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New Ulm weekly review. [volume] (New Ulm, Minn.) 1878-1892, January 12, 1887, Image 2

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New IJlm Review.
BRANDT & WEDDENDORF, Publishers.
NEWTJLM, MINNESOTA.
Gov. Hubbard's Message.
BIENNIAL MESSAGE OF GOV. L. F. HUBBARD.
Gentlemen of the Senate and House of Repra
aontatives: Following the precedent established
by my predecessor npon retiring from office, I
have the honor to submit for vour information a
brief review of the transactions of the executive
department of the state government during the
period that has elapsed since the legislature was
last In session.
The extraordinary growth in population and
the corresponding wealth which have character
ized the development of the state withmthe
period named are the source of much gratifica
tion and pride to our people, and omens of great
promise for the future of our beloved common
wealth. It requires but a careful husbandry of
"$he rich and varied resources with which nature
has endowed us and a wise administration of
the trusts committed to our caie to assure that
proud destiny for our state which the possibili
ties of the future present.
FINANCES.
The following statements give a general idea
of the transactions of the treasurv for the flsca1
years of 1885 and 1886 The anditor's and
treasurer's reports furnish the information in
much greater detail: hence, for exact infoima
tlon respecting each item, I refer you to those
documents.
BECEJPTS
1885.
Cash balance Julv 31,1884 $936,795 04
Cash balance July 31,1885.
Btate taxes
Miscellaneous receipts
from counties.
Taxes on gross receipts
of railroad companies..
Taxes and fees on insur
ance, telegraph and
mining companies
Principal ou school, uni
versity and internal
Improvement land con
tracts
Interest on the same
Interest oninvested trust
funds
Sale of bonds, account of
trust funds
Miscellaneous
1886.
615,1*5 26
660^98" 80 513,313 42
37,090 81 39,40)5 37
673,302 69 591.333 67
70,641 38 84,144 41
232,660 29
218,400 83
306,076 32
332,813 59
139,472 25 164,513 25
668,262 50
287,468 43 192,782 47
Totals $3,014,459 18 $3,748,864 50
DISBUBSEMEENTS.
Legislative expenses...
[Executiveexpenses..
Judicial expenses
Printing and stationerv
[Printing laws news
I papers
Books and court teports.
I Support of insane
i Support of deaf and
I dumb, blind and imbe
cile schools
Supp't of normal schools
Support of prison
Support of reform school
Support of universitv...
ew buildings and im
provements at state
institutions
State agricultural socie
ty buildings
Purchase of bonds for
trust funds
Apportioned school fund
Minnesota nat'l guard
Census expenses
Interest on state debt
Redemption of state
debt
High schools, institutes
and text books
Agricultural societies
Tree bounties
Roads and bridges
Miscellaneous
1885. 1886.
878,605 72
69,902 30
82,474 76
43,206 44
870,'606'59
98,537 32
14,916 81
34,191 00
8,594 90
216,639 30
7,162 78
218,026 67
60.000 00
40,W5 62
65,9 06
35,000 00
72,140 08
62,459 01
48,000 00
63,674 16
35,000 00
71,357 71
171,941 70 263,569 95
15,000 00 85,000 00
502 494 18
350,781 55
27,384 91
3,485 14
186,919 35
al
8* 2,250 00
333.753 12
20.891 81
30,754 48
184,404 74
23,000 00 116,000 00
101,192 67
9,853 Gti
14,234 25
49,419 45
141,923 68
i5,60 84
17,887 90
21.528 92
47,497 56
167,837 83
Total $2,400,313 62 $2,816,719 23
Balances July 31 $614,145 56 8932,145 27
The balance the several funds July 31,1886,
were as follow
Revenue fund $33,1 27 20
Redemption fund 594 9 4
Forestry fund 36.856 42
Permanent school fund 350,513 81
General school fund 218,697 33
Permanent universitv fund 76,390 15
General universitv fund 11,034 53
Internal impiovement land fund... 136,846 33
Internal Imp land fund interest... 26,891 91
Internal improvement fund 14,422 86
School text-book fund 22,021 22
Swamp land fund 4,748 86
Tot
$932,145 27
It will be bourne in mind that the above state
ment represents the condition of the treasurv
on the 31st dav of last July. Since that date
the amounts then standing to the credit of the
permanent trust funds have been largely in
Vested in interest-bearing securities, and the
general school fund distributed to the seveial
school districts of the Btate The revenue fund
also has not onlv been exhausted, but has bor
rowed largelv fiom other funds (as authorized
by law) in the pavmnt of appropriations made
for the current fiscal vear. The fiscal year be
gins Aug. 1, and, as a rule, appropriations tor the
year have been regarded as available at any time
after that date. The revenues, however, are not
received to any considerable extent until eight
months thereafter The taxes on railroads (the
largest single source of revenue) are not paid
until March, and receipts upon the tax rolls are
Inconsiderable until about the same time. It
would largely relieve the treasury from the in
convenience caused bv this state of things if ap
propriations for the fiscal year, except for cur
rent expenses, were mi de payable after April 1.
The following is the auditor's estimate of re
sources and liabilities for the years named:
BESOUBCES.
1887.
asb.July 31/86
State taxes
Railroad taxes
Ins'ce Co. taxes
Tele'h Co. taxes
Interest on de-
Prison re'ts,etc.
Trf's of forestry
and redemp'n
Unpaid appr'ns
July 31,1886
Exeo've ex pen's
Judicial expo's.
Printing, paper
Bond interest..
Support of in-
stitutions
Iieglsl've expe's
Print'g laws in
newspapers
*l Totals
1
Nit
1888. 1889.
$33,137 20
460,000 00
650,000 00
80,000 00
7,000 00
$555,000
650,000
85,000 10,000
$588,000
650,000
85,000 10,000
6,000 OC
30,000 00
6,000 6.00C
30,000 85,001)
50,000 00
Totals... 81.316.137 20 $1,336,000 $1,374,000
1887. 1888, 1889.
$288,755 02
73,220 00
95,800 00
35,000 00
100,000 OC
$73,220
95.000 20,000
100,000
$73,220
95,800 40.000
100,000
534,360 00
123,750 00
Fire CoaMins.
taxes)....
675,000
30,000
600.000
30,000
25.000 00
124.825 00
100,000 00
25.000
125,000
25,000
125 000
100.opt
33,000 00 35,*
Sl,635,7l0 02 $1,044,020 $1,224 020
Fiscal vear 1887.$I,316,137 20 $1,535,710 02
Fiscal vear 1888. 1,336,000 00 1,044,020 Oo
Fiscal year 1889. 1,374,000 00 1,224,020 0
Totals $4,026,137 20 $3,803.750 00
These estimates of the state's resources, will
doubtless closelv approximate the actual reve
nue receipts. The estimates" of disbursements
Also will probably be nearly verified by the act
ual expenditures, except in th* item of new
buildings for 1888 and 1889. The estimate of
$30,000 ie annum for that purpose falls
largely short of the estimates submitted bv
their different boards of control for permanent
improvements at our state institutions. In con
sidering these latter estimates, therefore, in
connection with the requirements of other de
partments ot the cai government, and the
probable revenues from which appropriations
must be paid, the nece-sitv of a redaction of th
one or an incense
nt the other will be made ap
parent. The unpleasant dutv was imposed
upon me bv vour immediate predecessors of
withholding mv approval to several appropria
tions made for most worthy object-, simplv be
cause the revenues of the state wer not suffl-
cien*- to meet them. A proper adjust mn ot
expenses to income is an elemental businps
principle as applicable to the state a* to the in
dividual. Without questioning, therefoie, ihe
utility, or perhaps the necessity, of the expendi
ture contemplated In the estimates referred o,
their m&jrnkude, in the aggregate, pieaents thl
alternative of restiictins appropriations or in
creasing the tax lew.
The status of the trust funds of the-state on
the 31st of last Juiy was as tallows:
PEBMANENT SCHOOL FUND.
X2Berfl0ntxacIi 8,694,342 15
Unpaid drafts, .drawn prior to
Dec. 1,1882 1,172 25
$1,981,000 Minnesota R, R. ad
justment bonds..... 1,980.02$ 00
61,000 Minnesota revenue bonds 61,000,00
$51,650 United States registered
4 per cent bonds 62,994 18
$1,700,000 Tennessee 3 per cent
bonds 1,164,250 00
Total $7,314,797 39
Less premiums paid on United
States bonds from general fund. 11,631 25
Total $7,303,166 14
PEBMANENT UNIVERSITY FUND.
Cash $76,390 15
Land contracts 403,644 6p
$280,000 R R. adjustmest bonds 280,000 00
Fruitfarm 1,309 10
Experimental farm. 8,500 00
Total $769,843 90
INTEKNAIi IMPROVEMENT LAND FUND.
Cash $136,846 33
Laud contracts 1,380,514 45
$322,000 Minnesota railroad ad
rnent bonds 322,000 00
Interest overdraft 11,276 32
Total $,850,6ir7 10
Less adjustment bonds canceled. 322,000 00
Total $1,528*627 10
These abatements show an increase in these
funds two vears of $1,382,610 84, and an ag
gregate accumulation of $9,601,637 14 Th'
vet remain unsold of the congressional gram
land liom which these funds are derived (esti
mating the full grant to common schools at
3,090,000 acres.) 1,887,571 acres in the common
school grant, 89,823 acres in the univeisitv
grant, and 175,317 in the internal improvement
land grant. It seems likelv that former esti
mates of the ultimate accumulations of the.se
funds will be realized, and that when all the
lands are disposed of the permanent school
fund will amount to fullv $18,000,000. the uni
versitv lund to over $1,000,000. and the in
ternal improvement land fund to nearly $3,-
000,000.
BTATE DEBT.
The indebtedness of the state is represented
by the following issues of bonds:
Railroad adjustment bonds, isssue
of 1831, due in twenty and redeem
ab.e in ten years, 4*2 per cent $3,965,000
Revenue bonds, issue of 1883, re
deemable at the pleasure of tho
state, 4*2 per cent 61,000
Total $4,026,000
The state debt ha been reduced in two years
$457,000 by the rdemption of $139,000 of rev
enue bonds, and the cancellation of $322,000 of
adjustment bonds, held by the internal im
provement land fund. The balance of the rev
enue bonds, $61,000 will redeemed from the
revenues of the current fiscal year. The inter
nal improvement land fund is practically sink
ing fund for the redemption of the railroad ad
justment bonds Tnat fund now holds securities
to the amount of $1,528,627. The balanua of
lands belonging to this fund will, when sold,
add more than a million dollars to this accumu
lation, and thus reduce the state debt due with
out taxation to less than $1,500,000.
EDUCATION.
The superintendent of public Instruction re
ports that "in all departments of our educa
tional system there has been uninterrupted
prosperity." He. however, notes some defects
which detract from its harmonious working,
and recommends in that behalf such remedial
legislation as will secuie its more perfect organ
ization. I would especiallv call attention to his
recommendation that the common school organi
zation be changed from the district to the town
ship plan. The advantages of this change are
succinctly set for in tho superintend
ent's report, and his conclusions I
cordially concur. His suggestion, also,
that the school dis rict or township fr,rnish
text books free to all pupil3 is in the line of DOI
icy of the state that our common schools shall
be maae "free schools" in the fullest significa
tion af the term. From a table in the suprem
tendent' rseport, "showing the general distribu
tion of the expense of instruction," it appears
that with a much higher rate of local taxation
the country districts of the state expend less
per scholar than those in the cities and towns,
notwithstanding the children in the latter re
ceive over a third longer term of instruction
each year. These facts prove that the proneitv
of the country is bearing an inequitable burden
ot taxatien for educational purposes. When we
are reminded, too, that "the state is aiding bv
direct tax all other departments of education,
but is giving directly no such aid to the common
schools" (the present one-mill tax being simply
a compulsory local tax.) the thought is sug
gested that we are neglecting the great source
of education for the people. The super
intendent's reccommendatlou In this con
nection that a special tax of one mill be levied
for the benefit of the common schools of the
state to be added to the present apportionment
from the income of the permanent fund, is com
mended to your favorable consideration. The
theorv of our system is that the greatest possi
ble facility for an education shall be offered
every child in the state. The greatest burdens
society bears are the outgrowths of ignorance
and the vices with which it is associated, and
for their relief preventive influences which edu
cation provides are surely more effective than
the curative measures furnished bv our reforma
tory and penal institutions. The education of
the masses is limited to tho instruction received
in the common schools. Comparatively few
reach the high schools or the university. It Is
the first duty of the state, therefore, and con
ducive to its highest interest to foster and de
velop our Bvstem of common schools. Thev are
the schools of the people, and the burden of their
support should be borne bv all the people
equally, or as nearly so as practicable.
There has been expended for the support of
schools for the past two years $6,122,077, as
follows:
1885. 1886
Forcommon schools....$2,620,721 $3,198,815
For state university.... 69,385 79.156
For high schools 23,000 23,000
Wee corraal sohooie 48,000 48.000
For teachers'institutes. 6,000 6,000
$2,767,106 $3,354,971 Total A
The enrollment in the public schools was
225,215 1885 and 243,059 in 1886.
The state university had 310 students in
1885 and 406 in 1886 Under the able admin
istration of President Northrop the universitv
is making substantial progress in all respects.
Its efficiencv is, however, somewhat impaired
by the lack of buildings required in some of its
departments. The wants of the institution in
this respect are fully set forth in the report of
the board of regents. Additional appropriations
to the amount of $150,000 are required to pro
vide the structures needed, and the regents
make an earnest appeal to your body for that
sum. It must be the policy of the state to make
her university a complete institution, and one
that will compare with the best of its class in
the country. It cannot reach the rank ot those
after which it Is modeled unless thoroughly
equipped In all its parts. The legislature has
heretofore responded promptlv to the want* of
the university, and I do not doubt it will do so
In the present case. It is the judgment of the
regents, as expressed to me, that the appropria
tions might be distributed over a period of three
years, or $50,000 per annum, without embarass
ment to the university. There was expended
for new buildings during the post year the sum
of $38,000.
For current expenses $40,000 per annum will
be required for the ensuing two years.
The high schools of the state have increased
to 59 and their enrollment to 3,195. In the
character of their work and the results accom
plished, theae schools have made mveh progress
and give ample promise for the future.
The normal schools have increased their en
rollment until the capacitv of the Minkato and
St. Cloud buildings have become insufficient for
the accommodation of the pupils in attendance,
and appropriations are asked for their enlarge
ment.
The requirements of the three schools in addi
dition to the annual appropriations tor their
support as reported by the board, are as follows:
Winona. Mankato. St. Cloud.
Addition to build-
ings: $50,000 $40,000
^4,500
5,000 5,000
Repairs $4,000
Purchase of lots...
Improving grounds
Furniture, appar-
atus, etc
Annual increase for
current expenses 2,000 5,000 12,000
Deficiency on la- t.
dies'home 3,000
500 :w 2,700
Total $6,000 $67,000 $47,700
The Winnna school also asks an appropriation
tor a ladies' home, but no estimate of its cot is
given. The normal schools sustain a prominent
and most Important relation to our education-it
system, and should command in
thethe future,tas
in the rast, the fostering car
of st.i
Their necessities increase with the developroen.
of the commonwealth, and their requirements
should receive such liberal consideration as JS
bestowed upon all our state institution".
Expenditures for permanent impiovement=
and repairs weie at St. Cloud $21,500.35, and at
W-nona $1,480 68.
The enrollment was.?'
& 1885
Winona.. V-
Mankato.... J..,d...,^.. 577
1886
51
St. Cloud. 342
&7( 614 375
CQtals,^.^v^,^.K4^**W.J.-43o lSbo
CE BOABD OF OOBBECTIONS AND CHARITIES.
Che report of^ihe board ot curreciiJus *&
charities contains much valuable information
and makes Important recommendations repectr
ing the charitable, penal and leforraatorv insti
tutions of the state. A perusal of the report
win show that most valuable service has been
rendered fey the board in its efforts to improve
the methods obtaining in the management of
county jails, poorhouses and reformatories, and
that our Institutions as v/ell nave received much
benefit from the advisory relations it has ob
tained toward them. An important service re
cently inaugurated by this board has been the
adoption of a uniform system of accounting bv
the several state instutions The tables pre
pared by the secretary ot the board, as published
in the report, show at a glance the per capita
-cost of maintenance of inmates in each institu
tion, and a division of such cost among the sev
eral items of expense incurred. I commend to
your considerate attention the review of the
work of the board and the recommendations
contained in its xeport.
STATE PUBLIC SCHOOL.
Under the provisions of chapter 140 of the
General Laws of 1885, which provides for the
establishing and conducting of a state school
for neglected aad dependent children, there has
been established and recently set in operation
in the city of Owatonna, an institution of the
character contemplated. An eligible site in
cluding 160 acres of land was donated bv the
cltv, upon which have been elected three cot
tages, furnishing accomodations for about
sixty pupils. Tho school is charge of Prof
G. A. Merrill as superintendent, a gentleman of
peculiar qualifications for the duty, who has
had much experience in the same line of dutv in
connection with the state public school ot
Michigan. While the buildings were constructed
at a cost within the appropriation of $20,000,
that sum was insufficient to furnish them and
provide for current expenses of the institution
until such time when the legislature could
make further appropriations for its use The
deficiency has been upp led, however, by the
citizens of Owatonna, who generously advanced
$5,000 for the purpose indicated. An early ap
propriation will be asked for their reimburse
ment.
The report of the commissioners will advise
you of all details respecting the location ot the
Institution, the construction and equipment of
its buildings and the organization ot the school.
I heartily and confidently commend to vour fos
tering care this young institution, believing
that in the near future it will demonstrate its
great possibilities tor good. As a most worthy
public charitv, as a certain agency of moral le
torm and as an undoubted measure of public
pcouomy, the state public school asks lor you
uerous consideration.
The estimate of appropriation required for the
immediate future of the institution are a? fol
lows* ior current expenses balance of fiscal
year 1887. $7,000
For reimburement of citizens of Owa
tonna 5,000
For deficiency and incidentals 3,000
For current expenses 1888 12,000
For current expenses 1889 15.000
For new buildings 80,000
BEFOBM SCHOOL.
The reform school had under its care, July 31,
191 inmates. During the two year* there were
committed to the institution 168, and dis
charged therefrom 96. The expenses cf main
tenance were $29,467.03 for 18S5 and*3.',-
564.62 for 1886, as appears from the report of
the board of managers. Fortv thousand dollars
for expenses and $2,000 for repairs per annum
are the estimates for the next two vears There
is little to criticise and much to commeud
the management of the institution. If it main
tains in the future a record consistent with its
past history, it will not tall short of a lull ac
complishment of its mission. Additional ac
commodations are required at this institution,
but before appropriations are made for the pur
pose of increasing them, I would suggest the
advisability of a change of location. The growth
of population in the vicinity of the school has a
distracting influence upon its inmates, which is
likelv to develop into a senous hindrance to its
successful management The property the in
stitution occupies has become very valuable,
and could doubtless be sold for a sum sufficient
to purchase an eligible site elsewhere, and erect
thereon =mtable buildings sufficient for its use
for several years to come
INSTITUTION FOB THE DEAF AND DUMB, THE
BLIND AND THE FEEBLE-MINDED.
The administration of that most beneficent
public charity, the state institution for defective
children, embracing the schools for the deaf and
dumb, tor the blind and for the feeble-minded,
is characterized, as neretofore, by ability, effi
ciency and an intelligent economy Dunne the
past vear there have been in attendance 157
pupils in the school for the deaf and dumb, 36
.in that tor the blind, and 78 in that tor tne
feeble-minded. For admission to the latter
there are now on file seventy applications in ex
cess of accommodations furnished by the pres
ent buildings, and the board of directors theie
fore ask for an appropriation for their enlarge
ment. The estimates submitted for further ap
propriations are as follows:
For construction and furnishing cus
todial buildings, school for feeble
minded
For completion ot present building,
laundry, boiler house, steam heating,
etc.
For purchase ot land
For cuirent expenses. 1888 90,000
For current expenses, 1889 95,000
$45,000
15.000
2.500
Total $247,500
Disbursements on account of -.he institute the
past two year,s were:
Additional building, feeble-minded $30,000 00
Additional building, deaf and dumb 10,000 00
Repairs, etc 4.000 00
Current expenses, 1885 63,929 28
Current expenses, 1886 64,607 80
Total $172,597 58
Full information respecting the organization,
work and requii ements of these schools is fur
nished by the reports of their respective super
intendents and the board of directors A con
tinuance of the liberal policy the state has here
tofore exercised toward this institute I believe
to be warranted by the character and the results
of its work.
INSANE HOSPITALS.
At the end of the last fiscal year there were
1,479 patients under treatment in the two in
sane hospitals of the state, 874 at St. Peter and
605 at Rochester, an increase of 286 since the
last biennial report of the trustees There waS
expended for the maintenance of the insane
$223,905.71 in 1885, and $228,696 97 1886,
and for new structures and improvements at the
two institutions $112,674 41 for the two years.
The estimated requirements tor the next bi
ennial period are as follows-
Roches-
St. Peter. ter.
New doubled detached ward. $50,000
(Reconstructing of central
building. 72,000
Improvements and repairs.. $14,500 7,300
Electric lights 5,000 5.000
Current expenses, 1888 163.800 131,040
Current expenses, 1889. 163,800 131.040
Total $347,100 $396,380
The extension contemplated in these esti
mates will give a maximum capacity for the
care of 2,000 patients, sufficient to meet prob
able requirements for three years to come. It is
assumed that the third hospital, the location of
which is provided for in chapter 161 of the
General Laws of 1885, will be available for oc
cupancj in part by the time this class of popu
lation shall exceed the number stated.
The capacity of the state prison has been en
larged since 1885 by the addition of 150 cells,
at a cost of $56,500. It now affords rccommo
dation for 600 inmates. The popnlation of the
institution numbered 386 at the date of the in
spectors' report. Juh 31. 1886, which has been
increased to 407 since that time.
The current expenses were $65,018.30 i
1885, and $b-=
),U5.8 2 in 1886 and the earningn
$43,179.74 and $47,472.60 for the same ye*rs
respectively. The net per capita cost of main
taining the convicts has been reduced from
$100.79 in 1881 to $42.88 in 1886.
The estimates ot the warden for two vears to
come are: Expenses, $73,000 and $75,000:
earnings, $50,000 and $55,000. An Inventory
of tbe property of the prison, real and persona!,
shows a total investment of "$639,312 16, not
including $53,000 net loss by the ffre of Janu
ary, 1884. The inspectors report the "institu
tion out of debt, with no deficiency or special
appropriation to be asked for."
The present capacity of the prison will proba
bly be sufficient to meet the requirements of the
sftite in this regard until accommodations are
provided in the second state prison contemplat
ed bv chapter 157 of the General Laws ot 1885.
I believe it to be the sentiment of tbe people
of th state that the new prison should bear the
character of a reformatory rather than of a
prison proper. A large proportion of the inmates
of our prison are voung men sentenced tor their
first off *nse and serving short terms. Thev do
not belong to the enminal classeg. Tbeyjarenot
wedded to evil ways, and are susceptible to in
fluences that would win them back tb an honest
course of life. Their association with profes
sionals and incorrigibles in prison, and the stig
ma that follows taem when discharged, influence
for evil their after life. If committed to a re
formatory, where their surroundings would sug
gest a purpose to reform as well as to puniih
them, and where their term of service would $
made dependent ou their good conduct and
manifest disposition to abandon evil wavs, tt
would stimulate the better instincts of their
nature, and they would go forth again among
their fellow-men hopeful and determineji,
rather than despairing and reckless.
An adoption of this policy would involve suih
mortification* in the penal code as woulo] per-
mit indeterminate sentences, and provide'for
conditional dischfegex from the institution. It
has been tintedin other-states with moat gratify
ing results.
SOXlDIBBS' IHOME.
The Minnesota'department of the Grand Arrm
of the Republic at its last annual encampment
appointed a (committee to'present to your body
the subject of the 'establishment of a home for
"disabled, indigent veterans residing in the
state," and of temporary provision for the re
lief of such tveterans as might not wih to be
come occupants of a soldiers' home. I desire to
supplement the appeal of that committee by the
expression of an earnest hope that the necessary
appropriation will beimade by vour Dody to
carry out the objects specified. There is no ob
ligation more sacred or binding npon tbe peo
ple of this country than that ample provision
.should be made foi the care and comfort in their
declining years of the veterans of the late war,
who from disability ormisfortune become needy
or dependent. The adjutant general in his re
port cites cases of disabledsoldiers who are now
cared for in some of our county poorhouses
This is a discredit to the honor and patriotism
of Minnesota. It is unworthy of the proud rec
ord these veterans made for our scate during the
war The Grand Army of the Republic ask not
for a charity for their comrades, but rather for
the discharge of an obligation the state in
curred when she sent her sons to the front to
risk their all in defense of the republic. Their
efforts and sacrifices secured to the country that
peace and piopeiity which is the present heri
tage of us all, and the obligation Is ours that in
their last davs they may be made to realize in
fullest measure that their services are remem
bered with gratitude by their countrymen. The
homes provided by the general government are
already overcrowded, and many of the states
have established soldie s' homes or otherwise
made provision for their disabled veterans
Minnesota should not be laggard in the perform
ance of so grave a duty. With a view of aiding
you the consideiation of this subject, I have
obtained from several of the states such printed
matter as could be supplied relating to the es
tablishment and management of their soldiers'
homes, which is herewith transmitted for vour
information. The condition of the state finances
may not wanant the purchase of grounds and
the erection of buildings at the present time,
but there should be no delav in provision for
temporary aid. Our experience in the case of
soldiers' orphans furnishes a hint of the means
bv which her funds may be applied to fnrnish
immediate and sufficient rehet with the least
possible waste in adminis ration.
PUBLIC HEALTH.
The functions of the state and local boards of
health were materially enlarged and their
efficiency correspondingly increased by the leg
islation of 1885 respecting the control of infec
tious diseases of animals, the regulation of of
fensive trades, the supervision of sources of
water supply, and the act reorganizing and de
fining the duties of local boards. The state
board has now effected a very thorough sani
tary organization throughout the state, and
through its efficient executive officer, Dr. C. N.
Hewitt, keeps a watchful eve upon every town
ship. Through the agency of the 1.060 local
boards, prompt information is received of the
presence of any epidemic of infectious disease
in any quarter among men or animals, and
equally prompt measures are applied lor its iso
lation and suppression. The value and import
ance of such an organization has been reoeatedlj
demonstrated the successful management bv
the board through its agenev of several out
bieaksof smallpox and diphtheria in widoh
separated districts, and of a particularly agci
v.ited outbreak of glanders in horses in 188"
The board has adopted elaborate precaution
ary measures to protect the heids of the state
against pleuio-pneumonia, which has recent!*
developed to an alarming extent among cattle
states to the south and east of us. The danger
of a spread of the infection to Minnesota is re
garded as remote, but in the event of its appear
ance here most energetic measures for its quar
antine and extirpation have been prepared
Doubtless the most valuable service performed
by our boards of health is in the line of prevent
ive wors. They seek, bv the adoption of a
thorough svstem of sanitation our cities and
towns, a careful scrutiny of sources of watei
supply and their protection from pollution, the
the imposition of proper legulat ons and re
straints upon offensive trades and employments,
and kindred measures, to preserve the public
health bv the prevention cf disease. The \aluo
of this chaiacter of work cannot be measui ed by
results, but its benfits are being unconsciously
realized by everv inhabitant of the state
A caraful collation of the vital statistics ot the
state would prove of great value to our boards of
health as well as to the general public. As now
collected they aie practically worthless for anv
purpose, as they bear no pretense of accuracy
whatever. I would therefore renew my recom
mendation, made to your predecessors, that the
collection of such statistics be placed by law in
charge of the state board of health.
As the danger of the appearance of cholera in
this country as not wholly passed, I recom
mend a renewal of the contingent appropriation
made in 1885, to meet expenses arising from
such an emergency.
The recommendation of the stite board of
health respecting amendments to the statutes
will doubtless receive jour earlv examination
and appioval.
PUBLIC EXAMINEE.
I especially commend to vour attention the
report of the public examiner. His lucid exposi
tion of he defeats in our system of admimster
tering the public revenues should command
thoughtful siudv, with a view of a thorough re
vision of the methods now in use. His sugges
tions and r'coinmendations are too voluminous
for recapitulation here. I desire, however, to
call vour attention especia'lv, as I have that of
your predecessors, to the loose, inconsistent and
insecure methods which prevail respecting the
the receipt and disbursement of the public
funds bv countv officials The receipts for the
county treasuries of the state for the yeai end
ing February, 1886, were in excess of $'),0
000 The present system provides no ch
whatever upon couutv treasurers foi a ven
tion of their tiansactions covering this \a.-,u
sum. All vouchers and entnes peitaimng to
the receipt of these millions of the people's
money are piacticallv within the conuol of
the treasure! alone. One would suppose that a
statement of this character would startle the
taxpayers of the state, but it has been re
peated in this form and by the public examiner
from year to year, and received no heed This
state of things is accountable for the occasional
defalcations of county treasuiers repotted from
time to time, and is a standing temptation to
then* frequent recurrence The evident remedy
is suggested by the examiner, that "all receipts
for money should originate in the auditor's
office," thus providing an accurate and effective
check upon all transactions of the treasurer. I
venture to express the hope that this session
will not close without legislation necessary to
effect this reform.
The recent rapid development of the state, and
the corresponding increase in tbe number of
moneyed corporations over which the examiner
exercises supervision under the law, has greatly
added to the dut' ot his office. The work he
must now perform in connection with the ac
counts of oonnty officers has increased threefold
since the office was established in 1879. OBS
continued growth must constantly add to the
labor imposed upon him. He alreadv finds it a
physical impossibility to comply with the re
quirements of the law regulating his duties, and
asks for an increase in his clerical assistance.
It would be difficult to exaggerate the import
ance of this service to the public interests, and
it would be a most mistaken economy to- limit
tbe expenses ot its maintenance in a manner to
impair Its efficiency.
THE MILITIA.
The Minnesota national guard, as now consti
tuted, consists of two regiments of infantry, one
battery of artillery, and a troop of cavalry, repre
senting a total strength of 1,299 officers and
men. There have also been organized at differ
ent points in tne state reserve companies of in
fantry to the number of seven, to which the
state has furnished arms and equipments The
natiotial guard is fairly well equipped and has
attained a satisfactory degree of proficiency in a
knowledge of the militar.v art. Great credit is
due the officers and men for the time and atten
tion they have given to their duties as citizen
soldiers. Thev have shown an appreciation of
the recognition given them by the state, and
fully earned the encouragement and cordial sup
port of our citizens in the maintenance of their
organization. Some further recognition and ad
ditional aid in this behalf will be asked of th
legislature, which I think is warranted by the
past service and promise ot future usefulness of
the guard. The adjntanticeneral's report makes
some suggestions and recommendations in this
regard which I commend to your favor.
An interesting feature ot tbe adjutant gen
eral's report is an exhibit of tbe work of that
department in the prosecution of soldiers'
claims for pension. During tne past five vears
it has prosecuted 1,572 claims of this character,
secured the allowance of 849. representing a
monthly pension of $7,113.43 and arrears of
pension of $430,969.47, without the cost of a
dollar to the claimants. As an agency through
which our disabled veterans may secure with
out cost recognition of their rights Jrora the
general government, the adjutant general's office
renders invaluable service.
ATTOBNET QENEBAL.
The attorney general makes several important
recommendations respecting amendments to ex
isting statutes. I ouid particularly call your
attention to his reference to section 15, title
of chapter 34 of the General Statutes, and to a
recent decision of the suprome court construing
the same. This section relates to the mode and
manner by which a railroaa company may ac
quire its'right of way through lands belonging
to the sta$e. In the case of The Northern Pa
cific Railway. Comuany vs. The University ot
MiunosotaTlt was held by the court that
town lots belonging to or held initxnst for the
Btate university, but not set apart or occupied
for public purpose*, might be aeguired by con
demnation proceedings as in the case ot lands of
private persons or corporations. In this con
nection the attorney general remarks.-: '"Tin view
of the tact that the property of the university is
the property of the Btate, and consequently
could not be taken without express legislative
authority, and in view of the fact that in the
clause found in section 15 supra, there is noth
ing limiting the right to take phe class of prop
erty referred to, to property not devoted to a
public use. this decision would seem to place all
the lands of the state, however occupied, at the
mercv of any railroad enterprise passing near
the same." This statement of the attorney gen
eral will be sufficient to indicate to vouThe im
portance of so amending the statute that it mav,
by explicit language, be limited to the lands
granted by congress to the state to endow the
university, for the benefit of schools, for pur
poses of internal improvement and lands of that
character.
With the object of forcing the old land grant
railroad companies whose roads have been sold,
but which kept up their organizious for the sole
purpose of holding their lands exempt from tax
ation, to dispose of such lands and thns place
them in the tax lists, the attorney general com
menced proceedings against five of these com
panies in the supreme eourt to forfeit their
charters In two of these cases such a convey
ance of the lands was made bv agreement as de
stroyed their immunity from taxation One
case was decided adversely to the state, but the
others have very recently been adjudged in its
favor. This action will lesult in iarge additions
to the tax lists of several of the counties of the
state and a more equitable distribution ot the
buidensof taxation The attorney geneial has
successtully prosecuted a claim tor an increase
of taxes due from the Noithern Pacific Railwa\
company, which under the judgment of couro
will add $40,154.59 to he revenues of the state
for the current year. In ali these proceeJmgs
the attorney general hos mamtested that indus
try, energy and ability that has peculiarly sig
nalized the administsation of his department
throughout the term of his incumbency of the
office.
STAT DAIBY. COMMISSION.
The dairy interests of the state weie at ene
time threatened with meparable injury bv the
competition of oleagmeous products which were
being generally intioduced into our maiket
As a measure of protection to this importtnt
and rapidly growing industry of our people, the
legislature of 1885 enacted a law prohibiting
"the sale or manufacture of unheilthv or adul
terated daily products A commissioner and
an assistant authorized bv the Jaw were ap
pointed to enforce its provisions The \er\' in
teresting report of the commissioner will aJ
vise vou of his proceedings aud evi erieno"
the discharge of his duties As wasevpeHed,
he encountered the energetic opposition of n
ufacturers and dealers the fiaudulent
product, who attacked the law the courts and
by every possible device sought to defeat its ex
ecution. The commissioner and his abic dist
ant, however, were indefatigable and pei siKtent,
and as a result of their efforts the baseldbuca
tions sold as pure dairy pioducts ani sub
stantially expelled from the state jit is
estimated that the import of oleomarcarine for
the past year has been not to exceed 3^0,0(H)
pounds, while for the vear preceding it w^s fully
4,000,000 pounds and as a consequence, the
genuine product of the dairy has sold af trom
three to five cents per pound better price* The
public has been the victim of various finpos.i
tions practiced in different depaitments ot its
industry, but I think it will be admitted that
the ingenuity of depiaved human genius lias
culminated the production ot oleomiiganne
audits kindred abominations.
HISTORICAL SOCIETY I
The report of the secretary of the statfe his or
ical society shows for the organization/ a crit
ifying condition ot prosperity Its li Mary now
numbers 25,175 volumes, and its collection ot
historical and archae logica relics has [receiver'
large and valuable accessions during! the past
two years. The interesting detai.s of tiie report
will repay perusal.
FISH COMMISSION
The fish commission have distributed 22,-
813,147 nsh and 14,100,000 eggs the wateis
of the state during the past two veifs These
include the mot desirable species ot food fisnes
adapted to our lakes and streams The worU ot
the commission has been pioseeutfed intelli
gently, and as indicated by its lepojt, with u
sults of a highly satisfactory charactjer.
STEAM BOILER INbPEClIO"f
The report of the bodrd oi inspectors for
steam boilers and steam vessels, herewith ti ad
mitted, exhibits as a result ot its work sine- the
passage of the law creating the board, the in
spection of 76 steam vessels and 3,^9 steam
boileis, of whicn latter 34 were condemned and
315 ordered to be repaired: 393 chief eu,rnieei
licenses were issued, 1,487 assistant,, and o,3
special. But one boiler explosionjs reported,
resulting the loss of one life, uhe average
loss of life from such cause prior to to i.he pas
sage of the law is stated by the report to have
been eight, thus cleaity demonstrating the util
ity of the servue. The law needs some amend
ment, the character of which will be sucgesUd
by theinspectois a future communication
INSURANCE STATISTICS.
The report of the insurance commissioner
gives valuable information aad contains man\
practical suggest ions respecting the insurance
business transacted in the state. Its ai.gre.ratc
in 1886 was- Risks written, $203,8-9,384
premiums received, $2,770,318 19 losses paid,
(61,268,387.20. The companies paid in taxes
and fees to th* state $64,705 76 in 1885, and
$75,089 57 in 1886
LOGS AND LUMBER.
The several surveyors general report the fol
lowing statistics respecting the lumber interest*
of the state:
(Feet Logs Scaled.)
1885 1881
First district 300,02J,380 224,423,300
Second district ....310 20^,210 '218.127,080
Fifth district 47,118,270 70,9b4,3"(
Seventh district 3&,120,o40
Totals
First district.
Second district
Filth district
663,402,8bj) 581,630,200
Feet LumbeiiManufactured
1873 1886.
.140,37w,370 129,90^,960
37t 100.610 322,200,82(1
12^,520,0(0 171.750,000
Totals 656.051,0(0 623.976,780
BELIEF FOB HAIL hTORM UFFERERS.
On the 24th day of July, 1880 a hail storm oi
great violence passed through 3 aishall county,
totally destroying the crops and greatly iujunnu
much other property, over ar area ot many
pquare miles, and thereby red icing almost to
destitution about two hundre I families The
sufferers appealed to me for :.id through the
conntv authorities. There was no fund at mv
command from which renef could be afforded in
nch cases, but a conference with the mayors ot
at.. Paul and Minneapolis with [reference to the
emergency resulted in the advance ot $5,000
from each of those two cities for the purpose of
such elief. A committee was ient to the deso
lated district to ascertain and report respecting
the condition ane necessities of each individual
victim of the storm, and upon the basis of that
report supplies of feed, breadsinffs and provis
ions were purchased and distributed through
a local committee according to the neces
sities of each case. Feed for stock was
furnished to enable parties to plow so
much ot their land as would probably
grow crops sufficient for their support another
vear, and provisions given each ftmil in such
limited quantities as seemed to be absolutely re
quired. But for this timely aid many of these
sufferers would have been compelled to abandon
their homes. Of the $10,000 advanced as indi
cated I have expended $9,400 23, as appears in
detail tz statement herewith submitted. Still
further provision must be made lor these people
to carrv them along until they can realize upon
another rop. They will require seed for the
land thev have plowed, and provisions for the
subsistence of their families. I recommend an
appropriation sufficient to supply these wants
and to reimburse the cities of St. Paul and Min
neapolis for the amount advanced as above
stated.
I was also appealed to for aid at a later date bv
citizeifs of Swift and Polk counties, who suffered
trom a similar visitation. My response was an
assurance that I would present tbe matter to this
legislature, with a recommendation that tbeli
necessities receive such favorable consideration
as may be accorded in the case of the Marshall
conntv sufferers. The facts in these cases as
they will bepresented to you wlli appeal strongly
to your sympathy, and I ask for them your
prompt consideration, and such generous action
in the way of relief for these stricken people as
their undoubted necessities should command.
MINNESOTA AT THE WORLD'S eXPOSITTON AT
NEW ORLEANS.
I transmit herewith a communication from
Oliver Gibbs, Jr., state commissioner at tbe
World's Exposition in 1985, respecting his re
port of our state collective and co'lateral com
petitive exhibits in the expos tion. As is gen
erally known, Minnesota presented a most com
plete and comprehensive collective exhibit ot
her products, arts, industries and resources at
the exposition, and in the competitive depart
ments received tne highest awards for her dis
play of dairy products (including tbe grand
sweepstakes for the best butter made in the
world), wheat, corn, flour, oats, fruits, seeds,
amber cane susrar, poultry, e.c". and "the grand
diploma of honor" for her educational exhibit.
Tbe commissioner was instructed to make a re
port in full derail of our exhibits for publica
tion. The main poiin of his report was ready
months ago. but its completion has been de
layed by causes which}he fully explains. In the
meantime the comrciisioner has removed from
!%SteiJm!Ja,ajWl
when tne TacaTinc "materTirt is sup
plied. As the commissioner remarks,
tne effort to xepresent M&nesota at
the only world's exposition in which she ever
took apart was too great, too successful and too
costly, to have no enduring record made of it."
Every citizen is proud of the successes and the
distinction won by Minnesota, and desires that
she should realize to the utmost their possible
benefits. This may not be done if a record
thereof is not preserved. I would therefore
recommend an appropriotion of $1,000, to be
expended under the direction of the governor of
the state, to meet such expense as may be in
curred bv the commissioner in completing and
properly illustrating his report, and that ite
publication be ordered in the usual way.
Vouchers for all expenditures made in the col
lection and maintenance of the exhibit are on,
file in the office of the state auditor.
UBGENCT FOB A SESSION IN 1886.
An extra session of the last legislature was*
urged with considerable pressure for tnree main
purposes: To amend the laws for the regulation,
of railroads and grain inspection to amend the
tax laws and to make a legislative apportion
ment. Some were inclined to see in the exist
ence of three such supposed occasions tor imme
diate legislation an argument for a return, to
annual sessions.
In legard to the railroad and warehouse laws,
I have no doubt that the public judgment as to
the amendments necessary is more harmonious
and more just than it coula have been a year
ago, and that no considerable haim has come
from the delav.
The supposed occasion for an extra session to
amend the tax law was a decision reudered by
the supreme court in the case of Chauncey vs.
Wass, according to which the payment of taxes
upon real estate and the possession of a treasur
er receipt therefor would not save the owner's
title, in case the property had been improperly
advertised and sold as delinquent unless the
tact of such payment were shown before the so
called equity of redemption had become barred
bv time About the same time it occasioned
general surprise to learn that a provision of law,
requiring personal notice of the expiration of
the time of redemption to be given bv county
auditors to owners of supposed delinquent I al
estaXe sold lor taxes, had been repealed by a
section of a subsequent statute.
It thus appeared that a citizen who had ais
charged every obligation to the state in retnrn
for its protection to his person and his propertv
and who felt himself secure in the possession of
a ntten acKnowledgment of the state a gen
that he had paid his dues, might yet be mad
bankrupt ana homeless through the under of
an offieial agent of the state, under the statutes
of the state as construed by the highest state
court. It would be heard to conserve a clearer
case of leaeahzed robbery than the operation of
law as construed by the court It is impossiole
to presume that the legislature intended it
should have am such effect.and it is equally im
possible to assume that the forbearance of
human nature will acquiesce in its enforcement.
If au extra session had been necessary to eave
one single citizen from the loss of his rights
through these surprising defeots or errors, it
would have been called But upon all forfeit
ures already attached legislation would have
been inoperative, and it was clear that the pub
licity given through the press and bv excited
rmbuc comment to the whole subjsct, to the
danger of ruin in which every man miuht un
wittingly stand and to the means by which he
could ascertain the fact and avert loss, would
prevent the occurrence of any new forieituro
throuuh surprise or mistake.
Ihe supposed repeal of the provision fr per
sonal notice of the expiration of the redemption
period has since been declared invalid bv the su
preme court, being in violation of the section ot
the constitution which lorbids that anv law
shall contain more than one -ubject which mur
be expressed in its title. (I may remark
much time has been lost in recent session
the introduction of bills with titles defecti
this respect, which are often only corrected
recalling the bills trom tho executive foi tr
purpose.
'Ihe decision in the Wass case has just bei,
reaffirmed, bv the majority of the court, aftf
re-examination It has thus become \oui dut
to provide some relief or mitigation, if anv 1
possible, of the njustice which mav follow ti
this hard construction, aad to so amend
law that actual, seasonable payment
shall at all timas be a valid protection
anv claim to real estate bised upon if
non-payment You should also inquire
the present provision tor notrce oi the
tion of the redemption is sufficient
The state census shows a pojiul i
1,117,798 The increase took place mai
the northern part of the state and in the
of St Paul and Minneapolis The purpose oi
enumeration by the state is plamh to ascert.
whether a reapportionment of legis'ative repu
sentation is necessary according to the require
r. n^titnti^n that representation
shall be apportioned equally throughout the
different sections of the state in proportion to
tbe population thereof, aud to furnish a guide
for a proper apportionment if one be necessary.
The census shows beyond question that repre
sentation is no longer proportioned to popula
tion, and it will be among \our plainest duties
to readjust the representation to conform to the
constitution. I do not doubt vour perfect wil
lingness to discharge that constitutional obli
gation, but you may nroperlv b reminded that
your assumed unwillingness to meet the diffi
culties and inconveniences of a reapportion
ment was strongly urged upon me as a reason
lor calling together your predecessors for the
purpose. If similar circumstances should exist
1895, as they probably will, I hope our pres
ent action will confirm the confidence of all in
that day, that the Minnesota legislature will
perform Its duty, uninfluenced by personal con
sideration. This dutv being performed, it will
be seen that, so far as the reasons urged for a
session in 1880 are concerned biennial sessions
sufficiently answer all purposes
UNNECESSARY OFFICES.
Frequent examination is necessary to prevent
the retention of offices which have ceased to be
neccsarv or useful. I judge the office of state
land agent to be now such an ore It seems to
me, also, that the preparation and distribution
of authoritative documents, books or circulars
regarding the advantages of Miunesota, hi hertc
done bv a board of immigration and a secretin
can now be more properlv and economical lj
placed in *he charge of the secretary of state.
Befernng to the requirements that the state
shall make an enumeration of its inhabitants
again in 1895, and to the ct that the United
States will now pav one-h^lf the expense of a
census taken at that time, if it contain tbe same
matter taken in the same manner as the federal
census, I recommend to your consideration the
suspension of the anuual collection and publica
tion of agricultural statistics, with the view to
make in 189o a complete census which will fur
nish rellaole means for comparison, in all re
spects, with that of the United States in 1890.
Our published statistics are becoming less and
less trustworthy I doubt if thev are now worth
their cost.
DRAINAGE OF THE BED RIVER VALLET.
A public meeting held at Crookston ou the 8th
of last month, in tbe interest of the drainage
of the Red river valley, requested me bv resolu
tion to "call vour attention to the urgent need
of careful and judicious legislation upon the
subject of drainage also upon tbe justice and
necessity of a very liberal appropriation from
the state to open up the obstructed river chan
nels i [that] section, and of the wisdom ot
the state lending her credit to forward the
scheme." While I willinulv comply with this
request to the extent of commending the sub
ject to your consideration, I am prevented from
making the full recommendations desired by the
inhibitions of the constitution. Section lO of
Article 9 of the constitution provides that "the
credit of the state shall never be given or loaned
in aid of anv individual, association or incor
poration," and section 5 of the same article pro
hibits the sta.e from contracting "anv debts for
works of internal improvement" or becoming "a
party in carry on such worku except
in cases where grants of land or
other propertv shall have been made to
the state specially dedicated by the grant t
specific purposes." etc. While it seems to be
clear, therefore, that the constitution stands i a
tbe way of such state aid to this project as its
promotors seek, there are considerations that
stronglv commend it to public favor and to
such indorsement by tbe state as may be con
stitnt onally given. Caretnl surveys snd esti
mates show that a moderate expenditure made
in opening and deepening the natural wate
courses of the Bed river valler will not only re
claim and make valuable lar.se areas which are
now swamps, bnt will give a system of natural
drainage to lands of a large portion of the valley
which are now liable in wet seasons to be rend
ered almost useless for cultivation. Included in
this area are large tracts of land which have
been conveyed to the state by tbe general gov
ernment as swamp lands, given to the state
for tbe very purpose as specified lo
the congressional grant itself, of providing the
means for their drainage. The state, however,
instead of devoting these lands to that purpose,
has granted them as a gratuity to corporate
to encourage the building of railroads in section
of the state remote lrom where they are located
If these lands were now available for tbe pnr
pose for which they were granted by congressp,
the means would beat hand for tbe prosecution.
of the contemplated work. The state has di-'V
verted them to other purposes and has receive
benefit trom them through the aid thev havu
given in tbe development of other portions
tbe state. It is this which gives an appearance'
of equity to tbe claim the vallev of tbe Be
River presents in this matter. The apprcpna.
tion ot a portion of the internal improvemenl
fund which is biennially distributed t aid
the construction of roads and bridges could ver
Serera
\r*&g J^flafcib. Jus,, srork
:tl
roperrybe- devoted to drainage purposes
contemplated.
.Tie^DOrt'ofJfce-aJtete cammisaioa tor
2
i rt
i X)
18 ar
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