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VOLUME XIV. NO. 61.
EDITED AND PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY —BY— F- *W Jolixison. OFFICE OVER CITY DRUG STORE. TERMS $1.50 per year in advance. T)R. A. MARDEN, i. RESIDENT DENTIST. Office, Corner Minnesota and 1st N. Street. NEW ULM, JOS. A ECKSTEIN, 1 I N N Teeth extracted without pain by the use of vitalized air or nitrous oxide gas. jyR. L. A. FRITSCHE. PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. Female Diseases a Specialty. Office in W. Boesch's New Brick Block NowUlm. NEW ULM, D* L. G. BELL, T)R. A. KOEHNm in £)R. STRICKLER, PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. Office in G. Doehne's new brick block. NEW ULM, MINN. Telephone Connections. j)R. J. L. SCHOCH PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. Calls promptly attended to night or day. Office over Pioneer Drug Store. NEW ULM, MINN. T)R. C. HLRSCH. PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. Office over Olsen's Drugstore. When in town, can be found at office at all hours. MINN Resident Dentist. Office in the Meridian Block NEW ULM, MINN. Teeth extraoted without pain by the latest approved methods. Veterinary Surgeon. Having treated sick animals for years I. can conscientiously recommend my self to all who need the seivices or a competent Veterinary. Orders may be left at the Pioneer Drug Store. NEW ULM, MINN Sttotfuey & dour^elof Tiiles examined and perfected. Particular attention given to col lections. •_ ItjV-Oface over Brown Co. Hanx..*fjf NEW ULM, MINN. JOHN L1RD. C-A HABBKBO LIND & HAGBERG, attorneys andCounselors atLaw, Attend to Suits in all the State and U. S. Courts. Special Attention Paid to Collection* GERMAN AND SCANDINAVIAN LAN GUAGES SPOKEN. NEW ULM. MINN. ]?RANCIS BAASEN, Sttofr\ey a*\& CJour\c"ilof Also Notary Public and Justice of the 1 Peace. Collections promptly attended 'i. to, NEW ULM, MINN. S TtfrnTPFANDERTthenvariouts REAL ESTATE AND INSURANCE AGENT. MULLEN BLOCK, NEW ULM, MINN. Fire, Tornado, Hail, Life, Accident, Plate Glass & Live Stock Insurance placed in first class Companies. '•$ E,e8Ll Estate ^'BOUGHT AND SOLD Loans negotiated on farm property. Passage Tickets sold on best Steamship Lines to and from Europe. DOCUMENTS OF ALL KINDS EXECUTED & ACKNOWLEDGED. SIn TATE OF MINNESOTA,County of Brown J-ss, Probate Court, Special Term December 4th ^1891 In'the matter of the estate of Henry A. Wx, de On heading and filing the petition of George PAnrpsentinc among other things, that Henry A Sux late o7 the town of Oregon Ogle County, Ilh. wZia «rthe 2nd dav of September A. D. 1867, at saidtown of Oregon, Ogle County, Illinois, died S a and being a resident of said Ogle County, in1 at the time of his death, leaving goods, chattels and estate within Brown Connty.and that ??»«.$ netitioner is son of said deceased, and nrayfngtC administration of said estate be to Kochot-NewUlm, Minn.,granted: ~~.\arDd that said petition be heard, this Court, on Thursday ot December A. D. 1891, at 10 «Voi«Pk A at the Probate Office in said county. ind it Is furtherordered, that notice thereof be ^vento the heirs of said deceased and to-all finoa? interested, by^ publishing a copy of ItLs ordered, by the Judge oof the 31s day fFw« order once in each week for three suc 'Sssive weeks Prior to said day of hearing in the 'New Ulm Review, a weekly newspaper,prlni«4 ?.*• .»MI.1IMI at the city of New Ulm in said and published at the city kCDated'at*ewUlm,Minn., iberA.D. 1891. ,vtL.S.) the4th dayofDecem- By the Court,' 'O N S BRANDT '. Judge ofProbate. TE0U SHALT NOT KILL." Hon. G. E. Davis of St. PeterPurnislies the Review with a Brilliant Article Anent the Death Penalty. There is a Growing Sentiment, he says, in Pavor of its Abolition. "Thou Shalt not Kill," proclaimed from Sinai, applies alike to all. Barbarism in law promotes barbarism in those snbiect,to the law. Editor Review: Recent executions within this slate have apparently 'pro voked discussion in many localities as to the merits of capital punishment,'and it is gratifying to notice the growing sentiment in favor of its abolition. It is proverbial that reforms are of slow growth, and usually require long, well directed and incessant effort to accom plished the desired result, and society often hesitates to pratically enforce views entertained,until years after posi tive conviction. In this respect oon servatism may be considered as the en emy of progress-, it seldom object^ to results, but invariably prbtests against the necessary action to achieve them. Governments by their laws having so long sanctioned the execution of crimi nals, it is hard to eradicate the ideas bhus inculcated, and, man being a crea ture of habit, is liable to become less mindful of the sacredness of human life when he sees it held so lightly by the law of the land, A reasonable deduc tion from our present penal code is,that the fabric of society can only Y»be pre served by destroying part of its mem bers who commit a certain crime. To admit this conclusion would, it seems to me, lead to another, viz That bytj^ffix ing the death penalty to more climes wenld enhance civilization and the more effectually proteet society.? To thus conclude would be to falsify ibis tory, and maintain that a greater pro tection ©xtBted daring the reign ©f Henry Till, than we BOW enjoy, foe during such reign seventy-two thousand, persons"- wwe~ ©*ewrtetr**••for* VSFTOTJ(P crimes, and under the protection and guidance of Queen Elizabeth nineteen thousand were devoured by^the fallow*. One hundred and fifty offenses were during those delightful(P) times treat* •d as capital, where- now only one re mains. The comparison is odious. It is claimed by many that the state exe cutes criminals in self defense. Can this be so after he is securely shackled and behind the bars? For such he must be before his execution can take place and certainly there can be no repetition by this offender as long as the jailor remains true to duty. Charles Sumner says, "f hat the right to take human life stands only on the ground of self de fense, in the state as in the individual, and if either can defend without it,they are bound to do so and no combination of men can have greater rights in this respect than the individual and no matter what the exigencies of other days the time has gone by when the life of a state can only be saved by hanging the criminals." Society is pro tected from the most dangerous maniac by confinement this may be called self defense. If purely on this ground, (self defense) why make so great a distinc tion between the dangerous maniac and the murderer, for both are dangerous. Ca it be that revenge has any place in treatment? And who will admit tha in this age laws exist which tolerate revenge? To permit vengeance tojenter into our system of punishment is to reduce us to the level of the offen der. The Mosaic code embraces thirty three offenses punishable with death and yet the greatest law giver swept them all into oblivion when he said, "Resist not evil", and all his other teachings and commands concur there with. There is no right in reason or warrant from religion to take the life of a fellow being. God did not demard the blood of Cain as an expiation but de clared that "Whosoever slew Cain, His vengeance (not ours) should be taken on him seven old.'' Thou shalt not kill proclaimed from Sinai, applies to all,Does citizen and ruler alike. But when the State,under the plea of necessity, breaks this commandment and calls it virtuous so to do, how can the individual be con demned for similar conduct?The\wrongs of government permeate every vein of the individual and society. Like be gets like, and the people become like the government. Cruel punishments by parents usually are reproduced by .children when they become parents. When society treats human life as a thing to be lightly taken,poople become familiar with its little value. You can not illustrate the sacredness ot human life by killing tbe criminal, any more than you can demonstrate the value of property by burning everything com bustible. To quote from John Bright, "Barbarism in law promotes barbarism in those subject to the law, and if the law regards life as inviolable, the peo ple would also so regard it." The re- suits of capital punishmeut are irreme diable, and the innocence of the victim counts lor naught. The fallible tribun al that pronounces such judgment fre quently bases its conclusion upon the most unreliable and perjured testimony often emanating from witnesses seeking revenge, and not infrequently from the actual criminal, to shield himself. So long as man Is liable to err in judg ment, would it not be far bettar to re serve the right of collecting possible mistakes? The community is shocked whenever an innocent person is execut ed, and none can be found who will ad mit that they are to blame yet to a cer tain extent all are to blanie In a greater or less degree, and all must he respon sible until the laws are so changed as to prevent a recurrence. All laws teach that motive and intent are the. essential elements of crime hence sanity must not be wanting in the perpetrator in or der to properly punish him. Every jury -must of necessity pass judgment upon the mental condition of the accused,and determine where sanity ends and insan ity begins. The workings of the human brain4 that complex organism which even the most scientific cannot always fathom, the disord9r of which frequent ly produces crime, must be analyzed by a jury of unscientific men,'Sand their judgment in most cases is final. There, fore,who will deny that often irremedi able punishments are meted out to those .already afflicted with the awful malady of insanity. A popular fallacy exists $hat the death penalty is absolutely es sential to deter the criminally inclined from committing murder, and that without this menaee society would be unprotected. Waile admitting its de terrent wee, yet I feel eeaident that life imprisonment persistently enforced woukLbe equally effective, if not mere so. The sure end striot enforcement of law wittrthir milder iera of posefe* fatfrmfsmvMnrayvatoahtan^ ment would strike greater terror to the vicious than tbe present uncertainty. The aversion of courts and. juries to convict where irremediable punishment follows often shield the geUtV, nut with a law which permit* the eerreetfag ot SAistakes, greater certainty of eeavie tiens would follow. Death is the eem men lot of all, and the menaee thereof far in the future inspires no particular dread. In* murderer thinks not of his own life at the time he oommita-.lhe crime, and only fears death (if at ill) when it is absolutely impending. Again a large percentage of the murderous class place little or no value upon their own lives, and often regard death as a Messing owing to ',he fact that their previous life had been largely made up of unhappiness. The great excess of suicides over homicides proves the state ment that life is often a burden. To de ter the vicious and desperate is the chief aim of tbe law hence the idea of legislating men of this class out of ex istence to end their enjoyment is some what fallacious.- The value of any threatened penalty depends largely up on the uniformity of its enforcement and the repugnance of those whose duty it is to enforce the death penalty is often the avenue through which the guilty escape. ^. large portion of hu manity being so averse to this penalty, they will seek many means to avert it, and frequently besiege the Chief Exe cutive for clemoncy, and often with suc cess. By the commission of crime man forfeits his civil rights, and this forfei ture giyes society its right over him. Restraint should then follow for the purpose of protecting soe ety, and if possible reform the offender. Many in stances might be cited showing that the gallows instead of suppressing crime incites the commission of it, aud hence modern civilization and legislative bod ies have concluded that this exhibition of executing the criminal should not take place in public, owing to the ex citing and bad effect upon the depraved. not the state in sanctioning secret executions thereby confess their perni cious efiect upon the multitude? If not so, then at once repeal all laws which limit the number of spectators,and her ald the event far and wide, bidding the populace draw nigh and witness this spectacle, for its moral and deterrent effects. Punishment for crime ought to be three fold in its nature: First, tbe leformation of the criminal Second for protection of society, and Third, re straint|upon the criminally inclinedAnd the best anthority asserts, that the death penalty fails in accomplishing either,for it destroys without reforming the criminal, and history proves that NEW ULM, O W N COUNTY, MINN., WEDNESDAY, December 23, 1891. W'HOLE NUMBER 728 in secuMng protection to society, or in destroying crime, its failure is marked and consDicuous. All penalties should contemplate the reformation of themany criminal, as well as punishment, and failing in this, are but cruelties. It is often asserted that the deliberate mur derer is uotfitto live, and should be re moved. If this be true, will those who venture thus to speak assert that he is fit to die, C.R.Davis. MR. LIND TO BE HEARD FROM. The Minnesota Member will be in a Posi teonto make Himself Useful in the Present Congress. The Sunday papers were full of inter esting congressional news from Wash ington, and among the names most prominently mentioned was that of Mr. Lind of our own Second District. The cyclone of last fall robbed the house of many of its leading Republican members and so Mr. Lind finds himself easily at che forefront of the majority. He will therefore seeure a place on some of the mest important committees of the house, where his ability and ex perience will enable him to do telling work. With the delegation of his own state too, all members of which are new, he will be a great help,and his acquain tance and knowledge of congressional legislation will giVfe him an opportunity to get through matters for the state which even a man in the majority can pot always accomplish. One of the committees to which he will most likely be assigned is that on commerce. The powers of this body have been enlarged so that now it is one of the most important under the control of the speaker. Mr. Lind was one of its most active members in the last congress,and as there was only one other Republican member re-elected, his prospects for oontinning on the oommittee are very good. Beth interstate and foreign commerce are now under its supervis ion, and the geoond district representa tion has given each sufficient study Mills is being spoken of as chairman of the oommittee. BLIy8 SIMPLE VERSION. Eli Perkins has a very simple and clear method of stating his ideas, and he has lately added a contribution to tariff literature, which, while applying to but one article, can be easily made use of in illustrating the effects of simi lar tarift* legislation. The story will be found very interesting by those who saw tit last fall to ridicule the "acorn," "straw" and other features of: the Mo Kinley bill. The story is as follows: I want to tell our little children a story abont chicory. I suppose you don't know what chicory is. Well it is a vegetable like a parsnip which tbe French and Germans are raising, dry. ing, browning, grinding and using in stead of coffee. We have been sending out about $8,000,000 to Germany every year^for this little article. It tastes like coffee, is good wholesome food, but it has no nerve stimulant like coffee. Children can drink cbicory as they can milk. To get to tbe story: When they were putting the tariff on different things last year and got down to "C" they came righton to chicory. "What's chicory? asked Major Mc Kinley. No one was able to tell anything about it except that we paid Europe $8,000,000every yearfor what was used. "Well, what shall we do with it?" asked several Congressmen. "Why, if we can't raise it," said Mc Kinley, and the people want it,we will let raw chicory come in* free.ibut we will put a Protective Tariff on manufac tured chicory.. We will try and bring the manufactories to America if we can't raise the stuff." So theTariff went on to manufactured chicory. Suddenly I noticed a great stir among the chicory importers. "Why this Mc Kinley bill has raised the Dickens,'', they said, "We can11 import] ground chicory any more from France and Ger many. We must make it here." So they wrote and telegraphed the foreign chicory manufacturers that they must hurry up and bring their chicory factories over here. And- sure enough there was stampede from Europe, and chicory factories began to go up in Jersey City, Hoboken, Williamsburg, Newark and Brooklyn!* Then Philadel phia and Detroit started chicory facto ries till we had. 14 factories and 900 chicory makers at work in America. They got their raw chicory from France and Germany where it is grown with "We are toofar away, We must raise our own chicory." So they got chicory seeds from Ger and put in a small crop in Michi last spring. The farmers made more money than they made out of whaat. It set them crazy. Everyone wanted to raise more of it. Well, this fall the Detroit factory is doubling its capacity and all the farmers are getting seed through the factory and Jerry Rnsk and preparing to plant chicory next year. What is the result? Why after paying out to France and Germany over $70 000,000 for chieory we are finally going to make it here, at home,' and save our money-'*keep it in this country. The history of this industry and how we got it is like that of a dozen other industries which have come throngh this wise Tariff measnre. Last spring I visited Baron Babant's 4000-acre chicory farm in Whitewood, Manitoba, on the Canadian Pacific. He proposes to supply all Canada with chicory and send his surplus raw chico ry over to be manufactured in theUnited States without paying any duty, His fall crop is now coming to be manufac tured. It is funny about tbe price of chicory too. It used to sell for 12 cents per pound wholesale. Competition brought it down to 10 cents, then to 8 cents, then to 4 cents, and now it is offered whol sale at B)4 cents. Our retail grocers are keeping thenews from the people and still selling chicory at 12 cts.per pound, when they conld Bell it at 5 cents, Byand by, if we get a Tariff on raw chicory, every farmer can raise a sub stitute which 'will improve his coffee. One-half chicory giyes a delightful flavor to coffee. Good coffee costs 80 cents a pound. It is one of the burdens of our farmers and mechanics to buy it, for wo all drink coffee. Bat soon chicory will be one of our orops. and 98,000,000 will be saved to our country every year. MILLS FMELS SORE. That was a very interesing as well as amusing answer that Mr.Mills returned to SpeokarCrisp-when-offered a second place on the Ways and Means commit tee of the House. Mr. Mills had by tbe grace of a former congress been per mitted to held first place en tbe same oommittee and this fact came in very hand in politely informing Mr. Crisp that he wnrin the habit of taking ealy the best that the Speaker eeuld afford. This short but pointed reply leaves the speaker in a very peculiar position. The place which Mills wants has no .doubt beeshpromised to Springer, aud not for any particular fitnoss that Illi nois man may possess over Mills or be cause he is a Northern man, but simply to pay oft a debt to which he owes his present power. Mills, knowing this, is determined to sulk, and, unless he gets what he wants we may expect to find the Democratic majority, or rather the ruling faction, in the house in some very sorrowful straits before the session is over. With Mills holding baok on one side, the Cleveland men all dis gruntled and Tom Reed and the Re publican minority tripping them up at every chance, that overwhelming ma jority will not have have the easy sail ing that it looked for. Legislation as a result will make very slow progress. At the meeting of the Republican Central Commitee in St. Paul last week, the following congressional committee for this district was appointed- A. Blanohard, New Ulm, Brow11 county, chairmain C. L. Bendiet, Man kato, Blue Earth R. H. Jefferson, Windom, Cottonwood J. H. Sprout, Blue Earth City, Faribault H.A. Funk, Lakeville, Jackson J. F. Jacobson, Madison.Lac qui Parle John McKenzie, Lake Benton, Lincoln P. S. Brown, Tracy, Lyon John Peterson, St Peter, Nicollet J. R. Jone3, Worthington, Nobles J. W. Miricle, Fairmont, Mar tin B.R. Whitney, Slayton, Murray F. L. James, Pipestone City, Pipestone John Kelly, Luverne, Kock J. W. Se gur, St. James, Watonwan John Swen son,Canby, Yellow Medicince Dr. W. D. Flinn, Redwood Falls. .»."- Minnesota fared exceedingly well in the arrangement of senate committees for the present term of congress. The senior member, Mr. Davis, is made chairman of the pension committee and is also given a place on the committees on|fpreign relations, military affairs, ter ritories, and the president's message transmitting report of the Pacific Rail-' way Commission. Washburn, the jun ior representative, gets the chairman ship of the committee on Mississippi river improvements, as well as places on the committees on civil service and New York, but out in Detroitthey said: I establishment of a national university.to g^ggjIS OUT OF POLITICS ALTOGETHER. Such is the Substance of a Washington Dispatch Regarding Mr. Lind. W^i'ilS The Present Representative does not Evenki Want the Governorship -"^f|f Dissatisfied With the Treatment Given his,^ section of the state by tie "'.*£%%& Administration. i| !fl A Washington special lo tho Pioneer $&*& Press of Sunday has the' following re-',^ garding Mr, Lind's determination to -'T„-f§3 withdraw from politics and his com-' \-s^t plaints against the treatment given by ''A the administration to the section which"' he represents- in the matter of fed-. j\x eral office-holding: "-S Representative Lind of Minnesota has declared several limes, and with *-',** such emphasis that there cau be nomw*,"'^ taking his intentions, that he will not V| be a candidate for re-election iu the ,-. Seoond district. This district will lose- '_'** a valuable member, aud Minnesota a- ''Cfi? congressman who has been very watch- %"JfJ ful of her interest, A great many Re-., publicans of the state hoped Mr. Lind ,c would reconsider his aetermination,* J\*& and before*the next convention meets1 ,-v? would conclude to again take the nomi- -, ft nation, which is of course, equivalent to an election, but in conference with the Pioneer Press correspondent the other ,' day he reasserted his determination to & stay out, and positively declined to al low his name to be used before the /i convention. Since this determination there has been more or less talk of making Mni the Republican uominee for governor next fall but in this connection he is as fully determined as in the matter of the congressional nomination, and would not be a candidate for governor under any cirouinstances. He says that should he prefer to remain in politics in the active sense, such as holding of fice, the-bouse of representatives would suit him better than any other position. It is evident from what he said that Mr. Lind does not like the wiy matters have run in this administration regard federal ofEcy-holding in Minnesota, and that he feels as if his part of the state had been ignored by the present admin istration. He talked somewhat of the political centralizing in and around St. Paul and Minneapolis, and especially the latter city. A great many people of the West, and especially in the present administration, seem to think that a small knot of politicians in Minneapolis is the Republican party of Minnesota. He Is not prepared to ba of that opinion, and thinks that other seotions of the state are as truly Re publican and entitled to as much con sideration as that city, which has se cured so many of the important appoint ments given to Minnesota. Not onlv is bis complaint on account of federal appointments resident in Minnesota, put in those appointments of honor and profit which were given to citizens of Minneapolis where the duties carried them to Washington or to other places remote from their resi dence at the time of their appointment. He will continue to take an active in terest in politics, and he says he will probably take a hand in aftairs relating to the Republican party, but he is not looking for his own advancement,being satisfied, he says, to see others share the responsibility of office-holding. He will devote his time almost exclusively, to the practice of his profession, and says that Minnesota affords him a very satisfactory home, and one which he prefers to any other part of the coun try. Genuine Meereschaum Goods, pipes, cigarholders and ornaments at cost from now until Christmas at T. Muel ler's. Fine quality of goods and just the thing. forChristmas gifts. —-—m Croup, Whooping Cough and Bron-' chitis immediatly relieved by Shiloh's Cure. Sold by Henningsen & Kiesel, At Ecksteins drug store you will be more than satisfied that you can suit your friends if you but look over the el egant and beautiful lice of leather and plush photograph holders, French plate and bevel edged mirrors in plush, fig ured wood and metal frames and oth er fancy articles too numerous to men tion. In looking for your Christmas gifts •on-would commit a great error if you didn't yisit the store af AndrewJ. Eck stein. He has restocked his store with everything new and takes pleasure in calling attention to the many attrac tive articles with which his counters and show cases are now loadetL Among i'# them will be found Bronze aud Silver Statues, Horn Goods, Celluloid Souve nirs and Wall Ornaments. Christmas Cards, Christmas 8ouvenirsand Christ mas Trees and Christmas Tree Trim mugs. Remember that a nub always oomee before Christmas aadthat it pays select early. 1 %C •Si r^if V.'