Newspaper Page Text
NEW ULM, MINN.
CHAS.L. ROOS, Managing Editor
^P^Wednesday, Feb. 2, 1887.
In our last issue we said that the day
may not be very distant when the state
will have to assert in reference to the
railway aright so frequently and liber
ally delegated to its builders,the right
of eminent domain.On the 26th of Janu
ary the house committee of the whole
recommended the passage of a memori
al to Congress in which that very right
is asserted in respect to the 200,000
square miles of land in the United
States underlaid with coal. In the lan
guage of the memorial, the people of
the United States are forced to pay tri
bute to a few men holding this vast
area, of coal-bearing land and as these
men have performed no service to their
fellow countrymen to entitle them to
this privilege, but have derived their
wealth and power solely from the arti
ficial scarcity created in the coal sup
ply by their illegal combinations and
conspiracies, the memorial requests our
senators and representatives in Con
gress "to prepare a bill, asserting by
the right of eminent domain the sover
eign right of the people to relieve them
selves from this oppression by con
demning all coal lands where such con
spiracies and combinations exist, and
also to reserve our coal lands yet be
longing to the general government, as
valuable mineral lands are reserved,
and for the establishment of some sys
tem of management whereby the peo
ple can at all times obtain cheap fuel at
the actual cost of mining the same, and
not permit this great essential of life
to be monopolized by a few citizens to
the great detriment of the whole peo-
ple." Mr. Donnelly said in respect to
the memorial that "the right asserted
in it of eminent domain as possessed
by the government is novel, but necess
ary for the public good." Nobody
doubts the right of the state to take
private property for public use on pay
ing its appraised value and it becomes
the duty of government to exercise that
right whenever the public welfare de
mands such seizure. If it is necessary
for the public good that the state oper
ate a number of coal mines in order to
furnish the people at the actual cost of
mining with a kind of fuel the occur
rence of which is limited to a few fa
vored localities, it is equally necessary
that the state possess the means of
carrying such fuel at the actual cost of
transportation to the remotest corner
of the country A government system
of railways is but a necessary adjunct
of government mines, while as one of
the means of securing to labor its just
returns its advantages would be a
thousandfold greater than those result
ing from the proposed coal-mine plan.
If the state should build a system of
railroads that are to furnish transporta
tion at actual cost, no private corpora
tion could compete with the same. In
this case railroad companies would
sooner or later request the state to pur
chase their property. As compliance
with this request would unnecessarily
duplicate state roads, and non-com
pliance would be an act of injustice to
corporations which have for so long a
time been weighed down with the per
formance of duties shirked by the gov
ernment, the only way out of the trou
ble is a vigorous exercise on the part of
the state of the right of eminent do
main. That little memorial on the
coal problem &nou!d be speedily fol
lowed by a bigger one on the railroad
Commenting upon the Lucas memo
rial relating to the ownership of coal
lands, the PIONEER PBESS makes a
most remarkable display of the intri
cate sophistry it is wont to employ
whenever its tender spot is touched.
According to the logic of the PIONHER
PRESS, the Lucas memorial denies the
right of private property in land and
advertises our beloved Minnesota to the
rest of the country "as a State of socia
lists and anarchists." The climax of
absurdity is capped with the following
declaration: "The right of eminent
domain, as our legislators possibly are
aware, is aright to be exercised sub
ject to the constitutional provision that
prJL^ate property shall not be taken for
public use without just compensation.
But, fairly launched upon the course
marked out for us by those who hold
^that objects of public utility cannot
acknowledge private ownership, but
to the state, we
For nearly everything exis
tent is an object of public desire and
if, while appropriating them all, we
were to pay for^ them all, we
should end just where we started, and
nobody would be any the better off.
Hence we could only carry out the new
programme by confiscating everything
to the use of the state." Now, this is
rich enough in itself, and it was quite
superfluous in appealing toJ he farmers
of our great Statu to employ the name
of Henry George as a scare-crow and
denounce a justifiable application of
the most important right civil society
has reserved to itself, as un-American.
jj^f^ must be transferred
3^ should need to nullify
When the white man first set ,his foot
upon American soil and proclaimed
himself monarch of all he surveyed, he
did so on the ground that the right of
civilized society to the soil supersedes
the claims of the savage, and that lands
which can be made to yield the neces
saries of life to hundreds of millions
should not continue to serve as hunting
grounds for the idle Indian. This doc
trine was decidedly un-American at the
time,but is is genuinelyAmerican to-day.
Civil society, or the civilized state, is
still the real owner of the soil and all
that it bears. The right of private
property does not imply absolute owner
ship in the true sense of the term. No
power on earth could justly deprive a
man of what he absolutely owns. The
so-called "absolute" civil riffhts are ab
solute only so far as they define the re
lation between the individual and all
the other individual members of socie
ty but they cease to be absolute when
ever the relation of the individual to
society as a whole is considered. Civil
society, or the state, may justly deprive
a man of life, and liberty, and private
property, whenever such a course is in
dispensable to the public good. Deny
ing the state this supreme right of in
terfering with the "absolute" civil
rights of the individual, is equivalent
to hoisting the red flag of anarchy. In
private property the state simply dele
gates its right of ownership to its in
dividual members, reserving to itself
the right of eminent domain,the right
of appropriating to public use any por
tion of this private property whenever
such a course is deemed '^necessary for
the public good. Under a perfect gov
ernment of the people, by the people
and for the people, the state will ren
der a just compensation or an equiva
lent service for property thus appropri
ated, and it wll not exercise this su
preme right for any purpose other than
the performance of its various functions
and the promotion of the public wel
fare. In asserting that "nearly every
thing existent is an object of public de-
sire," the PIONEER PRESS brands our
people as a nation of communists,
which they are not and never will be so
long as liberty and prosperity, both in
dividual and national, shall be the
watch-words of our civilization. "Pub
lic desire" is not so depiaved and blind
to the interests of the whole as
to extend to the appropriation
of the thousand forms of proper
ty which by private enterprise,
private industry and private skill are
made to subserve their true purpose.
But "public desire" does begin to di
rect itself to the millions of acres of
fertile land that are perverted,, from
their destination by paper blockades
against invasion by honest labor it
does begin to turn t those forms of
property which in private hands are
detrimental to public prosperity in
snort, "public desire" will soon have
for its object all those monopolized
forms of property which have always
enlisted the tenderest sympathies of the
In an editorial on Bismarck's recent
speech, the ST. PAUL GLOBE advances
a unique view of the situation in the
German reichstag. According to the
GLOBE, "the progressionist party in
Germany is the one to which the peo
ple must look for the inculcation of
those liberal and lepublican ideas
through the general adoption of which
they can alone hope for relief from the
oppression undei which they now suf-
fer." If the GLOBE were published in
Germany, at least nine-tenths of the
progressionist members of the reichstag
would feel inclined to sue that paper
for libel. Bismarck's ideal of a mon
archy is so far removed from the con
stitutional monarchy that he may be
said to favor an autocratic form^ of
government. The progressionists as a
party contend for a limited monarchy,
and Bismarck from his standpoint may
feel justified in declaring that "their
final objects are anti-monarchical." If
a limited monarchy is a monarchy at
all, there is but one faction in the
reichstag which is anti-monarchical,
the socialists. The democracy of their
adoption is certainly nothing "of the
American variety." In the recent
struggle over the army budget, the
point in discussion was not the immense
sum asked by the government, but the
number of years for which a standing
appropriation was demanded. Bis
marck and Moltke desired to make the
military independent of the reichstag
for a period of seven years, and to this
the opposition parties, whose principal
strength is in the so-called "center par-
ty," objected. The progressionist fac
tion thought it incompatible with the
spirit of a constitutional monarchy
to have the reichstag turn over the
purse to the imperial government for
so long a time.., A large majority of
the opposition'Voted in favor of an
amendment limiting the timeto three
years. While we agree with the
GLOBE'S assertion that "the sooner re
publicanism of the American variety is
brought about in Europe, the better it
will be for the people who pay the pi
per while royal revelers dance," we
hold that there was nothing in the par
liamentary struggle referred to which
would justify a eulogy of the tame pro
gressionist party from a
point of view.
The bill reported by the senate com
mittee on foreign relations empower
ing the President to exclude Canadian
trade from the ports of the United
States, was passed with but one dissent
ing vote. During the discussion the waves
of eloquence ran high, and Mr. Ingalls
of Kansas gave vent to his feelings in a
neat little speech, from which we clip the
following choice selections: "England
has always been a ruffian, a coward
and a bully among the nations of the
earth insolent to the weak, tyrannical
to the feeble, and cringing and obse
quious to the strong. Her history for
centuries has been a record of crime
against the human racein Ireland,
in Scotland and in "Wales against the
Roman Catholics: against the Boers of
South Africa, against the Hindoos and
the Chinese. Wherever there has been'
a feeble, a weak, a helpless nation,
Great Britain has been there for the
purpose of rapacity, plunder and con
quest. England bears no good will to
this country. The memory of two de
feats rankles, I dare say, in the breasts
of Englishmen Her course has al
ways been one of wrong, insolence,
and outrage There are few Ameri
cans who do not regret Waterloo
There are few Americans who do not
recognize the fact that the course of
England toward this country has been
one of insolence and suspicion and out
rage from the beginning of our national
existence. "There is a great deal of truth
in the above yet it was hardly proper
for the wild Kansan to talk in that way
on the floor of the national senate
chamber. We think that the existing
troubles can be adjusted peaceably,
provided the administration does not
lack the requisite ability for the per
formance of such a task.
The friends of high license held a
meeting in the grand opera house, St.
Paul, Sunday evening. Gov. McGill
presided. We clip the following from
his remarks on calling the meeting to
order. "This meeting was called for
the purpose of holding up the hands of
thosp men in the legislature who were
leading in the high license movement
and encouraging the friends of the
cause in that body. When the legisla
ture first convened high license was an
assured fact, but there has been an ap
parent changepeihaps more apparent
than real. The liquor interests are
splendidly organized, and are really in
that respect a worthy example to the
law and order people of this state.They
have been at work in the legislature,
and have accomplished results which
have alarmed the friends of high license.
It is now desired that we organize and
do the work which has been too much
neglected." He was followed by a
number of speakers all in favor of high
license of course and a number of them
intimating that undue influences were
used in the legislature to defeat a high
license bill at this session. In the
House, Monday Representative Rogers
introduced the following resolution
which was unanimously adopted: "Re-
solved,That the speaker at once appoint
a committee of five to investigate and as
certain if any corrupt influences, either
monetary or otherwise, are being used
to influence the members of this house
on any measures pending before this
house, or likely to be brought before it.
And as to whether detectives are em
ployed to watch the members of the,
house, with power to send tor persons
and papers." In the Senate a similar
resolution was offered by Senatoi Dur
ant, but, notice of debate being given,
it was laid over until Tuesday. No one
denies the friends of high license the
right to meet and work in favor of their
measure but they should be very care
ful and not accuse men opposed to
them as being influenced by monetary
or any other corrupt means.
What True Merit Will Do.
The unprecedented sale of Boschee's
German Syrup within a few years, has
astonished the world. It is without
doubt the safest and best remedy ever
discovered for the speedy and ef
fectual cure of Coughs, Colds and se
verest Lung troubles. It acts on an en
tirelytdifferent principle from the usual
prescriptions given by physicians, a%it
does not dry up a Cough and leave the
disease still in the system, but on the
contrary removes the cause of the trou
ble, heals the parts affected and leaves
them in a purely healthy condition.
A bottle kept in a house for use when
the diseases make their appearance, will
convince you of these facts. A trial
will convince you of these facts- It is
positively sold by all druggists and
general dealers in the land. Price, 75
cts, large bottles. 1
A Russian engineer has invented a
smokeless powder which is said to have
ten times the force of the gunpowder
hitherto in use. Noiseless explosives
are next in order.
The senior class ef the University of
Minnesota went to St. Paul in a body
to be present at the formal acceptance
of senatorial honors by C. K. Davis.
The ARIEL sa\ that the senator-elect
did not catch sight of the class until
lafe in the proceedings, and even then
displayed a marvelous self-possession,
considering the difficulties under which
"is warranted, is because it is the best
iJlood Preparation, known. It will posi
tively cure all Blood Diseases, purifies the
Trlicle system, and thoroughly builds up the
republican I constitution. Remember, we guarantee it.
C. L. Roos, New Ulm, Minn.
LATH, SHINGLES, DOORS,
and all kinds of
NEW ULM, MINN.
Our brewery is fully
able to fill all orders.
Mr. F. Grebe has charge of the
New Ulm, Minn.
Centre Street, New Ulm, Minn.
LATH, SHINGLES, DOORS,
SASH AND BLIND.
Lime, Cement and Coal.
Lowest prices always.
Opposite Railroad Depot,
NEW ULM, MIJSTN.
Cor. Minn, and 3d North Sts.,
NEW ULM, MINff.
and Dealer in all Kinds of
WM. FRANK. JOHN BENTZIN.
Custom grinding solicited. Will
grind wheat for i (one eigth) or ex
change 34 lbs. flour, 5 lbs. shorts and 8
Bbs. bran for one bushel of wheat. Flour
and feed sold at low rates and delivered
in New Ulm free of expense.
FRANK & BENTZIN.
JOS. SCHMUCKER, PROPRIETOR.
NEW ULM, MINN.
Pure beer sold in quantities to suit
the purchaser. Special attention paid
to the bottling of beer.
FR. GOLLNAST, PROP'R.
Opposite the Eailroad Depot.
NEW ULM, MINN.
First class accomodations
reasonable rates. Good
stabling on the
Dry Goods, Groceries, Notions, Fur
nishing Goods, Green, Dried and
All (roods Sold at Bottom Prices.
The Stock is all new and of
r* Near Meridian Block,
New Ulm, Minn.
CMAS. STENGEL, Prop,
The best of liquors and cigars always
on hand. A warm lunch is served every
Free front Opiates, Emetics and Poison,
SAFE. SURE. PROMPT. 25-
A DRUGGISTS AND DEALERS.
THE CHARLES A. VOGELEK CO., BALTIMOEE, MD.
B" _. Cures Rheumatism, Neuralgia
In I Ft
Bacbsche Headache, Toothache,
lOI I Di l- PK?CE"'FIFT%-ecg!jT8.S AT DRUGGISTS AND DEALER
THE CHARLES A VOGELER CO., BALTIMORE, BD.
My friends and acquaintances wiK
please take notice that I have just re
ceived a large invoice of
White and Red Wines,
which I will sell in any quantity less
than 5 gallons, at the lowest prices.
BOOTS & SHOES
Exchange for D^"Farmers Produce taken
goods at tbe most liberal prices
(J. B. SCHMID'S OLD STAND.)
SLEEPY EYE, MINN.
and Dealer in
Whips, Collars, and all oth
^er articles usually kept
in a first-class har
New harnesses made to order and re
pairing promptly attended to.
A, BehnJce, Manager,
NEW CHEAP GASH STORE.
Schmid & Wagner,
B. BEHNZE & CO.,
Undertaker and Dealer in
EXTENSIVE OPENING OF NEW AND DESIRABLE
FALL AND WINTER GOODS.
WE TAKE THIS EARLY OPPORTUNITY TO INVITE OUR
FRIENDS AND CUSTOMERS TO GIVE US A CALL
AND EXAMINE OUR GOODS. WE SELL AT
THE LOWEST PRICES.
r-* DRESS MAKING.
Miss Mary Hopt,
Union Hotel, New Ulm,
Has on hand a good stock of Millirery Goods COL
sisting part of Hats, Bonnets, Velvets, Silki
Ribbons, Feathers, Flowers, &c.
Also Patterns for stampiug monograms. Stamp
ing of all kinds. Embroidery Work and Fashion
able dressmaking done to order.
F. H. BEHNKE,
GOOD TABLE BUTTER.
New Brick,Cor. Minn. & Centre Strs.,\
NEW UM, MINN. fe-
Goods sold at Rock-bottom prices for
cash. Goods delivered in any part of
MAX J. ROSSKOPF. THEO. MUELLER.
Tobacco and Smokers'Articles,'VNI
Ruemke's Building, New Dim, Minn.
B. BEHITKE & CO.
DRUGGIST and STATIONER,
DE-A-XJISR, I N
for Masquerade Suits. I
A COMPLETE STOCK OF ROOTS, HERBS, BARKS AN1
PATENT MEDICINES ALWAYS ON HAND.
OF ALL KINDS.
amiiCABPETS ADD ktlUk
NEW ULM. MINN
PRICES QUOTED ON APPLICATION.
PROMPT ATTENTION TO MAIL ORJOEK8.
Post Office Block, New Ulm Minnesota.*
\ATii\oi\^ & f^tef
No. 1 Express 4:50 a.i
3 6:05 p.i"
19 Ac'm 1:45 i
No. 4 Express, 9:41 a. m.
2 9:40 p.m.
It Ac'm 4:50 a. m.
14 10:30 a. m.
"16 "^4:15 p.m
All others dai
NOB. 1 and 2 daily,
C. W. H. HETDEMAN, Agec