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MINNESOTA NEWS1 To County Superintendents. State Superintendent Kiehle has jnst is aed to the county nupenntendents of the State a circular in which he gives a sum mary of the important changes effected by recent legislation The following points taken from the extended circular will in dicate its important features. The fact that the legislature did not re enact the law of 1885, which changed the place of distribution from district clerk to the county agency will not effect the ex isting plan of distribution. As the law now btands, requisitions will be made by county superintendents for all books of the state series as they are required by the schools. Common schools are re uired to use the books of the state series to the ex clusion of all other books of the same kind or grade. The county treasurer is prohibited from paying money of the school fund to treas urers of common school districts, except upon the presentation of a certificate by the county superintendent that the school is Ubinsj the books of the state series. I ha\e undertaken to secure a thorough re vision and improvement of the text-book series Some of the books are entirely re newed, others have been added, so that with the completion of the work begun we shall have a series of books that will rea sonably satisfy the demands of good in struction The new price list is now ready. The new practical arithmetic and the new common school geography will be ready for the schools about bept 1. I wish to urge the prompt introduction of the revis ed series, and the sooner the change is made the better. Besides, it is imperative that this chronic dissatisfaction with our text books be removed. The circular then gives the "various points in the law recently enacted relative to temperance hygiene, and states that the comirission appointed to recommend a suitable text book will meet at an early da and will make a selection of one ormore books that may he supplied at the beginning of the next jear The circular continues' Ihe law provides foi the compilation by the superintendent of public instruction and the presidents of the normal schools of a full oatnlogue of books suitable for libraries of different grades of the public schoola, and to make a contract with a publisher to fill orders from this list at tne lowest rates This list will doubtless be ready for use by September next. Apph cations for loans must be sustained by a majority ote of electors Two \ew District Judges. Governor McGill has authorized the an nouncement that he will appoint William Louis Kelly judge of Ramsey county, and Col Henry Hicks judge of Hennepin county These additional judges are pro vided for by special laws passed at the re cent bession of the legislature The S Paul Bar association had endowed H. F. Stevens and strongly urged lus ap pointment for Ramsey county. He is a great favorite among the younger members of the Rarrsey county bar Mr Kelly, the successful candidate, was not publicly en dorsed by anybody, but his friends have not failed to present his qualifications to the governor, who evidently considsred them satisfactory Mr. Kelly is a native of Kentucky, an is fifty years old. Mr Kelly has practiced law since 1870. He came to St Paul in the summer of 1865 Col Hieks was born in New York in 1838, received his education in the common schools of that state and at Girard and Oberlin In 18-55 he removed to Freeport, 111, and in July, 1861, went into the armj. Col. Hicks came to Minneapolis after the olose of the war, and has been more or less prominent In the politics of Hennepin county since his arrival He began the study of law at the close of his term of city justice, was admit ted to the bar in 1875, and is now a mem ber of the law firm of Cro-s Hicks & Carle ton. The bar of Hennepin county were almost unaniMOiibly in favor of Seagrave bmith forjudge. 0 Selvig postmaster, at Willmer resign ed. He has held the position nearly nine years Dr Hoyt, for the past year a resi dent of Mankato, died very suddenly, being stricken down with apoplexy He was a native ot Connecticut. A. Schonweiler of Kelloge, Goodhue county, has been appointed administrator of the estate of the late Henry Etting of Greenfield Judge of Probate Collier hav ing retently decided that the will alleged to have been executed immediately Drior to Etting death is void The value of the estate is 60 000. The total March school apportionment for Mower county just distributed by the county auditor, is 12.653 45 This in cludes s2 276 04 from the state. The city of Austin receives $2,673 50 of this Secretary of State Matteon has been re ceiving letters from various parts of the state making inquiries as to the new law relative to the tilling of vacancies occur ring boards of county commissioners One of the letters received by the secretary was answered by him and the answer given conveys the denned information to those who aie in doubt It is as follows The new law is now force In case of vacan cy the auditor of the county shall at once give notice to the chanman of the respec tive town boards and presiding officers of the village or citv within the district where there is a vacancy. Such chairmen, or a majority ol them, shall assemble at the court house and appoint or elect a person who is a resident of the district to fill the acancy, and he shall hold the of fice until the next general election. The blocade on the Winona & St. Peter Tail road was raised on the 11th on the mam line and all the branches The road is all clear now for the first time in four months. The M. C. A. of St Paul secure a Bite for their new $100,000 building. The Goodhue county giand jury have found an indictment against George Steig er and Mrs Stace both of Belvidere, for adultery. A few weeks ago Henry Etting, an ex tensive property owner, of Kellogg, Waba sha county, died, and it was alleged by some of the heirs that he had made a will giving all his property to his wife. Some of his children were of the opinion that the will was not legitimate, on the ground that undue influences were used to produce its. The latter theory was vindicated when at the hearing had recently. Hon. F. Col lier, judge of probate, held that the alleged will was void, arid thereupon A. Schou weiler, of Kellogg, was appointed adminis trator of the estr'e The property in question is valued at $50,000. The total special and current appropria tions for the state charitable and correc tional institutions made by the late legis lature amounts to $677,890 for 1887 $758,340 for 1888 $711,840 for 1889. This includes the St Peter and Rochester hospitals, the deaf, blind and feeble-mind ed schools, the state pubtic school, the state reform school and the state prison. The appropriations lor these institutions for the year ending July 31, 1885, was $465,870, for 1886, $561,970. The Meade murder trial will probably be called on the 26th at St. Paul. It is the ...only case in the criminal calendar for the term. Gov. Davis, and W. W. Erwin, counsel for the defense, are quite prepared bo meet the issue and there will probably be no delay. ^-~~r*+%?*^ tana r\\ ^JSAVED HIS ENEMY, Diego Gomes, a native of Cuba courted Isabella Morales. Dark, gloomy and taciturn was- he she, young and bright. Girl-likey she co quetted with him as with others, but he felt sure of possessing herheart. To the surprise of all, she eloped with and married the young and almost penni less Adolph Navara. The forsaken lover retired to his es tates, shut himself up in his lonely mansion, and would see no one. Ramond Vasquez, his best friend, the only man who could influence him, visited and pointed out to Gomes the unmanly part which he T\as act ing, the duties he was neglecting, the suffering he was causing those depend ent upon him, and at last won him from his retirement, caused by a dis appointment which could not now be remedied, and he again took up the concerns of business. When told that Isabella Navara had been blessed by the birth of a daughter, "May Heaven smile upon hei'" he said, but the name of the father was never mentioned Then came the insunection of Cuba Adolph Navara became acorn mander of the so-called rebels. Gomes joined the volunteers under the Sr v?" j..*' jsSfc! "Isabeftav you1 4/ but you an ish flag as captain ot a company, and Raymond Vasquez was his lieutenant. His friend was satisfied that Gomes had not ]omed the volunteers so much from regaid to the mother country as from hatred to the man who had won his lady. His hope was now that the chances of war might bring him face to face with his successful rival. At mention of Navara's name his dark eyes would gleam with fiend-like fire. He did his duty well and bravely, his name was held in high repute in Spanish headquarters. Promotion was often offered him, but as often re fused. By day and by night no command er was so eager and relentless in the persistent pursuit and fearful punish ment of rebels as Gomes. He and his men were pitiless, and consented to or took part in cruelties that will uiame the Spanish name while the memory of them exists. But so far be bad not met Navara, and his disappointment was gieat. One day in the aray of the morning, the volunteer camp was entered by a spy, who informed the officers that he had traced a rebel officer to a farm house about a mile distant. The vol unteers, Gomes and Vasquez in com mand, instantly marched to the place, the house was surrounded and search was commenced, fast and furi ous. No opposition was offeied. The of ficers remained outside. Soon the fellow who had given the information emerged from the house bearing in his arms a crying child. After him, with tottering limbs and face blanched with terror, came a lady. "Spare, for the love of the Holy Vir gin, spare my child'" was her piteous prayer. The volunteers threatened to impale it upon their bayonets unless she con fessed where the rebel was hidden. "My child' My child' Do as you will with me, only spare my child'" was her unceasing cry. No question would she answer. The bayonets weie fixed and point ed the infant raised high in the arms of a brawny ruffian, who stood as if ready to hurl it upon the death-deal ing points, still the mother pleaded, yet nothing would she reply to the re peated question, which, answered, would save the life of her child. "I will count nine," quoth a grim sergeant, "and then if you do not lead us to the hiding place of the rebel, your child shall surely die." He began to count slowly. She still pleaded She did not believe that men could perpetrate a deed so cruel. From one face to the other she looked as if to catch some kindly glance with which to endorse her hope^ At last her nye fell upon the visage of Captain Gomes, as with a dark scowl he gazed upon her. Trembling, groaning, well nigh swooning, she sank to theground,feeling thatshecould ex pect neither pity nor mercy from him for the wife and child orAdolph Navar i. Yes, it was Isabella herself that he looked upon his hated rival and all that were precious to bim were at his mercy. Diego Gomes' day of terrible ven geance had come, he had only to re main silent, and retaliationfearful retaliationfor all that he had suffer ed was within his grasp. He returned to Lieutenant Vasquez. "You must command here," he said, in a husky voice, "but save the child and spare the mother." "Put down the child," he command ed the soldier,then turned and walked away. The lady clasped the little one to her breast, and looked, with tearless, starting eyes, after the captain, as if doubtful yet of his kindness. Immov able she stood, till, seeing the soldiers firing the frame house at its four cor ners, she fell and writhed upon the ground. When she saw the flames spring up and saw the dry timbers crackle, she leaped to her feet, and 'walked firmly to where Diego Gomes stood. "Senor Gomes," she said, "you were once my friend. A thoughtless girl, I wronged you but you are a man, and Ia poor distracted woman. My husband lies within that bouse, sick, wounded, helpless. Must he die in the flames? You are his enemy at home and in the field but, oh, you can save him. Will you not? Oh, if you have one drop of hnmankindness in the blood of your veins, save my husband, the father of my child. I love him!" The devil tugged hard at the heart of Diego Gomes ate he stood watching the flames that would soon work out his spite. The devil bade him not to stir lip nor hand but he glanced at the pale agonised face of the mother, and the cry of the little child fell upon I his ears. could not love-me, shallanot 1 hate me,bloodsho. he said Sh stared him with eyes, scarce understanding what he meant. The house-was burning fierce* ly the flames well-nigh enveloped it in their sinuous folds. "ILieutenant," he called'to Vasquez, "withdraw your men hasten them away. I will deliver the traitor to you without fail." Vasquez thought b& knew the Cap tain's meaning, and, pleased to be re lieved from such duty, he called the soldiers- together, and making them be lieve the rebel had escaped, he led them away in full chase. "Where is your?" Gomes could not say "husband." Isabella was silent. She was forced to answer him, for she had heard his words. He pointed to the burning house, saying, "Trust me." She told him what he required to know, and he rushed into the blazing building. In spite of flame and smoke which burned and blinded him he made his way to the hiding place of the rebel chief and, lifting his insensible enemy into his arms, he bore him from the fiery death and laid him down where Isabella, upon her knees, was -praying the Virgin to shield and aid her love and her friend. He laid him upon the ground beside her, and for the first time tears gushed from her eyes as she kissed the lips of her almost lifeless husband andupon her bosom laid his head. Then she looked up at Gomes, her friend, but she could not say one word. She saw that the hair was nearly burned off his head and that his hands and face were all in blisters. She ran to the well and sot water, and tearing her diess, she Dound the Captain's hands the cool wetted strips. Then bathed her husband's head and face, and moaned and prayed over him, while the little child rested' on his breast. Gomes brought his horse and took them to a house some three miles off. He was obliged to hold Navara in the saddle all the way, but no word pass ed between them. He saw them safely housed and wa3 going away. Isabella lifted up her little daughter and bade her kiss him. The child willingly put her tiny arms about his neck and pressed her pure lips to his own, and the stern, strong man trembled to his feet. Isabella stooped down, with the bright tears falling from her eyes, and kissed his blistered hands. "May the blessed Virgin bless and leward you'" was all she could say. He went and looked at Navara where he lay, helpless and almost m sens'ble, but beginning to breathe nat urally. "He will live," said Gomes, and you will be happy. Think sometimes of me. I shall pay dearly for what I have done, but I am content. Goodbye'" He was gone. She little knew how dearly he would pay for this act. He repaired to the camp, found the company and the lieutenant. To him he said quietly "I promised to deliv you the traitor. I am here. Here is my sword." Then the lieutenant un derstood all. "I know what you havedoneI can see it in youi face. You are a noble gentleman. Never was I so happy to call a man fiiend and brother. Take back your sword I can keep a se cret. "No," answered Gomes, "that would involve you also." He went direct to headquarters. H&was there most gra ciously received. The trusty, brave and relentless Captain Diego Gomes was in high favor with the Captain General. "What is your penalty for an offi cer of your command who aids a rebel to escape?" he asked that officer. "Death'" cried the Captain-General loudly and fiercely. Gomes went out. Three days after they found him, stark and cold, his own dagger buried in his breast, lying on the spot where Isabella had sued and obtained his mercy fo" her husband. He had delivered the traitor to death.A. D. Bailey, in Chicago Inter Ocean. A\. Good Penworaan. The most accomplished penwo man or penman among the 15,000 or more government clerks at Washing ton is Mrs. Helen M. Avery of the in terior department. The New York Herald says of Mrs. Avery: She writes all the commissions, pro motions and dismissals for the de partment. Her chirography is a model of uniformity and ^clearness. It is doubtful if her superior exists even among the professional teachers of writing. The president is a great admirer of Mrs. Avery's penmanship and frequently refers to it in compli mentary terms when it comes, as it often does, under his observance. Mrs. Avery is also a clever pen-and ink artist. A head of Tasso drawn by her a few years ago is said by con noisseurs to be equal to the finest steel engraving. She does her work rapidly and apparently without effort. Her duties occupy about two hours daily. The rest of- the t'rne she employs as she chooses. Her position in the de partment is suppobed to be as near an approach to a life tenure as the m6st successful govornment employe can hope to obtain. Her salary is $1,600 per annum. ~i Washington Post: There is a strong and healthy moral to be drawn from the example of Hercules Kittson, the millionaire's son, who fell among thieves and prostitutes, and woke up from a drunken debauch to find that he had married one. That is, that nothing but self-reliance and hard work will savesueh gildedyouths from ruin. "Turn 'em out! tum 'em out!" shouted Commodore Vanderbilt to "Bill" concerning hisgrandsons, '*turn 'em out! Don't set 'em up in business! Make 'em dig! Make 'em dig! If they can't earn, their own living they're no good!" The grandsons were compelled to support themselves from the time they were eighteen, and now Cornelius and William- K. are rich, business-like hard-working, self-respecting citttene. J**Z am)ibalism I Hayti. St. EouissGlobe-Dfcmocnvtr.- U. Bi Powter a resident of Kingston on the island of Jamaica, is at the Laclede Hotel. He is- the manager of a company which is engaged in min ing phosphate on the Grand Cayman's Islandtnear Jamacia. Upon the pres ent commercial and' social condition of Jamacia and the whole group of the West Indian Islands Mr. Powter talks discouragingly. "The islands and their inhabitants are retrograding rapidly," said he recently. "They are exporting less and less every year and the natives are departing, more and more from civilization. The reason I believe to be the abolition of slavery in 3 824. The effects- of(that step were not felt by the white planters until the old slaves began to die, and the new generation had to be depended upon for labor. They would not work not having been bred to industrious habits, and each old slave that died was so much loss to the quantity of labor to be obtained. Some of the planters resorted to the expedient of importing coolie labor and did very well, but a large number of owners did not do this, and estates on the island, went to rum fast. As time passed on it became more and more difficult to obtain laborers, and the evil effects of this unusual idleness was seen in yearly increasing imports. The negroes need, not woik to get food and a house-these can be had for nothingand the only reason why they work at all is that they may earn enough money to dress in expensive and gaudily colored clothes. That is the only use they have for money. If slavery had not been abolished, or if it could be re es tablished, the island would flourish. "What of the reports that the prac tice of cannibalism has been revived in Hayti?" "In the main they are true. Hayti, of all the West Indies, is the most marked example of the decay of the islands. When the French left it in 1772 they left a superficially, at least, religious people, with churches, facto ries, and roads. Now there is not a church or a factory on the island, and but one road, while the Catholic religion has been abandoned for the Obi or fetish worship, and cannibalism has again sprung up. The island is a black republic, and no whites are allowed to own property. In fact, the only whites on the is1 and are a few European traders, who con duct the financial affairs of the govern ment and lend it money. The island is not communicated with by the peo ple of the other islands, and the ne groes are left to devour one another as fast as they please. Their human flesh-eating is not that of the past century. They do not eat the flesh of the persons who have died, and having nobody to war with they can take no prisoners to cook and eat. They eat the flesh of children, taken when young, penned, ahd fattened for the feast. Sometimes they steal crul dren from the neighboring "islands and fatten them for their tables. They are drifting back into complete barba rism, and there is no inclination on the part of the other islanders to in terfere with theur gradual extinction. -^s The Little Children That are Gone. From the Chicago Advance. Why do they come, these little ones that enter our homes by the gateway of suffering, and that linger with us a few months utteruig no word, smiling in a mysterious silence, yet speaking eloquently all the time of the purity and sweetness of heaven? Why must they open the tenderest fountains of our nature only to leave them so soon choked with the bitter tears of loss? It is impossible wholly to answer such questions of the tortured heart, but one can say, in general, that these lit tle temporary wanderers from a celestial home come and go because of the great love of God. It is an inesti mable blessing to have been the parent of a child that has the stamp of heav en upon its brow, to hold it one's arms, to minister to it, to gaze fondly down into the little upturned face ana to rejoice in the unsullied beauty of its smiles, and thento give it back to God at his call, with the thought that in heaven, as upon earth, it is still our own child, a member of the house hold still, to be counted always as one of the children whom God hath given us. Such a love chastens and sanctifies the hearts of the father and motner, carries them out beyond time and sense,and gives them a hold upon the unseen. As things of great value always cost, it is worth all the sorrow to have known this holy affection and to have this treasure in heaven.'' Not the Same. From Drake's Travelers' Magazine. The children whom the Tribune fresh-air funds sends to the country are less noted for their good manners than f^r their well developed faculty of ob servation. A lady in the western part of New York statethe wife of a minister entertained a youngster from the fourth ward during his stay in the country. One evening, after the "fresb-air" boy had been vmM her about a week, the lady invited a number of people to tea. The guesta had seated themselves at the table, and the blessing had been asked, when the member from the fourth ward picked up his shining sil ver tea knife, eyed it keenly and re marked: "We ain't never had dese knives.on before." s*,^*-' j|f "Hush, James," said the hostess, blushing slightly. "Hush, me eyes!" retorted James "you can't play no snide racket on me"then, glancing around the table 'You got dese silver knives on jis be cause dese udder blokes iaheie to sow per!" The mortified hostess was obliged to admit the truth of tbe statement, and the fourth warder ate his mtal in digusted sfenbe. Gen. Sheridan Outwitted. A very amusing story about Gei Sheridan has just been told me that is well worth reproducing. It seems that some artist about three or four years ago painted a portrait of Gen. Sheridan that proved a dismal fail* ure, but nevertheless was hung in the General's private office and there continued to hang until it became so familiar as to cease to cause com ment. Finally after the portrait had been hanging there for two or three years, a request came from a G. A. R. post in Ohio for a picture of the hero of Winchester with which to adorn the walls of their rooms. The Gener al was meditating as to how he could fill this request, when his eye lit upon the caricature of himself that hung upon the wall. "The very thing!" sprang into his mind, and as it is well known with him to think is to act, he straightway tapped his bell and bade his orderly take down the picture and box it ready for shipment. That night at dinner he informed Mrs. Sheridan of the request from the Ohio post and the manner in which he intended com plying with it. "Oh, Phmp," said Mrs. Sheridan, "not that horrible thing that has been hanging on your wall for the past year or so?" "The very same," responded the General. "But, Phiiip, if you send this picture out it will be placed prominently on the wall and labelled as a present from you, and that awful daub will go down to posterity a? a likeness of yourself and some future day will turn up, to the unspeakable horror of your children and friends, as a perfect likeness of how you looked when in your prime." Then followed a stormy scene, Mrs. Sheridan arguing that the picture should not be sent, and the General taking the side that he must, in some way, comply with the request, and, as he had nothing else to send, this pict ure should go. The argument wax ed hotter and hotter, until finally Gen. Sheridan got up and marched to the door, and having reached that strategic point, turned and said "Mrs. Sheridan that picture shall go. Now let neither of us ever men tion its existence again." Having said this he left the room before Mis. Sheridan had time to say a word in reply. But he little knew his wife's pluck for early next mornmg.before any one was up, she went down to his office and surprised the orderly in the very act of boxing the picture. "Is there any paint or varnish here that will stick and not wash off'" she sweetly asked. "Yes, madame," answered the un suspecting soldier. "Bring it to me, please," said Mrs. Sheridan. The orderly fetched some black paint from the outer office and gave it to Mrs. Sheridan. Then she, deliber ately turning the unlucky pamt'ng over upon its back, brushed every re semblance of a picture from off the canvas, only leaving a dim vista of black paint. "Oh, do stay here until the general comes," was all the wretched orderly could gasp as he saw this surprising proceeding. But he had no need of this request, for hardly were the words out of his mouth before Sheridan's light step was heard in the outer office, and in an instant his stout figure darkened the door. His quick eye in a second took in the state of affairs, and turn ing red in the face, he said: "Mrs. Sheridan, what does this pro" "Stop, Philip," said she "last night you made the request that neither of us should ever mention this again," pointing to what remained of the picture. "Do not you be the first to break this request," and without an other word she swept out of theoffice, leaving Little Phil absolutely rooted to the floor. It is, perhaps, needless to tell that that picture has been a dead letter in the Sheridan household from that day to this, and bids fair to remain so. Pittsburg Times. Curious Epitaphs. There is no end to epitaph stories, and two capital ones are told in the Editor's Drawer of Harper's for March: On a recent trip through Tasmania, writes a correspondent, our traveling party happened to visit the graveyard at Lancaston, and among the vari ous epitaphs discovered the following on a slate-stone slab Beneath this rustfc pilB-of stones Lie the remains of Mary Jones. Her name was Lloyd it wan not Jones But Jones was pnt to rhyme with stones* This was considered fairly good, but on our return our host capped it. In the early days of the colony a rich merchant's wife died. Anxious- to provide her a suitable monument, the bereaved husband sent far and wide for a stone-cutter, and by rare good luck found one capable of read ing. The inscription was to begin with the verse, "A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband." The first five words went on one line, leaving room, for two more letters. "Crown* could not be divided, but there was another resource. To the stone-cutter a crown. was "five-bob," so he promptly in-, serted tbe symbol 5, and the difficulty was surmounted. Dr. N* B. Richardson considers the most deleterious effect of the "night cup" is the extra work it gives the heart. He says: "When I lie down at night without anj alcohol, "that is the rest my heart gets. But when you take your wine or grog you do not allow that rest, lor the influ ence of alcohol is to increase the number of strokes, and instead ol getting thia rest, you pnt on some thing Hke 15,000 extra strokes, and the result is you rise up very unfit for the nest day work until you have taken, a little more of the 'ruby bump A BIG GUN, A Description of a Brl&afc'Thmdsrer.- An Armstrong gun weighing onehunV dred and ten pounds has recently bees made at the Elswick Works, in Eng land, for a new British ship-of-wa* Bowman. As we aregoiu into the gun business in this country, the fol lowing account of this English mon ster will be interesting: "In length it is 524 inches-, or nearly 44 feet. The inner tube is of solid steel throughout, strengthened by jackets of comparatively thin steel hoops. The breech arrangement is by a solid steel plug, which is-pushed in to position and there secured by a divided screw working into the jacketing which is prolonged to the rear beyond the gun-tube The length of the bore is 487 1-2 inches or 30 calibers and the rifling, which con sists of a multitude ot small shallow grooves, extends for 307.2 inches or about 33 feet. The diameter of the bore is 16 1-4 inches. The diameter of the powder chamber is a trifle over 21 inches, and its capacity 28,610 cu bic inches. The twist ot the rifling commences with one in? 120 calibers, and increases to one in 56 calibers. The ?un is mounted on a fine cast steel truck, and this runs on six pairs ot wheels." The following account of experiments with this gun is given "The first round was fired with 600 pounds of Westphalian powder, of the class technicaFy known as 'prismatic No. 1 Brown"' and cylindrical projectile weighing 1,800 pounds. The velocity attained was 1,685 feet per second, giving an energy to the pro jectile of about 35,240 foot tons for the penetration of armor. The sec ond round was with a shot of like weight and 700 pounds of the same powder, being tne largest charge as yet fired in England. The velocity attained was 1,843 feet per second, the energy acquired being about 43,- 100 foot tons. "The third round was with a simi lar projectile of 1,800 ppunds and a powder charge of 800 ^pounds. The velocity attained was 2-,007 feet per second, and the energy rose to some 50,000 toot tons. The pressures ol the gases within the chamber of the gun at the time oi the powder dis charge were nine tons with the 600 pound charge, twelve tons with 700 pounds and fifteen tons with the 800 pound charges. The recoil of the gun in the last round was controlled by the hydraulic buffers within four feet six inches. The projectiles are fitted with copper rings as gas checks. The inner tube of tbe gun was in perfect condition at the termination of the day's firing. It is expected when the next date of proof firing is determined, that powder charges of 850 pounds, 900 pounds, 925 pounds and 950 pounds will be used, with projectiles of 1,800 pounds weight. In the latter case an energy on the projectile of 62,- 700 loot tons may be expected to be developed, capable of penetrating ar mor of more than three feet of thick- ness." Charitable Bed Tape There seems to be such a thing as too much charity, at least of the or ganized kind, in New York, and a writ er from that city suggests that "it might not be a bad idea if we had a Podsnap society to take the place ol our corporate charitable societies, formed on the plan whichDickens' Mr. Podsnap adopted with success, fox waving all troublesome matters of hu manity behind us and refusing to look at them. Here an agent ol the char ity organization has been arrested for extorting $25 from the sick husband of a poor woman who went on the streets with an orguinette ta.raise money for her large family. The same society was compelled to return .a child that it had taken from its parents and sent away to the country as a condition antecedent to giving help. I have known of people nearly perishing from cold and starva tion before these salaried red tape benefactois could investigate their case and find out whether they were deserving.' Heaven save the mark! Where would the managers of and subscribers to these charities be if their 'deserts' were rigidly meted out to them? The charity organization society is but the type of many others whose membership wear broadcloth and brocade, and pass resolutions to the effect that the poverty which is brought on helpless.women and chil dren by the drunkenness, vice or crime of their male protectors is deserved, and therefore is.not to be assisted. Yet even such eminent preachers as Dr. Hall warn the people not to give to the poor except through such un- sympatJoic andt narshi channels as. this." Defying* French Magistrates.. An extraordinary incident occurred'} lately at the Eouen court of appeal. Three men who had been sentenced at Havre to various terms of imprison ment appealed to the Rouen court. They were brought in together, and, on the first prisoner being asked the question. "Havediyouoappealed'f" replied- 'AYes, is.-) -4. ft he I to see i the Rouen judges are as great rascals as those of Havrev** This piece of impru dence produced a great seasation, and the man was forthwith condemn ed to oae year's imprisonment tor insulting the magistrates^ What was the general surprise when, the second prisoner, on bfling askedt the same question, returned an idea-, tical reply. This time tbe judges, dealt out double penalty-,, and he was. sent off with two years' imprisonment^ to Ills hook. No one d*amt that tba third man would dar to lace th eourt. in this insolent fashion after tha punishment to which* his two company tons had been treafcedv and a thr&l of amassment ran through the audiene* when, in answer tei the formal query. "Have yon appealed?" he returned the same reply: Ye*, I did so to see if tbe Rouen jtyfcgw areas great rascals as those of Havre." The court sen* tenced this wan to three years im prisonment* Snch mi incident must bealn* without*prudent in the, iMnaMoi justice..