Hat? Him bemettr.
JAS BOBELETETER, Proprietor.
While we are gaining steadily on
Great Britain in the iron ani steel indus
tries, and, thus looking at the matter
comparatively, have a right to feel en
couraged, it is also true, as appears from
tlie report of the American Iron and Steel
Association, that in no othe'r year of the
panic has this trade, suffered so greatly
as in 1877, the average price of pig-iron
for one month in the year being less than
was ever before known, except in coloni
The eclipse of the sun to take place on
the 29th inst. will posses the usual inter
est investing total obscurations of that
body. The line ot total eclipse will ex
tend from Northeastern Asia through
Bering's straits, Alaska, Idaho, Colorado,
New Mexico and Texas to the Gulf of
Mexico at Galveston. The fine moun
tain elevations in Colorado offer unusal
advantages tor observing and studying
the phenomenon, and anangments are
being made by scientific parties to avail
themselves of them.
The oil producing union, which is be
lieved in borne quarteis to hold the bal
ance of power in the coming Pennsylvania
elections, seems to be looking to the ad
vancement of its interests by other means
than those which combination will give
it in politics. It is proposed that all the
oil produced shall be turned over to the
central agency, and only so much put
upon the market as the consumption of
the woild will demand, and for which a
fair price can be obtained. The unused
surplus will constitute a reserve, to be
held until the market can stand it with
out depression. A check on overproduc
tion and an assurance of a paying price
for their product will thus be assured, by
a scheme somewhat similar to that at
tempted by the coal companies, who
were dubbed "conspirators" for their
The stringency in business circles in
this country and the hardest of the times
among our laboring population, however
gevere, are nevertheless in wide contrast
with what is witnessed in other parts of
the world. There has been comparative
ly little absolute suffering for want of
common necessities. The intelligence
from China of the ravages of the famine
is fearful. From a statement in the Liv
erpool Post, based on official reports, it
appears that the number in China requir
ing gratuitous relief does not fall abort of
three or four million souls, equal *o the
entire population of the United States
when its Government was formed. The
roads are lined with corpses in such num
bers as to render their interment impos
sible while women and children, starving
and in rags, know not where to ok for
the means of keeping body and soul to
Can the north pole be found? Dr. Pet
terman, the distinguished German scien
tist, believes that it can. He believes
i that the energy devoted to the task ot
building a railroad over the Rocky
fr Mountains would strip the ice mountains
of the polar sea of half their terrors. He
doesn't believe there is an open polar sea
as Dr. Hayes describes it, but thinks the
sea is more or less covered vsith ice
mountains, which escape from it and float
into warmer waters. If they do not, be
largues that the new formation of ice
each year would cause North America
.and North Europe to retrograde back to
the ice ages. He believes that there is
iland near the pole crusted over or coated
in ice, with ice mountains on its coasts,
and crushing against each other in the
seas about it. This land,,, he believes, is
^inhabited, and the people love their ice
mountains as well as the negroes love
Some interesting information about
the German postal system has been re
ceived at Washington from N.E. Griggs,
our consul at one of the cities of that
country. There were 191 employes in
the general post-office department at
Berlin, in 1875, the post-master-general
receiving $5,735 salary a year, and a
house to live in the director of the post
and the director of the telegraph $3,570,
and the clerks salaries which average
$923. Only twenty-five received over
*-'i -$1,000 a year. In the forty-one chief
I'UI cities the postmasters receive $1,904 per
v annum, except Berlin, where the salary
as $2,500. Telegraph operators receive
#285 to 392 women $214 and letter-car
riers $128 to $275. In the railway ser
vice the superintendent's salary is $.581,
and few employes receive over .$1,000.
fob Section, hands are paid $144 to $174 a
4tn ismairslim'm addition being allowed for
fil-j "Clothing, and in a few cases employes, be-
&u ins furnished houses and. servants. En
ft eineers are paid, $535 fire men $300
nt conductors $444 ticket agents $609 to
$723: and freight masters $571. |^'$
THE WORLD'S DOINGS.
CRIMES ANlt CRIMINALS.
Joseph Mason of Peoria has been ar
rested in Pittsburgh for forging a postal or
James Daly, of Stamford, Vt., killed a
.scissors grinder in a quarrel, about the pay
ment for grinding a couple of razors.
A colored ex-sheriff, of New Orleans,
recently committed suicide by shooting him
selfthrough the head. Cause, drink and loss
There was a row in East St. Louis on
the 23rd inst. Some fifty *hots were fired.
Two were wounded, and- a1
E. J. Oakley, who defaulted as cashier
of the New York Merchant's Exchange Na
tional bank for 130,000 in 1870, who flea to
Canada, was arrested on the 18th inst., and
put in Ludlow street jail. He has been a
wanderer 6ince 1870.
James Toliner, book-keeper of C. H.
Markley & Son, Pittsburgh, has been a-rested
at Buiialo, N. Y., charged with embezzling
$10,000 from his employers. He absconded
on 18th of May, with Annie Berry, of Steuben
ville, Ohio $6,000 of the money was recovered.
On the 23d inst., near Flemina Court
House, Va., Wilson Howehins murdered his
wife, mother-in law and one child and then
killed himself. A son seven years old saw
his brother attack his mother, and snatched
the baby out of the cradle and ran to a place
Peter Bresniham, now confined in Can
ton, N. Y., jail for the murder of Daniel Their
last spring, and who is to be hanged on the
26th inst, confessed the crime July 9th. He
has since made a supplemental confession
stating that he committed three murders
previous to that of Daniel Thiers.
John G. Tappan, ol Boston, Mass., a
hitherto honored, and supposed honorable
business man, Treasurer of the Belting com
pany, has misappropriated to his own use over
$600,000 of the company's money. He has
held the position as treasurer since the organ
ization qt the company, thirty years ago.
Mr3. Sarah Sist, a wealthy young wid
ow living in Nelson county, near Perry's Nutt,
Richmond, Va., on the 21st inst., cut the
throat of a servant woman on her plantation
with a razor, almost severing the head from
the body. Her victim died almost instantly.
After completing this fiendish work the in.
furiated woman directed her attention to the
child of her victim, a girl of seven or eight
years, who was close by. Seizing her she
made quick work of her, cutting her throat
and throwing her body in a mill pond. The
reason for these liendish and brutal murders
can only be explained by the fact that it is
believed that Mrs. Sist was at the time labor
ing under temporary insanity.
girl standing in a
doorway was shot in the head. Whisky is
charged with being the cause of the trouble.
The defalcation of John G. Tappan, of
Boston, treasurer of the Belting company, ag
gregates over eight hundred thousand dollars.
The company is ruined, and takes down sev
eral other large firms in Boston and New
There was a destructive fire at Defia nee
Ohio, July 20th.
There was a heavy fire at Grand Rapids,
Mich., July 21st.
A destructive fire occurred at Kittan
ning, Py.,July 17.
3 The loss in the recent Catlettsburg Ky.,
fire was $150,000.
Fanny McGroth, aged ten, was drowned
in tlw river at Memphis, while bathing.
Gen. Sheridan has gone to the Black
Hills. He will select a urominent location
for a military post there.
During a heavy thunder gust, July 21st,
at Gloucester, Mass., Miss Julia McPlee and
Mrs. Byers were killed by lightning.
Two boys were drowned at Albany,
July 17th. They were in a boat, and fearing
they would be run down by a steamboat
jumped into the river. i
On the 17hh inst., a scaffold at the
new State asvlum at North Warner, Pa., fell
with eight men on it. All were severely, and
two at least fatally injured.
Near Monticello, Indiana, a freight
train of 28 cars went througt a bridge, and
fell into the stream a distance of 90 feet. The
engineer and bridge tender were instantly
The testimony on the part of Fitz John
Porter, before the court martial at West Point
has been all submitted. It is thought that
the testimony produced bears favorably on
Saturday night, July 20tb, the yachts
Coquette and Ina, containing a party of young
men left Milwaukee, for Racine, when off
South Point a squall capsized the Ina. One
of the young men was lost.
On July 10th, lightning struck the new
jhureh, 57th street, New York, killing Ed
Ward White and Bernard Gray, who were a*
work laying brick. White fell to the street
distance of qivty, feet, fmd was terribly
A cyclone struck North Albany Sun
day, July 21stsweepingthrough West Albany,
unroofing hous es, scattering the contents of
the lumber yards, and destroying cattle pens.
The gas works were so badly damaged tha
North Albany was in total darkness.
Reports of the fatal effects of the great
heat of the last few days continue to come in
from numerous points all over the country.
But the number of casualties reported are
decreasing in number, as greater caution is
observed, and the heat diminishes.
Elmwood, III., July 20th, as L.
Atchinson was making a balloon ascension,
and when about 200 feet from the ground he
tdst hold of the trapeze bar and fell, killing
him instantly. Deceased was an experienced
aeronaut and acrobat. His home was at Bar
An Indianapolis telegram of July 18th
says: As an east bound freight train on the
P., C. & St. L, railway was passing oyer a
bridge gave way, precipitating the engine
and twenty cars into the Tipacanoe river,
eighty-five feet, killing the engineer, Louis' great enthusiasm,
,the bridge watchman, Jerry
PERSONAL AND 1-VMJITICAL.
Hon. Charles Foster has declined a
nomination in the Seventh Ohio district.
The Emperor William is able.to ride
out. He has recovered from the wounds in
flicted by the murderous gun of the assassin,
but is very weak
A Virginia congressman, Hunton by
name, has challenged Columbus Alexander,
of Washington, to mortal combat.
President Hayes will leave Washington
July, 19th, for Newarkt Ohio, to attend the
soldiers reunion to be held on July 22.
Archbishop Henni, of Milwaukee was
prostrated by the heat, and his life was dis
paired of but later reports say he is likely to
Queen Victoria has conferred on Lord
Beaconsfield, the Order of the Gorter. The
nvestiture took place at Osborne, Monday
morning, July 22d.
8,The Nationals met in State convention
at Syracuse, N. Y., on the 23d inst. There
was great confusion and acrimony developed,
resulting in a bolt.
It is rumored that the Hon.T. Donnelly
may enter the field as an independent candi
date for Congress in the third Minnesota
district, against Mr Washburn.
1 A telegram from the city of Madrid, of
July 21st, says Mrs. Fos*er,wife of the Minister
of the United States, is very ill, but her physi
cians are confident she will recover.
July 19th the President appointed
Gen. Bod6er, postm aster at New Orleans, in
place of J. G. Parker, suspended. Parker
is a brother-in-law of Gen. B. F. Butler.
The Potter sub-committee at New
Oileans have consented to summons 73 wit
nesses moved by Secretary Sherman, and will
summons any others, on either side that may
President McMahon of France has
signed and notified the treaty of Berlin.
The amount of bullion in the Bank of
England decreased the past week 354,000.
Several cases of yellow lever in the
Brooklyn, N. Y. navv yard have been report
In the Dudley Motte case Secretary
Schurz has decided that Pacific railroad land
A dispatch ol July 23d announces the
"subscriptions for that day to be forjthe four per
cent fund $1,077,700.
A Madrid dispatch of July 22 says
Cuba is to be lepresented in the Cortes by 40
deputies and 10 senators.
The municipal affairs of East St. Louis
are still in a disturbed state, and further riots
and bloodshed are feared.
A Paris dispatch of the 18th inst., says,
specie in the bank of France increased 676,
00C francs during the past week.
A Constantinople telegram states that
there is reason to believe that a peaceful settle
ment will be effected with Greece.
A Washington telegram of the 18tb
says, subscriptions that day to the new four
per cent loan, amounted to $1,191,900.
The trustees of the Jay Cook estate has
realized nearly $2,000,000 from claims due the
estate. A dividend is to be made on money
The Paris and Vienna newspapers gen
erally comment favorably upon Lord Beacons
field statement in explanation of the treaty of
Berlin in the House of Lords.
The superintendent of the mint at San
Francisco states that since the first of July
555,000 silver dollars have been exchanged at
hat mint at par for gold coins.
The Bear Paw mountain gold excite
ment is taking many restless gold seekers
from Deadwood. A band of twenty men left
the other day for the new El Dorado.
On Saturday the 20th inst, Hon. C. H.
Kimball, general superintendent of the life
saving service, established stations at
Muskegon, Ludington and Kenosha. He is
now in Chicago enlisting crews.
An Auburn, N Y., telegram of the 17th
inst., gives a detailed account of the Cor
nell-Harvard eight oared, fashman i ace. Cor
nell was victorious, and the classic youth were,
of couroe, put a great ways ahead in their
studious pursuits. ot
Ou Monday, July 22, there were 20,-
000 persons present at the soldiers and sailors
reunion at Newark, Ohio. The President of
the United States, the General of the Army,
and a great many other gentlemen of dis'inc
sion were present.
It is reported from London *hat Mr.
Gladstone, the leader of the Liberal party in
England, in a late speech violently assailed
the Berlin treaty, and called in question the
wisdom and the statesmanship of Lord
Beaconsfield, in assenting to it. Nevertheless
the populae were with Beaconsfield. i
The English steamer J. B. Walker was
to sail from the port of New Haven, Conn.,
on the 18th inst., for Constantinople with
arms and ammunition for the Turkish govern
ment. She has on board 20,000,000cartridges,
47,000 nfles,600 sabre bayonets, and 10,000
scabbards. The total value of the cargo is
The great heat of the week ending
Saturday, July 20th,greatly abated theday and
nierht, and the deaths from heat prostration
hadnearly teased. Several hundreds in the
cities and country fell Victims to sunstroke.
Nearly two hundred died in St. Louis alone.
But this was by far the most severclv "tfun
struek city in the land.
The flooring mill in Florence'town
ship, Goodhue county, Minnesota,was destroy
ed by fire Thursday night, July 18. The nvll
had four run cf stone, and was valued at
$25,000. Insured for $20,000. It was rumored
that $11,000 in money was in the mill. The
fire was the work of an incendiary. Perhaps
burglars secured the money, and then burned
the mill to cover up their crime.
Lord Braconsrieid's appearance before
the British Parliament, July 18th, caused
He gave an account of
his diplomatic action at the Berlin congress.
The object was to save Turkey from partition
as that would involve bloody wars. A divis
ion of territory, a loss ot provinces, was not
partition. A government might saye provin
ces and should be powerful. Britain had lost
colonies. Austria had lost provinces, a^d
France was -still a powerful Government,
though she had loRt territory.
THE PRESIDENTIAL J^fcClIOS.
Investigating the Election ot 1876 Under
the Potter ResolutionJames E. An
derson and Secretary Sherman on the
TUESDAY. July 16Minor witnesses
on minor points continue to be examined by
the Potter sub-committee. Many contradic
tionsof previous witnesses and denials of
their statements are developed, but nothing
of general interest produced.
FRIDAY, July 19The sub-committee
in New Orleans examined, July 19th, Judge
Morris Marks He was a Republican elector
testified as to requiring certificates, and as to
Anderson's going to Washington and having
an interview with Secretary Sherman. He
testified as to the Sherman letter that the
widow 6i D. A. Weber could find no such let
ter among her husband's papers that Mrs.
Weber contradicted Mrs. Jenks statements
and denounced her as an inpostor.
SATURDAY, July 20.The Potter sub
committee are continuing theii labors in New
Orleaus. Strange developments arc made as
to the veracity of witnesses, as persons testi
fy that their own former affidavits were false,
and made for political effect. The value and
weight of such evidence will be duly consid
MONDAY, July 22.The sub-committee
was in session at New Orleans, Monday, July
22d. Several colored men were examiued
who made affidavits before the returning
board They now deny the truth of the affi
davits made by them, and say the affidavits
were not read to them. Upon cross-examina
tion by Gov. Cox, Green admitted the correct
ness of several important statements contained
in the affidavits,
TUESDAY, July 23.The Potter sub
committee, consisting of Representatives
Potter, Butler, Hiscock and Springer met at
Atlantic City N. on the 23d. There were
present ex-Senator frumbull, Representatives
Danford, Kelly, and of connsel Shellabarger
and Sipher, together with a large number of
guests of the hotel, of both sexes, and repre
seutatives of the press. Representative Dan.
ford was the first witness called, at the in
stance of Repr3entatn Hiscock, who con-"
ducted the direct examination. Witness
testified to a long conversation with Jame^
E Anderbon. The testimony of Danford con
tradicted Anderson in material points. He
said that Anderson told him that during
the period f the registration he went
to New Orleans and informed the Republican
committee, including Gov. Kellogg, that his
parish was going Democratic,the colored \ote
being largely on that side, and that he had
been advised by Kellogg and the Repnbhcan
committee that he should either not return
to the parish at all or come away and make
snch a protest as would thi ow the parish out.
He said he had put the story in circulation in
the hope that the Democitic committee
would make him an offer of mone), and when
by the offer of money he had them good and
fast, he would expose the authors and blow
them sky high. The witness did not hear
Anderson question the truth of the pi est. At
New Orleans, befoi the subcommittee, x
Gov. R. C. Wvkliffe, Col. C. J. Powell and
Capt. W. W. Leake, of West Feliciana parish,
testified regarding their efforts to induce col
ored men to vote the Democratic ticket at the
last election. Each assisted in organizing
colored Democratic clubs and addressing
meetings of colored people. The most po
tent argument was in relation t,o public
schools, which had been badly managed by
the Republicans, the funds being, in many
cases, misapplied. The last election was
peaceable and quiet. Dawber told Col.
Powell, Nov. 15th, he had rot filed
any protest and did not intend to
do so. Several other witnesses testified
touching affidavits and the manner of obtain
ing them. Some difficulty in ootaining wit
nesses was developed. Gov. Cox made a
statement of efforts to secure the attendance,
as witnesses, of D. A. Weber and J. Soudran,
Weber's brother-in-law. Mr. Dunbar, an
officer of the committee, was aftervatds sent
to Donaldsonville with subpoenas. Mrs.
Weber replied that her children had scarlet
fever, and she could not leave them. Soudran
told Dunbar he couldn't leave his business,
that he had no one to leave in charge, and
furthermore, if he came, he would hnve to tell
the truth, and if he told all he knew he could
not afterwards live there.
Little Danny and His Dead Mother,
I've just been down in the parlor to
see mamma. She's in a long box, with
flowers on her. I wish she'd come and
bathe my headit aches so. Nobody
ever makes it feel good but mamma.
She knew how it hurt me, and she used
to read to me out of the little book how
my head would get well and not ache
any more some day. I wish ft was
"some day'' now. Nobody likes me but
mamma. That's cause I've got a sick
heai. Mamma used to take me in her
arms and cry. When I asked her what's
the matter she would say, "I am only
tired darling" I guess Aunt Anges
made her tired, for when she came and
stayed all day mamma would take me
up in the evening and cry awful hard.
I ain't had any dinner to-day Mamma
always gave me my dinner and a little
pudding with "D," for "Danny," on the
top. I like to sit in my little chair and
eat 'em, I wish mamma wouldn't stay
in the long box. I guess Aunt Agnes
put her there, 'cause she put all the flow
er trimmings oh and shows her to every
body. There ain't any fire in the grate,
but I guess I'll sit by "it and make believe
there is. I'll get my little dish and
sDoon and play IVe got a pudding with
for Danny on it. But anyway I want
mamma so bad.New Orleans Picayune.
He thought to head off the voluble
barber. Sitting down in a chair, he said
"I want a shav, a shampoo, a bath, a
bottle of hair tonic, one of Florida water,
a grivate cup and brush, and a stick of
cosmetic.'* "The tbhsorial artis'tVas stag
gered for an instant, ,but quickly recov
ering, he suggested that he was the agent
'for "The new patent flexible steel-wire
hair orush, warranted to keep any
climate, only $1 and six bits." The
shaver "was catching his breath for a
iresh start, but the customer slid from his
chair and escaped.
In* 1877 there were 2,999,677 electors
in Great Britain and Ireland, or more
than one in twelve of the population.
There arc about nine million qualified
voters in the United Slates, or one in
every five of the population.
HOUSE AND FARM.
Fooraua Bitppy. ,_
Up in the morning early,
Before the break of
A slice pf bread and1
And then to work away.
Tou never hear a murmur,.,
Nor discontented word.
He's whistling and he's singing,
He's happy as a bird.
He envies not his neighbor
Who owns a house and lands,
8o long as he can labor
With his two honest hands.
His capital Dame Nature
Bestowed on him at birth
A happy aonstitution
And that's all he is worth.
No medicines are needed
To rasp his appetite,
No op iates are taken
To make him sleep at night.
He suffers not congestion
Of blood in heart or biain,
No panire of indigestion,
Or any other pain.
And while crowned "heads uneasy"
Turn on soft beds of down
On straw he sweetly slumbers
A king without a crown.
His cottage is his palace,
Contentment is his throne,
And self control his sceptre,
His master, God alone.
Tan Mulching for Strawberries.
Strawberries are, to many, the fruit
ciop of the season, and to all fbey are a
crop much appreciated. Few things mar
the pleasure of eating and gathering them
more than slugs, snails and worms.
These nestle beneath the leaves or under
the mulchings, and just when the fiuit
begins to ripn and io give forth its
luscious odor, out crawl these pests and
fasten upon, disfigure, or devour them.
It is thus impossible to gather and eat
the tiuit off the plantby far the beet
mode of enjoying itwith pleasure. In
any case the disfigurement and destruc
tion of many of the finest fruits become
a serious matter, and it may be almost
wholly prevented by the following simple
Give the plants at once several over
head dressings of equal parts of soot and
lime, covering the entire ground between
the rows and the plants, and sprinkling
freely on and around the crowns. The
best time for these dustings and sprink
lings is early in the morning or late in
the evening. At either season the slugs
and snails will be on the move, and
caught with the hot, bitter dressing in
the most defenceless condition. The
first dressing warns off, the second disa
bles, and the third kills them. This is a
fair mode of attack it gives the pests a
chance of life. If they have not sufficient
sense to take a first warning, they must
take the consequences.
Twelve or twenty-four hours' grace
may be given between the dressings and
the strength of the latter should be cum
ulativea slight warning dust at first,
then a heavier dose, succeeded by a final
killing application. For the last dfess
ing, double or treble the proportion ot
soot to lime should be given Soot is
one of the best possible manures for
strawberries, giving that size, substance,
and color to the leaves, which is the
surest sign of vigor. In about a week af
ter the last dressing, unless rain has fal
len in the interval, the plants should re
ceive a heavy overhead drenching. This
clears the crowns and leaves and renders
the soil uncomfortable for worms, wood
lice, earwigs, or other strawberry-loving
creeping inseets that may be present. No
living thing likes soot or lime, and the
mixture is still more nauseous and dis
agreeable to them. In a few more days,
and when the surface gets a little dry, a
cleansing dressing of rather thick fresh
tanner's bark may be put on about 1 1-2
inches thick. This is ako very distaste
ful to insects, no snail, slug, or woim re
maining in or near it, if they can help it.
After a few washings, it gels so clear
of tannin as not to taint the fruit that lies
on it to ripen. The strawberry plants
also seem to thrive under the tan exceed
ingly, as it keeps the moisture and
strength in the soil, though it probably
adds but little to the latter. It has an
other great merit. It it be needful, as it
often is during dry weather, to water the
plants during their swelling stage, the
tan immediately presents a dry surface
again for the fruit. This quality of a
rapid drying and of a rough, hard sur
face, is equally useful during a rainy
time through the ripening period. In a
word, tanner's bark is one of the cleanest
and safest mulchings for strawberries.
Softer materials, such as short grass litter,
waste hay, halt rotten straw, &c, yield to
the wet" and allow the fruit to sink into
th'm, to its sudden and complete de
struction, while tan is almost equal to
tiles or pebbles in providing a nard,
clean bed for the fruit It is, in short,
one ot the cleanest and best dressings for
strawberries, having powerful anti-insect,
and also anti-rotting qualities.
To Glean Soapstone, Etc.Soapstone
hearths are first washed in pure water
and then rubbed with powdered marble,
or soapstone, put on with a piece of the
stone. Gray marble hearths can be rub
bed with linseed oil and no spots will
Water Cake.One teacup sugar, two
eggs, half cup butter, one teacup water,
two teaspoonfuls cream of tartai, one ol
soda beat the butter and eggs to a
creamj then add the other ingredients
stir' well, and' bake quickly.*5^
Cooked Icing. One'cup of coffee sugar,
water enough to melt the sugar put on
the stove a~d let it boil beat the
whites of two eggs to a stiff froth and stir
in the boiling syrup continue the beat
ing until nerly cold, add flavoring and
you have it ready for a cake. *v:?
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