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MARRIAGE 1 OLD AGE.
MttpUals *rttnent to tlae JLorA Case. To THE EDITOB OF THE N. Y. SUN.Per mit me to transfer your million readers to a scene that occurred more than 200 years ago, and yet is as fresh in the classic mind as a theme of yesterday, and carries with it a suggestion upon an event of the present time. The sojene was in ancient Athens, when the victories of Marathon, Salamis, and Platasa had already made the city of Miner va immortal when the warrior-poet Soph ocles, the companion of Pericles, and his tragedies eclipsed those of his master ^s- chylus. Sophocles had reached the age of nearly ninety years, laurelled with undying fame, and one of the wealthiest citizens of Athens, from the public success of his dramatic works, and his many mental prizes in the the Olympian contests. He had two sons, who, envious of their father's wealth and estates, sought to obtain possession of them before the death of their father. There was only one way legally and ithat was, if the accusations were true, to publicly accuse their aged parent of insanity, and have it proved in open court. The sons made the charge the father was duly cited to appear and defend, by counsel or other wise, before the high and final tribunal of Areopagus. The day of trial arrived, yet no counsel appeared, as subsequently upon the trial of Phryne. The sixty silver-bearded judges were seated in the semicircle, the altar fire before them, to swear witnesses, that their evidence should be as pure as the celestial fire from Jupiter. The sons gave their testimony, rather to natural incidents of old age than to any de meatation of the father yet no counsel ap peared for the defense, and the judges were about to pronounce judgment against the parent by default, and by a decree to trans fer the estates to the impatient sons, when, sudden as a flash of light from day-crowned Apollo, appeared before the wondering tri bunal the silver-bearded Sophocles! The judges arose to receive him. He took no notice of his ungrateful sons, but at once took the altar stand, and was sworn as a wit ness in his own behalf, and like St. Paul in aftertime, and on that very spot, pleaded the cause of immortal truth. Sophocles would not condescend to deny the accusation of his sons but, taking from the fold of his classic garment an original manuscript, which he had written and com .pose'd during the two previous years, while his sons were falsely denouncing his insan ity, he oratorically read aloud (for the poets of Athens were also tragedians) his original tragedy of "CEdipus in Colonus," which we now possess. Upon its termination all the judges arose, and by acclamation ac quitted him of the charge of, insanity, and thereupon sentenced the sons to death for filial impiety. Then the poet ceased, and the father pleaded for the life of his sons. For the sake of Sophocles, and at his intercession, the sentence of death was commnted to life exile, and non-inheritance of the parent's property after bis death: and the judges gave him legal power to adopt new heirs, as if new born children to his name and honors. In chapter 1 of the "First Book of the Kings" we read '-Now King David was old and stricken in years, and they covered him with clothes, but he got no heat." Then fol lows the statement, and, of course, advice, that "a fair damsel was sought for the King, and she cherished him," and thereupon he lived years afterwards. Are there not sensi ble men as well as King David, who have fol lowed his sanitary example, and lived many additional years? And why not a Lord of the present day, as those of past time? Again, the King of Israel was rejuvenated, and why not those of lesser dignity? When a widower is resolved to roam again in the garden of matrimony, would he not be fool ish to select a withered flower for his bosom, when he could have for his own one of sweetness and blossomed, and not dead nor dying? It proves his sanity, and not insan ity. Madame Hicks is the very blossomed flower that any sensible gentleman of taste would be proud to possess and those who rail against it are perhaps those fops who, in New York, Paris and London, failed to se cure a party invitation, a flash from her bright eyes, or a smile from her ruby lips. Ah! the old story revived of the fox and the too high hanging fruit "Pooh! I do not care to taste it, because the grapes are sour!" That is, the fox, with all his cunning, could not reach them. When Madam Hicks, of Welsh blood, clever and ambitious, was in London and Paris, the bright star of American beauty and widowhood, followed by many admirers, and the companion du voyage of the Duchess of St. Albans, I then made a prediction, which is now fulfilled, that she would marry a Lord. My prophecy is now nuptially accomp lished It has been asked, as in contempt, can this new husband and wife expect to have any heir from this marriage? Apart from the Scriptural records of such matters, and affirmatively, there are many memorable ex amples in history as if Providence decieed to baffle and punish malignant and ungrateful designers against justice. King Louis XIH., under the influence of Cardinal Eichelieu, had not maritally seen his Queen Anne of Austria, for twenty-one years Overtaken by a storm, and following a promise of atone ment made by Mile. Lafayette of that day, the King remained one night at the palace of the Louvre, and personally presented his respects to the Queen. Result: From that interview was born the Grrand Monarqiie, King Louis XIV., who reigned nearly sixty years over the Kingdom of France. The most memorable caseon record which bears directly, as to probabilities, upon the -subject matter in review, is that of the cele brated Thomas Hoik of HolkhamHall, Eng land. Mount Hecla is covered with snow but the fires within are equally well known. Thomas Hoik, Esq., was a renowned English farmer had large estates and great personal wealth, was a member of parliament, and was regarded by all England as the prince of farmers. He was as good and benevolent as he was was rich and respected. He was dis tantly related to the Dudley family and if the title of the Earl of Leicester should be revived by royal command he would be the heir to that once great name and the title of the period of Quceen Elizabeth, Her gracious Majesty, Victoria I., regarding his excellent character and qualifications for the honor, deemed it her duty, as well as an act of the public approbation, to revive the title, and in his behalf, consequently, he was cre ated by the Queen the Earl of Leicester, and he took his seat in the house of Peers amid great respect and ceremony. The new Earl, however, was a childless widower, and about I "3S&&S ira_5t*S*&K .-_ 80 years of age. The inheritor of the title, after his death, would be bis nephew, who had depended for support and education entirely upon his rich relative, and knowing that, ap parently, he must inherit the title and es tates, had become indifferent and dissipated. Lord Leicester thought to check this beha vior by his nephew's marrying, and thus per petuating the title. His lordship sought an especial interview with him upon that sub ject matter, and, as it is dramatic, I will give the dialogue: EarlMy dear nephew, I have sought this interview for an especial obieot. vrv nea to my heart, and I hope you will consent to my solemn request. NephewWhy, 'pon honor, my dear uncle, I never knew you so serious. -1 shall be hap py to oblige you if I do not disoblige myself. Proceed! EarlLjsten attentively. I am now nearly eighty years of age have been honored by her gracious majesty with the levived title of the Earl of Leicester, but at my advanced age of four score I look to you, my dear nephew, not only to inherit my title, but also my large property. I am ambitious that the title shall exist after my life and even your own. Therefore, I lequest that you marry and without loss of time. NephewGood gracious! I marry at present? Certainly not. What would'they say at the clubs? EarlI do not command, like Sir Anthony Absolute in the comedy but I request, nay, entreat you to leave dissipation and marry, and become worthy of the great honor and estates that await you upon my death, which event, from my great age, cannot be far off in the course of nature. NephewI am sorry, 'pon honor but I must refuse your request. Besides, I have seen no lady yet for that distinguished honor. EarlThere is the excellent daughter of a widow whose husband was my friend. Since his death I have protected them from the ills of poverty. They live on one of my estates, as if their own. The daughter is beautiful, young, good mannered and well educated, of good form and features, healthy and affectionate, and her filial piety equals all. That is the lady I desire you to marry, and she is worthy of being the Countess of Leicester. NephewI certainly shall not marry her. No! no! 'Pon honor, when I marry, it will be in a higher circle of society. There is one thing certain: you cannot deprive me of your title and estates., for I am the only male heir. EarlI did not expect this result fiom you. nephew, when I have always been as a father to you. I am grieved' almost to tears. NephewWell, you need not be so sorrow ful. If you are so anxious for this young la dy to be married into our family, egad why don't you marry her yourself? I am sure you are old enough. Earl (rising, in anger)Many a true word is spoken in jest, and, since you, ungrateful nephew, will not follow my advice as to this marriage, your advice to me shall not be thrown away. I shall not be "at home" un til this day fortnight. So you may go to your clubs, and when you return, expect to hoar some news. Exeunt Eail and nephew. Immediately after the departure of the nephew, the Eail of Leicester drove through his park to the humble residence of the wid ow and daughter, and as usual they both embraced him, and listened to his remarks with amazement. EarlNow sit down, both of you. I have resolved to marry I am eighty years of age, and therefore I have no time to lose. I come, madame, to propose for your good daughterfor myself, and not for my un grateful nephew. I give you twenty-four hours for deliberation. I shall be here to morrow at this hour. If accepted, we shall be married by my chaplain, and in the pres ence of a dozen neighbors as witnesses, and within ten days from the present time. No wordno argument. I hope to be enabled to introduce my nephew to youyou, as Countess of Leicester." On the morrow his Lordship was accepted. The marriage was duly solemnized, and in a few days thereafter, ignorant of the marriage came the laughing nephew. "Well, dear uncle," he said sarcastically, "I suppose, of course, you followed my advice as to the marriage, since I would not follow yours, eh, unole?" EarlYou shall see (touching a bell, and the new bride came into the library.) Nephew, I introduce you to my wife, the Countess of Leicester. Your ladyship can now retire. NephewWell, 'pon honor. But uncle, do you expect to have an heir by this mar riage, and you eighty years of age? EarlThe decree of heaven is often a punishment for ingratitude? This mansion is no longer a home for you (Exit nephew.) To the amazement of all England, before a year expired from the day of the marriage, a son was bom from these nuptials, and he is now the Earl of Leicester! GEOBOB, THE COUNT JOANNES, Of the New York Supreme Court. A Bachelor in a Hotel. From the Chicago Times.] One of the pleasantest things about hotel life is for a bachelor to sleep in a room which communicates, en suite, as it were, with other rooms on its right and left, allowing every sound to reach his ears. Very often the flanking apartments are occupied by married people, with or without children, more frequently the former. The bachelor, having nothing to come home to, prolongs his stay at the saloon, mayhap, until 1 or 2 o'clock in the morning. He reaches his room and attempts to snatch some repose, aided by the narcotic effects of some mid night celery, beer and tobacco. Vain hope. The infant on his right has the colic, and howls murder, while the anxious father, in his night shirt, paces the room and attempts to keep the cherub from yelling too lustily. Then the gentle mother, snug in bed, calls out: "Why, Jeems, how can you handle the poor baby so awkwardly." Whereupon "Jeems" becomes nervous, increases in awk wardness, and the infantile screeching grows in proportion. For two or three hours the hapless bachelor twists and turns, unable to repose, and with the thought that he has to get up at 6 o'clock to go to work staring him in the brain. Finally, the innocent expends his wind, and peace appears to be restored. De lusive lfelief! Hardly has No. 1 quieted down, when infant No. 2, in the room on the left is seized with fixe whooping cough, which awakens the whole family, who begin to chatter in chorus. This continues for an I I l, |U.npi.,..w,C _., hour, perhaps longer, when infant No. 1 wakes up again with a storm in its bowels. He lends his howl to the storm, and the un happy bachelor stops his ears with both pil lows, but the shrill nuisance penetrates his cranium even then. Daylight begins to ap pear before he can fall asleep, and his eyes have been closed only five minutes, when he hears the fiendish watchman knock like a battering-ram at the next door, and sing out, 'SHalf past five o'clock. Time to get up." The bachelor knows that his turn will be next, so, in desperation, he jumps out of bed and dresses. If you see a hollow-eyed, pale looking youth crawling to his work that day, returning from an unsatisfactory din ner, be sure he is some poor devil of a bach elor, boarding in the "family" or top floor of the hotel, where children are allowed to run riot by day, as well as scream fiercely by night. This explains why people read in the advertising columns so many notices of board required in places where there are no children. SEED GRAIN. A Bill Introduced in the Legislature on tlie 30th--How the Seed i^, to be Distributed- Also ?ow it is to be Paid For--A Tax Lev ied on Each Applicant. A bill for an act to furnish and distribute seed grain to sufferers fiom grasshopper ravages. Be it enacted by tie Legislature of the State of Minnesota: SECTION 1. It shall be the duty of the county auditor of each county wherein the crops of the year 1877 was partially or whol ly destroyed by grasshoppers and before the 15th day of February, A. D. 1878, to give notice to the respective town clerks in the different towns of said county, to post no tices immediately, in at least three of the most public places in each town, to all per sons wishing to avail themselves of the ben efits of this act, to meet at the town clerk's office in the town or at the county auditor's office in the county in which the applicant resides, and file with said town clerk or county auditor on or before the the first day of March, A. D. 1878, an application duly subscribed and sworn to before the said town clerk or county auditor, which appli cation shall be attested by at least two wit nesses said application shall contain a true statement of the number of acres the appli cant has plowed and prepared for seeding how many acres the applicant intends to have plowed and piepaied for seeding, before seeding time: how many bushels are necessary, and of what kind of giain, to seed the giound so prepaitd, or to be prepared as aforesaid that said applicants crop was in the year 1877, entirely destroyed by grasshoppers, or if only partially destroyed, how many bushels the applicant harvested in the year 1877 of each kind of grain or that the applicant was detered from planting his other ground in the year 1877, on account of the deposit of grasshopper eggs also what amount of seed grain and of what kind the applicant desires to borrow from the State that the applicant has not and is unable to piocure the necessary seed grain also that the ap plicant desires the same for seed grain, and for no other purpose, and that the applicant will not sell or dispose of the same nor any part thereof. Said applications shall also contain a true and full description of all real and personal property owned by the appli cant and whether incumbent or otherwise, and also the government subdivisions or subdivisions upon which the party intends to sow said seed grain. SEC. 2. The town clerk of each town shall on or before the first day of March, A. D. 1878, foiward said applications to the county auditor of the proper county, and said applications shall be filed in the said county auditor's office, and be open to pub lic inspection, and no applicant shall be en titled to, or receive any of the benefits of this act unless on or before the first day of March, A. D., 1878, the applicant shall have made and filed with the town clerk of the town, or county auditor of the county in which the applicant resides, the application as required and in the manner and form mentioned va. section 1 of the act. SEC. 3. The Board of County Commis sioners of each county so devastated by grass hoppers, shall be and are hereby constituted and appointed a board of examination and adjustment of the applications for seed grain, and it shall be the duty of said board to meet at the County Auditor's office on the fifth day of March A. D. 1878, to examine and consider separately each application as provided in section 1 of this act, and to de decide who are entitled to the benefits herein mentioned and the amount thereof, and said board shall, on or befoie the seventh day of March A. D. 1878, forward to the Governor a statement, giving the number of appli cants, the number of acres prepared, or to be prepared, and number of bushels of each kind of seed grain needed in the county, and said statement shall contain only such appli cations as have been approved by said board, and shall be signed by the chairman of said board, and certified to by the County Au ditor. SEO. 4. The Governor, upon the receipt of the statements as provided in section 3 of this act, shall purchase seed grain with the amount appropriated for such purpose, or such sum thereof as may be necessary to equal the amount of all said statements/and if the amount applied for shall exceed -the appropriations for such purpose, then the said seed grain shall be distributed pro-rata. Said distribution to be based upon the amount and number of applicants as contained in each statement. SEO. 5. The Governor shall then inform the county auditor in the different counties, of the amount apportioned to each county, and the number of bushels of the different kinds of seed grain said county under said appointment will be entitled to, and the cost of each kind of seed grain per bushel, and shall transmit the said seed grain to the board of county commissioners of each county, or shall authorize the purchase of the said seed grain in or near the counties where the seed grain is required, in his discretion. SEO. 6. Immediately upon receiving notice from the Governor of the amount appor tioned to each county, tft% Board of County Commissioners shall meet at the County Auditor's office and readjust ,the applications for seed grain, and apportion the amount that has been allowed baid county, among the applicants as provided in section 1 of this act. SEC. 7. The County Auditor of each coun ty, shall at the request of the Chairman of the Board of County Commissioners, issue to each applicant an order for the number of bushels of each kind of seed grain which has been allowed to said applicant Provided, :^t*j5'r^^i'W+^iL w* that said order shall not be issued until said applicant has signed a contract to be attested by the County Auditor wherein said appli cant for, and injeonsideration of bushels of seed grain received from the State, promises to pay to the State of Minntsota, the amount of the cost of said seed grain, that said sum shall be taxable against the real and perso nal property of said applicant, and that said applicant will refund to the State, in the form of a tax to be levied by the Oounty Auditor of the proper county, the same to be collected as taxes against real or personal property are collected by virtue of the laws of this State, and that said sum so levied shall be a first lien upon the crop of grain raised each year, by the person receiving said seed grain, until the said tax is fully paid. SEO. 8. It shall be the duty of the county auditor of each county, to cause to be levied against the property of each person receiving said seed grain, under the provisiens of this act, the total sum due the State by each per son so receiving said seed grain, one-half of the said sum to be levied in each of the two years first following the contract given for said seed grain and all moneys collected by the county treasmer of each county under the provisions of this act, shall be kept sep arate from other State taxes, and paid over to the State Treasurer. SEC. 9. That the contracts as piovided for in Sec. 7 of this act, shall be numbered in consecutive order by the county auditor and filed in his office, and the county auditor shall keep a correct schedule of the same, giving number and name of each applicant, and date of contract. The amount of each kind of seed grain, cost of such kind of seed grain, per bushel, and the total sum due the State, also a description of the land occupied by each of such applicants in a book to be used for that purpose and no other, said book to be open to public inspection and a true copy of said schedule shall be made and signed by the chairman of the board of coun ty commissioners, and certified to by the county auditor and forwarded to the Govern or Provided, That after all applicants foi seed grain are supplied, should there be a surplus, the same shall be sold by direction of the board of county commissioners, and the sum received therefor shall be paid over to the county treasurer, who shell give his receipt, and said sum shall by him be paid over to the State Treasurer. SEC. 10. Upon the filing of said contrac as provided for in section 9 of this act, the State of Minnesota shall acquire a just and valid lien upon the crops of grain raised each year by the person receiving baid seed grain, to the amount of the total sum due the State, as stated in said contj act, as against all creditors, purchasers or mortga gees in good faith, or otherwise, and the said filing of said contract shall be held and con sidered to be full and sufficient notice to all paities of the existence of said lien, which shall continue in force until the tax as pro vided in said contract, is paid. SEC. 11. Whenever the tax as piovided for in each contract filed under the provis ions of this act, is fully paid, the county auditor is fully empowered to cancel such contract, and shall write the word "satisfied" with the date opposite the name of such per son, in the book in which said contracts are entered, and shall deliver up said contract to the person entitled thereto. SEC. 12. Any person or persons who shall sell, transfer, take or carry away, or in any manner dispose of the said seed grain or any part thereot, furnished by the State for seed grain purposes only, or to use the said seed grain for any other purpose than that of sowing or planting his ground, or who shall sell, transfer, take or carry away, or in any manner dispose of the crop, or any part thereof, procured by the sowing or planting of said seed grain, with the intent to de fraud the State, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof, before any justice of the peace, shall pay a fine of not less than ten dollars nor more than one hundred dollars, or be imprisoned in the county jail for a term ot not less than ninety days, and shall pay all costs of prose cution, and whoever, under any of the pro visions of this act shall be found guilty of false swearing, shall suffer the pains and penalties of perjury. SEC. 13. It shall be the duty of the super visors, constables and town clerks and the commissioners, sheriffs and county attor neys of the counties embraced herein, hav ing knowledge of the violation of the pio visions of this act, to make complaint there of to any justice of the peace of the proper county, and said justice shall issue a warrant for the arrest of the offender, and proceed to hear and determine the matter in issue in the same manner as provided in other cases, and every person convicted under the pro visions of this act, shall stand convicted until such fine is paid, provided such im prisonment shall not exceed ninety days. SEC. 14. The County Auditor shall re ceive as compensation for the services im posed on him by this act the sum of ten cents per folio for all work performed by him, to be paid out of the general county fund. SEC. 15. The County Commissioners shall receive as compensation for the services im posed on them by this act, the sum of two dollars per day for each day necessarily oc cupied, to be paid out of the general county fund. SEC. 16. This act shall take effect and be in force from and after its passage. Matrimonialisms. The honeymoon does not shine for all. Mr. Lord. The old Bussian marriage benediction was this: "Here wolf take the lamb." It is with love as with apparitions. Every one talks of it, but few have seen it. Answer i the proposal of the future "Ask sonny."New York World. A Dubuque woman met a slander by hang ing her marriage certificate on a street corner lamp. A gentleman said when a pretty girl trod on his toes, that he had received the stamp of beauty. "Don't you think, husband, that you are apt to believe everything you hear?" "No, madame, not when you talk." When they speak of a Washington widow nowadays, they refer to her as "an alleged widow who would probably marry again." "I can't undertake, wife, to gratify all your whims it would be as much as myjife is worth." "Oh, sir, that is nothing." "How can Heave thee?" said Adam to Eve. She made no reply, but calmly pointed to a fig tree in the distance. He gathered an armful and felt greatly relieved. This was the first re-lief. A lady that would please herself in marry- .$&, '.,s. "JA ing was warned that her intended, although a good sort of a man, was very, singular. "Well," replied the lady, "if he is $r much unlike other men, he is much more likely to be a good husband." Only five female treasury clerks have thus far succeeded in marrying congressmen. [New Haven Journal.} No,' better put it the other way. Only five congressmen have thus far been fortunate enough to marry treasury clerks. The coldest storm wave of the season was experienced by a young man from Syracuse, who escorted an East Borne girl home Sun day night, and was detected, by her father just as he was putting his moustache where it would do har the most good.Borne Sen tinel. "I call you darling," she said, as she leaned her head on his coat cellar. "Show your hand," he returned mechanically. The young miss, not undei-standing his answer, continued to poker head against his chin, and he hove ace high of relief at her uncon sciousness of his mistake.EocMand Cour ier. The Rev. John Brown, of Haddington, was in the habit of proposing, on festive oc casions, a certain young lady as his toast. Having abandoned the practice, he was asked for a reason. "Because, said he, "I have toasted her for sixteen years without making her Brown, and so I've resolved to toast her no more." Becently a minister received a minister's half-fare traveling card, as they are called, and wrote to the superintendent, asking "if he could not embrace his wife also," The superintendent replied that he thought likely he could, but did not want to say positively until he had seen the wife, as he was some what fastidious in his tastes.Denver Tri bune. A Signilicaance of a Billion. It would be curious to know how many of your readers have brought fully home to their inner consciousness Lh" real significance of that little word billion," which we have seen of late so glibly used in your columns. Theie are, indeed, few intellects that can fairly grasp it and digest it as a whole and there are, doubtless, many thousands who cannot appreciate its true worth, even when reduced to fragments for more easy assimila tion. Its arithmetical symbol is simple and without much pietension there are no large figuresjust a modest 1, followed by a dozen cjphers, and that is all. Let us briefly take a glance at it as a meas ure of time, distance and weight. As a measure ot time, I would take one second as the unit, and carry mjself in thought through the lapse of ages back to the first day of the year 1 of our era, remembering that in all those years we have 365 days, and in e^ery day just 8G,400 seconds of time. Hence, in lemming in thought back again to this jear of grace 1878, one might have supposed that a billion of seconds had long since elapsed but this is not so. We have not even passed one-sixteenth ot that number in all these long eventful years, for it takes just 31,687 years, 17 days, 22 hours, 45 minutes, and 5 seconds to constitute a billion of seconds of time. It is no easy matter to bring under the cognizance ot the human eye a billion ob jects of any kind. Let us tiy in imagina tion to arrange this number for inspection, and for this purpose I would select a sov ereign as a familiar object. Let us put one on the ground and pile upon it as many as will reach twenty feet in height: then let us place numbers of similar columns in close contact, forming a straight line, and making a sort of wall twenty feet high, showing on ly the thin edges of the coin. Imagine two such walls running parallel to each other and forming as it were a long street. We must then keep on extending these walls for milesnay, hundreds of milesand still we shall be far short of the required number. And it is not until we have exten ted our imagination street to a distance of 2,386% miles that we shall have presented for inspection our one billion of coins. Or in lieu of this arrangement we may place them flat upon the ground^ forming one continuous line like a golden chain with every link in close contact. But to do this we must pass over land and sea, mountain and valley, desert and plain, crossing the equator, and returning around the southern hemisphere through the trackless ocean, re trace our way again across the equator, then still on and on, until we again arrive at our starting point and when we have thus passed a golden chain around the huge bulk of the earth, we shall be but at the beginning of our task. We must drag this imaginary chain no less than 763 times round the globe. If we can further imagine all these rows of links laid closely side by side, and every one contact with its neighbor, we shall have formed a golden band around the globe just 52 feet 6 inches wide and this will represent- our one billion of coins. Such a chain, if laid in a straight line, would reach a fraction over 18,328,445 miles, the weight of which, if estimated at one-quarter ounce each sover eign, would be 6,975,447 tons, and would re quhe for their transport no less than 2,325 ships, each with a full cargo of 3,000 tons. Even then there would be a residue of 447 tons representing 64,081,920 sovereigns. For a measure of height let us take a much smaller unit as our measuring rod. The thin sheets of paper on which these lines are printed, if laid out flat and firmly pressed together as in a well-bound book, would rep resent a measure of about 1.333d of an inch in thickness. Let us see how high a dense pile formed by a billion of the'se thin paper leaves would reach. We must, in imagina tion, pile them vertically upward, by degrees reaching to the height of our tallest spires and, passing these, the pile must still grow higher, topping the Alps and the Andes and the highest peaks of the Himalayas, and shooting up from thence through the fleecy clouds, pass beyond the confines of our at tenuated atmosphere, and leap up into the blue ether with which the blue universe is filled, standing proudly up far beyond the reach of terrestrial things still pile on your thousands and miUiojusj)^ thin leaves, for we are only beginning to rear the mighty mass. Add millions upon millions of sheets, and thousands of miles on these, and still the number will lack its due amount. Let us pause to look at the neat ploughed edges of the book before us. See iiow closely lie those thin flakes of paper,, how many there are in the mere width of a ,span, and then turn your eyes in imagination upward to our mighty column of accumulated sheets. It now contains its appointed number, and our one billion sheets of tHe i'hftes superimposed upon each other, anctspressedP into a'compact mass, has reached an altitude of 47,348 miles! 1 iv *4 a fJSI^Xjte-*!*1