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VOLUME IIINO. 30.
lltecliltj. gjtatfieiU. PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY BY JOS. BOBLBTBR. Office ovci City Drag Store. TERMS: One Dollar and a half per Year in Advance. Paten of AdvcrtiNtiisr FURNISHED UPON APPLICATION. 'Advertisements in "double column, double t^e single column rates. Business cards of live lines, one year $5 00, each additional line 75 ctH All transient advertisements to be paid for in advance Advertisements nserted in the local notice col. 6 mns, 10 cents a line for the first insertion and 5 cents a line for each subsequent insertion but no notice insetted for less than fifty cents. Announcements of Marriages and Deaths insert cdfree but obituary notices, except in special cases, v, ill 1* charged at advertising rates Leal notices will be chirged 78 cents per folio for the first insertion, and J7 cents per folio for each subsequent insertion All legal notices must be upon the responsibility of the Attorney ordering them published, and no affidavit of publication will lie given until the publication fees are paid In connection with the paper, we have a splendid assortment of Jobbing Material, and wc are pre pared to execute all kinds of printing in a stjle un lii vnssed and at moderat crates. BUSYNESS CARDS. T\K A. MAKDEN, RESIDENT DENTIST, Office, comer Mian, and Finrt 8U. SEW ULM, MINNESOTA lyRTcT BERRY, PHYSICIAN A SURGEON. OFFIO AT TUB ClTT 1JHUO STOIIB. NEW ULM, MINNESOTA ELI KUIILMANN, PII. C. M.D. PIIVICZAN ALCHEMIST. JUIKIMATISM SLCCESSFL'LLY TREATED. Office and Drug Store next door to Skandimvian House. lew Vim Minn. DR. B. CARL, Physician and Surgeon, NEW ULM, MINN. Office and lesipence on 3d North Str. DR. J. W B. WELLCOME, PYIIIC SAN & SURGEON, SLEE PY EYE, MINN DR. II. 4. HITCHCOCK, PHYSICIAN & SURGEON. Will attend to all calls night or day. OFFICE AT HI. W. llitlicock'slDriig .Store, Burns, Brown Co., Minn. Dr. G. O. Wellner, SeutAei' Sr^t. Fovmals Armon Artz zur "North Stan Dispensary," Chicago, hat sich permanent in Burns niedergelassennnd ompfehlt sich luermit seinen Lands lento. B. F. WEBBER. ATTORNEY AN COUNSELOR AT LAW. Money to Loan. Office over Citizen's Nat'l Bank. NEW ULM, MINN. GEORGE KUHLMAN, ATTORNEY AT LflW. Co-tested eases made a specialty Will buy notes and advance money on Hist class paper left with me for collection. Office over Brown County Bank. NEW ULM MINN. LEWIS THIELE, Notary Public and Collecting Agt. Renville, Renville Co., Minn. Notary Public, Conveyancer and Agent for St. Paul FIRE & MARINE INSURANCECo., Springfield, Brown Co., Minn. Northwestern Hotel Opposite Depot, New Vim, Minn In taking possession of the above named hotel I would respectfully inform the public that the house has been thoroughly renovated and newly furnish ed and the weary travelerwill always find a good table and clean bed. The bar will always be sup plied with thebest liquors and cigars. Good stabling attached tothe premises. C- .WM. SCHMIDT. DAKOTA HOUSE. OP P. POST O *ICENEW ULM, MINN ADOLPII SEITER, Prop'r. This house is the most centrally locat ed house in the city and affords good Sample Rooms. TO THE TRAVELING PUBLIC. The undersigned would respectfully announce that, although the division has been moved to Sleepy Eye, he will continue to make the MERCHANT'S HOTEL one of the most popular resorts in the Minnesota valley. He will give his especial attention to the table, which will be first-class in all respects, and afford all the delicacies of the season, especially game. The rooma are all splendidly furnished with clean feeds, and the waiters are kind and ob liging. Rates to suit the times. Th old and new friends of this hotel are cordially invited to give me a call when traveling New Ulmward. r% T*lf H. CHADBOURK, President O. H. Rosa, Cashier BROWN 00. BANK, Cor. Minn, and Centre Streets. NEW ULM, MINNESOTA. Collections and all business pertaining to banking PROMTCLY ATTENDED TO. INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILTIY 8*5500,000. W Booscli. Decline EaglePfennmger. Mill Co. NEW ULM, MINN. Merchant and Custom milling Promptly Done. Improved Machinery for the Manufacture of the Finest Grades of Flour. Feud) off all Kinds ltluniifactiired. Excellent Machinery for the Sawing of Lumber. The highest cash piice paid or Horn exchanged for milling wheat. JOHN BFXM, ]A. SVMLIA 3STE"W TTLM CITY MILL, Centre Street, Now Ulm, W are running day and night, and can supply any quanti ty of best brands of Flour at regular rates on short notice. Flour exchanged for wheat on very liberal terms. FranK Burg, MANUFACTUKKK AND DEALER I N CIGARS, TOBACCOS, & PIPES Minnesota street, next door to Sommer's Store. NEW ULM. MINN CENTRE STREET AMPLEBOOH BILLIARD HALL IN BASEMENT OF KZiesling" Slocls:. The hest of Wines, Liquors and Ci gars constantly kept on hand. Louis Felkel. Prop'r. Meat Market. GEAS. STUEBE, Prop'r. A large supply of fiesh meats, sau sage, hams, laid, etc, etc., constantly on hand. All orders from the country promptly attended to. CASH PAID FOR HIDES. Minn. Street, New Ulm, Minn. ITT Meat Market, M. EPPLE, PROP'B large supply f fresh meats, sausage, luufas, lard, etc^ etc., constantly on band. All orders from the coun try promptly attended to. CASH PAID FOR HIDES. MINN. STREET. NEW ULM. MINN CENTRE STREET Sale and Feed Stable, ANTO N BREY, -Propreitor. Centre Street, New Ulm, Minn. I would respectfully announce to the people ol New Ulm and vicinity that I have opened a first classLivery, Sale and Feed Stable, at MCarty's old stand, on Centrestreet, and that I am fully prepaied to furnish good liv^rj teams with top or open bug. gies or easy wagons on short notice. ANTON BREY. PATENTS and how to obtain them. Pamphlet free, upon receipt of Stamp for post age Address: GILMORE, SMITH & CO. Solicitors of Patents Neir Patent OUiccWashington, L. C. F. HELD, Undertaker and Dealer in ALL KIND OF FlHIf lM IProprietor and Manufacturer of THE FARMESR FRRIEKD FANNING MILL The best fanning mill* in the rraiktt Store and Factory on Centre a-reel near City JMill. NEW ULM, MINN. 30 (HAS. BRUSTe Fancy Cards, Chromo, Snowflake, &c. No two alike, with name, lOcentN. J. MINKLER It CO., Nassau,N. Y. .w.y 03^r Miss T. Westphal Keeps on hand a large and well sorted stock of MILLINERY, FANCY GOODS and ZEPHIR WOOL, opposite the Union Hotel, between Second and Third North streets. NEW ULM, MINN. MILLINERY DRESS MAKING! MRS. ANTON OLDING, NEXT DOOR TO SOMMER'S STORE, NEW JLM. Has in hand .1 good stock of MILLINERY Goons, consisting in part of Hats, Bonnets, Velvets, Silks Ribbons, Feither, Human Hair, Flowers &c Also PATTERNS for stamping monograms Stamping of .til kinds, Embroidery Work and ishionablc Diess-mnking done to order. FARM PROJHJCE taken in exchange for goods HAIR WORK. Ornamental hair jewehy, such as ehaims, chains, pins, eai -rings, brace lets, rings and all kinds of solid work, promptly made to order. Combings 50 cents an ounze. MRS. K. PICKER. Ventre Str. New Uhn, Minn. Talbot&Rinke Dealers in DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, READY MADE CLOTHING, HATS, CAPS, BOOTS & SHOES, LADIES AND GENTS UNDERWEAR, NOTIONS, TRIMMINGSr &c. &c. &c. &c. &c Highest market price paid fo farm produce. Sleepy Eye, Minn. F- NEW ULM CITY MILL CO GOETZ. ADOLPH MEINEKE. C. PENZHORN. MEINECKE & CO, Importers and Jobbers of ToysiFancyGoodsJantee Notions WILLOW WARE A CHILDREN'SCARRIAGES. No. 92 HURON ST. MILWAUKEE, WIS. SCHNEIDER & CO. Iniporteis & Wholesale Dealers in "Wines S XjiCLVLors. Rectifiers of Spirits. Cor.Clinton &S. Watersts.,Milwaukee. Hugo Stubbe, Agent. C. I. HAMILTON PAPER CO.. Manufacturer and dealers, in, PAPER, STATIONERY, BLANK BOOKS, ALBUMS, PRINTERS'STOCK, &c. &c. No. 346 i?. Water St. Milwaukee. WINTEIUIALTER, Agent. J. FEE2TEKES, Manufacturing CONFECTIONER, and dealer in NUTS, GREEN FRUITS, etc., etc. etc. 351 &, 353 EastWater Str, MIT.WAI.EEB. N K!tO 11IEUS& SUTLER, WHOLESALE MiUGGISTO, sr i'\ui. MINN HARNESS SHOP. H, H.BeBssmsinn&C Corner Minn.& 1st North str's., New Ulm, Minn. Tins business is established and will be conduct, ed as heretofore in the rear end of Mr. Beuss mann's hardware store. It shall be onr aim to con stantly Keep on hand a well assorted stock of Har nesses, Siddles, Collirs, Whips, Blankets,etc.,etc which will be sold at bottom prices. Upholstery and ah kinds of custom workpiomptly and satis factorily Attended to. If, BElTSSJIf ANN & 0. JLC JUNEMANHi 1CANUTACTCBTO AXS DBALU Of Harnesses, Collars, Saddles, Whips, Saddlery, Blankets, etc., etc., eto. Upholstery, and an custom wo* wnrtfa lo my business promptly attended to. Minn. St. Next Door to 23her* Saloon, MEW ULM. H.H.BEUSSMANN, DEALER IN Shelf HeavyHardware,Iron,Steel Carpc ter's & Farmig Tools. FARMING MACHINERY,&c. COB. MINN. & 1st ST. STS., N Trim, Minn. NEW Wngoin & Smith Shop The undersigned would respectfully inform the public that they have opened a wagon and sulth shop on State street, and are prepared todo any and all work in their line promptly and at llring rates. All work warranted. NewWagons wlllal waysbe kepton hand. A kind patronage is re. spectfully solicited. J. Lnuterbach & A. Faas. Mutilation of Coin. HE most careless of persons can scarcely fail to perceive the great in crease in the number of defaced and mutilated silvencoins during the past few months. So rapidly has the evil grown that at the present time, in the opinion of a financial expert, quite one third of the silver coin that has been in circulation for any considerable period of time bears some evidence of mutila tion. It is believed by the Government officers to whose attention the subject has been called, that a class of unprin cipled personssmall tradesmen and othersare systematically in the habit of cutting small pieces out of the coins of larger denomination, and selling the fragments thus obtained by weight to manufacturing jewelers. Before the practice had grown to its present pro portions, it was noticed that those en gaged in it seemed to confine their op erations to boring small holes in the quarters and fifty-cent pieces but of late they have grown more bold, and now an immense n-i uber of coins of those denomin tion^ are in circulation irom which silver 1 ui been removed in the form of a W" or triangle, the cut ting have evidently been performed by a punch or machine. The Government officers have had great difficulty in try ing to find out the depredators, and thus far have been unsuccessful. Mean while the despoiling of the currency shows no signs of decrease. The law on the subject is to be found in Section 5,459 of the Revised Statutes of the United States, which reads as follows: Every person who fraudulently, by any act, ways or means, defaces, muti lates, impairs, diminishes, falsifies, scales or lightens the gold and silver coins which have been or which may hereafter be coined at the mints of the United States, or any foreign gold and silver coin which are by law made cur rent or are in actual use and circulation as money within the United States, shall be imprisoned not more than two years and fined not more than $2,000." This law," said Assistant United States District Attorney William P. Fiero to a Herald reporteryesterday, ''should be changed. The word 'fraudulent' in the statute has been the means of defeating the punishment of the malefactors. The law should be so changed as to make the offense a finable one. Then detection would be easy, and the infliction of the penalty swift and certain. This would speedily put an end to the business. It has been a common practice for many well mean ing persons to punch a hole in a gold or silver coin and then wear the latter as a watch-charm, necklace, armlet, or even as an ornament on a dog-collar. In course of time these coins are de tached and pass into circulation. Were the offense one punishable by fine the practice would cease. I have been anxious to get a case where a tradesman or other person has been in the habit of defacing coin. If the fact could be established, I have no doubt conviction would follow. With the law as it stands there seems very little prospect of put ting a complete stop to the evil com plained of/'N. Y. Herald. Fatal Fifteen. TIME was when a man who arrived at his business late in the morning, with blood-shot eyes, careless dress, pale face and nervous manner, would have been strongly suspected of having indulged in drink. He would have been looked upon with distrust by his employers, dis favor by his friends, despair by his rel atives and disapproval by the moral portion of the community. Reproba tion would have outweighed any com miseration that he would have received. Now it is not so. "Fifteen" has changed it all. It is understood at once that the unfortunate man has been "trying to do the puzzle," and has been unable to find time to eat, sleep or dress. He is pitied rather than con demned, for he has fellow victims on every side. The public at large is giv en over to the consideration of the puz zle. The ticket-sellers on the "L" roads forget to count their change in the abstraction that comes of "almost getting it." Errand boys stop around the corner and pull out their little square boxes ana shove the blocks around desperately. The pressmen in the Herald office when they finish their night's work do not go home as of yore, but stop to play fifteen through the early morning hours. Business men puzzle over it on their way to and from their offices. Clergymen ponder it in their studies. And yesterday a man in Broadway, with a stand heaped high with gem puzzles," became so deeply absorbed in trying to solve the puzzle that he forgot to offer his wares for sale and paid no attention when a gamin stole one from his store, and going half a block away sat down to work it out himself. Dr. Hammond declared in the Academy of Sciences on Monday night that the puzzle was an excellent thing for physicians who treat the nerv ous disorders of the brain. It im proved their practice. It has also been said that for a few weeks the number of commitments for lunacy by the police justices of the city have been far ex cess of the usual average, and the offi cials of the Lunatic Asylum were una ble to account for it until they discov ered fifteen patients trying to arrange themselves in order on a large diagram they had marked out on the floor of one of the halls of the Asylum on Black well's Island. Against the craze the reaction has already begun. A large number of signs nave been printed with the in scription "Pinafore and Puzzle Prattle Prohibited," which may be hung up in drawing-rooms and offices by those who have either escaped the popular fevers or recovered from them. It is expected that this reaction will become as strong as the mania itself. It will probably be dangerous after a time to mention the matter, and threats of violence have already been sent to the Herald office by mail. It is, therefore, in a spirit of kindness that the Herald suppresses the name mentioned by one of its. corre spondents, who writes an interesting letter claiming that the game of fif teen" was invented seventeen or eigh teen years ago by a gentleman who was then in Keokuk, Iowa, but is now a merchant in Little Rock, Ark. The fuk,,andewas ame says, was well-known in Keo much indulged in by the officers stationed there during the late war. The inventor, he declares, was an officer in the k\te war under General Sherman. It is probable, therefore, that the misguided person is a man of sufficient personal bravery, and Little Rock is a very considerable distance from N ew York but considering the state of public feeling here at present, it would be unworthy of the Herald to expose tiie unhappy man's identity. Since he has sought the West for safety let him go unpunished. probably did not realize What he wits doing.* N. T. Herald. Wjiiiiiilil niji i,Uiui.iiniin ijiiiiii) ny.ii in IjJWlUlJIM^pi NEW ULM, MINN., WEDNESDAY, JULY 21, 1880. ~o^CCf^J -M How England Takes Her Census. IN Great Britain a census has been taken every ten years since 1801, and the system is now one of the most per fect in existence. Until near the close of the last century, there was no real method, and all previous estimations of the population of the United King dom were mere guess work. It seems the more strange that such should have been the fact, considering that, in the American colonies, enumerations of *he population had often been made by or der of the Home Government. In 1790, a beginning was made in Scotland by Sir John Sinclair, who, through his personal efforts in enlisting the coment operation of all the clergymen of the established church, collected returns which weie of great value, although necessarily incomplete. After seven years he completed his compilations, and published the result in twenty-one volumes, probably the greatest statis tical work ever undertaken and carried through by one private enterprise. Under the system adopted in 1851, the census in Great Britain is now taken iv one day, the 31st of March. In 1851, 80,610 enumerators were appointed in England and Wales by the 2,190 Dis trict Registrars in those countries, each enumerator having a distinctly defined district assigned to him. In Scotland the thirty-two Sheriffs appointed the temporary Registrarsgenerally par ish schoolmastersand 8,130 enumer ators. For the smaller islands the Gov ernment appointed 257 enumerators, and in Ireland the census was taken by the constabulary. Some days before the census day printed schedules were delivered at every house or tenement in Wales these were printed in Welsh for the benefit of the lower classes. These schedules contained questions about the name, relation to head of family, condition, age, sex, occupation and birthplace of every person in Great Britain, and also as to the number of deaf, dumb and blind. Measures were taken to secure accurately the names of night laborers, persons out of the coun try, travelers, seamen, soldiers, etc. These schedules were all filled up in the night of March 30-31, and were taken up at an early hour on March 31, tlio collector filling up the parts that had been left blank through their negligence or inability. All unoccupied houses and buildings in course of construction were also noted. The floating popula tionpersons who spent the nights in boats and barges, in barns, sheds, etc., were required to be estimated as nearly as possible. The enumerators were al lowed one week to make their returns, in all transcribed, and the summaries and estimates completed according to detailed instructions. The District Reg istrars had to complete their revision of the returns of their subordinates in a fortnight, paving particular attention to nine specially defined points. These revised returns were again revised by the "Superintendent Registrars," and then transmitted to the census office. The census was the most successful, in quickness and accuracy, accomplished in any country up to that time, and the same system has been pursued, with lit tle variation, ever since. The digestion of the census reports by the central au thorities is conducted most thoroughly and scientifically, and the compilations are of the greatest value to statisticians and economists. The British system has served as a model for many other countries, where the census is now taken in one day by means of printed schedules.Boston Herald PERSONAL AND LITLIMKY. Mns. FKANK LESLIE is managing her late husband's publications. MR. MOODY, the evangelist, nc\ci rides in the street cars on bunday. MR. LONGFELLOW was seventy-tlutp years old on the 27th of February. IT IS reported that Minister Andrew D. White is suffering from the climate of Berlin and wants to come home. SOME vandal has stolen the brass in scription plate from the tomb of Presi dent Monroe at Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Va. SENATOR LAMAR is said to owe his illness to his irregular habits of eating At times he almost starves himself, and at other times he eats voraciously. GENERAL ROBERT E. LEE had a pew in the old Christ Church in Alexandria, Va., where Washington once wor shipped and every button has been taken from the cushions by curiosity hunters. A RECENT visitor to Jefleison Davis, on his farm at Beauvoir, s.ijs that he is hard at work on hi*, metnous, his cot ton crop for next season will reach one thousand bales, and his wife and nephew. General Joseph Davis, arc with him. MRS. JENNIE SMITH, of Jcv-,cy City, who has just been acquitted of the charge of murder, after having been once sentenced to death, has had a lecture written for her and is about to deliver it. It is called At the Foot of the Gallows." SENATOR EDMUNDS says, regarding the action of the Vermont Republican Convention in naming him as a suitable candidate for President, that he would not take the nomination if it were ten dered. His aspirations lie in the direc tion of the Supreme Bench. MR. LONGFELLOW is said to write easily but very slowly, weighing every word before jotting it down in lead pencil. There is hardly an erasure in his manuscript, but when his work re turns from him in proof hardly anything of its original form is left. It is asserted that Tne Divine Tragedy" was re written after the most of it was in type. HE Boston Globe notices that King Alfonso wears a necklace of black beans as a charm. Boston papers al ways did speak well of Alfonso, and they have stood by him faithfully in two marriages and other troubles. It was the bean. N. 0. Picayune A MISERLY old man of Philadelphia, whose estate is valued at a quarter of a million dollars, has been ordered to pay fifteen dollars a week for his wife's sup port. She brought a suit, complaining that she had been compelled to live on potatoes, mush and sour milk, and was ill-treated by her husband and daugh ters. She demanded a comfortable subsistence out of the estate, as she had helped in its accumulation by at tending market for years, rain or shine, and selling the produce of a farm. SIREDWARDTHORNTO N, the British Minister at Washington, has now served there twelve years, only one year less than his father, who passed thirteen years in the British diplomatic service this country. Mr. Edward Thorn ton, the father, was first Vice-Consul in Baltimore and afterward was in Wash ington as Secretary of Legation with Mr. Hammond, the first Minister sent to our Government by England. After ward the elder Thornton was Charge d'Affaires of the Brititish Legation, here. Marriage of MidgetsIncidents of Sovel Wedding. A scene occurred in the parlors of the Whitcomb House yesterday noon which, in its nature, we think is unparalleled in the history of Rochester. It was no less than the marriage of two members of the Liliputian Opera Company, which has just ended a successful engagement of three nights at the Grand Opera House. The fairy lady who deserted the ranks of spinsterhood to assume the cares and responsibilities of a wife was Rebecca Ann Myers, the second soprano of the company, who is by actual measure just thirty-one inches in height. She is a decided blonde, has sparkling blue eyes, a perfect and symmetrical figure, and is, upon the whole, as Lili putians go, a decided beauty. She is remarkably intelligent, has a good edu cation, is a brilliant conversationalist, and since her engagement with the Opera Company has made rapid pro flymouth,music. ress in She was born near Marshall County, Indiana, and will be twenty-seven years old the 3d of April. She is of an economical nature, has saved her income, and it is estimated has a snug little estate of her own. Reuben Allen Steere, the groom, was born in the village of Gloucester, R. I., October 19, thirty-three years ago. He is thirty-five inches in height, and of slim build. He is the only one of the Liliputians who has any beard, quite a killing" moustache and goatee adorning his manly face. His complex ion is of a healthy color, and his hair and beard of a dark brown. His eyes are piercing black, and the heavy brows which cover them give his face a stern and dignified expression. At an early age he was called Colonel," and that appellation has ever clung to him. Ever since he has earned a salary, it is said, he has been constantly layino aside something for a rainy dav, an3 probably has a comfortable fortune. The marriage was looked forward to as one of the probabilities, though it was supposed that the wedding would not come oft* until the end of the sea son. But "love knows no law" and but little reason, and it was decided one day last week that the event should take place in Rochester on Sunday. It was the desire of the Colonel that the ceremony should be performed upon the Opera House stage, in the presence of an audience but this was found to be impracticable, and so it was finally settled to como off in the Whitoomb House parlors at twelve M. yesterday. The affair was kept very quiet, and but few of our citizens were aware of the event which was to occur. As it ncared twelve o'clock, however, it was plainly visible inside the hotel that something unusual was to occur. Mem bers of the troupe were seen flying hither and thither through the hall and in and out of different apartments, and dressed in a fastidious manner. Even fad ood-natured Colonel Orr, the giant, evidently spent an unusual amount time on his toilet. At a few minutes Sfaxe, ast the mid-day hour, the Rev. Asa D. D., of the First Universalist Church, arrived at the hotel, and all those who had been invited to witness the ceremony gathered in the parlor and adjoining hall. Professor Jackson, of the opera troupe, was seated at the piano, and immediately struck up "The Wedding March," and the bridal party entered the parlor. The bride came first upon the arm of the groom, and then Miss Jennie Quiglcy and Admiral Dot, and Miss Saidie Belton and General Totman, all of whom officiated as bridemaids and groomsmen. They proceeded to theFrance northeast corner of the parlor, where they all stood upon a common-sized parlor mg, when Dr. Saxe entered. The piano ceased playing, there was a dead silence and the reverend gentle man commenced the ceremony, which was very impressive and of course interesting. The high contracting par ties were perfectly composed, and but for a mischievous smile on General Tot man's face and the tear drops on the cheeks of Saidie Belton there was noth ing to disturb the composure of the ser vice. Jennie Quiglcy had fully made up her mind to have the first kiss from the newly-made man and wife, and Dr. Saxe had no sooner uttered the last word of the ceremony than she turned like a flash of lightning and had her companions in her arms Introductions and congratulations then followed and continued for some time, when dinner was announced and the party adjourned to the dining hall and took possession of a special table that had been ire paredfor them.Rochester (N. Y.) Dem ocrat. IF the municipal authorities had the power, says a Pans letter, they would pulldown every monument built by Napoleon. The Courtesy of Promptness. IN all the list of popular proverbs, there is none which is neater or truer than the old Latin declaration that he gives twice who gives quickly." Nor is it only in charitable deeds that the advantages of promptness are thus manifest for there is scarcely a line of human conduct in which such celerity as is consistent with prudent action is no found to be an effective promoter of good results. But while all are ready to admit that promptness in thought, word and deed is an excellent characteristic, and one which is of great advantage to him of whose life it is an element, too many .regard it as a matter within their own concern, and not affecting the interest or the comfort of others. .If they choose to be a little dilatory, they con fess that they are doing themselves some harm thereby, but declare that it is their own business, with which no body else need trouble himself. In point of fact, however, a lack of due promptness in one's own actions, how ever personal and individual they may seem, is quite sure to be a marked in convenience or discourtesy or posi tive loss to some one else. In this so cial world, where no one can live for himself, and where the whole fabric of society is woven with threads of mutual assistance, one man's neglect or failure must work injury to others and this is specially true in matters of time. If you delay to do your part of any work, you are actually stealing time which does not belong to you, and may be thus diminishing the length of the working life of your friend: or neigh bor, or of some one whom you never will know. An unanswered letter, an undone errand, an unspoken message, an unperformed piece of workif such things as these worked injury only to the lazy or forgetful man who has neg lected his duty, the loss to the world's good work would still be material but the injury is far greater because it bin ders or destroys that which would have been done by some one else, or many others. And the pettiest men, by their lack of promptness, may impede great works on the part of the world's best laborers. ^*r 1 Indeed, it may truly be said that, if promptness is not always a character istic of great men, it is an essential mark of true greatness, and that its lack is a defect, not an eccentricity. As a rule, the most successful and compe tent persons, in any department of human effort* are those who most con stantly bear in mind the duty of unde layed action. It is not the great mer chants, or professional men, or states men, who are most negligent of the lesser duties of life, in all matters where quickness is necessary or desirable. Those who are the busiest are pretty sure to be the most prompt, for without trustworthy readiness they could hardly have achieved success to begin with, nor kept it when won. It is the little peo ple of the intellectual world, or the world of business, who make the most fuss about "not having time" to do this or that. The Department of State, the large mercantile establishment, or the world-famous professional man, returns a prompt reply to your question of business while it is the cheap cobbler or the cross-roads lawyer who keeps you waiting for a month, and disap points you at last. A failure to arrange one's affairs with a view to their prompt management is more often duo to sliittlcssness, or in capacity, or downright wickedness, than to an overwhelming pressure of duties, or to an accidental oversight. It was brutality, not greatness, which led Napoleon to leave all letters un opened for six weeks, because in that time nine out of ten would answer themselves. It was mental inertness which made that magnificent failure, Coleridge, leave all letters perpetually unopened and unanswered. Men suc ceed, or partly succeed, in spite of such neglect of moral duty, but never in con sequence of it. It is not well for the most of us to think that our powers in other things are so great as to permit us to imitate that neglect of social de cency, in the matter of promptness and the keeping of promises, which some celebrated persons have felt themsch es licensed to display. No man is too gieat to bo absolved from the duty of courteous promptness, and no man is too small to bo aided by its practice. 8. S. Times. Bullion and Exchange. IT is desirable to mention a mode of international payment of debts due by one country to another which is daily carried on to an immense extent, and strikingly illustrates the nature and ac tion of money. These payments are made with bullionthat is, with gold or silver uncoined, in its natural state of bars or ingots of metal. The necessity for such a payment in coin or metal arises from* the fact that one country has bought from another more than it has sold to it, and consequent) must pay the balance with some form of money. The transmission of coin ould besubject to the inconvenience that the coin sent over would be a sti anger in the new counti) it entered the stamp would be a tioublesome surplusage, ultimately requiung to be cftaced by melting. Gold com docs its work by means of the value of the metal, gold and thus wc can understand that an equal weight of bullion will be ac opted as a payment equivalent to the same weight of gold in coin, without the in cumbiance of a stamp. The process by whieh the quantity of the bullion re quired to be sent across is calculated is somewhat complicated, but on many accounts it is very important to under stand it Let us "suppose that England has bought moie Ficnch goods than lias bought of English goods, she has to remit a quantity of gold of the value of the difference to France. The debts which this remittance rs made to pa\ are all counted in French fiancs, the traders of Fiance hive so many fiancs to receive of England. I'ho calculation is effected I)) means of what is called the rate of exchange that is, the number of fiancs which are the equal in value of the English pound or sovereign. The par of exchange, as it is termed, indicates the exact equal value of a sovereign in francs. Thus, a sovereign and a twenty-franc napo leon are compared in weight, and it is found that the sovereign contains a little more gold in weight than one and one-fourth napoleon, true par being about twenty -nve and one-eighth francs. A French creditor, therefore, who has to receive payment from England, must receive a sovereign, that is, the gold contained in a sovereign, for evcrv twenty-five and one-eighth francs he is entitled to receive 1 Magazine. and that qutntity of bullion is sent to him fiom England. He gets the gold of as many napoleons as his bill amounts to. This explana tion supposes that the calculation is made when the exchange between the two countries is at par, that is, when the sovereign will fetch in French money exactly as much gold as it con tains. But the exchange is seldom at par, and the vaiiations are sometimes serious. This, howevc/, is a matter which it is impossible to enter into in this place.Jlonamy Price, Frascr1* A good judge of mutton ought to be wetherwise The Liberty Cap. HE "Liberty Cap" takes its origin from the ancient Phrygian cap, which may be seen in all the representations of the Trojans in Flexman's illustrations to Homer. In ancient Greece and Rome slaves were not allowed to have the head covered, and part of the cere mony of freeing a slave was placing this cap on his head, which thus became the symbol of liberty and was so regarded during the Roman Republic. A cap on a pole was used by Saturninus as a token of liberty to all slaves who might join him, and Manns raised the same symbol to induce the slaves to take arms with him against Scylla. After the death of Csesar the conspirators marched out in a body with a cap borne before them on a spear, and it is said that a medal struck on the occasion and bearing this device is still in existence. In Dr. Zinkeisen's "History of the Jacobin Club" we are told that the "Liberty Cap" or "Bonnet Rouge" was introduced by the Girondists and that it owed its favorable reception principally to an article by Brissot, which appeared in the Patriate Francois and in which he declared that the "mournful uniform of hats" had been introduced "by Eistors riest and despots" and proved from that "all great nationsthe Greeks, the Romans and Gaulshad held the cap in peculiar honor." It is also said that the "Bonnet Rouge" was habitually worn by the galley slaves and was adopted as the symbol of freedom after the release of the Swiss regiments of Chateau Vicux. and it is very likely that this circumstance Kt ve the first impulse to the fashion, it soon became identified with the "Liberty Cap" of antiquity.if, T WorkFs **NotC9 and Qtterisb"^ %mmMk^i WHOLE NUMBER 1^1 Congress and the Cattle Plajrue. HE subject of treating disease of cat tie is yearly growing in importance, and an effort will be made to have Congress take the matter in hand. In a recent address. Prof. James Low, of Cornell University, remarked that "the power of enforcing our live stock sanitary laws should 00 exercised absolutely ami instantly, when necessary, and guided by some one thoroughly versed in the diseases of animals. We have in this country live stock worth nearly $2,000,- 000,000. The possibilities of loss by the importation or spread of an animal plague are perfectly appalling. With 40,000,000 head of live stock, England has lost in the last thirty-five years live stock valued at $500,000,000 what might not our experience be if we were to allow a general diffusion of the same diseases among our 90,000,000, head of live stock? There is no need to go to England for a terrible example of ani mal scourge. It is etimatcd that last year wc lost not less than $21,000,000, from one of our native animal plagues, the hog cholera. There is a better prospect now that Congress will give some consideration to the question of how to deal with animal epidemics. There are eight specific disease poisons that arc communicable from animals to men, and no less than twenty-one parasites, any one of which may rise to the importance of an epizootic. There are no less than fourteen contagious and thirty-four parasites of farm ani mals that are not communicable to man. These last may be classified as exotic and indigenous. Maladies that are im ported and maintain their existence by a continuous reproduction of seeds or germs, and that are the true plagues, never rise spontaneously on our soil, and may be eradicated as surely as a noxious weed. But maladies that de velop spontaneously on American soil can never bo permanently rooted out until we can ascertain every un-hygienie condition in the climate, locality and management, and obviate the condi tions on which the generation of such maladies depends. There is one exotic cattle plague now prevalent which de mands more urgent means for its extir pation than all the others put together It is the bovine lung plague (contagious pleuro-pneumonia), which was iniported into Brooklyn in 1843. The plague is gradually extending to the West and South. If it reached the unfenced cat tle ranges of^ the West and South it would be impossible to eradicate it, as herd mingling with herd would spread the infection on every side. Whenever this disease has been introduced injo eoramon pastures it has maintained a permanent residence. Since cattle aro shipped from Texas and the plains to all parts of the Union, no State will be safe if the infection once reaches them. As the seeds of this disease remain la tent in the system for from ten days to three and one-half months, and only be come manifest by their effects at the end of this time, infected cattle may be carried from ocean to ocean or from tho lakes to the gulf, in apparent health, and yet spread pestilence. Unless tho United States Government steps in to control the means of extirpating this disease and of protecting against new importations, our herds will never be freed of it." Tho subject, it will be readily seen, is one of vast importance and national in its character, and can not be too soon subjected to the severest sanitary re straints The investigation should be committed to men in all regards quali fied to master it, and the remedies when found should be applied with such vigor as to arrest the spread of the disease. The danger has been too long neglected, and the demand now is for vigorous work.Indiana State Sentinel. HE notion has gone abroad thai children's books aie easy to write, and that occasionally they pay" well. We can easily believe that the major portion of the child's books that ap pear now-a-days are very easy indeed to write, though how they can be made to "pay" is a mystery to us. But it is known to the wise that to write a good child's book is the most difficult literary feat achievable, which hardly anybody short of a Shakespeare or a Solomon should havo the audacity to attempt. But alas! audacity is tho fashion.London Standard. An Ingenious Mechanical Wonder. MR. WILLIAM GROLLMITZ, a German citizen, has constructed and set up at his house a novel piece of mechanism, consisting of a sort of clock-work put in motion by two hundred-pound weights, which places in action in an interesting and amusing manner var ious objects on a platform eleven feet in length and five feet in width. The platform is covered with green moss, and along a meandering course various automatic figures of men, women and animals arc moving to and fro, turning about or dancing. In the background!, situated on a mountain, is a windmill, and at the foot of the mountain a water mill. The wheels of both mills are put in operation by water flowing from a pond in the meadow, and in which ducks and geese are swimming. In the center of the pond a waterspout shoots its streamlets high in the air. At tho extreme right end of the platform is a church, and in it a fine orchestral in strument which discourses several of the most pleasing church and national airs. Over it is a fac-simile representa tion of the great Strasburg clock. The Twelve Apostles appear and move in a circle around their Master, each bowing as he passes. When Peter approaches, a soldier standing on one side of the steeple appears, and a cock on the op posite side flaps its wings and crows. Satan also appears at an upper door, and eyes Judas until he is out of sight. On the left of the church is a stable, and lying a manger is the child Je. sus, and kneeling around him Joseph and Mary and the shepherds. Tho Wise Men of the East are approaching the stable, carrying gold, frankincense and myrrh. This does not by any means exhaust the various objects of interest.Buffalo Commercial. IT is said that the Emperor Alexander of Russia has become a confirmed hyp ocondriac. He shuts himself up for days, and can with difficulty be per suaded to take food, which must be left at bis chamber door. He frequently bursts into tears, and is afflicted with strange dreams. On the night when these seize him two doctors sit up in his bed-room. In short, it is supposed he is mentally affected, and his long seem] skm afclivadia, it is believed, istobe de voted a system of treatment wtteb witt ef&er km or wye. -'-An ASjrislBttt Postmaster at Pitts field, Miss., amsd one thousand dol lar*tohi|nsomfrin a year by remov ing fresh postage- stiasm from letters, putting on those'that Jtaabeea used, and selling the-stolen ones. He used the money in maintaining hia social pretensionjfc