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New Ulm weekly review. [volume] (New Ulm, Minn.) 1878-1892, July 31, 1878, Image 6

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To-Day and Forever.
My breath but touches the rose in your palm,
And lo! how the light leaves scatter,
Leaving no semblance of bloom or of balm
But what, pray does it matter?
Laugh, as they flutter away, my dear,
As they flow in the flow of the river!
We are done with dead roses to-day, my dear,
Done with them to-day and forever.
Tour eyes but turn to the trees in my palm
The wee little tress so golden
And low I whisper: "The sweetest calm
Was born of that sorrow olden." f
Sing, as it sinks to the mosses, my dear,
To the mosses that border the river!
We are done with old losses and crosses, my
Dotfe with them to-day and forever.
Laugh low! Sing softly! Love is alive
And awake where we walk toeether
But love is fragile, and Love will thrive
Best in the sunniest weather.
So, let the past be the past, my dear
Let it go, as the shade on the river!
We are done with old sorrows at last, my
Done with them to-day and forever.
Master E. J3enedict,in Baldwin's Monthly.
Items of Interest.
A steak-bolderThe gridiron.
A righting bookThe dictionary.
OverdrawnExaggerated accounts.
Net cashThe fisherman's proceeds.
Sharp practiceDissecting a subject
Fish expressed it not implied C. 0
What beats a good wife? A bad hus
How to get a long wellHave it dug
Hairy somethingsTresses and mat
Molasses candy would taste just as
sweet by any other name.
There are over 1,650 convicts in the
Sing Sing (N. Y.) prison.
The maa who invented the first moni
tor has now invented a torpedo to blow
her up. Few men are so consistent.
The arrival of a hand-organ man is the
last pleasing sensation in the Black
Hills. He reminds the boys of home
and old times.
It seems hard, says the Cincinnati
Breakfast Table, to discover a great man
who has net at some time worked in a
printing office.
Now digs the boy the garden plot
With energy intense,
Until he bags a tribe of worms,
And then he skips the fence.
A man who is uncertain about using
the term bicycle speaks of them as
"those things, you know, that they ride
and look into second-story windows
The German emperor keeps a diary of
everything he shoots. In 1819 his gun
was discharged by accident, and /ie had
to enter up, "Forefinger right hand.*'
"Slowtown!" shouted the brakeman,
as the train slowed up to the station.
"Five years for refreshments!'' yelled
a passenger who said his son had grown
up since the train started.
"What did the prisoner first strike you
for?" casually asked the judge of the
complainant with a bandage over his
eye. "He first struck me for a five dol
lar bill, your honor," was the feeling re
"Sales by candle" was the method of
sale during the seventeenth century. A
wax candle, about an inch in length, was
set on the edge of a kniie, and he that
bid most before the candle was out, was
the buyer.
When you put your pen-holder behind
your ear be sure that you have the pen
to the front. Ideas ot great profundity
are sometimes banished hopelessly from
the mind by failing to observe this rule.
Robinson's show elephant got so riled
at having te cross a North Carolina river
in a ferry-boat lately that he picked up
a colored boy, who aided to drive him on
the boat, and squeezed him to death with
his trunk.
It is estimated that the use of the
Moffet bell-punch in New York City, by
a simple tax of two and one-half cents on
alcoholic drinKs, and one-half a cent on
cider, ale and beer, would yield the treas-
$13,000,000 per annum.
It's all very well to talk about economy,
but the difficulty is to get anything to
economize. The little baby who puts
his toes in his mouth is almost the only
person who in these hard times manages
to make both ends meet.
The Samoan Islands are the great co
coanut-producing islands of the globe.
The inhabited ones are nine in number,
and have a population of 35,Q00. One
German firm, dealing in the staples of
those islands, does a business of $5,000,-
000 a year. Pago-Pago is the harbor
which the United States have lately
A poor woman in Denmark, the wife
of a laborer, past fifty, observing a few
month ago three children who had fallen
through the ice on a lake, rushed into the
water, and at the imminent peril ot her
own life rescued the children. The
King decided that this act of bravery
should not pass unrewarded. The woman
was sent up to town from the ceuntry: a
room was prepared for her in the royal
palace, where she stayed a couple of
days to see the sights of Copenhagen,
and she received from the hands of the
King, in the presence of the royal fam
ily, the medal and ribbon for civil acts
ot bravery, being the first woman in
Denmark who has received this honor.
The King secured a place for her and
her family in the Royal Theater, where
she was the observed of all observers.
Of anj more substantial compensation
for her act of bravery there ia no record.
A shoit time after the ship Ilio quitted
Callao, Peru, the captain discovered two
Interesting Detcriptlon of the Peculiar
Implement* Used by lfroffesalonal
I'ftlev. s.
The appliances of the first-class burg
lars are changed to meet almosot all tin
changes in preventive inventions. The
hydraulic jack to force in safe locks, the
cylinders of compressed oxygen and hy
drogen to burn through steel, and th*' oth
er scientific as well as ingenious applian
ces used by the big operators show this.
The first and simplest tool in a burglar's
outfit is a window knife. This is a thin
very flexible, broad-en ried knife, more
resembling a paint knife than anything
else. With it, in two seconds the clum
siest burglar can turn back the simple
catch so generally used throughout the
city to fasten windows. The thin blade
can be easily twisted up between the two
sashes, and a light pressure throws the
catch to one side or the other, and leaves
the window free to open. This is as use
ful as it is simple, and the wonder is that
style of fastening is so generally used.
Lately, however, anew brass catch, which
works up and down, and is fastened by
a pin, has been invented, and is proof
against the knife. The art of window
opening, however, makes necessary in
some cases a diamond to cu,t the glass.
This brings into requisition a "sucker"'
a disk of wet leather with a string tied
to it, such as boys use as a plaything.
This is first fastened to the upper pane
and the cutter run around it in a circle.
When the glass is seyered it clings to the
leather and the piece is removed to the
outside without noise or fracture of the
contiguous glass.
stowaways on board and put them in usually of the simplest construction, a
irons. During the following nigbt a
Chilian, who had hung his hammock in
the quarter of the ship where the prison
ers were, accused one ot them of having
stolen his food. The accused explained
that this was impossible, as his chain pre
vented his reaching it, whereupon the
monster of a Chilian struck him down,
and deliberately proceeded to cut off his
head and throw it into the water. He
then wished to despatch the trunk aftei
it,was prevented by its being attached by
an iron ring fixed to the bridgeby a chain.
Whereupon he hacked away at it and
cast it piecemeal into the sea. The oth
er stowaway was meanwhile in such an
agony ot terror that he did not cry out.
The assassin w&s placed in the hands of
the authorities at Iquique.
Another and a simple method in avoid
ing noise, utilized in breaking into stores
with thin glass windows, is to paste a
large sheet of stout paper over the
glass till it adheres firmly in every pert,
and then break the glass, The pieces
ling to the paper and nojingling or noise
f any kind is made, and the window
can be neatly taken out in fargments.
The next article in the outfit is a skeleton
key. These are as old as the invention
of tumbler locks. Betore that invention
it needed little skill or practice, by aid
of a crooked wire, a notched knife-blade
or anything else that came handy, to pick
the simple lock. The new invention,
however, brought skeletons into vague.
A skeleton is simply the simplest shape
of Key. The shank is filled down thin so
as to enter any lock easily, and the ward
ot the key is the same sieze as that of
any key, but cousists only of the same
size as that of a small T" shaped piec
ot steel or brass as the cas3 may be. This
is the simplest variety, and will suit the
laigest number of locks. There are some,
however, in which the wards are a trifle
more complex, which suit different brands
of locks. NsrespectaDle thief however,
is without two or three keys.
The next implement is a pair of nip
pers, or "nips," as the police abbreviate
it, which are used when a key is turned
and left in the lock. "Nips," are pairs ot
pinchers which arc inserted to grasp the
end of the key. The clutching portion
is so small as to easily enter a lock, and
when closed the end*" appears like a hol
low piece of steel no thicker then a key
shank. The ends are notched, however,
just as a pair of pinchers are roughened,
so as not to slio when the end ot the key
is grasped, and as most keys
are pointed at the end, the operation of
grasping it is aciliated. Some original
ity is displayed by thieves in getting up
these, and some years ago the work of a
burglar named Winter, since killed in a
fight, was always detected by a pair of
"nips" which he used. Instead of having
little notches all around the end, be had
onty four, equally distant from each oth
er, the marks on the brass key which his
instrument left were always detected. The
"nips" are largely used, and are effective,
the only prevention against them being
something that will make the key im
movable. Of these preventives the best
is a thick bent wire, in the shape of a
pin that hangs down from the shaft of
the door-knob and passes through the
ring of the key.
The commonest burglarious instrument
is the "jimmy," and its uses are manifold.
it is a bar of steel, one end of which is
curved at a right angel. Sometimes one
end is sharpened to a point and sometimes
bothjOr one is flattened out and sharpened
like a crow-bar. They are of vanous
lengths and weights, and a well-to-do
burglar generally has several. They sub
serve all the uses of a crowbar and drill.
With them it is no trick at all to force
open a wooden door, breaking the lock or
twisting it out of place by main force. It
is also a very sueccssful tool in prying
open the door ot a building or a safe,
being used in the latter case when a par
tial entrance has been made. Bull's eye
lanterns, so loved by dime novel writers,
have passed out of date, small bandies be
ing used. This calls to mind the fact
that the work of Root and Schacht, the
companions, was always spotted by the
candle grease which they left behind
them, their custom being to use the small
Christmas tree candles.
Masks are rarely used, and if worn are
piece of black cloth with eye and mouth
'holes serving both the purposes of dis
guise and tejyor, in case a startled indi
vidual awa&elPat night to find a ghost
with a candle, a black mask and revolver
bending over him. With regard to akel
etons one ingenious style, the invention
of a Sidney thief, has strangelytullen into
disuse. There were a number ot wards
to it which could be fitted to the shank,
one after the other, a small screw in the
end of the shank holding them in place
The possessor could try one after the
other, and eventually unlock any df*or
fastened by any ordinary key. A simple
bolt is the best protection for a door, that
being, in uolice parlance, "the only thing
that'll beat a thief." Their only" means
of opening *he door is to bore through
and saw around itan operation involv
ing much time and trouble.
I did not love him: Long ago,
Instead of yes, I gave him No.
I did not love him, but to-day
I read his marriage notice. "Pray,
Why was I sad, when never yet
Has my heart known the least regret
Over that whispered No? and why,
Reading the notice, did I sigh?
No analyst can guess the cause
A woman's reason laughs at laws.
Sure, I am glad to know the wound
I gave is healed that he has found
Love's blessedness and peace and yet
To-day I seem to see him stand
With every glance a mute caress,
Still pleading for the longed-for Yes.
His earl}' love for me is dead
Another lives in that love's stead:
And if he loves her well, as men
Should love their chosen ones, why,then
He must be glad that loDg ago,
Instead of Yes, I gave him No.
Perhaps that is the reason why
I read the notice with a sigh.
The History of Diphtheria.
Diphtheria is believed to have origi
nated in Egypt, more than two thousand
(2,000) years ago. It prevailed in Egypt
and Asia Minor, to which it extended,
during the first five hundred years, and
hence was early called Egyptian or
Syriac disease.
Having invaded Europe, the disease ap
peared at Rome A. D. 330 and being
akin to the plague, of 'which it may be a
remote modification, [having had xhe
same origin, with some jsimilar character
istics, and being like it and malignant
typhus highly contagious, the disease, in
its fifteen hundred years' transit on the
continent of Europe, affected mainly
rural districts and garrisoned towns. It
had extended to Holland, in which it was
epidemic in 1337 to Paris, in 1576 and
appeared in America 1771 it having pre
vailed more extensively in France in 1818
and 1835, and in England and the United
States from 1756 to 1860, and more or
less since.
In our own country it has thus been
more prevalent during the past twenty
one years, from 1856 to 1877 and rural
districts appear to have suffered most
during the early part of this period,
probably on account of a greater preva
lence of marsh miasm, which, combined
with the animal, may generally, together
with the contagion, produce this disease.
But during the latter part of this period,
the rural districts, having been more
cleared up, and drained, diminishing the
amount of paludal poision, and country
people having learned, as well as those
in cities, to avoid, to some extent, the
causes liable to generate animal miasms,
our cities, or some of them, appear to have
produced nearly if not quite as many
cases of diphtheria as the rural districts
Syracuse. New York, Brooklyn, Phila
delphia, Boston, and many New England
and other cities having suffered more or
less from it diffing-18G and 1877. The vi
tal statistics of Massachusetts for the year
1876 shows diphtheria occupies the
second place in the list of fatality, two
thousand six hundred and ten persons
died of the disease during the year in
that state, and only five thousand and
twenty-seven of consumption. Whether
this may be an average for other states or
not, its ravages have been fearful in many
parts of our own nd other countries.
In botli city and country, more cases
have occurred, other things being equal,
in warm autumal and winter weather in
damp localities, where the air is almost
destitute of ozone, a powerful disinfect
ant, and being saturated with moisture is
in a low or negative electrical sJate,
letting down the possitive electrical con
dition of the nervous system, and corres
pondingly diminishing vitality in those
predisposed to the disease. Damp air
also doubtless, by diminishing the cu
taneous exhalation,and otherwise, may in
crease the predisposition to this as well
as other kindred diseases.
The annual flooding ot the Nile in
Egypt, affording, with the moisture thus
produced a generation and mingling
marsh and animal miasms, with the var
ious imprudences of the Egyptian people,
may readily have originated this disease.
Asia Minor, probably the next most pre
disposed rountry and people, was next
invaded, as might have been expected.
Then in its turn, the south of Europe,
burdened with the imprudences of the
third and fourth centuries, with its influx
of the northern hordes upon the Roman
empire. Later still, central and northern
Europe, distracted with the turmoils and
degraded by the pollutions ot the dark
ages, became ripe for it. Finally, other
parts of the world, including America
had become sufficiently predisposed
and the United States having either pro
duced in or received it from the Old
Anecdote ot ifurns.
Andrew Hornor and Burns were pitted
against each other to write poetry. An
epigram was the subject chosen, because,
as Andrew internally argued, "it is the
shortest of all poems." In compliment
to him, the company resolved that his
own merits shouid supply the theme.
He commenced
In seventeen hunder thretty-nine
and he paused. He then said: "Ye see,
I was born in 1739 (the real date was
some years earlier) so I mak' that the
commencemen'." He then took his pen
in hand, folded his paper with a con
scious air of authorship, bquared himself
to the table, like one who considered it
no trifle even to write a letter, and slow
ly put down, in good round hand, as if
he had been making out a bill of parcels,
the line
In seventeen hunder thretty-nine!
but beyond this, after reppated attempts,
he was unable to advance. The second
line was the Rubicon he could not pass.
At last, when Andrew Horner reluctantly
admitted that he was not quite in the
vein, the pen, ink and paper were hand
ed to his antagonist. By him they were
rejected, for he instantly gave the follow
ing, viva voce: s
In seventeen hunder tnretty-nroe',
The deil gat stuff to mak' a swine, i
And pit it in a corner
But, shortly after changed his plan,
Made it to something like a man,
And called it Andrew Horner.
On Bathing.
Hall's Journal of Health don't believe
in too much water, for it says on the sub
ject of bathing: Once a week is often
enough tor a man to wash himself ail
over, and whether in summer or winter
that ought to be dene with soap, warm
water and a hog's hair brush, in a room
showing at least seventy degrees Fahren
heit. Baths should be taken early in the
morning, for it is then that the" system
possesses the power of re-action in the
highest degree. Any kind of bath is
dangerous soon after a meal, or soon after
fatiguing exercise. No man or woman
should take a bath at the close of the day
unless by the advice of a family physi
cian. The best mode of keeping the sur
face of the body clean, besides the once
a week wasmng already mentioned, is as
follows: As soon as you get out of bed
in the morning, wash your face, hands.
neck and breast into the same basin of
water put both feet at once for aboist a
minute, rubbing them briskly all the
time then with the towel, which has been
dampened by wiping the face, feet, etc,
wipe the whole body well, fast and hard,
with mouth shut and chest projecting
Let the whole thing be done \n less than
five minutes. At night, when you go to
bed, and whenever you find yourself
wakeful or restless, spend from two to
five minutes in rubbing your whole body
with your hand, so far as you can reach
in every direction. Thif has a tendency
to preserve that softness and mobility of
skin which is essential to health, and
which too frequent washing will always
Two Bright Dogs.
Some one tells this little story of two
small dogs:
"My friend had several* dogs, two of
which had a special attachment to and
understanding with each other. The one
was a Scotch terrier, gentle and ready to
fraternize with all honest comers. The
other was as large as a mastiff and looked
like a compound between the mastiff, and
the lanje,rough atag-hound. He was fierce,
and required some acquaintance before
you knew what faithfulness and kind
ness lay beneath his rough and savage
looking exterior. The one was gay and
lively the other, sterna and thoughtful.
"These two dogs wtre observed to go
to a certain point together, when the
small one remained behind at a corner of
a large field, while the matiff went around
by the sHe of the field, which ran up a
hill for nearly a mile, and led to a wood
on the left. Game abounded in those
districts, and the object of the dogs' ar
rangement was seen. The terrier (would
start a hare, and chase it up hill toward
the large wood at the summit, where they
arrived somewhat tired. At this point
the large dog, which was fresh and had
rested after his walk, darted after the an
imal, which he usually captured. The
then ate tnis hare between them, and re
turned home. This coursj had been sys
tematically earned on for some time be
fore it was fully understood."
Receipt* for Gleaning.Mrs. 8. M. H.
sends the following for housekeepers:
When a room is to be papered, fill all
he crevices where the plaster has fallen
off with plaster of paris mixed with cold
water. It dries quickly and will not
stain the paper. For cleaning mica, I
have found nothing equal to fine salt.
For cleaning zinc, nothing is so good as
kerosene after using kerosene, rub with
1 World, has hence suffered a due share
its ravages down to the present time.
Every step of the progress of this dis
ease has thus been invited, and every
epidemic has had its cause no case ever
having occurred anywhere, unless con
tracted by the contagion from anbthcr
patient, without some general or local
cause uuflly local and discoverable,r
from which mfeyMiave emanated animal
as well as marsh miasm's or poisons. 1 he
factofit3 increased pievalence in, oic
own country may very likely be due, in
part at least, to the more artificial moae
of treating children, its more common
victims. For it is a shameful fact (that,
as a result ot modern fashion few jchil
dren now among all classes, have proper
clothing or covering for their limbs .n
a still smaller number take their food
with a strict regularity, abstaining from
it between meals, as well as from candies
and other injurious and indigestable
whiting. If whiting is moistened with
ammonia, it will very readily clean both
silver and *in. To strain honey, first run
it through a colander set in a pan upon
the back oven afterward, sixain through
a cloth. To make wax,, fill a small
strainer-bag with' rough -omb, which
dip in hot water, leaving the impurities
benind. Repeat the process, and finish'
by melting the wax and forming it into
W Doily. Dying.
The maple does,not shed its leaves
In one tempestuous scarlet rain,
But softly, when the south wind grieves,.-
81ow, wandering over wood and plain.
One by one they waver through'"
Indian hazy !*The An Gro atSummer's last on the forestmold
Coral and ruby, and burning gold.
Our death is gradual like these:
We die with every waning day,
There is no waft of sorrow's breeze
But bears some heart-leaf slow away:
Up and on to the vast To Be,
Our life is going eternallv!
Less of life than we had last year
Throbs in your veins and throbs in mine
But the way to heaven is growing clear,
And the gates of the city fairer shine:
And the day that our latest treasures flee1
Wide they will open'fdr you and me.
A. Russian Soy Kills Mis MotUer\to Avenge
Sis Father's Honor.
[New York Herald.J
There is now occupying the Russian
criminal tribunals a tragedy which throws
into the shade the gloomiest imaginings of
the old Greeks playwrights. It is the mur
der of a mother by her son, a child 9 years
old. The story is one of the most appalling
in the whole annals of human crime, and
withal is it heart-touching as showing the
misdirection of a noble nature. For the
motive of the crime was honor, and the SOE
slew his mother that her blood might vriMk
out the stain her infidelity had put upon heir
husband's name. The case is a most remark
able one. There seems to be no evidence oi
a vicious disposition on the part of the boy
On the contrary, he seems to have had a
loving heart, and to have beon tenderly at
tached to his dead father but a cloud Cairo
over his young existence, when rus rnothef,
forgetting her duty to ,the living and dead
contracted an illicit alliance 'with a- govern-
ment employe. The w5rna*r seems 'to have
troubled herself little'''to conceil her
amours from her son, thinking that .a child
of such tender years would not be likely to
pay any attention to her actions.' She does
not seem to have ever suspected1
cocious sensibility of her child.
the pre-
The boy, however, very soon began to sus
pect the true relations existing between the
stranger and his mother. The functionary
entered frequently before the child's eyes,
and at unusual hours into the house that had
belonged to the dead father. The child felt
himself cruelly injured by the dishonor cast
upon his father's memory, which had re
mained enshrined in his young heart like a
sacred image. For a long time he concealed
his anger and his shame but one day his
indignation mastered! him, and he resolved
to make an effort to win his mother from
the path of shame.
Throwing aside all fear, he reproved the
widow for her infidelity to .her dead hus
band, and besought her to return to her
duty by respect to the memory of the dead
and out of respect to her son. The mother
treated these remonstrances lightly, and
burst out laughing at the child. Without
even deigning to hear him to the end, she
advised him to occupy himself with matters
more appropriate to his age. Several times he
seems to have renewed his exhortations, al
ways, however, meeting with the same re
Feeling that it was useless to appeal to the
better nature of his mother, the child con
ceived the horrible design of washing out in
her blood the stain she persisted in putting
on his name, and which he knew was no
longer a secret from the neighbors. Having
once made up his mind, his thoughts be
came wholly absorbed in plans for carrying
his vengeance into execution. Wherever he
went he cari ied with him this idea of aveng
ing the injured honor of his name. In
solitude he pondered over it, until it became,
in his eyes, a hole duty. Beside this child
of 9 years taking upon his conscience the
responsibility of judge and executioner,
thinking and planning before taking action
Hamlet, tormented by visions and simulating
madness, is only capable of inspiring pity.
The heart is moved at the thought of the
aug*ish the child must have suffered. First
he due the grave. This was, for his infant
hands, along and painful labor. When he
bad everything ^prepared he, resolved to
execute his terrible purpose.
One night, while his mother slept, he
armed himself with a hatchet and silently
approached her bed. When his eyes rested
on the author of his being his resolution was
shaken. He gazedon the face he had long
loved and respected. The sight was too
much for hid childish heart, and, bursting
into tears, he fell on his knees before his
mother's bed. There the morning light
found him stretched in slumber with the
deadly hatchet still clasped in his tiny hands.
When his mother rose she' was terribly
frightened at the sight. She awoke the boy,
who explained his presence by a peasant
fable, and then took the opportunity to once
more beseech his mother to dismiss her
lover and return to the path of honor. She,
however, lost her temper, and ordermg the
child to hold his tongue, dismissed him
This action of the widow decided her son
to carry out his murderous resolution. The
following night he again entered his mother's
bedroom and, finding her, asleep, wiih one
blow of the hatchet .he killed.* her.i He then
took the body, which he dragged to the
grave he had prepared, and there interred it.
The trial of this strange parricide is pro
gressing in the town of Valok, in the gov
ernment of Kharkow. Seldom have the Rus
sian people been so interested in a criminal
trial, but the sight/off ichikl nine years old
standing in the dock as the assassin of his
mother is well calculated to excite the com
passionate sympathy among a, people by
whom the family ties are regarded with
something of the respect of patriarchal
times. Mr. Vladimir, professor/of criminal
law at the university at Kharkow, has
spontaneously undertaken the defense of the
unfortunate child.

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