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Synopsis of tbe Proceedings of the Senate and
Only seven senators were absent when the
Toll was called yesterday morning-, and
these all came In before the close of the
session, except Mr. Ives, who was excused
on account of illness. The usual number of
petitions for temperance instruction in
echools and tor prohibitory amendments to
the constitution were received. Mr. Goodrich
offered a resolution, which was passed, that
the board of inspectors of boilers be in
structed to report the number of boilers
which have been inspected since June 1,
1885, how much money has been received
as fees, and how much has been expended
for expensea He also offered a resolution
that the board of pharmacy report the num
ber of certificates issued since June 1,1885,
the amount of fees collected, and the total
disbursements of the board during that time.
Mr. Goodrich introduced the amendment
to article 10 of the constituion proposed by
the board of railroad and warehouse com
missione-R. The amendment is as follows:
A railroad corporation may establish fonts
sole benefit fares, tolls and charges upon all
passengers and property conveyed and trans
ported on its railroad, at such rates as mav be
determined bv its directors, and may from time
to time, by its directors, regulate tbe use of its
road Lut such fares, tolls and charges, and such
regulations, shall at all times be subject to re
vision and alteiation by the legislature of this
state, or bv Buch officers or persons as it may ap
point for the purpose, anything in the charter
of a railroad corporation to the contrary not
This amendment gives the state control of
railroads in the regulation or. freight and
passenger rates, and has already been widely
Mr SampsonTo authorize the commissioners
of Polk county to issue bonds to build bridges
in the county
Mr f-chefferAuthorizing the City of St. Paul
to issue i35,000 bonds to aid in raisinsr and
grading lower Third street and to build ap
Mr GibsonAuthorizing the city of Austin to
issue bonds to build a bridge.
Mr EatonAuthorizing Isanti county to issue
bonds to build a bridge.
House bill authorizing Breckinridge, in Wil
ton county, to issue $4,500 to pay its floating
Mr. JohnsonRelating to chattel mort
Mr EdwardsRelating to fishways
The judiciary committee's substitute for Mr.
Compton's bill relating* the fees of jurors.
The jndinaxv committee's substitute for Mr.
Day's bill relating to tees of jailors for taking
care of priRonera.
Mr. DurantTo regulate the catching of fish
in the lakes of Washington county.
The Donnelly bill providing for the
maximum charges upon the transportation
of gra.n was before the house yesterday and
sent to the grain and warehouse committee.
It sets torth in its piovisions the following
Not exceeding 165 miles, aggregate charge not
moie than 7 cents per loo pounds of wheat or
anv manufactured product thereof from 165 to
300 mile, aggregate charge for 100 pounds, etc,
12*2 cents txom 300 to 400 miles, 15*2 cents
for more than 400 miles, 1S*2 cents for less
than 165 miles, rates to be fixed bv corporation,
subject to approval of state railroad commission,
and provided they do not exceed 7 cents, and so
on for other intermediate distances.
Mr FaricvRelating to the support of the
poor in Scott county.
Mr VanclerveldeTo authorize the city of An
oka to estaolish a cemetery.
Mr. WilsonAuthorizing the county commis
sioners of Douglas county to levy a special tax
for building a court house.
Mr KnoxRequiring each township in Wade
na county to support its own poor.
Mi. PotteiRelating to duties of county com
misbioneis of Houston county.
Mr SmithMemonal to congress asking that
$25,000 be appiopiiated for a scientific survey
of the water toi the moposed canal from Lake
Superior to the St. Croix.
Mi BjorgeTo fix compensation of register of
deeds oi Otter Tail county at $2,000.
Speaker Morriam has appointed the following
committees: To ascertain the cost of the rail
roads Minnesota in construction, etc, Fur
long, Buffum, McArdle, Gregory, Champhn,
Sevatson and Mattson: joint apportionment
committee, Potter, Fieeman, Green, Low and
Beattv, in addition to those already appointed.
Mr Keyes has introduced a bill intojthe house
in nacme similar to tnac Known as Donnelly's
~free maiket" bill. It prohibits conspiracy to
monopolize food products under penalty of
heavy fine and imprisonment, and is but Mr.
Keves' amendment to the Donnelly bill made
Into a bill it&elf.
When the Akm-Tmax election case came
up a call of the senate waR ordered on mo
tion of Senator Edwards Mr. Day offered a
resolution that the report ot the committee
on elections declaring the seat now occupied
by Mr Akin be declared to belong to Mr.
Truax The resolution was passed
Mr Akin then vacated his seat. The
prescient announced that Mr. Truax would
take Mr Akm's place on all committees.
The committee on temperance leported the
bill agieed on at the joint meeting of the
senate and house committees the night be
fore Mr Oswald moved to reter the bill
Tac to the committee on tempeiance The
ayes and nays were called tor, and the vote
on the motion was 18 to 18, solliemotion
was lost, only thirty-si\. senatois \oting.
Senators Ives and Sampson were absent
on account of illness. Senators Unld, Day
Hall, Swenson, Bow en, Truax, Compton,
Finseth and Johnson M. were absent and
did not vote.
The senate then went into commit
tee of the whole, Mr Smith in the
chair. When Mr Buckman's bill to
appropnate $10,000 to build a school
house at Sauk Rapids, which was swept
aw ay by the cvclone last April, came up,
Mr Durant offered au amendment to make
the sum $3,000. Mr. Buckman nccerTted
the amendment. Mr Pope moved to strike
out sections 3 and 4 appropriating money
ioi the rebuilding of the cotut house, which
was alo accepted. The bill was then rec
ommended to pass as amended. The bill
relating to the claims of W. H. Dike was
lecommended to be indefinitely postponed
Senator Duran* introduced a hill yesterday to
make all mill owners and other corporations
employing men in dangerous work liable for
damiges resulting to employes from unboxed
and exposed machinery. Exception is made
where uch injury lesults from the carelessness
or the employe, however.
Another measure for the relief of ex-soldiers
aud their indigent wives and children was m
i roducpd in the senate by Mr. Pope yesterday.
The Lill provides that a levy of one-tenth of one
mill shall be levied in every county in the state
to constitute a soldieis' relief fund. The fund
shall be under the control of the county com
missioners, who shall appoint a committee of
one from each commissioner district in the
county and one at large, to be known as the
"soldiers' relief committee." No person shall re
ceive moie than $U per week, except for medical
A vast number of local bills were intro
thiced and soon passed.
Mr Buffum, for the temperance com
mittee, leported the Prosser high license bill,
as amended, back to the house for pas
sage, and it was made an order for debate on
Friday at 2 p.
Mr. Barker's bill amending the statutes as
to the publication of the digests of the Min
nesota reports was, after an amendment of
the title, ordeied engrossed.
The Newell bill for the abolishment of the
-state board ot immigration was recom
mended to pass.
Mr. Rogers' bill amending subdivision 1
-section 210, chapter 66, General Statutes of
1878, was recommended to pass.
The Eeyes bill, amending chapter 21.
General Laws, relating to the foreclosure of
mortgages on real estate by advertisement,
was recommended to pasa
The soldiers' relief bill introduced into the
house by Mr. Keyes of Bice contains many
new aud economic features not contained in
tne other bills introduced and laid aside.
The bill provides:
In each county of the state there is to be es
tablished a permanent fund to be known as the
soldiers' relief fund. Each county auditor
shall annually add to the tax levy in his county
one-tenth of one mill on each dollar of valua
tion Bald tax. when collected, to constitute
tins fund. UIIIB fund is to be disbtnsed bv the
county commissioners to the indigent volunteer
ex-soldiers, their widows, orphans, etc. Each
board of county commissioners shall have a
soldiers' relief committee, bucn one can serve
on such committee unless he has served as a
soldier or Bailor. Lists of all the needy
soldiers in the counties and by commissioner's
districts shall be accurately kept.
For four hours and a half yesterday after
noon the house mangled and tussled over
insurance bills in the main and minor mat
ters on the side. To a certain extent the
debate was a juggle of words, calculated to
make every one weary, and which ended in
a personal row between Mr. Donnelly and
Mr. Potter over the granting of a par
liamentary courtesy. General house orders
covering sixteen house and two senate bills
were taken up the first thing. When nine
of these measures had been disposed of
without much delay the bill of Mr. Ryan re
lating to the payment of losses by insur
ance companies and known as the "valued
policy"bill came up in the house of the whole.
The following committee reports were re
The judiciary committee reported favor
ably on the following bills:
Amendments to chapter 53, General Statutes
Legalizing filing of affidavits in certain cases.
To facilitate bonds required to be given by
Admitting persons to practice pharmacy.
Providing for an additional judge for the
Fourth judicial district.
Relating to property sold by sheriff. Substi
tute for Whvteman's loans upon grain in transit
bill (only verbal changes) (b-inks and banking).
The committee on towns and counties
recommended passage of house bills.
Townships in Scott county to support their
Townships Wadena to support their own
The committee on immigration reported in
favor ot the passage of the senate bill.
To repeal the law relating to the commissioner
Internal improvements committee recom
mended the passage of
Goodrich's joint memorial to ratify Red lake
Indian treaty passed under suspension of the
Education committee recommended the
passage of the bills
Providing for teachers' certificates.
Minimum age for pupil", vears.
Relating to chanae of school house sites.
The bills disposed of on the third reading
Mr Dnrant's relating to legal holidays
Mr. Dnrant's relating to the wearing of G.
A. R. badges passed.
Mr. Gooduchs relating to the personal
identity of women parsed.
Mi Crandall's relating to state public schools
Mr Johnson's relating to sale of land by
Mr. Halvorson's relating to appeals from
county commissioners parsed.
Mr. Goodrich's relating to the legalizing of
acts of certain officers passed.
Mr. Duane's relating to incorporation of
Lewiston, Winona county, passed.
Mr Emery's relating to incorporation of
Lake City passed
Mr Lee's relating to town of Long Prairie
Mr Buckman's bill to reimburse Benton
county was lost on a vote of 19 to 9 The
bill relating to hygiene, etc., in schools was
laid over until to-day.
The special committees of the house ar6
House Re-appoi tionment CommitteeMcsis.
Rogeis, Patt.it, Baker, Barker, Gregory, Jones,
N Johnson, Hoppm, Knox, Sherwood, Pottei,
Greeman, Low, Green and attv 15
Soldiers'Hon?eVle=sis Shulei, Presses, Fur
long, Flynn, Donnelly, Oostello and Wilson.
Logs and LumberComstock, Lum, Gregory,
Knox and Cullen
Joint Committee on Agricultural College
Messrs. Williams, Green, Flathers and Plow
Committee on State Public SchoolsMessrs
Buffum, Morrison, Keyes, Flynn and Johnson
Special Committee on Cost of Construction of
RailroadsMessrs. Furlong, Buffum, Champhn,
Gregory, Mattson. Sevatson and McArdle.
Labor CommitteeMessrs Mattson, Lucas,
Lee, Powers and Freeman
Mississippi River CommitteeMessrs Clou
tier, Freeman and Cullen.
Mr. Johnson's two bills in regard to the
state agricultural society, and which were
presented to the house yesterday, change
the present law so as to abolish honorary hie
membership the $10 degree, but admit
them for eminent seivices ir, agncultural
works. The bills also give uie board of
management power to elect the secretary
and treasurer and police authority. Thev
also appropriate $50,000 for the" balance
due on permanent improvements. The
total cost ot the permanent improvements
made bv the society is $168,022 3 8 Ot
this the state paid $97,697 25 the associa
tion has paid $26,004 from the profits of the
fairs of 1885 and 1886, ""eaving a balance
due ot $44 921.13, which the society now
asks be paid_ by the state.
An act prescribing the time for the holding of
general terms of court in the Ninth judicial dis
An act authorizing the city of St. Paul to issue
bonds to increase the sewerage fund and for
An act to authorize the city of St Paul to IS
hue bonds tor extending, etc., the water works
An act to authorize the city of St. Paul to
issue board of education bonds.
An act to appropriate monev for the expenses
or the Mississippi nver commission
An act to authorize the city of St. Paul to
issue bonds for letirmg old waterworks bonds
An act authoiizmg each town Meeker
countv to support its ow poor.
An act authorizing the village council of
Madison to use village funds for the moving and
repairing of the court house and jail.
An act to extend the corpoiate limits of tbe
city of Northfield.
An act to amend section 12, chapter 66
General Laws, 1881, amending an act incorpor
ating the village of Fosson. uw-orpor
the comity committees
county be to issue bond
to build bridges was accepted and the bill
The Senhte devoted most of the sessi on
to Goodrich' high license bill. Several of
the members thought $1,000 too high.and
it was la id over for a few days.
In committee of the whole the following
bills were recommended tor passage:
Abolishing the office of oil inspector.
"oyi'Mng for school libraries and appropriat
ing $10,000 annually for their maintenance.
The bill in relation to the aee of consent
was made the special order for Tuesday uext
The high license bill of Mr. osser was
debated at length and finally lai over un
til next week.
Mattson has introduced a substitute of
smaller sums, the labor champion of the
house has raised his voice against it, and the
outcome is doubtful The Mattson bill in
It raises the minimum license in counties and
in unincorporated towns from $35 to $100 for
malt hquois and to $200 for distilled liquors
and wmes, and cities of 10,000 inhabitants
nd over to $200 for malt and $500 for distilled
liquors and wines. Increases the maximum
snji fixed the general statutes at $100 so that
the fee mav be fixed at anv sum not less than
the minimum of $100. $200 and $500. The local
option clause is not affected and the penalty
bond raised from $500 to $1,000
Senate bills read and passed:
An act to ask congiess to pay a claim of Cant.
An act fixing the legal status of women.
An act to authorize town of Wabasha to issue
An act regulating the catching of fish in Albert
An act granting postal rights to the insane.,
An act relating to school districts in Wisoca
The bill reported by the committee on in
sane hospital, appropriating $101,440 for
the establishment of the third hospital for
the insane, makes the following division of
For the purchased oengineacresd 876 of land, $31.-
an an stables $20,
440 for theu building of two wards, $50 000:
Of the entire 851,440beforoebe is made
$25,00 0 Jul 1
1888, and $25,000 before July 1,1889. The
bill was placed in the hands of the finance
pf Htnesota HortiesHaral Sodetr.
The Minnesota State Horticultural So
ceity, in joint session with the State Am
ber Cane Associatoia held a meeting at 8t.
Paul. President Elliott of Minneapolis
called the meetiug to order, and intro
duced Prof. D. It. Maginnis of St. Pa ul
who delivered the address of welcome.
E. H. S. Dartt of Owatonna delivered an
address on "Cold is King," with pertinent
sugxessions as to hov the effect of the cold
can be overcome. The most effective plan
he behved to be in the culture of trees. A
lengthy discussion followed on the necessity
of planting trees on prairie farms.
A paper Charles A. KiSer on the sub
ject of Russian apples drew out an inter
esting discussion in which was shown that
opinion and experience differed.
M. Pierce of Minneapolis talked interest
ingly on "Pruning and Training the Grape."
True trimming of the grape vine is
the same the world over. Everything
should be trimmed off except the fruit
buds. I is a great mistake of nine-tenths
of the Minnesota grape growers that the
forcing buds instead of the fruit buds are
left so that little or no fruit results in
ma ny cases.
Wyman Elliott of Minneapolis, delivered
the president's adaress. I was an earn
est, practical presentation of matters of
interest to the association. said in
substance: Industry is necessary for vital
success in horticulture. Thought should
be given to the preparation of grounds.
Make a judiciouo selection of the various
plants. The importati on of C3rtain for
eign varieties of plants is to be deprecated.
Rather seek for har dy varieties Ctnong our
own native seedlings.
Reports of the Amber Cane association's
officers were recehed. and the following
officers were elected for next year- Capt. R.
Blakely, St. Paul, president Ditus Day.
Farmington, vice president, Prof. Porter,
secretary and treasurer Seth Kenny,
Mornstown Porter, Red Wing, exec
utive committee N. J. Stubbs, Long Lake
C. L. Smith, Minneapolis, committee on
President Blakeley'a address was a
lengthy document, devoted to the subject
of cane growing.
President Northrop, of the state univer
sity, delivered a masterly address upon
the subject of "Agricultural Education."
The address was ordered printed in full.
The reportB of vice presidents on the
crops in their respective districts, were read.
W. S. Sias, Rochester, thought that Min
nesota would soon surprise the country in
the quantity and quality of her orchards.
Mr. Dartt, Owatonna, reported that he had
raised about 500 bushels of apples last
year, but that they were injured by some
kind of insect. There is discouragement in
/his section about apple trees. The farm
ers prefer to raise wheat and buy their ap
ples. He had eighteen acres in orchard.
'One acre had produced 400 worth of fruit.
A resolution was offered, the purport of
"which was to exclude from the an
nual reports the names of agents and ev
erything in the natu re of free advertising
rratter. After some discussion the resolu
tion was referred to a committee consist
ing of J. Grimes, J. T. Harris, O. T.
Bra^d, C. W. Sias, Ditus Day.
The following officers weie then elected
for this year-
President, Wyman Elliott, Minneapolis
secretary, L. D. Hillman, Minneapolis
treasurer, J. T. Grimes, Minneapolis, vice
presidents, A. W. Sias. Rochester E. S.
Dartt, Owatonna, Cutler, Sumpter, N.
J. Stubbs, Loug Lake, G. Gould, Rich
held executive committee, L. Harris,
X,a Crescent, J. M. Underwood, Lake Citv
M. S. Gould, Excelsior, Ditus Day, Far m
ington, Isaac Gilpatrick, Minneapolis.
Prof O. W. Osmund of Minneapolis was
re-elected chairman oi the committee on
entymologists. The executive committee
will name the other committees. Experi
mental stations were established as fol
lows Worlhington, H. L. Ludlow, super
intendent Fergus Falls, D. Dunca, super
A resolution to establish an experi
mental farm at Owattona was offered. I
provides for the preparation of a bill for
an appropriation to carry on an experi
mental farm similiar to that established
at Excelsior, Mr. Dartt to be superintend
ent. The constitution of the society was
changed so that the life membership fee
can be paid in two annual installments of
$5 each instead of $10 at once as at pres
ent. The committee appointed to con
sider the question of the complaint
against "unprincipled tree peddlers" re
ported in the form of a bill, which they
asked to be presented to the lagislature.
Minnesota State Agricultural Society,
The annual meeting of the Minnesota
State Agricultural Society was held in the
capitol at St. Paul, with vice-President
Mernam in the chair. A motion was offered
for the election of officers. Before it was
adopted Mr. Clarke criticised the sta te fair
management. Hi. said that the society
should express just what they thoug.it the
officers should do before they"were elected.
"I believe," he continued, "that a secre
tary should be chosen who can take his
family and live on the fair grounds. He
could then give his whole attention to the
matter. If the salary now paid is not suf
ficient, let us make it what is sufficient.
With proper management the society with
an appropriation of $100,000 can be made
Mr. Donnelly, in response to a general
demand, briefly addressed *he society. He
thought the state would nob be able to do
much for the society this year.
Col. W. Pratt was named as presi
dent, and a motion to make him the unan
imous choice was carried by a vote of 55
to 31. Hon. W. R. Merriam was chosen
first vice president a nd Ignatius Donnelly
second vice president. When the election
of secretary was reached the na me of R. C.
Judson was presented also that of Sena
tor E. Hoard.
Ballots were then cast by counties, the
result being: H. E. Hoard, 83 A. Whit
tier, 3 R. C. Judson, 69.
Mr. Hoard was declared elected. Frank
J. Wilcox, Rice county, was unanimously
chosen treasurer. John Cooper of St.
Cloud was re-elected as a member of the,
board of management, and after several
ballots H. L. Prosser, Fillmore county,
was chosen to succeed J. W. Harris as a
member of the board.
W. Pratt, re-elected president of the
3tate agricultural society, is a resident of
Faribault, and is the senior member of the
firm of W. Pratt & Co., 53 chamber of
commerce, Minneapolis. First Vice Presi
dent W. R. Merriam is a well known St.
Paul banker and speaker of the present
house of representatives. Second Vice
President Ignatius Donnelly is a farmer,
literateur and well known politician, and
member of the present legislature from Da
kota county. The new secretary, Hon.
E. Hoard, is a member of the state
senate, and has ior yeaw been a promi
nent advocate oi the interests of farmers
and dairymen. He is also editor of the
Monti video Leader. Frank Wilcox, re
elected, has been treasurer of the agricul
tural society for several years. is tell
er in the First National Bank of Northfield,
and was in the bank at the time the
Younger a nd James boys made their great
raid. John Cooper of St. Cloud has served
three years on the board of managers oi
society. He is interested in stock
the raising. lis is also a lumberman of note
and is now an alderman of his city. L.
Prosser is a member of the house of repre^
sentativea from Fillmore county. is
an advocate and strong supporter of the
wom an suffrage movement.
The Austin State bankV'with a paid-up
capital of $25,000, has opened its door*
The articles of incorporation of the Pe o.
pies Bank of Wabasha have been filed ith
the register of deeds for record. The capi
tal stock is $30,000, divided into sharen
of $50 earn. The time specified for com*
mencing frasiness la Jan. 15,1887, and the
date for termination of the corporation ia
fixed for Jan. 1, 1917.
The senate passed a bill increasing to
650,000, the appropriati on for a new
public building in Minneapolis.
Gov. Lee of Va.. was banquet ted at Min
Mrs. Ansbro, an old and well known res
ident of Red Wing, died at her home in
East Red Wing.
Two prisoners, Fred Meyers a nd George
Anderson, charged with horse stealing, es
caped from the Fillmore county j*ail by
tunneling through the privy vault.
Senator McMillan haB laid before the
senate the credentials of CusbmanK. Davis
as senator from Minnesota. The creden
tials were signed by William R. Merriam
attested by J. R. Howard, secretary of the
joint convention. The certificate bore the
flourishing signature of "Andrew R. McGill,
governor," attested by Hans Mattson, sec
retary of stat e.
Congressman Strait has secured pensions
for Henry Wygant of Henderson, and Dan
iel Trent of Hastings. He secured tha
passage of a bill granting a pension to F.
Rosrueker of Shakopse, ^Y
nic bill has
gone to the Senate commi ee on pension^
and will be favorably reported within the
next few days by Senator Sawyer of Wis
consin who is giving the matter his person
The Catholic church troubles at Brainerej
are aired in court.
Mrs. P.O.Hay ford's residence, Hastings,
was burned to the ground.
Gov. Fitzhugh Lee, of Va., nephew of
Robert E. Lee, attended by a dozen prom
inent Virginians, came to S t. Pa ul in a
palace car. The chamber of commerce re
ceived them officially and the Possum
club, composed of Southerners, gave them
a grand banquet at the Ryan hotel. Among
the speakers were Gen. Lee, I. Donnelly,
and Gen. Johnson.
The following-named gentlemen ha ve been
appointed on the stalf of the governor
and commander-in-chief, to take rank for
the dates opposite their respective names:
F. W. Seeley, Lake City, adjuta nt general,
with the rank of brigadier general from
Jan. 8, 1887. Christian Brandt, St. Paul,
inspector general, with the rank of brig
adier general from Jan. 24, 1887. Henry
G. Hicks, Minneapolis, judge advocate,
with the rank of brigadier general from
Jan. 24, 1887. Tomas P. Wilson, St.
Paul, qiiartermaster general, with the
rank of brigadier general from Jan. 24,
1887. William Richeson, St. Paul, sur
geon general, with therankof brigadiergen
eral from Jan. 24, 1887.
Secretary Manning, in his report to the
commissioner of customs.estimates the ex
penses in Minnesota at $25,700.
W. Phslps, of the St. Paul chamber of
commerce, has been secured to take the
place of E. R. Mills, as secretary of the Du
luth chamber of commerce.
N. 0 Werner, of Red Wing, has declined
the position offered him on the state fish
Frank Doran of Shell Lake was held to
the United States district couit, Winona,
Jn ue term, by United States commissioner
Tillotson at Moorehead for selling whiskey
to Indians. In default of 250 bail he was
committed to jail.
One hundred and ninty-two marriage li
censes were issued by the clerk of the court
of Rice county during 1886 and during
the same time nine divorces were granted.
The clerk has made the following report of
births and deaths in Rice county during
the year 18S6 Births, 692, deaths, 294.
The alumni of Williams college living in
the Northwest had their first annual reun
ion a nd banquet at the Westhotcl, Minne
apolis. At the business meeting the follow
ing officers were elected: President, R.
Murdock vice presidents, Norm an B. Sea
ver, E. Bradley, secretary and treasurer,
Howe Paige, executive committee, Charles
Gilbert, Judson, R. S. N ichols.
The Bowdoin college graduates living in
St. Paul and Minneapolis had their reunion
at the West hotel, Minneapolis. At the
business meeting which followed, a consti
tution was adopted for a permanent or
ganization and the following officers for the
next year elected: PresidentL. W. Rund
lett, St. Paul vice president, A. J. Board
man, Minneapolis, secretary, J. 0
Patents have been allowed to following
inventors: H. Ames. St. Paul, railway
signal D. M. Balsar, Duluth, system of
blind nailing W. Dobl, Minneapolis,
gas pliers D. A. Dickinson. St. Paul, steam
boiler A. B. Hodapp, Mankato, can-filling
machine W. S. Morton, St. Paul, lock for
elevator cables A. G. Schleuer, Minneapo
lis, breast strap side.
The surveyor general of Minnesota asks
for $500 more for clerk hire, and in ex
planation says- The estimate for clerks
in this office was reduced from $3,000 to
2,000 by the act of July 31, 1886, which
is insufficient for the needs of the office.
Pensions have been allowed to the fol
lowing Minnesotians: Frederick Sander,
Henderson G. C. Lake, Stewartville, L.
Car, Olivia Julia Stillson, Bigelow Jo
seph Turpin, Mendota, George Hart, Lone
tree Lake A. K. Kenne ly, Faribault C.
E. Alexander, Lenora. Pensions increas-
edC. L. Dresser, New Albany W. K.
Young, MankatoJoh Knight, Litchfield
J. Lotter, Hokah G. D. Skinner, Blue
Earth City A. McComber, Dulutb W. W.
Manlore, Deer Creek John A. Emmons,
Princeton William Pulford Fillmore A.
E. Nelson, Winnebago City John Kenne
dy, Greenleafton W. Dyon, Alden Henry
Simms, "Winona. Pensions reissued
Frederick Butzin, St. Paul Dennis Roony,
Sherburne W. Harris, New Auburn
Benjamin Day. High Forrest William
Shaver, Red Wing Jerome Morse, Mor
There were 492 births in Freeborn coun
ty and 201 deaths in 1886. In Albert
Lea there were 95 births a nd 4 3 deaths.
Mrs. T. W. DennisoD of Perham, sister
of Royal B. Stearns of Wadena, came to
Texas Falls to probate the will of her late
husband. Mrs. Dennison found that J. W.
Mason was present to contest the will,
representing several children of Mr. Denni
son by his first wife I is generally under
stood that the contest is based on undue
influence on the part of Mrs. Dennison up
on her husband. The contestants are
adults and live in New York state. The
amount involved is nearly half a million.
Charles N. Rubie was having a well bor
ed on his place in Austin and when at a
depth of 119^ feet struck a stroug vein of
water. The result is an artesian well
which forces the water two.feet ,above the
surface of the ground, "f'^"^-"^MH\^
The Ohio Association of St. Paul gave
its first annual banquet at tha Ryan ho
tel recently. I was a gala occasion, for
the sons of the Buckeye state and members,
with invited guests, responded to the num
ber of sixty or more. In its every appoint
ment the affair was an unqualified sac
In answer to E. Bean, Hastings, Attor
ney General Clapp has given an opinion
that a woman can be appointed deputy
clerk of the courts.
The marriage of Miss Emma Simmons,
daughter of T. K. Simmons of Red Wing,
to William C. Kriss of Minneapolis, took
place on the 25th inst., in Christ* church
(Episcopal), Rev. C. Plummer offiewt-
GOLD AND GLORY.
RewBeeralts are Trmlaed for the AimjSix HM
4red Hem Constantly In School on HSTM*
From the New York Herald.
From a high staff: on David's Island
floats the national ensign. David's
Island is a place of national impor
tance. It is about twenty miles from
the city by water, and is the principal
recruiting depot of the United States
army. It is more than that, indeed,
for the recruit is there taught to be a
soldier. What the university is to the
professional man David's Island is to
the enlisted man of the army. A uni
versity graduate becomes an A. B. A
David's Island graduate become an
H. P. Both have the world to con
quer. One takes a post-graduate
course in the law courts the other
takes a post-graduate course on the
plains among the Indians.
There is no more important work in
the military service than the selecting
and first training of men for the ar
my. It is work that requires the
most careful attention to detail and
intelligent direction. It is perhaps a
military duty that is least under
ptood by the general public, and the
popular idea is oftentimes that any
miserable fellow, disgusted with all
the world and bearing the record of
crime, may throw ofi all responsibili
ties and become a soldier. In this the
general opinion is in error. The Gov
ernment seeks to throw all possible
influence against the recruiting of un
jfit men, and wants only the good ones.
To this end the fibers chosen tor the
service are those of experience.
There are three principal points, or
depots as they are officially termed
David's Island, Jefferson" Barracks,
MLsouri (for the cavalry only), and
Columbus Barracks, Ohio. There are
twenty-six sub-depots or rendezvous,
from which a never ceasing
supply of men is kept moving toward
the three great centers. In charge of
all this system is a superintendent of
recruting service, with headquarters
in this city, who is Lieutenant Colo
nel A. L. Hough, Sixteenth Infantry,
whose Assistant Adjutant General is
First Lieutenant R. H. Patterson, of
the First Artillery.
Lieutenant Colonel E. F. O'Beirne,
of the Fifteenth Infantry, is the Com
manding Officer of David's Island, and
his Adjutant is First Lieutenant Cal
vin D. Cowles.
The Government requires about
5,000 recruits each year. The ap
plicants at the recruting ren
dezvous are carefully examined.
Many of them, indeed, are turned
away on general principles before ex
amination, and only one in six is ac
cepted after. The physique must be
good, the character (as far as can be
learned) must be good, and if it is dis
covered after enlistment that a recruit
hae committed crime he will be per
emptorily dismissed. Then he is sent
to tne island, where he is again exam
ined, and the first examination is
liable to be set aside if the man is not
all right. He is kept three months
and then dratted away, to some regi
ment as required.
There are 600 of the them there
now in all stages of preparation
from he who turns his toes in
to he who wears a corporal's
stripes for excellence at drill, and there
are tew awkward men in the lot. It is
a surprising fact that three days in
the hands of a good drill sergeant will
take most of the kinks out of a man,
put stiffness in his backbone, and give
him that graceful carriage that can
only be attained by a military "set
ting up." These 600 are divided into
four companies. There is besides a
permanent force of sergeants, corpo
rals, quartermaster's men, etc.
When a recruit arrives he is first
ushered into the awful presence ot the
Sergeant Major, whose eagle eye and
years of experience can detect a mus
cle out of place. He then goes to the Ad
jutant, is receipted for, assigned to a
company and gets his uniform.
A good dinner comes next, as it
is assumed that the average recuit is
hungry. After dinner he is whisked
away to the hospital and vaccinated.
On the second day he is examined by
the surgeon finally, and if not rejected
(and only about 1 per cent, are on
this final examination) is completely
uniformed. If he desires it he is'allow
ed $3 credit at the trader's and as
signed to a squad to be fashioned into
Drill is from 10 to 11 o'clock in the
morning and from 2 to 3 o'clock
in the afternoon. The recruit
does no sentry duty at all for
the first month or so, or
until he is considered fit to perform
that responsible and honorable duty.
What does he do with his off time?
some one asks. Well, pretty much
as most men of his sphere of life
beforD they enlist,, excep thaut he vio UUUImc i oug
probably has a better time generally
and can throw the responsibility for
his health on the officers. He can go to
the club and play billiards he can play
base-ball, foot-ball, and other games
he can read a selection of several thou
sand books he can occasionally go to
a dance, which the officers per
mit from time to time he can
attend lectures and concerts during
the Winter season, and he has the
music of one of the best bands in the
service at all time. He can not whoop
it up and paint the island red with
impunity, but he can do most of the
things that the average citizen can,
and besides his credit is good at the
trader's for beer, and that is not al
ways the case with the average citizen.
And yet there are recruits who are
not happy. Some of them brood
over thoughts that lead to all kinds
of extravagant expression. The bar
racks are prisons the uniform, stripes
of penaLservitude the officers jailers,
and the army is condemned to the
demnition bowwows generally.
If a new-comer is intelligent, he has
little to fear from the drill sergeants.
If he is stupid or intentionally care
lesswell, they have their work to do,
and they generally do it. Scrubbing
bunks and digging sand have their
material side as well. A man who is
obliged to shovel sand into a cart for
several hours, while an armed sentry
stands over him, may possibly be ex
cused for thinking that the world has
Or. S. Weir Mitrfell, of JrWde^
phia, is almost as well known aa re
counter as be is as a r^ytiiaai#' Oat
of his'stories is a personal experiencB
which occurred during the war. He
ports of cruelty to the Confederate
prisoners confined in the military pris
on at Fort Delaware were sent to the
Federal headquarters, and a commit
tee of gentlemen, among whom was
Dr. Mitchell, visited the prison $o in*
vestigate the matter. The reports
were found to be exaggerated an&
most of the prisoners limited their
complaints to an insufficient supply of
tobacco. One of the men, whose unit
form showed him to be an officer,
said he had been granted his exchange,'
but had no monev to return to his
home. Dr. Mitchell emptied his pock
ets and gave him $20. "To whom
am I indebted for this loan?" inquir
ed the officer. Dr. Mitchell told his
name, but Added. "Never mind where
1 live give it to the next Union soldier
you find who needs it as badly as you.
do, and I will consider that sufficient
payment." The doctor returned to
Philadelphia, the war came to an end
and he had forgotten the incident of
the rebel prisoner, when one day a
stranger, dressed in the uniform of a
Union soldier, entered his office and
inquired if he was Dr. Mitchell. The
Doctor said he was. "Dr. S. Weir
Mitchell?" the man asked again. "The
same," said the Doctor. "Then I
have some money to return to you
which you lent me through the confed
erate officer you found in prison at
Fort Delaware. He gave it to me to
pay my way back to the North," and
the man handed the surprised doctor
The Horrors of St, L.azare.
A Paris correspondent gives a de
scription of the loathsome St. Lazare
prison, the infamous place in which
Lord Colin Campbell sought to have
his wife imprisoned, and tells of the
case of the unfortunate Comtesse de
a lovely and noble woman, who
at the instigation of a certain prince
whose advances she had repulsed, was
seized and committed to tha police
station, where she spent the night
with a number of the most degraded
specimens of womanhood. The next
morning, on being landed in the St.
Lazare prison, she was at length able
to speak to the prison surgeon, but
not before she had been submitted to
the nameless indignities inflicted on
thewomen of bad reputation when they
first arrive at the prison. Of course,
she was immediately liberated with
the most profuse apologies. Finding
her way home she got into the house,
locked herself up in her room, and
after writing a letter to her husband,
who was asleep in the adjoining room,
explaining what bad taken place, she
seized a small revolver on her man
telpiece, and a minute later a pistol
shot rang through the house. One
door being burst open the comtesse
was found lying dead on the floor, the
letter on the table stating that after
the horrible indignities to which she
had been subjected her name was
everlastingly branded with infamy
and that she feft herself incapable of
ever looking into the face of her be
loved husband or children again.
to teach their childr
Starting a Balky Horse. 4
Breathing through the open mouthT
is practised for the most part only
by "civilized" men. The aborigines
of our country, and savage tribes
elsewhere, always keep the mouth
tightly closed and breathe through
the nostrils. $.' rMl
Nature is a wiser teacher than]
fashion, for the primitive method of
breathing is the best one on every]
principle of hygiene. There is dangeil
of severe injury to the bronchial] 3
tubes and to the delicate vessels ofl
the lungs, in passing from th0
warm air of a house to an atmosphere]
in the neighborhood of zero, if thej
air is taken directly into the lungs.]
By passing it through the nostrils!
the chill is removed, and the shocl$|
from the sudden change escaped.
Lieut. Schwatka said that in thd
most intense cold of the Arctic regions^
one mu=Jt usually breathe through'
If the modern germ theory of the^
origin of infectious diseases is true,/
breathing through the nostrils is one]
of nature's safeguards. The hairs,!
which line the entrance to the nos
trils, may arrest the germs floating]
in the air and prevent their passage!
to the lungs, and consequent aW
sorption by the blood. Parents]
eahe only through the i
Of course a Boston driver has brains,
and the following, from the Boston
Journal, tells how one used them on a
A heavily-loaded sleigh was stuck
on a car track in Scollav square. The
street was badly blocked in conse
quence.and a crowdgathered as usual.
The horse pulled well, but he ^could
not move the load. The crowd shout
ed and offered all sorts of advice.
"Why don't you whip him?" oneV
man asked, and at the same time he
lifted a whip and was about to ply it
round the animai'3 legs. The horse
had become very restless and pranced
about without pulling effectively.
"Don't you strike that horse," Vbii'A
driver shouted. "I've driven this ani
mal a good many years and know
just what he can do. I have never
struck him with a whip, and don't in
tend to now. If you fellows will only
stop your confounded yelling the
horse will be ail right. He is so frighten
ed that he doesn't Know what to do/'
Patrolman Ruby quieted the crowd,
and in a few minutes the horse calmed
down. Then the driver stroked his
head and said in a quiet tone: "Come,
John, it's all right now." The horse
made another effort and succeeded ia
clearing the track.