. Since it has
been transferred to the State and
made a part of the public school
system, the Department has re
fused to allote dollar of the Indian
school fund to aid in its establish
ment and maintenance, notwith
standing a large majority of the
children in attendance are Indian
children and the school is being
supported by taxes paid by their
Indian parents The school fund
arising under section 7 of the act
of January 14, 1889, amounts an
nually to about $75,000. Seven
twelfths of the Chippewa Indians
were allptted on the White Earth
Reservation. They are getting sub
stantially no benefit from the school
fund which is being expended else
where. Additional public schools
are needed throughout the entire
Indian country. They can only be
established at the expense of th
Indian t*x payers. The Chippewa
Indians ask that one-third of their
school fund be used in aiding the
State in establishing and maintain
ing public schools for the benefit
of the Chippewa children.
Amendment No. 2.
That the following item be in
cluded in the Bill:
"The Secretary of the Interior
is hereby authorized to advance to
the executive committee, of the
White Earth Band of Chippewa
Indians in Minnesota the sum of
$1,000, or so much thereof as may
be necessary, to be expended in
the annual celebration of said band
to be held June 14, 1920, out of
the funds belonging to said band."
An item in the identical langu
age of tne above amendment has
been carried jn every Indian Ap
propriation Bill since 1908 (See
Book of Estimates p. 454). The
money comes out of the Indian
fund, and they ask the appropria
tion. Similar appropriations have
heretofore been carefully inquired
into by the committees of the
House and Senate and each time
allowed This celebration is a great
event among the Chippewas and is
participated in by ttfe Indians of
many States, partically the Dako
tas, Wisconsin and neighboring
Sutes. It is in celebration of the
Chippewa settlement at White
Amendment No. 3.
That the following item be in
cluded in the Bill:
"That the sum of $10,000, or so
much thereof as may be necessary,
of the tribal funds of the Chippe
wa Indians of the State of Minne
sota, is hereby appropriated to pay
the expenses of the general council
of said tribe to be held at Bemidji,
Minnesota, beginning July 9tb,
11920, pursuant to the constitution
t.h council of said Chip
\fourth of the interest accruing an- necessary expensesof
boally oa the principal Chippewa' tive commiUee in fi
in looking after the affairs of
triDfN including the actual and
its letfisla-
fisiting Wash
Truth before Favor."
The item as it appears in the Book
of Estimates is the item appearing
in the act of May 18, 1916, and is
only a part of the item carried in
every appropriation bill enacted
since that date. The amendment
submitted is in the identical langu
age of the item appearing in the
act of June 30, 1919, and the two
preceding acts
'Out of this appropriation is paid
all the expenses of holding the
General Council, its delegates to
Washington, of officers and com
mitteemen, of investigating tnb%l(
White Earth, Becker County, H/titmesota, Thursday, December 25, 1919.
ington during the second session e*
the Sixty-sixth Congress said sum
to oe immediately available, aw!
said expenses to be approved
the president and secretary of thS
general council and certifiedyto the
Secretary of the Interior ancr-as
approved and certified to be paid.1'
The Department in the Book of
Estimates page 455 set out what
purports to be the item contained
in the Indian Appropriation Bi'-
approved June 30. 1919, for,' the {.money held under the control
Support of the General Gouneil\the United States."
affair*, and like expenses. Thjfcr incompetents, no such classification
council has accomplished splendid ta*:1ee. made, and today no one
results in the last few years, some
of which may be here memtioned:
It has effected a saving to the
Chippewa Indians of $85,00Q
annually in the appropriations [for1
"support and civilization" and ex
pended by the Department by
demonstrating that the appropria
tions were excessive.
ft has protected the property
rights of a large number of minor
Indian children of which said child
ren were deprived under ruling"*
of the Indian Bureau and the De
partment, saving to said children
property of the value of from
$1,000,000 to $3,000,000.
It has stopped the issuance of
patents to the State of Minnesota
to approximately 700,000 acres of
Indian land and has convinced the
Government officials that patents
already issued to the State for
about 700,000 acres of Indian land
were erroneously issued which will
result in a saving to'the Chippewas
of several million dollars and re
lieve the United States of claims
against it for a like amount.
It has, through the Department,
saved the Chippewa people within
the last year more than $100,000 in
the redemption of U. S. Bonds
bought with their individual funds
needed for their support and edu
It has established and protected
the property rights of hundreds of
the members of the tribe, saving
their property to them in many
It has prepared and submitted
drafts of legislation, which, if con
sidered and acted upon by the
Committees of Congress and Con
gress will conserve the property of
the Chippewas and savejthe United
States millions of dollars in claims
that are now accruing.
It lias greatly improved the
educational facilities of the Chip
pewa people, resulting in untold
benefit to the Indians.
It has aroused a spirit among
the Chippewas resulting in their
individual financial independence
and moral elevation.
Tnis is only a part of what it
has accomplished and it asks this
item in order that its good work
may go forward.
Amendment No. 4.
Page 456, first item, in line 2,
strike out the figures "$100,000"
and insert in lieu thereof the fig
ures "$75,000."
In line 3, after the word "NEC
ESSARY," strike out the words:
"of the principal sum on deposit
to the credit of the Chippewa In
dians in the State of Minnesota,
arising under section 7 of the act
of Jau. 14, 1889, entitled
%An Act
for tne relief and civilization of
the Chippewa Indians in the State
of Minnesota."
In line 7, same item, strike out
the words: "in manner and for
purposes provided for in said Act."
At the end of the item add the
"Provided that no nortion
said amount shall be directly
indirectly used in the support
maintenance of any member
said tribe who is the owner
property or who has lands
The first amendment in line two
reduces the appropriation from
$100,000 to $75,000. The total
membership of the tribe is about
12,000. About 30 per cent of this
membership have left the Indian
country and are engaged in busi
ness and in the professions else
where.^ Notwithstanding the in
sistent request of the General
Council for the past three years
that a classification be made of the
remaining membership of the tribe
so as to determine the number of
When you want
the best
Miite Earth,
knows with cerrainty how many
members of the tribe need any
supervision and protection, ,and if
so, to what extent, at the hands of
the Indian Bureau. From the
bast information obtainable it is
estimated by the officers of the
General Conncil that there are not
to exceed 20 per cent of the 70 per
cent remaining in the Indian coun
try who can possibly be classed as
incompetent to manage their own
affairs. The competent Indians
need no supervision assistance or
control at the hands of the depart
mental agents. Only a sufficient
appropriation enable the De
partment to look after the incom
petent class should be made,-and it
is the opinion of the members of
the General Council that an ap
propriation* of $75,000 will be
ample, particularly if the last por
tion of the amendment is adopted
which will prevent the departmental
officers from rationing, clothing
and supporting Indians out of the
tribal funds where the Indians thus
being supported have property and
individual funds standing to their
individual credit. This condition,
exists today, and as loLg as it is
continued, members of the tribe,
who otherwise would be self-sup
porting, will remain in indolence.
The second and third provisions
of the amendment make the ap
propriation out of the public
treasury and not out of the trust
funds of the Indians. The General
Council insists that Congress has
no lawful right to appropriate a
Dart of the trust funds of the In
dians for the support of the Gov
ernmental agencies in Minnesota.
These agencies were in existence
In Groceries, Dry Goods, Winter
Clothing, Footwear, etc., cah\ on'
We're right here every day in the year (oxoept Sunday) to supply you
with any and everything you may need in,
B. L. Fairbanks
Published in behalf of, and
to secure the we/fare of the
Indians 6f the United States.
The Society
Organized at Ohio State University.
APRIL, 1911.
Including Magazine, [$2
Junior ActiveIndians under 21
years of age. Including Maga
zine, Si.50 annually. Without
Magazine, 50c annually.
Application for membership should
be made to the Secretary-Treasur
er, Society of American Indians,
707 20th Street, Washington, D.
C. Information regarding the
Society wiH' be cheerfully furnish
ed upon inquiry to the Secretary
Treasurer, Washington, D. C.
822 Mass. Bldg.
Sioux City, Iowa
No. 36.
when the Chippewa lndiasu enter
ed into the agreement of 1889 with
the United States under which the
fund was created under an express
trust. The Indians insist that the
trust fund can only be lawfully
expended in conformity with the
express provisions of the trust
creating the fund. By section 7
of the act of January 14, 1889,
which required ratification by the
(Continned on 8th page.)

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