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Southern Pacific Eailroad.
.Emphatic Condemnation of Subsidies. )'i \MifL 1 tA'lti Wit .I-' Jil-Ja, TJi* Thrty-#conrt Parallel Road can be Constructed without Pledging the i Public Credit. .J 'J -'i7-- vv-^ --'\'fii-'. f'.-i-i :'r :H The Texas and Pacific Railroad. SYNOPSIS OP TW& MINOklTY REPORT. The Pacific Railroad'committee of the House having bjr a vote of seven to six agreed to re port the Texas Pacific Bill favorablytwo or more of the seven expressing their desire to amend it, or defeat it on the floorthe minor ity members Messrs. Morrison, Landers, Lut trell, Blair, Rice and Hewitt have stated their views in a report of which the following are the material portions We are unable to concur in the, views of the majority of. the committee, but desire the adoption by Congress of such measnres as will secure the early construction of a transconti nental'railroad, for the special use and devel ment of the Southern and Southwestern States and territories We believe that this important object can be accomplished with out subsidy from the government, and sub mit the following views and the accompany ing bill for the consideration of the House. THE PBKSENT CONDITION O THE SOUTHERN LINE The Texas and Pacifir Railway company, a corporation of the State of Texas, i the year 1871 was authorized Congress to construct its road and telegraph from Marshall, in East- ern Texas along and near the thirty-second parallel of north latitude, through that State and the Territories of New Mexico and Arizo a San Diego, a small city the Pacific cost, the bay of the same name, supposed to well adapted to commercial purposes, and having a population of 4,000 to 5,000 peo- ple. The distance from Marshall San Diego is estimated at 1,674 miles the authorities of the Texas and Pacific company, -while those of the Southen Prcific company believe it to about 100 miles greater. Failing to meet these provisions, the Texas and Pacific company has obtained by construction and purchase, and has now in operation 443 miles of road, which, enclose a parallelogram in Northeastern Texas, having a base of 183 miles, extending from Marshall to Fort Worth, now the weste rn terminus of the road, which only is a part of the trunk line. The remainder of the 443 miles is so located as to secure the mora valuable lands granted by the State of" Texas, probably because the pecuniary embarass ments of the company were such that its credit was based chiefly upon the granted lands. There is thus remaining of the trunk line between Fort Worth and San Diego a distance of 1,491 miles upon which nothing has been done. Of the ten years allowed by the charter within which to complete th is great work only four remain, and a considerable portion of one of these must elapse before the enactment of the desired legisla tion is possibleSix-tenth of the time has been consumed.' in the construction of less than one eighth of the trunk line and that at the Easterly terminus, in close connection with the great middle system of roads and the central belt of States, rather than with the Southern system of roads and the Southern States. The corporation has fallen thus far short of the performance of its undertaking, although it received from tha State of Texas the munificent grant of the alternate sections of land for forty miles in width along' each 'side of its line, or eighty miles in al^ through the'State'of Texas, and the same from the United States through the Territories and in California, contingent upon its compliance with the conditions of the grant. THE SUBSIDY DESIRED MORE THAN THE BO AD. The credit of the Texas and Pacific company was seriously impaired before the panic of 1873, and un der its influence has still further declined. I ad mits its pecuniary inability, and assigns that as a reason for its failure to comply with the conditions imposed upon it by law. I 1875 it applied to Congress for a subsidy of over $60,000,000, in addition to its land grant of 22,- 528,000 acr es in Texas, and 18,000,000 in .the terri tories, being a money subsidy of twice the probable cost of building and equipping its road. The application failed. I now changes the form rath er than the substance of its request, and asks for a guaranty of interest on $25,000 a mile for the easier, and $40,000 for the heavier portions of the road, amounting in all to ?38,500,000 at five percent, an mually, for fifty years. i The bonds of the government bearing four and a half per cent, interest have recent ly been sold at par in refunding the national debt. I the public faith is kept and its credit unimpaired, the time is not re mote when the government will be able to effect loans at the rat es of three and three and a half per cent., as now paid by England. The difference between the interest on these five per cent. Texas and Pacific bonds for fifty years and the ordinary rat es which the government will have to pay on the same amount for the same time, if invested as it might be by the government for the payment of its own debt, would amount to much more than the cost of the road, so that the government would be far better off to build the road and give it to the Texas and Pacific company outright than to guarantee the interest on its five per cent, fifty-year bonds, according to its request. The total amount of interest guaranteed by the government would if paid into the sinking fund amount to more than $700,090,000 in fifty years, and we are called upon to guarantee the payment of th is snni in addition to the proceeds of the land grant in order to enable the Texas and Pacific company to complete its road. W are opposed to all pecuniary subsidies and guarantees by the government in whatever form for the benefit of railroads at th is time, however desir able their construction. I time- of peace private capital seeking profitable investment will generally promote commercial development quite as fast as is consistent with safety and permanent prosperity. I the men in charge of a meritorious enterprise com mand the confidence of capitalists, or even the too easily won trust of the middle classes, there is no need of calling upon the, nation for subsidies or guarantees. THE SOUTHERN PACIFIC RAILROAD. The Southern Pacific Railroad company is a cor poration of the State of California. This corporation has constructed its road to Fort Yuma, on the easterly bank of the Colorado river, in the southweEte corner of the Territory of Arizona, which it claims to be the authorized point of conneo. tion, with the Texas and Pacific road, a distance of about 720 miles. Its track has been la id through and over extraordinary natural obstacles at the expense of about $60,000,000, and tha 350 miles of its south ern portion passes through a desert and for 164 miles nearest the Colorado without an oasis. This road, built to preserve the charter, is of little value except for its anticipat ed connections'' with the Southern States from which owing to the failu re of the Texas and Pacific company" fo comply with' the requisitions of law, itis now more than 1,200 miles distant. The road & already there with its millions of money invested over a sandy waste, upon the good faith of the government that the Texas and Pacific road 8houly_coii8teucted so as to meet it at the Colorado riveat^O*in,the event of the failure of that corpora tion sdtto do that Congress should take such meas ures as sfeoMft^abfarlfio wnneefwiththe Southern States thaXJuipn..,: posxrifif oajpTHK SOUTHERN PACIFIC COMPANY. The|f)^el Pacific railroad, by. force of the ab solute filSCe'SBlty of its securing Easternaconnections as soon as possib]e,Jn order to preserve its capital, is the oiffyplrtS'which has both the power and the dis position to build this road. The Southern Pacific company interposed no op position to the guarantee asked by the Texas and Pa cific east of the Bio Grandebu contemplating the contingen.es the deni al of guarantee of bonds to the Texas and Pacific company, and the consequent tot al collapse of its undertaking, strongly insisted that justice required that they should not be held in check awaiti ng the result of continued applicatio ns by the Texas and Pacific company for the money or credit of the nation with which to perform what the Southern Pacific was ready to do immediately for the land grant alone. this bill the Texas and Pacific company ob ected. The only argument entitled to weight, in opinion, was that the Southern Pacific, connect with the ocean at San Francisco, and having inti mate business relations with the Central Pacific rail road, might enter into combinations with that cor poration against the public interest, and that the ad vantages of competition and of an occasional con nection at San Diego would then be lost. COMPETITION AND COMBINATION. W believe that any competition between rival par allel lines of railroad for. the same business, which results in a loss to the companies, is sure to end in one of two ways, either in a combination by which the public will lose far mere than it has ever gained from competition, or, on the other hand, in the ruin ous cutting of rat es persisted in until the weaker cor poration is ruined, the public is left to the rapacity of the survivor. There is no real protection to the public but in the enforcement of the law of the land. Competition which takes from corporations just compensation is quite as ruinous as combination which gives them too much. N one can believe that the Texas and Pacific com pany would, after constructing its line to the Pacific ocean, long compete with any rival to its own loss or even so as to produce any reduction of rat es below the maximum to which the public would submito that it would fa il to repair its losses or increase its gains whenever an opportunity might offer. W re peat that nothing but the law and the enforcement of the law by the government, can protect the public against the love of gain which is inherent in human nature. This truth is recognized by the bill of the Texas and Pacific company reported by the majority of the committee, and stringent provisions are therein made to hold that corporation within the bounds of justice and lawver unusual safeguards being provided for in consideration of the fact that the government it self is really required by the bill to furnish the means necessary to build the road and give the projectors an addition??, bonus of $20,000,000 Restrictions and conditions in a charter can be enforced by the ma chinery of the law against one corporation as well as another. WIIO. THE SOUTHERN PACIFIC COMPANY BUILD THE ROAD? W submit that it will work great wrong to the Southern Pacific railroad corporation, to the great South and Southwest, and to the whole country, to reject this bill and to enact the bill recommended by the majority of the committee in the intere st of the Texas and Pacific company, or to reject th is bill un der any circumstances. This measure does not an tagonize, nor did the Southern Pacific railroad antag onize before us any railroad projec t, branch, or con nection east of the Bio Grande. I simply asks to build 600 mies of railroad half way from the Colora do to Fort Worth, the present wester ly terminus of the Texas and Pacific company, and ninety addition al miles in California, to complete the San Diego con nection, without any public aid and subject to all reasonable restrictions in the public interest. True, it desir es the laud grant but we do not recommend it, because we believe that this corporation will build the road without. Should the representatives of that portion of the country chiefly to be benefitted, not by the subsidy but by the road, defeat this measure, it is difficult for to see how they can reasonably expect the rest of the country to consent to burden the tax payer and embarrass our policy with the most dan gerous precedent, which would exhaust the Treasury with hundreds of subsides throughout the unlimited future of the nation. I would seem impossible for any man to justify himself to his constituency and to his country at large in a course which depletes the Treasury when all that is desired is attainable without expense to the people. VIEWS O MESSRS. LUTTRELL.AND BLAIR. Both the act and its amendments required as a condition precedent that the work should be prose cuted simultaneously from the Eastern and Western termini. the act of 1872 there were required to be completed not less than 500 miles on the main line in Texas and not less than 110 milles in Califor nia by May 2,1878, whereas, in fact, less than 200 miles of the main line have been completed Wester ly from the Marshall terminus in Texas, and not one mile or even a foot, from San Diego Easterly. There huB been a marked failure on the part of the oompany to comply with the terms on which the lands and franchises were granted. This contingency of failu re was, by the caution of Congress, forseen and provided for in both Acts, by a proviso that "Upon failu re to so complete it, Congress may adopt such measures as it may deem necessary and proper to secure its speedy completon." I th is attitude of affairs it represents that it would be a great hardship to be compelled to wait indefi nitely upon a disabl ed company for a connecting road from the East, and asks of us the privile ge of con tinuing its road eastward through the Territories to the Bio Grande and as much farther as might be necessary to meet the Texas roads within six years. Such is the desi re for an outlet to the East, which shall admit it to participation in through overland traffic that it offers that if its request be granted to construct a line to San Diego harbor in addition to its present ocean termini, and to prora te on through business with all Eastern connections to San Fran cisco or other points, and to allow Congress to im pose the rates and fares on the line between its East ern and Western termini at Pacific ports, although asking no aid of the United States which it is not its advantage for Congress to grant. This is rather more than it is within the power of the other company to offer. N good and satisfactry reason is found why this proposition should not be promptly and cheer fully accepted. FROM A BUSINESS STANDPOINT. Two propositions are before us looking to that end. One of them, the Texas and Pacific, seess to retain its land grant from the United States, amounting to 18,000,000 acres, to obtain two years' additional time, and a special aud extraordinary grant of the credit of the nation in the form of an endorsement upon $38,750,000 of the company's bonds, pledging it to the payment of five per cent, gold, interest for fifty years. The other, the Southern Pacific, asks only our sanction to continue its road eastwa rd across the ter ritories within the same time, but without any other or further assistance than the contiguous grant lands now at the disposal of Congress. Which of these two propositions as guardians the public intere st can we adopt? Which of these two candidates, as practical business men, ought we to intrust with th is undertaking? W should select the proposition most favorable to the good of the people. I would seem that by the charter the grant of land along the thirty-second parallel line in he territories was made douole that of the pioneer line by the forty-first parallel, as if in lieu of future aid in money or credi t. Were we administering our own private business could we for a moment hesitate between these offers, one of which, besides being an undeserved favor, involves grave responsibilities, dangerous precedent and great risks, whi le the other avoids all commit ments, all doubtful policy, and insures all its proffered benefits within the some time without the risk of a dollar of the people's money or credit? W con ceive we are not here as the almoners of the bo'unty of the government to its citizens or corporations, but as guardians of the public welfare and trustees of its property and credit of the nation, sworn to obey the constitution and protect the best interests of the peo pl e, and in this view we cannot concur in the report of the majority, which proposes to grant a subsidy or guaranty $38,750,000 of the people's money or credit to a corporation. ANTI-SUBSIDY VIEWS O MB. MORRISON. The Texas and Pecific Railroad company seek to obtain the guarantee of the United States for the payment of the interest on $38,750,000 of fifty-year five per cent, bonds, to be issued by said railroad company, and used by it in building and extending its railroad from Fort Worth, in Texas, to the Pacific Ocean at San Diego, in California. The road to be constructed is 1,400 miles in lengthth bonds to be issued amount to $27,678 per milean the interest guaranteed to be paid by the United States, used as a sinking fund and invested in government bonds bearing the same rate of interest, would pay $300,- 000,000 of the public debt. FOWEBOF CONGRESS DOUBTFUL. Msg Has Congress the power to authorize the coveted guarantee? I it has, then power has been conferred upon Congress to make gifts of the public mvneys and public property to private corporations and in dividuals. Has any such power been granted by the Constitution, or is it necessay to the execution of any power that it is granted This railroad, when buil t, will be the private property of the shareholders. I will be a military and post road in the same sense, and to the same extent, and none other, that all other railroads of the country over which the government may trans port its mails, troops, or supplies for reasonable compensation, are.military and post roads. I is submitted that the power has not been conferred upon Congress to make the United States a party in such an enterprise by subscription to its capital stocko more, to authorize the construction of the road out i the resources of the people to be made a gift to the railroad company. The attempt to derive such power, the power to build and give away a railroad from the power to es tablish milita ry and post roads, la in the opinion the undersigned, an attempt to prevent the obvious purpose of a power intended for the public good to private ends. The United 8tates are bound to pro vide for the general defence, but it does not follow that they may construct or operate a railroad for the exclusive benefit of a private corporation, because they may ultimately and in some possible contingency want to use it for a military purpose, any more than they may go into partnership with a stock raiser be cause horses are necessary in war. The United States have power to regulate foreign commerce between the States, but it does not follow that they may indorse the notes of a shipbuilder, or merchant by way of stimulating and encouraging business. The under signed is unable to perceive any distinction i prin ciple between these cases and the demand of the pro jectors of this railroad for a loan of the government credit to the extent of many millions, with which to prosecute private speculation. s'"' i DANGER OF SUBSIDIES. .1* i The railroad company which asks for this enor mous appropriati on of credit presents no claim upon the public which entitles it to exemption from the general rule. The enterprise 1B essentially a private one, and the company has already received from the United States and the State of Texas a sufficient basis of credit to have built the road had its assets been prudently managed. The undersigned is not unmindful of the fact at a later period a different rule of construction prevailed from that which in the earlier days of the republic, and which is now here insisted upon. Undelegated power is necessarily unregulated and unrestrained. Power usurped never was and never will be honestly administered. But it is submitted that this belief affords no suffi cie nt justification for the guarantee and subsidy asked. For were it tendered, as it is not, th ar ths enterprise is essentially ot Southern chaact ei th with which it is attempted to be stamped, reason can be built upon that fact which may not be urged with equal force as a reason why the government should equalize between the lately contending sec tions all the losses resulting from "our unfortunate civil disturbances." RECORD OF THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY. The statement of the majority that the government of the United States in view of the quantity of bonds given to it by Southern States, has been unjust to the South in the bestowal of bounties, is believed to find its refutation in the character of the men who before the war represented that section. They were too sensitive as to the rights of their section to be satis fied with less than what was rightfully theirs. The undersigned is not advised as to how the Texas and Pac ific Railroad company acquired the franchise andright of way by which it is authorized to con stru ct its railroad from Fort Worth to E Paso, in the State of Texas, whether by grant from the State of Texas or by purchase from or consolidation with the Memphis, E Paso, and Pacific Railroad company, under the fourth section of the act of March 3,1871, entitled, A act to incorporate the Texas Pacific Railroad Company, and to aid in the construction of its road for other purposes." I the case of Davis vs. Gray. 16 Wallace, page 203, United States Supreme Court decided that the Memphis, E Paso and Pacific was a surviving cor poration with all its property in possession, and all its faculties unimpaired. This franchise and right of way the company proposes to mortgage to in demnify the government for its guarantee. I be comes a material fact, therefore, to know if it was ever acquired in either of the modes suggested, or otherwis e, and whether it haB been forfeited or lost with the Texas land grant. The undersigned ex presses no opinion on th is question, which was not considered by the committee, but submits that due regard for the interests of the government demands that before any guarantee is made, based in part on a mortgage of the sa id franchise and right of the way, the House should be informed and advised as the title to what is proposed to be mortgaged. Why Wouldn't Karry fler. Mlirryher! by George! I would if it wasn't for tier confounded nonse." "Nose! Ha, ha! What's the matter withhei nose Is it too short, too long, or crooked which? You're too fastidious, young man. A woman my be a charming -wife and have any one of these deformities." It isn't any of them, old fellow. The fact isIlikeKittjlike to look at her and talk with herbut any closer relationship I could not endure. Her nose is to o-d.o-r-o-u-s!" Unfortunate Kitties should use Dr. Sage,s Catarrah Remedy, the wonderful disinfecting properties of which instantly sweeten the breath, destroying all offensive odor. To its mild, soothing, and healing effects the most inveterate cases of catarrah promptly yield. Sold by druggits. Have you Heart Diseaee If so do not neg lect it. Large trees from small seeds grow, aud so the germ of disease once planted will in time assert its strength. Heart Disease is more difficult to subdue than most diseases, consequently you hear it said, the physicians have done all they can, but have they tried Dr. Graves' HEART REGULATOR? This has done wonders when all other remedies have failed, and we are led to pronounce it a decided cure. To substantiate it, we have the testimonials of many who have almost heen snatched from death. Among the many forms of Heart Disease are Palpitation, Enlarg ment, Spasms of the Heart,* Stoppage of the Action of the Heart, Trembling all oyer and about the Heart, Ossification or Bony forma tion of the Heart, Rheumatism, General De bility and Sinking of the Spirits. Send your name to F. E. IKGALLS, Concord, N. H., for a circular containing a list of testimonials of cures &c Dr.'Graves' HEARF REGULATOR is for sale by druggists at 50 cents and $1 per bottle. Mothfrs! Mothers!! Alnt era!!! Don't fail to procure Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup for all diseases incident to the period of teeth ing in children. It lelieves the child from pain, cures wind colic, regulates the bowls, and, by giving relief and health to the child, gives rest to the nijther. It is an old and well-tried remedy. OHEW rhe Celebrated "Matchless" Wood Tag Plug TOBACCO IBB PIONBHB TOBACCO COMPANY, New York. Boston and Chicago. Dnn't no xt. Do not buy yeast powder or baking powder of short weight. A manufacturer that de frauds by short weight will not hesitate to make adulterated goods. You can always re ly on DOOLEY'S YEAST POWDEB being full weight and strictly pure. a a WAR DECLABED.^Veterinary surgeons' all over the contary are fiercely denouncing the parties who put up extra large pockages of worthless trash and sell it for Condition Pow ders. They say that Sheridan's Cavalry Con dition Powders are the only kind now known that are worth carrying home. :"T^ .*w Johnson's Anodyne Liniment is richly worth ten dollars a bottle in certain cases. For in stance, in case of diphtheria, croup and asth ma, when the sufferer is almost dead for want of breath, and something is reauired to act in stantly. It costs only thirty-five cents. "A Farmer's Son or Pan eh for." See Adv't The Great eat Discovery toe Age is"Dr Tobias' celebrated Venetian Liniment! 90yeara before the public, and warranted to cure Diarrhea, Dysentery, Col c, and Spasms, taken internally and Gro-p, Chronic Bheumatiam, Sore Throats, Cats, Bruises, Old Sores and Paine* in the Limbs, Back, aad Cheat, external ly I has never ailed. N family will ever be without it after once giving I a fair trial. Price 4 0 cents. DB. TOBIAS' VENETIAN HOK8E LINIMENT. In Pint Bottles, at One Dollar, is warranted superior to any othe or N O PAT, for the cure of Colic, Cuts, Bruises, Old Sores, eto. Sold by all Druggists. Depotltt Park Place New York. Qaimfoy & Hallowell. CARRIAGE FACTORY, XUtabIlsli4l in 18*7. m'i' gggOld and Heliable. The moat favorably known throughout the State for square dealing. Ail kinds arriag^s, Buggies aad platform Wagooa. Cheapest home in fel ate, Grade Considered. Orders ill promptly attended to. 5*, 54, BoDor* Sre, Atthi seison of the year the human system la liab le to become disordered from the ineffectual efforts of the liver to discharge the excess of biie. If nature ia not assisted in her efforts, severe i ions attack s, or pros trating fevers neceetisarily follow, caus'n?greatsuffe r ing and even death. A little timely precaution, ever, will prevent all ttiis. and may be jund in that favorite household remedy, & S iaUaOS8' L1VSK REGULATOR. 4.1 MU 4iktf fhr ~*S|&3& Rlmmnii's liver Retralfttor has been in use for half a century, and the is not one a ngle instance on reco where it has failed to effeect a cure, when taken in time, according to directions I is without doubt thei greatest Uyer Xedlcine in the worldi per il harmless, being carefully compounded from rare roots and herbs, containing no merou or any injuri ous mneral substanc e. I taes the pi of quinine ann calomel, and has superceded these medicines in places where they have here'of ore been extensively used. Procure a bottle at once from your druggist. not delaygiv it a fair lal.and you will he more than satisfied with the result obtained. CAVTIOH. A there are a number of imita tions offered to t.e pub''o, we 1 would caution tne community to buy no powder or prep* red *~m-. mons' river Regulator, unless in our engraved wrapper, with Trade-Mark, Stamp and sig nature unbroken. None other is genuine. Original and genuine aCANTJTACTDBXD ONLY BX J. H. ZEILIN & CO., PHILADELPHIA. Price. ttl.OO. Sold by all Druawlsta. WHERE an buy a Piano or Organ for the lea st money and on the easiest payments? ANSWER. A Dyer A Howard's, N *9 E Third St., St Paulth oldest ond largest Music House in the Northwest. The Celebrated Imperial Piano, With Sto .1 and Elegant Cover. $275.00. A 825 Cash, and *10 per month. Send for a Cata logue. 5ANUAL-WU0U Possets a much greater power a restoring to healthy state the mnoous membrane of. the urethr than either Cubebs or Copaiba. I never produeec sickness, is certain and speedy in its action. I is fast rapeiseedlng evei7 other remedy. Sixty capsules ~ur In six or eight days. other medicine can do this. Owing to its great sneosss, many substitutes hare been advertised, such as Pastes, Mixtures. Pills, Bal ami, etc., all of which have been abandoned. Dundas Dick & Co.'s Soft Capsules containing Oil of Sandal-wood, told at all drug stores. Ask for circular, or send for one to 35 and 37 Wooster Street, New York. THOMSONS PATENT GLOVE-FITTING CORSETS. The Friendsof this kUNRiVAUEDCORSET 1 amnow numberedby .MILLIONS' TradeMark.aCROWN.are stamped on [ZZ FITS THE FIGUREeveryCorsetaSteel. Fre Sues, Fre Schools Fre Lands,1 A Pamphlet of JEicnty Pages with a fine BBOWN'S BBOMOBIA XI TBOOHXS forcoughs and cold MVVII IU'*""*. COR TOVfiH. SK TJOIII.. Ho. S5toS20 S O par iay at. nun w. Sampm. vrurvu free. 8TXHBOM A Co., Portland. M. dyat home.' Agents wanted. Out ut ana terms free. TBUK A CO., Augusta. Maine. to $12 a week with our popul ar Books,Blhles,Ohr mos A Maps Ooodspeed'sPuh'g House, Chicago $50 AP**SJfl$ hl, mel8 W A TVr C0S8SUM1J1,10A, rricesaramuchraduoM E MEDAL RECEIVED' ENTENNAL" GetAtheC Genuine,I and. beware of imitations. AaKALSO FOR THOMSON'S UNBREAKMIE STEELS. The best goods made. See that the name of THOMSON and the PERFECTLY Homes inMinnesota. FORT S i IIXIOJV bushels MIMLIOM barrels of Flour. worth over *"iftr HilUon Dllr. THUtTY-PrVK SIIXLIOX bushels of Oats, Corn, Bye, Barley. Buckwheat, and Potatoes. woiUi over wniy 9Iilltn lolltra. Fourhun- dradaa1Fivri,OVKIIfCratU.L.!t. Fifteen hun dred and elev en Kun lOfSton-. The tmlEtHfcloui TijUlU Jll'.^iitte!UWorlldetinhtnireu,l The best Water Pow States. On* Hundred and twenty tnoaand Horae Power at 8 Anthony Falls alone. JFIVK HUKKU niLLIOM CKKT of lumber sawed. GMJ2AT It USHfor Choice WHEAT LAN OS. nanarca mies Kavilroad.*- i and every train erowded. Land offices beseiged with throngs of applicants. Wisconsin, Iowa, and Kansas also coming. W invito the world into the EXPIRE STATE HOfATMWieST. Twenty Wive niUlonaeresofiandawaitingsettlement. I finpl A Map nid be sent, post-paid to KVUtV A.PPU- AST everywhere, *v*ry cuunti-y.the wor ld over. Apply to JOHN XV. BO, se'y Btato Board Immigration, wt. Paul. IWlnneaota. TORPID UYER Very few escape this affliction. The symptoms .'.re dizzinesssic headacheeostivenesa belch ing up of foodlosso appetiteaversio to exertion of body or mindhighl colored urineheartburn cold extremities andlow spirits. TAK E TUTTS PILLS Ten years have proven their efficacy i all biliary disorder s. They restore the liver, stomach and kidneys to healthful actiongiv appetite, good di gestion rnd vig oSr tm body and min dll.e 5? P- ipson, Louisvi,Ky. says: "Tutt'a fills are worth their weight i gold.'* Sayre & Co., Druggists say: We sell fifty boxen Tutt'a Villa to fiae of all others." Price,23cents. Office35Murray St,New Yoir. FEVER AMD AGUE. W have tried Fellows'Compound 'Syrup of Hypophospbites for Fever and Ague aith the very best sati* ac tio n. Quinine and other, remedies (failed. Tne Syrup did the wort, ef fectually curing in a short time. O.CASWELL A CO., OBko8h,WIs. 'Ic\n testify to the high therapeu tlcal value of Fellowa' Compound Syrup of Hjpophojpnite a, and consider i deserving of attention by the profession generally. AABON ALWABD, D., Mayor of the city St. John, N Feb. 6.1868. W have no hesitation in recommending Fellows' Hypophoapt ites to our friends as a preparation of un doubted merle. Yours very truly, March, Mm. LYMANS, OLABB A CO., Montreal. Jan, 1872. Cart. Coffll who waa cured UOnaumption iB 1869byFeUoivs' ion.pound yrup of Uy^phusphite Iiersnade me to tr. t-e Fyrup for Bronchiti s, from which I had snfiVxed much. I used only bottle*, and my health is i bett-rthan it has been for tears. W S NELSON, Bridgewate r, N S i taaoWaOo. Ageat-e VontatlOa. SEP. TPBMl^ BrStol, Ot. Sfift week a ywy ewa town. Terms and 9 8 outfit y^ftea. H.HAIJJCTTO*,PortlanaTMatne. GUNSE ?G 1 1 181 A, A .5 FrieeLtetfree. Addrei reat Western Qnn. Works, Pittsburg, Pa. *BWTS will go to the Poorhouse, because they Pea around Goods that won't sell: instead of writi ng to ALMY. St Paul. Minn. $350s, A iioniuAWTS WA-I'.BIUaoueat eUlngartlcleainthewori sample fres Address JAY BBOM8QH. ttatroit, filch. AY 11D A ilC Agentsc-nvassingfoi the Fire- aide Visitor Terms and outfit Free. Ad dress, O. VIiKEBY, Augusta, Maine. *280 only 9*5. PIANOS i O retaNTrtceSolOonlySOS: Great bar gaine. BEATTY.Waehingeon, N CLOCKSACAs. A A aft A A 4 JU.'S Superior in design. Not equaled in quality, or as timekeepers. Ak your Joweler for them. aency CortiandtSt.. N EVERY SOBLDIEKI ouhar'eUuU,*whi have untered a liumesteud of les tuau ltiu acred, are entitled to a claim for the remainder of 160 acres. I pay kigheat cash prices for sock claims. $6 00 paid for informatio entitled. Land Warrants bought. Address, E Cor. 5th and Walnut Streets. Cincinnati, hlt MAN-TOn. O represens,tKCApersonLrBo P"C ri- AGOO svli f_ M21KJ the American Newspaper Tuion lift of Co-operative Newspaptr.-, and canvass for advertissments in this vicinity. a proper person will allow a liberal commission, and advent's a regular weekly payment on account. Addles?, with reference, BEALS A FOTER,tGeneral Agents American News paper Union, No. IU 8pru ce St., New York. $10to $25 A OAV Sullienua Agents selling our Ohromoa. Crayons, Picture and Ctiro Cards. 1*5 Samples, worth 95, sent post-paid, for 8 5 Cent s. Illustrated Catalogue aree. BVradatD'8 BON, RUPTURE11880.d[Establishe.notaoB ured without the injury trusses inflict, without surgi cal ^ration, by Dr. A i-herman'sBemedie at his branch office, 5 -outh 5th St.. 1st..Louis, Mo., where.he w.11 be during the next 4 weeks. Principal office, 258 Broadway, N Book with Photographio likenesses before and after cure, mailed ferlo cent* SWEET ClBiiif Awarded Itighest prize at Centennial Exposition for Dili-/ mic-'iini i is I:IV/OCIJ i=ce that J"rhmn's Best is on every plag... Sold by all dealer*. "Send fnreample, free, to 0 A JACKSON Co., Mfra.. Petersburg. Va. flFARMEE, a Farmer'sSon orDangMer taking orders for five of NFIXIS' HABPOON HOBSK HAT FORKS and Fixtures, will, (in addition to the profits.) receive FREB a complete rig of Nellls' Fork and patent Conveyor, for drpositil'g Hay or Straw in mow or on etnek. AJso man'fr-Nut r-hell Hay Carrier. Pulle ys and GrapplesAgt' Steels, Ne'lis' Cast Tool Steel Castings, (Plow-Hhares fr~ this steel can be welded, workf into chbels or edged tools Ornamen tal foncings for Pubic Grounds, Cemet'ies or Farms, Pamphlets free. A NELLI8 & Co. Pittsburgh. Pa. PIANOS & OiiGftisS A A.jrott*r J'rlcfif. Great Seduction close out prese nt stock of 500 new and second-hand instiuments of five flr*tclass makers, fully warranted and at prices that DEFY (IOMPETITIO N for th is class of instruments. AGBNTS WANTED for WATEK8' SUPERIOR BELL ORGANS and PIANOS. Illustrat Ca logues mailed. H0B4CE WATERS A SONS, Manufacture rs and dealers, 4 0 East 4tli St. N Also General Agents for SHONINGE1SS Celebrated REMITJM ORGANH CAfl BE CDKtD! WTUStO'SA. is a certain remedy for +he OTJBE of CONMUaiPTION and nil diseases of the Lunam and Throat. I invigorates the brain, tones up the system, makes the a strong and is pleasa nt to take. Price One Dol a per bot. at Drugsists, or ee nt by the Proprietor on receipt of price. A pamphlet containing valuable advice to onsumntlv ma ny certifi cates of ACTUAL CUBES, and full directions for using accompanies each bottl or will be sent free to any ad dress. OSCAK UNHAM.Y.N..-treettCortland81.SESOM.G ""PIANOS. Dunham & Sons, Manufacturers, VVarevooms, 1 8 Enst 14th St., [Established 1834.] NEJV YORK. -o-c. onAonabtft. Trr ^mericaPn wspaper DirectoryaA-.vsaE APRIL EDITION NOW READY. 888 pages. Price 60 cents. Free by mail. Contai ns the names and circulations of all newspapers, and a Ga zetteer of the towns in which they are published. Address GEO. ROWJEXL CO.. lO Svrace Street, KwYork. WILBOE'S C0MP0UHD OF PUKE CO LIVES| OIL AHD LIME. tl* Onnnmptlve -WllborVOimpotttld O COD LLVEB On, AND LIME, witho ut possessing the very nauseating flavor of the artlc'e as heretofore used, is endowed by the phosphate of lime with a healing property which renders the oil rioub efiV acious. Re markable testimonials of its efficacy fhown to those who A iro t" soe thm A WrLB^f. ffcemis Boston. THE immm G00D0L MEXICAN MUSTANG LINIMENT. FOR MAN AND BEAST, ZsxaBLXSHXD, S S YXAB SV -t Always cures. iaiwayi ready. Always handy. Has never yet failed. Thirty millions have tested it. The whole world approves the glorious old .Mustangthe Best and Cheape st J,inlmeat in existence. 2 5 cents' a botUe^.TheuMaV tsng Liniment cures when nothing else will.^ -'U- SOLD ALL MEDICINE VETTOERIII BABBITTS TOILET SQAP. Unrivalled for the Toilet and the Bath. BWaaelcial and deceptive odors to cover common and eWetariotu ingredi- ents. After yearsot scientific experiment the manufacturer of B. T. BaUM't Bat Skimp bat perfected adaoweeerstothe onblic The FINEST TOILET SOAP In the Werl*. Onhitk* vtrt*9tgtt*bltmUmt4' iniUmanifaclure. fqr Use In the Nursery it has No Equal. Worth ten times its cost to-er mother and taoniy InCarUtendoen. Sample IMZ, containing 3 cakes of each, seat fre a*V treat on receipt of IS cents. Aidrr B-*rJifiyrbTa,ftea^^.c,te-toaoy St.P.N. U. No. 17. J5F~When writing to Advertisers please say jou saw the Advertisement in this paper. pr