Newspaper Page Text
Jtf h-l New Ulm Review. & BRAN8T & WEDDENDORP, Publishers. EW ULM, MINNESOTA. Senator Mahone of Virginia declares *.j*.f\ \^ith much emphasis that he will nev- #$$pr by any influence which he possesses aid in repudiating one cent of the debt which Virginia owes. British capitalists propose to build flouring mills in Brazil and get a 'wheat supply from the Argentine Re public, thus shutting out American flour which has hitherto had a good market in Brazil although paying a duty of 75 cents a barrel. British capitalists have also captured Peru. Bismarck has secured by his recent appeal to the electors of Germany not merely an obedient majority in the Reichstag, but virtually has wiped out that body as a check upon his plans and methods in state affairs. Imperialism in the Kaiser's empire is safef rom parliamentary annoyance for the present. It is announced, apparently by authority, that there will be no extra session of Congress this spring or sum mer, but there is a possibility, if the government is much inconvenienced by the failure of the deficiency bill, the regular time of meeting maybe antici pated by the president calling Con gress together in October, sixty days before the usual time of meeting. Consul General Heap, whose death at Constantinople was noted a few days ago, was probably one of the best-informed men in the consular service of this government. He made a study of business and economic questions, and his official reports to the department of state possessed great value because of their clearness and precision of statement and their comprehensive scope. Newspapers and public men accepted them as au thority upon the subjects with which they dealt. Carroll D. Wright has crept far enough forward to say that volun tary immigration may yet do the industries of the cuntry great harm. Thirty-two per cent of all those employed in our me chanical industries are of foreign birth, and however much foreign em migration has aided the develop ment of railroad building, public works and other enterprises, the in dustries have been obliged to assimi late labor faster than the demand for products has warranted. The president allowed the river and harbor bill to fail, because there are $16,000,000 in unexpended river and harbor balances remaining in the hands of the secretary of war, and, as the president said a few days ago, it seemed to him that he had signed a river and harbor bill only the week before. There were several items o* questionable value in the bill, and some that were unquestionably bad. No great interest is believed to be threatened by the failure of the measure. It was not discussed in the house, and, so for as that body waa concerned, it was the product of three conferrees. The sixty-ninth regiment of Penn sylvania veterans have tendered the members of Pickett's famous Confed erate division a reception on the Get tysburg battle-field en the third ol July. The Pennsylvania regiment confronted Pickett's men when they made the historic charge up Cemetery Ridge, and the invitation concedes that it was "the most intrepid and gallant charge recorded in history." The invitation further states that the Pennsylvania soldiers "have ever held in highest esteem the members of Pickett's gallant division." The ex Confederates have determined to visit the Gettysburg battle-field on the third of July, and on that day the Sixty-ninth Pennsylvania will dedi cate it3 monument. The Legislature of West Virginia, which adjourned without electing a senator or disposing of other import ant matters, will be reconvened by the Governor of that state in extra ses sion in April. If it remains in session long enough to eleGt a United States senator, D. B. Lucas, who was ap pointed by Governor Wilson to suc ceed Mr. Camden, may be himself su perseded before heeven takes his seat. J. J. Finley. who has been appointed to succeed Charles W. Jones,may in like manner be left out in the cold when the Florida Legislature meets in June. The New Hampshire Legislature in June will elect o. successor to P. C. Cheney, who was apppointed to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Senator Pike. With the meeting and election of senators by these three laggard Legislatures the permanent roll of the next Senate will be, com plete. $ 3 *& fe&R5*, HUB GESfERAL NEWS K0TES.71 4 I*- r\"Jr *|The Poatnet Murderer Beleasee^#*J| Charles P. Freeman o! Pocasset, Mass., who murdered his daughter in December 1883, and who on his trial was adjudged inBane and ordered confined in an insane asylum for the rest of his natural life, has been discharged front the institution as cured. Freeman and his wife were Second Adventists and the night before the murder they attended an excited meeting of their sect. After their return home they prayed nearly all nightand Freeman alleged that he was call ed upon by God to sacrifice his daughter. They proceeded to the bedroom where the children were sleeping and Freeman stabbed the ftttle one several times in the side, causing almost instant death. The next day Freeman called another meeting of Adventists at his house and told them what he had done, this action receiving their tacit approval. Freeman and his wife were arrested. Mrs. Freeman, after ly ing in jail some time, was discharged and Freeman's case was disposed as above stated. Bishop Hare and Rev, 8. D, Hinman. In New York a motion to place the suit of Rev. Samuel D. Hinman against Bishop William Hare for damages for alleged libel, on the day calendar of the supreme court for trial was argued before Judge Patter son. The case grew out of an investigation Bet on foot by the bishop concerning accu sations of immorality against the plaint iff, in regard to which the bishop made a statement. Mr. Hinman was a mis sionary among the Indians in Dakota and Nebraska, in the diocese over which the bishop presided. After several investiga tions without result the suit was brought and was decided in favor of the plaintiff. The judgment was sustained by the general term, but -was reversed on technical grounds by the court of appeals and a new trial was ordered. Counsel in behalf of the plaintiff stated that his client had been unable to secure any employment from the church since the publication had been made and that he would have starved if it had.not been for a friend's kindness. Decision reversed. New Railroad Tariffs. The representatives of the transconti nental lines finished their traffic construc tion labor at Chicago.havipg arranged one tariff ba3ed on a strict interpretation of the new Cullom-Reagan law,and another tariff designed to meet Canadian Pacific and water competition. The first will be put into ef fect at once. It advances the present through rates 50 per cent. The new rates are to be as follows- First-class, $4.70 second, $4 third, $3.35, fourth, $2.75 fifth. $2.45, class A, $2.30, B, $1.95, C, $1.55, D, $1.25, E, $1.15. The attorneys of the several roads are instructed to pre sent the other tariff to the federal com missioners, when appointed, xind ask that the transcontinental roads be allow ed to adopt it, the claim being made that the tariff, strictly complying with the law, will throw the railroads out of the through business. A special committee was ap pointed to work with the general solici tors to prepare a petition to the commis sion. When Judge Spencer arrived at Huron, Dak., a brilliant reception in his honor was held at the home of Attorney Fisk. Nearly five hundred citizens and their wives called during the evening to pay their respects. The judge was born in Whitehall in 1851, and graduated at the Albany Law School. He has a wife and two children. It is stated that Dr. McGlynn has re ceived a letter from Cardinal Gibbons at Rome informing him that he will be rein stated as pastor of St. Stephen's. The pope has invited him to pay a friendly visit to Rome. In the county court at Milwaukee papers were filed in a divorce suit begun by Mrs. E. M. Westcutt against George Westcofct. The president has granted a pardon to George H. Daubner, sentenced to three years' imprisonment in Wisconsin for pen sion frauds. The president says: His of fense prejudices me very much against granting him any relief, but his sentence having been served, and Hon. Edward S. Bragg, himself a brave and distinguished soldier, having given the opinion that since the sentence the convict has behaved well, the pardon is granted for the purpose of restoring him to the rights of citizenship. Over one hundred persons were killed and wounded by another New England railroad disaster near Boston. Gov. McGill of Minn., has made judges of Col. Hicks and W. L. Kelly. The Chicago Congregational ministers have adopted a paper eulogizing the late Henry Ward Beecher, though two of the number object. Lot Flannery, the Washington sculptor, completing a bust of Gen. Logan which was modeled twenty-one years ago. Pensions allowed. Samuel G. Wright, Valley City Charles W. Whitefield, Lang lord James Everson, Volga Moses, father of Samuel L. Plant, Milbank. Increased Samuel L. Hudson, Wolsej John H. Twaddle, Raymond George M. Sharpe, Fargo Lucien B. Hudgens, Myrtle. The president has taken the following action on applications for pardon- In the case of Dennis Kelly, convicted of man slaughter and sentenced to eighteen month's imprisonment at Portland, Me., he says: The defendant having been a good soldier and his offense appearing to be the result of an excitable temperament, rather than any malicious intent, and the convict, having served the entire extent of his sentence, a pardon is granted to restore him to citizenship. Richard Elliott, a reporter for the Phil adelphia Press, is about to marry Bessie Wheeler of that city, and she is worth $400,000. Elliott will not trouble himself much about reporting, thereafter. Cook county, Chicago, refuses to recognize the alleged marriage of Nina Van Zandt to August Spies, and the certificate has been returned to the justice who issued it by the county clerk. Nathan Falk, a traveling salesman, was arraigned before a justice at Denver, charged with the larcency of 3,000 cigars. He was held in bonds of $500 to appear before the grand jury. He leaped 70 feet from an elevator and broke his neck. The president has refused to pardon David Shanks, who has served his sentence for conspiracy to counterfeit in Illinois, although the pardon was merely to restore him to citizenship. The president declined to grant it without evidence of the good char, acter and conduct of the applicant since his release. Ex-Secretary Daniel Manning sailed for Europe on the steamer Arizona recently. He was accompanied by his wife and daughter. ^One of Senator Vest's eyes is in an inv paired condition, and he is under treat ment in New York. Dr. Frank Abbott, one of New ^York's leading dentists, takes in $30,000 a year. Alabama's defaulting state treasurer is captured in Texas. The Massachusetts railroad disaster is being officially investigated, but the truth as to the cause remains hidden. The president has granted a pardon to J. J. C. Dougherty, who was convicted of embezzling money order funds amounting to $3,336 and sentenced Oct. 6, 1884, to three years' imprisonment in theBaltimoie jail and to pay a fine equal to the amount embezzled. The pardon was granted upon #l?rftlW':h X^^M the recommendation ot the judge 'who sen* tenced the convict. AHen Thorndyke Rice has bought foe suit of clothes ,worn by Washington at his first inauguration. Senator Hle will next month go to Par is to see Mrs. Hale and hm boyB. FOBtoffice established: IowaGateaville, Buchanan county. Postmasters commis- sionedIowa: MountSterling.C. J* Sample. Wisconsin: Edson, D. D. Mohr Martin, C. Scheutze Rome, J. Loci. Mavroyne Bey the newly accredited minis ter from Turkey was formally presented to the president by Secretary Bayard. Welling & Lacroft, proprietors of the principal general store at Clark, Dak., as signed to W, D. Wayne. Assets, $12,000 liabilities, $7,000. iToo much credit caus ed the failure. Lowry, conductor of the freight train to the Wheatland, Dak., accident, was ar raigned a& Fargo on the charge of man slaughter. The hearing will take piact shortly. Bail was furnished at $1,5G0 The brakeman and engineer have died since the accident, making three deaths in all. The secretary, of the interior has ad dressed a note to the attorney general ask ing faim to "bring suit should he find it compatible with public interest." against the estate of the late Congressman Price of Black River Falls, for the value of 494,359 feet of pine timber cut from the public domain. Price was for many years in the lumber business, and accumulat ed a considerable fortune in it. A special timber depredations agent has discovered that in 1880 and 1881, Price cut, or caused to be cut, 938 pine trees in section 10, township 38, range 1, in the Flambeau river district. The special agent informs the general land of fice that the trespass was willful, the depre dators knowing the land to be government land, and further information volunteered th at the estate is solvent, and that the value of the lumber can be collected. Sec retary Lamar suggests to Mr. Garland that about $4 for cut and $12 per thou sand sawed would be about the right thing, which would make Mr. Price's estate liable to the government for about $6,000. Half of the business part of Oxford, N.CL, was destroyed by fire, twenty-three firms being burned out. Loss, $100,000. At Buffalo, N. Y., the building "of Miller, Greiner & Co., wholesale grocers, was burn ed with its contents, hot coals dropping on one of the floors causing the fire. The two upper floors were occupied as a Ma sonic hall. Miller, Greiner & Co.'s loss is $120,000 on building and $150,000 on stock insurance, $125,000. The loss by the destruction of the Masons' hall is about $35,000 insurance, $25,000. Anna Dickinson says she has had sever al offers to go upon the dramatic stage. She thinks she will go to Europe. Uncle John Robinson, the oldest show man in the world, is very ill at Cincinnati. He is worth $2,000,000. Hon. John W. Bookwalter of Springfield, Ohio, will send his great collection of art works and curios to Cincinnati for exhi bition at the museum there. The New York Central company has be gun steps to do without lamps in its cars, and so lessen the danger of fire. The in candescent electrics are used. James G. Blane, Jr., is to begin a career among the bulls and bears of Wall street. He has entered the employ of the stock brokerage firm of I. Morris Pryor, which is quite well known in Wall street. He has been employed on a Pittsburg paper for sometime, but tired of newspaper work there and desired a broader field for the exercise of his abilities. S. J. Powell, of the signal corps, died in Washington of softening of the brain. The Dakota appropriations foot up near ly a million and a half. Mr. George H. Freudenreich, a Minneso tian now residing at Odessa, Russia, seeing the accounts of terrible disasters on the railways in this country resulting from the use of car stoves, writes that In Russia, where he has traveled extensively by rail, the stove is abolished, and traveling is made perfectly eafe and comfortable by the substitution cf a special car in the cen ter of the train supplied with a large boiler, from which steam is conveyed to the other cars in pipes. The real reason why Montgomery, com missioner of patents, is to retire is a thor ough disgust contracted in his experience with the average congressman in the past two sessions of congress. He found him self daily overrun by gentlemen demanding a position for this lady, a transfer for that, a promotion for a third, until the office has been reduced from a judical and execu tive position that would be a credit to any lawyer, however great his attainments, to that of an ordinary appointment clerk. The eighteenth annual reunion of the Society of the Army of the Cumberland will be held in Washington May 11 and 12. The principal feature will be the un veiling of the statue of Garfield in the cir cle at the junction of Maryland avenue and First street. The cost of the statue, which is the work of J. Q. A. Ward, was met by contributions from the army of the Cumberland, and congress appropriated $30,000 for the pedestal. It is estimated that 500 members of the society will be present, many of them accompanied by la dies. A St. Petersburg dispatch to the Lon don Times of the 15 th inst., says: On Sunday the route which was to have been taken by the czar was crowded with gaily dressed people. Before the imperial party left the fortress the police telegraphed they had grave suspicions that violence was to be attempted and advised their majesties to change their route. Accord ingly the royal party drove by way of the Neva Quay and a circuitous route avoid ing the town. Meanwhile arrests were made at the corner of the Newsky Prospect and the Great Morskaia, where the plot ters expected the party would slacken its pace upon turning the corner. On Monday many of the two hundred persons arrested were released. A special council was held on Sunday night, Grand Duke Vladimir presiding. The would-be assassin is of short stature. He refuses to reply to any questions. The nearest living relative of Gen. Wash ington is his great nephew, Capt. Henry Howell Lewis of Baltimore, who is grand son of Gen. Washington's 6ister Bettic, who was Mrs. Fielding Lewis, whose happy married life with Col. Fielding Lewis, was spent at the still beautiful old place known as Kenmore, near Fredericksburg. The president has made the following appointments: C. H. J. Taylor, Kansas, colored minister resident andeiconsul gen eral to Liberia. James R. Hosmer, New York, secretary of legation in the Central American States, and consul general at Guatemala. Mrs. Cleveland's mourning costume is black and white and soft shades of lilac and gray. A bill was filed in the circuit court at Chicago by Richard H. Stearns against H. V. Bemis and the Hotel Richelieu com pany, asking that a receiver be appointed to take charge of the hotel and protect it from insolvency. Herman W. Young died at his home in Roslindale, MasB. This brings the list of deaths from the Forest Hill accident up to twenty-five. In the Illinois house the proposed 'pro hibitory constutional amendment was lost-65 to 78. The son of Gov. Ames of Massacnuse is hard at work in a shovelshop learning his trade, AFBIGHTFULWMJK. Sight Coaches of ft Boston Providence Fatten. ger Train Go Sewn Witt Hiss Bridge. Some Thirty Persona Killed ana^Serentr Injur* edMany of the Latter In Dying Condition. Boston, March 14.An accident thin "morning occurred am the Dedham branch of the Boston & Providence railroad be tween Forest Hill and Roslindale, at Bus sey Park bridge. The 7 o'clock train from Dedham, consisting of seven cars and a baggage car, under charge of Gondactor Tilden, broke through the bridge. The engine and three cars went over safely, bat the five others fell through the bridge to the ioad beneath, a distance of thirty feet. The last cat, which was the smoker, turned completely over and struck on top of tfhe others, all being 'crushed almost u of shape. The latest reports place the immber of killed at thir*v-three and of injured atseventy. The bridge is compara tively a new one, and the accident was caus ed by a truck on-one of the cars giving way, causing the car to strike against the abut ment of the bridge. The smoking car, after it fell, caught fire, butt the fire department prevented any spread of the flames. The bodies of the dead have all been removed, and of the wounded some are at the hos pital and some have been taken home, so that it is very difficult to obtain their names and the extent of their injuries. THE VICTIMS. The following is a revised list of the kill -ed, and those who have died of their in juries: Conductor Myron Tilden of Dedham. Alice Burnett, Roslindale. William Johnson, same. Mrs. Hormisdas Cardinal, same. Mr. Clapp, Central station, West Rox bury. Miss Norris. West Roxbury. Edward E. Norris, Dedham. Edgar M. Snow, West Roxbury. Waldo B. Laillier, West Roxbury. Lizzie Mandeville, Dedham. Lizzie Walton, Dedham. William S. Strong, died after removal to hospital. William E. Durham, Roslindale. Stephen T. Houghton, Rosindale. Harry Gay, Boston. Miss M. L. Odiorne, Dover, N. H. Miss Ida Adams, Boston. Lizzie Price, Dedham. Miss Sarah E. Ellis, Medfield. An unknown woman about thirty years of ace. Albert Johnson, Boston. Petdr Warren. Emma P. Hill, Boston. Hattie J. Dudley. Laura Price, West Roxbury. Rosa Bella Welch, West Roxoury It is impossible to obtain a correct account of the number injured, but it will reach one hundred or more. Of these at least t\venty-fi\e are quite badly hurt, and the remainder received only slight bruises. WISCONSIN HUBDEK TRIAL. Trial of Darld Allen at Nelllville, for the Murder of Henry Wright, In May, 1886, Henry Wright, of the town of Royal, Clark county, Wis., was taken sick and died under suspicious cir cumstances. It wae developed that David Allen, a neighbor, had been sustaining illic it relations with Wright's wife. Allen and Mrs. Wright were arrested and tried in a jus ice's court, and Allen indicted for mur der. Mrs. Wright made a full confession, but afterward recanted. In this confes sion the woman declared that she and Allen had agreed to kill both Mr. Wright and Allen's wife by poison, and that she and Allen poisoned Wright by putting Btrychnine in his tea. It was said at the time that Mrs. Allen,who for weeks had been confined to her bed by some mysterious illness, speedily regained her health alter her husband had been consigned to jail. At the trial at Neillsville, one Derby, a neighbor of Wright's testified: Intimacy existed between the families of Wright and Allen. Allen was continuously in attend ance upon Wright in his illness and ap peared to purposely avoid any one else who came to wait upon Wright. Dr. W. S. Hanea, the analytic chemist, of Chicago, who analyzed thestomach of Hen ry Wright, testified to the presence or ar senic in Wright's stomach. Margaret Wright, widow of the deceased, was called by the state. Counsel for the defense objected to allowing her testifying as it was stated that she was an accom plice, and would turn state's evidence in order to obtain immunity. The court de cided to hear her testimony. She testified: There had been criminal intercourse be tween herself and Allen for about a year previous to her husband's death, on May 3, 18SG. Allen decided to get rid of both his wile and her husband, and that he would then leave with the witness. He procured Btrychnine at Neillsville, but as it tasted bad, Wright could not be induced to drink water containing it. Allen then went to Milwaukee in April and purchased arsenic, about two weeks before Wright's death. Allen had her put some into cook' je$. The deceased ate some of them the next morning, which caused him to he very sick. Seeing her husband in pain, she relent ed, got some lobelia, steeped some and gavd him some tea. He vomited violently and was relieved. Allen had stated to her that he was giving the deceased doses of arsenic, and had repeatedly admitted giving him poison. She did not give any person her' self any of the cookies, nor did she consent to giving any. Allen wanted her to go to Chicago, and she would not. She told him she would tell all, and he swore he would hire men to swear against her. The wit ness started for Marshfield and was arrest ed at Loyal. She saw Allen once or twice in jail. Once he Baid he was sorry the wit ness owned up. Monday night when she talked with him there were three men with her-Messrs. Woodward, Campbell and Hill. They had correspondence in writing and passed notes by a string. Mrs. Wright's counsel produced letters which the witness says she received from Allen. The court house was crowded with spectators. Important to Dakota Lawyen. Three bills of great" importance to the legal profession of the territory became laws at the late session. The following are their provisions: Council bill 136, introduced by Mr. Hughes, covers the entire practice on trial up to the notice of appeal to the supreme court. It is the California practice as it exists in that state. The old law was the California practice in part, and was so in complete and uncertain in its provisions that it was very difficult to take a case on appeal to the supreme court. Council bill 160, introduced by Mr. Mc Cumber, provides for appeals from the dis trict to the supreme court. This bill begins where the former bill leaves off, and is the Wisconsin practice. It is much more sim ple in its provisions, and much less expen sive to litigants than the old law. Council bill 147,introduced by Mr Hughes, defines the power of the judge of court in chambers and validates former orders, and judgments. j[$Wri% The Journal des Debate has a dispatch from Vienna saying: Baron von Schlaezer, Prussian minister to the Vatican, suggest ed that the pope convene a European con gress to settle the Eastern and Egyptian questions. In such an event Bismarck, be ing satisfied with the success of he army bill, would propose that the congress de clare in favor at general disarmaments,. MARK TWAIN AS A FARMER. A Sseeeh ThatfieBight Have Beltrered Before Farmers' Clan, I have been introduced to you as an experienced agriculturist. (Laughter.) I love the farm. Adam loved the farm. (Laughter.) Noah loved his vineyards. Horace loved the farm, as is shown by that great book, "What I Know About Farming." (Laughter.) Washington, Webster and Beecher were allured by the at tractions of agriculture. Some one said to Beecher, "Keep your cows out of my shrubbery." "Keep yourshrub berry out of my cows," replied Beech er "it spoils the milk." (Laughter.) Hogs are hard animals to drive oyer a bridge. (Laughter.) I once saw a man carried several miles on the back of a hog that turned back in opposition to the solicitations of the driver on approaching a bridge. (Langhter.) I will tell you ot a safe way to get hogs over a bridge: Kill them and draw them over in a wagon. (Laughter.) Hogs are fond of spring lambs and spring chickens. Hogs will eat their own offspring if no lambs or chickens are offered in the market. (Laughter.) When a boy I was solicited to escort a pig to a neighbor's farm. A strong rope tied to the pig's leg was placed in my hand. I did not know before the speed and strength of a pis. (Laughter.) But they do not run the way you want them to run. (Renewed laughter.) A pig can draw a canal boat with the tow-line tied to his hind leg, but I would not insure the canal boat. Hogs are cleanly, orderly, si lent and not bent on mischief(laugh ter)when cut up and salted and in a tight barrel, with a heavy weight on the lid. (Prolonged laughter.) This is all I know about hogs. I love cows. (Laughter.) What so meek and low-ly (laughteras a mooley cow? City people are foolish to be frightened at cows. I was never hurt by a cow but once. He shook his head at me from behind a strong gate. I felt the security of my posi tion and shied a pumpkin at him. He came through the gate as though it were a spider's web, and then I was sorry I did it. (Laughter.) This kind of a cow should not be tooled with unless you are tired of monotony, (Laughter.) The poet loves to dwell upon milkmaids, milking time and lovers sparking over the farm-yard gate, but no such poet could ever nave milked a cow in fly time. (Laughter.) I cannot imagine a suc cessful love suit at such a season. I milked the cows one night when the boys were off on a fourth of July. (Laughter.) That is I milked one and one-half cows. (Laughter.) The last one was so busy knocking off flies With her hind foot I thought I had better not disturb her longer. A pail of fresh milk kicked over a boy does not improve his clothes or temper. Some say I milked from the wrong side! (Great laughter.) I thought I would be sure and be right, so I milked half on one side and half on the other (Renewed laughter.) I was on the other side when she knock ed off most flies. Can any one tell me why a cow should be permitted to dictate which side a man shall milk from? I claim the right of my choice at least half of the time. Sheep are my special delight. How gracefully the lambs gambol over the green. Nothing so patient and mod est as a sheep. (Laughter.) Some say a scamp is the black sheep of the flock, but a black sheep is just as re spectable as any, and the color line should not thus be drawn. (Laugh- ter.) I once fished on the bluff and casually discovered a sheep with large crooked horns coming at me with head down and fire in her eyes. The fish were not hiting well, so left my sport and dodged be hind a stump. The sheep fell on the rocks below and broke her neck. Eor this act I have since been accused of non-protection in the wool traffic. This reminds me of a Commissioner oi Agriculture in old times who pur chased six hydraulic rams for the im provement of American flocks. (Pro longed laughter.) Feather beds aie made from geese, but all woolen goods and drums are made from sheep shins. (Applause.) I take great pride in the horse. "He ie the noblest Roman of them all." (Laughter.) I once led Stephen's horse to water. How proudly he arched his neck and tail. He was so iond of me he tried to embrace me with his front feet. But I was so shy he turned about and playfully knocked my hat off with his heels. (Laughter.) I told Stephens I thought horses looked much better walking on four feet than on two feet. A horse presses hard when your toe is caught under his hoof. I speak not from theory, but from act ual experience. (Laughter). I went riding with Stephen's horse and he Bhied and danced provokingly. "Treat him kindly," said Stephens, "Never beat a horse." By and by Stephens thought he would get out and walk for exercise. "You may let him feel the lash a little now," said Steph ens. "A little discipline now will do him good." (Prolonged laughter.) Here is a composition I wrote on farming when a boy: Farming is healthy work but no man can run a farm and wear his best clothes at the same time. Either the farming must cease while the new clothes continues, or the new clothes must cease while farming continues. This shows that farming is not so clean work as being a Congressman or schoolmaster, for these men can wear good clothes if they can find money to pay for them, (laughter.) Farmers get up early in the morning. They say the early bird catches the worm. If I was a bird, I had rather get up late and eat cherries in place of worms. (Laugh- ter.) Farmers don't paint their wagons whan they can help it, for they show mud too quick. The color oi their boots is red, and don't look like other people's boots, because they are twice as big. (Ap- plause.) Farmers' wives have a hard time cooking for hired men, and the hired men find fault with the farmers' wives' cooking. Why don't farmers' wives let the hired men do the cooking while they do the finding fault. (Great applause.) Farmers don't get as richj as bank presidents, but they get more exercise. (Prolongellaughter.) Some} ask, "Why don't farmers run for Con gross?" They run so much keeping* boys out of their peach orchards and melon patches they don't have any time to run after anything else-. It Congress should run after farmers^ one might be caught now and then.^S Lawyers can beat farmers at running, for most anything. I know a farmer who tried to run a line fence according to his notion. The other man object ed and hurt the farmer. The farmer hired a lawyer to run his line fence,, and now the lawyer runs the farmer's farm and the farmer has stopped run ning anything. Speaking of running reminds me of my calt that ran away to the woods. There were not enough men in the county to catch that calf. We turned the old cow loose into the woods and she caught the calf, prov iug the old saying that it takes a cow to catch a thief. (Laughter.) -i Making- Rogues Talk. A writer in the current Harper's* Magazine give some instances of the remarkable power to makes rogues* talk possessed by Inspector Byrnes of the New York police department: Interviews with the inspector are had by special request. His private office is adorned by photographs and crayon drawings whose subjects are associated with police affairs. Some of the men reporting to him are said to be college bred, and ean pass mus ter in the best society. All are chosen in view of individual aptitude for cer tain kinds of work. The stamp of offi cialism is about the last of which there is any trace. Keeping incognito as much as possible, the chances of prompt detection are multiplied. "Crooks" are now afraid of their shadows great robberies have ceased and minor crime been reduced over eighty per cent. Detectives more or less closely imitate the example of their cheif, whosays: "Every e\ening I make it a point to meet some of these men, in their resorts and learn from thenv the whereabouts of their friends and what they are doing. One crook of consequence generally knows what other good men are doing. In this way I keep posted, and know in what part of the country all the sharp meni are. As experts are liberated from* the state prison, I follow their tracks in this way." For the secret police of European countries, and for the pri vate detectives in this, Inspecter Byrnes entertains undisguised con tempt. Crime, in his opinion, is a fine art, and criminal detection a science. "Set a thief to catch a thiet," is a hoary mendacity. "In the long run the honest officer is a match for the smartest thief." Detective opinion of the morality of American life, private or official, is not of roseate hue. The bribe-taking aldermen of 3 884 have not improved its complexion. Of Henry W. Jaehne, their former vice president, but now in Sing Sing through the inspector's remarkable power of making rogues talk, he is represented in saying: "Jaehne thought I had more proof against him in regard to Mrs. Hamilton's stolen silver than I really did have, and I was careful not to undeceive him. As it was, I knew that he was a rascal, without having proof of the fact, until I had gained his confidence to such an extent that he admitted his guilt as to the bribery." An Old Namo Revamped The term "kettle drum'' as applied to social gatherings is commonly sup posed to be of modern origin, but the New York Journal of Commerce in answer to several inquiries shows that part of it at least is of ancient usage, and that the phrase as a whole has evoluted by gradual processes into its present form and application: The name "drum" given to an even ing party is very old. Fielding, in his "Tom Jones" (1749), describes a drum as "an assemblage of well-dressed per sons of both sexes, most of whom play at cards, and the rest do nothing at all while the mistress of the house performs the part of the landlady at an inn, and like the landlady of an inn, prides herself on the number of her guests,though she doth not always, like her.get anything by it." Francis Coven try, in his "History of Pompey the Little," published in 175i, says that "a drum is now the highest object of female vain-glory, the end whereof is to assemble as large a mob of quality as can possibly be con tained in one house." He traces the name of the rivalry among the differ ent givers of the entertainment to se cure the largest list, for which pur pose they "beat up for volunteers." But a paragraph in the same article unwittingly gives the true key: "The highest call nothing but a crowd a 'Drum,' whereas Dhe lowest often give'' that name to the commonest parties." Here we have the derivation: Dutch drom is "crowd drommel verzame-^. lin is crowd together." And the Sax-^ on drom is the "noise" that proceeds from a ci owd. We pass over a sug gestion in a dictionary of quotations^ that the name applies to close pack ing, and is borrowed from a "drum ofc figs." The word kettle in many Eu ropean communities means a house#? hold, a family, ttie little community!!' that can all be fed, or may drink from* the same kettle. A kettle drum is therefore a familiar crowd, a gather ing at a house without ceremony of as many as the intimates as can be induced to come. Literally, it is a "hilarious crowd ot familiar friends." The euphony of the name-, and its musical associations have in- *& duced many to apply it to any uncere monious gathering of people at a pri4f vate house, on short notice as if- they bad convened at th* tap- of a. drum. /I r% fc |f' i i'.